APN Outdoor is an Australian outdoor advertising company based in Sydney, Australia. The company was founded by APN News & Media in 2004 when it consolidated the operations of its acquired outdoor ad firms Cody, Australian Posters and Buspak. In 2011, APN News & Media sold half the business to Quadrant Private Equity, sold the other half for A$70 million in 2013; this severed business links from APN News & Media, despite retaining the name "APN", which caused some confusion in the market until APN News & Media rebranded as HT&E in 2017. The business was listed as a public company on the ASX in 2014. At the time of listing, Quadrant retained a 20% stake in the company and management held 2.5%. Richard Herring was CEO of the company from its founding until retiring after 22 years in 2017. James Warburton became CEO in 2017. In 2017, APN Outdoor had planned to merge with rival outdoor advertising company oOh!media, however both sides cancelled their plans following preliminary concerns from the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.
In June 2018, French multinational firm JCDecaux made a takeover bid worth A$1.1 billion, suggesting APN Outdoor would complement the former's existing Australian assets. Official website
Ardent Leisure is an Australian-based leisure company which owns and operates a leisure portfolio of over 100 assets across Australia, New Zealand and the United States. It is most known for its operation of the Dreamworld theme park and the WhiteWater World water park on the Gold Coast, Australia. Ardent Leisure was known as Macquarie Leisure Trust until it split from Macquarie Group in 2009; the company began by acquiring the existing Dreamworld theme park in 1998. In 2006, Ardent Leisure constructed WhiteWater World. In 2009, Ardent Leisure acquired QDeck. In April 2015 Deborah Thomas, former editor of Cleo and other magazines, was appointed as Chief Executive Officer of Ardent Leisure. Thomas was replaced on 9 June 2017 when Simon Kelly was appointed as Managing Director. Ardent Leisure owns and operates over 100 leisure assets including theme parks, tourist attractions, bowling centres and laser skirmish centres across Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Ardent Leisure began as the company which owned and operated the Dreamworld theme park on the Gold Coast.
Dreamworld was acquired in July 1998 - within a month of its establishment. The theme park has over 30 rides and attractions across a 30-hectare park. In December 2006, an adjacent water park to Dreamworld opened. WhiteWater World features 14 different water attractions including some Australian firsts. Main Event Entertainment is a chain of Family Entertainment Centers in the United States. Based out of Plano, the chain operates attractions including ten pin bowling, laser tag, games arcades, rock climbing, mini golf and Ropes Courses. Main Event operates in 42 locations in 17 states. On Tuesday, 25 October 2016 four people were killed at the Dreamworld theme park owned by Ardent; the Thunder River Rapids Ride they were travelling on malfunctioned and they were thrown onto a flooded conveyor belt. Criticism was levelled when it was proposed to re-open Dreamworld for a memorial event, with proceeds going to the Australian Red Cross, on Friday, 28 October; this was cancelled to allow investigations into the incident to continue unimpeded.
Dreamworlds CEO Craig Davidson said that it would not reopen till at least after all four funerals were held. This was decided by Ardent CEO Deborah Thomas. By coincidence Ardents' annual general meeting was scheduled for 27 October, two days after the accident. During the meeting CEO Deborah Thomas was criticised for not having directly contacted all the families of those killed, she was criticised over her bonuses, totalling about $850,000, which were voted on at the AGM. Thomas said that she would give the cash component of her yearly bonus, equalling A$167,500, to the Red Cross "... to support people affected by this tragic event.”. After the AGM Ardents share price dropped after the incident, reducing its capital by A$310 million. Dreamworld SkyPoint Observation Deck WhiteWater World Ardent Leisure AMF Bowling Dreamworld Kingpin Bowling Main Event AMF Laser Tag SkyPoint WhiteWater World
The chairman is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly. The person holding the office is elected or appointed by the members of the group, the chairman presides over meetings of the assembled group and conducts its business in an orderly fashion. In some organizations, the chairman position is called president, in others, where a board appoints a president, the two different terms are used for distinctly different positions. Other terms sometimes used for the office and its holder include chair, chairwoman, presiding officer, moderator and convenor; the chairman of a parliamentary chamber is called the speaker. The term chair is sometimes used in lieu of chairman, in response to criticisms that using chairman is sexist, it is used today, has been used as a substitute for chairman since the middle of the 17th century, with its earliest citation in the Oxford English Dictionary dated 1658–1659, only four years after the first citation for chairman.
