American Music Awards
The American Music Awards is an annual American music awards show held in the Fall, created by Dick Clark in 1973 for ABC when the network's contract to air the Grammy Awards expired. It is the first of the Big Three music award shows held annually. Unlike the Grammys, which are awarded on the basis of votes by members of the Recording Academy, the AMAs are determined by a poll of the public and fans, who can vote through the AMAs website; the award statuette is manufactured by New York firm Society Awards. The AMAs was created by Dick Clark in 1973 to compete with the Grammy Awards after the move of that year's show to Nashville, Tennessee led to CBS picking up the Grammy telecasts after its first two in 1971 and 1972 were broadcast on ABC. In 2014, American network Telemundo acquired the rights to produce a Spanish-language version of the American Music Awards and launched the Latin American Music Awards in 2015. While the Grammy Awards are awarded based on votes by members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the AMAs are determined by a poll of music buyers and the public.
The American Music Awards have nominations based on sales, activity on social networks, video viewing. Before 2010 had nominations based only on sales and airplay and nominated every work if old; the Grammys have nominations based on vote of the Academy and only nominate a work from their eligibility period that changes often. The first hosts for the first telecast of the AMAs were Helen Reddy, Roger Miller, Smokey Robinson. Helen Reddy not only hosted the show but became the first female artist to win an AMA for Favorite Pop/Rock Female artist. For the first decade or so, the AMAs had multiple hosts, each representing a genre of music. For instance, Glen Campbell would host the country portion, while other artists would co-host to represent his/her genre. In recent years, there has been one single host. In 1991, Keenen Ivory Wayans became the first Hollywood actor to host the AMAs. From its inception in 1973 until 2003, the AMAs have been held in mid- to late-January, but were moved to November beginning in 2003 so as not to further compete with other major awards shows and allows for ABC to have a well-rated awards show during November sweeps.
For the 2008 awards, Jimmy Kimmel hosted for the fourth consecutive year. In 2009–2012, there was no host for the first time in history. Instead, the AMAs followed the Grammys' lead in having various celebrities give introductions. However, rapper Pitbull hosted 2014 ceremony. Jennifer Lopez hosted the 2015 show. Gigi Hadid and Jay Pharoah hosted the 2016 show. Tracee Ellis Ross hosted the show in 2017 and 2018. Between 2012 and 2014, as part of a marketing strategy for Samsung, the American Music Awards used the lock screen wallpaper of Samsung Galaxy smartphones rather than envelopes to reveal winners. A magnetic screen cover on each phone kept the wallpaper image with the winner's name secret until opened. In August 2018, Dick Clark Productions announced a two-year sponsorship and content partnership with YouTube Music; the record for most American Music Awards won is held by Michael Jackson, who has amassed twenty-six awards. The record for most American Music Awards won by a group belongs to Alabama, who have collected twenty-three awards.
For a female artist, the record for most American Music Awards won belongs to Taylor Swift who has won twenty-three awards. The record for the most American Music Awards won in a single year is held by Michael Jackson and Whitney Houston, each with 8 awards to their credit. Michael Jackson 8 Whitney Houston 8 The following list shows the artists with most wins in each category, adapted from the AMAs official website. Artist of the Year: Taylor Swift Song of the Year: Kenny Rogers The Song of the Year record holder accounts for all previous single category winners. Favorite Male Artist – Pop/Rock: Barry Manilow, Eric Clapton, Michael Bolton, Michael Jackson and Justin Bieber Favorite Female Artist – Pop/Rock: Olivia Newton-John and Whitney Houston Favorite Duo or Group – Pop/Rock: Aerosmith, The Black Eyed Peas, Hall & Oates and One Direction Favorite Album – Pop/Rock: Michael Jackson and Justin Bieber Favorite Male Artist – Country: Garth Brooks Favorite Female Artist – Country: Reba McEntire Favorite Duo or Group – Country: Alabama Favorite Album – Country: Kenny Rogers, Carrie Underwood Favorite Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop: Eminem The Favorite Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop record holder accounts for all previous Favorite Female Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop and Favorite Male Artist – Rap/Hip-Hop category winners.
