Temple De Hirsch Sinai
Temple De Hirsch Sinai is a Reform Jewish congregation with campuses in Seattle and nearby Bellevue, Washington, USA. It was formed as a 1971 merger between the earlier Temple De Hirsch and Temple Sinai and is the largest Reform congregation in the Pacific Northwest; the old Temple De Hirsch building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but was demolished in 1993. Part of the façade remains; when Seattle's "quasi-Reform" Ohaveth Sholum Congregation, founded 1889, disbanded because of financial hardships after the Panic of 1893, Seattle's liberal Jews were left without a synagogue. Temple De Hirsch was founded as a Reform synagogue in 1899, named after Jewish philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch. Construction of a synagogue was begun at Marion Street in Seattle. A cornerstone was laid in 1901, a basement was built. Construction on the new Temple De Hirsch designed by Seattle-based architect Julian F. Everett was begun in 1907, completed in 1908, dedicated on the congregation's ninth anniversary, May 29, 1908.
An adjacent Temple Center opened in housing a religion school and other organizations. This temple building was demolished in 1993 after an unsuccessful attempt to work out a way to repurpose it as an arts venue; that effort did, end up salvaging a different former religious building: Seattle's Fourth Church of Christ, now Town Hall Seattle. The current sanctuary at 16th Avenue and Pike Street—the opposite corner of the same block as the old temple—was completed in 1960; that current building was designed by B. Marcus Priteca, John Detlie, John Peck. Priteca was a noted theater architect: he designed all of Alexander Pantages' theaters between 1910 and 1929, as well as the landmark Seattle synagogue, Chevra Bikur Cholim, now the Langston Hughes Performing Arts Center. A Ladies Auxiliary was formed within months of the congregation's founding; the first rabbi of Temple De Hirsch was Theodore Joseph from Pennsylvania. His successor, Samuel Koch, was senior rabbi from 1906 to 1942. During Koch's time, Temple De Hirsch solidified its position as an important and expanding congregation, with a religion school attended not only by children of the congregation but by some whose parents were not Reform Jews.
In 1909, Koch established a newsletter, Temple Tidings a weekly and a monthly publication. Upon Koch's retirement, he was succeeded by Raphael H. Levine, who served as senior rabbi from 1942 to 1970. Levine was a devoted ecumenicist, co-hosting a television program called Challenge with a Catholic priest and a Protestant minister. Challenge aired for 14 years, first on KOMO-TV and on KING-TV, both in Seattle. Rabbi Levine founded the Pacific Association of Reform Rabbis, the ecumenical Camp Brotherhood, a religious and cultural center for Christians and Jews, co-founded Camp Swig, an educational and recreational camp for Jewish youth, played a significant role in the expansion of Children's Orthopedic Hospital, now Seattle Children's. Rabbi Levine's successor, Earl S. Starr, was senior rabbi from 1970, he saw through the merger of congregations and remained senior rabbi of Temple De Hirsch Sinai until 2001. Like all of his predecessors at Temple De Hirsch, he carried on a long tradition of community service and outreach.
Temple De Hirsch has at least two claims to fame in the history of music. Samuel E. Goldfarb, co-composer of the Hanukkah song "I Have a Little Dreidel" was music director of Temple De Hirsch from 1930 to 1968. Using a farm system that allowed youth to "graduate" from one level of choir to another, he created one of the country's finest temple choirs. More unusually, Jimi Hendrix played his first professional gig as a musician in the Temple De Hirsch basement. Temple De Hirsch Sinai retained both the Temple Sinai facility; the original Bellevue facility was sold in 2001, when a new facility was constructed in the Eastgate area of Bellevue. Rabbi Starr served as senior rabbi until his retirement in July 2001, when he was succeeded by Daniel A. Weiner, who holds the position; the Seattle building shares facilities with a local private school, the Seattle Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Bellevue facility shares facilities with the Emerald Heights Academy. The Temple De Hirsch Sinai Libraries were founded in 1908 and continue to provide a wealth of information for the congregation and community.
