Wrigley Field (Los Angeles)
Not to be confused with Chicago's Wrigley Field. Wrigley Field was a ballpark on the West Coast of the United States, located in Los Angeles, California, it hosted minor league baseball teams in the region for over 30 years. It was the home park for the Los Angeles Angels during their run in the Pacific Coast League, as well as their inaugural season as a major league team in 1961; the park was designed by Zachary Taylor Davis, who had designed both Chicago ballparks: Comiskey Park and Wrigley Field. The ballpark was used as the backdrop for several Hollywood films about baseball, as well as the TV series Home Run Derby. Called Wrigley's "Million Dollar Palace", Wrigley Field was built in South Los Angeles in 1925, was named after William Wrigley Jr. the chewing gum magnate. Wrigley owned the first tenants, the original Los Angeles Angels, a Pacific Coast League team and their parent club the Chicago Cubs. In 1925, the Angels moved from their former home at Washington Park, known as Chutes Park.
Wrigley's Major League home in north Chicago was named for him in 1926. Wrigley Field in Los Angeles was built to resemble Spanish-style architecture and a somewhat scaled-down version of the Chicago ballpark as it looked at the time, it was the first of the two ballparks to bear Wrigley's name, as the Chicago park was named for Wrigley over a year after the L. A. park's opening. At the time, he owned Santa Catalina Island, the Cubs were holding their spring training in that island's city of Avalon; the playing field was aligned northeast at an elevation of 185 feet above sea level. The boundary street in right field was Avalon Boulevard, with a small parking lot; the other boundaries of the block were 41st Street, 42nd Place, San Pedro Street. Not only did L. A. Wrigley get its name first, it had more on-site parking. Lights were added to the park in 1930; the ballpark's dimensions were cozy but symmetrical, giving a nearly equal chance to right and left-handed batters in the Home Run Derby series.
The only difference was that the height of the left field wall was 14.5 feet, whereas the right field fence was only 9 feet high. For 33 seasons, 1925 to 1957, the park was home to the Angels, who were a farm team of the Chicago Cubs from 1921–56. For 11 seasons, the park was the home of another PCL team, the Hollywood Stars. In 1930, the Angels and Stars combined to draw over 850,000 fans, more than the two major league teams in St. Louis drew that season; the Stars moved to their own new ballpark, Gilmore Field, just west of the Pan Pacific Auditorium. Angel players of note included future Dodgers Manager and Hall of Fame member Tommy Lasorda, future Phillies and Angels Manager Gene Mauch, actor Chuck Connors, Gene Baker, Andy Pafko; the parent club, Chicago Cubs were the first major league team to play at Wrigley, when they played the Angels in a spring training game in 1926. Years on March 20, 1949, The major league Cubs played the defending world champion Cleveland Indians in a spring training game before 24,517.
On February 21, 1957, the Dodgers bought Wrigley Field, the Angels franchise and their territorial rights for $3 million. L. A. Wrigley's minor league baseball days ended when the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League transferred to Los Angeles in 1958; the Pacific Coast League Angels franchise were forced to relocate, ending up in Spokane, Washington, as the Indians, with a brand-new stadium. The use of Wrigley, enlarging it was studied by the Dodgers, as well as the Rose Bowl in Pasadena and the Los Angeles Coliseum; the Dodgers opted for seating capacity over suitability as a baseball field, instead set up shop for four seasons in the 93,000-seat L. A. Coliseum while awaiting construction of the baseball-only Dodger Stadium, which has a set capacity of 56,000; the decision to play at the Coliseum was vindicated when the Dodgers won the 1959 World Series over the Chicago White Sox, with all three games played at the Coliseum attracting over 92,000 fans including the World Series single game attendance record of 92,706 for game 5 of the series.
