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János Batsányi

János Batsányi was a Hungarian poet. In 1785, he published his first work, a patriotic poem, "The Valour of the Magyars". In the same year he obtained a job as clerk in the treasury of the Hungarian city of Kassa, there, in conjunction with other two Hungarian patriots, edited the Magyar Museum, suppressed by the government in 1792. In the following year he was deprived of his clerkship and in 1794, having taken part in the conspiracy of Ignác Martinovics, he was thrown into the state prison of the Kufstein Fortress, where he remained for two years. After his release, he took a considerable share in the Magyar Minerva, a literary review, proceeded to Vienna, where he obtained a post in the bank, he married Gabriella Baumberg, a renowned poet from Vienna in 1805. Four years he translated Napoleon's proclamation to the Hungarians, and, in consequence of this anti-Habsburg act, had to take refuge in Paris. After the fall of Napoleon he was given up to the Austrians, who allowed him to reside at Linz until his death, on condition that he never left town.

He published a collection of poems at Pest in 1827 and edited the poetical works of Ányos and Faludi. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Bacsanyi, Janos". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press

Political history of Mysore and Coorg (1800–1947)

The political history of Mysore and Coorg is the political history of the contiguous historical regions of Mysore state and Coorg province located on the Deccan Plateau in west-central peninsular India, beginning with the acceptance of British suzerainty in 1800 to the independence of India in 1947. In the amāni lands the tax on cultivation in dry regions was a fixed money amount paid annually at one-third of the crop value. In "wet" or rice-growing regions, which on average provided more abundant yields, but which depended more on the vagaries of the monsoon rains, the crop value was estimated annually, as soon as an estimate could be made; the latter tax was computed at one-half of the crop value and was paid "nominally in kind," but in money. There is little contemporaneous documentation of the pre-1760 period of Mysore's history the last century of that period. According to, the 18th-century Wodeyar rulers of Mysore—in contrast to their contemporaries in Rajputana, Central India, Maratha Deccan, Tanjavur—left little or no record of their administrations.

A Wodeyar dynasty genealogy, the Maisüru Mahardjara Vamsävali of Tirumalarya, was composed in Kannada during the period 1710–1715, was claimed to be based on all the then-extant inscriptions in the region. Another genealogy, Kalale Doregala Vamgdvati, of the Delvoys, the near-hereditary chief ministers of Mysore, was composed around the turn of the 19th century. However, neither manuscript provides information about administration, economy or military capability; the ruling dynasty's origins as expounded in palace genealogies, are of doubtful accuracy. The earliest manuscript offering clues to governance and military conflict in the pre-1760 Mysore, seems to be, an annual letter written in Portuguese by a Mysore-based Jesuit missionary, Joachim Dias, addressed to his Provincial superior. After East India Company's final 1799 victory over Tipu, official Company records began to be published as well. Around this time, French accounts of the Anglo-Mysore wars appeared as well, included, a history of the wars by Joseph-François Michaud, another Jesuit priest.

The first attempt at including a comprehensive history of Mysore in an English language work is, an account of a survey of South India conducted at Lord Richard Wellesley's request, by Francis Buchanan, a Scottish physician and geographer. The first explicit History of Mysore in English is, written by Mark Wilks, the British resident mentioned above. Wilks claimed to have based his history on various Kannada documents, not only the ones mentioned above, but many that have not survived. According to, all subsequent classic histories of Mysore have borrowed from Wilks's book for their pre-1760 content; these include, Lewis Rice's well-known Gazetteer and, C. Hayavadana Rao's major revision of the Gazetteer half a century and many spin-offs of these two works. By the end of the period of British Commissionership of Mysore, many English language works had begun to appear on a variety of Mysore-related subjects; these included, a book of English translations of Kannada language inscriptions, William Digby's two volume critique of British famine policy during the Great Famine of 1876–78, which devastated Mysore for years to come.

Princely state Political history of Mysore and Coorg Political history of Mysore and Coorg

Hisaya Nakajo

Hisaya Nakajo is a Japanese shōjo manga artist. She uses the names Peco Fujiya and Ryou Fumizuki for doujinshi with her circle, Daisanteikoku. Nakajo came in 39th in the 2007 Most Searched Mangaka Names by the Japanese search engine, goo, she made her professional debut by winning the Outstanding Work award in the 18th Hakusensha Athena Newcomers' Awards for her work, Manatsu no Hanzaisha, published in the extra issue of Hana to Yume, Hana to Yume Planet Zōkan 15 July issue. She published her first one-shot as a professional manga artist titled, Hāto no Kajitsu in the 23rd issue of Hana to Yume in 1994. Heart no Kajitsu Futari no Hōsoku 17 Romance Tasogare wa Sasayaku Tokeru Koe Natsu no Ran Kawaki no Tsuki Ō-sama Monogatari Wild Kiss Manatsu no Hanzaisha Yumemiru Happa Usotsuki na Taiyō Missing Piece Hana-Kimi Sugar Princess Duel Love – Character design Official website

