John Whiteside "Jack" Parsons was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher and Thelemite occultist. Associated with the California Institute of Technology, Parsons was one of the principal founders of both the Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the Aerojet Engineering Corporation, he invented the first rocket engine to use a castable, composite rocket propellant, pioneered the advancement of both liquid-fuel and solid-fuel rockets. Born in Los Angeles, Parsons was raised by a wealthy family on Orange Grove Avenue in Pasadena. Inspired by science fiction literature, he developed an interest in rocketry in his childhood and in 1928 began amateur rocket experiments with school friend Edward S. Forman, he dropped out of Pasadena Junior College and Stanford University due to financial difficulties during the Great Depression, in 1934 he united with Forman and graduate student Frank Malina to form the Caltech-affiliated Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory Rocket Research Group, supported by GALCIT chairman Theodore von Kármán.
In 1939 the GALCIT Group gained funding from the National Academy of Sciences to work on Jet-Assisted Take Off for the U. S. military. After the U. S. entered World War II, they founded Aerojet in 1942 to sell JATO technology. After a brief involvement with Marxism in 1939, Parsons converted to Thelema, the English occultist Aleister Crowley's new religious movement. In 1941, with his first wife Helen Northrup, Parsons joined the Agape Lodge, the Californian branch of the Thelemite Ordo Templi Orientis. At Crowley's bidding, he replaced Wilfred Talbot Smith as its leader in 1942 and ran the Lodge from his mansion on Orange Grove Avenue. Parsons was expelled from JPL and Aerojet in 1944 due to the Lodge's infamous reputation and his hazardous workplace conduct. In 1945 Parsons separated from Helen after having an affair with her sister Sara, he and Hubbard continued the procedure with Marjorie Cameron, whom Parsons married in 1946. After Hubbard and Sara defrauded him of his life savings, Parsons resigned from the O.
T. O. and held various jobs while acting as a consultant for Israel's rocket program. Amid the climate of McCarthyism, he was left unable to work in rocketry. In 1952 Parsons died at the age of 37 in a home laboratory explosion that attracted national media attention. Parsons's occult and libertarian writings were published posthumously, with Western esoteric and countercultural circles citing him as one of the most significant figures in propagating Thelema across North America. Although academic interest in his scientific career was negligible, historians came to recognize Parsons's contributions to rocket engineering. For these innovations, his advocacy of space exploration and human spaceflight, his role in founding JPL and Aerojet, Parsons is regarded as among the most important figures in the history of the U. S. space program. He has been the subject of several biographies and fictionalized portrayals, including the television drama Strange Angel. Marvel Whiteside Parsons was born on October 1914, at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles.
His parents, Ruth Virginia Whiteside and Marvel H. Parsons, had moved to California from Massachusetts the previous year, purchasing a house on Scarf Street in downtown Los Angeles, their son was his father's namesake, but was known in the household as Jack. The marriage broke down soon after Jack's birth, when Ruth discovered that his father had made numerous visits to a prostitute, she filed for divorce in March 1915. Jack's father returned to Massachusetts after being publicly exposed as an adulterer, with Ruth forbidding him from having any contact with Jack, his father joined the armed forces, reaching the rank of major, married a woman with whom he had a son, Charles, a half-brother Jack only met once. Although she retained her ex-husband's surname, Ruth started calling her son John, but many friends throughout his life knew him as Jack. Ruth's parents Walter and Carrie Whiteside moved to California to be with Jack and their daughter, using their wealth to buy an upscale house on Orange Grove Avenue in Pasadena—known locally as "Millionaire's Mile"—where they could live together.
Jack was surrounded by domestic servants. Having few friends, he spent much time reading. Through the works of Jules Verne he became interested in science fiction and a keen reader of pulp magazines like Amazing Stories, which led to his early interest in rocketry. At age 12 Parsons began attending Washington Junior High School, where he performed poorly—which biographer George Pendle attributed to undiagnosed dyslexia—and was bullied for his upper-class status and perceived effeminacy. Although unpopular, he formed a strong friendship with Edward Forman, a boy from a poor working-class family who defended him from bullies and shared his interest in science fiction and rocketry, with the well-read Parsons enthralling Forman with his literary prowess. In 1928 the pair—adopting the Latin motto per aspera ad astra —began engaging in homemade gunpowder-based rocket experiments in the nearby Arroyo Seco canyon, as well as the Parsons family's back garden, which left it pockmarked with craters from explosive test failures.
