Vision (Marvel Comics)
The Vision is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is an android and a member of the Avengers who first appeared in The Avengers #57; the character is portrayed by Paul Bettany in the Marvel Cinematic Universe in the 2015 film Avengers: Age of Ultron, the 2016 film Captain America: Civil War, the 2018 film Avengers: Infinity War. He is loosely based on the Timely Comics character of the same name. Editor Stan Lee and writer Roy Thomas decided to add a new team member to the superhero-team series The Avengers. Thomas wanted to bring back the Golden Age Vision but Lee was set on introducing an android member. Thomas compromised by using a new, android Vision; the second Vision first appeared in The Avengers #57. Thomas wanted the character to be white as befitting his ghostly name, but printing limitations of the time would have rendered him colorless, with un-inked paper where his skin should be, he settled on red as he did not want Vision to be green like the blue like the Atlanteans.
The character has been compared with Spock from Star Trek, but Thomas said that he was aware of the TV series at the time. He acknowledged being influenced by the Adam Link character by Otto Binder, one of the first robots treated as a sympathetic character rather than as a mechanical tool. In The Avengers #75, the Scarlet Witch is reintroduced to the team and soon becomes a love interest for the Vision. Thomas recounted, "I felt that a romance of some sort would help the character development in The Avengers, the Vision was a prime candidate because he appeared only in that mag... as did Wanda, for that matter. So they became a pair, for just such practical considerations, it would I felt, add to the development I was doing on the Vision's attempting to become ‘human.’" Thomas came up with the idea of the Vision having been created from the body of the Human Torch, but only planted a vague clue to this before leaving the series. It was followed up in The Avengers #134–135. Writer Steve Englehart explained, "That plot was well known in-house for years, since Roy and Neal hadn't had a chance to do it, I did it on my watch with Roy’s blessing."In 1972 the Vision appeared with Spider-Man in Marvel Team-Up #5, "A Passion of the Mind", in which a giant robot scout from the Kree-Skrull War is found to be interfering with the Vision's brain waves.
The Vision and Scarlet Witch were married in Giant-Size Avengers #4. The couple starred in the limited series The Vision and the Scarlet Witch #1–4, by writer Bill Mantlo and penciller Rick Leonardi; this was followed by a second volume numbered #1–12, written by Steve Englehart and penciled by Richard Howell, in which the Scarlet Witch gives birth to twin boys conceived with the Vision through magical means. The "Vision Quest" story in West Coast Avengers #42–45 by writer/penciller John Byrne took the character away from his earlier depictions as a "synthetic human" and emphasized his android nature; the story had the Vision's memory and human brain patterns wiped out, severed his relationship with his wife, revealed their children to be imaginary constructs, included a two-page spread showing a dismantled Vision. Journalist Karen Walker commented, "This image alone has done more to shape how future writers perceive the character than anything before or since. Once seen broken down into component parts, it’s hard to move past that image and think of the Vision as a synthetic man, not a machine."The Vision appeared in a solo limited series, Vision, #1–4, by writer Bob Harras and penciller Manny Clark.
Nearly a decade after that came a second four-issue volume, written by Geoff Johns and penciled by Ivan Reis. The series Young Avengers, which ran 12 issues from April 2005 to August 2006, introduced a new Vision, a combination of the synthezoid Vision's program files and the armor and mental engrams of the hero Iron Lad. Vision appeared as a regular character in the 2010–2013 Avengers series, from issue #19 through its final issue #34; the Vision again appeared in a solo series, with #1 that started in November 2015 and ended with #12 in October 2016. The robot Ultron is the creator of the Vision, a type of android he calls a "synthezoid", for use against Ultron's own creator, Dr. Hank Pym and Pym's wife, Janet van Dyne of the superhero team the Avengers. Ultron sends his new servant to lead the Avengers into a trap; the Wasp is the first to encounter the synthezoid, describes it as a "vision" while trying to escape. Adopting the name, the Vision is convinced by the Avengers to turn against Ultron.
