Iván Luis Zamorano Zamora is a retired Chilean football striker. Along with Marcelo Salas and Elias Figueroa he is regarded as one of Chile's most recognized footballers, he was a member of the Chilean national team and played in the 1998 World Cup and four Copa América tournaments. He played for several clubs, notably Spanish clubs Sevilla and Real Madrid C. F. as well as Italian club Inter Milan. He was the season's top scorer with Real Madrid, he won the UEFA Cup with Inter Milan. A powerful and prolific goal-scorer, he was renowned for his strength and ability in the air, with many of his goals coming from headers. In 2004, Zamorano was selected among the FIFA 100, a list of the best living football players in the world compiled by Pelé. Zamorano was nicknamed Bam Bam and Iván el Terrible. Born in Santiago, Zamorano started his career at the club Trasandino he moved to Cobresal in Chile in 1985. In 1988, he moved to Europe to Swiss team FC St. Gallen, scoring 34 goals in 56 matches in three seasons.
In 1990 Zamorano debuted in the Spanish Primera División with Sevilla, where he would play 59 matches and score 21 goals before he was sold to Real Madrid for $5 million. With Real Madrid, between 1992 and 1996, Zamorano won one league, one Copa del Rey, one Spanish Supercup title. In 1995, under manager Jorge Valdano, Zamorano helped Real Madrid win the Spanish League title, scoring 27 goals – including a hat–trick against FC Barcelona – and received the Pichichi Trophy as the season's top scorer; that year, he formed a effective attacking partnership with playmaker Michael Laudrup. In the 1992–93 and 1994–95 seasons, he won the EFE Trophy, awarded to the best Ibero-American player in La Liga every year by Spanish news agency EFE. In total, Zamorano appeared 173 times for scoring 101 goals. After five seasons in the Spanish league, Zamorano played four seasons in Serie A with Inter Milan, from 1996 to 2000, where he was the teammate with Youri Djorkaeff, Diego Simeone, Javier Zanetti, Ronaldo, among others.
He was the club's premier striker, holding the coveted number nine shirt. However, upon Baggio's arrival at the club, Ronaldo was forced to give up number ten, wear number nine, therefore Zamorano had to give up his number and started wearing a shirt bearing the number'1+8', therefore making him mathematically still a number 9 striker. In May 1998, Inter won the UEFA Cup after beating Lazio in the final 3–0, with Zamorano scoring the opening goal, he had scored in second leg of the previous year's final, with the game going to penalties. However, Zamorano missed his penalty as Inter lost to Schalke 1–4. Zamorano would move to Mexico in 2001 to play for América for two seasons, winning the Torneo de Verano in the first season, he concluded his career playing in Colo-Colo making a childhood dream come true, in 2003, after a professional career spanning more than 16 years. Zamorano made his debut at the age of 20 on 19 June 1987, scoring a goal in a 3–1 friendly win against Peru, he scored five goals on 29 April 1997 in a 1998 World Cup qualifier against Venezuela, which ended in a 6–0 victory.
He played all four of Chile's matches at the 1998 World Cup, setting up Marcelo Salas' goal in a 1–1 draw against Austria. In the 2000 Olympic Games, he won the bronze medal, scoring a brace in a 2–0 victory against United States, was the top scorer with six goals, his last international match, at age 34, was a farewell friendly between Chile and France on 1 September 2001, which Chile won 2–1. Zamorano was capped 69 times, scoring 34 goals. Zamorano was the promotional face of the new Santiago, transport system, which has brought him criticism because of the system's starting failures. Scores and results list Chile's goal tally first. TrasandinoSegunda División: 1985CobresalCopa Chile: 1987Real MadridCopa del Rey: 1993 Supercopa de España: 1993 La Liga: 1994–95Inter MilanUEFA Cup: 1997–98Club AméricaMexican Primera División: 2002 ChileOlympic Bronze Medal: 2000 Swiss Super League Best Foreign Player: 1989–90 EFE Trophy: 1992–93, 1994–95 Pichichi Trophy: 1994–95 La Liga Best Foreign Player: 1994-95 European Sports Media Team of the Year: 1994-95 Olympic Games top scorer: 2000 FIFA 100 The Football History Boys Top 250 Players of All-Time #249 Inter profile Iván Luis Zamorano - Detail of international matches and goals - rsssf.com.