They incorporated available fireworks such as cherry bombs into th
Marcelo Chávez was a Mexican film actor. He co-starred with comedian Germán Valdés, known as Tin Tan. Summer Hotel The Disobedient Son The Noiseless Dead Music Inside The Lost Child Music and Madness Rough But Respectable Tender Pumpkins The King of the Neighborhood The Mark of the Fox Sinbad the Seasick Oh Darling! Look What You've Done! When Women Rule Kill Me Because I'm Dying! The Beautiful Dreamer Snow White Chucho the Mended You've Got Me By the Wing The Island of Women The Unknown Mariachi The Vagabond The Viscount of Monte Cristo Look What Happened to Samson Bluebeard Barefoot Sultan Puss Without Boots The Phantom of the Operetta Rebel Without a House Scott L. Baugh. Latino American Cinema: An Encyclopedia of Movies, Stars and Trends: An Encyclopedia of Movies, Stars and Trends. ABC-CLIO, 2012. Marcelo Chávez on IMDb
Davina Whitehouse known by the stage name Davina Craig before her marriage, was an English-born actress, acclaimed for her roles on stage and film in her native land in the 1930s and early 1940s and in New Zealand from the 1950s where she continued her career as an actress. She was a radio and stage producer and director, from the early 1970s she worked in Australia in television serials. Born Eileen Eliza Smith in London on 16 December 1912, Whitehouse was the daughter of Scottish-born David Whitehouse and Florence Smith, her father died when she was two years old, she was renamed Davina in his memory. Her mother remarried an ex-soldier 10 years later. In 1941 she married John Henry Archibald Whitehouse, in 1952 they and their children emigrated to New Zealand. Davina Whitehouse became a naturalised New Zealand citizen in 1977. Whitehouse having attended a boarding school, was accepted into the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art aged 15, graduated in 1929. Using the stage name Davina Craig, her acting roles were rare, but in 1932 she was seen by Ivor Novello and he offered her a role in a touring play, I Lived with You, made into the 1933 film of the same name, for which Whitehouse receive critical praise.
She was signed by Twickenham Film Studios, between 1933 and 1939, Whitehouse appeared in over 40 films, most playing a comic servant, but she had some larger roles, including in The Private Secretary in 1935. In New Zealand Whitehouse soon gained work as an actor and director of radio drama, became the executive producer of radio drama for the NZBC, she acted at Downstage Theatre following its establishment in 1964. Whitehouse's television career began in 1972. In 1977 became co-host of the TV chat show Two on One with Ray Woolf. For eight years, Whitehouse was a regular panellist on the advice show Beauty and the Beast, hosted by Selwyn Toogood, she had acting roles in New Zealand's first TV soap opera, Close to Home, as well as Country GP, the third season of Gloss, Marlin Bay, a 30-minute monologue in the series Face Value. On Australian television, Whitehouse appeared in numerous of the Crawford Productions series, including Matlock Police and The Box, as well as playing the role of Maggie May Kennedy in the Grundy production, Prisoner.
She made cameo appearances in films including Sleeping Dogs and Braindead. She played a former opera diva in the 1977 Australian TV movie The Night Nurse, appeared as herself in Peter Jackson's 1995 mockumentary, Forgotten Silver. Beginning in 1978, Whitehouse served a four-year term on the board of the New Zealand Film Commission. Whitehouse won for Best Actor at the 1973 Feltex Awards for her role in An Awful Silence. In 1978 she won the Best Actress "Sammy" for The Night Nurse at the Australian FIlm and Television Awards. In the 1985 Queen's Birthday Honours Whitehouse was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire for services to the performing arts, in 1987 she was the subject of an episode of the New Zealand version of This is Your Life. In 1990, Whitehouse was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal. Whitehouse received a best actress nomination for Face Value at the 1997 New Zealand film and television awards, she received the Rudall Hayward Award for lifetime achievement in films at the 1998 New Zealand film and television awards.
Whitehouse wrote her autobiography, Davina – An Acting Life, published in 1999. She died on 25 December 2002 in Auckland, following a series of strokes, she was predeceased by her husband, Archie Whitehouse, survived by their two children. Dark Knight A Twist in the Tale The Legend of William Tell Rugged Gold Braindead Prisoner The Night Nurse Solo Young Ramsay Bluey Sleeping Dogs Division 4 Matlock Police The Box I’ll Turn to You Tower of Terror My Wife's Family The Farmer's Wife Hoots Mon! Traitor Spy Anything to Declare? South Riding London Melody Sunset in Vienna Love Up the Pole Dusty Ermine Where There's a Will Crown v. Stevens The Demon Barber of Fleet Street The Private Secretary Widow's Might Annie, Leave the Room! Tangled Evidence The Black Abbot Are You a Mason? The Ghost Camera I Lived with You Davina Whitehouse on IMDb