After learning how Ultron created him, using the brain patterns of then-deceased Simon Williams, the Vision becomes a member of the team. The team believes the Vision's body was created from that of the android original Human Torch; the Avengers are told that the time lord Immortus used the power of the Forever Crystal to split the original Human Torch into two entities – one body remained the original Torch while Ultron rebuilt the other as the Vision. This was part of his plan to nurture a relationship for the Scarlet Witch that would prevent her from having any children, as her power level meant that any offspring she might have could threaten the cosmic beings of the Marvel Universe. Not long after joining the team, the Vision is temporarily controlled by Ultron, rebuilds Ultron out of adamantium, battling the Avengers before regaining control of himself. Shortly after that, th
The Justice League is a team of fictional superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The Justice League was conceived by writer Gardner Fox, they first appeared together, as Justice League of America in The Brave and the Bold #28; the Justice League is an assemblage of superheroes. The seven original members were Aquaman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter and Wonder Woman; the team roster has rotated throughout the years, consisting of various superheroes from the DC Universe, such as The Atom, Big Barda, Black Canary, Green Arrow, Elongated Man, the Flash/Wally West, Green Lantern/John Stewart, Hawkman, Plastic Man, Power Girl, Red Tornado, Captain Marvel/Shazam, Zatanna, among many others. The team received its own comic book title called Justice League of America in November 1960. With the 2011 relaunch, DC Comics released a second volume of Justice League. In July 2016, the DC Rebirth initiative again relaunched the Justice League comic book titles with the third volume of Justice League.
Since its inception, the team has been featured in various films, television programs, video games. Various comic book series featuring the Justice League have remained popular with fans since inception and, in most incarnations, its roster includes DC's most popular characters; the Justice League concept has been adapted into various other entertainment media, including various forms of television from the classic Saturday morning Super Friends animated series, a live action series of specials Legends of the Superheroes, an unproduced Justice League of America live-action series, the acclaimed Justice League animated series, its sequel Justice League Unlimited and Justice League Action. A live-action film was in the works around 2008 before being shelved. On June 6, 2012, Warner Bros. announced a new live action Justice League film was in development with Will Beall hired as screenwriter. However, the project was scrapped again. After the success of the Superman reboot Man of Steel, a film titled Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice was released in March 2016, directed by Zack Snyder.
Batman v Superman script writer Chris Terrio has penned the script for Justice League. In a story told in flashback in Justice League of America #9, the Appelaxians infiltrated Earth. Competing alien warriors were sent to see who could conquer Earth first, to determine who will become the new ruler of their home planet; the aliens' attacks drew the attentions of Aquaman, Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter and Wonder Woman. While the superheroes individually defeated most of the invaders, the heroes fell prey to a single competitor's attack. For many years, the heroes heralded this adventure as the event that prompted them to agree to pool resources when confronted with similar menaces. In Justice League of America #144, Green Arrow uncovered inconsistencies in the team's records and extracted admissions from his colleagues that the seven founders had formed the League after Martian Manhunter was rescued from Martian forces by the other six founders, along with several other heroes including Robin, Congorilla, Rex the Wonder Dog, Lois Lane.
Green Lantern participated in this first adventure as Hal Jordan, as he had yet to become the costumed hero, the biggest inconsistency Arrow found, as they celebrated the earlier incident's date, while recounting only the one's events. When the group formalized their agreement, they suppressed news of it because of anti-Martian hysteria; because the heroes had not revealed their identities to each other at the time, they did not realize that Jordan and Green Lantern were one and the same when he turned up in costume during the event described in #9. While most subsequent accounts of the League have made little mention of this first adventure, the animated Justice League series adapted this tale as the origin of the Justice League as well. Secret Origins vol. 2, #32 updated Justice League of America #9's origin for post-Crisis continuity. Differences included the inclusion of the Silver Age Black Canary as a founding member and the absence of Batman, Wonder Woman and Superman; the JLA: Year One limited series, by Mark Waid, Brian Augustyn and Barry Kitson, further expanded the Secret Origins depiction.
