The Starjammers are a fictional team of space pirates appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The Starjammers have appeared in the pages of the X-Men comic books; the Starjammers first were created by Dave Cockrum. The name "Starjammers" was created on the basis of the type of sailing ship known as "Windjammer". Dave Cockrum created the Starjammers with the intent of having them star in their own series. However, when he submitted the concept for Marvel's two try-out series, Marvel Spotlight and Marvel Premiere, he was informed that these series were booked for two years solid. Running out of patience, Cockrum showed the Starjammers to X-Men writer Chris Claremont and convinced him to use the characters for this series. In order to provide a plausible excuse for the Starjammers to make repeat appearances in X-Men, they decided to make Corsair, the leader of the Starjammers, be the father of Cyclops, the leader of the X-Men; the story of the Starjammers began with Christopher Summers, a military pilot returning with his family from a trip to Alaska.
Without warning their plane was attacked. Chris's wife, strapped their two sons to their only parachute and pushed them out of the plane, saving their lives; the husband and wife were teleported from their plane to the ship of an advanced alien race called the Shi'ar. This had been a zoological scouting mission to bring in a human specimen, they were brought before D'Ken, the ruler of the Shi'ar Empire, smitten with Katherine, making her his concubine and sending her husband to the slave pits. Christopher escaped and reached D'Ken's private quarters to try to assassinate him. However, he was caught and punished by having his wife murdered before his eyes, his unborn son cut out of her womb, his spirit broken, he was sent to a mining camp on another planet. While working in the mining camp, Christopher witnessed the guards mercilessly beating a feline-like female, he stepped in, trying to get them to stop, but was beaten himself. The woman was taken to the holding cells and Christopher huddled up in a corner, ashamed of himself.
A little while Raza and Ch'od passed by and asked Christopher for the whereabouts of their comrade Hepzibah. Christopher was too afraid to answer. After they had left, he felt guilty and went to the guards' quarters, starting a fight after killing one of them. Raza and Ch'od jumped in, together they got past the guards, freed the cat-woman, sneaked on board a Shi'ar starship. Christopher used Corsair. Naming Christopher their captain, they became the Starjammers, a group of space pirates rebelling against D'Ken's tyranny; the Starjammers have had many adventures across the universe, many of them on Earth with the X-Men, during which Christopher Summers met his long lost sons, now X-Men. At times, the group ran with Professor X and his consort, the Shi'ar ruler, Lilandra; the group participated in the defeat of the cosmic threat Magus, assisted by Professor X and the New Mutants. When the Skrulls made an incursion into Shi'ar territory, the Starjammers were overwhelmed and duplicated, they were rescued from their imprisonment by the X-Men.
The Hulk and Silver Surfer recruited the Starjammers to assist in a raid on Troyjan held space, to rescue several friends of the Hulk. A violent fight broke out, with the Starjammers slaying several enemies, it was ended with an alien bureaucrat offered the option of the Starjammers and allies asking to see the person they wished to confront. The group was temporary allies of the Avengers. For some time, they were prisoners of the Collector, a cosmic being interested in preserving unique specimens of life, they became trapped in a conflict between the Collector and the well-meaning but dangerous efforts of Wolverine of the X-Men. A recent Starjammers series introduced a new member of the Starjammers. Although some readers believed it was out of Marvel Universe continuity, the events of the series were referenced in a recent entry in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe series, confirming its canonical status; the Starjammers figured in the Uncanny X-Men story arc "The Rise and Fall of the Shi'ar Empire", a 12-issue story arc following on the events of X-Men: Deadly Genesis.
Within this story arc, the long-lost third son of Corsair, Gabriel Summers, now the powerful mutant known as Vulcan, travels from Earth to Shi'ar space seeking revenge against the mad emperor D'Ken and the Shi'ar empire for the death of his mother and his own mistreatment by the Shi'ar. Through the course of the story, Vulcan allies himself with Deathbird to depose her brother the emperor, but seems to side himself with D'Ken against the X-Men and the Starjammers, who seek to stop his plans for revenge. Vulcan soon turns on and kills D'Ken, by marrying his ally Deathbird, assumes the throne of the Shi'ar empire himself. In the course of the finale, Vulcan's father, is killed. Hepzibah is returned to Earth with the X-Men, while Havok and Marvel Girl remain behind. Havok decides to assume his father's position as leader of the Starjammers. Polaris opts to stay with him. Marvel Girl remains behind as well, having developed an intimate relationship with Korvus, a Shi'ar warrior whose ancestor was once a host of the Phoenix force.
