Russell Blackford is an Australian writer and literary critic, based for many years in Melbourne. He was born in Sydney, grew up in the city of Lake Macquarie, near Newcastle, New South Wales, he moved to Melbourne in 1979, but returned to Newcastle to live and work in 2009. Blackford graduated with First Class Honours degrees in both Arts and Law from the University of Newcastle and University of Melbourne respectively, he holds a PhD from Newcastle, on the return to myth in modern fictional narrative. More he completed a Master of Bioethics and a second PhD program, both at Monash University; as a fiction writer, Blackford specialises in science fiction and horror fiction. His work includes four novels published by iBooks, three of them forming an original trilogy set in the world of the Terminator movies, his non-fiction work deals with issues involving science and society philosophical bioethics, cyberculture and the history and current state of the science fiction genre. His work has appeared in many magazines and reference books, has been featured most prominently in Quadrant, a monthly journal of literature and policy.
It draws on his academic qualifications in a number of fields. Since 2008, he has been a Fellow of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies, he was a speaker at the 2010 Global Atheist Convention and a contributor to The Australian Book of Atheism. The Tempting of the Witch King, Cory & Collins, 1983, ISBN 0-909117-18-7 The New John Connor Chronicles: Dark Futures: Book One of Terminator 2: The New John Connor Chronicles, iBooks, August 2002, 336p, ISBN 0-7434-4511-2 An Evil Hour: Book Two of Terminator 2: The New John Connor Chronicles, iBooks, May 2003, 368p, ISBN 0-7434-5863-X Times of Trouble: Book Three of Terminator 2: The New John Connor Chronicles, iBooks, September 2003, 384p, ISBN 0-7434-7483-X Kong Reborn, Inc. November 2005, 320p, ISBN 1-59687-133-4 Hyperdreams: Damien Broderick's Space/Time Fiction, Originally published in 1998 as chapbook 8 in the Babel Handbooks series on Fantasy and Science Fiction Writers. Review of the writings of SF author Damien Broderick. Strange Constellations: A History of Australian Science Fiction, Greenwood Press, Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy, May 1999, 264p, ISBN 0-313-25112-6 Reviewed in: *"Science Fiction in Australia", by Michael Levy (Science Fiction Studies 27:1 "Russell Blackford... among Australia's most respected critics" Freedom of Religion and the Secular State, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
ISBN 978-0-470-67403-1 50 Great Myths About Atheism, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. ISBN 978-0470674055. Humanity Enhanced: Genetic Choice and the Challenge for Liberal Democracies, MIT Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0262026611; the Mystery of Moral Authority, Palgrave Pivot, 2016. ISBN 978-1-137-56269-2. Science Fiction and the Moral Imagination: Visions, Ethics, Springer, 2017. ISBN 978-3319616834; the Tyranny of Opinion: Conformity and the Future of Liberalism, Bloomsbury, 2018 ISBN 978-1350056008. Urban Fantasies, anthology of 13 stories, edited with David King, Ebony, 1985. ISBN 978-0-9590655-1-0 Contrary Modes, proceedings of the academic track of Aussiecon 2, edited with Jenny Blackford, Lucy Sussex and Norman Talbot, 1985. ISBN 978-0-9590655-2-7 50 Voices of Disbelief: Why We Are Atheists, co-editor with Udo Schuklenk, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4051-9045-9 Intelligence Unbound: The Future of Uploaded and Machine Minds, co-editor with Damien Broderick, 2014. ISBN 978-1118736289 Philosophy's Future: The Problem of Philosophical Progress, co-editor with Damien Broderick, 2017.
