Australia national soccer team
The Australia national soccer team represents Australia in international men's soccer. Nicknamed the Socceroos, the team is controlled by the governing body for soccer in Australia, Football Federation Australia, a member of the Asian Football Confederation and the regional ASEAN Football Federation since leaving the Oceania Football Confederation in 2006. Australia is the only national team to have been a champion of two confederations, having won the OFC Nations Cup four times between 1980 and 2004, as well as the AFC Asian Cup at the 2015 event on home soil; the team has represented Australia at the FIFA World Cup tournament on five occasions, in 1974 and from 2006 to 2018. The team has represented Australia at the FIFA Confederations Cup four times; the first Australia national team was constituted in 1922 for a tour of New Zealand, which included two defeats and a draw. For the next 36 years, New Zealand and South Africa became regular opponents in tour matches. During that period, Australia competed against Canada and India during their tours of Australia in 1924 and 1938 respectively.
Australia recorded their worst defeat on 30 June 1951 as they lost 17–0 in a match to a touring England side. Australia had a rare opportunity to compete on the world's stage during the team's first major international tournament as hosts of the 1956 Melbourne Olympics. However, an inexperienced squad proved to be reason for the team's disappointing performance. With the advent of cheap air travel, Australia began to diversify its range of opponents. However, its geographical isolation continued to play a role in its destiny for the next 30 years. After failing to qualify for the FIFA World Cup in 1966 and 1970, losing in play-offs to North Korea and Israel Australia appeared at their first World Cup in West Germany, 1974. After managing only a draw from Chile and losses from East Germany and West Germany, the team, made up of amateur players was eliminated at the end of the first round, finishing last in their group without scoring a goal, it would prove to be the only appearance for the Australian team until the World Cup tournament returned to Germany more than three decades in 2006.
Over a 40-year period, the Australian team was known for its near misses in its attempts to qualify for the World Cup. The team's poor record in World Cup competition was not reflected in their reasonable performances against strong European and South American sides. In 1988, Australia defeated reigning world champions Argentina 4–1 in the Australian Bicentennial Gold Cup. In 1997, Australia drew with reigning world champions Brazil 0–0 in the group stage and defeated Uruguay 1–0 in the semi-finals to reach the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup Final. In 2001, after a victory against reigning world champions France in the group stage, Australia finished the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup in third place after defeating Brazil 1–0 in the third-place decider. Australia defeated England 3–1 at West Ham United's Boleyn Ground in 2003 as Wayne Rooney made his international debut. In early 2005, it was reported that Football Federation Australia had entered into discussions to join the Asian Football Confederation and end an 40-year association with the Oceania Football Confederation.
Many commentators and fans, most notably soccer broadcaster and former Australian captain Johnny Warren, felt that the only way for Australia to progress was to abandon Oceania. On 13 March, the AFC executive committee made a unanimous decision to invite Australia to join the AFC. After the OFC executive committee unanimously endorsed Australia's proposed move, FIFA approved the move on 30 June 2005. Australia joined Asia, with the move taking effect on 1 January 2006, though until Australia had to compete for a 2006 World Cup position as an OFC member country. After a successful campaign, the team took the first steps towards qualification for the 2006 World Cup. After coach Frank Farina stood down from the position after Australia's dismal performance at the 2005 Confederations Cup, Guus Hiddink was announced as the new national coach. Australia, ranked 49th, would have to play the 18th ranked Uruguay in a rematch of the 2001 qualification play-off for a spot in the 2006 World Cup. After a 5–0 friendly win against Jamaica, the first leg of the play-off tournament was lost, with the return leg still to be played in Australia four days in Sydney on 16 November 2005.
The second leg of the qualifying play-off was played in front of a crowd of 82,698 at Stadium Australia. Australia led Uruguay 1–0 after 90 minutes following a goal by Mark Bresciano in the first half; the aggregate was tied, extra time was played. Neither team scored after two periods of extra time. Australia won the penalty shootout, making Australia the first team to qualify for a World Cup via a penalty shootout. Australian goalkeeper Mark Schwarzer made two saves, with John Aloisi scoring the winning penalty for a place in the World Cup, Australia's first qualification in 32 years. Australia went into the 2006 World Cup as the second lowest-ranked side. Although their ranking vastly improved in subsequent months after a series of exhibition matches against high-profile teams, including a 1–1 draw against the Netherlands, a 1–0 win at the sold out 100,000 capacity Melbourne Cricket Ground against the European Champions Greece. For the 2006 World Cup, Australia was placed into Group F, along with Japan and defending champions Brazil.