The Starjammers' new mission is to defeat Havok's brother and return Lilandra to the throne of the Sh'iar Empire. Hepzibah expresses no wish to return to the Starjammers following Corsair's death, has decide
Carnage is a fictional supervillain appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #360. Carnage was created by artist Mark Bagley; the character belongs to a race of amorphous extraterrestrial parasites known as the Symbiotes. The symbiote is depicted as an offspring of Venom; the symbiote has taken many hosts. The original and most notable host is serial killer Cletus Kasady. Other hosts include Karl Malus and Norman Osborn; the Carnage symbiote was derived by writer David Michelinie while Mark Bagley designed the Carnage symbiote. The symbiote was designed to be a darker version of Venom and was created due to the writers not wanting a replacement for Eddie Brock as Venom; the character was meant to be named "Chaos" and "Ravage" before being settled on "Carnage". When Eddie Brock's Venom symbiote soon returned to be bonded again, allowing Venom to escape prison, the symbiote left its offspring in the cell; the new symbiote bonded with Brock's cellmate Cletus Kasady, transforming him into Carnage.
The bond between the Carnage symbiote and Kasady was stronger than the bond between Brock and the Venom symbiote. As a result, Carnage is far more violent and deadly than Venom. Kasady and the symbiote would be a main antagonist in "Maximum Carnage" and Kasady would continually be the most recurring character to use the Carnage symbiote in many publications, it transferred itself to Spider-Man—Ben Reilly at the time—when Ben bonded with it in order to prevent it from hurting any innocent people, creating Spider-Carnage. Ben's willpower held out against the symbiote's murderous desires long enough for him to return it to Ravencroft. Reilly subsequently attempted to destroy the symbiote by subjecting himself to a lethal blast of microwaves, but it escaped back to Kasady after the microwaves forced it to separate from him. Tanis Nevies first appeared in Carnage Family Feud #1 and is killed in Web of Venom: Carnage Born #1. After Carnage was ripped in half by the Sentry outside the Earth atmosphere it is discovered that, although the host was killed, the symbiote survived by becoming dormant and returned to Earth, where it was discovered by Michael Hall, a competitor of Tony Stark.
He brought Shriek and her doctor, Tanis Nevies, so he could use Shriek to keep the symbiote alive in order of using the properties of the symbiote, to create prosthetic limbs and exo-suits which respond in the same ways as a symbiote. One such person, Dr. Tanis Nieves, is outfitted with one of these prosthetic arms after she is caught in an attack by the Doppelganger, who tried to rescue Shriek; when near the symbiote, her arm goes wild and forces her to kill several scientists before the symbiote forcefully bonds to her, becoming the new Carnage. After the symbiote uses Tanis to break into a Hall Corporation facility, it is revealed that Kasady is alive, his body preserved by the symbiote and repaired by Hall's prosthetics. Kasady reclaims the symbiote and becomes Carnage once more, attempting to avenge his captivity while Spider-Man and Iron Man struggle to stop him, it is revealed that Carnage is once again pregnant, the suit's spawn bonds to Tanis, but she removes it from herself and the symbiote bonds to Shriek before being torn from her.
