Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida as well as the southeastern United States, the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. It is the seat of Duval County, with which the city government consolidated in 1968. Consolidation gave Jacksonville its great size and placed most of its metropolitan population within the city limits; as of 2018, Jacksonville's population was estimated to be 903,889. The Jacksonville metropolitan area has a population of 1,523,615 and is the fourth largest metropolitan area in Florida. Jacksonville is centered on the banks of the St. Johns River in the First Coast region of northeast Florida, about 25 miles south of the Georgia state line and 328 miles north of Miami; the Jacksonville Beaches communities are along the adjacent Atlantic coast. The area was inhabited by the Timucua people, in 1564 was the site of the French colony of Fort Caroline, one of the earliest European settlements in what is now the continental United States. Under British rule, a settlement grew at the narrow point in the river where cattle crossed, known as Wacca Pilatka to the Seminole and the Cow Ford to the British.
A platted town was established there in 1822, a year after the United States gained Florida from Spain. Harbor improvements since the late 19th century have made Jacksonville a major military and civilian deep-water port, its riverine location facilitates Naval Station Mayport, Naval Air Station Jacksonville, the U. S. Marine Corps Blount Island Command, the Port of Jacksonville, Florida's third largest seaport. Jacksonville's military bases and the nearby Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay form the third largest military presence in the United States. Significant factors in the local economy include services such as banking, insurance and logistics; as with much of Florida, tourism is important to the Jacksonville area tourism related to golf. People from Jacksonville may be called "Jacksonvillians" or "Jaxsons"; the area of the modern city of Jacksonville has been inhabited for thousands of years. On Black Hammock Island in the national Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve, a University of North Florida team discovered some of the oldest remnants of pottery in the United States, dating to 2500 BC.
In the 16th century, the beginning of the historical era, the region was inhabited by the Mocama, a coastal subgroup of the Timucua people. At the time of contact with Europeans, all Mocama villages in present-day Jacksonville were part of the powerful chiefdom known as the Saturiwa, centered around the mouth of the St. Johns River. One early French map shows a village called Ossachite at the site of what is now downtown Jacksonville. In 1562 French Huguenot explorer Jean Ribault charted the St. Johns River, calling it the River of May because, the month of his discovery. Ribault erected a stone column at his landing site near the river's mouth, claiming the newly discovered land for France. In 1564, René Goulaine de Laudonnière established the first European settlement on the St. Johns River, Fort Caroline, near the main village of the Saturiwa. Philip II of Spain ordered Pedro Menéndez de Avilés to protect the interests of Spain by attacking the French at Fort Caroline. On September 20, 1565, a Spanish force from the nearby Spanish settlement of St. Augustine attacked Fort Caroline, killed nearly all the French soldiers defending it.
The Spanish renamed the fort as San Mateo and, following the expulsion of the French, St. Augustine became the most important European settlement in Florida; the location of Fort Caroline is subject to debate, but a reconstruction of the fort was established in 1964 along the St. Johns River. Spain ceded Florida to the British in 1763 after its victory against the French in the Seven Years' War; the British soon constructed the King's Road connecting St. Augustine to Georgia; the road crossed the St. Johns River at a narrow point, which the Seminole called Wacca Pilatka and the British called the Cow Ford; the British introduced the cultivation of sugar cane and fruits as commodity crops, in addition to exporting lumber. These crops were labor-intensive and the British imported more enslaved Africans to work the plantations that were developed; the planters in northeastern Florida began to prosper economically. After being defeated in the American Revolutionary War, Britain returned control of this territory to Spain in 1783.
The settlement at the Cow Ford continued to grow. After Spain ceded the Florida Territory to the United States in 1821, American settlers on the north side of the Cow Ford decided to plan a town, laying out the streets and plats, they named the town Jacksonville, after celebrated war hero and first Territorial Governor Andrew Jackson. Led by Isaiah D. Hart, residents wrote a charter for a town government, approved by the Florida Legislative Council on February 9, 1832. During the American Civil War, Jacksonville was a key supply point for hogs and cattle being shipped from Florida to feed the Confederate forces; the city was blockaded by Union forces. Though no battles were fought in Jacksonville proper, the city changed hands several times between Union and Confederate forces. In the Skirmish of the Brick Church in 1862, Confederates won their first victory in the state. However, Union forces captured a Confederate position at the Battle of St. Johns Bluff, occupied Jacksonville in 1862. S
Gunnar Ljungström was a Swedish engineer and technical designer, specialised in aerodynamics and automobile industry, pioneering the early history of the Swedish car brand SAAB. Gunnar Ljungström was the born in 1905 as son of the industrialist Fredrik Ljungström. After examination from Whitlockska samskolan, he was admitted to studies in mechanics at the Royal Institute of Technology. While there he was elected President of the Student Union at the Royal Institute of Technology, active the constructions of its new student center facilities Nymble in 1930 at the site of the new campus in Stockholm. Furthermore, he was an avid sailor among other sports winning an academic gold medal in Sweden in pole vault, he pioneered water skiing in Sweden in 1929, culminating in introducing the new sport in slalom moves to the Swedish public at the 100th anniversary of the Royal Swedish Yacht Club in Sandhamn in 1930. Graduating as engineer in 1932, he participated in the family's steam turbine and other projects, including on transmission technology for cars.
