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Newcastle Thunder

The Newcastle Thunder are a professional rugby league club based in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. They play in the third tier of rugby league in the United Kingdom, they play their home matches at Kingston Park home to rugby union side Newcastle Falcons. The club was known as Gateshead Thunder until 2015; the club was known as Gateshead Thunder, played their home games at Gateshead International Stadium in Gateshead. The club was formed by supporters of the original Gateshead Thunder after that organisation made the decision to relocate to Hull at the end of the 1999 season; the new club entered the Northern Ford Premiership for the 2001 season, however they struggled to compete, finished 17th out of the 19 clubs. Gateshead continued to struggle in the following season, finishing bottom of the league in 2002; when the Northern Ford Premiership was split into two divisions for the 2003 season the club joined National League Two, again finished in the bottom two, being kept off the bottom only by new entrants London Skolars.

The club's fortunes began to improve in 2005, a seventh-place finish being enough to gain a first place in the play-offs, before losing to Workington Town in their first play-off game. The club again finished seventh in 2006, but went on to lose 46–18 to Featherstone Rovers in the play-offs. In 2008 the club won its first silverware; as champions, the club were promoted to the Championship, avoided on-field relegation by finishing seventh under coach Steve McCormack Thunder's joy at securing a second season in the second tier was however short-lived, as the club was wound up following a dispute between the directors. A new company was formed to continue the club, however the club had to restart as a Championship 1 side being relegated for the 2010 season. Gateshead Thunder were taken over by the owners of rugby union side Newcastle Falcons in 2015; the club was rebranded as Newcastle Thunder and applied for permission to use Kingston Park in Newcastle as their home ground. Further silverware was earned in 2016, when Newcastle defeated North Wales Crusaders to win the League 1 Shield In Out Correct to September 2017 Most tries in a match: 5 by Andy Walker vs London Skolars 22 June 2003 Most points in a season: 246 by Chris Birch, 2005 Most career tries: 64 by Kevin Neighbour, 2001-2013 Most career goals: 137 by Paul Thorman, 2001–2004 Most career points: 365 by Paul Thorman, 2001–2004 Biggest win:98-6 v. West Wales Biggest defeat:132-0 v. Blackpool Highest all-time attendance:6,631 v. Bradford Division 3/ League 1:Winners: 2008 League 1 Shield:Winners: 2016 Newcastle Thunder run player development programmes for U12 through to U16's Thunder run a U16 Scholarship side and an U19 Academy side that play in the Super League U19's structure The 2018 u16 team has seen wins against London Broncos, Widnes Vikings and Leeds Rhinos and the u19's picking up an early season win against Wakefield Trinity Newcastle Thunder website Gateshead Thunder on YouTube National League website Gateshead Thunder forum on rlfans.com Gateshead Thunder Fans Forums – RugbyLeague.org Gateshead Thunder forum on lasttackle.com

Astraptes

Astraptes is the genus of flasher butterflies. They belong to the skipper butterfly subfamily Eudaminae, long included with the spread-winged skippers as a tribe, they are found in the Neotropical ecozones. Species include: Astraptes alardus – frosted flasher – Mexico to Colombia, Brazil A. alardus alardus Suriname, Venezuela A. alardus habana Cuba A. alardus heriul Dominican Republic A. alardus latia Evans, 1952 Mexico, Costa Rica A. alardus aquila Evans, 1952 Colombia Astraptes alector – Gilbert's flasher A. alector alector Colombia A. alector hopfferi Mexico, Central America, Peru Astraptes anaphus – yellow-tipped flasher – South America, Greater Antilles to south Texas A. anaphus anaphus Suriname, Brazil A. anaphus anausis St. Vincent, Dominica, Cuba, Jamaica A. anaphus aniza Evans, 1952 Peru A. anaphus annetta Evans, 1952 Mexico, Costa Rica A. anaphus anoma Evans, 1952 Trinidad Astraptes apastus Guiana, Brazil, Trinidad, Mexico A. apastus apastus Suriname A. apastus pusa Evans, 1952 Brazil Astraptes aulus Panama to Brazil Astraptes brevicauda Belize, Nicaragua, Peru Astraptes cassander Cuba, Costa Rica Astraptes chiriquensis Panama to Colombia A. chiriquensis chiriquensis Mexico, Nicaragua A. chiriquensis meretrix Ecuador A. chiriquensis oenander Brazil A. chiriquensis erana Evans, 1952 Ecuador Astraptes cretatus A. cretatus cretatus Ecuador, Brazil A. cretatus adoba Evans, 1952 Brazil Astraptes creteus Mexico to Amazon Brazil A. creteus creteus Suriname A. creteus siges Brazil A. creteus crana Evans, 1952 south Mexico to Guatemala A. creteus crilla Evans, 1952 Ecuador A. creteus cyprus Evans, 1952 Bolivia Astraptes egregius – small-spotted flasher – Mexico to Colombia, Trinidad A. egregius egregius A. egregius coxeyi Ecuador Astraptes elorus Brazil, Peru, Paraguay, Argentina Astraptes enotrus Guiana, Suriname, Brazil, Trinidad Astraptes erycina Brazil Astraptes fulgerator – two-barred flasher – south Texas, Mexico to Brazil, Argentina, Trinidad A. fulgerator fulgerator Suriname, Peru A. fulgerator azul Reakirt, ) Texas, Bolivia Astraptes fulgor Hayward, 1939) Argentina Astraptes galesus A. galesus galesus Peru, Ecuador A. galesus cassius Evans, 1952 Costa Rica Astraptes halesius French Guiana, Peru Astraptes jaira West Indies, Jamaica Astraptes janeira Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay Astraptes latimargo A. latimargo latimargo Panama A. latimargo bifascia A. latimargo tinda Evans, 1952 Brazil Astraptes mabillei Steinhauser, 1989 Bolivia Astraptes megalurus Mexico, Colombia Astraptes naxos Brazil, Colombia Astraptes palliolum Costa Rica Astraptes phalaecus Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica Astraptes talus Central America to Brazil, Cuba Astraptes tucuti Mexico, Panama Astraptes xagua A. xagua xagua Cuba A. xagua christyis Dominican Republic Bell, E.

L. 1956: Descriptions of some new species of neotropical Hesperiidae. American Museum Novitates 1778: 1-13. Brower, A. V. Z. 2006: Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: ‘ten species’ of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed. Systematics and biodiversity, 4: 127–132. Brower, A. V. Z. 2010: Alleviating the taxonomic impediment of DNA barcoding and setting a bad precedent: names for ten species of ‘Astraptes fulgerator’ with DNA-based diagnoses. Systematics and biodiversity, 8: 485–491. Hübner, 1819: Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge 7: 103.pdf Freeman, 1967: Three new species of Hesperiidae from Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists's Society 21: 115-119. Freeman, H. A. 1969: Records, new species, a new genus of Hesperiidae from Mexico. The Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23: 1-64. Steinhauser, S. R. 1989: Taxonomic notes and descriptions of new taxa in the neotropical Hesperiidae. Part I. Pyrginae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 127: 1-70. Images representing Astraptes at Consortium for the Barcode of Life Butterflies of the Americas images