Seattle is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of Washington. With an estimated 730,000 residents as of 2018, Seattle is the largest city in both the state of Washington and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. According to U. S. Census data released in 2018, the Seattle metropolitan area’s population stands at 3.87 million, ranks as the 15th largest in the United States. In July 2013, it was the fastest-growing major city in the United States and remained in the Top 5 in May 2015 with an annual growth rate of 2.1%. In July 2016, Seattle was again the fastest-growing major U. S. city, with a 3.1% annual growth rate. Seattle is the northernmost large city in the United States; the city is situated on an isthmus between Puget Sound and Lake Washington, about 100 miles south of the Canada–United States border. A major gateway for trade with Asia, Seattle is the fourth-largest port in North America in terms of container handling as of 2015; the Seattle area was inhabited by Native Americans for at least 4,000 years before the first permanent European settlers.
Arthur A. Denny and his group of travelers, subsequently known as the Denny Party, arrived from Illinois via Portland, Oregon, on the schooner Exact at Alki Point on November 13, 1851; the settlement was moved to the eastern shore of Elliott Bay and named "Seattle" in 1852, in honor of Chief Si'ahl of the local Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. Today, Seattle has high populations of Native, Scandinavian and Asian Americans, as well as a thriving LGBT community that ranks 6th in the United States for population. Logging was Seattle's first major industry, but by the late 19th century, the city had become a commercial and shipbuilding center as a gateway to Alaska during the Klondike Gold Rush. Growth after World War II was due to the local Boeing company, which established Seattle as a center for aircraft manufacturing; the Seattle area developed into a technology center from the 1980s onwards with companies like Microsoft becoming established in the region. Internet retailer Amazon was founded in Seattle in 1994, major airline Alaska Airlines is based in SeaTac, serving Seattle's international airport, Seattle–Tacoma International Airport.
The stream of new software and Internet companies led to an economic revival, which increased the city's population by 50,000 between 1990 and 2000. Owing to its increasing population in the 21st century and the state of Washington have some of the highest minimum wages in the country, at $15 per hour for smaller businesses and $16 for the city's largest employers. Seattle has a noteworthy musical history. From 1918 to 1951, nearly two dozen jazz nightclubs existed along Jackson Street, from the current Chinatown/International District to the Central District; the jazz scene nurtured the early careers of Ray Charles, Quincy Jones, Ernestine Anderson, others. Seattle is the birthplace of rock musician Jimi Hendrix, as well as the origin of the bands Nirvana, Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Foo Fighters and the alternative rock movement grunge. Archaeological excavations suggest that Native Americans have inhabited the Seattle area for at least 4,000 years. By the time the first European settlers arrived, the people occupied at least seventeen villages in the areas around Elliott Bay.
The first European to visit the Seattle area was George Vancouver, in May 1792 during his 1791–95 expedition to chart the Pacific Northwest. In 1851, a large party led by Luther Collins made a location on land at the mouth of the Duwamish River. Thirteen days members of the Collins Party on the way to their claim passed three scouts of the Denny Party. Members of the Denny Party claimed land on Alki Point on September 28, 1851; the rest of the Denny Party set sail from Portland and landed on Alki point during a rainstorm on November 13, 1851. After a difficult winter, most of the Denny Party relocated across Elliott Bay and claimed land a second time at the site of present-day Pioneer Square, naming this new settlement Duwamps. Charles Terry and John Low remained at the original landing location and reestablished their old land claim and called it "New York", but renamed "New York Alki" in April 1853, from a Chinook word meaning "by and by" or "someday". For the next few years, New York Alki and Duwamps competed for dominance, but in time Alki was abandoned and its residents moved across the bay to join the rest of the settlers.