ISBN 978-1119210092 "Judicial Power, Political Liberty and the Post-Industrial State." Australian Law Journal 71: 267–93. "Thinking about Cloning: A Reply to Judith Thomson." Journal of Law and Medicine 9: 238–50. "Stranger Than You Think: Arthur C. Clarke's Profiles of the Future." Prefiguring Cyberculture: An Intellectual History. Ed. Darren Tofts, Annemarie Jonson, Alessio Cavellaro. Sydney: Power Publications, 2002. "Try the Blue Pill: What's Wrong with Life in a Simulation?" Jacking In to the Matrix Franchise: Cultural Reception and Interpretation. Ed. Matthew Kapell and William Doty. New York: Continuum, 2004: 169–82. "Should We Fear Death? Epicurean and Modern Arguments." Immortality Institute, ed. The Scientific Conquest of Death: Essays on Infinite Lifespans. Buenos Aires: LibrosEnRed, 2004: 257–69. "Human Cloning and'Posthuman' Society." Monash Bioethics Review 24: 10–26. "Stem cell research on other worlds, or why embryos do not have a right to life." Journal of Medical Ethics 32: 177–80. "The Load on Her Mind", Westerly Volume 27.
ISSN 0043-342X "Crystal Soldier" in Dreamworks: Strange New Stories ISBN 978-0-909106-11-9 "Glass Reptile Breakout" in Strange attractors: Original Australian speculative fiction ISBN 978-0-86806-208-2 "The Sword of God" in Dream Weavers "Lucent Carbon" in Eidolon, #25/26 "The Soldier in the Machine" in Dreaming Down-Under "Byzantium vs Republic of Australia" in Aurealis #20/21 "The King with Three Daughters" in Black Heart, Ivory Bones ISBN 978-0-380-78623-7 "Two Thousand Years" in Eidolon #29/30 "Smoke City" in Gathering the Bones ISBN 978-0-7322-8068-0 "The Name of the Beast Was Number" in Microcosms (ed. Grego
The Matrix Revisited
The Matrix Revisited is a feature-length documentary on the production of the movie The Matrix. It was released on 20 November 2001 by Warner Home Video; the film goes behind the scenes of the 1999 sci-fi movie to give explanations of complicated scenes, previews of the then-forthcoming sequels, interviews with the cast and crew, including the reclusive Wachowski siblings, who give interviews. It was first released as the first and only documentary in the series, but was included as part of a two-disc Collector's Edition of The Matrix, it now forms part of The Ultimate Matrix Collection. The original Matrix Revisited DVD had an easter egg that contains 41 songs that were played in the documentary. One can access this music by going to the Documentary Menu, selecting the Languages Menu and highlighting one of the subtitle options. Press left to highlight a'phone booth'. In The Ultimate Matrix Collection version of the disc, the songs are directly in the menu and not part of an egg; the songs are as follows: Aleks Svaensson – "Syvelleve" da.nu.lo – "I'm not right" Gooding – "Licorice and Grape Kool Aid" Jetsetmusic – "Last Laugh Foundation Part C" Obadia – "Lounge" Obadia – "Slowride" Omniverse – "Hipshot" The Fur Ones – "Semicolon" Robert Phoenix – "Speedy Astronaut" Canton – "Birmingham, 43" Electrostatic—Electron Gun" Ikarus – "Praying to Different Gods" Nolens Volens – "Por Sea T" Out of Body – "Beyond Mind" Paul Cooper – "CEM2 New Stuff" Proactive Noize Transmission – "One foot freek" Project 3 – "Go get it" VOID – "Chemical 2000" Audible Ink – "Sand Turtle" O.