In their opening group game, Australia defeated Japan 3–1, with Ti
St Albans Saints SC
St Albans Saints Soccer Club is an Australian semi-professional soccer club based in St Albans, Victoria. Established by local Croatian Australians, the club is a regular participant in the Australian-Croatian Soccer Tournament; the club is well known for having produced many great players over the years, including many that have gone on to play for its sister club the Melbourne Knights. Dinamo won promotion to the National Premier League Victoria for the 2017 season but, after finishing second last, was relegated to the NPL 2; the club was formed by Croatian migrants as Dinamo in 1975. The club based its identity on the Croatian club GNK Dinamo Zagreb. In 1982, Dinamo took over the German backed St Albans Soccer Club, near bankruptcy; the club took residence at Churchill Reserve in St Albans. The club still remains there to this day; the club would go on to build a social club there. It has become an important meeting place for the local Croatian community. St Albans Dinamo won its first title in 1983, winning the Victorian State League Division 2 with Melbourne Knights legends Billy Vojtek and Branko Culina leading the way.
Billy Vojtek was the league's top goal scorer with 16 goals. The following year the club joined the Victorian Premier League, skipping Division 1, after several VPL clubs joined the expanded National Soccer League; the club had a poor first year in 1984. By the late 1980s the club had become one of the leading sides in the competition. From 1986 to 1989 the club finished in the top 5 each season. 1988 was the season the club came closest to winning the championship, they finished 4th only 3 points behind first place. In this time the club produced many great players like Ivan Duzel, Ivan Kelic, Velimir Kupersak and Oliver Pondeljak, all of whom went on to great success in the National Soccer League. Over the next decade the club would struggle, with fluctuating results; the only joy came in 1993 with the club making the finals. But the club was eliminated at the first phase, but this period was marked by more young talent being produced by the club, in particular Ante Kovacevic and Tom Pondeljak.
Both players went to win the National Soccer League championship with the Melbourne Knights. In 1998 the club had its most successful season; the club finished first. Striker Harry Karl had a great season scoring 23 goals; the club made the Grand Final against the Bulleen Inter Kings. In a thrilling match Bulleen were up 2–0 by the 54th minute, but 10 minutes St Albans had leveled in a remarkable comeback. The joy was short lived, with seven minutes remaining Bulleen scored. After this stand out season, the club would go back to being a mid-table side. In 2005, the club was relegated from the Victorian Premier League, having played 23 consecutive seasons in the state's top tier. Needing only a draw to survive the drop, the club was relegated in the final round after losing to Heidelberg United. Five seasons in the State League 1 would follow, but in 2010, under the guidance of head coach Kruni Ražov, Dinamo would top the table and earn promotion back to the Victorian Premier League. Despite high profiles signings such as Tomislav Milardovic and Daniel Višević, the club won just three of its 24 games in the VPL and was subsequently relegated back to State League 1.
St Albans had a tough time in State 1, finishing 9th in the 12 team league in 2012 and 8th in 2013. In 2014, Football Federation Victoria introduced the National Premier Leagues Victoria and Dinamo had their bid for a place in the new competition accepted; the side was placed in the NPL1 division, the second tier of football in Victoria, meaning Dinamo retained the place they had in the Victorian football pyramid previously. In the first season of the NPL, St Albans finished in 6th place, pushing for promotion until the latter part of the season; the 2014 season will be remembered by the Saints' impressive 2014 FFA Cup run. St Albans beat FC Clifton Hill, Avondale FC, Eastern Lions SC and Northcote City FC to qualify for the FFA Cup Round of 32. Dinamo drew Parramatta FC at the Melita Stadium in Australia. Barry Devlin scored the lone goal as Dinamo progressed to the Round of 16. Dinamo drew A-League side Perth Glory; the match was played at sister-club Melbourne Knights' Knights Stadium. The game was played in front of 3,500 supporters, with the entire Victorian Croatian community rallying around the side for this huge encounter.