In October 1960, Major League Baseball added two teams, expanding the American League from 8 to 10 teams. Teams were awarded to Los Angeles and Washington, D. C; the L. A. franchise was awarded to Gene Autry and Bob Reynolds, was again called the Los Angeles Angels. In 1961, the MLB L. A. Angels, by agreement, took residence at Wrigley for its inaugural season; the agreement had been criticized, with the Dodgers playing the 1961 season at the nearby Coliseum. Wrigley Field had been considered an "abandoned minor league stadium" in a "declining neighborhood" with "terrible parking."The home opener on April 27 was a 4–2 loss to the Minnesota Twins before a crowd of only 11,931. Vice President Richard Nixon and Casey Stengel were in attendance, along with Ford Frick, Joe Cronin, Ty Cobb; the last major league game at Wrigley was on October 1, Cleveland beat the Angels 8–5 before 9,868 fans. Steve Bilko hit the last home run in Wrigley; the Angels set a still-standing first-season expansion-team record with 71 wins finishing 71–91.
Thanks to its cozy power alleys, the park became the setting for a real-life version of Home Run Derby, setting another record by yielding 248 home runs. The 1961 Angels were led in hitting b
A guitarist is a person who plays the guitar. Guitarists may play a variety of guitar family instruments such as classical guitars, acoustic guitars, electric guitars, bass guitars; some guitarists accompany themselves on the guitar by playing the harmonica. The guitarist may employ any of several methods for sounding the guitar, including finger picking, depending on the type of strings used, including strumming with the fingers, or a guitar pick made of bone, plastic, felt, leather, or paper, melodic flatpicking and finger-picking; the guitarist may employ various methods for selecting notes and chords, including fingering, the barre, and'bottleneck' or steel-guitar slides made of glass or metal. These left- and right-hand techniques may be intermixed in performance. Several magazines and websites have compiled what they intend as lists of the greatest guitarists—for example The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time by Rolling Stone magazine, or 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time by Guitar World magazine.
Rolling Stone In 2003, Rolling Stone magazine published a list called The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time. This list included 100 guitarists whom the magazine editor David Fricke considered the best, with a brief introduction for each of them; the first in this list is the American guitarist Jimi Hendrix introduced by Pete Townshend, guitarist for The Who, who was, in his turn, ranked at #50 in the list. In describing the list to readers, Paul MacInnes from British newspaper The Guardian wrote, "Surprisingly enough for an American magazine, the top 10 is fair jam-packed with Yanks," though he noted three exceptions in the top 10; the online magazine Blogcritics criticized the list for introducing some undeserving guitarists while forgetting some artists the writer considered more worthy, such as Johnny Marr, Al Di Meola, Phil Keaggy or John Petrucci. In 2011, Rolling Stone updated the list, which this time was chosen by a panel of guitarists and other experts with the top 5 consisting of Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, Jimmy Page, Keith Richards and Jeff Beck.
Artists who had not been included in the previous list were added. Rory Gallagher, for example, was ranked in 57th place; the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time is mentioned in many biographies about artists who appear in the list. Guitar World Guitar World, a monthly music magazine devoted to the guitar published their list of 100 greatest guitarists in the book Guitar World Presents the 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time from the Pages of Guitar World Magazine. Different from the Rolling Stone list, which listed guitarists in descending order, Guitar World divided guitarists by music genre—such as "Lords of Hard Rock" for hard rock artists or "Jazzmen" for jazz players. Despite the appearance in other magazines like Billboard, this publication by Guitar World was criticized for including no female musicians within its selection. However, Guitar World published a list of "Eight Amazing Female Acoustic Players," including Kaki King, Muriel Anderson and Sharon Isbin. TIME and others Following the death of Les Paul, TIME website presented their list of 10 greatest artists in electric guitar.