Iván Zamorano at BDFutbol
Hurricane Ivan was a large, long-lived, Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage in the Caribbean and United States. The cyclone was the ninth named storm, the sixth hurricane and the fourth major hurricane of the active 2004 Atlantic hurricane season. Ivan formed in early September, reached Category 5 strength on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Ivan caused catastrophic damage to Grenada as a strong Category 3 storm, heavy damage to Jamaica as a strong Category 4 storm and Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands and the western tip of Cuba as a Category 5 storm. After peaking in strength, the hurricane moved north-northwest across the Gulf of Mexico to strike Pensacola/Milton and Alabama as a strong Category 3 storm, causing significant damage. Ivan dropped heavy rains on the Southeastern United States as it progressed northeast and east through the eastern United States, becoming an extratropical cyclone; the remnant low from the storm moved into the western subtropical Atlantic and regenerated into a tropical cyclone, which moved across Florida and the Gulf of Mexico into Louisiana and Texas, causing minimal damage.
Ivan caused an estimated $26.1 billion along its path, of which $20.5 billion occurred in the United States. On September 2, 2004, Tropical Depression Nine formed from a large tropical wave southwest of Cape Verde; as the system moved to the west, it strengthened becoming Tropical Storm Ivan on September 3 and reaching hurricane strength on September 5, 1,150 miles to the east of Tobago. That day, the storm intensified and by 5 pm EDT, Ivan became a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 125 miles per hour; the National Hurricane Center said that the rapid strengthening of Ivan on September 5 was unprecedented at such a low latitude in the Atlantic basin. As it moved east, Ivan weakened because of wind shear in the area; the storm passed over Grenada on September battering several of the Windward Islands. As it entered the Caribbean Sea, Ivan reintensified and became a Category 5 hurricane, just north of the Windward Netherlands Antilles and Aruba on September 9, with winds reaching 160 mph. Ivan weakened as it moved west-northwest towards Jamaica.
As Ivan approached the island late on September 10, it began a westward jog that kept the eye and the strongest winds to the south and west. However, because of its proximity to the Jamaican coast, the island was battered with hurricane-force winds for hours. After passing Cuba, Ivan regained Category 5 strength. Ivan's strength continued to fluctuate as it moved west on September 11, the storm attained its highest winds of 163 mph as it passed within 30 miles of Grand Cayman. Ivan reached its peak strength with a minimum central pressure of 910 millibars on September 12. Ivan passed through the Yucatán Channel late on September 13, while its eyewall affected the westernmost tip of Cuba. Once over the Gulf of Mexico, Ivan weakened to Category 4 strength, which it maintained while approaching the Gulf Coast of the United States. Just before it made landfall in the United States, Ivan's eyewall weakened and its southwestern portion disappeared. Around 2 a.m. CDT September 16, Ivan made landfall on the U.
S. mainland in Alabama, as a Category 3 hurricane with 120 mph winds. Ivan continued inland, maintaining hurricane strength until it was over central Alabama. Ivan weakened that evening and became a tropical depression on the same day, still over Alabama. Ivan lost tropical characteristics on September 18 while crossing Virginia; that day, the remnant low of Ivan drifted off the U. S. mid-Atlantic coast into the Atlantic Ocean, the low-pressure disturbance continued to dump rain on the United States. On September 20, Ivan's remnant surface low completed an anticyclonic loop and moved across the Florida peninsula; as it continued west across the northern Gulf of Mexico, the system reorganized and again took on tropical characteristics. On September 22, the National Weather Service, "after considerable and sometimes animated in-house discussion the demise of Ivan," determined that the low was in fact a result of the remnants of Ivan and thus named it accordingly. On the evening of September 23, the revived Ivan made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana as a tropical depression.
