Britvic plc is a British producer of soft drinks based in Hemel Hempstead. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index, it produces soft drinks under its own name. The company was founded in the mid-twentieth century in Chelmsford as the British Vitamin Products Company, it started producing fruit juices in 1938 and started marketing them under the Britvic name in 1949. Acquired by Showerings of Shepton Mallet, subsequently a division of Allied Breweries from 1968, the company changed its name to Britvic in 1971. In 1986 it acquired the R. White's Lemonade brand, it acquired Tango and the Corona brand from Beechams in 1987 and since that year it has owned the UK franchise for Pepsi and 7 Up. In 1995 it bought Robinson's from Colman. In December 2005 the company underwent an initial public offering allowing its main shareholders to realise their investments. In May 2007 the Company went on to buy the soft drinks and distribution businesses of Ireland's Cantrell & Cochrane for £169.5m. On 14 November 2012 the company announced plans to merge with Scotland's soft drink's producer A.
G. Barr, whose brands include Irn-Bru, Tizer and D'n'B, which would have created one of Europe's largest soft drinks companies; the merger was put into serious doubt after the Office of Fair Trading referred the merger to the Competition Commission. On 11 July 2013, A. G. Barr Chairman Ronnie Hanna announced that the proposed merger of Britvic and A. G. Barr had been abandoned. In May 2017, PepsiCo announced that it had decided to sell up to all of its long-held 4.5 per cent stake in Britvic. Although most of its operations are concentrated in the United Kingdom and Ireland, the company's international arm is expanding and it now exports to over 50 countries. Corporate headquarters moved from Chelmsford, Essex to Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, in March 2012; the company owns a number of leading brands in the UK including Britvic itself, R. White's Lemonade, Robinson's and J2O – as well as being the licensed bottler for PepsiCo products within the UK. In 2008 Britvic launched Gatorade in the UK, after securing the rights to do so from PepsiCo.
In May 2010, Britvic launched. It has a higher caffeine and sugar content. After their failed IPO C&C's sold their soft drink brands to Britvic, resulting in the company now owning a number of leading brands in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Ballygowan water, Cidona, MiWadi, Energise Sport as well as the rights to Pepsi and 7 Up brands in the territory through its bottling agreements with PepsiCo. Britvic bought Fruité Entreprises in May 2010 for £298 million, it has since renamed the business Britvic France. It is a fruit juice business, unlike the GB&I businesses that focus on soft drinks. In 2015 Britvic acquired ebba, located in São Paulo, in 2017 Bela Ischia, located in Rio de Janeiro. Current brands are as follows: Official site
Macy's is an American department store chain founded in 1858 by Rowland Hussey Macy. It became a division of the Cincinnati-based Federated Department Stores in 1994, through which it is affiliated with the Bloomingdale's department store chain; as of 2015, Macy's was the largest U. S. department store company by retail sales. As of February 2019, there were 584 full-line stores with the Macy's nameplate in operation throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, its flagship store is located at Herald Square in the Manhattan borough of New York City. The company had 130,000 employees and earned annual revenue of $24.8 billion as of 2017. Macy's has conducted the annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade in New York City since 1924 and has sponsored the city's annual Fourth of July fireworks display since 1976. Macy's Herald Square is one of the largest department stores in the world; the flagship store covers an entire New York City block, features about 1.1 million square feet of retail space, includes additional space for offices and storage, serves as the endpoint for the Thanksgiving Day parade.
The value of Herald Square has been estimated at around $3 billion. Macy's was founded by Rowland Hussey Macy, who between 1843 and 1855 opened four retail dry goods stores, including the original Macy's store in downtown Haverhill, established in 1851 to serve the mill industry employees of the area, they all failed. Macy moved to New York City in 1858 and established a new store named "R. H. Macy & Co." on Sixth Avenue between 13th and 14th Streets, far north of where other dry goods stores were at the time. On the company's first day of business on October 28, 1858 sales totaled $11.08, equal to $320.27 today. From the beginning, Macy's logo has included a star, which comes from a tattoo that Macy got as a teenager when he worked on a Nantucket whaling ship, the Emily Morgan; as the business grew, Macy's expanded into neighboring buildings, opening more and more departments, used publicity devices such as a store Santa Claus, themed exhibits, illuminated window displays to draw in customers.