As in Rolling Stone magazine's list, Jimi Hendrix was chosen as the greatest guitarist followed by Slash from Guns'N' Roses, B. B. King, Keith Richards, Jimmy Page, Eric Clapton. Gigwise.com, an online music magazine ranks Jimi Hendrix as the greatest guitarist followed by Jimmy Page, B. B. King, Keith Richards and Kirk Hammett. There are many classical guitarists listed as notable in their respective epochs. In recent decades, the most "notable classical and cross genre" guitarist was Paco de Lucía, one of the first flamenco guitarists to have crossed over into other genres of music such as classical and jazz. Richard Chapman and Eric Clapton, authors of Guitar: Music, Players, describe de Lucía as a "titanic figure in the world of flamenco guitar", Dennis Koster, author of Guitar Atlas, has referred to de Lucía as "one of history's greatest guitarists.". Media related to Guitarists at Wikimedia Commons
Anthony David Leighton Scott was an English film director and producer. He was known for directing action and thriller films such as Top Gun, Beverly Hills Cop II, The Last Boy Scout, True Romance, Crimson Tide, Enemy of the State, Man on Fire, Déjà Vu, Unstoppable. Scott was the younger brother of film director Sir Ridley Scott, they both graduated from the Royal College of Art in London. In 1995 both Tony and Ridley received the BAFTA Award for Outstanding British Contribution To Cinema. In 2010, they received the BAFTA Britannia Award for Worldwide Contribution to Filmed Entertainment, he committed suicide on 19 August 2012, by jumping off the Vincent Thomas Bridge in San Pedro, California. Scott was born in Tynemouth, North East England, the youngest of three sons of Elizabeth and Colonel Francis Percy Scott. Scott's great uncle Dixon Scott was a pioneer of the cinema chain. One of Dixon's cinemas, Tyneside cinema, is still operating in Newcastle, it is the last remaining open newsreel cinema operating in the United Kingdom.
He followed in his elder brother's footsteps, studying at Grangefield School, West Hartlepool College of Art and graduating from Sunderland Art School with a fine arts degree. At the age of 16 he appeared in Boy and Bicycle, a short film marking the directorial debut of his 23-year-old brother Ridley. Scott studied art in Leeds after failing to gain admission to the Royal College of Art in London at his first attempt, he made a short film in 1969 based on the Ambrose Bierce story One of the Missing. As Ridley had cast him in a film, he reciprocated by giving his brother a role too. "The film cost £1,000", he recalled in April 2012. Whilst at the Royal College of Art, where he was taught by Raymond Durgnat, he starred in "Don't Walk", a film by fellow students Hank Onrust and Richard Stanley: the film credits state it was "made for BUNAC by MARCA films at the Royal College of Art", he graduated from the Royal College of Art, following in the footsteps of his elder brother Ridley, with the intention of becoming a painter.
His eldest brother Frank had earlier joined the British Merchant Navy. It was the success of his elder brother's fledgling television commercial production outfit, Ridley Scott Associates, that subsequently diverted his attention to film, his brother Ridley said, "Tony had wanted to do documentaries at first. I told him,'Don't go to the BBC, come to me first.' I knew that he had a fondness for cars, so I told him,'Come work with me and within a year you'll have a Ferrari.' And he did!" Scott said, "I was finishing eight years at art school, Ridley had opened Ridley Scott Associates and said,'Come and make commercials and make some money' because I owed money left and right and centre." He directed many television commercials for RSA while overseeing the company's operation while his brother was developing his feature film career. "My goal was to make films but I got sidetracked into commercials and I took off. I had 15 years, it was a blast. We were prolific, and, our training ground. You'd shoot 100 days in a year we gravitated from that to film," he said.
Scott took time out in 1975 to direct a television adaptation of the Henry James story The Author of Beltraffio. After the feature film successes of fellow British directors Hugh Hudson, Alan Parker, Adrian Lyne and his elder brother during the late 1970s, all of whom had graduated from directing advertising commercials, he received initial overtures from Hollywood in 1980, his eldest brother Frank died, aged 45, of skin cancer during the same year. Scott reflected on his career in 2009: The'80s was a whole era. We were criticised, we being the Brits coming over, because we were out of advertising—Alan Parker, Hugh Hudson, Adrian Lyne, my brother—we were criticised about style over content. Jerry Bruckheimer was bored of the way American films were traditional and classically done. Jerry was always looking for difference. That's, he always applauded the way. That period in the'80s was a period when I was being criticised, my press was horrible. I never read any press after The Hunger. Scott persisted in trying to embark on a feature film career.