Energy in Cameroon

Energy in Cameroon is a growing industry with tremendous potential with the hydroelectric industry. With a total installed capacity of 1,292 MW, the mix of energy production of Cameroon consists of 57% of hydraulic power source, 21% of thermal springs in the gas, 10% of heat source to light fuel oil and 13% of heat source to heavy fuel oil. Cameroon began off shore oil production in 1977. Annual production has fallen since 1985, the decline is expected to continue as existing reserves are depleted. Output amounted to 76,600 barrels per day in 2001, down from 100,000 barrels per day in 1999. However, Cameroon is sub-Saharan Africa's sixth-largest crude oil producer, with output in 2003 at 67,000 barrels per day, estimated reserves at 400 million barrels as of January 1, 2004, according to the Energy Information Administration. Field development and production began in the Kribi-Campo basin in the mid-1990s, the Ebome field came online in 1996; as of 2002, the major operators were ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Total S.

A. The oil sector is managed by the national oil company Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures. Work was under way on development of the Doba basin oil fields and construction of a pipeline between Cameroon and Chad, with the aid of a US$93 million loan from the World Bank. Production was expected to have begun in early 2004. In October 2002, Cameroon and Nigeria, both of whom claimed the oil-rich Bakassi Peninsula, received a ruling on the dispute from the International Court of Justice, which granted the peninsula to Cameroon. Cameroon's petroleum consumption in 2001 was 22,000 barrels per day; the country has large reserves of liquid petroleum gas, which are untapped. According to the EIA, Cameroon's natural gas reserves stood at 3.9 billion cubic feet as of January 1, 2004, with no known production in 2002. In cooperation with GDF Suez, Société Nationale des Hydrocarbures is planning to build a liquefied natural gas plant. Hydroelectric resources remain the most exploitable form of energy in Cameroon, together with the Democratic Republic of Congo, is considered to have the greatest hydroelectric potential in Africa.

Electrical energy is produced by two hydroelectric stations on the Sanaga River. Nearly 60% of the power from these stations goes to the aluminum smelter at Edéa. Cameroon's electrical capacity was 810 MW in 2002, for which output for that year was 3.249 TWh, of which about 90% was from hydropower and the remainder from fossil fuels. Consumption amounted to 3.022 TWh in 2002. In the 1980s, hydroelectric capacity was expanded by an additional complex on the Sanaga River and a 72 MW generator on the Bénoué River. However, despite Cameroon's impressive waterpower resources, the national electricity grid runs principally from Douala to Yaoundé and from Douala to Bafoussam. Most other areas have no electricity at all. Cameroon's National Energy Plan attempts to prepare for a diminishing petroleum output. Hydro-Québec of Canada conducted a feasibility study of the Nachtigal Power Station, which could provide 280 MW of hydroelectric power on the Sananga River north of Yaoundé. In 1998, Hydro-Québec was awarded a contract to upgrade the Song Loulou Hydroelectric Power Station.

List of power stations in Cameroon Map of the oil and gas infrastructure in Cameroon

The Shadow of Yesterday

The Shadow of Yesterday is a narrativist sword and sorcery indie role-playing game, designed by Clinton R. Nixon and published by CRN Games, it is notable due to large portion of the game content and its core mechanics, the Solar System have been released under a Creative Commons license, as well as being published using only Open Source tools. TSoY won Best Free Game of the Year at the 2004 Indie RPG Awards, was a runner-up for the 2004 Indie Game of the Year; the Shadow of Yesterday has been translated intoFinnish, Spanish and Polish. An Italian translation is in the works. Eero Tuovinen, the editor of the Finnish version, republished an edited and revised generic version of the core rules as "Solar System" in 2008; the Shadow of Yesterday takes place in Near, a post-apocalyptic fantasy world set three hundred years after the destruction of the previous civilization. It is undergoing a rebirth; the races in TSOY are not seen as genetically separate races at all, but rather an evolution or devolution from human.