Ivan weakened into a remnant low on September 24. The remnant circulation of Ivan persisted for another day, before dissipating on September 25. Ivan set 18 new records for intensity at low latitudes; when Ivan first became a Category 3 hurricane on September 3, it was centered near 10.2 degrees north from the equator. This is the most southerly location on record for a major hurricane in the Atlantic basin. Just six hours Ivan became the most southerly Category 4 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin when it reached that intensity while located at 10.6 degrees north. At midnight on September 9 while centered at 13.7 degrees north, Ivan became the most southerly Category 5 hurricane on record in the Atlantic basin. The latter record would not be surpassed until Hurricane Matthew in 2016, which reached Category 5 intensity at 13.4 degrees north. Ivan had held the world record of 33 six-hour periods of intensity above Category 4 strength; this record was broken two years by Pacific Hurricane/Typhoon Ioke, which had 36 six-hour periods at Category 4 strength.
This contributed to Ivan's tota
The Wings of a Serf
The Wings of a Serf known as Ivan the Terrible is a 1926 Soviet silent historical film directed by Yuri Tarich and starring Leonid Leonidov, Ivan Klyukvin and Safiyat Askarova. The film's sets were designed by the art director Vladimir Yegorov; the film takes place during the reign of Ivan the Terrible. All-rounder Nikita, serf of the nobleman Kurlyatev, reflecting a great deal regarding free birds once manages to soar into the sky on homemade wings. Nikita gets captured by the oprichnina for supposed communication with Satan, is shackled and sent to the command; however he is remembered from time to time as the master whose crafts amazed the world and is invited to the royal court to fix broken machinery and amuse the high lords. But Nikitka always gets sent to prison with a new penalty is prepared for him... Leonid Leonidov as Tsar Ivan the Terrible Ivan Klyukvin as Nikita, serf-inventor Safiyat Askarova as Tsar's wife Maria Vladimir Korsh as Tsar's son Ivan Nikolai Prozorovsky as Fedor Basmanov, courtier Christie, Ian & Taylor, Richard.
The Film Factory: Russian and Soviet Cinema in Documents 1896-1939. Routledge, 2012; the Wings of a Serf on IMDb
Ivan the Terrible
Ivan IV Vasilyevich known as Ivan the Terrible, was the Grand Prince of Moscow from 1533 to 1547 and the first Tsar of Russia from 1547 to 1584. Ivan was the crown prince of Vasili III, the Rurikid ruler of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, was appointed Grand Prince at three years-old after his father's death. Ivan was proclaimed Tsar of All Rus' in 1547 at the age of seventeen, establishing the Tsardom of Russia with Moscow as the predominant state. Ivan's reign was characterized by Russia's transformation from a medieval state into an empire under the Tsar, though at immense cost to its people and its broader, long-term economy. Ivan conquered the Khanates of Kazan and Sibir, with Russia becoming a multiethnic and multicontinental state spanning 4,050,000 km2, developing a bureaucracy to administer the new territories. Ivan triggered the Livonian War, which ravaged Russia and resulted in the loss of Livonia and Ingria, but allowed him to exercise greater autocratic control over the Russia's nobility, which he violently purged in the Oprichnina.
Ivan was an able diplomat, a patron of arts and trade, the founder of Russia's first publishing house, the Moscow Print Yard. Ivan was popular among Russia's commoners except for the people of Novgorod and surrounding areas who were subject to the Massacre of Novgorod. Historic sources present disparate accounts of Ivan's complex personality: he was described as intelligent and devout, but prone to paranoia and episodic outbreaks of mental instability that increased with age. Ivan is popularly believed to have killed his eldest son and heir Ivan Ivanovich and the latter's unborn son during his outbursts, which left the politically ineffectual Feodor Ivanovich to inherit the throne, whose rule directly led to the end of the Rurikid dynasty and the beginning of the Time of Troubles; the English word terrible is used to translate the Russian word grozny in Ivan's nickname, but this is a somewhat archaic translation. The Russian word grozny reflects the older English usage of terrible as in "inspiring fear or terror.