In both Seattle and Bellevue sites, it contains over 10,000 books, periodicals and CDs. It specializes in materials on Judaism, Culture and the Holocaust; the Benjamin Zukor Children's Library composes about one third of the total library collection and is spread over both library sites. It contains non-fiction for children and teens. An online catalog and events can be found at lib.tdhs-nw.org. Media related to Temple De Hirsch Sinai at Wikimedia Commons Temple De Hirsch Sinai official website
Virginia Mason Medical Center
Virginia Mason Medical Center, founded in 1920, is a private, non-profit organization located in Seattle, Washington, USA. Virginia Mason Medical Center is organized into a "system of integrated health services:" a multi-specialty group practice employing more than 450 primary care and specialized physicians. Virginia Mason engages in philanthropic efforts through its Virginia Mason Foundation, under the guidance of a community board. Virginia Mason Medical Center was founded in 1920 by three physicians: John M. Blackford, James Tate Mason, Maurice Dwyer. Two years it created its own school of nursing, which became affiliated with the University of Washington in 1957. In 1960, Alan E. Nourse, an intern at Virginia Mason, wrote The Intern. In 1985, Virginia Mason installed the first lithotripter in the Pacific Northwest. In 2002, Virginia Mason spearheaded an effort to improve patient safety and quality of care by adopting the Toyota Production System to health care. Named the Virginia Mason Production System, Virginia Mason was the first health care institution to implement the TPS philosophy throughout the institution.
The two main tenets of this system are to minimize waste through just-in-time production and eliminate defects in the system by empowering staff to "stop the line" whenever they detect a patient safety or quality problem. The problem is analyzed and a solution tested out in a Rapid Process Improvement Workshop. VMPS is reported to have saved the institution $12 to 15 million over the course of six years, their efforts have resulted in Virginia Mason being named Leapfrog Group's top hospitals, one of two top hospitals of the decade in 2010. In 2007, the Seattle Seahawks named their new training facility on Lake Washington the Virginia Mason Athletic Center, as "part of a broad Seattle Seahawks and Virginia Mason partnership to support the health and well-being of our community."In 2008, Virginia Mason Medical Center established a breast clinic staffed by nurse practitioners to provide comprehensive testing and interpretation services such as breast examinations and ultrasound to reduce unnecessary imaging studies and physician visits.
In 2012, Virginia Mason joined Cleveland Clinic, Geisinger Medical Center, Mayo Clinic, Mercy Hospital Springfield, Scott & White Memorial Hospital as a preferred provider in Walmart's "Center of Excellence" employee healthcare program, as a specialist in cardiac procedures, including "coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve replacement/repair, closures of heart defects and aortic aneurysm repair"In 2014, the medical center announced that it will offer bundled payments and warranties for total hip and total knee replacements for self-insured employers and private insurers. Jeremy Hunt announced a five-year, £12.5m programme to bring in Virginia Mason to assist five English NHS trusts using clinical engagement and culture tools including the Patient Safety Alert System and electronic dashboard. Hunt said “The achievements at Virginia Mason over the past decade are inspirational and I’m delighted they will now help NHS staff to learn the lessons that made their hospital one of the safest in the world – patients will see real benefits as a result.”
In 2016, Virginia Mason Medical Center formally affiliated with Yakima Valley Memorial Hospital.. Virginia Mason's CEO was paid $11.7 million in 2016, a near record for a "non-profit" health system. Official website Virginia Mason Institute Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason Bailey-Boushay House
Garfield High School (Seattle)
James A. Garfield High School is a public high school in the Seattle Public Schools district of Seattle, Washington, US. Located along 23rd Avenue between E. Alder and E. Jefferson Streets in Seattle's urban Central District, Garfield draws students from all over the city. Garfield is one of two options for the district's Highly Capable Cohort for academically gifted students, with the other being Ingraham International School; as a result, it has many college-level classes available ranging from calculus-based physics to Advanced Placement studio art. James A. Garfield High School was founded in 1923 as East High School at its current location; the first graduating class consisted of only 282 students. In three years, the school's enrollment forced the 12-room building to be scrapped for the Jacobean-style building designed by Floyd Naramore. In 1929, the city commissioned the architect to design an addition for the school as enrollment peaked at 2,300 students. Garfield High School has long played a key role in its neighborhood, because the Central District has changed, so has the school's population.
