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Ixia

Ixia is a genus of cormous plants native to South Africa from the family Iridaceae. Some of them are known as the corn lily; some distinctive traits include long wiry stems with star-shaped flowers. It prefers well-drained soil; the popular corn lily has specific, not intense fragrance. It is visited by many insects such as bees; the Ixia are used sometimes as ornamental plants. The genus name is derived from the Ancient Greek ἰξία, the pine thistle, Carlina gummifera, an unrelated plant in the daisy family, Asteraceae; the genus Ixia includes the following species: Ixia aurea J. C. Manning & Goldblatt Ixia acaulis Goldblatt & J. C. Manning Ixia brevituba G. J. Lewis Ixia brunneobractea G. J. Lewis Ixia campanulata Houtt. Ixia capillaris L. f. Ixia cochlearis G. J. Lewis Ixia collina Goldbl. & Snijman Ixia curta Andr Ixia curvata G. J. Lewis Ixia dubia Vent. Ixia erubescens Goldbl. Ixia esterhuyseniae De Vos Ixia flexuosa L. Ixia frederickii De Vos Ixia fucata Ixia fucata Ker-Gawl, var. filifolia G. J. Lewis Ixia fucata Ker-Gawl.

Var. fucata Ixia gloriosa G. J Lewis Ixia latifolia Ixia latifolia Delaroche var. angustifolia G. J. Lewis Ixia latifolia Delaroche var. curviramosa G. J. Lewis Ixia latifolia Delaroche var. latifolia Ixia latifolia Delaroche var. parviflora G. J. Lewis Ixia latifolia Delaroche var. ramulosa G. J. Lewis Ixia leipoldtii G. J. Lewis Ixia leucantha Jacq. Ixia longituba N. E. Br. Ixia longituba N. E. Br. var. bellendenii R. C. Foster Ixia longituba N. E. Br. var. longituba Ixia lutea Eckl. var. lutea Ixia lutea Eckl. var. ovata B. Nord Ixia maculata Ixia maculata L. var. fusco-citrina G. J. Lewis Ixia maculata L. var. intermedia G. J. Lewis Ixia maculata L. var. maculata Ixia marginifolia G. J Lewis Ixia metelerkampiae L. Bol. Ixia micranda Ixia micranda Bak. var. confusa G. J Lewis Ixia micranda Bak. var. micranda Ixia micranda Bak. var. minor G. J Lewis Ixia monadelpha Delaroche Ixia mostertii De Vos Ixia odorata Ker-Gawl var. hesperanthoides G. J Lewis Ixia odorata Ker-Gawl var. odorata Ixia orientalis L. Bol. Ixia paniculata Delaroche Ixia patens Ixia patensAit.

Var. linearifolia G. J Lewis Ixia patens Ait var. patens Ixia pauciflora G. J Lewis Ixia polystachya Ixia polystachya L. var. crassifolia G. J Lewis Ixia polystachya L. var. lutea G. J Lewis Ixia polystachya M. De Vos var. longistylus var. nova Ixia polystachya L. var. polystachya Ixia pumilio Goldbl. & Snijman Ixia purpureorosea G. J Lewis Ixia rapunculoides Ixia rapunculoides Del. var. flaccida G. J Lewis Ixia rapuncuolides Del. var. namaquana G. J Lewis Ixia rapunculoides Del. var. rapunculoides Ixia rapunculoides Del. var. rigida G. J Lewis Ixia rapunculoides Del. var. robusta G. J Lewis Ixia rapunculoides Del. var subpendula G. J. Lewis Ixia rouxii G. J Lewis Ixia scillaris L. var. scillaris Ixia scillaris L. var. subundulata G. J Lewis Ixia splendida G. J. Lewis Ixia stohriae L. Bol. Ixia stolonifera G. J Lewis Ixia stricta G. J Lewis Ixia tenuifolia Vahl. Ixia thomasiae Goldblo. Ixia trifolia G. J Lewis FP Ixia trinervata G. J Lewis Ixia vanzijliae L. Bol. Ixia versicolor G. J Lewis Ixia vinacea G. J Lewis Ixia viridiflora Lam.