Each of them can inclusively become "human". The setting differs depending on the release; the Finnish edition has expanded the setting with minor cultures and other details and a revised map. The Spanish setting is faithful in regards to the text but has an new map; the German setting has additions inspired by online discussions, but not to the extent of the Finnish version. The World of Near for Solar System is a separate 190-page treatment of the setting from the creator of the Finnish translation; the Polish version combines the original setting with rules modifications taken from The World of Near for Solar System and original rules expansions and modifications. As of 2006, the game has been through two revisions; the second edition has different cover art and more game detail, but its primary observable difference is Nixon's move to using FUDGE dice. A Slashdot article on TSoY An interview with Clinton R. Nixon at Linux Journal Menneisyyden Varjot, the Finnish version La Sombra del Ayer, the Spanish version The German version called The Shadow of Yesterday The World of Near by Eero Tuovinen Documentation on World of Near by Eero Tuovinen The Polish version called The Shadow of Yesterday

Edible bullfrog

The edible bullfrog known as the pixie frog, lesser bullfrog or Peter's bullfrog, is a large-bodied African species of frog in the family Pyxicephalidae. The edible bullfrog is a large bodied frog in which the males reach 8.3–12 cm in snout–to–vent length and the females 8.5–11 cm. Exceptionally large males may reach 13.8 cm, although the species does not approach the sizes attained by the related African bullfrog. The females of the edible bullfrog are much less bulky than the males and reach just half of the weight of the males. There are two tooth like structures in the lower jaw of the broad mouth bears; the skin of the edible bullfrog has slight, rather rounded warts. It has short lateral ridges which never stretch all the way from the head to the end of the body, their form changes as the frog grows; the young frogs are quite sturdy and look plump but the adults show dorsoventral flattening. As the frogs grow their eyes become more centrally placed, the eyes of adults are protruding, they show a distinct tympanum, large and oval in shape.

The front feet are unwebbed but the hind feet are webbed. The backs of adult animals is more or less uniform yellow green to drab olive green with the males tending to be greener than the more olive brown females; the females may show a pale stripe along the backbone, light lines on the ridges and warts, these are less common in males. The newly metamorphosed young have a bright, light green stripe along the middle of the back, with gold-brown speckles and black markings on their dark green skin and the lips and extremities where they form black bars; the lower half of the body is uniformly cream, although the male has a dark yellow throat. A short, deep "whoop" call which lasts from 0.11 to 0.29 sec, is made at irregular intervals. The edible bullfrog is found in Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Tanzania and Zimbabwe. Flooded grasslands, in northern Cameroon it seems to prefer open marshy areas. While elsewhere flooded meadows and ditches are recorded. Edible bullfrogs show a preference for sand substrates.

The edible bullfrog spends 10 months of the year in aestivation beneath the surface of the soil, only emerging to breed in numbers if sufficiently heavy rain, i.e. more than 70 mm, falls within a short period. After which male edible bullfrogs call on the flooded grassland and from any small, temporary pools such as included roadside ditches, shallow excavations where the water is shallow, less than 200 mm in depth and had flooded vegetation. Breeding appears to occur during the day and breeding activity and calling had decreased by midday; the males gathered in loose groups in the shallow water, each congregation centred on a dominant male which charged at, bit and tossed any other males that approached too closely. Some males, would head straight for the dominant male; these aggressive bouts caused serious injuries and there were some that ended in the death of one of the combatants. The females move within and between these male gatherings with the males pursuing them. Courtship is simple and the female begins laying soon after amplexus commences.

Once paired, the other frogs did not disturb by other frogs, but displacement of the male from the female by another male has been recorded. The spawn is laid in shallow water. Males call from shallow water lying in the water with their heads and vocal sacs above the surface, their deep calls causing a rippling effect in the water, calling decreases as the day progressed and, if the rain is short-lived the frog will cease calling quite quickly; the diet consists of insects including Coleoptera which were found in 100% of stomach contents sampled, as were Orthoptera while Isoptera, Diplopoda and spiders were recorded. Some vegetation was recorded but this is assumed to have been swallowed accidentally when capturing animal prey; the aggregation of breeding frogs attracts several bird predators and these have included yellow-billed kite Milvus aegyptius, marabou stork Leptoptilos crumeniferus, saddle-billed stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis, intermediate egret Mesophoyx intermedia, grey heron Ardea cinerea and black-headed heron Ardea melanocephala.

Some edible bullfrogs were seen to lunge at water birds that got too close these were males aggressively defending their territories. After spawning the males guard the tadpoles and may dig channels for them if their natal pool is drying out too quickly. Edible bullfrogs are locally used for human consumption, although not a subsistence level, it is found in the international pet trade. A major threat to the populations of edible bullfrogs in most of its range is collection of frogs for local consumption. Edible bullfrogs are sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that are low enough that they do not constitute a major threat to the species. In some areas, e.g. western Tanzania, habitat loss such as the conversion of miombo to agricultural land may combine with over exploitation to reduce populations