In its early decades, the school was noted for its Jewish and Italian populations. After World War II, the neighborhood became predominantly African-American and by 1961, 51 percent of Garfield students were black, compared to only 5.3 percent of the general Seattle school district population. In the late 1960s and 1970s, Garfield was at the center of the school district's attempts to avoid forced busing through various plans, including turning it into a "magnet" school; this began the focus on science that persist to the present day. The school introduced an APP Program in 1979, due to the success of this program, an alternative program, IBx, was opened for APP students at Ingraham International High School in North Seattle to help relieve pressure on an overcrowded Garfield. Notable people who have spoken at Garfield include Jesse Jackson. Civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael spoke at the school in 1967. Former President Barack Obama gave a speech in 2006 regarding "Innovation in Education".
During a 2012 school field trip, one of the school's students raped another student. The school's mishandling of the ensuing investigation resulted in an ongoing federal investigation of the school district for Title IX sexual violence violations; the buildings have lasted for more than eight decades, but they were demolished in a sweeping redesign of the school that began in June 2006. The remodel was completed by the fall of 2008, making the class of 2009 the only class to attend classes in both the old and new buildings. There was a movement to hold off the remodeling to preserve the building's history, including a city initiative to preserve the Quincy Jones auditorium as a historic site, thereby blocking the remodeling; the new design has a state-of-the-art performing arts center. After its renovation, Garfield had become the second most expensive high school in the state, after Stadium High School, with Stadium High at $106 million and Garfield at $105 million; the school reopened in time for 2008 classes on September 3.
Faculty and students vacated their temporary quarters at Lincoln High School at the end of the 2007–2008 school year. Garfield High School's architecture makes extensive use of terracotta. Among the many terracotta details worked into the building are emblems of botany, the trades and crafts, industry and the sciences. Of the 400 students who graduated in 2011, 70 percent planned to attend four-year colleges, 20 percent planned to attend two-year colleges. Garfield has over 200 students in ELL programs, along with 415 APP students; the school offers 17 Advanced Placement and 10 honors courses. In 2012, the mean reading and writing SAT scores for Garfield students were 575, 578 and 569, respectively. Garfield was one of 14 schools in King County in 2007 to receive the "School of Distinction" award from the office of superintendent of public instruction for making the most progress over six years in reading and writing on the WASL; the school had a silver medal of distinction from U. S. News and World Report in 2008 and 2009 for being among the top-performing high schools in terms of college readiness.
The school is noted for producing a number of National Merit Scholars each year, Garfield produces more National Merit Scholars each year than any other public school in Washington state. Garfield competes for the highest number of National Merit Scholars of any school in the state, including private schools. Garfield students make up more than 70 percent of the Seattle Public School students who take AP exams; each year there are dozens of valedictorians. In June 2005, 44 valedictorians graduated. In recent years, the school has faced widespread complaints that white students are served through AP and honors programs, black students are not supported. During the 2006–2007 school year Garfield offered more than 120 different classes across nine departments, including an extensive selection of advanced classes. Garfield students can take classes from local community colleges through a program called Running Start, online courses from Stanford's EPGY and Johns Hopkins University's CTY program; some students attend on-campus courses at the University of Washington.
In January 2013, the entire teaching body of Garfield High School refused to administer the standardized Measures of Academic Progress, or MAP, administered system-wide, three times per year. The teachers called the tests useless and a was
The Seattle Symphony is an American orchestra based in Seattle, Washington. Since 1998, the orchestra is resident at Benaroya Hall; the orchestra serves as the accompanying orchestra for most productions of the Seattle Opera, in addition to its own concerts. The orchestra gave its first performance with Harry West conducting. Known from its founding as the Seattle Symphony, it was renamed in 1911 as the Seattle Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1919, the orchestra was reorganized with new bylaws under the name Seattle Symphony Orchestra; the 1921–22 season was cancelled due to financial problems. The orchestra was revived in 1926 under the direction of Karl Krueger. In 1947, the Seattle Symphony merged with the Tacoma Philharmonic to form the Pacific Northwest Symphony Orchestra. Performances were held in Seattle and Olympia, with conducting duties split between Carl Bricken and Eugene Linden; this arrangement ceased after one season. A feud between the musicians and the board surfaced in 1948, a majority of the musicians divorced themselves from the board and created a new orchestra called the Seattle Orchestra, a partnership operated by the musicians themselves, who chose Linden as their conductor.
