Circuito de Jerez
Circuito de Jerez-Ángel Nieto, is a 4.428 km racing circuit located close to the city of Jerez de la Frontera, 90 km south of Seville and deep within the sherry-producing south of Spain. The project was led by the Spanish engineer Manuel Medina Lara, based on a preliminary idea from Alessandro Rocci; the circuit opened on 8 December 1985. During 1986 the circuit hosted the first international motorcycle event in Spain in March and the Formula One Spanish Grand Prix in April; the circuit's remote location hindered significant spectator turnout, although up to 125,000 can be accommodated. Because of this, F1 moved to Barcelona following the 1991 race. In 1992, the track eliminated four corners to create the long right hander Curva Sito Pons. Due to the hosting of the European Grand Prix in 1994, a new chicane was created at the corner where Martin Donnelly had a career-ending accident during qualifying for the 1990 Spanish Grand Prix. Jerez hosted the 1997 European Grand Prix, the championship decider between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve, who collided during the race.
During the podium celebrations of the 1997 race, Jerez's Mayor Pedro Pacheco disrupted the podium celebrations by presenting a trophy, supposed to be presented by a dignitary from Daimler-Benz. This incident resulted in the track being temporarily banned from hosting a Grand Prix, it has never hosted another Grand Prix, but remains one of the most popular venues for winter testing. During 2005, the track was resurfaced, it was expected that the Champ Car World Series would race there in 2008 until the series was cancelled early in the year after merging with the IndyCar Series. On 2 May 2013, it was announced that the final corner would be renamed after Spanish MotoGP world champion Jorge Lorenzo. In 2017, FIA Formula 2 hosted a stand-alone event on October 8 at the circuit. On 3 May 2018, the circuit was renamed in honor of the former motorcyclist Ángel Nieto, who died in 2017. Circuito de Jerez official website
Andretti Autosport is an auto racing team that competes in the IndyCar Series, Indy Lights, the FIA Formula E Championship and the Americas Rallycross Championship. It is owned up by former CART series champion Michael Andretti. Andretti Autosport has won the Indianapolis 500 five times and the IndyCar Series championship four times; the team has won the Indy Lights championship in 2008, 2009 and 2018. Additionally the team has won the GRC Championship with Scott Speed in 2015, 2016 and 2017. During the team's early formative years as Team Green, they won both the Indianapolis 500 and CART Championship in 1995; the team was founded in 1993 by Gerald Forsythe as Forsythe Green Racing. Forsythe had competed in the CART series during the early 1980s under the Forsythe Racing banner, had achieved moderate success; the new team fielded two Atlantics entries for Claude Bourbonnais and Jacques Villeneuve during the 1993 season. In 1994, the team moved up to the CART series with Villeneuve as driver; the team scored a second place at the 1994 Indianapolis 500 and Villeneuve won one race as a rookie in the season at Road America.
For 1995, Green and Forsythe parted ways, Barry Green renamed the outfit Team Green, with his brother Kim Green joining as team manager. The team won the 1995 Indianapolis 1995 CART championship with driver Jacques Villeneuve. In 1996, the team became known as the Brahma Sports Team with driver Raul Boesel. In 1997, Parker Johnstone took over the seat, KOOL cigarettes came on board as major sponsor; the team became known as Team KOOL Green, expanded to a two-car effort in 1998 with Paul Tracy and rising star Dario Franchitti. The two stayed on as teammates for five seasons. In 2001, Michael Andretti joined the organization as a satellite team headed by Kim Green, known as Team Motorola. In addition to running the CART schedule, Andretti entered the 2001 Indianapolis 500. Andretti and Green competed at Indy for the first time after a five-year absence, due to the ongoing open wheel "split." Andretti won his last race as a driver at the 2002 Grand Prix of Long Beach. In 2002, the team switched from Reynard to Lola chassis, producing a striking new livery to coincide with the change.