R. G. – "Sofa Surfur" Simulacra – "Spy Vs Spy" Wade R – Squarely in the groove Audible Ink – "Beetle Instrumental" Beet T Tribe – "Beet T Tribe" Fingertwister – "7 a.m. Disaster" Hardknox – "Coz I can" Aleks Svaensson – "Art of Recycling" Canton – "Blue Groove" Fingertwister – "Casino Royale" Aleks Svaensson – "Sunny" Fingertwister – "In Memory of..." Less Skill – "Technical Difficulties" Simulacra – "Panacea" Fingertwister – "The Reverend Will Return" O. R. G. – "Traveling Man" Project 3 – "The Search" Tripnotic – "Tripnofunk" The Fur Ones – "Transit" The Fur Ones – "Product" The Fur Ones – "The End" The Fur Ones – "Reduction" Simulated reality Visual effect The Matrix Revisited on IMDb
The Matrix Reloaded (score)
The Matrix Reloaded: Limited Edition is a score album to the 2003 film The Matrix Reloaded. It was released on August 27, 2013. Unlike the first soundtrack, which featured songs from the film, this release includes the entire film's score on two discs. Owing to licensing issues, the soundtrack does not include the film versions of two cues, Free Flight and Double Trouble. Prior to the La-La Land release, a bootleg version had surfaced containing much the same material as the official release. Composed and conducted by Don Davis. Performed by The Hollywood Studio Symphony. Though reviews of this soundtrack have been scarce in comparison to the first one, the overall reaction to the release has been positive. Positive reviews have come from websites Discogs and Soundtrack DB, as well as favorable review from the blog 5:4; this soundtrack has been noted for including tracks. Davis's tracks "Burly Brawl" and "Chateau Swashbuckling" were unused in favor of alternate versions by Juno Reactor and Rob Dougan with the latter portion of the unused "Burly Brawl" is modified in the film to become the latter portion of the final film version of "Burly Brawl".
Additionally, Davis's version of "Double Trouble" was altered in the film with the addition of samples from the song "Dread Rock" by Oakenfold, found on the first Matrix Reloaded soundtrack. The website eNotes notes that despite being billed as the complete score, this album does not include a number of cues from the film, such as the extended version of the track "The Bane Transformation". Simulated Reality
The Matrix: Path of Neo
The Matrix: Path of Neo is an action-adventure video game, the third spin-off from The Matrix series and the second developed by Shiny Entertainment. The game was written and directed by The Wachowskis, who wrote and directed the three The Matrix films. Players control the character Neo. In Shiny Entertainment's first licensed Matrix game, Enter the Matrix, only sideline characters were playable, it did not feature the series' protagonist Neo, due to its nature as an extension of the films' storyline, had few recreations of scenes in the film trilogy. The Matrix: Path of Neo allows the player to participate in many of the major action scenes in the films. Most of these sequences, picked by the movie directors themselves, are taken from the first film in the series. At the start of the game, the player is hacker Thomas Anderson, does not possess any of the powers that the character will discover as Neo; as the game continues, players learn new skills and techniques, equipping Neo for the final showdown with Agent Smith.
These additional skills may be levels and in the main game. Many of these skills are used by Neo in the trilogy, including the bullet dodge, bullet stop, flight. A number of weapons are available in the game, consisting of both melee firearms; the game allows the player to meet many of the characters in the films, including Trinity and the Merovingian, amongst others. The game uses film excerpts as cut scenes throughout the game at certain milestones; this footage includes clips from the original The Matrix theatrical films, from other sources, including the short film series, The Animatrix and Enter the Matrix. The Matrix: Path of Neo received "mixed or average reviews" on all platforms according to video game review aggregator Metacritic. In Japan, Famitsu gave the PlayStation 2 version a score of one seven, two sixes, one seven, for a total of 26 out of 40. CiN Weekly gave it a score of 81 out of 100 and called it "An interesting re-imagining of the Matrix story in the form of an action game with OK controls and annoying camera."
The New York Times gave it a positive review and stated: "After spawning two mediocre sequels, a collection of dull cartoon shorts and a couple of forgettable video games, there is some life left in the Matrix franchise after all, as this game proves." USA Today, gave it six stars out of ten and stated that the game "underwhelms, failing to convey the spark and visual appeal of the films." The Matrix: Path of Neo at MobyGames
Trinity (The Matrix)
Trinity is a fictional character in The Matrix franchise. She is portrayed by Carrie-Anne Moss in the films. In the gameplay segments of Path of Neo, she is voiced by Jennifer Hale. Trinity first appears in the first film in The Matrix. Like the series' other main characters, Trinity is a computer programmer and a hacker who has escaped from the Matrix, a sophisticated computer program in which most humans are imprisoned. Though few specifics are revealed about her previous life inside the Matrix, it is told that she cracked a database so secure that she is famous among hackers, that Morpheus, one of a number of real-world hovercraft commanders identified her and helped her escape from the program. At the beginning of the series, she is first mate on Morpheus' Nebuchadnezzar and serves as a go-between for him and the individuals he wishes to free from the Matrix; as the series progresses, her primary importance as a character becomes her close relationship with Neo. She is skilled with computers, at operating vehicles both inside and outside the Matrix, in martial arts.
