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J. B. Bury

John Bagnell Bury, was an Irish historian, classical scholar, Medieval Roman historian and philologist. He objected to the label "Byzantinist" explicitly in the preface to the 1889 edition of his Later Roman Empire, he was Erasmus Smith's Professor of Modern History at Trinity College Dublin, before being Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Cambridge from 1902 until his death. Bury was born and raised on 16 October 1861 in Clontibret, County Monaghan, as the son of Edward John Bury, where his father was Rector of the Anglican Church of Ireland and Anna Rogers, he was educated first by his parents and at Foyle College in Derry. He studied classics at Trinity College Dublin, where he was elected a scholar in 1879, graduated in 1882, he was elected a fellow of Trinity College Dublin in 1885 at the age of 24. In 1893, he was appointed to the Erasmus Smith's Chair of Modern History at Trinity College, which he held for nine years. In 1898 he was appointed Regius Professor of Greek at Trinity, a post he held with his history professorship.

In 1902 he became Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Cambridge. At Cambridge, Bury became mentor to Steven Runciman, who commented that he had been Bury's "first, only, student." At first the reclusive Bury tried to brush him off. Bury was the author of the first authoritative biography of Saint Patrick. Bury remained at Cambridge until his death at the age of 65 in Rome, he is buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome. He received the honorary degree Doctor of Laws from the University of Glasgow in June 1901, the honorary degree Doctor of Letters from the University of Oxford in October 1902, in connection with the tercentenary of the Bodleian Library, his brother, Robert Gregg Bury, was an Irish clergyman, philologist, a translator of the works of Plato and Sextus Empiricus into English. Bury's writings, on subjects ranging from ancient Greece to the 19th-century papacy, are at once scholarly and accessible to the layman, his two works on the philosophy of history elucidated the Victorian ideals of progress and rationality which undergirded his more specific histories.

He led a revival of Byzantine history, which English-speaking historians, following Edward Gibbon, had neglected. He contributed to, was himself the subject of an article in, the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. With Frank Adcock and S. A. Cook he edited The Cambridge Ancient History, launched in 1919. Bury's career shows his evolving thought process and his consideration of the discipline of history as a "science". From his inaugural lecture as Regius Professor of Modern History at Cambridge in 1902 comes his public proclamation of history as a "science" and not as a branch of "literature", he stated: I may remind you that history is not a branch of literature. The facts of history, like the facts of astronomy, can supply material for literary art. Bury's lecture continues by defending the claim that history is not literature, which in turns questions the need for a historian's narrative in the discussion of historical facts and evokes the question: is a narrative necessary? But Bury describes his "science" by comparing it to Leopold von Ranke's idea of science and the German phrase that brought Ranke's ideas fame when he exclaimed "tell history as it happened" or "Ich will nur sagen wie es eigentlich gewesen ist."

Bury's final thoughts during his lecture reiterate his previous statement with a cementing sentence that argues "...she is herself a science, no less and no more". On the argument from ignorance and the burden of proof in his book History of Freedom of Thought he said the following; some people speak as if we were not justified in rejecting a theological doctrine unless we can prove it false. But the burden of proof does not lie upon the rejecter.... If you were told that in a certain planet revolving around Sirius there is a race of donkeys who speak the English language and spend their time in discussing eugenics, you could not disprove the statement, but would it, on that account, have any claim to be believed? Some minds would be prepared to accept it, if it were reiterated enough, through the potent force of suggestion; the Odes of Pindar The Nemean Odes of Pindar The Isthmian Odes of Pindar Rome A History of the Later Roman Empire from Arcadius to Irene A History of the Roman Empire From its Foundation to the Death of Marcus Aurelius A History of the Eastern Roman Empire from the Fall of Irene to the Accession of Basil I A History of the Later Roman Empire from the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian The Invasion of Europe by the Barbarians The Life of St. Patrick and His Place in History History of the Papacy in the 19th Century Greece A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great The Ancient Greek Historians The Hellenistic Age: Aspects of Hellenistic Civilization, with E. A. Barber, Edwyn Bevan, W. W. TarnPhilosophical A History of Freedom of Thought The Idea of Prog

Weisman Art Museum

The Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum is an art museum located at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis, Minnesota; the museum is named in honor of art collector Frederick R. Weisman. Based in Northrop Auditorium, it moved into its current building in 1993. Known as a "modern art museum," the 25,000+ image collection has large collections of Marsden Hartley, Alfred Maurer, Charles Biederman, Native American Mimbres pottery, traditional Korean furniture. Frederick R. Weisman was a Minneapolis native who became well known as an art collector in Los Angeles. In 1982 Weisman purchased an estate in the Holmby Hills area of Los Angeles that would serve as a showcase for his personal collection of 20th-century art; when he opened the art collection to the public, he wanted to share the experience of living with art, rather than the usual, more formal protocol of seeing art in a gallery or museum. The estate remains the home of the Frederick R. Weisman Art Foundation to this day; the Weisman Foundation estate is a two-story Mediterranean Revival house designed in the late 1920s by Los Angeles architect Gordon B.

