Bronisław Maria Komorowski is a Polish politician and historian who served as President of Poland from 2010 to 2015. Komorowski served as Minister of Defence from 2000 to 2001; as Marshal of the Sejm, Komorowski exercised the powers and duties of head of state following the death of President Lech Kaczyński in a plane crash on 10 April 2010. Komorowski was the governing Civic Platform party's candidate in the resulting presidential election, which he won in the second round of voting on 4 July 2010, he was sworn in as President on 6 August 2010. Komorowski thus became the second person to serve on two occasions as Polish head of state since 1918, after Maciej Rataj. On 25 May 2015, Komorowski conceded the presidency of Poland to the rival candidate Andrzej Duda, after the latter won the second round of the 2015 presidential election. Bronisław Maria Komorowski was born in Oborniki Śląskie. Born as a son of Zygmunt Leon Komorowski, professor of African Studies at the University of Warsaw and Jadwiga Komorowska.
From 1957 to 1959 he lived in Józefów near Otwock. From 1959 to 1966 he attended elementary school in Pruszków. In 1966 he transferred to Warsaw and graduated from Cyprian Kamil Norwid High School no. 24. For many years he was affiliated with the Scout Movement. During his studies he was a Scout instructor in 208 WDHiZ "Parasol" Battalion in Mokotów, he met his future wife through Scouting. In 1977 he finished his studies in history at the University of Warsaw. From 1977 to 1980 he was an editor at the journal Słowo Powszechne. In the People's Republic of Poland, Komorowski took part in the democratic movement as an underground publisher and co-operated with Antoni Macierewicz on the monthly Głos. In 1980, he was sentenced along with activists of the Movement for Defense of Human and Civic Rights to one month in prison for organizing a demonstration on 11 November 1979. From 1980 to 1981, he worked in the Centre of Social Investigation of NSZZ "Solidarity". On 27 September 1981, he was one of the signatories of the founding declaration of the Clubs in the Service of Independence.
He was interned. From 1981 to 1989, he taught at the Lower Seminary in Niepokalanów. From 1989 to 1990, he was the manager minister Aleksander Hall's office, from 1990 to 1993, the civil vice minister of national defence in the governments of Tadeusz Mazowiecki, Jan Krzysztof Bielecki and Hanna Suchocka. In the early 1990s he was involved with the Democratic Freedom Union. From 1993 to 1995, he was the general secretary of these parties; as a candidate of the Democratic Union he was elected to parliament in 1991 and in 1993. In 1997, during the 2nd Sejm, together with a group of Warsaw University activists under the management of Jan Rokita he created Koło Konserwatywno-Ludowe. In the same year Koło Konserwatywno-Ludowe joined the newly created Conservative People's Party, which joined Solidarity Electoral Action. In September 1997 Komorowski was elected as a candidate of AWS. From 1997 to 2000 he presided over the Parliamentary National Defence Committee, from 2000 to 2001 served as the minister of national defence in the government of Jerzy Buzek.
In 2001, while still a minister in the minority AWS government, along with some activists from SKL, became a member of Civic Platform. He stood for election to the 4th Sejm as a candidate of PO. Again he was elected, this time for the Warsaw constituency. After the inauguration of the new parliament he resigned from SKL. Since 2001 he has been a member of the National Civic Platform Board. In the 4th Sejm he was the deputy chairman of the Parliamentary National Defence Committee and a member of the Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs, he won election to the 5th Sejm in a district outside Warsaw. On 26 October 2005, he was elected Vice Speaker of the Sejm. 398 MPs voted in favour of his candidacy. His party had earlier recommended him as a candidate for Speaker, his candidacy, in defiance of precedent, was rejected by Law and Justice which voted for Marek Jurek. This created an unfavourable climate further discussions regarding a PO-PiS coalition. After the resignation of Marek Jurek as Speaker of the Sejm on 25 April 2007 Civic Platform announced Komorowski's candidacy for Speaker.