It offered a money back guarantee, although it accepted only cash into the 1950s. The store produced its own made-to-measure clothing for both men and women, assembled in an on-site factory. In 1875, Macy took on Robert M. Valentine, a nephew. La Forge of Wisconsin, the husband of a cousin. Macy died in 1877 from inflammatory kidney disease. La Forge died the following year, Valentine died in 1879. Ownership of the company remained in the Macy family until 1895, when the company, now called "R. H. Macy & Co.", was acquired by Isidor Straus and his brother Nathan Straus, who had held a license to sell china and other goods in the Macy's store. In 1902, the flagship store moved uptown to Herald Square at 34th Street and Broadway, so far north of the other main dry goods emporia that it had to offer a steam wagonette to transport customers from 14th Street to 34th Street. Although the Herald Square store consisted of just one building, it expanded through new construction occupying the entire block bounded by Seventh Avenue on the west, Broadway on the east, 34th Street on the south and 35th Street on the north, with the exception of a small pre-existing building on the corner of 35th Street and Seventh Avenue and another on the corner of 34th Street and Broadway.
This latter 5-story building was purchased by Robert H. Smith in 1900 for $375,000 – an incredible sum at the time – with the idea of getting in the way of Macy's becoming the largest store in the world: it is supposed that Smith, a neighbor of the Macy's store on 14th Street, was acting on behalf of Siegel-Cooper, which had built what they thought was the world's largest store on Sixth Avenue in 1896. Macy's ignored the tactic, built around the building, which now carries Macy's "shopping bag" sign by lease arrangement. In 1912, Isidor Straus died in the sinking of the Titanic at the age of 67 with Ida; the original Broadway store was designed by architects De Lemos & Cordes, was built in 1901–02 by the Fuller Company and has a Palladian facade, but has been updated in many details. There were further additions to the west in 1924 and 1928, the Seventh Avenue building in 1931, all designed by architect Robert D. Kohn, the newer buildings were Art Deco in style. In 2012, Macy's began the first full renovation of the iconic Herald Square flagship store at a reported cost of $400 million.
Studio V Architecture, a New York-based firm, was the overall Master Plan architect of the project. Studio V's design raised controversy over the nature of contemporary design and authentic restoration; the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places as a National Historic Landmark in 1978. In the 1960s, Macy's built a store on Queens Boulevard in Elmhurst, in the New York City borough of Queens; this resulted in a round department store on 90 percent of the lot, with a small owned house on the corner. Macy's no longer occupies this building, which now contains the Queens Place Mall, with Macy's Furniture Gallery as a tenant. More distant acquisitions included Lasalle & Koch, Davison-Paxon-Stokes, L. Bamberger & Co. O'Connor Moffat & Company and John Taylor Dry Goods Co.. O'Connor Moffat was renamed Macy's San Francisco in 1947 becoming Macy's California, John Taylor was renamed
A quilt is a multi-layered textile, traditionally composed of three layers of fiber: a woven cloth top, a layer of batting or wadding, a woven back, combined using the technique of quilting, the process of sewing the three layers together. The pattern of stitching can be the key decorative element if a single piece of fabric is used for the top of a quilt, but in many cases the top is pieced from a patchwork of smaller fabric pieces. In the twenty-first century, quilts are displayed as non-utilitarian works of art but quilts were used as bedcovers. There are many traditions regarding the uses of quilts. Quilts may be made or given to mark important life events such as marriage, the birth of a child, a family member leaving home, or graduations. Modern quilts are not always intended for use as bedding, may be used as wall hangings, table runners, or tablecloths. Quilting techniques are incorporated into garment design as well. Quilt shows and competitions are held locally and nationally. There are international competitions as well in the United States and Europe.