Ixia viridiflora Lam. var minor De Vos Ixia viridiflora Lam. var viridflora Thunb. Pink, A.. Gardening for the Million. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation

Oedipodea

The Oedipodea is a lost poem of the Theban cycle, a part of the Epic Cycle. The poem was about 6,600 verses long and the authorship was credited by ancient authorities to Cinaethon, a known poet who lived in Sparta. Eusebius says that he flourished in 764/3 BC. Only three short fragments and one testimonium survived, it presented an alternative view of the Oedipus myth. According to Pausanias, Cinaethon states that the marriage between Oedipus and his own mother, Jocasta was childless; that is all. A small glimpse of Cinaethon's style survives in Plutarch's On the Pythia's Oracles 407b: "he added unnecessary pomp and drama to the oracles". Kinkel, G. Epicorum Graecorum fragmenta, vol. 1, Leipzig. Allen, T. W. Homeri opera. Tomus V: Hymni, Fragmenta, Batrachomyomachia, Oxford, ISBN 0-19-814534-9. Bernabé, A. Poetae epici Graecae, pars i, Leipzig, ISBN 978-3-598-71706-2. Davies, M. Epicorum Graecorum fragmenta, Göttingen, ISBN 978-3-525-25747-0. Evelyn-White, H. G. Hesiod, the Homeric Hymns, Homerica, Loeb Classical Library, no.

57, Massachusetts, ISBN 978-0-674-99063-0. English translation with facing Greek text. West, M. L. Greek Epic Fragments, Loeb Classical Library, no. 497, Massachusetts, ISBN 978-0-674-99605-2. Greek text with facing English translation Davies, M. Greek Epic Cycle, London, ISBN 978-1853990397

Granville station (SkyTrain)

Granville is an underground station on the Expo Line of Metro Vancouver's SkyTrain rapid transit system. The station is located in Downtown Vancouver on the portion of Granville Street, known as the Granville Mall; the station is accessible from the surface via entrances on Granville Street and Seymour Street, the Dunsmuir entrance between Granville and Seymour. The station serves the shopping and entertainment districts along Granville and Robson streets, as well as the office and shopping complexes of Pacific Centre and Vancouver Centre; the station is within walking distance of such amenities as Robson Square, the Orpheum Theatre, Vancouver Library Square, TD Tower, Scotia Tower and the HSBC Canada Building. Granville station opened in 1985 and is named for nearby Granville Street, which name is derived from "Granville", the name of the original settlement that preceded Vancouver prior to its incorporation in 1886; the Austrian architecture firm Architektengruppe U-Bahn was responsible for designing the station.

On September 22, 2006, elevator access was introduced from Dunsmuir Street with the completion of the neighbouring Hudson on Granville development, large signs were added at the platform level to guide passengers to the newly available elevators. The entrance has separate escalator access to the platform levels independent of the existing station in a similar two up/one down configuration for the longest bank, a ticket-vending level with a connection to the existing Granville Mall entrance and the Hudson Bay / Pacific Centre shopping mall. There are retail spaces within the new addition's ticket vending lobby and in the passageway to Hudson Bay; the design of the addition, its capacity, connection to Granville Mall made it possible for the original facility to be closed entirely. The original station area closed only temporarily for lighting upgrades from October 23, 2006, to mid-November. On May 8, 2018, TransLink announced the Granville Station Escalator Replacement Project as part of the TransLink Maintenance and Repair Program.

The replacement of six escalators is scheduled to begin on May 26, 2018, resulting in the closure of the Seymour Street entrance and the closure of the Granville/Seymour concourse. Work is expected to take two years. Like Burrard station, the station was built inside the Dunsmuir Tunnel and has a distinctive platform design; the westbound track is stacked above the eastbound track, with the westbound platform being one level above the eastbound platform. At 25 metres underground, Granville station is the deepest subway station on the Expo Line. Granville station is one of four SkyTrain stations on the Expo Line, it connects with many TransLink bus routes, including trolleybus routes on the Granville Mall and suburban bus routes heading to and from North and West Vancouver. Passengers are able to transfer to the Canada Line by walking through Pacific Centre or Vancouver Centre and the Hudson Bay department store, although the only direct transfer point is at Waterfront station. There is a small retail space standing at the bottom of the long escalator bank in the original station area, where the corridor splits into the westbound and eastbound routes.

It is one of the few stores located within a fare paid zone of any SkyTrain station. Granville station is unique in being one of only a few stations having no surface entrance building of its own, independent of any adjacent buildings; the station has three entrances: Granville Mall through the Hudson’s Bay Company department store, Seymour Street with direct access to the ticketing platform, Dunsmuir Street through the Hudson condominium development. Granville Street entrance: one of the original entrances for the station. Underground connection to the second basement level of HBC department store and Pacific Centre is available at concourse level. Three escalators are available between concourse level. Escalator to this entrance is made available through an underground connection from the new Dunsmuir entrance. No elevator is available at this entrance, there is no stairway available between concourse and platform. Seymour Street entrance: connects to the concourse of Granville entrance via a short stairwell.

