Paul Bruce Dickinson is an English singer, musician, airline pilot, entrepreneur and broadcaster. He is the lead singer of the heavy metal band Iron Maiden and is renowned for his wide-ranging operatic vocal style and energetic stage presence. Born in Worksop, Dickinson began his career in music fronting small pub bands in the 1970s while attending school in Sheffield and university in London. In 1979, he joined the new wave of British heavy metal band Samson, with whom he gained some popularity under the stage name "Bruce Bruce" and performed on two studio records, he left Samson in 1981 to join Iron Maiden, replacing Paul Di'Anno, debuted on their 1982 album The Number of the Beast. During his first tenure in the band, they issued a series of US and UK platinum and gold albums in the 1980s. Dickinson quit Iron Maiden in 1993 to pursue his solo career, which saw him experiment with a wide variety of heavy metal and rock styles, he rejoined the band in 1999, along with guitarist Adrian Smith, with whom he has released five subsequent studio albums.
Since his return to Iron Maiden, he issued one further solo record in Tyranny of Souls. His younger cousin, Rob Dickinson, is the former lead singer of British alternative rock band Catherine Wheel, while his son, fronted the metalcore band Rise to Remain. Outside his career in music, Dickinson is well known for his wide variety of other pursuits. Most notably, he undertook a career as a commercial pilot for Astraeus Airlines, which led to a number of media-reported ventures such as captaining Iron Maiden's converted charter aeroplane, Ed Force One, during their world tours. Following Astraeus' closure, he created his own aircraft maintenance and pilot training company in 2012, Cardiff Aviation. Dickinson presented his own radio show on BBC Radio 6 Music from 2002–2010, has hosted television documentaries, authored novels and film scripts, created a successful beer with Robinsons Brewery and competed at fencing internationally. Paul Bruce Dickinson was born in Nottinghamshire, his mother, worked part-time in a shoe shop, his father, was a mechanic in the army.
Dickinson's birth hurried the young couple just teenagers, into marriage. He was brought up by his grandparents; this is referred to in his song "Born In'58" from the album Tattooed Millionaire. Dickinson started school at Manton Primary in Worksop. Soon afterwards, when he was six, he was despatched to Sheffield, where he attended a primary school in Manor Top. After six months, his parents decided to move him to a small private school called Sharrow Vale Junior. Due to constant moving, Dickinson states that this period of his life taught him to be self-reliant as he was unable to make close friends. Dickinson has a younger sister, professional showjumper Helena Stormanns, born in 1963, he tried to isolate himself from her as much as he could when he was young out of spite because she, unlike him, was a planned pregnancy and birth. Dickinson's first musical experience was dancing in his grandparents' front room to Chubby Checker's "The Twist", when he still lived with them in Worksop; the first record Dickinson recalls owning was The Beatles single "She Loves You", which he managed to persuade his grandfather to buy him, which made him more interested in music.
He tried to play an acoustic guitar belonging to his father. By the time he moved to Sheffield, Dickinson's parents were earning a good living from buying property, refurbishing it and selling it for a profit; as a result, much of Dickinson's childhood was spent living on a building site, until his parents bought a boarding house and a bankrupt garage where his father began selling second-hand cars. The income from their business success gave them the opportunity to give Dickinson—then 13 years old—a boarding school education and they chose Oundle, a public school in Northamptonshire. Dickinson was not opposed to moving away from home because he had not built "any real attachment" to his parents, having been raised by his grandparents in Worksop until he was six. At Oundle, Dickinson was picked on and bullied by the older boys of Sidney House, the boarding house that he belonged to, which he described as "like systematic torture" and meant that he became an outsider, his interests at Oundle were military.