The Seattle Symphony announced a separate orchestra season with eighteen concerts at the old Meany Hall for the Performing Arts on the University of Washington campus. The symphony was to be directed by Stanley Chapple, a series of guest conductors: Artur Rodzinski, Jacques Singer, Erich Leinsdorf. Personnel for the Seattle Symphony were announced in the press on October 24, 1948, included a few musicians who had chosen not to defect to the Seattle Orchestra and some new faces as well; the Seattle Symphony season was postponed and cancelled. The Seattle Orchestra, gave its first performance on November 23, 1948. An accommodation was reached between the Seattle Symphony and the Seattle Orchestra, the two organizations merged, the name "Seattle Symphony Orchestra" was retained; the partnership system was retained, musicians gained access onto the board. The partnership system was dissolved at the request of Milton Katims in 1955. So, for most of its 100-year history, today, the ensemble is known by the two-word name "Seattle Symphony".
Gerard Schwarz became music advisor of the orchestra in 1983 and principal conductor in 1984, before being named music director in 1985. Under Schwarz's leadership, the orchestra became known for performing works of twentieth-century composers neglected American composers. Together and the orchestra have made more than 100 commercial recordings, including the major orchestral works of Howard Hanson and David Diamond as well as works by Charles Tomlinson Griffes, Walter Piston, Paul Creston, William Schuman, Alan Hovhaness, Morton Gould, David Diamond, others, for Delos International and Naxos Records; the orchestra received its first Grammy nomination in January 1990 for a 1989 recording of music of Howard Hanson. The orchestra recorded a musical score to the SeaWorld, stage show A'lure, The Call of the Ocean plus the score for the motion picture Die Hard With a Vengeance. Schwarz received praise for his championing of his skills in fund-raising. However, his tenure was marked by controversies between him and several symphony musicians, which included several legal disputes.
In September 2008, the orchestra announced the conclusion of Schwarz's music directorship after the 2010–2011 season, at which time Schwarz became the orchestra's conductor laureate. Ludovic Morlot first guest-conducted the Seattle Symphony in October 2009, he returned in April 2010, as a substitute conductor in the wake of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruptions. Based on these appearance, in June 2010, the orchestra announced the appointment of Morlot as its 15th music director, effective with the 2011–2012 season, with an initial contract of six years. During Morlot's tenure, the orchestra initiated its own recording label,'Seattle Symphony Media'. In July 2015, the orchestra announced the extension of Morlot's contract through the 2018-2019 season. Morlot has taken particular interest in fostering music from Seattle-based composers, including composers within the orchestra itself, his work with the orchestra has included the commissioning and premiere of John Luther Adams' Become Ocean, which went on to win the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Music and the 2015 Grammy Award for Best Classical Contemporary Composition.
The commercial recording of Become Ocean, for Cantaloupe Music, led to a donation by Taylor Swift to the Seattle Symphony of USD $50,000. Morlot and the orchestra have received additional Grammy Awards for their recordings of music of Henri Dutilleux. In April 2017, the orchestra announced that Morlot is to conclude his tenure as music director at the end of the 2018–2019 season. Thomas Dausgaard first guest-conducted the orchestra in 2013. In October 2013, the orchestra named Dausgaard its next principal guest conductor, effective with the 2014-2015 season, with an initial contract of 3 years. In March 2016, the orchestra announced the extension of Dausgaard's contract as principal guest conductor through the 2019-2020 season. In October 2017, the orchestra announced the appointment of Dausgaard as its next music director, effective with the 2018-2019 season, with an initial contract of 4 seasons. Writer's Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Washington. Washington: A Guide to the Evergreen State.