In 2002, both Tracy and Franchitti joined Andretti to race at the Indianapolis 500. Due to the MSA, primary sponsor KOOL could not appear on the cars, associate sponsor 7-Eleven was on the sidepods instead. Tracy placed second in a controversial finish; the team protested the results, a lengthy and contentious appeals process dragged on into the summer. Green lost the appeal, to considerable disappointment and at considerable expense. After major problems in CART surfaced, who had purchased majority interest in the team, switched the newly renamed Andretti Green Racing in 2003 to the rival IndyCar Series. Tracy left the team to stay in the Champ Car World Series, with Tony Kanaan joining Franchitti and Andretti. Andretti retired after the 2003 Indianapolis 500, Dan Wheldon took his place. AGR ran four cars since the beginning of 2004, with Bryan Herta behind the wheel of the additional car. At the 2005 Grand Prix of St. Petersburg, AGR had all 4 drivers finishing 2nd, 3rd and 4th. Kanaan and Wheldon won consecutive IndyCar Series Championships in 2004 and 2005, with Wheldon winning the 2005 Indianapolis 500.
Andretti referred to the win as his own, as good as if he had won it as a driver, because of the nuances of car ownership and building his own team. Wheldon's championship was his only one before free agency, joining Target Chip Ganassi Racing in 2006, he was replaced by Marco Andretti. Michael Andretti came out of retirement to qualify for the 2006 Indianapolis 500 to race with his son; the Andrettis finished second and third in "the 500" with Marco being passed just prior to the finish by Sam Hornish, Jr. in the second closest finish in race history. From 2001 to 2010, the team had seen at least one of their drivers finish within the top three at the race, it was announced on July 25, 2006, that Danica Patrick would join the team for the 2007 IndyCar Series season to replace Herta, being transferred to AGR's new American Le Mans Series Acura LMP2 effort. In October 2007, after winning the 2007 Indianapolis 500 and 2007 Indy Racing League championship, Franchitti announced his departure from the team to pursue a full-time career in the NASCAR Sprint Cup with Chip Ganassi Racing.
That month, Hideki Mutoh was announced as his replacement in the 27 car. Mutoh was the runner up in the 2007 Indy Pro Series season; the 2008 IndyCar driver lineup returned to the team in 2009. However, for the first time since 2003, the team failed to win a race. Danica Patrick was the team's leading driver finishing 5th in points. Kanaan finished 6th with three podium finishes; the team repeated this time with American driver J. R. Hildebrand. On September 25, 2009, the Indianapolis Star reported that Danica Patrick had signed a contract to stay with Andretti Green and the IndyCar Series through 2012. On November 24, 2009, Andretti Green Racing announced that the team restructuring was complete, the team would be renamed Andretti Autosport with Michael Andretti as the sole owner, it was announced on January 4, 2010 that Ryan Hunter-Reay would join the team, replacing Hideki Mutoh. Hunter-Reay earned the team its first victory since 2008 by winning the Grand Prix of Long Beach. Kanaan picked up the team's second win of the season at Iowa.
Kanaan and Hunter-Reay led the team in the points standings, finishing 7th. Following the 2010 season, veteran driver Tony Kanaan w
2008 Indy Lights
The 2008 Indy Racing League Firestone Indy Lights Series season the Indy Pro Series, began on March 29, 2008 and consisted of 16 races. Due to the discontinuation of the United States Grand Prix at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the series lost its Liberty Challenge double header held that weekend; the Liberty double header were replaced by the addition of a second race at the Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course and a return to the Kansas Speedway, where the series has not raced since 2004. All races were shown time-delayed on ESPN2. Live stream video was available on the IndyCar Lights Series website, it was announced on March 22, 2008 that Firestone signed on to be the title sponsor of the Indy Pro Series, thus the series was retitled the Firestone Indy Lights, in reference to the old Indy Lights development series which ran under CART from 1986 to 2001. All teams compete in Firestone-shod Dallaras. Saturday March 29, 2008 Homestead-Miami Speedway, Florida Race weather: 82 °F, fair skies Pole position winner: #27 Raphael Matos 57.2075 sec 186.899 mph Race Summary: As opposed to the previous year's race, slowed by major incidents, the 2008 season opener ran free of any major incidents.