Favorite Album – Rap/Hip-Hop: Nicki Minaj Favorite Male Artist – Soul/R&B: Luther Vandross Favorite Female Artist – Soul/R&B: Rihanna Favorite Album – Soul/R&B: Michael Jackson Favorite Artist – Alternative Rock: Linkin Park Favorite Artist – Adult Contemporary: Celine Dion Favorite Artist – Latin Music: Enrique Iglesias Favorite Artist – Contemporary Inspirational: Casting Crowns Favorite Artist – Electronic Dance Music: Calvin Harris and The Chainsmokers The American Music Award of Merit has been awarded to thirty two artists, the latest being Sting. The International Artist Award of Excellence has been awarded to seven artists: Michael Jackson
MTV Video Music Award
An MTV Video Music Award is an award presented by the cable channel MTV to honor the best in the music video medium. Conceived as an alternative to the Grammy Awards, the annual MTV Video Music Awards ceremony has been called the "Super Bowl for youth", an acknowledgment of the VMA ceremony's ability to draw millions of youth from teens to 20-somethings each year. By 2001, the VMA had become a coveted award; the statue given to winners is an astronaut on the moon, one of the earliest representations of MTV, was colloquially called a "moonman". However, in 2017 Chris McCarthy, the President of MTV, stated that the statue would be called a "Moon Person" from on; the statue was conceived by Manhattan Design—also designers of the original MTV logo—based on the 1981 "Top of the Hour" animation created by Fred Seibert, produced by Alan Goodman, produced by Buzz Potamkin at Buzzco Associates. The statue is now made by Society Awards. Since the 2006 ceremony, viewers are able to vote for their favorite videos in all general categories by visiting MTV's website.
The annual VMA ceremony occurs before the end of summer and held either in late August or mid-September, broadcast live on MTV, along with simulcasts on MTV's sister networks to nullify in-house competition. The first VMA ceremony was held in 1984 at New York City's Radio City Music Hall; the ceremonies are held in either New York City or Los Angeles. However, the ceremonies have been hosted in Miami and Las Vegas. 1984: At the first MTV Video Music Awards in 1984, Madonna performed her hit "Like a Virgin" wearing a combination bustier/wedding gown, including her trademark "Boy Toy" belt. During the performance, she rolled around on revealing lacy stockings and a garter. Cyndi Lauper spoke in "Exorcist-esque gibberish" to explain the VMA rules right before winning the Best Female video for "Girls Just Want to Have Fun". David Bowie, The Beatles and director Richard Lester were rewarded with the first Video Vanguard Awards for their work in pioneering the music video. 1987: At the fourth annual MTV Video Music Awards, Peter Gabriel won 10 awards, including the Video Vanguard Award and Video of the Year for his video "Sledgehammer", holding the VMA record for most Moonmen in a single night.
1988: At the 1988 Video Music Awards Michael Jackson appeared for the first time. A pre-recorded live performance of Bad was shown." He was awarded the Video Vanguard Award.1989: Controversial comic Andrew Dice Clay's appearance at the 1989 Video Music Awards to promote his new movie, The Adventures of Ford Fairlane, earned him a "lifetime ban" from the network when he introduced Cher with some of his already-notorious nursery rhymes that contained vulgar language and references. After performing with Tom Petty, Guns N' Roses guitarist Izzy Stradlin was assaulted by Mötley Crüe lead singer Vince Neil, leading to a verbal battle between Neil and Guns N' Roses lead singer Axl Rose. Jon Bon Jovi and Richie Sambora turned out a stripped down acoustic performance of the Bon Jovi hits "Wanted Dead or Alive and "Livin' on a Prayer", in the process provided the inspirational spark for MTV Unplugged. Paula Abdul was nominated for six awards, she performed a seven-minute medley of her singles "Straight Up", "Cold Hearted", "Forever Your Girl".