No escalator and elevator access is available from this entrance. Dunsmuir Street entrance: built in 2006, it provides elevator and escalator access between street and platform, it include an underground connection to Granville entrance at concourse/street level. Similar to the Granville entrance, there are three escalators but no stairway is available between concourse and platform. Fare gates are located at the inbound platform level for this entrance. Local and night buses operate on Granville Street, in front of the entrance all days Monday to Thursday and during daytime on Friday, Saturday and Holidays: During Friday, Saturday and Holidays evening, buses are rerouted to Seymour Street, near the Seymour entrance: The NightBus terminus is along Howe Street between Pender and Dunsmuir. However, buses serve the stop along Seymour Street closest to the Seymour Street entrance: The following suburban routes serves Georgia Street, with close proximity of the Granville entrance

HMS Ettrick (K254)

HMS Ettrick was a River-class frigate that fought for the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. The vessel saw action in the Battle of the Atlantic as a convoy escort; the ship was named for the Ettrick Water in Scotland. Ettrick was ordered 1 June 1941 as part of the River-class building programme; the vessel was laid down on 31 December 1941 by John Crown & Sons at Sunderland and launched 25 February 1943. The ship was one of six frigates of the class to be fitted with steam turbines instead of the standard reciprocating machinery, she was commissioned into the Royal Navy on 11 July 1943. After commissioning and trials, Ettrick was assigned to the Mid-Ocean Escort Force as a convoy escort. From Dec 1943 to Mar 1944, she was commanded by Lt Cdr Nicholas Monsarrat, who depicted her as "HMS River" in his 1946 novel H. M. Frigate; the ship was assigned to escort group C-1, a Canadian-commanded group. In January 1944 she put in at Halifax. While there she was turned over to the Royal Canadian Navy.

On 29 January 1944, while undergoing a refit at Halifax, Ettrick was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy. Once the refit was completed, the vessel was assigned to MOEF escort group C-3, she made two round trips to Derry with the group before transferring out to join escort group 27 based out of Halifax. On 14 January 1945, she rammed U-1232 during the defence of convoy BX 141, damaging the submarine's conning tower; the submarine however was able to escape. The ship remained as a local escort until the end of hostilities in Europe, she returned to the United Kingdom in May and was returned to the Royal Navy on 30 May 1945. Following the vessel's return to the Royal Navy, she was converted to a combined operations headquarters ship; the ship however saw no service in her new capability. In April 1946 Ettrick was laid up at Harwich; the vessel was broken up in 1953 at Grays. Macpherson, Ken. Warships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910–2002. 3rd Edition. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing Limtied. ISBN 1-55125-072-1 Media related to River class frigates at Wikimedia Commons

San Diego State University College of Professional Studies & Fine Arts

The College of Professional Studies and Fine Arts is an academic unit of San Diego State University in San Diego, California. The College of Professional Studies and Fine Arts includes several academic departments: Aerospace Studies Art and Design City Planning Child & Family Development Communication Criminal Justice Exercise & Nutritional Sciences The L. Robert Payne School of Hospitality and Tourism Management International Security and Conflict Resolution Journalism & Media Studies Military Science Music & Dance Naval Science Public Administration & Urban Studies Recreation and Tourism Theatre and Film Berman Institute for Effective Communication Institute for Built Environment and Comparative Urban Research Center for Hospitality and Tourism Research International Center for Communications Institute for International Security and Conflict Resolution Institute for Leisure Behavior Institute for Meetings and Events Institute of Public and Urban Affairs Institute for Surf Research Center for Visual and Performing Arts Center for Optimal Health and Performance Sycuan Institute on Tribal Gaming Audio-Visual Library University Art Gallery Don Powell Theatre at the Performing Arts Plaza The Experimental Theatre J. Dayton Smith Recital Hall The Production Center for Documentary and Drama San Diego State University Official website

Romani people in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Romani people in Bosnia and Herzegovina are the largest of the 17 national minority in the country, although—due to the stigma attached to the label—this is not reflected in statistics and censuses. The exact number of Roma persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina is uncertain. Due to the social stigma attached to the label, many members of the community refuse to self-identify as such in official surveys and censuses, their number is thus underestimated. The 2013 census recorded 12,583 Bosnian-Herzegovinian residents of self-declared Romani ethnicity; the July 2012 estimates of the Council of Europe counted a minimum of 40,000 and a maximum of 76,000 Roma in BiH, with an average of 58,000, i.e. the 1.54% of the total population. This would still make Bosnia and Herzegovina the country in the Western Balkans with the lowest percentage of Roma population. A partial survey by the BiH Ombudsman through Roma associations recorded around 50,000 Roma living in Bosnia and Herzegovina, of which 35,000 in the Federation BiH, 3,000 in Republika Srpska, 2,000–2,500 in the Brčko District — without counting the Roma population in the Sarajevo Canton.