In Justice League Task Force #16, during Zero Hour, a unknown superhuman named Triumph appeared. Triumph was their leader. On his first mission with the Justice League, Triumph "saved the world" but was teleported into a dimensional limbo that affected the timestream, erasing all memory of him. In Infinite Crisis #7, the formation of "New Earth" restored Wonder Woman as a founding member of the Justice League. In Brad Meltzer's Justice League of America #0, it was revealed that Superman and Batman were again founding members as well. 52 #51 confirmed that the 1989 Secret Origins and JLA: Year One origins were still in continuity at that time, with Superman and Wonder Woman joining the team with founding members' status shortly after the group's formation with Aquaman, Black Canary, Green Lantern and Martian Manhunter. In Justice League of America #12, the founding members of the Justice League were shown to be Superman, Wonder Woman, Green Lantern, Aquaman, and
Jim Lee is a Korean American comic-book artist, writer and publisher. He is the Co-Publisher and Chief Creative Officer of DC Comics. In recognition of his work, Lee has received a Harvey Award, Inkpot Award and three Wizard Fan Awards, he entered the industry in 1987 as an artist for Marvel Comics, illustrating titles such as Alpha Flight and The Punisher War Journal, before gaining popularity on The Uncanny X-Men. X-Men No. 1, the 1991 spin-off series premiere that Lee penciled and co-wrote with Chris Claremont, remains the best-selling comic book of all time, according to Guinness World Records. In 1992, Lee and several other artists formed their own publishing company, Image Comics to publish their creator-owned titles, with Lee publishing titles such as WildC. A. T.s and Gen¹³ through his studio WildStorm Productions. Eschewing the role of publisher in order to return to illustration, Lee sold WildStorm in 1998 to DC Comics, where he continued to run it as a DC imprint until 2010, as well as illustrating successful titles set in DC's main fictional universe, such as the year-long "Batman: Hush" and "Superman: For Tomorrow" storylines, books including Superman Unchained, the New 52 run of Justice League.
On February 18, 2010, Lee was announced as the new Co-Publisher of DC Comics with Dan DiDio, both replacing Paul Levitz. Lee was born on August 1964 in Seoul, South Korea, he grew up in St. Louis, where he lived a "typical middle-class childhood". Though given a Korean name at birth, he chose the name Jim when he became a naturalized U. S. citizen at age 12. Lee attended River Bend Elementary School in Chesterfield and St. Louis Country Day School, where he drew posters for school plays. Having had to learn English when he first came to the U. S. presented the young Lee with the sense of being an outsider, as did the "preppy, upper-class" atmosphere of Country Day. As a result, on the rare occasions that his parents bought him comics, Lee's favorite characters were the X-Men, because they were outsiders themselves. Lee says that he benefited as an artist by connecting with characters that were themselves disenfranchised, like Spider-Man, or who were born of such backgrounds, such as Superman, created by two Jewish men from Cleveland to lift their spirits during the Depression.
His classmates predicted in his senior yearbook. Despite this, Lee was resigned to following his father's career in medicine, attending Princeton University to study psychology, with the intention of becoming a medical doctor. In 1986, as he was preparing to graduate, Lee took an art class that reignited his love of drawing, led to his rediscovery of comics at a time when seminal works such as Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns and Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons' Watchmen spurred a renaissance within the American comics industry. After obtaining his psychology degree, he decided to postpone applying to medical school, earned the reluctant blessing of his parents by allotting himself one year to succeed, vowing that he would attend medical school if he did not break into the comic book industry in that time, he did not find success. When Lee befriended St. Louis-area comics artists Don Secrease and Rick Burchett, they convinced him he needed to show his portfolio to editors in person, prompting Lee to attend a New York comics convention, where he met editor Archie Goodwin.
Goodwin invited Lee to Marvel Comics, where the aspiring artist received his first assignment by editor Carl Potts, who hired him to pencil the mid-list series Alpha Flight, seguéing from that title in 1989 to Punisher: War Journal. Lee's work on the Punisher: War Journal was inspired by artists such as Frank Miller, David Ross, Kevin Nowlan, Whilce Portacio, as well as Japanese manga. In 1989, Lee filled in for regular illustrator Marc Silvestri on Uncanny X-Men No. 248 and did another guest stint on issues No. 256 through No. 258 as part of the "Acts of Vengeance" storyline becoming the series' ongoing artist with issue No. 267, following Silvestri's departure. During his stint on Uncanny, Lee first worked with inker Scott Williams, who would become a long-time collaborator. During his run on the title, Lee co-created the character Gambit with long-time X-Men writer Chris Claremont. Lee's artwork gained popularity in the eyes of enthusiastic fans, which allowed him to gain greater creative control of the franchise.