Dinamo went down by four goals to one, as their professional opponents' quality shone through in the second half. St Albans sacked head coach Toby Paterson and his son Brodie in September 2014, after an altercation broke out in their Round 23 NPL clash against Richmond SC. Captain Ryan McGuffie took on a caretaker player-coach role, leading the side in the remainder of the 2014 season. At the club's AGM towards the end of 2014, Richmond FC star ruckman Ivan Marić was appointed as president of the club. In 2015, the Club finished in 6th place once more, a promising start once again unravelled by a poor second half of the season. Head coach Joe Kovacevic, appointed for the 2015 season, was dismissed with five rounds to go after poor results. Franz Weimper took over for the remainder of the season in a caretaker role. Prior to the beginning of the 2016 pre-season, St Albans announced that Željko Kuzman had been appointed as head manager of the senior side with Steve Bebić his assistant. Kuzman's previous role was assistant manager at Richmond SC.
After losing Stuart Webster and Ross Harvey to Geelong SC, St Albans brought in Richmond wing
Matthew Graham "Matt" McKay is an Australian professional footballer who plays for Australian A-League club Brisbane Roar, with the Australian national team. McKay holds the clubs record for league appearances, 262. McKay played for Brisbane Roar since their first season in the A-League, was their club captain up until the 2010–11 season, in which he led Brisbane to their first A-League championship and premiership. Following this triumphant victory McKay sought a new challenge in the first division of the Scottish Premiership with Rangers. McKay played an integral role in Australia's second placing in the 2011 AFC Asian Cup notably with 30m cross to center forward Harry Kewell, he was part of the Australian squad at the 2014 World Cup and 2015 AFC Asian Cup. Mckay attended Brisbane Grammar School and played for the School's First XI. After graduating from Brisbane Grammar, McKay spent his formative youth years at both the QAS and AIS. McKay's first club signing was in 1991 for the Sunnybank Saints Soccer Club, competing under the Queensland Christian Soccer Association.
McKay was signed by NSL team the Brisbane Strikers in 2001, where he stayed until the conclusion of the 2003–04 National Soccer League season. McKay's last game for the Strikers was a 4–1 Victory over Adelaide United in the Elimination Final #1 as the Strikers could only level the tie 4–4 and bow out of the finals on away goals. McKay signed on as an inaugural member of the Queensland Roar prior to the 2005–06 season – the first in the history of the A-League. McKay was given the number 17 shirt. Signed as a squad player behind the more established South Korean duo Hyuk-Su Seo and Tae-Yong Shin, McKay got his opportunity due to a career-ending injury suffered by Shin in the clubs' first A-League fixture, against the now defunct, New Zealand Knights. Following the departure of club captain, Craig Moore midway through the 2009–10 season, McKay was named as club captain, he has played the highest number of games for the Roar with scoring 21 goals. McKay led Brisbane to their first A-League premiership and championship in 2011.
The Roar topped the table, continued their record-breaking 28-game unbeaten run with a miraculous 4–2 penalty shoot-out win over the Central Coast Mariners in the 2011 A-League Grand Final. It was reported after the match that a stirring speech by McKay at half-time in extra time boosted the Roar's morale sufficiently to unbelievably overcome a 2–0 deficit. During his time at Brisbane Roar, McKay had a loan spell in 2009 during the A-League off season.. He joined Changchun Yatai F. C. in the Chinese Super League where he made 15 appearances. On 16 August 2011 Rangers confirmed the signing of McKay awaiting a work-permit, granted three days with a UK work visa granted a week later. McKay made his Rangers debut against Dundee United on 10 September 2011, coming on as a late substitute. On 10 January 2012, McKay played and scored in a 4–1 Premier League win over Scottish Premier League team Kilmarnock F. C.. On 12 January 2012, it was reported that he had rejected the chance to go on loan to Al Ittihad who made an offer to Rangers of a loan-to-buy deal.