Polesitter Raphael Matos was passed in the opening laps by a hard-charging Richard Antinucci who started fifth. Antinucci dominated the middle portion of the race, but when he started to reach lapped traffic, rookie Dillon Battistini was able to catch him and the two battled for the remainder of the race. Following a caution flag with less than 10 laps to go, Battistini was able to find his way around Antinucci to take his first series win in his first race, his first race on an oval track; the 23 cars running at the finish is a series record. Saturday April 5, 2008 Streets of St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, Florida Race weather: 84 °F, fair skies Pole position winner: #27 Raphael Matos 1:06.4669 sec, 97.492 mph Race Summary: Raphael Matos dominated the race and captured his third win at St. Pete in 3 races; the race was slowed 3 times early in the race by caution flags caused by two spins by Bobby Wilson and Mitchell Cunningham going off course, but the final 26 laps were run without a full-course caution.
Matos drew the number four following the race, meaning that the top four positions would be inverted and Jeff Simmons would start race 2 from the pole. Sunday April 6, 2008 Streets of St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, Florida Race weather: 79 °F, overcast Pole position winner: #2 Jeff Simmons Race Summary: Jeff Simmons led the first half of the race from the pole, slowed many times by caution flags. On a restart on lap 25, the fastest car on the track Raphael Matos tried to pass Simmons, but the two banged wheels and Ana Beatriz passed both of them and took the lead. Simmons would retire from the race due to the damage incurred and Matos had to pit to replace a flattened tire. Beatriz would lead until a restart on lap 30 when she and her teammate came together in the middle of turn 1. Beatriz attempted to rejoin the race right in front of the car of Pablo Donoso; the two were out of the race. Antinucci continued on to the victory, he was penalized 10 points for making avoidable contact with Beatriz.
Sunday April 27, 2008 Kansas Speedway, Kansas City, Kansas Race weather: 56 °F, sunny Pole position winner: #7 Richard Antinucci Race Summary: Qualifying was scheduled for the morning of the race but low temperatures caused it to be canceled and the field lined up based on entrant points, giving points leader Richard Antinucci the pole. Antinucci was passed shortly after the start by a gaggle of cars including Dillon Battistini, Arie Luyendyk Jr. Raphael Matos, J. R. Hildebrand. Hildebrand took the lead from Battistini on lap 20. On lap 56 Raphael Matos, running in 6th made contact with Jeff Simmons and shot into the wall, knocking him out of the race and dropping him from second to fourth in points. Hildebrand was able to hold off a hard-charging Robbie Pecorari who started 23rd because he competed for a part-time team to capture his first Indy Lights victory in just his second race on an oval. Hildebrand took the points lead by two points over Antinucci. Friday May 23, 2008 Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Indiana Race weather: Pole position winner: #15 Dillon Battistini 188.397 mph Race Summary: Dillon Battistini led at the start and was hounded by the cars of James Davison and Wade Cunningham throughout the race.
The most spectacular moment of the race came when Davison and J. R. Hildebrand's cars came together on the backstretch, forcing nearby cars to go four-wide and Jeff Simmons to drop two tires into the grass to avoid the slowing pair of cars that sustained slight damage. During the final ten laps of the race, Richard Antinucci was able to catch a draft behind Battistini, but reported that when he pulled out of the draft to pass, he was unable to maintain enough speed to complete the maneuver and Battistini was able to cruise to his second win of the season. Sunday June 1, 2008 Milwaukee Mile, West Allis, Wisconsin Race weather: 65 °F, sunny Pole position winner: #22 Pablo Donoso 145.699 mph Race Summary: Pablo Donoso captured the first pole of his Indy Lights career. The race was slowed three times early on by incidents resulting in light contact with the wall by Ana Beatriz and Marc Williams and heavy contact by Mark Olson. After the third caution ended on lap 29 the race went green for the final 71 laps.