Among the ideas interesting to him was an adaptation of the Anne Rice novel Interview with the Vampire in development. MGM was developing the vampire film The Hunger, for which they brought Scott on in 1982; the Hunger introduced Willem Dafoe in a small role. The Hunger had elaborate photography and sumptuous production design, but it failed to find an audience or impress the critics, had disappointing box office sales, though it became a cult favourite. Finding few film opportunities in Hollywood over the next two and a half years, Scott returned to commercials and music videos. In 1985, producers Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer approached Scott to direct Top Gun on the strength of The Hunger, as well as a commercial he had done for Swedish automaker Saab in the early 1980s, where a Saab 900 turbo is shown racing a Saab 37 Viggen fighter jet. Scott, though reluctant at first, agreed to direct Top Gun. Though the film received mixed critical review, it became one of the highest-grossing films of 1986, taking in more than $350 million, making a star of its young lead, Tom Cruise.
Sam Delaney of The Guardian writes, "By the mid-80s, Hollywood was awash with British directors who had ushered in a new era of blockbusters using the crowd-pleasing skills they'd honed in advertising. The vast resources and freedom made available to ad
Leonard Alfred Schneider, better known by his stage name Lenny Bruce, was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, satirist. He was renowned for his open, free-style and critical form of comedy which integrated satire, religion and vulgarity, his 1964 conviction in an obscenity trial was followed by a posthumous pardon, the first in the history of New York state, by then-Governor George Pataki in 2003. Bruce is renowned for paving the way for future outspoken counterculture-era comedians, his trial for obscenity is seen as a landmark for freedom of speech in the United States. In 2017, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him third on its list of the 50 best stand-up comics of all time. Lenny Bruce was born Leonard Alfred Schneider to a Jewish family in Mineola, New York, grew up in nearby Bellmore, attended Wellington C. Mepham High School, his parents divorced before he turned 10, Lenny lived with various relatives over the next decade. His British-born father, Myron Schneider, was a shoe clerk and Lenny saw him infrequently.
Bruce's mother, Sally Marr, had an enormous influence on Bruce's career. After spending time working on a farm, Bruce joined the United States Navy at the age of 16 in 1942, saw active duty during World War II aboard the USS Brooklyn fighting in Northern Africa. In May 1945, after a comedic performance for his shipmates in which he was dressed in drag, his commanding officers became upset, he defiantly convinced his ship's medical officer. This led to his undesirable discharge in July 1945. However, he had not admitted to or been found guilty of any breach of naval regulations and applied to have his discharge changed to "Under Honorable Conditions... by reason of unsuitability for the naval service". In 1959, while taping the first episode of Hugh Hefner's Playboy's Penthouse, Bruce talked about his Navy experience and showed a tattoo he received in Malta in 1942. After a short stint in California spent living with his father, Bruce settled in New York City, hoping to establish himself as a comedian.
However, he found it difficult to differentiate himself from the thousands of other show business hopefuls who populated the city. One locale where they congregated was Hanson's, the diner where Bruce first met the comedian Joe Ancis, who had a profound influence on his approach to comedy. Many of Bruce's routines reflected his meticulous schooling at the hands of Ancis. According to Bruce's biographer Albert Goldman, Ancis's humor involved stream-of-consciousness sexual fantasies and references to jazz. Lenny took the stage as "Lenny Marsalle" one evening at the Victory Club, as a stand-in master of ceremonies for one of his mother's shows, his ad-libs earned him some laughs. Soon afterward, in 1947, just after changing his last name to Bruce, he earned $12 and a free spaghetti dinner for his first stand-up performance in Brooklyn, he was a guest—and was introduced by his mother, who called herself "Sally Bruce"—on the Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts radio program. Lenny did a bit inspired by Sid Caesar, "The Bavarian Mimic", featuring impressions of American movie stars.