When Madonna won the Viewer's Choice Award for her "Like a Prayer" video, she thanked Pepsi-Cola in her acceptance speech "for causing so much controversy". Pepsi-Cola had paid Madonna $5 million to appear in a commercial that would predominantly feature the world premiere of "Like a Prayer"; the tone that the commercial sought to convey contrasted with the music video. When Pepsi executives saw the video, they yanked the advertisement after only two airings, in an attempt to dissociate themselves from Madonna, she gave one of the most memorable performances of her hit "Express Yourself", as a preview of what would become her Blond Ambition World Tour. 1990: At the 1990 MTV Video Music Awards, Madonna gave a memorable performance of her single "Vogue," which featured Madonna and her dancers dressed in an 18th-century French theme, with Madonna bearing great resemblance to Marie Antoinette. The performance consisted of both a dramatic 18th-century reinterpretation of "Vogue" as well as her becorseted breasts.1991: During the award show the MTV Video Vanguard Award was renamed to the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award from on, in honor of his contributions to the culture of music videos by changing them from a mere promotional tool featuring musicians playing instruments and singing, to a "short film" with a storyline.
His video "Thriller" changed music videos into what it is like today. A conflict between Poison's Bret Michaels and C. C. DeVille culminated in a fistfight at the Video Music Awards in 1991. DeVille was replaced by Pennsylvanian guitarist Richie Kotzen. Paul Reubens had his first public appearance, during the opening montage, following an arrest for lewd-conduct earlier that year. Taking the stage in costume as Pee-wee Herman, he received a standing ovation, after which he asked the audience, "Heard any good jokes lately?" After his appearance, Van Halen made their television debut, performing "Poundcake." Metallica was another highlight of the performances with "Enter Sandman." Prince & The New Power Generation performed their sexually charged song "Gett Off" on a Caligula-esque set, with Prince dressed in a yellow mesh outfit which infamously exposed his buttocks. His trousers were parodied numerous times throughout the following year, on
Lynsey de Paul
Lynsey de Paul was an English singer-songwriter. She had chart hits in the UK and Europe in the 1970s, starting with the UK top 10 single "Sugar Me", becoming the first British female artist to achieve a number one with a self-written song, she represented the UK in the Eurovision Song Contest, scoring another chart topping hit in Switzerland and had a successful career as an Ivor Novello Award-winning composer, record producer and television celebrity. Lyndsey Monckton Rubin was born to a property developer, they were a Jewish family with a Dutch and German background, had one other child, John. De Paul claimed that she and her brother suffered physical abuse at the hands of their father, she attended South Hampstead High School followed by Hornsey College of Art, now part of Middlesex University. Three of her earliest songs were co-written with Don Gould and recorded by Oliver! Performer Jack Wild: "Takin' It Easy" and "Bring Yourself Back To Me" from the album Everything's Coming Up Roses, released in 1971.
"Bring Yourself Back To Me" was the B-side to Wild's 1971 US single " Everything's Coming Up Roses". Another song co-penned by her, this time with Edward Adamberry, called "E. O. I. O.", was recorded by Wild as a track on his 1972 album A Beautiful World, released as a single by The Beads as well as an album track "Io... Aio" by the Italian group I Domodossola on their album "D... Come Domodossola". After these initial successes, she was contracted to ATV-Kirshner music publishing by Eddie Levy when she was 18 years old. ATV Music was located above the Peter Robinson's store on Oxford Street, where she joined a group of professional songwriters that included Barry Blue and Ron Roker, resulting in revenues from songs recorded by other artists. One of their earliest songs was "Sugarloaf Hill", recorded by the reggae artist, Del Davis and released on the CD "Trojan Carnival Box Set" in 2003Her first major breakthrough came early in 1972 as the co-writer of the Fortunes' Top 10 UK hit "Storm in a Teacup".