Kaufmann. The Weisman home exhibits the fine craftsmanship characteristic of the period, including custom decorative treatments on the walls and ceilings. Today the Foundation estate and surrounding gardens are made accessible to the public by appointment only. Another museum bearing Weisman's name, the Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art, is located on the campus of Pepperdine University in Malibu, California; the current museum building was designed by world-renowned architect Frank Gehry with MSR Design as architect of record and completed in November 1993. It is one of the major landmarks on the University of Minnesota campus, situated on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River at the east end of the Washington Avenue Bridge; the abstract structure is considered significant because it was built prior to the widespread use of computer aided design in architecture. The building presents two faces, depending on. To the south and east, it presents a brick facade that blends with the historic buildings along Northrop Mall.

To the north and west, it is an abstraction of a fish and waterfall in curving and angular brushed steel sheets. The stainless steel skin was fabricated and installed by the A. Zahner Company, a frequent collaborator with Gehry's office; the museum received a major addition designed by Frank Gehry, in 2011. HGA Architects and Engineers served as local consultants for the project. Official website Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum records, University Archives, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Tironensian Order

The Tironensian Order or the Order of Tiron was a medieval monastic order named after the location of the mother abbey in the woods of Tiron in Perche, some 35 miles west of Chartres in France). They were popularly called "Grey Monks" because of their grey robes, which their spiritual cousins, the monks of Savigny wore; the order, or congregation, of Tiron was founded in about 1106 by the Benedictine Bernard de Ponthieu known as Bernard d'Abbeville, born in a small village near Abbeville, Ponthieu. Tonsured at the Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Cyprien in Poitiers around the year 1070, Bernard left the order in 1101 when his nomination as abbot of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe was disapproved by Cluny and Pope Paschal II. From on Bernard lived first as a hermit on the island of Chausey, between Jersey and Saint-Malo in the woods of Craon, near Angers, with two other rigorist monks: Robert d'Arbrissel, future founder of the controversial Abbey of Fontevraud, Vitalis de Mortain the founder of the Congregation of Savigny in 1113.

Following the example of the Desert Fathers, all three men and their followers lived detached from the world, in great poverty and strict penance. Adelelmus was a disciple of St. Bernard of Thiron. Born in Flanders, Aldelelmus is best known for founding the Monastery of Etival-en-Charnie; the foundation of Tiron Abbey by Bernard of Abbeville was part of wider movements of monastic reform in Europe in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. As a pre-Cistercian reformer, Bernard's intention was to restore the asceticism and strict observance of the Rule of St. Benedict in monastic life, insisting on manual labour, he founded his monastery on land in Thiron-Gardais granted to him by Bishop Ivo of Chartres, placed it under the protection of the cathedral canons of Chartres, instead of a secular overlord. This assured. Bernard encourage them to produce goods for sale. During years of famine, Tiron became a refugee camp and soup kitchen. During the famine of 1109–1111 the Abbey sheltered whole families. Tiron had a school.

Tiron was the first of the new religious orders to spread internationally. Within less than five years of its creation, the Order of Tiron owned 117 priories and abbeys in France, Wales and Ireland. In 1113 Robert FitzMartin granted the Tironensians land and money to found the order's first house in Wales, St Dogmaels, established on the site of a clas, which dated back to at least 600 AD. Closed during the Dissolution of the monasteries, much of the stone was quarried for other uses. In Scotland, the Tironensians were the monks and master craftsmen who built and occupied the abbeys of Selkirk, Arbroath and Lindores Abbey, Fife; the first two abbots of Selkirk became, in turn, abbots at Tiron. During the tenure of William of Poitiers as abbot, Tiron established abbeys and priories along the north-south trade routes from Chartres to the navigable Seine and Loire rivers. Under him, the abbey owned at least one ship that traded in Northumberland. Tiron adopted a system of annual general chapters.