Rangers began to have financial problems and on 14 February 2012 a dispute with HMRC came to a head when the business was placed into administration. Rangers were deducted 10 points as per SPL rules. On 22 February 2012, Rangers confirmed that they had agreed a fee with South Korean club Busan IPark for midfielder Matt McKay. In January 2013, McKay signed a two-year deal with Chinese Super League side Changchun Yatai. In July 2013, McKay mutually terminated his contract by the club. On 11 August 2013, McKay was announced as Brisbane Roar Australian Marquee for the next 2 seasons McKay represented Australia at U-20 level in the 2003 FIFA World Youth Championship. On 16 August 2006, McKay came on as a substitute for Australia in the 90th minute of the 2007 Asian Cup qualifying match against Kuwait at Aussie Stadium for his first Socceroo cap. McKay would have to wait until 28 January 2009 for his second cap, starting in Australia's 2011 Asian Cup qualifying match against Indonesia in Jakarta, he would feature in two more qualification games for the 2011 Asian Cup, starting against Kuwait on 5 March 2009 at Canberra Stadium and playing the second half of the return tie against Indonesia on 3 March 2010 at Suncorp Stadium.
McKay missed out on Pim Verbeek's 2010 FIFA World Cup squad, however he returned to the Socceroos under new manager Holger Osieck and featured in three of Australia's friendlies in the leadup to the 2011 AFC Asian Cup. He came off the bench in the match against Paraguay on 9 October 2010 at the Sydney Football Stadium as well as coming off the bench against Egypt in Cairo on 17 November 2010. McKay was selected for the 2011 AFC Asian Cup squad by Holger Osieck, started in the team's pre-tournament friendly against the United Arab Emirates on 5 January 2011 in Al Ain. McKay went on to play a part in every game Australia played at the tournament coming off the bench in the first two games against India and South Korea, he was named in the starting 11 for both the final group stage match against Bahrain and the subsequent quarter-final match against Iraq, played a vital role in the latter, leading Australia to a 1–0 extra time victory, executing an inch-perfect cross for striker Harry Kewell to head into the goal for the match winner.
McKay retained his starting position for the semi-final against Uzbekistan, was again a key player for Australia in the team's 6–0 win, setting up three goals and being awarded man of the match. Due to McKay's excel
Holger Osieck is a German football manager who last managed the Australian national association football team. Prior to the Australian role, he most managed J. League club Urawa Red Diamonds, where he won the 2007 AFC Champions League, he served as an assistant coach of the West Germany national football team when they won the 1990 FIFA World Cup. He led Canada in winning the 2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup. In his native country, he played for FC Schalke 04, Eintracht Gelsenkirchen, SSV Hagen, 1. FC Mülheim, 1. FC Bocholt and Rot-Weiß Oberhausen. However, he never appeared in a top-flight Bundesliga match. Toward the end of his playing career, he moved to Canada to play for the Vancouver Whitecaps. After finishing his playing career in Canada, Osieck became an assistant coach to Franz Beckenbauer for the Germany that won the 1990 FIFA World Cup, he managed VfL Bochum, Fenerbahçe, the Urawa Red Diamonds, Kocaelispor. With Bochum, he started on 1 July 1991, his first match was a 2–2 draw against 1. FC Köln. Bochum finished the 1991–92 season in 15th place and were eliminated in the second round of the German Cup.
Bochum started the 1992–93 season with a 2–2 draw against Borussia Dortmund. Osieck left Bochum on 2 November 1992 and had his last match on 31 October 1992, a 3–1 loss to 1. FC Kaiserslautern. Bochum were in last place. Osieck became manager of Fenerbahçe on 1 July 1993. In the 1993–94 season, Fenerbahçe finished in second place in the league and got to the quarter-finals of the Turkish Cup. During the 1994–95 season, Fenerbahçe participated in the UEFA Cup, where they were eliminated in th first round by Cannes. Osieck left on Fenerbahçe 18 December 1994, his final match was a 1–1 draw against Gaziantepspor on 17 December 1994. Fenerbahçe were in fourth place. Osieck was manager of Urawa Red Diamonds between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 1996; the Red Diamonds finished the season in third place and got to the quarter-finals of the Emperor's Cup. During the 1996 season, the Red Diamonds got to the semi-finals of the Emperor's Cup and were eliminated in the group stage of the League Cup. Osieck was manager of Kocaelispor from 1 January 1997 to 30 June 1998.