The following list summarizes most of the reasons a person might decide to make a quilt: Bedding Decoration Armor Commemoration Education Campaigning Documenting events / social history, etc. Artistic expression Gift Fundraiser Quilting traditions are prominent in the United States, where the necessity of creating warm bedding met the paucity of local fabrics in the early days of the colonies. Imported fabric was expensive, local homespun fabric was labor-intensive to create and tended to wear out sooner than commercial fabric, it was essential for most families to preserve textiles efficiently. Saving or salvaging small scraps of fabric was a part of life for all households. Small pieces of fabric were joined together to make larger pieces, in units called “blocks.” Creativity could be expressed in the block designs, or simple “utility quilts,” with minimal decorative value, could be produced. Crib quilts for infants were needed in the cold of winter, but early examples of baby quilts indicate the efforts that women made to welcome a new baby.
Quilting was a communal activity, involving all the women and girls in a family or in a larger community. There are many historical examples of men participating in these quilting traditions; the tops were prepared in advance, a quilting bee was arranged, during which the actual quilting was completed by multiple people. Quilting frames were used to stretch the quilt layers and maintain tension to produce high-quality quilting stitches and to allow many individual quilters to work on a single quilt at one time. Quilting bees were important social events in many communities, were held between periods of high demand for farm labor. Quilts were made to commemorate major life events, such as marriages. There are many traditions regarding the number of quilts a young woman was expected to have made prior to her wedding, for the establishment of her new home. Given the demands on a new wife, the learning curve in her new role, it was prudent to provide her some reserve time with quilts completed. Specific wedding quilts continue to be made today.
Wedding ring quilts, which have a patchwork design of interlocking rings, have been made since the 1930s. White wholecloth quilts with high-quality, elaborate quilting, trapunto decorations as well, are traditional for weddings, it was considered bad luck to incorporate heart motifs in a wedding quilt, so tulip motifs were used to symbolize love in wedding quilts. Quilts were made for other events as well, such as graduations, or when individuals left their homes for other communities. One example of this is the quilts made as farewell gifts for pastors. For a subscription quilt, community members would pay to have their names embroidered on the quilt top, the proceeds would be given to the departing minister. Sometimes the quilts were auctioned off to raise additional money, the quilt might be donated back to the minister by the winner. A logical extension of this tradition led quilts being made to raise money for other community projects, such as recovery from a flood or natural disaster, for fundraising for war.
Subscription quilts were made for all of America's wars. In a new tradition, quilt makers across the United States have been making quilts for wounded veterans of the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts. William Rush Dunton, psychiatrist and scholar of American quilts incorporated quilting as part of his occupational therapy treatment. "Dr Dunton, the founder of the American Occupational Therapy Association, encouraged his patients to pursue quilting as a curative activity/therapeutic diversion...." One of the primary techniques involved in quilt making is patchwork, sewing together geometric pieces of fabric to form a design or "block." Called piecing, this technique can be achieved with hand stitching or with a sewing machine. Appliqué is a sewing technique; the upper, applied fabric shape can be of any contour. There are styles. In needle-turn appliqué, the raw edges of the appliquéd
Moleskin is a heavy cotton fabric and sheared to create a short, soft pile on one side. In feel and appearance its nap is less plush than velour; the word is used for clothing made from this fabric, as well as adhesive pads stuck to the skin to prevent blisters. Clothing made from moleskin is noted for its durability; some variants of the cloth are so densely woven. Its name is similar to the skin of a mole. Moleskin is woven of carded cotton yarn in a dense weft-faced satin weave; the surface is napped or sheared to "produce a suede-like finish". Moleskin fabric is used to make trousers referred to as "moleskins", that are similar to jeans in terms of cut and construction, they started as working men's wear, but are now much more worn. Moleskin fabric can be coated with an adhesive backing and used to prevent or treat friction injuries of the feet. In the case of a blister, the moleskin is cut with a hole in the centre so the fabric does not adhere to the blister directly; the thickness of the surrounding moleskin protects the blister from further friction.