Scared of Shriek's malice, the symbiote arm rebonds to Tanis, creating a new hero, who defeats Shriek and forces her to use her sonic shriek to weaken Carnage, but he escapes. When Carnage invaded Doverton and bonded to it's citizens and the Avengers team, who tried to stop Carnage. After that, the government send in another team consisted of symbiote-enhanced special forces. Dr. Tanis Nieves as Scorn goes along with the Agony, Phage and Lasher, but they are outnumbered since Carnage controls the entire town; the enhanced special forces keep fighting but Carnage sends the controlled Avengers after them, when Spider-Man comes with the unaffected residents of the town. The melee is fierce when Venom intervenes with sonic rounds. Scorn uses a construction vehicle to carry the two to a device she built and reveals that her device is meant to permanently remove the bonds from Carnage and Venom, but the hosts are still in there. After the symbiotes fighting with themselves and the Avengers team, Venom finds its way back to Flash Thompson while Scorn is able to capture and contain the Carnage symbiote.
In Carnage Born, it's revealed that Scorn got corrupted by Knull and started a cult in worshiping Knull. She with her followers retrieve the Grendel symbiote's remnants from Maker, along with Cletus's damaged body following the Venomized event. After implanting the remnants inside Cletus, he started to fight for control, she offers herself to Cletus so he could absorb the Carnage remnants left in her body, but instead he kills her getting her blood to become Carnage again. After Kasady was lobotomized, he was broken out of prison by the Wizard and Klaw, who intend to recruit him into the Frightful Four and turn him into their own version of Venom. After a failed attempt to control Kasady, Wizard transfers the Symbiote to Dr. Karl Malus. Dr. Malus was enraged and under the influences of the Symbiote tried to kill his teammates, but he was subdued by Klaw and controlled by Wizard, who renames him "Superior Carnage" and equips him with weapons; the trio are confronted by the Superior Spider-Man and during their battle the Wizard loses his control over Carnage and he is fatally injured once
Extremis is a six-issue story arc from the comic book series Iron Man, published in issues one through six in 2005 and 2006 by Marvel Comics. It was illustrated by Adi Granov. Extremis elevates the status quo for Iron Man. Extremis received positive reviews, is listed as one of the best Iron Man stories. Elements of Extremis were adapted for the 2008 film Iron Man, the Iron Man: Armored Adventures episode "Extremis," and the storyline serves as the primary source material for the 2013 film Iron Man 3. Extremis was the second story arc after the "Avengers Disassembled" crossover event, not to be confused with "Stark: Disassembled", a story in The Invincible Iron Man; the story was meant as a sort of "new start" for the character—to redefine him from his origins as an arms dealer, to be the "test pilot for the future" Ellis intended him to be. The story mentions any of Iron Man's past, references to the rest of the Marvel universe are limited to brief, passing mentions of the Avengers and Fin Fang Foom.
Warren Ellis admitted he had intentionally not read any Iron Man material besides the earliest issues. This is similar for Adi Granov: "My first official introduction to the character occurred a year prior to Extremis. Upon reading the script, I realized; when illustrating the book I wanted my art to mirror the realism in Warren's writing I felt that Warren wrote a story that's a sort of techno-thriller action story and I wanted the art to reflect this. I saw Iron Man as not just a superhero in a suit. To me, the Iron Man armor is more akin to a jet fighter; the story, which lasts about three to four days in comic book time, takes place at an undefined time after the founding of the New Avengers and before the Stamford catastrophe. Tony Stark is a weapons designer whose weapons are being used against Al Qaeda in Afghanistan in the years just prior to the second Gulf War, he is injured during an inspection tour when one of his own bombs detonates, sending a piece of shrapnel into his chest, is captured by Afghan terrorists.
As in the original origin story, Tony creates his first suit of armor with Ho Yinsen and escapes the terrorists, with Yinsen killed during the escape. Three men enter a disused slaughterhouse in Texas, where two of them inject a willing third, whom they call "Mallen." This injection contains an experimental drug. A bizarre physical change overtakes him. Miles underground in his Coney Island "garage", Stark is awakened from sleep and several weeks of work and diminished self care by his secretary's phone call, reminding him of a scheduled interview with a journalist. During the interview, the journalist discovers that Stark is most regretful that the world-changing, humanitarian improvements he had hoped to fund with his weapons sales have not yet materialized. Confronted by his regrets, Stark returns to the garage, takes stock of himself while realizing that the Iron Man is his key to a better future for both himself and humanity. Having canceled all appointments, Tony Stark dons the newest version of the Iron Man armor and takes off into the sky.