In 1120, Abbot William decreed. Arnold, Abbot of Kelso, founded the cathedral church at St Andrews. In France, the order was integrated into the new Benedictine Congregation of St Maur in 1627. St Dogmaels Abbey Pill Priory Caldey Island Notes Citations Bibliography Bulletin de la Société archéologique d'Eure-et-Loir, Spécial Inventaire Monumental, Édifices religieux du Canton de Thiron-Gardais, No 30, 3e trimestre 1991 Dom Jacques de Bascher, La Vita de saint Bernard d'Abbeville, abbé de Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers et de Tiron, Revue Mabillon No 278, 1979 Official site of Thiron-Gardais, section Histoire Site of the Abbaye Cistercienne du Mont des Cats (France, section Histoire bénédictine

Mikurajima, Tokyo

Mikurajima Village is a village located in Miyake Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 June 2016, the village had an estimated population of 328, a population density of 16 persons per km², its total area is 20.54 square kilometres. Mikurajima Village covers the inhabited island of Mikurajima, one of the northern islands in the Izu archipelago in the Philippine Sea, 200 kilometres south of Tokyo and 19 kilometres south-southeast of Miyakejima, the uninhabited islet of Inambajima. Warmed by the Kuroshio Current, the village has a wetter climate than central Tokyo. Tokyo Metropolis Niijima, Tokyo Kōzushima, Tokyo Mikurajima Village was founded on October 1, 1923, when the Izu islands were administratively divided into villages and town; the village economy is dominated by seasonal tourism supplemented by forestry and commercial fishing. There is some small-scale farming. Tourists come for scuba diving. Due to its difficulty of access, it receives fewer visitors than the other islands in the Izu chain.

Due to the low population and limited number of visitors, the natural habitat remains untainted. Electric power on to the village is provided by a small hydroelectric power plant. Mikurajima has no major harbor. Apart from the dolphin tours, access to the island is limited to the Tōkai Kisen ferry that sails from Miyakejima and helicopter to Hachijōjima, Izu Ōshima and Miyakejima; the village operates a public middle school. Izu Islands Mikurajima Village Official Website

Perry Township, Berks County, Pennsylvania

Perry Township is a township in Berks County, United States. The population was 2,417 at the 2010 census; the Dreibelbis Mill and Jacob Leiby Farm are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 18.4 square miles, of which, 18.3 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Adjacent townships Windsor Township Greenwich Township Richmond Township Maidencreek Township Ontelaunee Township Centre Township Tilden Township The borough of Shoemakersville is located on the west side of the township, but is politically independent; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,517 people, 973 households, 746 families living in the township. The population density was 137.7 people per square mile. There were 1,017 housing units at an average density of 55.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 98.29% White, 0.36% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.75% from other races, 0.36% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.19% of the population. There were 973 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.0% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.3% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.93. In the township the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.0 males. The median income for a household in the township was $47,538, the median income for a family was $52,794. Males had a median income of $36,886 versus $23,170 for females; the per capita income for the township was $20,343. About 5.5% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.4% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over

Robert Hawkins (basketball)

Robert Hawkins, nicknamed "Bubbles", was an American professional basketball player. He was drafted 51st overall in the 1975 NBA draft by the Golden State Warriors. Hawkins played for four teams during four seasons in the National Basketball Association, averaging 12.7 points per game, 1.5 assists per game and 2.3 rebounds per game. Hawkins was drafted in the third round, 51st overall, by the Golden State Warriors in the 1975 NBA draft, he appeared in 32 games for the Warriors in his rookie season, averaging 3.9 points and 0.9 rebounds in only 4.8 minutes per game. He was released by the Warriors the day before the 1976-77 season began, after being unable to land a roster spot with another team, was prepared to look for a job in a different industry. In December he was contacted by the New York Nets, in the middle of a disastrous first season in the NBA following the ABA–NBA merger; the Nets had been left short at the guard position following the sale of superstar Julius Erving due to financial difficulties.

Hawkins became the closest thing the Nets had to a star, averaging 19.3 points per game and leading Nets head coach Kevin Loughery to remark "All I know is that Bubbles Hawkins has become a hero just when we needed one." Loughery's high opinion of Hawkins would not extended to the 1977-78 season, with the Nets now playing in New Jersey. Hawkins would play in only 15 games for the Nets that season, before being released after a series of conflicts with the coach. Hawkins would get one more chance in the NBA, signing before the 1978-79 season with the Detroit Pistons, but only appeared in four of the team's first nine games before again being released. On November 28, 1993, Hawkins was found shot to death in what police said was a suspected crack house; the police said that no arrests had been made yet in the death of Robert Hawkins, a former Detroit Pershing schoolboy basketball star who played for the New York and New Jersey Nets in the National Basketball Association