Moleskin is commonly used in video and/or audio productions when using a lavalier microphone. When further concealment of a lavalier microphone is needed in these types of productions, it can be worn underneath a layer or layers of the singer's clothing; this would cause the microphone to pick up the unwanted noises of the singer's clothing rubbing up against the body and top of the lavalier. Attaching a small strip of moleskin around the microphone body will reduce the amount of noise created by the singer's clothing and reduces the amount of unwanted noise picked up by the lavalier microphone. West German Army uniforms from the 1960s until the early 1990s were made of "moleskin" fabric in a greyish olive-drab colour, but this German moleskin was not sheared and thus had a flat, smooth outer side, it was nonetheless a tough, densely woven material resistant against wind and abrasion. Military snipers wrap the stocks of their rifles in moleskin to absorb sweat and prevent slippages. Cotton sateen is a variant of moleskin.
It utilises cheaper short-strand cotton to create a softer feeling fabric, fragile and wears quickly. The dictionary definition of moleskin at Wiktionary
Sam Roland Heughan is a Scottish actor, best known for his acclaimed role as Jamie Fraser in the Starz series Outlander, for which he has received four nominations for the Saturn Awards, a nomination for the Critics Choice Award for Best Actor in a Drama Series. He was nominated for a Laurence Olivier Award for Most Promising Performer in 2003, for his performance in the play Outlying Islands, performed at the Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, he starred in the 2018 action-comedy film The Spy Who Dumped Me. Heughan was born on 30 April 1980 in Balmaclellan, in the historical county of Kirkcudbrightshire in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. At the age of five, he moved to nearby New Galloway. During this time, he lived in converted stables in the grounds of Kenmure Castle. Moving to Edinburgh aged 12, he attended James Gillespie's High School for a year and moved to the Edinburgh Rudolf Steiner School till the end of the sixth year, he subsequently spent two years working and travelling, before enrolling at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama in Glasgow, graduating in 2003.
He represented RSAMD at the BBC Radio Carlton Hobbs Awards While he was still a student, Heughan appeared in Outlying Islands, a play by Scottish playwright David Grieg. The play premiered in Scotland, at the Traverse Theatre, it moved to the Royal Court Theatre Upstairs, in London. Heughan was nominated for a Laurence Oliver Award for Most Promising Performer for his performance. In 2004, he appeared in the miniseries Island at War, a WWII drama about the German occupation of the Channel Islands; the following year, he appeared in several episodes of the Scottish soap opera River City. Over the next few years, Heughan appeared in a number of made for TV movies, including A Very British Sex Scandal and Breaking the Mould, he made appearances in a number of television series, including Midsomer Murders and Party Animals. In 2009, Heughan landed a recurring role as Scott Nielson, the boyfriend of Nurse Cherry Malone and secret drug dealer in the BBC soap opera Doctors; the following year, Heughan starred as the title character in the direct to video Young Alexander The Great, filmed in Egypt.
In 2010, Heughan played Hugh Tennent, founder of Tennent's Lager, in a series of comical commercials, which won a number of awards at the Scottish Advertising Awards. In 2011, he played Prince Ashton in the Hallmark Channel film A Princess for Christmas; that same year, he starred in BBC drama First Light based on Geoffrey Welland's WWII memoir of the same name. In 2012, he starred. During this time he made the news for his assistance in a real-life citizen's arrest. In 2013, Heughan was cast as Jamie Fraser on the Starz period drama series Outlander, he was the first cast member announced, to great praise by the author of the series, Diana Gabaldon, who said, "That man is a Scot to the bone and Jamie Fraser to the heart. Having seen Sam Heughan not just act, but be Jamie, I feel immensely grateful to the production team for their painstaking attention to the soul of the story and characters."In 2014, Heughan appeared in several independent films such as the mystery-thriller Emulsion and the comedy Heart of Lightness, in which Heughan appeared with two of his future Outlander co-stars.
Outlander premiered in 2014, was an immediate hit, with strong ratings and a positive critical response. It was renewed for a second season, which aired in April 2016, on 1 June 2016 it was announced that Starz would renew it for a third and fourth season; the third season premiered to strong ratings in September 2017, in May 2018 the network once again renewed the series for a fifth and sixth season. In 2016, Heughan was named Barbour's first Global Brand Ambassador. In 2018, Heughan co-starred as a secret agent in the comedy The Spy Who Dumped Me, which he filmed during an Outlander hiatus, it was announced that he would play a role in Bloodshot, an adaptation of the best selling comic book in the Valiant universe. That same year, Heughan was cast as Tom Buckingham, the lead role in SAS:Red Notice, a film based on the novel of the same name by Andy McNab. Heughan was a supporter of Scottish independence during the 2014 independence referendum. Heughan attributed much of his early success to his participation in youth theatre and, in August 2014, became a patron for YTAS.