Meanwhile, the injected man's body, still lying in the Bastrop warehouse, is now covered in a bizarre layer of scar tissue. At Futurepharm Corporation offices in Austin, Texas, Dr. Aldrich Killian commits suicide after typing and printing his confession; the note informs co-worker Maya Hansen that he has stolen and "loosed" the company's dangerous Extremis serum for some "greater" purpose. Hansen calls Tony Stark. Back in the Texas slaughterhouse, the two men return to find Mallen completely recovered in appearance, he is alive, having punched through the locked metal door. Stark arrives in Texas in the middle of a teleconference with his board of directors, rejecting their requests that he resign as CEO of his company and take a head technician title instead. Tony argues that Stark Industries, having invented a revolutionary cell phone and connection method, no longer needs the government's funding; the conference ends at a crossroad. Arriving at Futurepharm, Stark learns that the intended receiver of the Extremis dose is unknown due to an inability to hack Killian's computer.
Using Stark Industry's new prototype phone, Tony emails Killian's entire hard drive to be hacked by one of his employees, and, to distract Maya, jets her and himself to San Diego to talk with their old friend and teacher, Sal Kennedy. Meanwhile, the three men from the slaughterhouse arrive at the FBI field office. While Kennedy, now a futurist following nature and an idealistic way of life, harangues Tony and Maya on their military work and thus-far-failed promise, Mallen sets the FBI office on fire using his new biological powers. Maya catches the story on the news, realizing that the terrorists are in fact using Extremis and causing casualties of over 50 civilians. Back in the van, Mallen tells his confederates. In flight back to Texas, Maya tells Stark Extremis is a military nanotechnology serum, another attempt to recreate the Captain America Super-Soldier Serum, that the new formula interfaces with the brain's'repair center' and directs the body to rebuild itself from scratch as if it were all wound tissue to be replaced.
Stark receives a call from his employee, which reveals that Killian gave Extremis to local terrorists. Realizing the th
Marvel 2099 is a Marvel Comics imprint, started in 1992, one possible future of the Marvel Universe, but revealed in a climax of Superior Spider-Man Goblin Nation arc and Amazing Spider-Man Vol. 3 #14 to be the Earth of the prime Marvel continuity in the distant future. It was announced by Stan Lee in his "Stan's Soapbox" column as a single series entitled The Marvel World of Tomorrow, being developed by Lee and John Byrne; this changed to a line of books under the banner Marvel 2093 before being published as Marvel 2099. The three of the initial four titles launched—Doom 2099, Punisher 2099, Spider-Man 2099—starred futuristic takes on pre-existing characters; the fourth, Ravage 2099, featured an all-new superhero, scripted for several months by Stan Lee. The 2099 line soon expanded to include 2099 Unlimited, Fantastic Four 2099, Ghost Rider 2099, Hulk 2099, X-Men 2099, X-Nation 2099. While it has been confirmed to be a possible future version of Earth-616, the mainstream Marvel Universe, the 2099 universe has been designated as Earth-928 and alternatively dubbed as Earth-616 circa 2099.
The initial universe began with Spider-Man 2099, Ravage 2099, Doom 2099, Punisher 2099 being launched in subsequent months. Peter David wrote Spider-Man for the bulk of the series, it was the most popular series, it satirized corporations, with Spider-Man clashing with Alchemax, which employed him in his secret identity. Stan Lee wrote the first eight issues of Ravage as an political story about corruption, corporate pollution, the environment. After Lee left, he was replaced by a series of writers who failed to provide consistent direction for the book. In 1993, Wizard reported that the 2099 line had "gone over well with the fans". Fans requested further titles, Marvel provided X-Men 2099, they introduced a Hulk 2099 in the series 2099 Unlimited, which featured occasional Spider-Man 2099 stories, as well as early work by Warren Ellis. The comics had a strong degree of interconnectivity, similar to comics published by Marvel in the 1960s due to the imprint's editor Joey Cavalieri; the only cross-title crossover within the 2099 universe, The Fall of the Hammer, detailed a plot by the corporations to technologically recreate the Norse pantheon, along with a new Thor, to distract attention from the anti-corporate superheroes.