His first match was a 1–1 draw against Gaziantepspor on 18 January 1997. Kocaelispor finished the season in seventh place, they won the Turkish Cup. In the 1997–98 season, Kocaelispor participated in the Cup Winners' Cup, where they were knocked out in the second round. Kocaelispor finished the season in 10th place, they were knocked out of the Turkish Cup in the semi-finals. Osieck landed the job of manager of the Canadian men's national soccer team in September 1998, his first match didn't come until 1999. His first two wins came against Guatemala when Canada won 1–0 on 28 May 1999 and 2–0 on 1 June 1999. In 2000, Canada participated in qualifying for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Canada eliminated Cuba. However, Canada finished third behind Trinidad and Tobago and Mexico and were eliminated from the tournament. Under Osieck, Canada won the 2000 CONCACAF Gold Cup, earning the nickname "Holger's Heroes," a reference to the television show Hogan's Heroes, they defeated Colombia in the final. In 2001, Canada participated in the Confederations Cup.
In the Confederations Cup, Canada lost to Japan and Cameroon and drew Brazil 0–0. Canada finished in last place in Group B. In 2002, Canada participated in the Gold Cup where Canada defeated South Korea in the third place match. Osieck resigned in September 2003, his final match was a 2–0 loss to Cuba in the 2003. He worked for FIFA between 2006 as chief of their technical department. In 2007, he again led the club to win the 2007 AFC Champions League. Under Osieck, Urawa finished third in the 2007 FIFA Club World Cup. However, he was fired by Urawa on 16 March 2008, after a poor start to the 2008 season. Urawa were in 17th place. On 11 August 2010, Osieck was named as the head coach of the Australia, replacing Pim Verbeek, who stepped down as Australia's coach after the 2010 FIFA World Cup; this role involves assisting youth development. His first game as Australia's coach was against Switzerland, with Australia drawing 0–0, his first win as Australia's coach was a 2–1 win against Poland. Australia proceeded to defeat Paraguay 1–0, before suffering a 3–0 loss to Egypt in Cairo.
In January 2011, he led the team to the final of the AFC Asian Cup, before an extra-time loss to Japan 1–0, with Australia conceding just two goals for the entire tournament. Osieck was praised for an otherwise outstanding campaign that included a victory over defending champions Iraq in the quarter-finals, an amazing 6–0 defeat of Uzbekistan in the semi-finals. On 30 March 2011, Osieck lead Australia to a shock 2–1 victory over his home country Germany in an international friendly match at Mönchengladbach. Australia were without their top goal scorer Tim Cahill but managed to score two goals in quick succession midway through the second half with Germany playing a weakened side with coach Joachim Löw playing a younger squad. Australia remained to be the only team to defeat Germany at home or away in 2011. Out of 17 games played in 2011, Australia achieved three draws and two losses. In 2013, in World Cup qualifying, Australia defeated Saudi Iraq. On 18 June 2013, Osieck precipitated a bout of conniptions from Australian talisman Tim Cahill and enraged Australian fans by substituting him in the 78th minute of the 2014 World Cup Qualifier against Iraq.
His decision was to be vindicated, with the tactical substitution of Joshua Kennedy scoring the decisive goal in the 83rd minute and hoisting Australia to a third successive World Cup berth. On 12 October 2013
Lang Park known as Brisbane Stadium, by the sponsored name Suncorp Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium in Brisbane, Australia, located in the suburb of Milton. The current facility comprises a three-tiered rectangular sporting stadium with a capacity of 52,500 people, it is used for rugby league, rugby union, soccer, with a rectangular playing field of 136 metres by 82 metres. Lang Park was established in 1914, on the site of the former North Brisbane Cemetery, in its early days was home to a number of different sports, including cycling and soccer; the lease of the park was taken over by the Brisbane Rugby League in 1957 and it became the home of the game in Queensland. It has been the home ground of major rugby union and soccer matches in Queensland since its modern redevelopment, including the Queensland Reds and the Brisbane Roar, some Wallabies and Socceroos matches, it hosted the 2008 the 2017 Rugby League World Cup Final. The site of Lang Park was the North Brisbane Cemetery, until 1875 was Brisbane's primary cemetery.