Bruce's early comedy career included writing the screenplays for Dance Hall Racket in 1953, which featured Bruce, his wife Honey Harlow, mother Sally Marr in roles. In 1956 Frank Ray Perilli, a fellow nightclub comedian who became a screenwriter of two dozen successful films and plays, became a mentor and part-time manager of Lenny Bruce. Through Perilli, Bruce met and collaborated with photojournalist William Karl Thomas on three screenplays, none of which made it to the screen, the comedy material on the first three albums. Bruce was a roommate of Buddy Hackett in the 1950s, they appeared on the Patrice Munsel Show, calling their comedy duo the "Not Ready for Prime Time Players," 20 years before the cast of Saturday Night Live used the same name. In 1957 Thomas booked Bruce into The Slate Brothers nightclub, where Bruce was fired the first night for what Variety headlined as "blue material". Thomas shot other album covers, acted as cinematographer on abortive attempts to film their screenplays, in 1989 authored a memoir of their ten-year collaboration titled Lenny Bruce: The Making of a Prophet.
The 2016 biography of Frank Ray Perilli titled The Candy Butcher, devotes a chapter to Perilli's ten-year collaboration with Bruce. Bruce released a total of four albums of original material on Berkeley-based Fantasy Records, with rants, comic routines, satirical interviews on the themes that made him famous: jazz, moral philosophy, patriotism, law, abortion, the Ku Klux Klan, Jewishness; these albums were compiled and re-released as The Lenny Bruce Originals. Two records were produced and sold by Bruce himself, including a 10-inch album of the 1961 San Francisco performances that started his legal troubles. Starting in the late 1950s, other unissued Bruce material was released by Alan Douglas, Frank Zappa and Phil Spector, as well as Fantasy. Bruce developed the complexity and tone of his material in Enrico Banducci's North Beach nightclub, the "hungry i", where Mort Sahl had earlier made a name for himself. Branded a "sick comic", Br
Henry Jones Jr. best known as Hank Jones, was an American jazz pianist, bandleader and composer. Critics and musicians described Jones as eloquent and impeccable. In 1989, The National Endowment for the Arts honored him with the NEA Jazz Masters Award, he was honored in 2003 with the American Society of Composers and Publishers Jazz Living Legend Award. In 2008, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts. On April 13, 2009, the University of Hartford presented Jones with an honorary Doctorate of Music for his musical accomplishments. Jones recorded more than 60 albums under his own name, countless others as a sideman, including Cannonball Adderley's celebrated album Somethin' Else. On May 19, 1962, he played piano as actress Marilyn Monroe sang her famous "Happy Birthday, Mr. President" song to U. S. president John F. Kennedy. Born in Vicksburg, Henry "Hank" Jones moved to Pontiac, where his father, Henry Jones Sr. a Baptist deacon and lumber inspector, bought a three-story brick home. One of seven children, Jones was raised in a musical family.
His mother Olivia Jones sang. He studied piano at an early age and came under the influence of Earl Hines, Fats Waller, Teddy Wilson, Art Tatum. By the age of 13 Jones was performing locally in Ohio. While playing with territory bands in Grand Rapids and Lansing in 1944 he met Lucky Thompson, who invited Jones to work in New York City at the Onyx Club with Hot Lips Page. In New York City, Jones listened to leading bop musicians, was inspired to master the new style. While practicing and studying the music he worked with John Kirby, Howard McGhee, Coleman Hawkins, Andy Kirk, Billy Eckstine. In autumn 1947, he began touring in Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic package, from 1948 to 1953 he was accompanist for Ella Fitzgerald, accompanying her in England in the fall of 1948, developed a harmonic facility of extraordinary taste and sophistication. During this period he made several important recordings with Charlie Parker, which included "The Song Is You", from the Now's the Time album, recorded in December 1952, with Teddy Kotick on bass and Max Roach on drums.