David Swinson "Doc" Maynard, one of the founders of Duwamps, was the primary advocate to name the settlement after Chief Seattle of the Duwamish and Suquamish tribes. The name "Seattle" appears on official Washington Territory papers dated May 23, 1853, when the first plats for the village were filed. In 1855, nominal land settlements were established. On January 14, 1865, the Legislature of Territorial Washington incorporated the Town of Seattle with a board of trustees managing the city; the Town of Seattle was disincorporated on January 18, 1867, remained a mere precinct of King County until late 1869, when a new petition was filed and the city was re-incorporated December 2, 1869, with a mayor–council government. The corporate seal of the City of Seattle carries the date "1869" and a likeness of Chief Sealth in left profile. Seattle has a history of boom-and-bust cycles, like many other cities near areas of extensive natural and mineral resources. Seattle has risen several times economically gone into precipitous decline, but it has used those periods to rebuild solid infrastructure
Fantasia (1940 film)
Fantasia is a 1940 American animated film produced by Walt Disney and released by Walt Disney Productions. With story direction by Joe Grant and Dick Huemer, production supervision by Ben Sharpsteen, it is the third Disney animated feature film; the film consists of eight animated segments set to pieces of classical music conducted by Leopold Stokowski, seven of which are performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra. Music critic and composer Deems Taylor acts as the film's Master of Ceremonies, providing a live-action introduction to each animated segment. Disney settled on the film's concept as work neared completion on The Sorcerer's Apprentice, an elaborate Silly Symphonies short designed as a comeback role for Mickey Mouse, who had declined in popularity; as production costs grew higher than what it could earn, Disney decided to include the short in a feature-length film with other segments set to classical pieces. The soundtrack was recorded using multiple audio channels and reproduced with Fantasound, a pioneering sound reproduction system that made Fantasia the first commercial film shown in stereophonic sound.
Fantasia was first released as a theatrical roadshow held in thirteen U. S. cities from November 13, 1940. While acclaimed by critics, it was unable to make a profit due to World War II cutting off distribution to the European market, the film's high production costs, the expense of leasing theatres and installing the Fantasound equipment for the roadshow presentations; the film was subsequently reissued multiple times with its original footage and audio being deleted, modified, or restored in each version. Fantasia is the 23rd highest-grossing film of all time in the U. S. when adjusted for inflation. The Fantasia franchise has grown to include video games, Disneyland attractions, a live concert. A sequel, Fantasia 2000, co-produced by Roy E. Disney, was released in 1999. Fantasia has grown in reputation over the years and is now acclaimed. Fantasia opens with live action scenes of members of an orchestra gathering against a blue background and tuning their instruments in half-light, half-shadow.
Master of ceremonies Deems Taylor introduces the program. Toccata and Fugue in D Minor by Johann Sebastian Bach. Live-action shots of the orchestra illuminated in blue and gold, backed by superimposed shadows, fade into abstract patterns. Animated lines and cloud formations reflect the sound and rhythms of the music. Nutcracker Suite by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Selections from the ballet suite underscore scenes depicting the changing of the seasons from summer to autumn to winter. A variety of dances are presented with fairies, flowers and leaves, including "Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy", "Chinese Dance", "Arabian Dance", "Russian Dance", "Dance of the Flutes" and "Waltz of the Flowers"; the Sorcerer's Apprentice by Paul Dukas. Based on Goethe's 1797 poem "Der Zauberlehrling". Mickey Mouse, the young apprentice of the sorcerer Yen Sid, attempts some of his master's magic tricks but does not know how to control them. Rite of Spring by Igor Stravinsky. A visual history of the Earth's beginnings is depicted to selected sections of the ballet score.
The sequence progresses from the planet's formation to the first living creatures, followed by the reign and extinction of the dinosaurs. Intermission/Meet the Soundtrack: The orchestra musicians depart and the Fantasia title card is revealed. After the intermission there is a brief jam session of jazz music led by a clarinettist as the orchestra members return. A humorously stylized demonstration of how sound is rendered on film is shown. An animated sound track "character" a straight white line, changes into different shapes and colors based on the sounds played; the Pastoral Symphony by Ludwig van Beethoven. A mythical Greco-Roman world of colorful centaurs and "centaurettes", cupids and other figures from classical mythology is portrayed to Beethoven's music. A gathering for a festival to honor Bacchus, the god of wine, is interrupted by Zeus, who creates a storm and directs Vulcan to forge lightning bolts for him to throw at the attendees. Dance of the Hours by Amilcare Ponchielli. A comic ballet in four sections: Madame Upanova and her ostriches.
