John Augustus Kelly Jr. best known as Jack Kelly, was an American film and television actor most noted for the role of "Bart Maverick" in the television series Maverick, which ran on ABC from 1957-62. Kelly shared the series, rotating as the lead from week to week, first with James Garner as Bret Maverick with Roger Moore as Beau Maverick and Robert Colbert as Brent Maverick, before becoming the only Maverick in the fifth season. Kelly became a politician, having served from 1983 to 1986 as the mayor of Huntington Beach, California. John Augustus Kelly Jr. was born in Astoria, New York, one of four children, to Ann Mary and John Augustus Kelly Sr. "Jackie", as he was called as a child, came from a prominent theatrical family. His mother, Ann "Nan" Kelly, had been a popular stage actress and John Robert Powers model. Kelly Senior was a theater ticket broker, after he moved the family to Hollywood, entered the real estate business, his sister, Oscar-nominated actress Nancy Kelly, was a prominent leading lady opposite Spencer Tracy, Tyrone Power, Henry Fonda among many others across a 36-film span.
His other two siblings and William Clement tried show business. Kelly served in the United States Army Air Corps during World War II. Kelly made his film debut in an uncredited role in the 1939 biopic The Story of Alexander Graham Bell, opposite Don Ameche and Loretta Young. On July 15, 1954, Kelly played the gunfighter and bandit Clay Allison in the syndicated television series Stories of the Century and narrated by Jim Davis. In 1955-1956 television season, Kelly starred in a series based on the 1942 feature film Kings Row, he played Dr. Parris Mitchell, a young psychiatrist coping with the narrow-minded environment of his small town. King's Row was one-third of the Warner Bros. Presents wheel series, hosted by Gig Young, it rotated at the scheduled hour of 7:30 Eastern on Tuesday with a similar television version of the popular movie Casablanca as well as the new ABC Western series Cheyenne starring Clint Walker. After the series ended in 1956, Kelly appeared in Forbidden Planet and She-Devil, along with guest roles on Fireside Theater, Schlitz Playhouse of Stars, Lux Video Theatre, Gunsmoke.
The various anti-heroic Mavericks were dapper professional poker-players roaming the Old West with the benefit of superb scripts. The series had an enormous cultural impact during a time when there were only three television networks and most cities had only three TV channels to choose from. Maverick's demanding filming; the producers decided to give Bret Maverick a brother so as not to run out of episodes long before the end of the season. Thus, Kelly was introduced as Bart Maverick in "Hostage!", the eighth episode of the series. Kelly shared the lead with James Garner in one of the show's most-discussed episodes, "Shady Deal at Sunny Acres", on which the first half of the 1973 movie The Sting appears to be based; the pair co-starred in the famous "Pappy" episode in which Garner played the brothers' much-quoted father Beauregard "Pappy" Maverick, in addition to his regular role of Bret. Aided by trick photography and Pappy play cards together in one scene. Bart rescued Bret at the climax of "Duel at Sundown", in which Garner first fought guest star Clint Eastwood.
Garner had first choice of which part he would play in the two-brother episodes, which delineated the brothers as "Maverick 1" and "Maverick 2" in the scripts, giving him an enormous advantage. All but one script during the show's first two years were written with Garner in mind regardless of which actor would be cast. Series creator Roy Huggins insisted that the writers visualize Garner as Maverick while writing the scripts. Although the "solo" episodes in which Bart appeared tended to be somewhat more dramatic than the more humorous Bret episodes, Kelly displayed his comedic skills in lighter Maverick outings such as "Hadley's Hunters" and "The People's Friend." Kelly appeared in more episodes of Maverick than James Garner, who left the show following a contract dispute in 1960 to pursue a theatrical film career. Kelly appeared in 83 episodes. In the wake of Garner's departure, Roger Moore stepped in to play Bart's cousin Beau Maverick in fourteen episodes, sharing the screen with Kelly in three of them, while Robert Colbert appeared in two installments as a third brother named Brent, one of which featured Kelly.
When Maverick ended in 1962, Kelly continued acting with roles in a number of films and television shows. In 1962, he played the lead in Red Nightmare a Cold War film narrated by Jack Webb in which Kelly's character wakes up one morning to discover that America has been taken over by Communists. On December 30, 1963, Kelly appeared with Barbara Bain in "The Fenton Canaby Story" on ABC's Wagon Train. Canaby is a former trailmaster with a dark secret, he is attracted to Lucy Garrison, a young woman with her own questionable past played by Barbara Bain, long before Mission: Impossible!. Kelly co-starred in Commandos opposite Lee Van Cleef, as a villain dressed exactly like Bart Maverick in Young Billy Young with Robert Mitchum. From 1969 to 1971, Kelly hosted the NBC daytime game show Sale of the Century but was replaced by Joe Garagiola, he was briefly a series regul
People's Health Movement is a global network of grassroots health activists, civil society organizations and academic institutions from developing countries. PHM has bases in more than 70 countries that include both individuals and well-established circles with their own governance structures, it has chapters in South Asia, Pacific, South America, Central America, North America and several other countries. PHM works towards the revitalisation of Primary Health Care, as described in the Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978. Vision of PHM: "Equity, ecologically-sustainable development and peace are at the heart of our vision of a better world - a world in which a healthy life for all is a reality. At the Alma-Ata Conference in 1978, health ministers from 134 countries, in association with the World Health Organization and UNICEF, set a goal of achieving "Health for All by the Year 2000" and identified primary health care as the mean to achieve it. However, in response to continued and deepened health inequalities, on 8 December 2000, 1453 delegates from 92 countries met at Savar, Bangladesh for the First People's Health Assembly which led to the founding of the People's Health Movement and the drafting of the People's Charter for Health The People's Charter for Health echos many of the principles of the Alma Ata Declaration by recognizing health as "..a social and political issue and above all a fundamental human right".