Engagements with Artie Shaw and Benny Goodman followed, recordings with artists such as Lester Young, Cannonball Adderley, Wes Montgomery, in addition to being for a time,'house pianist' on the Savoy label. From 1959 through 1975 Jones was staff pianist for CBS studios; this included backing guests such as Frank Sinatra on The Ed Sullivan Show. He played the piano accompaniment to Marilyn Monroe as she sang "Happy Birthday Mr. President" to John F. Kennedy on May 19, 1962. By the late 1970s, his involvement as pianist and conductor with the Broadway musical Ain't Misbehavin' had informed a wider audience of his unique qualities as a musician. During the late 1970s and the 1980s, Jones continued to record prolifically, as an unaccompanied soloist, in duos with other pianists, with various small ensembles, most notably the Great Jazz Trio; the group took this name in 1976, by which time Jones had begun working at the Village Vanguard with its original members, Ron Carter and Tony Williams. The trio recorded with other all-star personnel, such as Art Farmer, Benny Golson, Nancy Wilson.
In the early 1980s Jones held a residency as a solo pianist at the Cafe Ziegfeld and made a tour of Japan, where he performed and recorded with George Duvivier and Sonny Stitt. Jones' versatility was more in evidence with the passage of time, he collaborated on recordings of Afro-pop with an ensemble from Mali and on an album of spirituals and folksongs with Charlie Haden called Steal Away. Some of his recordings are For My Father with bassist George Mraz and drummer Dennis Mackrel, a solo piano recording issued in Japan under the title Round Midnight, as a side man on Joe Lovano's Joyous Encounter. Jones made his debut on Lineage Records, recording with Frank Wess and with the guitarist Eddie Diehl, but appeared on West of 5th with Jimmy Cobb and Christian McBride on Chesky Records, he accompanied Diana Krall for "Dream a Little Dream of Me" on the album compilation, We all Love Ella. He is one of the musicians who test and talk about the piano in the documentary Note by Note: The Making of Steinway L1037, released in November 2007.
In early 2000, the Hank Jones Quartet accompanied jazz singer Salena Jones at the Lionel Hampton Jazz Festival in Idaho, in 2006 at the Monterey Jazz Festival with both jazz singer Roberta Gambarini and the Oscar Peterson Trio. In June 2005, Jones was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music at 20th anniversary of jazz education at the Umbria Jazz Festival, in Perugia, Italy. Hank Jones lived in Manhattan, he died at a Calvary Hospital Hospice in The Bronx, New York, on May 16, 2010, survived by his wife Theodosia. Grammy historyCareer Wins: 2009: Lifetime Achievement Grammy Career Nominations: 5 Official website Hank Jones on IMDb Hank Jones complete discography Arnold Jay Smith, "Profile: Hank Jones", Jazz.com. Peter Keepnews, "Hank Jones, Versatile Jazz Pianist, Is Dead at 91", New York Times, May 17, 2010. "Magic Numbers: Hank Jones, Ron Carter, Tony Williams" by Ethan Iverson
Birdland (New York jazz club)
Birdland is a jazz club started in New York City on December 15, 1949. The original Birdland, located at 1678 Broadway, just north of West 52nd Street in Manhattan, was closed in 1965 due to increased rents, but it re-opened for one night in 1979. A revival began in 1986 with the opening of the second nightclub by the same name, now located in Manhattan's Theater District, not far from the original nightclub's location; the current location is in the same building as the previous New York Observer headquarters. 1678 Broadway, below the street level Irving Levy, Morris Levy, Oscar Goodstein – along with six other partners – purchased the venue in 1949 from Joseph "Joe the Wop" Catalano. They adopted the name "Birdland" to capitalize on the popularity of their regular headliner Charlie "Yardbird" Parker, who, at that time, had been enjoying undisputed popularity as a jazz artist; the club was scheduled to open on September 8, 1949, but this was put back to December 15 following difficulties in getting a liquor license.