It does not convey the more modern connotations of English terrible, such as "defective" or "evil". Vladimir Dal defines grozny in archaic usage and as an epithet for tsars: "courageous, magnificent and keeping enemies in fear, but people in obedience". Other translations have been suggested by modern scholars. Ivan was the first son of Vasili III and his second wife, Elena Glinskaya, of half Serbian and half Lipka Tatar descent, the Glinski clan claiming descent from the Mongol ruler Mamai When Ivan was three years old, his father died from an abscess and inflammation on his leg that developed into blood poisoning. Ivan was proclaimed the Grand Prince of Moscow at the request of his father, his mother Elena Glinskaya acted as regent, but she died of what many believe to be assassination by poison, in 1538 when Ivan was only eight years old. The regency alternated between several feuding boyar families fighting for control. According to his own letters, along with his younger brother Yuri felt neglected and offended by the mighty boyars from the Shuisky and Belsky families.
In a letter to Prince Kurbski Ivan remembers, "My brother Iurii, of blessed memory, me they brought up like vagrants and children of the poorest. What have I suffered for want of garments and food!! " It should be noted, that the historian Edward L Keenan has presented compelling reasons to doubt the authenticity of the source in which these quotes are found. On 16 January 1547, at age sixteen, Ivan was crowned with Monomakh's Cap at the Cathedral of the Dormition, he was the first to be crowned as "Tsar of All the Russias", hence claiming the ancestry of Kievan Rus'. Prior to that, rulers of Muscovy were crowned as Grand Princes, although Ivan III the Great, his grandfather, styled himself "tsar" in his correspondence. Two weeks after his coronation, Ivan married his first wife Anastasia Romanovna, a member of the Romanov family, who became the first Russian tsaritsa. By being crowned Tsar, Ivan was sending a message to the world and to Russia: he was now the only supreme ruler of the country, his will was not to be questioned.
"The new title symbolized an assumption of powers equivalent and parallel to those held by former Byzantine Emperor and the Tatar Khan, both known in Russian sources as Tsar. The political effect was to elevate Ivan's position." The new title not only secured the throne, but it granted Ivan a new dimension of power, one intimately tied to religion. He was now a "divine" leader appointed to enact God's will, as "church texts described Old Testament kings as'Tsars' and Christ as the Heavenly Tsar." The newly appointed title was passed on from generation to generation: "succeeding Muscovite rulers... benefited from the divine nature of the power of the Russian monarch... crystallized during Ivan's reign." Despite calamities triggered by the Great Fire of 1547, the early part of Ivan's reign was one of peaceful reforms and modernization. Ivan revised the law code, creating the Sudebnik of 1550, founded a standing army, established the Zemsky Sobor and the council of the nobles, confirmed the position of the Church with the Council of the Hundred Chapters, which unified the rituals and ecclesiastical regulations of the whole c
Ivan the Terrible (1944 film)
Ivan the Terrible is a two-part historical epic film about Ivan IV of Russia and directed by the filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein. It was commissioned by Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, who identified himself with Ivan. Part I was released in 1944. Eisenstein had developed the scenario to require a third part to finish the story but, with the banning of Part II, filming of Part III was stopped. In the prologue Ivan's mother and her lover are murdered by the boyars. Ivan is enthroned as Grand Prince of Moscow. Part I begins amid grumbling from the boyars. Ivan makes a speech proclaiming his intent to unite and protect Russia against the foreign armies outside her borders and the enemies within – a reference to the boyars, who are seen as discontented with his coronation. Shortly after, Ivan marries Anastasia Romanovna and there is a wedding celebration; this causes him to lose the friendship of his two best friends, Prince Andrei Kurbsky and Fyodor Kolychev. The latter receives Ivan's permission to retire to a monastery, while Kurbsky attempts to resume his romance with the Tsarina, who repels his advances.
The marriage feast is interrupted by news of the burning of several boyar palaces, carried into the Tsar's palace by a mob of the common people who complain that the Tsar is being led astray by the Tsarina's family, the Glinskys and the Zakharins. Ivan calms the crowd, but is interrupted by envoys from the khanate of Kazan, who send him a ceremonial knife with the suggestion that he do himself a favor by using it to commit suicide. Ivan proclaims that his kingdom is at war with Kazan; the next scene shows the siege of Kazan, in which Ivan's army digs saps underneath the city and fills them with gunpowder. Kurbsky, nominally in command, is reprimanded by Ivan for senseless brutality; the city of Kazan falls to the Russian army. During his return from Kazan, Ivan falls ill and is thought to be on his deathbed. Ivan sends for his relatives and orders them to swear allegiance to his son, the infant Dmitri, reminding them of the need for a single ruler to keep Russia united, they demur, with Ivan's aunt, Efrosinia Staritskaya urging the others to swear allegiance to her son, instead.