Oundle was where Dickinson became attracted to hard rock, after hearing Deep Purple's "Child in Time" being played in another student's room. As a result, the first album he bought was Deep Purple's In Rock, which created his interest in rock music. After In Rock, he went on to buy Black Sabbath's debut, Jethro Tull's Aqualung and Tarkus by Emerson, Lake & Palmer; every term, a band would play at the school, the first of these which Dickinson saw was called Wild Turkey, featuring former Jethro Tull bassist Glenn Cornick. After that, he saw Arthur Brown. Dickinson wanted to play the drums obtaining a pair of bongo drums from the music room for practice, he remembers playing "Let It Be" with his friend Mike Jordan, during which Dickinson discovered his singing voice while encouraging Jordan to sing the high-notes. Shortly afterwards Dickinson was expelled from Oundle for participating in a prank in which he urinated in the headmaster's dinner. Returning home to Sheffield in 1976, Dickins
Alternative rock is a style of rock music that emerged from the independent music underground of the 1980s and became popular in the 1990s. In this instance, the word "alternative" refers to the genre's distinction from mainstream rock music; the term's original meaning was broader, referring to a generation of musicians unified by their collective debt to either the musical style or the independent, DIY ethos of punk rock, which in the late 1970s laid the groundwork for alternative music. At times, "alternative" has been used as a catch-all description for music from underground rock artists that receives mainstream recognition, or for any music, whether rock or not, seen to be descended from punk rock. Alternative rock broadly consists of music that differs in terms of its sound, social context and regional roots. By the end of the 1980s, magazines and zines, college radio airplay, word of mouth had increased the prominence and highlighted the diversity of alternative rock, helping to define a number of distinct styles such as noise pop, indie rock and shoegaze.
Most of these subgenres had achieved minor mainstream notice and a few bands representing them, such as Hüsker Dü and R. E. M. had signed to major labels. But most alternative bands' commercial success was limited in comparison to other genres of rock and pop music at the time, most acts remained signed to independent labels and received little attention from mainstream radio, television, or newspapers. With the breakthrough of Nirvana and the popularity of the grunge and Britpop movements in the 1990s, alternative rock entered the musical mainstream and many alternative bands became successful. In the past, popular music tastes were dictated by music executives within large entertainment corporations. Record companies signed contracts with those entertainers who were thought to become the most popular, therefore who could generate the most sales; these bands were able to record their songs in expensive studios, their works sold through record store chains that were owned by the entertainment corporations.
The record companies worked with radio and television companies to get the most exposure for their artists. The people making the decisions were business people dealing with music as a product, those bands who were not making the expected sales figures were excluded from this system. Before the term alternative rock came into common usage around 1990, the sort of music to which it refers was known by a variety of terms. In 1979, Terry Tolkin used the term Alternative Music to describe the groups. In 1979 Dallas radio station KZEW had a late night new wave show entitled "Rock and Roll Alternative". "College rock" was used in the United States to describe the music during the 1980s due to its links to the college radio circuit and the tastes of college students. In the United Kingdom, dozens of small do it yourself record labels emerged as a result of the punk subculture. According to the founder of one of these labels, Cherry Red, NME and Sounds magazines published charts based on small record stores called "Alternative Charts".
The first national chart based on distribution called the Indie Chart was published in January 1980. At the time, the term indie was used to describe independently distributed records. By 1985, indie' had come to mean a particular genre, or group of subgenres, rather than distribution status; the use of the term alternative to describe rock music originated around the mid-1980s. Individuals who worked as DJs and promoters during the 1980s claim the term originates from American FM radio of the 1970s, which served as a progressive alternative to top 40 radio formats by featuring longer songs and giving DJs more freedom in song selection. According to one former DJ and promoter, "Somehow this term'alternative' got rediscovered and heisted by college radio people during the 80s who applied it to new post-punk, indie, or underground-whatever music". At first the term referred to intentionally non–mainstream rock acts that were not influenced by "heavy metal ballads, rarefied new wave" and "high-energy dance anthems".