In 1991, Lee helped launch a second X-Men series called X-Men volume 2, as both the artist and as co-writer with Claremont. X-Men vol. 2 No. 1 is still the best-selling comic book of all-time with sales of over 8.1 million copies and nearly $7 million, according to a public proclamation by Guinness World Records at the 2010 San Diego Comic-Con. The sales figures were generated in part by publishing the issue with five different variant covers, four of which show different characters from the book that formed a single image when laid side by side, a fifth, gatefold cover of that combined image, large numbers of which were purchased by retailers who anticipated fans and speculators who would buy multiple copies in order to acquire a complete collection of the covers. Lee designed new character uniforms for the series, including those worn by Cyclops, Jean Grey, Rogue and Storm and created the villain Omega Red. Actor/comedian Taran Killam, who has ventured into comics writing with The Illegitimates, has cited X-Men No. 1 as the book that inspired his interest in comics.
Stan Lee interviewed Lee in the documentary series The Comic Book Greats. Enticed by the idea of being able to exert more control over his own work, in 1992, Lee accepted the invitation to join six other artists who broke away from Marvel
Action Comics is an American comic book/magazine series that introduced Superman, one of the first major superhero characters. The publisher was known as National Allied Publications, as National Comics Publications and as National Periodical Publications, before taking on its current name of DC Comics, its original incarnation ran from 1938 to 2011 and stands as one of the longest-running comic books with consecutively numbered issues. A second volume of Action Comics beginning with issue #1 ran from 2011 to 2016. Action Comics returned to its original numbering beginning with issue #957. Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster saw their creation, launched in Action Comics #1 on April 18, 1938, an event which began the Golden Age of Comic Books. Siegel and Shuster had tried for years to find a publisher for their Superman character—originally conceived as a newspaper strip—without success. Superman was a bald madman created by Siegel and Shuster who used his telepathic abilities to wreak havoc on mankind.
He appeared in Shuster's book Science Fiction. Siegel commented, "What if this Superman was a force for good instead of evil?" The writer and artist had worked on several features for National Allied Publications' other titles such as Slam Bradley in Detective Comics and were asked to contribute a feature for National's newest publication. They submitted Superman for consideration and, after re-pasting the sample newspaper strips they had prepared into comic book page format, National decided to make Superman the cover feature of their new magazine. After seeing the published first issue, publisher Harry Donenfeld dismissed the featured strip as ridiculous and ordered it never to be on the cover of the series again. Subsequent reports of the first issue's strong sales and follow up investigations revealed that Superman was the reason, thus the character returned to the covers, becoming a permanent presence in issue 19 onward. Action Comics was an anthology title featuring a number of other stories in addition to the Superman story.
Zatara, a magician, was one of the other characters. There was the hero Tex Thompson, who became Mr. America and the Americommando. Vigilante enjoyed a lengthy run in this series. Sometimes stories of a more humorous nature were included, such as those of Hayfoot Henry, a policeman who talked in rhyme; the series saw the introduction of several characters and themes which would become longstanding elements of the Superman mythos. Lois Lane made her debut in the first issue with Superman. An unnamed "office boy" with a bow tie makes a brief appearance in the story "Superman's Phony Manager" published in Action Comics #6, claimed to be Jimmy Olsen's first appearance by several reference sources. Superman was first depicted as possessing the power of flight in issue #13. Other new superpowers depicted for the first time for the character included X-ray vision in issue #18 and telescopic vision and super-breath in issue #20. Luthor, a villain who would become Superman's archenemy, was introduced in issue #23.
The original Toyman was created by writer Don Cameron and artist Ed Dobrotka in issue #64. By 1942, artist Wayne Boring, one of Shuster's assistants, had become a major artist on Superman. Under editor Mort Weisinger, the Action Comics title saw a further expansion of the Superman mythology. Writer Jerry Coleman and Wayne Boring created the Fortress of Solitude in issue #241 and Otto Binder and Al Plastino debuted the villain Brainiac and the Bottle City of Kandor in the next issue the following month; the size of the issues was decreased as the publisher was reluctant to raise the cover price from the original 10 cents, so there were fewer stories. For a while, Congo Bill and Tommy Tomorrow were the two features in addition to Superman. Writer Robert Bernstein and artist Howard Sherman revamped the "Congo Bill" backup feature in issue #248 in a story wherein the character gained the ability to swap bodies with a gorilla and his strip was renamed Congorilla; the introduction of Supergirl by Otto Binder and Al Plastino occurred in issue #252.