Overwrought, Ivan collapses and is thought dead. The relatives, all begin to swear allegiance to Vladimir, the "boyar tsar" they have hoped for. However, when the Tsarina says, "Do not bury a man before he is dead," Kurbsky realizes that Ivan is still alive, hurriedly swears his allegiance to Ivan's infant son, Dmitri, he is sent, as a reward, to the western border of the kingdom to defend against the Livonians and Poles. At the same time, Ivan dispatches Alexei Basmanov, a commoner he likes, to the south to take care of the Crimean border; the fact that Ivan promotes a commoner over them creates more discontent amongst the boyars. The Tsarina now falls ill, while Ivan is receiving bad news from all fronts, the boyars plot to kill her. Efrosinia comes into the palace with a cup of wine hidden in her robes. Just as the royal couple receive word that Kurbsky has defected to the Livonians, Efrosinia slips the cup of wine into the room and listens from behind a wall; the news that Kurbsky is a traitor gives the Tsarina a convulsion and Ivan, looking around for a drink to calm her, takes the poisoned wine and gives it to her.
The scene changes to show the dead Tsarina lying in state in the cathedral, with Ivan mourning beside her bier. While a monk reads biblical verses over the body, Ivan questions his own justifications and ability to rule, wondering if his wife's death is God's punishment on him. However, he pulls himself out of it, sends for Kolychev. At this point, Alexei Basmanov arrives, suggesting that Ivan surround himself with men he can trust – common people, "iron men," the Oprichniki – and offers his son, for service. Ivan accepts, sets about recouping his losses, he abdicates and leaves Moscow, waiting until the people beg him to return, saying that he now rules with absolute power by the will of the people. Part II opens in the court of King Sigismund of Poland. Sigismund promises to make Kurbsky ruler of Ivan's territories, once he exploits the tsar's absence by conquering them; the plan is foiled. Ivan begins by reforming the land distribution: he takes the boyars' lands reinstalls them as managers, increasing his own power at their expense.
His friend, arrives, now the monk Philip. This is mutually agreed upon, but as soon as it is settled, propelled by his lieutenant Malyuta Skuratov, finds a way around this: he executes condemned men before Philip can use his right. In this way he has three of Philip's kinsmen executed. Fyodor Basmanov, the first of the Oprichniki, helps Ivan figure out that the Tsarina was poisoned, both suspect Efrosinia of poisoning the cup of wine. Ivan orders Fyodor not to say
Ivan Basso is an Italian former professional road bicycle racer who last raced with UCI ProTeam Tinkoff–Saxo. Basso, nicknamed Ivan the Terrible, was considered among the best mountain riders in the professional field in the early 21st century, was considered one of the strongest stage race riders, he is a double winner of the Giro d'Italia, having won the 2006 edition and the 2010 edition of the Italian Grand Tour whilst riding for Team CSC in 2006 and for Liquigas in 2010. However, in 2007 Basso was suspended for two years, his suspension ended on 24 October 2008, he returned to racing two days in the Japan Cup, where he placed a close third behind Damiano Cunego and Giovanni Visconti. He returned to racing in his home tour, in 2010 he won his second Giro d'Italia while riding for Liquigas-Domo, winning two stages along the way, he was born in the province of Varese in Lombardy. There he grew up next door to Claudio Chiappucci, a former three-time stage winner in the Tour de France, suspended for two years after being proven guilty of doping several times.
As an amateur, he finished second in the 1995 junior World Championships and his first big result was winning the U-23 World Championships in 1998. In his youth he fiercely competed with fellow Italian riders Giuliano Figueras and Danilo Di Luca who proclaimed he would have won the U-23 World Championship himself had it not been for the team tactics. Before Basso could turn professional, his parents wanted to see him finish his Technical Geometry studies, he turned professional with Davide Boifava's Riso Scotti-Vinavil team in 1999, where he rode his first Giro d'Italia. He did not finish the three-week race. In 2000, with the team now called Amica Chips-Tacconi Sport, he won his first professional victories in the 2000 Regio-Tour. In 2001, he moved to Fassa Bortolo under the guidance of sporting director Giancarlo Ferretti, he scored several notable victories in 2001, he made his Tour de France debut in the 2001 edition. His attack on the Bastille Day stage prompted a five-man break-away which rode for the victory, but Basso crashed on a mountain descent and was forced to abandon the race.