Usage of the term would broaden to include new wave, punk rock, post-punk, "college"/"indie" rock, all found on the American "commercial alternative" radio stations of the time such as Los Angeles' KROQ-FM. Journalist Jim Gerr wrote that Alternative encompassed variants such as "rap, trash and industrial". In December 1991, Spin magazine noted: "this year, for the first time, it became resoundingly clear that what has been considered alternative rock – a college-centered marketing group with lucrative, if limited, potential- has in fact moved into the mainstream"; the bill of the first Lollapalooza, an itinerant festival in North America conceived by Jane's Addiction frontman Perry Farrell, reunited "disparate elements of the alternative rock community" including Henry Rollins, Butthole Surfers, Ice-T, Nine Inch Nails and the Banshees and Jane's Addiction. That same year, Farrell coined the term Alternative Nation. In the late 1990s, the definition again became more specific. In 1997, Neil Strauss of The New York Times defined alternative rock as "hard-edged rock distinguished by brittle,'70s-inspired guitar riffing and singers agonizing over their problems until they take on epic proportions".
Defining music as alt
Skin Yard was an American grunge band from Seattle, who were active from 1985 to 1993. The group never gained a mainstream audience, but were an influence on several of their grunge contemporaries, including Soundgarden, Screaming Trees, Green River; the band was formed in January 1985 by Daniel House and Jack Endino, who were subsequently joined by Ben McMillan and Matt Cameron. Skin Yard played its first official concert in June 1985. In 1986, Skin Yard contributed two songs to the now-legendary Deep Six compilation; this album, in addition to featuring the first commercial recordings of The Melvins, Soundgarden and Skin Yard, was the first to showcase the early grunge sound. That same year, Skin Yard released their first single, Bleed. Shortly after these releases, drummer Matt Cameron left the band to join Soundgarden, after which the band went through a series of drummers, he was replaced by Steve Wied, followed by Greg Gilmore. In the fall, Jason Finn left after eight months for personal reasons.
Scott McCullum filled the vacancy in May 1987 and he remained for two years, during which time the band recorded and released their second album, Hallowed Ground. However, McCullum left and the band took a fourteen-month hiatus after a U. S. tour quoted as being "the tour from hell". Skin Yard returned in 1990 with their third album, Fist Sized Chunks, their final drummer, Barrett Martin. In 1991, as grunge was breaking into the mainstream, the band released their fourth album, 1,000 Smiling Knuckles; that same year, original bassist Daniel House left the band to spend more time with his family. He was replaced by Pat Pedersen, who stayed with the band for the recording of their final album, Inside the Eye, which featured the single "Undertow". After recording was completed, Skin Yard decided to disband, the album was released shortly after. Prior to the breakup, Ben McMillan and Scott McCullum had started the band Gruntruck as a side-project, continued to perform with the band after Skin Yard's demise.
By the time Gruntruck disbanded, they had released two albums and one EP. Ben McMillan died from diabetes in 2008. Pat Pedersen and Barrett Martin worked with Jack Endino on his solo album Endino's Earthworm. Endino released two other solo albums, Angle of Attack and Permanent Fatal Error. Endino has switched from working as a performer to working as a music producer, he produced several albums by the grunge bands Mudhoney. Daniel House, as owner and president of C/Z Records, continued to release records until 2001 when he released the Skin Yard rarities album, Start at the Top. Barrett Martin drummed on their albums Sweet Oblivion and Dust. Screaming Trees went on hiatus and broke up in 2000. Martin has toured with R. E. M.. During the late 1990s, Martin formed the grunge supergroup Mad Season with Alice in Chains singer Layne Staley, Pearl Jam lead guitarist Mike McCready, bassist John Baker Saunders. Mad Season released one album before breaking up in 1999. Jason Finn, replaced by McCullum in Skin Yard, went on to drum for the band Love Battery until 1995 and the band The Presidents of the United States of America until their breakup in 1998.