De Paul performed the song the same year on the BBC's The Two Ronnies. Around this time, she had chart success in the Netherlands as the writer of "On the Ride", a Top 30 hit by the Continental Uptight Band, "When You've Gotta Go", an Australian chart hit recorded and released by Solomon King. All three songs credited her as'L. Rubin'. Other notable songs from this period included "Papa Do", released by Barry Green as a single, made the lower reaches of the French singles chart, as well as "Crossword Puzzle" co-penned with Barry Green and which led to an appearance on Top of the Pops for the Irish singer Dana. "Crossword Puzzle" peaked at no. 2 on the Bangkok singles chart. De Paul's own versions of both of these two songs would be found as tracks on her debut album, Surprise. "Boomerang", the B-side to "Papa Do" and another de Paul/Blue collaboration was released as a single in the UK by "The Young Generation" and performed on their BBC prime time TV show while a French version was released by "Jane and Julie".
In an interview with Cash Box, in early 1972, Don Kirshner said "We are looking for another Carole King. We think we found her in Lynsey Rubin." De Paul was a reluctant performer. She wrote the song "Sugar Me" for Peter Noone, but her boyfriend at the time, Dudley Moore, suggested that she should take a demo version to Gordon Mills, who urged her to record it herself. Explaining her change of name, she said: "There had been the massacre at the Munich Olympics and I was told that it would be better not to have a Jewish name. I took De from my mother’s maiden name, De Groot, my father’s middle name was Paul”. Released as a single, "Sugar Me" reached the Top 10 of the UK Singles Chart, as well as the top of the singles charts in the Netherlands and Belgium; the arrangement featured a distinctive piano counter-melody motif as well as Hammond organ backing and a violin solo as well as a distinctive whip-crack. "Sugar Me" was covered in the US by Nancy Sinatra and Claudine Longet, by other musicians.
This was the start of de Paul becoming a regular TV fixture over the next five years. Her follow-up single to "Sugar Me" was "Getting a Drag", which reach the UK top 20, as well as being a hit in the official German singles chart, she appeared on the first episode of the German music show Musikladen on 13 December 1972, where she performed her two German hit singles "Sugar Me" and "Getting a Drag", as well as a few weeks performing "Doctor, Doctor", which would appear on her debut album a few months later. She was listed as the best female artist of 1972 by Record Mirror, as well as the third best female singer in the 1973 New Musical Express music poll. In March 1973, her first album, was released on the MAM label; as well as writing or co-writing all of the songs on Surprise, de Paul was the producer for all of the tracks. In his recent autobiography, label mate Tom Jones wrote "We had Lynsey de Paul, a big star, though she fell out with Gordon for wanting to produce her own records"; that year, after "All Night", her third single, co-written with Ron Roker and released on the MAM label, failed to chart in the UK, de Paul returned to the UK Top 20 with "Won't Somebody Dance With Me", a hit in Ireland and the Netherlands and covered in the USA.
According to an interview with Michael Robson, featured in the liner notes to "Sugar and Beyond"
Joris de Man
Joris Maarten de Man, known as Joris de Man, is a Dutch composer and sound designer, well known for his work on the video games Killzone and Horizon Zero Dawn. His first work involving video games was chip music written for Atari computers under the moniker "Scavenger." He was employed as a freelance composer writing for CD-i games in The Netherlands. He spent 3 years working in London for the Bitmap Brothers on sound music composition. In 1999 he found work with Guerrilla Games, he has written music for various film and television projects. He lead the composition of the soundtrack for Horizon Zero Dawn, along with The Flight and Niels van der Leest and De Man has composed a new soundtrack for Vainglory new 5v5 game mode. Joris de Man won the Ivor Novello Award for Best Original Video Game Score for Killzone 2.. In 2018, he won the award a second time for his work on Horizon Zero Dawn.. Joris de Man on IMDb The Flight
Amy Jade Winehouse was an English singer and songwriter. She was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul and blues, jazz. Winehouse's debut album, was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the Mercury Prize, her follow-up album, Back to Black, led to five 2008 Grammy Awards, tying the record for the most wins by a female artist in a single night, made her the first British woman to win five Grammys, including three of the General Field "Big Four" Grammy Awards: Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year. Winehouse won three Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters and Authors: in 2004, Best Contemporary Song for "Stronger Than Me", she won the 2007 Brit Award for Best British Female Artist, having been nominated for Best British Album, with Back to Black. Winehouse died of alcohol poisoning on 23 July 2011, at the age of 27, her album Back to Black posthumously became, for a time, the UK's best-selling album of the 21st century.