By 1911 the area was populated, so the Paddington Cemeteries Act was introduced and the site was redeveloped as a recreational site. In 1914 it was named Lang Park after John Dunmore Lang; the ground was leased by the Queensland Amateur Athletics Association in the 1920s. In 1935, the Queensland Soccer Council became a sub-tenant of the QAAA, with a view to using it as the home ground for Brisbane soccer fixtures; the Latrobe Soccer Club, in turn, became a sub-tenant of the QSC, using the ground for its home games. However, by 1937, the QSC was considering sub-leasing Lang Park to "another code of football" as it "was not satisfied with the financial returns... under the sub-lease to the Latrobe-Milton club". Latrobe in turn responded that "'If no action Is taken to introduce the Ipswich clubs into the Brisbane competition this' season... the Latrobe-Milton Club cannot accept an increase in rental for Lang Park. Give us competition play with Ipswich and my club will hold the ground as headquarters for the code."On 11 February 1950, the official opening of the Lang Park Police Citizens Youth Club took place and youth activities commenced because of the concerns with the increase of juvenile delinquency.
Activities such as boxing, wrestling and gymnastics all occur at these premises to this day. Contemporaneous records are scant, but it appears the QSC did not renew the lease the ground after the intervening World War II. In 1953 the Brisbane Rugby League amalgamated with the Queensland Rugby League. QRL secretary Ron McAullife negotiated a 21-year lease of Lang Park from the Brisbane City Council in order to give the QRL a financially viable base of operations; the park had only the most basic facilities, the QRL contributed £17,000 to its development. Lang Park hosted its first game of first grade rugby league during the 1930s, with regular BRL games commencing there in 1955. In 1958 it hosted its first Brisbane rugby league grand final in which Brothers defeated Valleys 22 points to 7. A record crowd of 19,824 saw Northern Suburbs defeat Fortitude Valley at Lang Park in the BRL grand final in September 1961. In the 1960s, Fonda Metassa famously burst from the back of an ambulance to return to the field after being carted off injured in a match for Norths against Redcliffe.
As the ground was used by the QRL, it became no longer viable for use as a public recreation facility. In 1962 the Lang Park Trust was created under an act of Parliament; this allowed for the construction of the Frank Burke Stand, Ron McAuliffe Stand and the Western Grandstand. The Trust had on its board one member from the Queensland Government, one member from the Brisbane City Council, two members from the Queensland Rugby League and one member from the Brisbane Rugby League. From the 1960s Lang Park hosted interstate and international rugby league, including the inaugural State of Origin match. Up until 1972, it was the home ground of the Western Suburbs Panthers and from 1988 to 1992 it was the home ground of the Brisbane Broncos. In 1994, the stadium's name was changed to Suncorp Stadium, when naming sponsorship was attained by Queensland financial institution, Suncorp-Metway Limited; the venue is managed by AEG Ogden. On 25 May 1997 the 1996/1997 National Soccer League Grand final was played in front of a capacity crowd of 40,446, where the Brisbane Strikers F.
C. defeated Sydney United FC 2–0. In the late 1990s, it was decided. Suncorp Stadium was chosen as the site; the $280 million redevelopment commenced in July 2001 after Game One of the 2001 State of Origin series. The redevelopment was completed in time for the match between the Brisbane Broncos and Newcastle Knights on 1 June 2003; the stadium is now a 52,500 state of the art all-seater rectangular stadium, a far cry from the former Lang Park oval with two grandstands set back from a perimeter road. The only remaining stand from; the extension of the facility resulted in the demolition of a number of buildings along Milton Road, including the former Brisbane City Council trolley-bus depot. During their relocating year, the Broncos only recorded one win at the venue, against the Sydney Roosters in Round 16, 2003, unlike one loss at their previous home, ANZ Stadium in Round 5, 2003, against the New Zealand Warriors. Following its redevelopment, questions were raised about the standard of the surface, whic
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
2015 AFC Asian Cup
The 2015 AFC Asian Cup was the 16th edition of the men's AFC Asian Cup, a quadrennial international football tournament organised by the Asian Football Confederation. It was held in Australia from 9 to 31 January 2015; the tournament was won by Australia after defeating South Korea 2–1 in extra time in the final, thereby earning the right to participate in the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, hosted by Russia. The win was Australia's first Asian title since their move from the Oceania Football Confederation in 2006, it was the first time a men's team has become champions of two confederations, following Australia's four OFC Nations Cup titles: 1980, 1996, 2000 and 2004. Australia was chosen as the host on 5 January 2011, after being the sole bidder for the right to host the 2015 tournament; the matches were played in five different stadiums across five cities: Sydney, Brisbane and Newcastle. It was the first time that Australia had hosted the tournament, it was the first time the Asian Cup had been held outside the continent of Asia.