The finale finds all of the characters dancing together until their palace collapses. Night on Bald Mountain by Modest Mussorgsky and Ave Maria by Franz Schubert. At midnight the devil Chernabog awakes and summons evil spirits and restless souls from their graves to Bald Mountain; the spirits dance and fly through the air until driven back by the sound of an Angelus bell as night fades into dawn. A chorus is heard singing Ave Maria as a line of robed monks is depicted walking with lighted torches through a forest and into the ruins of a cathedral. In 1936, Walt Disney felt that the Disney studio's star character Mickey Mouse needed a boost in popularity, he decided to feature the mouse in The Sorcerer's Apprentice, a deluxe cartoon short based on the poem written by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and set to the orchestral piece by Paul Dukas inspired by the original tale. The concept of matching animation to classical music was used as early as 1928 in Disney's cartoon series, the Silly Symphonies, but he wanted to go beyond the usual slapstick, produce shorts where "sheer fantasy unfolds... action controlled by a musical pattern has great charm in the realm of unreality."
Upon receiving the rights to use the music by the end of Ju
Uncle Scrooge is a comic book starring Scrooge McDuck, his nephew Donald Duck, grandnephews Huey and Louie, revolving around their adventures in Duckburg and around the world. It was first published in Four Color Comics #386 March 1952, as a spin-off of the popular "Donald Duck" series and is still presently ongoing, it has been produced under the aegis of several different publishers, including Western Publishing, Gladstone Publishing, Disney Comics, Gemstone Publishing, Boom! Studios, IDW Publishing, has undergone several hiatuses of varying length. Despite this, it has maintained the same numbering scheme throughout its six decade history, with only IDW adding a secondary numbering that started at #1. Besides Scrooge and his family, recurring characters include Gyro Gearloose, Gladstone Gander, Emily Quackfaster, Brigitta MacBridge. Among the adversaries who make repeat appearances are the Beagle Boys, Magica De Spell, John D. Rockerduck and Flintheart Glomgold. Uncle Scrooge is one of the core titles of the "Duck universe".
Its early issues by famed writer/artist Carl Barks formed the inspiration for the syndicated television cartoon DuckTales in the late 1980s. Several stories written by Barks and published in Uncle Scrooge were adapted as episodes of DuckTales; the first 70 issues consisted of stories written and drawn by Carl Barks. The 71st issue had a story drawn by Tony Strobl. Subsequent Gold Key Comics issues combined reprints of earlier Barks tales with new material by creators such as Strobl, Vic Lockman, Phil DeLara, Jack Manning, Pete Alvarado; when Gladstone Publishing relaunched the title in 1986, a new generation of American creators began contributing to the title, including Don Rosa, William Van Horn, John Lustig, Pat McGreal, Dave Rawson, Michael T. Gilbert; as before, their work was intermingled with Carl Barks reprints, as well as with translations of European Disney comics by such creators as Daan Jippes, Fred Milton and Romano Scarpa published by Oberon and Disney Italy/Mondadori. Dell Comics: 1952–1962 Gold Key Comics: 1962–1984 Gladstone Publishing: 1986–1990 Disney Comics: 1990–1993 Gladstone Publishing: 1993–1998 Gemstone Publishing: 2003–2008 Boom Kids!: 2009–2011 IDW Publishing: 2015– Scrooge made his first appearance in the Donald Duck story "Christmas on Bear Mountain" as a curmudgeonly man who decides to test Donald and his nephews to see if they are worthy of inheriting his wealth.
Barks found the character and his wealth a useful springboard for stories and re-used him in a number of subsequent Donald Duck one-shot adventures and ten pagers appearing in Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. By 1952 the popularity of the character convinced Dell to give Scrooge a try-out as a lead character in the seminal "Only a Poor Old Man" in Dell's Four Color anthology series, a story Barks expert Michael Barrier has termed a masterpiece. After two further Four Color appearances Scrooge was granted his own title starting with issue number 4; the series continued uninterrupted until 1984, when Western Publishing withdrew from the comic book business. Western had held the Disney comic book license since the late 1930s, their withdrawal left the license, Uncle Scrooge, in limbo for two years, when Another Rainbow, publishing hardbound compilations of Carl Barks's work for several years, acquired it and launched Gladstone Publishing, resuming the title where Whitman had left off. Gladstone continued publishing Uncle Scrooge until their license expired in 1990.
At that point, the series shifted over to Disney Comics with little change in editorial direction. It was one of only three monthly titles to survive the "Disney implosion" of 1991, continued to be published by Disney Comics until 1993, when Disney Comics folded and the license was reacquired by Gladstone Publishing. Gladstone went through their own implosion in 1998, Uncle Scrooge was converted into a double-sized, "prestige" format series, before Gladstone ended publication later that year. No further issues were published until 2003, when Gemstone Publishing acquired the license and resumed publication of Uncle Scrooge. Gemstone maintained the prestige format adopted by Gladstone, continued to publish the series until November 2008. Financial difficulties at Gemstone ended its run and the license was acquired by Boom! Studios, who reverted to the standard 32 page format when they began publication in late 2009. Boom's run ended in 2011, when the Walt Disney Company's acquisition of Marvel Entertainment lead to the consolidation of all Disney comics licenses under Marvel Comics.