Bobby Wilson, who took the lead from Donoso on lap 13 drove away from the field and, although challenged late by Jeff Simmons, held on for his third series victory. The win was the first for his team and Wilson's fi
Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course
Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course is a road course auto racing facility located in Troy Township, Morrow County, United States, just outside the village of Lexington. Mid-Ohio has colloquially become a term for the entire north-central region of the state, from south of Sandusky to the north of Columbus; the track opened as a 2.4 mile road circuit run clockwise. The back portion of the track allows speeds approaching 180 mph. A separate starting line is located on the backstretch to allow for safer rolling starts; the regular start / finish line is located on the pit straight. In 1990 the track underwent a refurbishment. A new retaining wall was built, the entire track was resurfaced and concrete was paved in the apexes of the turns to prevent asphalt deterioration. In addition, a straightaway was paved through the chicane, allowing for two different track layouts, the original 2.4-mile circuit and a new 13-turn, 2.258 mile circuit. In 1990, the CART series began utilizing the 2.258-mile layout. In 2006 a second major refurbishment saw several improvements.
The entire circuit was repaved and the concrete patches in the turn apexes were removed. A new motorcycle "short course" was created by connecting turn one with the backstretch and another motorcycle oval was created by connecting the chicane straight with the backstretch; the additional layouts allow simultaneous use of the multiple course, for instructional and competitive uses. The improvements included a motocross facility, that has since been closed. There is grandstand seating for 10,000 spectators and three observation mounds alongside the track raise the capacity to over 75,000; the track was opened in 1962 by Les Griebling and several Mansfield-area businessmen as a location for weekend sports car racing. In 1982 Mid-Ohio was purchased by Jim Trueman, a renowned road racer and the founder of Red Roof Inns. Trueman added permanent grandstands, amphitheater-style seating, garages with spectator balconies, a five-story media and hospitality center, underground tunnels and an updated paddock area.
In addition, a tall, three-sided scoreboard tower was constructed in the infield, strategically placed such that it was visible from nearly all spectator areas around the track. Trueman's daughter, Michelle Trueman Gajoch, was named the president in 1989 and saw day-to-day operations of the circuit. In 1990 the track underwent a refurbishment. A new retaining wall was built, the entire track was resurfaced and concrete was paved in the apexes of the turns to prevent asphalt deterioration. In addition, a straightaway was paved through the chicane, allowing for two different track layouts, the original 2.4-mile circuit and a new 13-turn, 2.258 mile circuit. In 2006 the track again underwent extensive renovation; the track and pit lane were resurfaced and connectors were added to the track's famed Keyhole section to allow for three separate road course configurations. Completed was the removal of concrete patches from the track, the relocation of the wall and guardrail at Turn 1, the expansion of gravel traps at the exits of Turn 1 and the keyhole, the replacement of all remaining old-style catch fencing and the standardization of curbing throughout the circuit.
These changes have resulted in a faster, more competitive and attractive facility for drivers and race fans. The sports car course operates from April through to November each year. During this time the facility is host to a number of nationally sanctioned race weekends, all of which are open to the public. Mid-Ohio has hosted "closed course" events for kart racing events since the late 1960s sanctioned by I. K. F. & W. K. A. and run by the Dart kart Club, with up to 400 entries participating. Karts use the full track with the chicane. Additionally, on-site motor home and tent camping spaces are available. On March 2, 2011 it was announced that the track had been purchased from Truesports by Green Savoree Racing Promotions, which promotes other IndyCar races, ending Truesports' 29 years of ownership. On November 13, 2012, NASCAR announced that the track would hold the Mid-Ohio Challenge in the 2013 season. Acura Sports Car Challenge At Mid Ohio May 4–6 Vintage Grand Prix of Mid Ohio June 22–24 AMA Vintage Motorcycle Days July 6–8 Honda Indy 200 at Mid-Ohio July 27–29 B&L Transport 170 August 10–11 Founded in 1993, The Mid-Ohio School offers licensed drivers and motorcycle riders programs in defensive driving, high performance driving and performance track riding programs.