On 27 April 2007 the Sejm rejected his nomination, Ludwik Dorn from PiS became a new marshal. 189 MPs voted for Komorowski. Komorowski became Vice Speaker. Komorowski took first place on the PO list for the Warsaw constituency in the 2007 parliamentary election and received 139,320 votes. On 5 November 2007, in the first session of the 4th Sejm of the Polish Republic Bronisław Komorowski was elected Speaker by 292 votes, he stood against Krzysztof Putra from PiS. Stefan Niesiołowski, Krzysztof Putra, Jarosław Kalinowski, Jerzy Szmajdziński were elected Vice Speakers. On 27 March 2010, he was chosen by PO members to be their candidate in 2010 presidential election. Komorowski became acting president on 10 April 2010 following the death of President Lech Kaczyński, his first decision was to announce seven days of national mourning beginning on 10 April. According to the Constitution of Poland, Komorowski was required to set a date for the next presidential election within 14 days of assuming the position, the election date coming within 60 days of that announcement.
On 21 April, his office announced. In the election, he got 41.54% of votes in the first round and faced Jarosław Kaczyński, who got 36.46% of votes in the first round. In the runoff Komorowski was elected president and formally too
Józef Oleksy was a Polish left-wing politician, former chairman of the Democratic Left Alliance. In his youth he lived in Nowy Sacz, was an altar boy at St. Margaret church, he graduated from Kazimierz Brodziński High School in Tarnów. On, he graduated from the Faculty of Foreign Trade of the Warsaw School of Planning and Statistics, he obtained a doctoral degree in economics. He was a dean and lecturer at the Faculty of International Relations at the Warsaw School of Economics and the Vistula University in Warsaw. From 1968 to 1990 he was a member of the communist Polish United Workers' Party, he was a member of the board of the main Socialist Union of Polish Students. He chaired the National Council of Young Scientists, he was the secretary of the PZPR University Committee at the Warsaw School of Planning and Statistics. In 1977 he went to work in party apparatus at the Department of Ideological and Educational Work of the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers' Party. From 1981 to the X Congress of the Party, he headed the office of the Central Committee of the Party.
In 1987-1989 he was the First Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee in Biala Podlaska. In 1989, he served as Minister-Council member for cooperation with trade unions. In the same year he took part in the round table talks on the government side. Oleksy represented the Communist leadership in round table talks with the opposition Solidarity movement in early 1989. In 1990 he was one of the founders of the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland, he was the chairman of this party from January 28, 1996 to December 6, 1997, co-founded the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999. In the years 1989-2005, he was the member of the Sejm. In the years 1993-1995 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. From March 7, 1995 to February 7, 1996, he served as Prime Minister of Poland, he resigned after being falsely accused by Interior Minister Andrzej Milczanowski for spying for Russia under the pseudonym "Olin". These allegations have never been confirmed. In the years 2001-2005 he was a chairman of the European Union Committee in the Sejm, responsible for aligning all Polish laws and regulations before Poland joined European Union in 2004.
In 2004 he was a member of the European Parliament and the Convention on the Future of Europe, responsible to produce a draft constitution for the European Union for the European Council to finalise and adopt. In early 2004 he took the office of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Between 21 April 2004 and 5 January 2005 he was the Marshal of the Sejm. A record of a private conversation Jozef Oleksy had with one of Poland's richest businessmen Aleksander Gudzowaty "leaked" to the media on 22 March 2007; the tapes suggested corruption in the SLD party. Oleksy accused former president Aleksander Kwaśniewski of illegal financial procedures, spoke harshly of SLD leader Wojciech Olejniczak and several other members of the party, he soon left the SLD. He re-joined the SLD on February 1, 2010 and on May 12, 2012 he became vice-president of this party. Jozef Oleksy was married to Maria Oleksy, he had two children. Since 2005 he has been struggling with cancer, he died on January 9, 2015. Funeral ceremonies with representatives of the state authorities, including President Bronislaw Komorowski, Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz and Marshal of the Sejm Radoslaw Sikorski, took place on January 16, 2015 in the Field Cathedral of the Polish Army in Warsaw.