Major dictionaries state that the word derives from a person. A 1994 Canadian study found the Toronto Star newspaper referring to most presiding men as "chairman", to most presiding women as "chairperson" or as "chairwoman"; the Chronicle of Higher Education uses "chairman" for men and "chairperson" for women. An analysis of the British National Corpus found chairman used 1,142 times, chairperson 130 times and chairwoman 68 times; the National Association of Parliamentarians adopted a resolution in 1975 discouraging the use of “chairperson” and rescinded it in 2017. The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times and United Press International all use "chairwoman" or "chairman" when referring to women, forbid use of "chair" or of "chairperson" except in direct quotations. In World Schools Style debating, male chairs are called "Mr. Chairman" and female chairs are called "Madame Chair"; the FranklinCovey Style Guide for Business and Technical Communication, as well as the American Psychological Association style guide, advocate using "chair" or "chairperson", rather than "chairman".
The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style suggests that the gender-neutral forms are gaining ground. It advocates using "chair" to refer both to women; the Telegraph style guide bans the use of both "Chair" and "Chairperson" on the basis that "Chairman" is correct English. The word chair can refer to the place from which the holder of the office presides, whether on a chair, at a lectern, or elsewhere. During meetings, the person presiding is said to be "in the chair" and is referred to as "the chair". Parliamentary procedure requires that members address the "chair" as "Mr. Chairman" rather than using a name – one of many customs intended to maintain the presiding officer's impartiality and to ensure an objective and impersonal approach. In the United States, the presiding officer of the lower house of a legislative body, such as the House of Representatives, is titled the Speaker, while the upper house, such as the Senate, is chaired by a President. In his 1992 State of the Union address, then-U.
S. President George H. W. Bush used "chairman" for men and "chair" for women. In the British music hall tradition, the Chairman was the master of ceremonies who announced the performances and was responsible for controlling any rowdy elements in the audience; the role was popularised on British TV in the 1960s and 1970s by Leonard Sachs, the Chairman on the variety show The Good Old Days."Chairman" as a quasi-title gained particular resonance when socialist states from 1917 onward shunned more traditional leadership labels and stressed the collective control of soviets by beginning to refer to executive figureheads as "Chairman of the X Committee". Vladimir Lenin, for example functioned as the head of Soviet Russia not as tsar or as president but in roles such as "Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR". Note in particular the popular standard method for referring to Mao Zedong: "Chairman Mao". In addition to the administrative or executive duties in organizations, the chairman has the duties of presiding over meetings.
Such duties at meetings include: Calling the meeting to order Determining if a quorum is present Announcing the items on the order of business or agenda as they come up Recognition of members to have the floor Enforcing the rules of the group Putting questions to a vote Adjourning the meetingWhile presiding, the chairman should remain impartial and not interrupt a speaker if the speaker has the floor and is following the rules of the group. In committees or small boards, the chairman votes along with the other members. However, in assemblies or larger boards, the chairman should vote only when it can affect the result. At a meeting, the chairman only has one vote; the powers of the chairman vary across organizations. In some organizations the chairman has the authority to hire staff and make financial decisions, while in others the chairman only makes recommendations to a board of directors, still others the chairman has no executive powers and is a spokesman for the organization; the amount of power given to the chairman depends on the type of organization, its structure, the rules it has created for itself.
If the chairman exceeds the given authority, engages in misconduct, or fails to perform t