The Presidents of the United States of America has since reunited, with Finn still drumming. Original lineupBen McMillan - vocals Jack Endino - guitar Daniel House - bass Matt Cameron - drums Later membersSteve Wied - drums Greg Gilmore - drums Jason Finn - drums Scott McCullum - drums Barrett Martin - drums Pat Pedersen - bass 1986 - "Throb" and "The Birds" on Deep Six 1991 - "Machine Gun Etiquette" on Another Damned Seattle Compilation 1991 - "Snowblind" on Hard to Believe: Kiss Covers Compilation In 2017, Metal Injection ranked Skin Yard at number 8 on their list of "10 Heaviest Grunge Bands". "Skin Yard Biography". C/Z Records. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Endino, Jack. "Official Skin Yard Page". Endino.com. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Official website
Screaming Life is the debut EP by the American rock band Soundgarden, released in October 1987 through Sub Pop Records. Screaming Life was combined with the band's next EP, released as the Screaming Life/Fopp compilation album in 1990; the EP was recorded in 1987 in Seattle, Washington, at Reciprocal Studios with producer Jack Endino, who produced albums for Nirvana and Mudhoney. Drummer Matt Cameron described the sound on the EP as "pretty raw". "Hunted Down", Soundgarden's first single, is representative of the early "grunge" sound—with its dirty guitar, dissonant atmosphere and lyrics concerning entrapment and escape. "Nothing to Say" features drop D tuning, which would become a signature of Soundgarden's sound on albums. Guitarist Kim Thayil said he learned about the tuning from Buzz Osborne of the Melvins, when Osborne was telling him about Black Sabbath. Earlier versions of "Tears to Forget" appeared on the band's 1985 demo tape and on the 1986 Deep Six compilation album, which featured some of the first recordings by the earliest Seattle grunge bands, including Soundgarden.
That version was recorded with drummer Scott Sundquist, but the version on Screaming Life was recorded with Cameron. Some time prior to recording, Endino found old rolls of quarter-inch tape at a garage sale, some contained recordings of a Christian preacher giving sermons in the early 1950s. Soundgarden frontman Chris Cornell had the idea to have the preacher's voice on "Hand of God"; the recording was synched with the eight-track machine, copied to an empty track and by coincidence the tape rolls matched with the song. Cornell added his own sarcastic preacher-style vocals, with the lines "Let it be known today, if you've got two hands/You're supposed to pray." According to Endino, the labels on the rolls of tape were near-illegible and thus the name of the preacher remains unknown. Cornell said that the EP was met with rave reviews and that "everybody loved it." "Hunted Down" was Soundgarden's first single and the first song on Sub Pop's "hold music" tape. According to Thayil, "you would call them up, when they put you on hold you heard'Hunted Down'."
It was the only single released from the EP. "Nothing to Say" was Soundgarden's first B-side, released on the "Hunted Down" single. The song appeared on the KCMU compilation tape, Bands That Will Make Money, distributed to record companies. Upon hearing the song, record labels began contacting the band, which led to the band signing with A&M Records; the EP's cover art, photographed by Charles Peterson, features a sepia-toned black-and-white photograph of Cornell singing and Thayil playing guitar in the background. The album cover was an attempt by Sub Pop to capitalize on Cornell's image; the first 500 copies of the EP were pressed on transparent orange vinyl. A second pressing was made, pressed by Erika Records, but still on the Sub Pop label, in black, sea green marble, blue marble, pink marble and purple marble vinyl; the title of the EP inspired the title of a book of photography by Peterson, named Screaming Life: A Chronicle of the Seattle Music Scene. Published in 1995, it is composed of live photos taken by Peterson from the mid-1980s though the mid-1990s.