The 2099 series expanded to include Ghost Rider 2099, about a hero whose consciousness had been downloaded into a robotic body. Hulk 2099 was given a brief chance at his own series; as sales began to flag on all titles besides Spider-Man and X-Men, Marvel commissioned ideas from various writers, including a proposal by Grant Morrison and Mark Millar, before accepting Warren Ellis's idea that Doom 2099, revealed to be, in fact, Victor Von Doom, would take over the United States. Each title had the modifier "A. D." added on the logo to reflect the change. The new storyline allowed Marvel to cancel several low-selling titles; the in-universe reason for the heroes' deaths was President Rogers ordered the execution of the super heroes, including Punisher, Hulk and a handful of low-tier heroes who had appeared in 2099 Unlimited. In 1996, when Marvel, during a cost-cutting exercise, fired Cavalieri, many of the 2099 creators quit the line in protest. With the line floundering, two additional titles were launched: X-Nation 2099, a spin-off of X-Men 2099, Fantastic Four 2099, which featured characters who were the present day Fantastic Four accidentally sent into the future.
Around this time, Doom 2099 became the only 2099 comic to crossover with a present-day Marvel comic when he traveled back to 1996 and met Daredevil, the Fantastic Four, Namor in a story told in Fantastic Four #413. Spider-Man 2099 met the original Spider-Man in a special one-shot issue, making them the only characters to meet their counterparts. After sales slumped, the 2099 titles were canceled and replaced by 2099: World of Tomorrow, a single title featuring the surviving characters from all the titles; the series lasted only eight issues before being canceled. The 2099 line was concluded with a one-shot, 2099: Manifest Destiny, in which Captain America was found in suspended animation and, with Miguel O'Hara, assembled various 2099 heroes into a new team of Avengers; the story summarized the years from 2099 to 3099, with humanity transforming the corporate world of 2099 into a utopia and expanding into space. The 2099 world has been seen since, most notably in Peter David's "Future Tense" storyline in Captain Marvel, which revisited both Spider-Man 2099 and the alternate future of the Maestro that David created in The Incredible Hulk: Future Imperfect, explaining a plot point, left dangling since David had abruptly left Spider-Man 2099.
In 2004, writer Robert Kirkman wrote a series of one-shot comics for the fifth anniversary of the Marvel Knights imprint, under the heading Marvel Knights 2099. The future portrayed in this series is unconnected to the original 2099 Universe, which included a different Punisher 2099. In 2005, the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe one-shot, involving alternate universes, designated the Earth of 2099 as Earth-928, with Marvel Knights 2099 designated as Earth-2992. A cover of a second printing from the Spider-Man storyline "The Other: Evolve or Die" features the Miguel O'Hara Spider-Man. In 2006, the Exiles visited the Marvel Universe 2099 in Exiles #75-76 as part of the "World Tour" arc; this future had split
Doom 2099 is a fictional anti-hero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was featured in the Marvel 2099 series Doom 2099; the character is based on Doctor Doom, created by Jack Kirby. The series was written by John Francis Moore for its first two years, by Warren Ellis for its third. Doom first appeared in Marvel Comics Presents #118, in a preview of Doom 2099 #1. Doom 2099 would run for 44 issues, with Doom making notable appearances in 2099 Unlimited, 2099: World of Tomorrow, Ghost Rider 2099, Hulk 2099, Punisher 2099, Ravage 2099, Spider-Man 2099, X-Men 2099. Doom received his own special one-shot after conquering the United States, titled 2099 A. D. In the year 2099, Doctor Doom abruptly materializes via an energy sphere in the ruins of Castle Doom in Latveria, after disappearing 50–100 years before. Latveria is now in the hands of Tyger Wylde. Doom confronts the new dictator of the nation, but is defeated by Wylde's superior technology — his armor depleted of energy and destroyed, his face is scarred.