It is listed as one of the best-selling albums in UK chart history. Amy Winehouse was born in Chase Farm Hospital, in north London, to Jewish parents, her father, Mitchell "Mitch" Winehouse, was a window panel installer and a taxi driver. Winehouse's ancestors were Russian Polish Jewish immigrants to London. Amy had an older brother and the family lived in London's Southgate area, where she attended Osidge Primary School. Winehouse as a child attended a Jewish Sunday school. After she rose to fame, during an interview she expressed her dismissal towards the school by saying that she used to beg her father to allow her not to go and that she learned nothing about being Jewish by going anyway. In the same interview, Winehouse said she only went to a synagogue once a year on Yom Kippur "out of respect". Many of Winehouse's maternal uncles were professional jazz musicians. Amy's paternal grandmother, was a singer and dated the English jazz saxophonist Ronnie Scott, she and Amy's parents influenced Amy's interest in jazz.
Her father, Mitch sang Frank Sinatra songs to her, whenever she got chastised at school, she would sing "Fly Me to the Moon" before going up to the headmistress to be told off. Winehouse's parents separated when she was nine, she lived with her mother and stayed with her father and his girlfriend in Hatfield Heath, Essex, on weekends. In 1992, her grandmother Cynthia suggested that Amy attend the Susi Earnshaw Theatre School, where she went on Saturdays to further her vocal education and to learn to tap dance, she attended the school for four years and founded a short-lived rap group called Sweet'n' Sour, with Juliette Ashby, her childhood friend, before seeking full-time training at Sylvia Young Theatre School. Winehouse was expelled at 14 for "not applying herself" and for piercing her nose. Sylvia Young has denied this—"She changed schools at 15... I've heard. I'd never have expelled Amy" --, she appeared in an episode of The Fast Show, 1997, with other children from the Sylvia Young School and attended the Mount School, Mill Hill.
After toying around with her brother Alex's guitar, Winehouse bought her own when she was 14 and began writing music a year later. Soon after, she began working for a living, including, at one time, as an entertainment journalist for the World Entertainment News Network, in addition to singing with local group the Bolsha Band. In July 2000, she became the featured female vocalist with the National Youth Jazz Orchestra. Amy's best friend, soul singer Tyler James, sent her demo tape to an A&R person. Winehouse signed to Simon Fuller's 19 Management in 2002 and was paid £250 a week against future earnings. While being developed by the management company, she was kept as a recording industry secret although she was a regular jazz standards singer at the Cobden Club, her future A&R representative at Island, Darcus Beese, heard of her by accident when the manager of The Lewinson Brothers showed him some productions of his clients, which featured Winehouse as key vocalist. When he asked who the singer was, the manager told him.