Students in each course partake in classroom and private group drills. Participants test their newly-refined skills in the controlled environment of the facility's Vehicle Dynamics Center and on the track; the Mid-Ohio School is AAA Approved and recognized as a recent recipient of the Ohio State Highway Patrol’s Partners for Safety award. 18 programs are available to drivers and riders of all ages and ability levels from defensive driving programs for teens and adults, on-track high performance courses for the automotive enthusiasts to current and aspiring racers. There have been over 50,000 graduates from the Mid-Ohio School, including 18,500 teenagers and 13,300 motorcycle riders. Honda Indy 200 944 Cup Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course – official site of Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course Map and circuit history at RacingCircuits.info Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course race results at Racing-Reference The Mid-Ohio School – official site of The Mid-Ohio School 1tail Resource Database: Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course
Brands Hatch is a motor racing circuit in West Kingsdown, England. First used as a grasstrack motorcycle circuit on farmland, it hosted 12 runnings of the British Grand Prix between 1964 and 1986 and hosts many British and International racing events; the venue is operated by Jonathan Palmer's MotorSport Vision organisation. Gerhard Berger once said that Brands Hatch is "the best circuit in the world". Paddock Hill Bend is a renowned corner. Brands Hatch offers two layout configurations; the shorter "Indy Circuit" layout is located within a natural amphitheatre offering spectators views of all of the shorter configuration from wherever they watch. The longer "Grand Prix" layout played host to Formula One racing, including events such as Jo Siffert's duel with Chris Amon in 1968 and future World Champion Nigel Mansell's first win in 1985. Noise restrictions and the proximity of the Grand Prix loop to local residents mean that the number of race meetings held on the extended circuit are limited to just a few per year.
The full Grand Prix circuit begins on the Brabham Straight, an off-camber curved stretch, before plunging into the right-hander at Paddock Hill Bend, with gradients of 8%. Despite the difficulty of the curve, due to the straight that precedes it, it is one of the track's few overtaking spots; the next corner, Druids, is a hairpin bend, negotiated after an uphill braking zone at Hailwood Hill. The track curves around the south bank spectator area into the downhill, off-camber Graham Hill Bend, another bent stretch at the Cooper Straight, which runs parallel to the pit lane. After the straight, the circuit climbs uphill though the decreasing-radius Surtees turn, before moving onto the back straight where the track's top speeds can be reached; the most significant elevation changes on the circuit occur here at Pilgrim's Drop and Hawthorn Hill, which leads into Hawthorn Bend. The track loops around the woodland with a series of mid-speed corners, most notably the dip at Westfield and Dingle Dell and the blind Sheene curve.
From there the track emerges from the left hand and cambered Stirlings Bend onto the short straight to Clearways and rejoins the Indy Circuit for Clark Curve with its uphill off-camber approach to the pit straight and the start/finish line. The British Rallycross Circuit at Brands Hatch was designed and constructed by four-times British Rallycross Champion Trevor Hopkins, it is 0.9 miles long and was completed around 1981. Unlike earlier rallycross courses at Brands Hatch, cars start on the startline veer right and downhill on the loose at Paddock Hill Bend. Through the left-right Esses at the bottom, the circuit rejoins the Indy Circuit to travel up and round Druids hairpin, before a 90-degree left through Langley's Gap and across the knife-edge, rejoining the Indy Circuit, but travelling anti-clockwise. From Cooper Straight, the cars back to Paddock. Brands Hatch was the name of a natural grassy hollow, shaped like an amphitheatre. Although the site was used as a military training ground, the fields belonging to Brands Farm were first used as a circuit by a group of Gravesend cyclists led by Ron Argent, with the permission of the local farmer and landowner, Harry White.