Left for dead, Doom finds refuge with the last remnants of his gypsy tribe, the Zefiro, via the seeress Fortune. With the aid of a brilliant Pixel employee he liberates from corporate enslavement named Dr. Celia Quinones Doom creates, using 2099 technology, a new, far more advanced and powerful suit of silver, blue cloaked armor capable of competing with Wylde's futuristic technology...in addition to performing neurocybersurgery on him. Doom becomes a freedom fighter, strikes back against a frustrated and more frustrated Tiger Wylde. Doom stole Wylde's shipment of tritonium, an unstable radioactive mineral, useful both as a regenerating explosive and as a power source, thereby prompting Wylde to attack. Alongside his few Zefiro allies, with the use of the tritonium he has seized, Doom is able to defeat and destroy Wylde and regain control of his homeland to once again become Monarch of Latveria...ruling once more from a rebuilt Castle Doom... built "as a bridge between the village of Antikva and the metropolis of Gojradia" once again.
Doom decides that the world has become chaotic and corrupt, to save it, he must conquer it. Doom is assisted by several Zefiro Gypsies: Fortune, a Zefiro fortune teller and former advisor of Wylde. Wire, a "Cybersavant", capable of finding information on the worldwide Cyberweb. Xandra, Wire's girlfriend and a Wakandan soldier. Adopted into the Zefiro. Vox, the Zefiro's magical adept. A mute boy who has one of the Eyes of Agamotto. Poet, Fortune's former lover and capable martial artist, not a Zefiro. Doom secretly observes this era's Spider-Man. Doom travels into Cyberspace alongside Wire. Several weeks Doom conquers the country Myridia. Throughout the first half of the series there was speculation that Doom may not be the real Victor Von Doom. Doom was younger than the real Victor would be, his face was unscarred, his memory was fragmented. Doom would in the series recall the end of the "Age of Heroes", killing Reed Richards, growing old, some vague memories of a war, his confusion increased when another man showed up garbed in a silver variation of his armor bearing a blazing energy port in the mid-section...similar to the arc reactor port in Iron Man's armor...and a non-hooded variation of his royal green cloak, claiming to be the real Doctor Doom.
This man was accompanied by Margaretta Von Geisterstadt aka the Neon Angel, a woman Doom remembered he once loved. Myridia's ruler, General Czerny, told Doom that he was in fact Erik Czerny, his son, kidnapped by the real Doom and Margaretta as a pawn in one of their lethal games. Doom faced his duplicate and in the battle, he learned that the duplicate was a false Doom...in truth an aged Erik Czerny, he was the true Victor von Doom. Several years ago, in the year 2089 his body had been nearly destroyed after an accident during a jaunt into the timestream and the treacherous Maragaretta had placed him within a regenerating bath which would repair his damaged body... and retard or reverse his physical aging to some degree and rejuvenate him. Margaretta had brainwashed Erik Czerny into believing that he was Doctor Doom to amuse herself during Doom's regeneration in apparent accordance to some manipulative game that she and Victor had been engaging in to pass the time. At this time it was revealed that Victor and Margaretta were two of the powerful "Shadows" who ruled the world in chess-like fashion and mentioned earlier in the series by the insane former Alchemax agent and Black Lotus addict Christian D'Argent during the Savage Land story arc played out in the pages of Doom 2099.
To make their "game" more interesting, Margaretta decided to implant some of Czerny's memories into Doom's psyche to see who would win in their inevitable battle of wills. Doom, recalling the full events of his past at last despite Margaretta's machinations defeated Czerny, reclaimed a red cloaked and silver set of armor he had been wearing in 2089 during the accident which set all of these events in motion and left Margaretta and a now catatonic Czerny to die in their base.