Many of Peterson's photographs were used as album artwork for grunge bands. The book is accompanied by a CD, with nine songs selected by Peterson from bands of the era – Soundgarden's "Entering" is one of these songs. All lyrics written by Chris Cornell; the song "Toy Box" was recorded during the sessions for Screaming Life. It was featured on the "Flower" single; the instrumental track "The Telephantasm" was recorded during these sessions and was released as a separate single in late 2010 and as an iTunes bonus track on Telephantasm. Soundgarden Matt Cameron – drums Chris Cornell – vocals Kim Thayil – guitar Hiro Yamamoto – bass guitarProduction Jack Endino – production, engineering Charles Peterson – snapshots Soundgarden – production
Nevermind is the second studio album by American rock band Nirvana, released on September 24, 1991 by DGC Records. Produced by Butch Vig, it was the band's first release on the label, as well as the first to feature drummer Dave Grohl. Despite low commercial expectations, the album became an unexpected breakout success due to the popularity of its lead single "Smells Like Teen Spirit". By January 1992, it had replaced Michael Jackson's Dangerous at number one on the US Billboard 200, produced three other successful singles: "Come as You Are", "Lithium", "In Bloom". Nevermind was responsible in part for bringing both alternative rock and grunge music to a mainstream audience, has been ranked on lists of the greatest albums of all time by publications such as Rolling Stone and Time; the Recording Industry Association of America certified the album Diamond, it has sold at least 30 million copies worldwide, with 10.6 million sold in the United States alone. Nirvana was a grunge rock band from Aberdeen, formed by Kurt Cobain and Krist Novoselic in 1987, that had signed to Seattle independent record label Sub Pop.
The band released their debut album Bleach with Chad Channing on drums. However, Channing left Nirvana in 1990, the band was in need of a permanent drummer. During a show by hardcore punk band Scream, the group's drummer, Dave Grohl, impressed Cobain and Novoselic; when Scream unexpectedly disbanded, Grohl contacted Novoselic, travelled to Seattle, was soon invited to join the band. Novoselic said in retrospect that when Grohl joined the band, everything "fell into place". Meanwhile, Cobain was writing a number of new songs. At the time Cobain was listening to bands like The Melvins, R. E. M; the Smithereens, the Pixies. Feeling disillusioned by the heavy detuned rock popular in the Seattle grunge scene upon which Sub Pop had built its image, Cobain—inspired by his contemporary listening habits—began writing songs that were more melodic. A key development was the single "Sliver", released on Sub Pop in 1990, which Cobain said "was like a statement in a way. I had to release it on a single to prepare people for the next record.
I wanted to write more songs like that." Grohl said that the band at that point made the analogy of likening their music to children's music, in that the band tried to make its songs as simple as possible. By the start of the 1990s, Sub Pop was experiencing financial difficulties. With rumors that Sub Pop would sign up as a subsidiary of a major record label, the band decided to "cut out the middleman" and start to look for a major record label. A number of labels courted the band, but Nirvana signed with Geffen Records imprint DGC Records based upon repeated recommendations from Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth and their management company. In early 1990, Nirvana began planning its second album for Sub Pop, tentatively titled Sheep. For the album, Sub Pop head Bruce Pavitt suggested Butch Vig as a potential producer. Nirvana liked Vig's work with Killdozer and called Vig up to tell him, "We want to sound as heavy as that record." The band traveled out to Vig's Smart Studios in Madison, recording from April 2 to 6, 1990.
Most of the basic song arrangements were completed by that time, but Cobain was still working on lyrics and the band was unsure of which songs to record. Eight songs were recorded: "Immodium", "Dive", "In Bloom", "Pay to Play", "Sappy", "Lithium", "Here She Comes Now", "Polly". On April 6, the band played a local show in Madison with fellow Seattle band Tad. Vig began to mix the recordings while the band hung out in Madison, giving an interview to Madison's community radio station WORT on April 7. Nirvana had planned to record more tracks, but Cobain had strained his voice, forcing Nirvana to shut down recording. On April 8 the group headed to Milwaukee to kick off an extensive Midwest and East Coast tour of 24 shows in 39 days. Vig was told that the group would come back to record more songs, but the producer did not hear anything for a while. With the band parting ways with drummer Chad Channing after the tour, additional recording was put on hold. Instead, Nirvana used the sessions as a demo tape to shop for a new label.