He supports the charitable organisation's mission,'to transform lives through youth theatre by providing inspiring participatory opportunities for young people in Scotland.'In 2015, Heughan started his own charitable foundation My Peak Challenge, which allows participants a sense of community and support as they work toward personal goals, while at the same time raising money for charity. In September of 2016, he took part in the Great North Run to raise funds for Bloodwise, which he has supported since 2011, became president of Scotland Bloodwise. In 2018 he ran both the Stirling and EMF Edinburgh Marathons in the space of a month to raise money for Cahonas Scotland and their Testicular Cancer Education and Awareness Programme, he raised £38,224 for the charity. Sam Heughan on IMDb "Sam Heughan and Caitriona Balfe Discuss'Outlander'". ShowbizJunkies. 30 July 2014
Axminster Carpets Ltd are an Axminster, Devon based English manufacturer of carpets the same-named Axminster carpets. Whilst visiting Cheapside Market, Devon-based weaver Thomas Whitty was impressed by a large Turkish carpet he saw. On his return to Axminster, he used his skills to work out how to produce a product of similar quality. After several months work he completed his first carpet on midsummer's day 1755. Whitty's carpets, looking much like horizontal-tapestries, became the benchmark for wealthy aristocrats to have in their country homes and town houses, between 1755 and 1835; the company produced Axminster carpets for: the music room of the Royal Brighton. King George III and Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz purchased Axminster carpets and visited the factory. In 1800, the company made a 74-by-52-foot carpet for Mahmud II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, known today as the most famous Axminster Carpet of all. Depicting a blazing sun, moon and a whole constellation of stars, it cost £1000.
Carried out of the factory by thirty men from the local Congregational Church, it was placed in the Topkapi Palace. It was moved to the Defterdar Palace, where it became the property of Esma Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Mustapha III. In 1828, a disastrous fire destroyed. In 1835 the company owner, Samuel Rampson Whitty, the founder's grandson, was declared bankrupt. Blackmores of Wilton, near Salisbury, bought the remaining stock and looms and extended their business to include hand-knotted carpets, which were still called Axminsters. In July 2012, Axminster Heritage Ltd bought the now Grade II listed former original carpet factory in which Thomas Whitty founded the company and wove the first carpets, it now houses the town's heritage centre, incorporating the town museum and the tourist information centre. In 1929, Kidderminster-resident Scot's-born carpet manufacturer Harry Dutfield founded a new carpet company with his former schoolfriend Stephen Quayle. However, as the depression hit, the company became beset by Union problems.
Setting off for the 1935 London Motor Show to buy his first Jaguar car, Dutfield met a vicar on the train from the West Country, who told him that carpets had not been made in the town of Axminster since the 1828 fire. Returning home, Dutfield formulated a business plan to move his company to Axminster and relaunch Axminster Carpets Ltd, he persuaded the Southern Railway to extend its station at Axminster, from 1937 lease him land on which to build a suitable factory. At the outbreak of World War II, Dutfield converted the factory to produce stirrup pumps and aircraft parts, while Dutfield himself was an officer in the Home Guard. After hostilities ceased, with severe shortages of raw materials, keen fisherman Dutfield bought a wollen mill at Buckfast, near Buckfastleigh, which came with Salmon fishing rights on the River Dart; this enabled Dutfield to establish the company on its original basis, being the complete "from fleece to floor" carpet maker. After handing over day-to-day running of the company to his son Simon, Dutfield semi-retired from the company to pursue his hobby of fishing.