Newuniversal is a comic book series by writer Warren Ellis, artist Salvador Larroca and colorist Jason Keith. The book series was published by Marvel Comics; the series is a re-imagining of Marvel's New Universe concepts, launched to coincide with the 20th anniversary of the New Universe's creation in 1986. As with the original New Universe, newuniversal is set in a world where a number of people develop superhuman abilities. However, where the New Universe began with the'real' world as its starting point, the world of newuniversal is markedly different. Newuniversal imagine concepts and characters were introduced as part of Marvel's New Universe series during the 1980s; the New Universe was a set of eight linked titles launched in 1986 to celebrate Marvel's 25th anniversary, championed by Marvel's editor-in-chief Jim Shooter. However, the New Universe comics were not a long-term success, with four titles canceled after a year, the entire line canceled by the end of 1989; the original New Universe had no links to the Marvel Universe shared setting and did not present traditional superheroes.
Instead, it offered "the world outside your window," a world, identical to the real world in every respect until it was changed by the mysterious White Event, an incident which gifted some humans with inexplicable powers. Ellis has stated that he doesn't "think the original creators and editors realized until it was too late—it was all a single story, it shouldn't have been eight books that were consolidated into ensemble miniseries. It was a single story that should have spun new series and serials off of it." Ellis has taken this approach to newuniversal, with his first storyline intentionally revolving around the four lead books of the original New Universe—Justice, Star Brand and Spitfire and the Troubleshooters. Among the many changes that newuniversal presents is that the four main characters all possess extra-dimensional glyphs that grant them their powers; the character Spitfire, becomes Cipher. Artist Salvador Larroca has stated that he "wasn't a big fan" of the original New Universe, while Ellis has mentioned that he "paid little or no attention" to the New Universe books when they were first published.
On December 14, 2006, Marvel announced that newuniversal #1 had sold out through Diamond Comic Distributors and that a second printing would be released, with a new variant cover by artist Esad Ribic. Marvel reported that newuniversal #2 had sold out and would be reissued as a second printing—again, with a variant cover by Esad Ribic. After issue #6, newuniversal went on hiatus and Salvador Larroca left the project. In 2008, the story was continued with a mini-series written by Ellis, newuniversal: shockfront, illustrated by Steve Kurth and Andrew Hennessy; the shockfront series was accompanied by two one-shot stories exploring the past of the newuniversal universe: newuniversal: conqueror and newuniversal: 1959. From the first issue of newuniversal: shockfront onwards, all newuniversal comics included a statement acknowledging that the series is based on original concepts by Jim Shooter, Archie Goodwin, Eliot R. Brown, John Morelli, Mark Gruenwald and Tom DeFalco, creators who worked on the original New Universe comics.
In 2009, Warren Ellis lost his story files in a computer accident. Writer Warren Ellis describes the setting of newuniversal as "an alternate world where America is somewhat isolationist, Soviet Russia fell apart early and China took the lead in spaceflight". There are other, smaller changes to the world's history. Chinese manhua comics have all the market penetration; the September 11, 2001 attacks never happened, the World Trade Center towers are still standing in 2006, as seen in newuniversal #1. Hillary Clinton is President of the United States. In Newuniversal: Shockfront #2, Charlotte Yolanda Beck shows how history changed after Richard Nixon won the 1960 election. Aspects of the wider universe play a direct role in the setting; the sudden changes to the world are triggered by the Earth's contact with the "newuniversal structure", an artificial web of strange matter. Each strand of the web is several light years across; the structure, assembled by a long-gone race, is mechanical in nature and deliberately alters several sentient beings on each world entering its strands, modifying them to perform specific roles.