It names "inequality, exploitation and injustice" as the main drivers of ill-health and calls for "Health for ALL NOW" through the involvement of people's organizations in health decision making. PHM attributes the inequity in health care to the laissez faire economic practices globally and seeks to counter these practices and challenge health policy makers around the world with a Peoples Health Campaign for Health for All-Now! See Also: Social determinants of health and Social determinants of health in poverty PHM works to address the Social determinants of health, including in particular, the growing inequity within and between nations attributed by them to unfair economic structures which lock people into poverty and poor health. PHM helped to put the Social Determinants of Health on the global agenda through continued engagement with the World Health Organization. In response Prof. Fran Baum, at that time Chair of the PHM Steering Council, was appointed as a commissioner on the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health.
Working with other civil society organizations, PHM helped gather evidence for the WHO final report on the Social Determinants of health released in August 2008. PHM's engagement with the Commission's work resulted in the publication of a Civil Society Report on Social Determinants of Health. In 2011 PHM was involved in the civil society side meeting during the Conference on Social Determinants of Health, taking place in Rio de Janeiro; the PHM is engaged in a major global campaign to promote the Right to Health which involves coordinated national and international level action. PHM uses a consultative process in countries to involve thousands of people in making a demand for Health for All as described in the Alma Ata Declaration of 1978; the first phase of the campaign involves the production of rights-based evaluations of national health policies in countries with PHM circles. The global coordinating group has developed The Assessment of the Right to Health at the Country Level: A People's Health Movement Guide for national PHM circles to use to produce consistent reports using human rights law.
The second phase of the campaign focuses on movement building and mobilisation. The Peoples Health Movement plays a lead role in co-ordinating the production of the Global Health watch. In an integrated, globalised world with new cross-border threats to health, widening disparities in both health and access to health care, an unacceptable level of human suffering and premature mortality in developing countries, people across the globe are asking, why is so little progress being made by in promoting health in the world? The Global Health Watch is designed to seek answers to this question and to start articulating solutions, it is an endeavour to propose to the global community an alternate vision of health, located in a vision of equity and empowerment. It is a collaborative exercise, initiated by the Peoples Health Movement, Global Equity Gauge Alliance and Medact in 2004. An important outcome of the process is the periodic publication of a document termed the Global Health Watch – a document, contributed to by researchers and activists from across the globe.
Two editions of the document have been published, the first in 2005 as Global Health Watch I and the second in 2008 as Global Health Watch II. The third edition of the GHW is to be published in 2011; the Global Health Watch aims to: Promote human rights as the basis for health policy Counterbalance liberal and market-driven perspectives Shift the health policy agenda to recognise the political and economic barriers to better health Improve civil society's capacity to hold national and international governments, global international financial institutions and corporations to account Strengthen the links between civil society organisations around the world Provide a forum for magnifying the
Saint Alypius the Stylite was a seventh-century ascetic saint. He is revered as a monastic founder, an intercessor for the infertile, a protector of children. During his lifetime he was a much sought-after starets. Alypius was born in the city of Hadrianopolis in Paphlagonia, his mother, widowed early, was pious. She sent her son to be educated by the bishop Theodore, gave all of her livelihood to the poor, herself became a deaconess and lived an ascetic life. Alypius yearned to practice the life of a hermit, but Bishop Theodore would not give him permission to do so. Alypius built a church in honour of the Great Martyr Saint Euphemia the All-Praised on the site of a dilapidated pagan temple, he lived atop it for the majority of his adult life. Two monasteries were built beside his pillar, one for monks and one for nuns, Saint Alypius served as spiritual director of both. After standing upright for fifty-three years, Alypius found his feet no longer able to support him, but instead of descending from his pillar lay down on his side and spent the remaining fourteen years of his life in that position.
Alypius died in 640, at the claimed age of 118. Alypius is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite, as well as the Roman Catholic Church on November 26. For those churches which follow the Julian Calendar November 26 falls on December 9 of the modern Gregorian Calendar. After his death his relics were interred in the Church of St. Euphemia, his head is preserved in the Monastery of Koutloumousiou on the Mount Athos. Alypius is recognised as one of the three great stylite ascetics along with Simeon Stylites the Elder and Daniel the Stylite. Herbert Thurston says of the Stylites that they did, in an age of terrible corruption and social decadence, impress the need of penance more than anything else could have done upon the minds and imagination of Eastern Christians. Foolishness for Christ God: Sole Satisfier Hermit Poustinia Stylianos of Paphlagonia This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed..
"Stylites". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton; the Venerable Alypius the Stylite Prologue from Ochrid by St. Nikolaj Velimirović, Serbian Orthodox Church Venerable Alypius the Stylite of Adrianopolis Orthodox icon and synaxarion Translation of The Life of Alypius the Stylite