Using the natural contours of the land, many cyclists from around London practised and ran time trials on the dirt roads carved out by farm machinery. The first actual race on the circuit was held in 1926, over 4 miles between cyclists and cross-country runners. Within a few years, motorcyclists were using the circuit, laying out a three-quarter-mile anti-clockwise track in the valley, they saw the advantage of competing in a natural arena just a few hundred yards from the A20, with the passage of time, a kidney-shaped circuit came into use. The first motorcycle races were "very informal" with much of the organisation being done on the spot; the racing was on a straight strip where Cooper Straight came to be when the track was tarmacked. Brands Hatch remained in operation during the 1930s, but after being used as a military vehicle park and being subject to many bombing raids during World War II, it needed much work before it could become a professional racing circuit. In 1932, four local motorcycling clubs staged their first meeting that March.
Motorcycle racing resumed after World War II and in 1947, Joe Francis persuaded the BBC to televise a grass track meeting, the first motorcycle event to be televised on British TV. Following World War II, cinders were laid on the track of what was by known as Brands Hatch Stadium and motorcycle racing continued; that was until 1950 when the 500 Club managed to persuade Joe Francis, that the future for his stadium lay in car and motorcycle road racing. The group behind 500 c.c. single-seater racing cars was the 500 Club and it, together with the owners, invested the sum of £17,000 on a tarmac surface. Thus Brands Hatch was born as a motor racing venue, on 16 April 1950, the opening meeting was scheduled for the first purpose-built post-war racing circuit in England, approval having been given by the RAC following a demonstration by a handful of 500s in February. Amongst those giving the demonstration was a young Stirling Moss; the Half-Litre Car Club for 500 cc Formula 3 organised that first race on 16 April, with 7,000 spectators coming to witness these cars complete in 10 races.
The first victory went to a man, to become a legend in Formula 3, Don Parker. Before the year was out, fi
American Le Mans Series
The American Le Mans Series was a sports car racing series based in the United States and Canada. It consisted of a series of endurance and sprint races, was created in the spirit of the 24 Hours of Le Mans; the American Le Mans' headquarters was in Braselton, adjacent to Road Atlanta. In 2014, the series merged with the Grand-Am Rolex Sports Car Series to form the United SportsCar Championship; the series was created by Braselton, Georgia-based businessman Don Panoz and ran its first season in 1999. Panoz created a partnership with the Automobile Club de l'Ouest, the organizers of the 24 Hours of Le Mans, to begin a 10-hour race in the spirit of Le Mans, dubbed the Petit Le Mans; the inaugural Petit Le Mans took place in 1998 as a part of the Professional SportsCar Racing series, in which Panoz was an investor. For 1999, the series changed its name to the American Le Mans Series, adopted the ACO's rulebook; the partnership with the ACO allowed ALMS teams to earn automatic entries in the Le Mans 24 Hours.
This was a practice that began with the inaugural Petit Le Mans, a practice that continues today, where 1st and 2nd place teams in each class earn entries to the next year's 24 Hours. The ALMS race at Adelaide in 2000 received automatic entries. Invitations were extended to the series champions beginning for the 2004 race; the ACO has always given high consideration to teams competing in ALMS races, many ALMS teams have seen success in the 24 Hours. The series began with eight races in 1999, beginning with the 12 Hours of Sebring, ending at Las Vegas Motor Speedway; the schedule expanded to 12 races in 2000, including two races in Europe, one in Australia. In subsequent years, the European races disappeared, with the creation of the short-lived European Le Mans Series, the Le Mans Series; the series began to move away from the rovals, road courses in the infield of large superspeedways, at Charlotte Motor Speedway, Las Vegas, Texas Motor Speedway. In its years, the series visited more temporary street courses, many in conjunction with the Indy Racing League, at cities such as St. Petersburg and Long Beach, California.