In January 2015, IDW Publishing announced that they would be publishing the title, starting in April 2015. Over the years, Scrooge McDuck has proven popular enough to appear as the main character in a number of other comic book series. Many of these series include republications of stories written for the "main" Uncle Scrooge title in th
Western Publishing known as Western Printing and Lithographing Company, was a Racine, firm responsible for publishing the Little Golden Books. Its Golden Books Family Entertainment division produced children's books and family-related entertainment products; the company had editorial offices in California. Western Publishing became Golden Books Family Entertainment from 1996 to fall 2001; as of 2013, Little Golden Books remains as an imprint of Penguin Random House. Edward Henry Wadewitz, the 30-year-old son of German immigrants, worked at the West Side Printing Company in Racine, Wisconsin; when the owner was unable to pay Wadewitz his wages, Wadewitz in 1907 took the opportunity to purchase the company for $2,504, with some of the funds provided by his brother Albert. Knowing that the company needed staff with more knowledge of the business than he had, Wadewitz hired Roy A. Spencer, a printer at the Racine Journal Company. At the end of its first year sales were $5,000 and the company increased its staff of four to handle a growing number of commercial jobs.
It installed a cylinder press, two smaller presses, an automatic power cutter. In 1910, the company changed its name to Western Printing and Lithographing Company after the purchase of its first lithographic press. By 1914, sales were more than $127,000; the company added electrotyping and engraving departments. Wadewitz was approached by the Hamming-Whitman Publishing Company of Chicago to print its line of children's books. Unable to pay its bills, Hamming-Whitman left Western with thousands of books; as a result, Western acquired Hamming-Whitman on February 9, 1916, formed a subsidiary corporation, Whitman Publishing Company. It employed two salesmen and, in the first year, grossed more than $43,500 liquidating the remaining Hamming-Whitman books. In 1916, Sam Lowe joined Western, he convinced Western and Whitman to publish a 10-cent children's book in 1918 and convinced retailers that children's books could be sold year-round. Western introduced boxed games and jigsaw puzzles in 1923 after purchasing a 38-inch by 52-inch Potter offset press.
By 1925, sales exceeded $1 million. Western added another subsidiary, the Western Playing Card Company after purchasing the Sheffer Playing Card Company. In 1929, Western purchased a Chicago stationery and greeting card manufacturer, Stationer's Engraving Company. Another subsidiary was K. K. Publications, named after Kay Kamen, manager of character merchandising at Walt Disney Studios from 1933 to 1949. K. K. Publications became defunct during the mid/late 1960s. During the Great Depression between 1929 and 1933, Western introduced new products: The Whitman jigsaw puzzle became popular during this period as did a new series of books called Big Little Books. Brought out in 1932, the 10-cent Big Little Books became popular with people looking for inexpensive entertainment; the first Big Little Book was The Adventures of Dick Tracy. Western won exclusive book rights to all Walt Disney licensed characters in 1933, in 1934 established an eastern printing plant located in Poughkeepsie, New York; the printing plant allowed a close relationship to develop with the publishers Dell Publishing Company and Simon & Schuster, Inc.
From 1938 to 1962 Dell Publishing and Western produced color comic books featuring many of Western's licensed characters. In 1938, the first joint effort between Western and Simon & Schuster, A Children’s History, was published. In the 1930s, Western formed the Artists and Writers Guild Inc. located in New York City, to develop new children's books. Western expanded to the West Coast in the early 1940s, opening an office in Beverly Hills to make it easier to do business with studios that owned the characters the company licensed. Georges Duplaix replaced Sam Lowe as head of the Artists and Writers Guild in 1940 when Lowe left the company. Duplaix had the idea to produce a colorful, more durable and affordable children's book than those being published at that time which sold for $2 to $3. With the help of Lucile Olge working at the Guild, Duplaix contacted Albert Leventhal, a vice president and sales manager at Simon & Schuster, Leon Shimkin at Simon & Schuster, with his idea; the group decided to publish twelve titles for simultaneous release in what was to be called the Little Golden Books Series.