Within a few months, the tape was circulating amongst major labels, creating a buzz around the group. After signing to DGC, a number of producers for the album were suggested, including Scott Litt, David Briggs, Don Dixon, but Nirvana still wanted Butch Vig. Novoselic noted in 2001 that the band was nervous about recording on a major label, the producers suggested by DGC wanted percentage points for working on the album. Instead, the band held out with whom they felt comfortable collaborating. Afforded a budget of $65,000, Nirvana recorded Nevermind at Sound City Studios in Van Nuys, California in May and June 1991. Nirvana was set to record the album during March and April 1991, but the date kept getting pushed back in spite of the band's eagerness to begin the sessions. To earn gas money to get to Los Angeles, Nirvana played a show where they performed "Smells Like Teen Spirit" for the first time; the band sent Vig some rehearsal tapes prior to the sessions that featured songs recorded at Smart Studios, along with some new ones including "Smells Like Teen Spirit" and "Come as You Are".
When the group arrived in California, Nirvana did a few days of pre-production where the band and Vig tightened up some of the song arrangements. The only recording carried over from th
Mudhoney is an American alternative rock band. Formed in Seattle, Washington in 1988 following the demise of Green River, Mudhoney's members are singer and rhythm guitarist Mark Arm, lead guitarist Steve Turner, bassist Guy Maddison and drummer Dan Peters. Original bassist Matt Lukin left the band in 1999. Mudhoney's early releases on the Sub Pop label their debut single "Touch Me I'm Sick" and the Superfuzz Bigmuff EP, were massively influential on the Seattle music scene. More than any other release of the era they inspired the dirty, high-distortion sound that would become grunge. On, Mudhoney mixed heavy blues rock and punk rock into their sound at various stages. Although the band has found little commercial success during its long career, which has yielded nine studio albums, it has inspired countless grunge and alternative rock musicians. Mudhoney started in Bellevue, Washington, a suburb of Seattle in 1980. While at Bellevue Christian High School, Mark McLaughlin and some friends started Mr. Epp and the Calculations, a band named after a math teacher of his.
The band was a joke band rather than a serious one. Mr. Epp and the Calculations played their first real show in 1981. To make the band seem more serious, Mr. Epp added a second guitarist Steve Turner, in a small garage band called The Ducky Boys. Mark Arm and Steve Turner became instant friends. Mr. Epp and the Calculations appeared on KZAM-AM radio and were introduced as "the worst band in the world." They played their last show on February 1984 with Malfunkshun at Seattle's Metropolis. Mark Arm and Steve Turner formed a joke-punk band called The Limp Richerds in 1984 near the end of Mr. Epp but this band ended shortly after Mr. Epp's ending as well. Green River was formed in 1984 when Arm and Turner recruited Alex Vincent as drummer, who had played with Turner in the short-lived Spluii Numa. Bassist Jeff Ament joined the band after arriving in Seattle with his band Deranged Diction. Stone Gossard, another of Turner's former bandmates, was recruited as second guitarist. Green River recorded their debut EP, Come on Down, in 1985, it is regarded as the first true "grunge" record.
Turner left the band after its release due to his distaste of the band's hard rock leanings. He was replaced by Bruce Fairweather. After recording another EP and a full-length album, the band disbanded in late 1987. Gossard and Fairweather went on to join Mother Love Bone. Following lead singer Andrew Wood's death and Ament went on to form Pearl Jam, Fairweather joined Love Battery. In January 1988, Arm reunited with Turner to form Mudhoney. Turner wanted to start a band, he and Arm began songwriting with Bundle of Hiss drummer Dan Peters. The trio decided that Matt Lukin, who had left Melvins, should join the band as bassist, they named themselves after the Russ Meyer film Mudhoney. In 1988, the band recorded and released their debut EP, Superfuzz Bigmuff, their first single, "Touch Me I'm Sick", on the Sub Pop label; the single attracted attention and the band enjoyed moderate success in the United States. Mudhoney became Sub Pop's flagship band. Sonic Youth, who were fans of the band, had invited Mudhoney to join them for a tour in the UK in 1989.