Trinity is first introduced at the beginning of The Matrix, in a phone conversation with Cypher, heard offscreen. This cuts to a group of police officers. On hand are Agents, sentient programs that police the Matrix to pinpoint potential troublemakers and neutralize them. Trinity is next seen communicating with Neo for Morpheus in several encounters, she and the rest of the Nebuchadnezzar's crew unplug Neo from the Matrix and begin his training as a new recruit in the war against the machines. She participates in several missions into the Matrix, including taking Neo to The Oracle, a sentient program inside the Matrix who seems paradoxically, to possess enhanced powers of intuition and foresight. Throughout the film, it is apparent that Trinity has been in love with Neo from afar for some time, although she continues to conceal her feelings for him. Near the end of the first film, after he is killed by Agent Smith inside the Matrix, she speaks to his interfaced physical body and reveals that the Oracle told her that she would fall in love with The One, a prophesied individual capable of manipulating the Matrix to an unprecedented degree.
She kisses him, whereupon he miraculously returns to life both in the real world and within the Matrix. The resurrected Neo defeats the three Agents and returns to his body back on the ship; the first film ends with Neo returning to the Matrix to show people still unknowingly trapped there what they, might achieve someday. This marks the beginning of a romantic relationship between Neo and Trinity which proves decisive in the outcome of the series. In The Matrix Reloaded, the second film in the series, Trinity aids in the rescue of the Keymaker from the Merovingian and in the subsequent escape, her primary role in the plot does not come into play until the climax of the story, where Neo is forced to choose between saving Trinity after she is shot by an Agent, reconstructing Zion. Neo chooses to save Trinity. In The Matrix Revolutions, the final installment of the Matrix series, Trinity helps rescue Neo from a cut-off segment of the Matrix, where he is being held by a program in the employ of the Merovingian.
In the real world, Trinity goes with Neo to the Machine City in an attempt to negotiate with the Machines. While attempting to evade Machine pursuers, their hovercraft crashes, Trinity is fatally wounded, she dies in Neo's arms. After Trinity's death, Neo sacrifices his life to negotiate a truce with the Machines, as he does not want to live without Trinity; the Architect is shown reaffirming his promise to the Oracle to free all of those humans wishing to exit the Matrix for good. In Enter the Matrix, Trinity appears in a scene where she faces off against Ghost in a practice spar, the two subsequently discussing their shared belief that Neo can defeat the Machines. Over the course of the game, it is implied, although never expressly stated, that Ghost is in love with Trinity, but that she regards him as a brother for their having been freed from the Matrix at or near the same time, her role in The Matrix: Path of Neo is similar to her appearances with Neo in the films. Trinity appears in The Animatrix and The Matrix Comics.
Despite having "died" during the course of the third film, Trinity made a return to the series in the official continuation, The Matrix Online. Taking on a major role in the game's final chapters it is revealed both she and Neo are the culmination of decades of Machine research into translating human DNA into Machine code, allowing them to interface directly with technology without the need for simulated interfaces. Developed by The Oracle, this program is called The Biological Interface Program and is sought after by the Oligarchy as a means to transfer their digital minds to physical bodies instead of the mechanical androids they had developed. Without a physical form, Trinity takes the appearance of a floating figure made of golden code when within The Matrix. Distraught with her condition, she finds solace in the fact her existence is the key to rebooting the Matrix and erasing Oligarch override control once and for all, she meets her end in the Source of The Matrix, merging with a human inside the core of the Machine code base itself, combining the three core groups.