Ellis has confirmed that the alternate universe of newuniversal is part of the larger Marvel Multiverse, designated as Earth-555. This is touched upon in newuniversal #2, with a passing reference to the "Superflow for Universe 555"; the first few issues of newuniversal state specific dates and times for their events, something, in keeping with the original New Universe concept—and quite different from the established Marvel Universe, where characters do not age in'real time' and their histories are sometimes updated. The main characters of newuniversal are based on the main characters from the original New Universe imprint, although Ellis felt that the New Universe "featured an awful lot of people with similar names, which I found odd -- Swensen, Tensen" and some of the newuniversal characters have been renamed to avoid this; some of the newuniversal characters are alternate versions of existing Marvel Universe characters, such as Tony Stark, among the first to receive hyperscientific powers and built an armored suit to escape Vi
The Authority (comics)
The Authority is a superhero comic book series published by DC Comics under the Wildstorm imprint. It was created by Warren Ellis and Bryan Hitch, follows the adventures of the Authority, a superhero team composed of Ellis-created characters from Stormwatch; the founding members of the Authority were: Jenny Sparks, "The Spirit of the Twentieth Century". Apollo, "The Sun God". Midnighter a.k.a. Lucas Trent, "Night's Bringer of War"; the Doctor a.k.a. Jeroen Thornedike, "The Shaman"; the second Engineer a.k.a. Angela Spica, "The Maker". Jack Hawksmoor, "The God of Cities". Swift a.k.a. Shen Li-Min, "The Winged Huntress". Following the Outer Dark storyarc, Jenny Sparks was replaced with: Jenny Quantum, "The Spirit of the 21st Century". After the Revolution maxi-series, new members of the Authority included: The Doctor a.k.a. Habib ben Hassan, "The Shaman". Beginning with #18 of volume four the team roster underwent a major change. Jack Hawksmoor and Engineer remained on the team, where they were joined by new members: Synergy a.k.a.
Christine Trelane. Deathblow a.k.a. Michael Cray. Flint a.k.a. Victoria Ngengi. Freefall a.k.a. Roxanne Spaulding. Grifter a.k.a. Cole Cash; the High a.k.a. John Cumberland. Sarah Rainmaker; the Authority's base of operations is the Carrier, a sentient, interdimensional "shiftship" existing everywhere on Earth at the same time and capable of moving through every imaginable plane of existence. In 1999, Warren Ellis and Bryan Hitch created the Authority, a team of superheroes who got the job done by any means necessary; the original line-up consisted of Jenny Sparks, a British woman who could generate and turn into electricity. On the creation of the series, Ellis noted "One of the reasons I turned their STORMWATCH into THE AUTHORITY is that I found out that, despite the fact that no-one was buying STORMWATCH, they kept it going because they liked reading it in the office and wanted to keep me employed, and I felt so bloody awful about that, at the same time had been so struck by Bryan Hitch’s STORMWATCH issues, that the train of thought that led to THE AUTHORITY began."
The Ellis/Hitch run of The Authority lasted 12 issues, divided into three four-issue storyarcs: The Circle and Outer Dark. They showed dangerous enemies such as an international terrorist seen in Stormwatch. Replacing Ellis and Hitch after issue # 12 were artist Frank Quitely. During the Millar/Quitely run, the Authority was now under Jack Hawksmoor's leadership following Jenny Sparks' death at the end of the 20th Century, they faced multiple foes such as a mad scientist and his army of superhumans who wanted to influence the 21st Century through Jenny Sparks' successor Jenny Quantum, a previous Doctor who manipulated the Earth itself, a duplicate team of superheroes modeled on the Authority, created and backed by the G7 group of nations. During the run, Jenny Quantum was adopted by Apollo and Midnighter after they were married and the Doctor worked through his heroin addiction after faltering in battle. A number of panels and covers during the Millar/Quitely run, published in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, were censored by DC Comics.
The team's unilateral military interventionism was compared to the U. S. invasion of Iraq. The series was subsequently restarted, was written by Robbie Morrison with art by Dwayne Turner; this incarnation of the series lasted for 15 issues. Prior to issue 10, the series was part of the "Coup d'état" crossover that included The Authority, Stormwatch: Team Achilles and Wildcats v3.0. The crossover revolved around the Authority taking over the United States of America; the series was again restarted in October 2004 as The Authority: Revolution, a twelve issue mini-series written by Ed Brubaker and drawn by Dustin Nguyen and Richard Friend that focused on the troubles the Authority faced as the rulers of America. In February 2006, it was announced that Grant Morrison would write The Authority Volume 3, with art by Gene Ha; the series was intended to be published bimonthly, beginning in October 2006. Morrison "cited Warren Ellis’s original run as an approach he wants to return to, saying his new approach will allow the team to be effectual again".
Morrison and Ha's first issue was released in December 2006. It followed a family man named Ken in his search for a downed submarine that encountered something massive and unexpected in the depths of the ocean that caus