The series raced at Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca, Road Atlanta and Sebring in every year of its existence. From 2011 until the series folded, ALMS competed on a street circuit through the Inner Harbor coinciding with the Grand Prix of Baltimore, Maryland over the US Labor Day weekend; the series was the first motorsport racing series in North America to be recognized by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the United States Department of Energy and the Society of Automotive Engineers as a "Green Racing Series", held an all-new series implemented on series races dedicated to the environment by holding their first-ever Green Challenge during the 2008 Petit Le Mans and would continue this at least up to the entire 2009 season. In 2010 the American Le Mans Series signed its first title sponsorship agreement, with Tequila Patrón becoming a presenting sponsor for three seasons. On September 5, 2012, the series announced that they would merge in 2014 with Grand-Am Road Racing under the banner of the TUDOR United SportsCar Championship, with the International Motor Sports Association.
The American Le Mans Series used the same rules as the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Like the 24 Hours of Le Mans, there were three primary classes, though there were two extra "Challenge classes" using standardized cars. Purpose-built race cars with closed fenders competed in the Prototype classes P1, P2, PC and modified production sports cars competed in the Grand Touring classes GT along with GT-Challenge or GTC; the former GT1 category was abandoned after 2009 season. In 2012, the "Le Mans" was dropped from the names of the prototype categories; each car is driven by multiple drivers, all cars compete together simultaneously. P1 contains factory teams while P2 contains privateer teams. In ACO-sanctioned racing all of the drivers are professional in GTE-PRO, while in GTE-Am, 1 or 2 amateurs are allowed to race with a professional driver in support. However, since ALMS uses only one GTE category and combines the PRO/AM classes, there are no limitations for drivers; the two "Challenge" classes were formula-based, were designed for privateers or rookies to have an easier time entering the series.
The Challenge classes used the Oreca FLM09 and the Porsche 911 GT3 Cup, though there were reports that the ACO would open the Challenge class to other manufacturers in 2013 or later. The team points champions and runners-up in each class at the end of the season received an automatic invitation to the next year's 24 Hours of Le Mans. In January 2008, the American Le Mans Series announced it would hold its first "Green Challenge" competition during Petit Le Mans at Road Atlanta in October, ahead of the Challenge being implemented at all ALMS races during the 2009 season. In conjunction with the Department of Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, Environment Canada and SAE International, the Series unveiled the Green Challenge's rules and regulations. Two class leading vehicles ran low CO2 or green engines during the 2008 season – the GT1 Chevrolet Corvette C6. R with an E85 cellulosic ethanol powered 7.0 litre V8 and the LMP1 Audi R10 TDI with a 5.5 litre turbodiesel V12. The Michelin Green X Challenge awards invitations to the 24 Hours of Le Mans for the 1st and 2nd-place winners in the Prototype and GT categories for the entire season.
The Challenge measures "Green", "Speed", "Efficiency" (based on fuel-econ
Dreyer & Reinbold Racing
Dreyer & Reinbold Racing is an automotive racing organization that competed in the open wheel IndyCar Series from 2000 to 2013 and competing in the Global Rallycross Championship. The team is co-owned by former driver Robbie Buhl, who owns the team with Indianapolis BMW, Infiniti and Maserati dealer Dennis Reinbold. Off the track, Dreyer & Reinbold Racing have spent thousands of hours as the national spokesperson & advocate for "Racing for Kids," a national youth charitable foundation. On behalf of "Racing for Kids," DRR has visited more than 20,000 children in over 400 hospitals worldwide, raised nearly $5 million for local children's health initiatives. Founded in 2000, DRR was one of the few teams that ran the Infiniti engine until they left the series switched to Chevrolet and to Honda in 2005; when Buhl retired from the cockpit in 2004, he placed Felipe Giaffone in the cockpit, followed by Roger Yasukawa with financial backing from Honda. With Honda backing gone for 2006, some doubted if the team would continue, as Buhl had stated that if running the team did not make financial sense, he would shut it down.