Following this debut appearance, Supergirl adopted the secret identity of an orphan "Linda Lee" and made Midvale Orphanage her base of operations. In Action Comics # 261, her pet cat Streaky was introduced by Jim Mooney. Supergirl joined the Legion of Super-Heroes in issue #276 and acted for three years as Superman's "secret weapon," until her existence was revealed in Action Comics #285. In the view of comics historian Les Daniels, artist Curt Swan became the definitive artist of Superman in the early 1960s with a "new look" to the character that replaced Wayne Boring's version. Bizarro World first appeared in the story "The World of Bizarros!" in issue #262. Writer Jim Shooter created the villain the Parasite in Action Comics #340. Mort Weisinger retired from DC in 1970 and his final issue of Action Comics was issue #392. Murray Boltinoff became the title's editor until issue #418. Metamorpho was the backup feature in issues #413–418 after which the character had a brief run as the backup in World's Finest Comics.
Julius Schwartz became the editor of the series with issue #419 which introduced the Human Target by Len Wein and Carmine Infantino in the back-up feature. Green Arrow and Black Canary became a backup feature in #421 and ran through #458 rotating with the Human Target and the Atom. Between issues #423 and #424 (June 1
A penciller is a collaboration artist who works in creation of comic books, graphic novels, similar visual art forms, with focus on primary pencil illustrations, hence the term "penciller". In the American comic book industry, the penciller is the first step in rendering the story in visual form, may require several steps of feedback with the writer; these artists are concerned with layout to showcase steps in the plot. A penciller works in pencil. Beyond this basic description, different artists choose to use a wide variety of different tools. While many artists use traditional wood pencils, others prefer mechanical drafting leads. Pencillers may use any lead hardness they wish, although many artists use a harder lead to make light lines for initial sketches turn to a softer lead for finishing phases of the drawing. Still other artists do their initial layouts using a light-blue colored pencil because that color tends to disappear during photocopying. Most US comic book pages are drawn oversized on large sheets of paper Bristol board.
The customary size of comic book pages in the mainstream American comics industry is 11 by 17 inches. The inker works directly over the penciller's pencil marks, though pages are inked on translucent paper, such as drafting vellum, preserving the original pencils; the artwork is photographically reduced in size during the printing process. With the advent of digital illustration programs such as Photoshop and more artwork is produced digitally, either in part or entirely. Jack KirbyFrom 1949 until his retirement, Jack Kirby worked out of a ten-foot-wide basement studio dubbed "The Dungeon" by his family; when starting with clean piece of Bristol board, he would first draw his panel lines with a T-square. Arthur AdamsArthur Adams begins drawing thumbnail layouts from the script he's given, either at home or in a public place; the thumbnails range in size from 2 inches x 3 inches to half the size of the printed comic book. He or an assistant will enlarge the thumbnails and trace them onto illustration board with a non-photo blue pencil, sometimes using a Prismacolor light-blue pencil, because it is not too waxy, erases easily.
When working on the final illustration board, he does so on a large drawing board when in his basement studio, a lapboard when sitting on his living room couch. After tracing the thumbnails, he will clarify details with another light-blue pencil, finalize the details with a Number 2 pencil, he drew the first three chapters of "Jonni Future" at twice the printed comic size, drew the fifth chapter, "The Garden of the Sklin", at a size larger than standard, in order to render more detail than usual in those stories. For a large poster image with a multitude of characters, he will go over the figure outlines with a marker in order to emphasize them, he will use photographic reference when appropriate, as when he draws things that he is not accustomed to. Because a significant portion of his income is derived from selling his original artwork, he is reluctant to learn how to produce his work digitally. Jim LeeArtist Jim Lee is known to use F lead for his pencil work. J. Scott CampbellArtist J. Scott Campbell does his pencil with a lead holder, Sanford Turquoise H lead, which he uses for its softness and darkness, for its ability to provide a "sketchy" feel, with a minimal amount of powdery lead smearing.