As hosts, Australia automatically qualified for the final tournament, while the remaining 15 finalists were decided through a qualification process, featuring 44 teams, from February 2013 to March 2014. The final tournament was Played in two stages: the knockout stage. In the group stage each team played three games in a group of four, with the winners and runners-up from each group advancing to the knockout stage. In the knockout stage the eight teams competed in single-elimination matches, beginning with the quarter-finals and ending with the final match of the tournament. A third-place match was played between the two losing teams of the semi-finals. Japan were the defending champions going into the tournament, having won the previous competition in 2011, they recorded their worst finish in the Asian Cup since the 1996 edition in the United Arab Emirates, being knocked out in the quarter-finals by that team in a penalty shootout. Australia put forward its bid to host the 2015 AFC Asian Cup in 2010.
As the sole bidder for the hosting rights, Australia was named host on 5 January 2011. Considering the efforts of the Football Federation Australia in developing the game on their territory and considering all the achievements that have been made towards the development of football in Australia and to encourage Australia to take steps towards developing the game, I am happy and honoured to announce that the executive committee of the Asian Football Confederation has approved Australia as the host nation of the 2015 AFC Asian Cup; the 2015 AFC Asian Cup qualification process determined the 16 participating teams for the tournament. In the initial scheme, ten places were determined by qualification matches, while six places were reserved for the 2015 host nation, top three finishers in the 2011 AFC Asian Cup, the two winners of the AFC Challenge Cup. Though, as the host nation Australia finished as runners-up in the 2011 Asian Cup, the initial six automatic qualification spots were reduced to five, with a total of 11 spots determined by the qualification matches, in which 20 AFC members competed.
There were two main competitive paths to the 2015 Asian Cup. The AFC Challenge Cup acted as a qualification competition for eligible countries within the emerging and developing category of member associations; the winners of the AFC Challenge Cup competitions in 2012 and 2014 qualified automatically for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup finals. The remaining spots were available for the teams competing in the main Asian Cup preliminaries; the AFC decided that the 20 teams involved in the qualifiers would be split into five groups of four teams each. The top two teams from each group and one best third-placed team from among all the groups would qualify for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup. Out of the sixteen teams that qualified, fourteen that participated in the 2011 tournament. Oman qualified for the first time since 2007. Palestine, winners of the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup, were the only team making their first appearance in the tournament. India and Syria are the only two teams from the 2011 tournament who failed to qualify for the subsequent edition.
Excluding hosts Australia, none of the other 11 members of the ASEAN Football Federation qualified, nor did any of the South Asian national teams. The draw for the final tournament occurred at the Sydney Opera House on 26 March 2014; the draw procedure involved the 16 participating teams drawn at random into the four groups of the group stage. In preparation for this, the teams were organised into four pots based on a seeding which used the March 2014 FIFA World Rankings; the draw and seeding ensured a fair distribution of teams in the groups, with each of the four groups in the group stage made up of one team from each pot. The host nation was automatically placed into Pot 1, with the team having been predetermined to be in Group A. In addition, at the time of the draw, the identity of the 2014 AFC Challenge Cup winners was not known yet, they were automatically placed into Pot 4; the five host cities for the 2015 AFC Asian Cup, Melbourne, Brisbane and Newcastle, were announced on 27 March 2013, with a total five stadia to be used.
Tickets for the venues were sold directly by AFC via its website, or distributed by the football associations of the 16 finalists. 500,000 tickets were available. Over 45,000 international visitors were forecast to visit Australia during the tournament. Pric