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Jōtoku (承徳) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Eichō and before Kōwa. This period spanned the years from November 1097 through August 1099.[1] The reigning emperor was Emperor Horikawa-tennō (堀河天皇).[2]

Change of Era[edit]

  • January 16, 1097 Jōtoku gannen (承徳元年): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Eichō 2, on the 21st day of the 11th month of 1097.[3]

Events of the Jōtoku Era[edit]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōtoku" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 434, p. 434, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 172–176; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 317–319; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 202.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 319.
  4. ^ a b c Titsingh, p. 176.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by