He uses this lead because it strikes a balance between too hard, therefore not dark enough on the page, too soft, therefore prone to smearing and crumbling. Campbell avoids its closest competitor. Campbell has used HB lead and F lead, he maintains sharpness of the lead with a Berol Turquoise sharpener, changing them every four to six months, which he finds is the duration of their grinding ability. Campbell uses a combination of Magic Rub erasers, eraser sticks, since he began to ink his work digitally, a Sakura electric eraser, he sharpens the eraser to a cornered edge in order to render fine detailed work. Travis CharestArtist Travis Charest uses 2H lead to avoid smearing, sometimes HB lead, he illustrated on regular illustration board provided by publishers, though he disliked the non-photo blue lines printed on them. By 2000, he switched to Crescent board for all his work, because it does not warp when wet, produces sharper illustrations, are more suitable for framing because they lack the non-photo blue lines.
Charest prefers not to employ preliminary sketching practices, such as layouts, thumbnails or lightboxing, in part due to impatience, in part because he enjoys the serendipitous nature in which artwork develops when produced with greater spontaneity. He prefers to use reference only when rendering objects that require a degree of real-life accuracy, such as guns, vehicles or characters of licensed properties that must resemble actors with whom they are identified, as when he illustrated the cover to Star Trek: The Next Generation: Embrace the Wolf in 2000. Adam HughesThe penciling process that artist Adam Hughes employs for his cover work is the same he uses when doing sketches for fans at conventions, with the main difference being that he does cover work in his sketchbook, before transferring the drawing to virgin art board with a lightbox, whereas he does convention drawings on 11 x 14 Strathmore bristol, as he prefers penciling on the rougher, vellum surface rather than smooth paper, preferring smoother paper only for brush inking.
He does preliminary undersketches with a lead holder, because he feels regular pencils get worn down to the nub too quickly. As he explained during a sketch demonstration at a comic book
New York Comic Con
The New York Comic Con is an annual New York City fan convention dedicated to Western comics, graphic novels, manga, video games, toys and television. It was first held in 2006; the New York Comic Con is a for-profit event produced and managed by ReedPOP, a division of Reed Exhibitions and Reed Elsevier, is not affiliated with the long running non-profit San Diego Comic-Con, nor the Big Apple Convention known as the Big Apple Comic-Con, owned by Wizard Entertainment. ReedPOP is involved with other events, including Chicago Comic & Entertainment Expo and PAX Dev/PAX East/PAX Prime. ReedPop and New York Comic Con were founded by Greg Topalian, former senior vice president of Reed Exhibitions; the first con was held in 2006 at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center. Due to Reed Exhibitions' lack of experience with comic conventions, attendance was far more than anticipated, the main exhibition hall could only hold 10,000. Despite crowding on Friday afternoon, tickets continued to be sold due to low pre-reg numbers, the non-counting of professionals and exhibitors.
The main exhibition hall hit capacity Saturday morning and was locked by the fire marshals until people left, with the lockdown ending in the afternoon. Major guests, including Kevin Smith and Frank Miller, could not enter the main hall; the line to enter the convention wrapped around the building with waits of two hours to enter, many were turned away. Ticket sales for Sunday were suspended. Reed announced; the second con was held in 2007, with the convention organizer booking double the floor space than the previous year's space, moving to the upper level of the Javits Center. The show on Friday was again only open to industry and press until 4 p.m. when it opened to the public. Due to better planning, advance ticket sales were controlled, the convention sold out for Saturday. Lines started forming at midnight Saturday to enter the convention, by Saturday morning, there was a 2-hour wait in 20 degree temperatures to enter. Crowding was a problem in the Artists Alley, off the main convention floor, causing it to be moved to the main floor for 2008.