Morpheus (The Matrix)
Morpheus is a fictional character in The Matrix franchise. He is portrayed by Laurence Fishburne in the films, in the video game The Matrix: Path of Neo where he was the only actor to reprise his character's voice. Lana and Lilly Wachowski, the creators of The Matrix franchise, instructed Fishburne to base his performance on Morpheus, a character in Neil Gaiman's comic book series The Sandman. At the studio's request, Gaiman wrote "Goliath", a promotional short story set in the film's universe; the name Morpheus is that of the god of dreams in Greek mythology, consistent with the character's involvement with the "dreaming" of the Matrix. The mythical Morpheus and his family, including two brothers, lived in a dream world protected by the Gates of Morpheus with two monsters standing guard. Beyond the gates were the River of Forgetfulness, beside which Morpheus once carried his father to hide in a cave, the River of Oblivion; this theme of duality carries over to Morpheus in The Matrix, who offers Neo either a blue pill or a red pill.
In the Matrix films, Morpheus is the captain of the Nebuchadnezzar, a hovercraft of the human forces of the last human city, Zion, in a devastated world where most humans are grown by sentient machines and kept imprisoned in the Matrix, a virtual computer-generated world. Morpheus was once a human living inside the Matrix. Morpheus is a popular public figure in the city of Zion, he is known in the Matrix, but as a dangerous terrorist wanted by'Agents', who appear to be Federal investigators but are sentient computer programs that patrol the Matrix, eliminating any threat to the Matrix. Like other hovercraft crews and his crew are dedicated to the protection of Zion and the freeing of humans from the Matrix. Earlier in his life, Morpheus gained the romantic attention of another hovercraft captain, their relationship became estranged shortly after Morpheus visited the Oracle, an ally living in the Matrix, who told Morpheus that he would be the person who would find the One, a human having superhuman abilities within the Matrix who could end the human/machine war.
Since that visit, Morpheus has spent much of his life searching the Matrix for the One. In The Matrix and The Matrix Reloaded, Morpheus was known to be a inspirational leader and influential teacher to many people the majority of his crew, to the extent that Tank commented that "Morpheus was a father to them, as well as a leader". In The Matrix Revolutions, with Morpheus's faith in the prophecy shattered, he doesn't appear as strong a leader as he was in the first two films. Despite his strong faith, Morpheus still showed some rationality in dangerous situations rather than blindly relying on his beliefs to see him through the current crisis, his strong single-minded belief in Neo as the One has strong Biblical correlations to that of John the Baptist's belief in the prophecy of the Messiah. Like Morpheus preaching about the imminent return of the One into the Matrix, John was preaching in the desert of the Messiah's imminent return, searched for the Messiah to come who would deliver his people from bondage.
Upon finding Jesus, he believed so in Jesus as the Messiah, John willingly stepped aside and let Christ take up the groundwork that John had created and laid before him, continue where John had left off. In the first feature film, The Matrix, Morpheus finds and monitors a man named Thomas A. Anderson, a hacker who calls himself Neo. Despite a close call with Agents that capture and place a surveillance device on Neo and his crew locate him. Morpheus offers Neo a choice of ingesting a red pill, which will activate a trace program to locate Neo's body in the real world and allow the Nebuchadnezzar crew to extract him, or a blue pill, which will leave Neo in the Matrix to live and believe as he wishes. Neo takes the red pill; the Nebuchadnezzar crew is able to eject Neo's body from the Matrix powerplant and retrieve him from the cold sewers where the machines patrol. Morpheus takes a risk in helping Neo escape the Matrix, as human minds that live too long in the Matrix may have trouble in comprehending the reality.