His next two years were devoid of significant wins though he had promising rides in the Tour de France. In the 2002 edition of the Tour de France, Basso finished 11th overall and won the young rider classification, the award presented to the best-placed rider in the general classification under the age of 25, he impressed again in the 2003 Tour, finishing seventh overall in spite of receiving little help from his Fassa Bortolo teammates who, after dedicating their efforts in the first part of the race to help Alessandro Petacchi win four stages, had to pull out due to food poisoning, leaving only two riders to help Basso. Despite his good results as the best placed Italian rider in the Tour de France, he was behind fellow Italian teammate Dario Frigo in the Fassa Bortolo pecking order for the biggest race in Italy, the Giro. After the promising start to his Fassa Bortolo career, Basso's relationship with Ferretti turned sour. Basso failed to respond well to the management methods of the "iron sergeant" who thought Basso did not win enough races.
Apart from the individual time trial stages, Basso had only lost around a single minute to winner Lance Armstrong in the 2003 Tour, he was not short of new team offers. Despite strong rumors sending him to team U. S. Postal Service, Ivan Basso moved to Team CSC for the 2004 season, under guidance of team manager Bjarne Riis. At Team CSC, Basso was to fill the role as team captain, which Tyler Hamilton had left vacant at the Danish outfit, with the main aim to be a challenger in the Tour de France. Ivan Basso's weakness was the time trial and before the 2004 season he and teammate Carlos Sastre trained in a wind tunnel at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to improve their aerodynamic positioning on the bike; the time trial skill of Ivan Basso was one of the main points of improvements over the next years. Basso looked impressive in the 2004 Tour de France, winning stage 12 ahead of eventual winner Lance Armstrong, his first victory since 2001, his overall time was hurt by poor time trial results: he only finished 8th on the stage 16 time trial up the mountain Alpe d'Huez, where he was caught and passed by Armstrong, 6th in the stage 19 time trial.
In all, he lost 13 seconds in the two stages. His time loss on the last time trial sent Basso down to third place behind Andreas Klöden, Basso finished 6:40 behind overall winner Armstrong, he ended the season, participating with the Italian national team in the 2004 World Championships in Verona, helping fellow Italian Luca Paolini get a Bronze Medal. In the off-season, Team CSC was in a financial struggle; as Bjarne Riis let riders who received superior offers from other teams leave, Basso did not move to team Discovery Channel though an economically more lucrative contract was proposed. January 2005 saw the death of Basso's mother. Basso went on to focus in her memory, as his main aim for that season. By both focusing on winning the Giro and the Tour, he was going against the trend of only aiming for one big race a season, a tactic most notably employed by Lance Armstrong. Basso wore the pink jersey as leader of the General classification in the Giro d'Italia until severe stomach problems caused him to lose the lead on stage 13 on the Passo delle Erbe.
He lost another 40 minutes during the 14th stage, a mountain stage which included the Stelvio Pass, thus ended his bid for overall honors. No longer dangerous to the other mai
Ivan the Terrible (novel)
Ivan the Terrible is a children's novel by Anne Fine, published in 2007. It won the Nestlé Children's Book Prize Silver Award, it is Ivan's first day of school. He can only speak Russian and it's Boris's job to look after him and translate for him. St Edmund's is a civilized school. Boris knows. Chris Stephenson, of Carousel, reviewed the book saying "To work the book required a delicate balancing-act and Anne Fine, a consummate high-wire performer, doesn't put a foot wrong." Vanessa Curtis, of The Herald, reviewed the book saying ""Fine's writing is comic, her characters are well-drawn and there is a neat twist at the end..." Nicolette Jones, of Sunday Times, reviewed the book saying "...delightfully spiky......irreverent comedy..."