Joseph Oleksy was buried at the Powązki Military Cemetery. Poland: Grand Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Silver Cross of Merit Medal of Merit for National Defence Germany: Grand Cross 1st Class Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Lithuania:Grand Commander Cross of the Order for Merits to Lithuania Politics of Poland List of political parties in Poland List of politicians in Poland Media related to Józef Oleksy at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Wiesław Marian Chrzanowski was a Polish politician and lawyer. He was a recipient of the Order of the White Eagle. Chrzanowski was died in Warsaw, Poland. During World War II he was a member of the Home Army, he finished a law degree at a secret underground university in 1945. During the second half of the 1970s he became associated with the opposition to the communist government in Poland, he helped to draft the statutes establishing the Solidarity trade union and was the lawyer which guided the legal registration process of the organization. In 1989 he founded the Christian National Union, party he chaired to 1994. Wiesław Chrzanowski at Find a Grave
Olga Teresa Krzyżanowska was a Polish politician who served as a Senator of Poland and a Member of the Sejm from 1989 to 2005. During World War II, she was part of the Gray Ranks, which led to her being awarded the Cross of Valour for her efforts. After World War II, she attended Gdańsk Medical University, graduated from there in 1952 with a focus in internal and occupational diseases. After spending a decade in hospitals, in 1962 Krzyżanowska became head of the Provincial Industrial Hospital in Gdansk, remained in that role until 1989. Krzyżanowska joined the Solidarity movement in the 1980s, was part of their National Health Commission, she was named Deputy Marshal for that term. In 1993 she was again nominated to be a Deputy Marshal, remained in the Sejm until 2001. During her time in the Sejm, she served as chair of the Ethics Committee and was vice-chair of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, was chair of the Rules and Deputies' Affairs Committee. In 2001, Krzyżanowska ran for Senate in the Gdansk district on behalf of the Senate 2001 alliance, which she won.
She served one term, retiring from politics in 2005. That year she became chairwoman of the National Memory Association, in 2011 she joined the Congress of Women, a Polish political and social movement, serving as the Minister of Health in the organization's shadow cabinet
Małgorzata Maria Kidawa-Błońska, née Grabska is a Polish politician. She was elected to the Sejm on 25 September 2005, getting 4615 votes in 19 Warsaw district, as a candidate from the Civic Platform list. Marshal of the Sejm from 25 June 2015 to 11 November 2015. Deputy Marshal of the Sejm since 12 November 2015, she is the wife of the film director Jan Kidawa-Błoński with whom he has Jan.. Małgorzata is a grand-granddaughter of Prime Minister Władysław Grabski and President Stanisław Wojciechowski. History of Poland List of political parties in Poland List of politicians in Poland Members of Polish Sejm 2005-2007 Politics of Poland Polish parliamentary election, 2005 Polish parliamentary election, 2007 Polish parliamentary election, 2011 Polish parliamentary election, 2015 Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska - parliamentary page - includes declarations of interest, voting record, transcripts of speeches. Małgorzata Kidawa-Błońska - biography page - includes history of positions held, personal interests, education
Polish People's Party
The Polish People's Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, abbreviated to PSL shortened to ludowcy is an agrarian and Christian democratic political party in Poland. It has four Members of the European Parliament, it was the junior partner in a coalition with Civic Platform. It is a member of the European People's Party and the European People's Party group in the European Parliament; the party was formed in 1990 as a left-wing party. The PSL formed a coalition with the Democratic Left Alliance after winning 132 seats in the Sejm at the 1993 election, with PSL leader Waldemar Pawlak as Prime Minister until 1995; the party fell to 27 at the next election, moved towards the centre at the end of the 1990s. In 2001, the party re-entered a coalition with the SLD, but withdrew in 2003. After the 2007 election, the PSL entered a coalition with the centrist liberal Civic Platform; the party's name traces its tradition to an agrarian party in Austro-Hungarian-controlled Galician Poland, which sent MPs to the parliament in Vienna.