However, sponsorship was found and the team named 2000 series champion Buddy Lazier their primary driver. In 2002 the team ran a second car for Sarah Fisher, who became the first woman in North American motorsports history to win the pole position for a major-league open-wheel race, earning the pole at Kentucky Speedway. In the 2006 Indianapolis 500, the team's second car was driven by Al Unser, Jr.. The team's only win came in their debut race, 2000 IRL season opener at Walt Disney World Speedway, when Buhl stunned the series with a win from the 22nd starting position. In 2006 the team scored their best finish in years when Ryan Briscoe showed a great turn of speed in the wet at Watkins Glen International to get on the podium. During that time, other good results in the season were few and far between. For 2007 the team added a new sponsor. On January 31, 2007, 2004 Indianapolis 500 winner Buddy Rice and Sarah Fisher would drive for the team. Rice brought in respectable performances. Fisher struggled to 17th place in points after playing second fiddle to the "A Team" being given less than par equipment.
Fisher announced in late 2007 that she would leave the team due to lack of commitment from the team to her efforts. Rice returned to the team in 2008 while the team's second car was shared by Milka Duno and Townsend Bell, with all three drivers competing in the 2008 Indianapolis 500. Both Rice and Bell finished in the top-10. Rice finished 16th in points with a best finish of fourth at Watkins Glen. 2009 saw Dreyer & Reinbold bring on a new driver lineup from 2008. Joining the team full-time was British rookie Mike Conway, who most had competed in the GP2 Series. A second full-time entry was shared between Darren Manning, Milka Duno, Tomas Scheckter. In addition, Roger Yasukawa returned to the team for the race at Twin Ring Motegi; the team fielded cars for Richard Petty Motorsports driven by John Andretti and for Kingdom Racing and driver Davey Hamilton in the 2009 Indianapolis 500. The cars of Duno and Conway all struggled to qualify but made the field on bump day, the final day of qualifications.
Conway and Duno were the last-placed cars running at the finish in the 18th, 19th, 20th positions respectively. Throughout the rest of the season, Conway struggled for consistency, only finishing nine of the seventeen races, but was fast at times on the road courses, finishing on the podium in third at Infineon Raceway. On 2 February 2010 it was announced that Justin Wilson would be joining Dreyer & Reinbold Racing for the 2010 IndyCar season in the #22 Z-Line Designs car. Wilson was to be partnered throughout the season by returning driver Mike Conway. For the opening race in Brazil they were joined by Ana Beatriz. For the 94th running of the Indianapolis 500 the team was expanded to run four cars for Tomas Scheckter and Ana Beatriz. After Conway was sidelined for an accident in the closing stages of the Indy 500, Wilson was partnered by Tomas Scheckter, Graham Rahal and Paul Tracy, it was announced that he will be joined by J. R. Hildebrand who will make his Indycar debut at Mid-Ohio; the Toronto event was Wilson's breakthrough event of the season, after being in the top two in each of the three practice sessions, he dominated qualifying.
Wilson made it to the Firestone Fast Six shootout without using a single set of the faster red walled tires, took the pole for the race after posting a record lap time of 1:00.2710s. Wilson went on to lead much of the race, however after losing grip coming off of turn 11 on a restart late in the race, his car spun and relinquished the lead to Will Power. After Wilson found himself pointing the wrong way in turn 8, he was able to rebound to a seventh-place finish. After healing, Conway left DRR for Andretti Autosport for the 2011 IndyCar season and was replaced by rookie Ana Beatriz and her sponsor Petroleo Ipiranga. On 11 November 2010 an announcement was made confirming Wilson would remain with Dreyer & Reinbold for a second year. On November 17, 2011, Dreyer & Reinbold Racing and Group Lotus PLC announced that DRR would serve as a Lotus factory partner team. Additionally, the historic auto manufacturer provided DRR entries with its new Lotus IndyCar V-6 racing engine for the 2012 IndyCar season.
On January 17, 2012 the team announced Oriol Servia as the teams full-time entry On April 23, Dreyer & Reinbold and Lotus mutually agreed to end their existing engine contract. Subsequently, on