Having decided that he wanted to sign her, it took several months of asking around for Beese to discover who the singer was. However, Winehouse had recorded a number of songs and signed a publishing deal with EMI by this time. Incidentally, she formed a working relationship with producer Salaam Remi through these record publishers. Beese introduced Winehouse to his boss, Nick Gatfield, the Island head shared his enthusiasm in signing the young artist. Winehouse was signed to Island, as rival interest in Winehouse had started to build to include representatives of EMI and Virgin starting to make moves. Beese told HitQuarters that he felt the excitement over an artist, an atypical pop star for the time was due to a backlash against reality TV music shows, which included audiences starved for fresh, genuine young talent. Winehouse's debut album, was released on 20 October 2003. Produced by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers, Winehouse co-wrote every song; the album received positive reviews with compliments o
Academy of Country Music Awards
The Academy of Country Music Awards known as the ACM Awards, were first held in 1966, honoring the industry's accomplishments during the previous year. It was the first country music awards program held by a major organization; the Academy's signature "hat" trophy was first created in 1968. The awards were first televised in 1972 on ABC. In 1979, the Academy joined with Dick Clark Productions to produce the show. Dick Clark and Al Schwartz served as producers. Under their guidance, the show moved to NBC and to CBS, where it remains today. In 2003, the awards show left Los Angeles and moved to Las Vegas at the Mandalay Bay Events Center through 2005; the Academy adopted a sleeker, modern version of the "hat" trophy in 2003, now made by the New York City firm Society Awards. In 2004, the organization implemented online awards voting for its professional members, becoming the first televised awards show to do so. Entertainer of the Year was a fan-voted award for eight years, until 2016, when the ACM announced its decision to abandon Internet-voting for it and the three new-artist categories.
The show was moved to the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas from 2006 through 2014 before relocating to AT&T Stadium in Arlington, Texas, in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex in 2015 to celebrate its 50th anniversary. The 2015 show broke the Guinness record for Most Attended Awards Show, with 70,252; the show returned to the MGM Grand Garden Arena in 2016 moved to the new T-Mobile Arena in 2017. In 2018, the ACM Awards returned to the MGM Grand Garden Arena, it was announced on February 20, 2019, that the show would be held again at the MGM Grand Garden Area with the return of Reba McEntire as the hostess for her 16th time. Voting members of the Academy of Country Music elect the nominees. In 2016, after an eight-year experiment intended to improve consumer engagement, the ACM announced its decision of abandon fan-voting for Entertainer of the Year and its three new-artist categories, thanks to the cost of participation and several rifts that had developed among artists; the program was controversial from the start and included the web ballot stuffing encouragement infamous among awards of the same type presented in other ceremonies.
Kenny Chesney, after winning the first fan vote for entertainer in 2008, criticized the process backstage, complaining that instead of acknowledging artists' hard work, the vote had devolved into a marketing contest that rewarded people for "seeing how hard you can push people's buttons on the Internet." The winner, for example, of entertainer will now be voted on by the same people who select the male or female vocalist winner. The most prestigious awards are for "Artist of the Decade" and "Entertainer of the Year." There are a number of other awards to recognize male and female vocalists, videos and musicians. The awards are presented in April or May and recognize achievement for the previous year. Source: 2010s: Jason Aldean 2000s: George Strait 1990s: Garth Brooks 1980s: Alabama 1970s: Loretta Lynn 1960s: Marty Robbins The Triple-Crown Award is an elite honor, presented to only eight country artists in the history of the Academy of Country Music Awards; the honor distinguishes the achievement of an artist, duo or group upon receiving the New Artist, Male/Female Vocalist and Entertainer of the Year awards.
Among the recipients, Carrie Underwood received it at the ACM Awards, while Jason Aldean at the Annual ACM Honors. The following list shows the seven artists that have won the award and the first year winning each of the categories required. Country Music Association Country Music Hall of Fame Grand Ole Opry Academy of Country Music – Official Website
10cc are an English rock band founded in Stockport, who achieved their greatest commercial success in the 1970s. The band consisted of four musicians – Graham Gouldman, Eric Stewart, Kevin Godley, Lol Creme – who had written and recorded together for some three years, before assuming the name "10cc" in 1972. 10cc featured two songwriting teams, one "commercial" and one "artistic". Stewart and Gouldman were predominantly pop songwriters, who created most of the band's accessible songs. By way of contrast and Creme were the predominantly experimental half of 10cc, featuring an "art school" sensibility and cinematically-inspired writing; every member of 10cc was a multi-instrumentalist, singer and producer, the writing teams switched partners, so that Godley/Gouldman or Creme/Stewart compositions were not uncommon. After Godley and Creme left the band in 1976, Gouldman and Stewart were the main creative forces behind 10cc. Stewart left the band after 1995 and Gouldman continues to lead a touring version of 10cc.