The Needs Assessment process conducted in 2010 by the state-level BiH Ministry for Human Rights and Refugees directly identified 16,771 Roma persons in BiH. The MHRR estimates that there are at least 25,000 to 30,000 Roma residents in BiH, although they acknowledge that up to 39 percent of Roma did not participate in the registration in some districts. According to the Ministry, around 42 percent of the Romani population in BiH is below 19 years old. 0.44%According to the 1991 census, there were 8,864 Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina or 0.2 percent of the population. Yet, the number was much higher, as 10,422 Bosnians stated that Romani was their native language. Kali Sara and other local Roma NGOs put the number of Roma in BiH at between 80,000 and 100,000. Important Roma communities in BiH are living in Brčko, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla, Prijedor and Teslić; the largest number of Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina live in the Tuzla Canton, of which a sizeable proportion in the municipality of Tuzla, as well as in Živinice, Lukavac.

The Sarajevo Canton hosts around 7,000 Roma families in the municipality of Novi Grad, Sarajevo. The Zenica-Doboj Canton hosts between 7,700 and 8,200 Roma, of which 2,000–2,500 in the Zenica Municipality, 2,160 in Kakanj, 2,800 in Visoko. 2,000–2,500 Roma live in the Central Bosnia Canton in Donji Vakuf and Travnik. In the Una-Sana Canton there are between 2,000 -- 2,200 Roma, of. In the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton there are between 2,200–2,700 Roma, of which 450 in Konjic and 250 in Mostar. 2,000–2,500 Roma live in the Brčko District. In Republika Srpska live around 3,000–11,000 Roma, most of which in Gradiška, Banja Luka, Derventa. There have been Romani people in Herzegovina for more than 600 years. Roma are deemed to have arrived in the territory of today's Bosnia and Herzegovina by the 14th–15th centuries, to have adopted Islam as the majority confession during the times of Ottoman rule. Roma were stigmatised and had to live in settlements outside city boundaries. Rousseau, as French consul in Bosnia and Herzegovina, estimated in 1866 a number of 9,965 or 1.1 percent of the population were Romani.

Johann Roskiewicz estimated in 1867 the number of the "Gypsies" in Bosnia at 9,000 and in Herzegovina at 2,500, resulting in a total of 11,500 Romani. Attitudes towards Roma in Bosnia and Herzegovina hardened during the Austro-Hungarian forty-years rule due to rumours that Roma lived off immoral earnings; the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica mentions 18,000 Romani in Herzegovina. The worst period for Bosnian Roma came with World War Two, when Bosnia and Herzegovina was included in the Nazi-aligned Independent State of Croatia, it is estimated that 28,000 Roma perished in the conflict, in concentration and extermination camps such as Jasenovac. In Socialist Jugoslavia, the situation of Roma improved considerable, as they became recognised as a “national minority”, came to enjoy a large degree of security and welfare. During the war in Bosnia of 1992–1995, the Roma suffered mistreatment by all conflict parties, being considered as agents of the enemy, or forcefully conscripted. Over 30,000 Bosnian Roma were expelled based on ethnic cleansing.

Roma were subject to inhumane conditions in concentration camps and entire communities were destroyed. Several Roma from Kosovo moved to Bosnia and Herzegovina during socialist times as well as again during the Kosovo war. Kosovo Roma still face issues with civil documentations due to the lack of recognition of Kosovo by Bosnia and Herzegovina and the lack of Bosnia and Herzegovina has markedly tackled the situation of lack of civil registration documents and risks of statelessness, thanks to cooperation between the state authorities and NGOs, reducing the number of Roma persons without documents from some 3,000 to 57 in 2017; this result remains to be made sustainable, due to the risks of administrative complications linked to cases of temporary migration and the lack of recognition of documents for children born abroad. Many Roma in BiH still live in informal settlements, without access to water and electricity, as well as collective centres for IDPs; the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees, in cooperation with municipalities and thanks to EU funds is bui