Neo does experience denial when Morpheus explains the truth, a point for which Morpheus apologizes. Shortly after Neo visits the Oracle, Morpheus is captured by agents; because Morpheus, as a hovercraft captain, possesses access codes to the Zion mainframe computer, the surviving members of the ship's crew are about to unplug Morpheus from the Matrix, without reconnecting his mind and body, a process that will kill him. Neo and Trinity, reenter the Matrix to make a daring and successful rescue of Morpheus. Neo saves Trinity from a helicopter crash. Neo is killed by Agent Smith shortly after the rescue, but revived as the One and returned to the Nebuchadnezzar before the Machines' Sentinels can destroy the ship. In the second film, The Matrix Reloaded, Morpheus is more confident. A spiritual as well as an influential leader, Morpheus convinces one hovercraft ship to stay in the Matrix to await contact from the Oracle, despite orders from Zion for all ships to return to the city. Here he incurs the wrath of commander of the Zion defensive forces.
With the aid of Trinity and Niobe, Morpheus suc
Niobe (The Matrix)
Niobe is a fictional character in The Matrix franchise. She is portrayed by Jada Pinkett-Smith, she serves as a supporting character in the two sequels of the original film, The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions, one of the protagonists of video game Enter the Matrix. Niobe appears in the MMORPG The Matrix Online. In the game, Niobe's character voicing is portrayed by Gina Torres, who portrayed the minor Zion character Cas in The Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. Jada Pinkett-Smith was recruited by the Wachowski sisters, the character of Niobe was created just for her in Matrix Reloaded and The Matrix Revolutions. Niobe is a human from Zion, being one of the rebels participating in the war against the Machines and the Matrix, she is the captain and pilot of a Zion hovercraft, the Logos, the smallest ship in the human fleet with a crew of only three: herself, weapons expert and First Mate Ghost, Operator Sparks. Within the virtual world of the Matrix, Niobe is one of Zion's most gifted martial artists.
She has "killed" at least one Agent, survived multiple encounters with the Merovingian's superhuman thugs, faced Seraph in one-on-one combat, managed to survive and escape from a confrontation with the replicating entity Smith. In the real world, she is the most skilled pilot among the rebel forces, she demonstrates this on several occasions. In one scene during The Matrix Revolutions, she maneuvered the rather massive hovercraft Hammer through the narrow, cluttered passage of a mechanical line, a feat no other pilot has performed, she performs a 270-degree flip with the hovercraft, as an evasive maneuver, which no previous pilot had attempted before. She gave up her ship to Neo so he could go and stop the machines; when questioned about this since she didn't believe in the prophecy, she responded she still didn't, but she did believe in Neo. Niobe was once romantically involved with Morpheus, but their relationship broke apart after Morpheus received his revelations from the Oracle and started to preach the prophecy of the One.
After breaking up with Morpheus, Niobe becomes involved with Commander Jason Locke, a taciturn, practical man, in many ways the exact opposite of Morpheus. Both Persephone and The Oracle insinuate that Niobe is still in love with Morpheus when they confront her in Enter the Matrix. At the end of The Matrix Revolutions, as the retreating Machine army obliged the new peace bartered by Neo, Niobe is seen embracing Morpheus an indication of a renewal of their romance. In January 2004, Pinkett Smith was nominated for an NAACP Image Award for the role of Niobe. Fellow cast member Nona Gaye received a nod for her portrayal of Zee. In Chapter 5.1 of The Matrix Online, Niobe had a meeting with fellow Zion operatives inside Bishop Imports in the International District to test out a set of chemicals that were upgrades meant for the Agent programs. After consuming the chemicals, her trusted subordinate, shoots Niobe and all Zion operatives in the meeting while an operator of his hovercraft pulls the plug on one of his surviving crewmembers who isn't in on his plot.
Niobe's floor is sealed and there is no way to access her floor with both the elevator and staircase systems. During the recent set of critical missions and redpill operatives from all parties are attempting to save her. In Chapter 5.2 of The Matrix Online, Niobe was rescued chronologically after the fourth Zion critical mission. On the Recursion instance, Ghost leads a rescue team to Bishop Imports in Ueno, while the Effectuator, other redpills protect the hardline systems to facilitate the operation. Other minor roles include briefing and de-briefing Zion operatives during missions, rewarding Redpills with special items. Simulated reality The Matrix Reloaded: Characters