Most of the band's albums were recorded at their own Strawberry Studios in Stockport and Strawberry Studios in Dorking, with most of those engineered by Stewart. 10cc was co-managed by Ric Dixon and Harvey Lisberg at Kennedy Street, who had represented the individual members of the band since the mid-1960s. Three of the founding members of 10cc were childhood friends in the Manchester area; as boys and Creme knew each other. Their first recorded collaboration was in 1964, when Gouldman's band The Whirlwinds recorded the Lol Creme composition, "Baby Not Like You", as the B-side of their only single, "Look At Me"; the Whirlwinds changed members and name, becoming The Mockingbirds. The Mockingbirds recorded five singles in 1965–66 without any success, before dissolving; the guitarist in both The Whirlwinds and The Mockingbirds was Stephen Jacobson, brother of well-known writer Howard Jacobson. In June 1967, Godley and Creme reunited and recorded a solitary single under the name "The Yellow Bellow Room Boom".
In 1969, Gouldman took them to a Marmalade Records recording session. The boss Giorgio Gomelsky was impressed with Godley's falsetto voice and offered them a recording contract. In September 1969, Godley & Creme recorded some basic tracks at Strawberry Studios, with Stewart on guitar and Gouldman on bass; the song, "I'm Beside Myself" b/w "Animal Song", was issued as a single, credited to Frabjoy and Runcible Spoon. Gomelsky planned to market Creme as a duo, in the vein of Simon & Garfunkel. Plans for an album by Frabjoy and Runcible Spoon faltered, when Marmalade ran out of funds. Solo tracks by Godley and Gouldman, however - both involved Stewart and Creme — were released on a 1969 Marmalade Records compilation album, 100 Proof. Gouldman's track was "The Late Mr. Late". Gouldman, had made a name for himself as a hit songwriter, penning "Heart Full of Soul", "Evil Hearted You" and "For Your Love" for The Yardbirds, "Look Through Any Window" and "Bus Stop" for The Hollies and "No Milk Today", "East West" and "Listen People" for Herman's Hermits.
Meanwhile, the fourth future member of 10cc was tasting significant pop music success: guitarist Eric Stewart was a member of Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders, a group that hit No.1 with "The Game of Love", scored a number of other mid-1960s hits. When Fontana left the band in October 1965, the group became known as The Mindbenders, with Stewart as their lead vocalist; the band scored a hit with "A Groovy Kind of Love" and made an appearance in the 1967 film To Sir, with Love with "It's Getting Harder All the Time" and "Off and Running." In March 1968, Gouldman joined Stewart in The Mindbenders, replacing bassist Bob Lang and playing on some tour dates. Gouldman wrote two of the band's last three singles, "Schoolgirl" and "Uncle Joe the Ice Cream Man"; those singles did not chart and The Mindbenders broke up after a short tour of England in November. In the dying days of The Mindbenders, Stewart began recording demos of new material at Inner City Studios, a Stockport studio owned by Peter Tattersall, a former road manager for Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas.
In July 1968, Stewart joined Tattersall as a partner in the studio, where he could further hone his skills as a recording engineer. In October 1968, the studio was moved to bigger premises and renamed Strawberry Studios, after The Beatles' "Strawberry Fields Forever". In 1969, Gouldman began using Strawberry to record demos of songs he was writing for Marmalade, he had become much more in demand as a songwriter than as a performer. By the end of the year, he too was a financial partner in the studios. By 1969, all four members of the original 10cc line-up were working together at Strawberry Studios. Around the same time, noted American bubblegum pop writer-producers Jerry Kasenetz and Jeffry Katz of Super K Productions came to England and commissioned Gouldman to write and produce formula bubblegum songs, many of which were recorded at Strawberry Studios, were either augmented or performed by varying combinations of the future 10cc line-up. Among the recordings from this period was "Sausalito", a No. 86 US hit credited to Ohio Express and released in July 1969.
In fact the song featured Gouldman on lead vocal, vocal