The opening night was "A Journey Through Jazz", consisting of various styles of the music up to that point, played by "Maxie Kaminsky, Hot Lips Page, Lester Young, Charlie Parker, Harry Belafonte, Stan Getz, Lennie Tristano, in that order."Parker, in reality, played few jobs at Birdland, not because he was troublesome, according to Gene Ramey, Goodstein said, "He was continually wanting money." Ramey had persuaded Goodstein to let Parker perform at Birdland with his band on a pair of Monday nights in 1954. The neon sign at the front of the club read, "Birdland, Jazz Corner of the World"; the venue had space for a full orchestra. It had a long bar, booths, a fenced-in bullpen — a drinkless area, nicknamed "the peanut gallery", where teenagers were sometimes allowed to watch. Irving Levy and Morris Levy were the main owners but the club was operated by Oscar Goodstein, who took tickets and tended the bar. In the late 50s, he moved his post to the back hallway where he could compare the trays from the kitchen with the order tickets.
Some lucky few could spend the wee hours chatting with him and reading letters musicians like Charlie Mingus sent him. Goldstein called Mingus a prolific writer; the name was carried through into the feature of caged finches inside the club. The venue attracted other jazz musicians who made recordings there; this includes Art Blakey's 1954 two-volume A Night at Birdland, most of John Coltrane's Live at Birdland, the Toshiko – Mariano Quartet's Live at Birdland, Count Basie's Basie at Birdland. Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis, Louie Bellson, Bud Powell, Johnny Smith, Stan Getz, Lester Young, many others made appearances. George Shearing's standard "Lullaby of Birdland" was named in the club's honor; the club's original master of ceremonies, the diminutive, four feet tall Pee Wee Marquette, was notorious for mispronouncing the names of musicians if they refused to tip him. The disc jockey Symphony Sid broadcast live on WJZ early in the club's existence. During the 1950s, Birdland became a fashionable place for celebrities to be seen, with Frank Sinatra and Ava Gardner, Gary Cooper, Marilyn Monroe, Sugar Ray Robinson, Marlene Dietrich, Joe Louis, Judy Garland and others as regulars.
Irving Levy was stabbed to death at the club Sunday, January 26, 1959 while Urbie Green was performing. The body was discovered in the rear near the service area; the stabbing had occurred unnoticed by the patrons. Irving's younger brother, took over Irving's role in the club, from 1959 through the early 1960s, the club enjoyed great success as one of the few remaining jazz clubs in the area. Johnnie Garry, the production coordinator and historian for the Jazzmobile project, managed the club in the early 1960s. Chapter 11 bankruptcy In June 1964, Birdland filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in New York Federal Court. Goodstein was president of the club at the time. Creditors included Goodstein himself, NLP Restaurant, Gerry Mulligan, booked through International Talent Associates. In an effort to stem losses in 1964, Birdland started booking jazz artists that played a more traditional style of jazz, rather than the "way-out" artists. In 1965, Goodstein closed Birdland; the premises was taken over by Lloyd Price, an R&B and rock-and-roll singer who re-dedicated the venue and named it the Turntable.
2745 Broadway at 105th The current version of Birdland owned by John R. Valenti, opened in the Upper West Side of Manhattan in 1985, at 2745 Broadway at 105th Street, presented emerging artists to a neighborhood audience.315 West 44th Street, between 8th & 9th Avenues In 1996, Valenti moved the club to West 44th Street, west of Eighth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan where it features a full weekly schedule of performers. Notable performers have included Michael Brecker, Pat Metheny, Lee Konitz, Diana Krall, Dave Holland, Regina Carter, Tito Puente, it is notable as the club where Toshiko Akiyoshi's jazz orchestra, on December 29, 2003, played its final concert. As mentioned above she had played at the original Birdland. Resident bands The Birdland Big Band Birdland was popular with many of the writers of the Beat generation. Reference to Birdland is made in Jack Kerouac's novel On the Road: "I saw him wish a well-to-do man Merry Christmas so volubly a five-spot in change for twenty was never missed.
We spent it in Birdland, the bop joint. Lester Young was on the stand, eternity on his huge eyelids." Birdland is referenced in Emmett Grogan's novel Ringolevio. "From the get-go, Birdland became one of his favourite haunts." George Shear