After this tour Superfuzz Bigmuff entered the British indie charts and they received a respectable amount of press coverage. The band released their first album, Mudhoney, in 1989. Kurt Cobain listed Superfuzz Bigmuff as one of his favourite albums in his journal in 1993, they released their second album, Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge, in 1991. After the album's release they were offered a deal with Reprise Records, they joined the label in 1992. Mudhoney's first album with Reprise was Piece of Cake. In a 2008 Mojo magazine article, Turner explained the album references "how things had come to them... the songs were kinda half-baked..." They contributed a track "Overblown" at this time to the soundtrack to the film Singles. With their 1995 album My Brother the Cow they mixed their earlier and more recent sound, but Turner explained in an article in Mojo, "There was a backlash after Kurt killed himself; the English press were so angry. Those were some of the worst reviews we'd gotten. We were mocked for still existing."
The press was not all negative, as the album received praise in certain U. S. publications, including People magazine: "Leave the brooding anthems to Pearl Jam. Mudhoney delivers pure grunge—messy music that casts a powerful spell."In 1996, Mudhoney appeared in the comedy movie Black Sheep, starring Chris Farley and David Spade. The band was shown performing at an MTV concert and speaking with Farley backstage. Tomorrow Hit Today was released in September 1998; the album demonstrated a blues-rock influence, the band used record producer Jim Dickinson, who worked with The Rolling Stones. They recorded the set in three different cities. After a few years of touring, Reprise decided to release Mudhoney. Subsequently, Lukin left the band, they released March to Fuzz, a retrospective compilation album. Mudhoney continued to play some concerts in the Pacific Northwest, recruited permanent bassist Guy Maddison who had played with Arm in one of his many side projects, Bloodloss. In 2002, following their return to Sub Pop, the band recorded and released a new studio album, Since We've Become Tran
Hype! is a documentary directed by Doug Pray about the popularity of grunge rock in the early to mid-1990s United States. It incorporates interviews and rare concert footage to trace the steps of grunge, from its subversive inception in neighborhood basements, to its explosion as a pop culture phenomenon. Hype! shows grunge from the point of view of people within the grunge scene, attempts to dispel some of the myths of the genre promulgated by media hype, hence the title. The movie portrays the latter faction in a satirical way, though acknowledges that media hype helped to propel some of these obscure bands to brief fame; the film premiered at the Sundance Film Festival in January 1996. It opened to general audiences on November 8 of the same year; the film holds a 92% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 26 reviews with an average rating of 7.5/10. Hype! Includes interviews and performances from bands such as TAD, Nirvana, Coffin Break, The Gits, Love Battery, The Melvins, Some Velvet Sidewalk, Mono Men, Zipgun, Pearl Jam, 7 Year Bitch, Gas Huffer, Fastbacks.
It features interviews with band manager Susan Silver, record producers Jack Endino and Steve Fisk, photographer Charles Peterson. Along with the DVD that comes with Nirvana's With the Lights Out, it is one of the few films to contain video footage of Nirvana's first performance of their breakthrough hit, "Smells Like Teen Spirit". In the film, Seattle producer/engineer Jack Endino is humorously referred to as "the godfather of grunge." Sub Pop released a soundtrack to the film in 1996 on a limited box set on colored 7" vinyl. AMG entry In her book No Logo, Naomi Klein refers to an interview with Eddie Vedder from the documentary. Vedder commented. Klein's argument is that grunge had been co-opted by corporate America. 1991: The Year Punk Broke Grunge speak Hype! The Motion Picture Soundtrack Hype! on IMDb Hype! at AllMovie Hype! at Rotten Tomatoes Doug Pray Interview