Each book would have forty-two pages, twenty-eight printed in two-color, fourteen in four-color. The books would be staple-bound; the group discussed a 50-cent price for the books, but Western did not want to compete with other 50-cent books on the market. The group calculated that if the print run for each title was 50,000 copies instead of 25,000, the books could be sold for 25 cents each. In September 1942, the first 12 titles were released to stores in October. Three editions totaling 1.5 million books sold out within five months of publication in 1942. During World War II, Western had a contract with the U. S. Army Map Service to produce maps for soldiers in the field and it manufactured books and playing cards which were sent overseas. In 1945, Western acquired Wolff Printing Company of St. Louis. Guild Press, Inc. a publisher of Catholic books, religious greeting cards, gift wrap, was purchased in the early 1950s. In 1955, a new specialty printing plant was built in Missouri. Western achieved sales of $63 million in the year of its 50th anniversary.
In the same year the company acquired a large rotogravure magazine printer. With partners Dell and Simon & Schuster, the company sponsored the Story Book Shop on Main Street, U. S. A. in Disneyland which opened on July 17, 1955, closed April 1, 1995. In addition it was one of the initial inv
The Don Rosa Library
Uncle Scrooge and Donald Duck: The Don Rosa Library is a series of books published by Fantagraphics Books, collecting all of the Scrooge McDuck and Donald Duck comic book stories written and drawn by Don Rosa published between 1987 and 2006. Following up Fantagraphics' Floyd Gottfredson Library and The Complete Carl Barks Disney Library, this series was launched in 2014, finalized with the last and tenth volume in late 2018. Since 2017, Fantagraphics' The Don Rosa Library is being translated and published in Russia and Italy by editors ACT, Editora Abril and Panini Comics respectively; the Don Rosa Library volumes are 8.5 × 11 inches, making them a little bigger than the volumes of The Complete Carl Barks Disney Library measuring 7.5 × 10.25 inches. The library consists of 10 volumes and represents a complete chronological collection of Rosa's Disney stories; the volumes were published in chronological order starting with Don Rosa's first Disney story: "The Son of the Sun", this volume was published in 2014.
The pages are colored by Rich Tommaso and Kneon Transitt under the supervision of Disney expert David Gerstein and Gary Groth, with the artistic input of Don Rosa as well. Rosa has stated that he checks every page and panel offering valuable insight and assistance to the Fantagraphics team in restoring the stories as they were intended to be published; the books are 200 pages each containing about 160 pages of comics, with the remaining pages made up of supplementary material, which include comments on the stories by Don Rosa, story covers by the artist and a biography written by Rosa himself. The volumes are sold separately with a suggested retail price of $30 each, but are available in bundled sets by the pair in chronological order with a provided slipcase; the boxed sets had the suggested retail price at $50 and had therefore "a bargain price worthy of Scrooge McDuck himself!" According to the publisher. From 2014 to 2018, two volumes were published yearly; the boxed sets were introduced to the market in conjunction of the release of every evenly numbered volume.
The Russian version is published by ACT under the title Библиотека Дона Росы - Дядюшка Скрудж и Дональд Дак. It started with each Russian volume corresponding to an American volume; the price of each Russian volume is RUB 750. The Brazilian version is published by Editora Abril under the title Tio Patinhas e Pato Donald - Biblioteca Don Rosa, it started with each Brazilian volume corresponding to an American volume. The price of each Brazilian volume is R$79.90. The Italian version is published by Panini Comics under the title The Don Rosa Library – Zio Paperone & Paperino, it will end in June 2019, for a total of 20 volumes, published monthly. Each American volume is divided into two Italian volumes, the latter don't have titles; the prices of each Italian volume is €8.90. The Complete Carl Barks Disney Library Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse Fantagraphics Books - The Don Rosa Library Preview - Uncle Scrooge & Donald Duck: The Son of the Sun Preview - Uncle Scrooge & Donald Duck: Return to Plain Awful Preview - Uncle Scrooge & Donald Duck: Treasure Under Glass Preview - Uncle Scrooge & Donald Duck: Last of the Clan McDuckThe Don Rosa Library at the INDUCKS Biblioteca Don Rosa at the INDUCKS Библиотека Дона Росы at the INDUCKS The Don Rosa library - Zio Paperone & Paperino at the INDUCKS