Awarded an MBE for his services to British exports, Dutfield died at his home in Axminster on 21 May 1999. Today, Axminster Carpets is the only manufacturer to purchase, card and dye its own yarn before weaving the carpet itself. To celebrate 250 years of carpet weaving in Axminster, in 2005 a commemorative rug was produced. Paraded by the company's weavers through the town, it was blessed by the Bishop of Exeter and presented to the Earl of Devon; the carpet is now in the home of Prince Charles. In 2012, Axminster was awarded a Royal Warrant for the supply of goods and services to the Royal Household; the modern Axminster-type power loom is capable of weaving high quality carpets with many varying colours and patterns, is manufactured all over the world. Due to their hard-wearing and durable nature, Axminster carpets are most used in country homes, luxury hotels, global airlines and train carriages; every Wetherspoon pub has a bespoke designed carpet manufactured by Axminster. Bertram, Jacob. Axminster Carpets 1755–1957.
Leigh-on-Sea: F Lewis. Company website
British country clothing
British country clothing or English country clothing is the traditional attire worn by men and women in rural Britain. It is worn at events such as horse races, country weddings, beer festivals and country fairs; the form of dress although worn throughout Britain is associated with England and is sometimes considered a historical form of dress or national costume worn to represent the English gentleman and lady. It is still considered countryside leisure wear and due to the durable, practical and fashionable style, some people choose to use elements of country clothing for general usage in Britain. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, what is regarded as traditional country clothing was a popular choice for wealthy people living in the British countryside as well as those who travelled there for leisure. Members of the British upper classes would go to the countryside for sporting events organized by the owners of English country houses if they did not own a country house themselves, therefore they required practical and durable clothing.
Today many of the original tailors who produced some of the first country style clothing still exist. Many elements of British country clothing have been used by designers to develop styles which are suitable for everyday use; the flat cap, Irish walking hat and trilby hat are some traditional forms of headwear used in the country. But some people will sometimes choose a non-traditional style of hat, depending on weather conditions, social circumstances and the activity; the flat cap is made of tweed or cotton, whilst a trilby hat is traditionally made from felt material. For a trilby hat, a feather attached pin on the side is a traditional accessory for both men and women which can optionally be attached a jacket lapel. Footwear depends on the activity in which the wearer is taking part; some of the most common forms of footwear are natural rubber wellington boots and leather country boots which protect the wearer from mud and water on the ground. When wearing a tweed suit, leather brogues are a choice of footwear.
English country jackets include waxed and quilted jackets. The traditional style is dark olive green with a brown corduroy collar, based on the original colour palette used when they were first produced, which included navy as opposed to dark olive green. A gilet is a popular style of country jacket. Tweed jackets and coats are worn to protect against weather due to the durability of the material. Fleece jackets and gilets have become part of country attire in Britain; the material tweed has long been associated with the British countryside. Tweed uses natural colours to blend into the natural environment. Original country styles include a Norfolk tweed breeks. Tweed suits consisting of a jacket and trousers have been an icon of the English country gentleman and lady since the 1840s when Lady Catherine Dumore began to provide for the British aristocracy and landed gentry. Today tweed suits remain popular, with some choosing the style for business as well as pleasure. However, people rarely wear the full three piece when outdoors only at events.
Some choose to wear a knitwear sweater or jumper for warmth and to remain casual. The popularity of country clothing surges periodically as a result of television period dramas such as Downton Abbey and the earlier All Creatures Great and Small, plus frequent photography releases of celebrities featured wearing the country style; this has included members of the British Royal Family, such as Queen Elizabeth II and The Prince of Wales, who wear traditional British country clothing when attending racing events and when at royal estates such as Balmoral and Highgrove. The boost in popularity has led to modernized variations of country clothing being produced to attract younger consumers. Other designers, such as Ralph Lauren, have stated their love for country clothing and have based some of their designs on the style. In 2006, retailers in New York reported a boom in demand for the waxed country jacket featured by Dame Helen Mirren in her portrayal of Elizabeth II in The Queen. English country clothing has featured in many media works when scenes are filmed in the countryside or in an English garden.
The Queen What a Girl Wants Elly Griffiths' Ruth Galloway series The Ghost Fields Countryfile Spring and Winterwatch Downton Abbey Last of the Summer Wine The Vicar of Dibley To The Manor Born Tracht - Worn in Bavaria and South Tyrol Teba j