Until the 2014 local election, the PSL formed self-government coalition in fifteen to sixteen regional assemblies. The party was formed in 1895 in the Polish town of Rzeszow under the name Stronnictwo Ludowe; the party changed its name in 1903 to. The party was led by Wincenty Witos and was quite successful, seating representatives in the Galician parliament before the turn of the 19th century, it was one of the most important political parties in the Second Polish Republic until it was removed by the Sanacja regime. During this time there were two parties using the term "Polish People's Party": Polish People's Party "Piast" and Polish People's Party "Wyzwolenie". During World War II, PSL took part in forming the Polish government in exile. After the war, Stanisław Mikołajczyk, a PSL leader, Prime Minister of the Polish government in exile, returned to communist-dominated Poland, where he joined the provisional government and rebuilt PSL; the party hoped to win the Yalta Conference-mandated elections and help establish a parliamentary system in Poland.
The communists formed. The 1947 parliamentary election was rigged, with the communist-controlled bloc claiming to have won 80 percent of the vote. Many neutral observers believe. Mikołajczyk was soon compelled to flee Poland for his life; the communists forced the remains of Mikołajczyk's PSL to unite with the pro-communist People's Party to form the United People's Party. The ZSL was a governing partner in the ruling coalition. Around the time of the fall of communism several PSLs were recreated, including: Porozumienie Ludowe, Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe - Odrodzenie, Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe. In 1989 most merged into one party and took part in forming the first postwar noncommunist government in Poland with the Solidarity grouping, in 1990 changed its name to PSL, it remained on the left of Polish politics in the 1990s, entering into coalitions with the postcommunist Democratic Left Alliance. However, in the 2001 parliamentary elections PSL received 9% of votes and formed a coalition with the Democratic Left Alliance, an alliance which broke down.
Since PSL has moved towards more centrist and conservative policies. The party ran in the 2004 European Parliament election as part of the European People's Party and received 6% of the vote, giving it 4 of 54 Polish seats in the European Parliament. In the 2005 general election the party received 7% of votes, giving it 25 seats in the Sejm and 2 in the Senate. In the 2007 parliamentary elections the party placed fourth, with 8.93% of the vote and 31 out of 460 seats, entered into a governing coalition with the victor, the centre-right conservative Civic Platform. In European parliament elections PSL received 7.01% of votes in 2009. In 2011 national parliamentary election Polish People's Party received 8.36% votes which gave them 28 seats in the Sejm and 2 mandates in the Senate. At the 2015 parliamentary election, the PSL dropped to 5.13 percent of the vote, just over the 5 percent threshold. With 16 seats, it is the smallest of the five factions in the Sejm; the party's platform is based on agrarianism.
The party advocates economic protectionism by the state, "slower privatization". On social and ethical issues, PSL opposes abortion, same-sex marriage/civil unions, soft drug decriminalization and death penalty, it supports mandatory public education and publicly funded health care. Party traditionally representing farmers and rural voters generally. Voters are more social conservative than voters of Civic Platform. Regionally, it has more support in western parts of country; the party has mining areas of the Silesian Voivodeship. Chairman: Roman Bartoszcze Waldemar Pawlak Jarosław Kalinowski Janusz Wojciechowski Waldemar Pawlak Janusz Piechociński Władysław Kosiniak-Kamysz List of Polish People's Party politicians Official website
Ludwik Stanisław Dorn is a Polish conservative politician, former Deputy Prime Minister and member of Sejm elected on 5 November 2007. He was born Ludwik Dornbaum, to Jewish parents, Henryk Dornbaum, a socialist activist and Alina née Kugler, a doctor. All of his father's family was murdered during the Holocaust. In the 1960s Dornbaum family changed their name to Dorn, he was raised agnostic, but he converted to Roman Catholicism at the age of 51. From 31 October 2005 to 7 February 2007 he was Minister of Interior and Administration, resigned after conflict with the Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński. Elected a Marshal of the Sejm on 27 April 2007, with 235 votes, after Marek Jurek's resignation. On 4 November 2011 he, along with 15 other supporters of the dismissed PiS MEP Zbigniew Ziobro, left Law and Justice on ideological grounds to form a breakaway group, United Poland. Graduated with a degree in sociology from Warsaw University in 1978. Official website Sejm page Ludwik Dorn in the Wprost debatase Ludwik Dorn in the Polish government website