After engagement in family-related businesses and extensive stays abroad, in 1936, Gunnar Ljungström returned to Sweden, deciding to help out with its aviation industry in light of the turbulent affairs on the continent. At Saab, he made extensive contributions in both aerodynamics, engines during wartime. After the aviation contributions, post war, he was designated head of Saab Automobile's development team of the company's first automobiles from the 1940s on, with technology based on their aerodynamics design, he would proceed from the release of the Ursaab in 1949 until the 1966 Saab 99, presented for the public in 1967, a couple of years prior to his retirement. Sweden: Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences Sweden: Gold medal of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences Clarence von Rosen medal in silver by the Royal Automobile Club Ljungström Prize of Svenska Mekanisters Riksförening United States: Honorary member of SAE International Fredrik Ljungström 1875-1964 Uppfinnare och inspiratör by Olle Ljungström, Sveriges Mekanisters Riksförening, ISBN 91-630-7639-X
Nashville Pussy is a Grammy Nominated American rock & roll band from Atlanta, Georgia. Their musical style has been variously described as psychobilly, Southern rock, hard rock and cowpunk, as well as "sleaze rock"; the band's lyrical themes revolve around sex, drinking and rock'n' roll. Called Hell's Half-Acre, the band's name comes from Ted Nugent's introduction to "Wang Dang Sweet Poontang" on the Double Live Gonzo album. Following the initial 1997 breakup of Kentucky cowpunk band Nine Pound Hammer, guitarist Blaine Cartwright formed Nashville Pussy where he would take up vocal duties in addition to guitar; the core lineup of Nashville Pussy consists of husband-and-wife duo Blaine Cartwright and Ruyter Suys, drummer Jeremy Thompson of Austin, Texas' Phantom Creeps. Original drummer Adam Neal left to form the Hookers. Original bassist Corey Parks quit one month after the release of the album High as Hell, joined Die Hunns. Tracy Almazan a.k.a. Tracy Kickass of NYC's the Wives, Helldorado was enlisted to replace Parks mid-tour.
Nashville Pussy recorded Say Something Nasty with Almazan on bass only to be replaced by Katielyn Campbell. Katie Lynn's image is on the album Say Something Nasty. Campbell was subsequently replaced by Karen Cuda for the album Get Some. Karen Cuda appeared as bassist on the album "From Hell To Texas", in the live DVD Live in Hollywood. Nashville Pussy have released one EP and two live DVDs; the band has remained underground, but has been gaining a large cult following in the rock club scene, in Europe, Australia and the rest of the world. Grassroots promotion of the band has been aided by their taper-friendly show recording policy. Ruyter Suys was voted One of the Greatest Female Electric Guitarists in ELLE magazine. Nine Pound Hammer has since reunited and plays the introduction song for the Adult Swim cartoon 12 Oz. Mouse. Cartwright had a cameo in the Mr. Show spinoff movie Run Ronnie Run as Duke's Bar Owner; the band played themselves in the Dutch Film'Wilde Mossels'. Nashville Pussy received a Best Metal Performance Grammy nomination for their song "Fried Chicken And Coffee" from their debut release, Let Them Eat Pussy 1999 Grammy.
Between April 2 to May 7, 1999, the band toured as the opening act for the North American leg of Marilyn Manson's Rock Is Dead Tour. Ruyter Suys was featured on National Enquirer TV along with Jennifer Lopez on the Grammy Red Carpet for her'revealing' Evel Knievel meets Wonder Woman leather bustier in a feature titled'Too Much Too Little' and their songs "Come On, Come On" and "Hate & Whisky" were featured in the video game Jackass the Game. Additionally, "Snake Eyes" was for the end credits in the video game Rogue Trip: Vacation 2012 and both "Shoot First and Run Like Hell" and "Wrong Side Of A Gun" were in the movie Super Troopers; the song'DRIVE' with its Gary Glitter style infectious drum beat was featured in the episode'Watching Too Much Television' of the HBO series The Sopranos. HBO'S Entourage featured Nashville Pussy's'Hell Ain't What It Used To Be' in the episode'A Day In The Valley'. In 2012 Ruyter Suys has played guitar and toured for Atlanta comedy metal band Dick Delicious and The Tasty Testicles.
Blaine Cartwright – vocals, rhythm guitar Ruyter Suys – lead guitar Bonnie Buitrago – bass Ben Thomas – drums Adam Neal – drums Corey Parks – bass Max Terasauro – drums Tracy Almazan – bass Katielyn Campbell – bass Karen Cuda – bass Jeremy Thompson – drums RL Hulsman - drums 1998: Eat More Pussy EP 1998: Let Them Eat Pussy 2000: High As Hell 2002: Say Something Nasty 2005: Get Some! 2009: From Hell to Texas 2012: From Hell to Texas + Live and Loud in Europe 2014: Up the Dosage 2018: Pleased to Eat You 2003: Keep on f*cking Live in Paris 2008: Live in Hollywood 2011: Live in Rennes 2012: Live and Loud From Europe From Hell to Texas Drunk Driving Man Come on,Come on Hate and whisky Why,Why,Why Official site Video of Nashville Pussy playing at the Fox Theatre in Boulder, Colorado on Friday, January 11th, 2008 Interview with Blaine Cartwright @ Legends French site CrashCam Films – filmmaker Bob Ray's Austin, Texas based production company that created music videos for the Nashville Pussy songs "Fried Chicken and Coffee", "High as Hell" and "Say Something Nasty" Karen Cuda interview at BassGirls.