The American Anime Awards, hosted by New York Comic Con, was held on February 24 at the New Yorker Hotel, during the Comic Con. The third con held in 2008 moved to April, continued to grow, occupied most of the main level in the Javits Center. Stan Lee was awarded the inaugural New York Comics Legend Award at the Times Square Virgin Megastore before the Comic Con. Kids' Day programming was added to the convention on Sunday with the help of Kids's Comic Con; the fourth con held in 2009 returned to February and featured a charity art auction to support The Hero Initiative. Due to scheduling conflicts with the Javits Center for spring dates and the creation of the Chicago Comic & Entertainment Expo by Reed, New York Comic Con was moved to October for Halloween starting in 2010; the New York Anime Festival a separate event created by Reed, was merged into Comic Con. Registration for the combined events was 190 percent ahead of 2009's numbers, convention space was increased by an additional 40 percent, the anime festival was moved to the lower level of the Javits.
The main floor of the convention center was split by a large construction area due to repairs to the Javits Center. Intel Extreme Masters Global Challenge – New York took place in Comic Con 2011, it featured eSport tournaments for games such as StarCraft II, League of Legends, Counter-Strike. In 2011, the convention was expanded to four days; the first day of the convention was limited to press and fans that purchased a four-day pass. This changed in 2013. With this addition, attendance at New York Comic Con grew to over 130,000, which placed the attendance of the convention on par with San Diego Comic-Con for the first time ever. In 2014, NYCC's attendance reached 151,000, surpassing SDCC to become the largest comic book convention in North America. In 2016, it was announced that everyone attending NYCC 2016 would be required to complete a "Fan Verification" profile; the event organizers explained that this step was implemented in an attempt to reduce the amount of scalpers and resellers who purchase tickets.
Fan Verification would only be open from May 20 - June 14, tickets purchased could only be assigned to someone with a profile. It was announced that NYCC would no longer be selling VIP tickets, that show tickets would not be sold at any retailers or events leading up to NYCC 2016. In 2017, the sale of 3-day and 4-day passes to the event were discontinued. Only single day Thursday, Saturday and Sunday kids tickets would be sold for the event. In 2018, the event organizers announced a partnership with Anime Expo for show called Anime Fest @ NYCC X Anime Expo; the four-day event would be held at Pier 94 in New York City, concurrent with the NYCC convention dates. The New York Anime Festival was an anime and manga convention held annually from 2007 to 2011 at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City. Produced by Reed Exhibitions, the people behind New York Comic Con, the inaugural event was held from December 7 through December 9, 2007. Starting in 2010 the New York Anime Festival has been held with the New York Comic Con, bringing the two cultures together.
In 2012, the New York Anime festival was absorbed into Comic Con. The Eastern Championships of Cosplay have been held at New York Comic Con since 2014. They
Brian Pulido is a creator and producer of comic books and films. Growing up in Long Branch, New Jersey, Pulido first developed an interest in the horror genre after the release of Night of the Living Dead when he was a child. Pulido has created, written or co-written numerous comic books, including Lady Death, Evil Ernie, Chastity, Smiley The Psychotic Button, Bad Kitty, Lady Demon and The Undead, he has written or published stories for World Wrestling Entertainment, Universal's The Mummy, Halloween and Insane Clown Posse. His stories have been published among others. Pulido's comics work includes stories based on New Line Cinema's A Nightmare on Elm Street, Friday the 13th and Texas Chain Saw Massacre from Avatar Press, as well as the monthly Lady Death and Medieval Lady Death. With Avatar Press, he launched all new supernatural creations Belladonna, War Angel, Killer Gnomes and Unholy. In 1998, Pulido packaged a five-issue weekly miniseries for Marvel called The Supernaturals with writing by Marc Andreyko and art by Ivan Reis.
That series included redesigns of characters such as Brother Voodoo and Satana. Pulido was the president of Chaos! Comics. Pulido created and wrote the story for ADV Films' animated feature, Lady Death: The Movie, he wrote and directed the short horror film, There's Something Out There, which has played at numerous film festivals. Pulido wrote and directed the film The Graves, released in 2009, his follow project is entitled Damnation; as of mid-February 2014 he is working on a project called Zack the Zombie Exterminator. November 2012 Inkwell Awards Ambassador Brian Pulido on IMDb Brian Pulido's bio at Eternal Entertainment Brian Pulido's page at Avatar Press International Horror and Sci-Fi Film Festival