Portland, OR: Binfords & Mort. p. 138. OCLC 5847836. Seattle Symphony official website University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections - The Milton Katims Audio Col
History of the Jews in Lebanon
The history of the Jews in Lebanon encompasses the presence of Jews in present-day Lebanon stretching back to Biblical times. Following large-scale emigration following the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, much more the Lebanese Civil War, the vast majority of Lebanese Jews now live in Western countries and many live in Israel; as the latest census in Lebanon was conducted in 1932, there are no statistics available. The discrepancy between the number of registered Lebanese Jews and number cited by locals and the Lebanese Jewish Community Council might be caused by the Lebanese registration policy relative to religion: a newborn's religion is that of his father, this applies to Jewish nationals despite Jewish customs; the Lebanese Jews are a Sephardi community living in and around Beirut. Their number at present is estimated around 40; the community has been described as apprehensive. There are no services at Beirut's synagogues. An estimated 6,000 Lebanese Jews emigrated in the wake of the 1967 Arab–Israeli War, shrinking the community down to 450 by 1975.
The Lebanese Civil War and 1982 war with Israel further reduced the number of Jews in the country. All of the emigration was to countries with well established Lebanese or Lebanese Jewish diaspora, such as France, Switzerland and the United States. In pre-Biblical times, the region between Gaza and Anatolia was a single cultural unit. Despite the lack of any central political authority, the region shared a common language family and way of life; this included some of the world's first permanent settlements arranged around early agricultural communities and independent city states, many of which maintained a wide network of trade relations throughout the Mediterranean and beyond. By the time of the Israelite Kingdoms and Israel could be recognized as distinct entities, although they remained close allies, experiencing the same fates with changing regional developments. During this period, parts of modern Lebanon were under the control of Jerusalem, Jews lived as far north as Baal-Hermon on the slopes of Mount Hermon.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the territory of the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali extended into present-day Lebanon as far as Sidon in the north. These tribes formed part of the united Kingdom of Israel and the northern kingdom of the same name. However, Assyria captured Naphtali in c. 732 BCE and deported its population, a fate which befell the rest of the northern kingdom in c. 723 BCE. The New Testament refers to Jesus's sojourn around Mount Hermon which appears to take for granted Jewish presence in this locality; some people add the locality of Qana but the Bible avoids confusion by referring to it as "Qana of Galilee". Following the Bar Kokhba Revolt against Rome in 132 CE, several Jewish communities were established in Lebanon. Caliph Muawiya established a Jewish community in Lebanon. Another was founded in 922 in Sidon; the Jewish Academy was established in Tyre in 1071. In the 19th century, hostility between the Druze and Maronites communities led many Jews to leave Deir al Qamar, with most moving to Hasbaya by the end of the century.
In 1911, Jews from Italy, Syria, Turkey and Iran moved to Beirut, expanding the community there with more than 5,000 additional members. Articles 9 and 10 of the 1926 Constitution of Lebanon guaranteed the freedom of religion and provided each religious community, including the Jewish community, the right to manage its own civil matters, including education, thus the Jewish community was constitutionally protected, a fact that did not apply to other Jewish communities in the region; the Jewish community prospered under the French mandate and Greater Lebanon, exerting considerable influence throughout Lebanon and beyond. They allied themselves with Pierre Gemayel's Phalangist Party and played an instrumental role in the establishment of Lebanon as an independent state. During the Greater Lebanon period, two Jewish newspapers were founded, the Arabic language Al-Alam al-Israili and the French Le Commerce du Levant, an economic periodical which still publishes; the Jewish community of Beirut evolved in three distinct phases.
Until 1908, the Jewish population in Beirut grew by migration from the Syrian interior and from other Ottoman cities like Izmir, Salonica and Baghdad. Commercial growth in the thriving port-city, consular protection, relative safety and stability in Beirut all accounted for the Jewish migration. Thus, from a few hundred at the beginning of the 19th century, the Jewish community grew to 2,500 by the end of the century, to 3,500 by the First World War. While the number of Jews grew the community remained unorganized. During this period, the community lacked some of the fundamental institutions such as communal statutes, elected council and taxation mechanisms. In this period, the most organized and well-known Jewish institution in the city was the private Tiferet Israel boarding-school founded by Zaki Cohen in 1874; the school attracted Jewish students from prosperous families like Shloush and Sassoon. Its founder, influenced by the