Hippolyte Bouchard, or Hipólito Bouchard, was a French Argentine sailor and corsair who fought for Argentina and Peru. During his first campaign as an Argentine corsair he attacked the Spanish colonies of Chile and Peru and he was the first Argentine to circumnavigate the world. During his voyage around the globe he blockaded the port of Manila, in Hawaii, he recovered an Argentine privateer which had been seized by mutineers. He met the ruler, King Kamehameha I. His forces occupied Monterey, California, a Spanish colony, raised the Argentine flag, after raiding Monterey, he plundered Mission San Juan Capistrano in Southern California. Toward the end of the voyage Bouchard raided Spanish ports in Central America and his second homeland remembers him as a hero and patriot, several places are named in his honour. He initially worked in the French merchant fleet, served in the French Navy in their campaigns against the English, some months he married Norberta Merlo. In 1815 Bouchard started a campaign under the command of Admiral William Brown, wherein he attacked the fortress of El Callao.
On 12 September 1815 he was granted a license to fight the Spanish aboard the French-built corvette Halcón. Most of the officers were French, except for the commander, the Englishman Robert Jones. Before weighing anchor a conflict between Bouchard and his superiors arose when the agent, Severino Prudant, promoted several sailors. Echevarría intervened and settled the conflict, the Hércules and Santísima Trinidad set sail from Montevideo on 24 October, the other two ships departed five days later. The plan was for all four ships to rendezvous at Mocha Island where they would establish a plan of operation, the Brown brothers arrived at the island on 28 December, with the Halcón arriving the following day. On 31 December Brown and Bouchard agreed to operate together during the first hundred days of 1816, any plunder would be divided as follows, two parts to Brown, as the commander-in-chief, and one-and-a-half parts each for the Santísima Trinidad and the Halcón. On 10 January 1816 the three met again near the fortress of El Callao.
The ships formed a blockade and bombarded Guayaquil and its nearby the fortification, the following day the group seized the brigantine San Pablo, which was used to transport sick and injured sailors as well as the liberated prisoners. On the 13th the frigate Gobernadora was captured, and Lt. Colonel Vicente Banegas, officer of the Republican Army of Nueva Granada, joined the fleet. Four more ships were commandeered on the 18th, including the schooner Carmen, on 21 January the Argentine fleet again attacked the fortress, sinking the frigate Fuente Hermosa in the process
Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city of Cuba and capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in the south-eastern area of the island, some 870 km south-east of the Cuban capital of Havana. Historically Santiago de Cuba has long been the second most important city on the island after Havana and it is on a bay connected to the Caribbean Sea and is an important sea port. In 2004 the city of Santiago de Cuba had a population of about 509,143 people, Santiago de Cuba was the fifth village founded by Spanish conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar on July 25,1515. In 1516 the settlement was destroyed by fire, and was immediately rebuilt and this was the starting point of the expeditions led by Juan de Grijalba and Hernán Cortés to the coasts of Mexico in 1518, and in 1538 by Hernando de Sotos expedition to Florida. The first cathedral was built in the city in 1528, from 1522 until 1589 Santiago was the capital of the Spanish colony of Cuba. The city was plundered by French forces in 1553, and by British forces under Christopher Myngs in 1662, the city experienced an influx of French and British immigrants in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, many coming from Haiti after the Haitian slave revolt of 1791.
This added to the citys cultural mix, already rich with Spanish. It was the location where Spanish troops faced their main defeat at San Juan Hill on July 1,1898, after capturing the surrounding hills, General William Rufus Shafter laid siege to the city. Spain surrendered to the United States after Admiral William T. Sampson destroyed the Spanish Atlantic fleet just outside Santiagos harbor on July 3,1898, Cuban poet and national hero, José Martí, is buried in Cementerio Santa Efigenia. Pope Francis visited Cuba in 2015, Santiago was the home of the revolutionary hero, Frank País. On July 26,1953, the Cuban Revolution began with an armed attack on the Moncada Barracks by a small contingent of rebels led by Fidel Castro. Shortly after this incident, País began talking with students and young working people informally. This developed into highly organized cells coordinating a large scale urban resistance that became instrumental in the success of the Cuban Revolution, País group prepared carefully, accruing weapons, collecting money, collecting medical supplies.
They published a newsletter that reported news that criticized the government. In the summer of 1955, País organization merged with Castros July 26 Movement, País became the leader of the new organization in Oriente province, though two years he was betrayed to the police and was shot after his capture. On January 1,1959, Fidel Castro proclaimed the victory of the Cuban Revolution from a balcony on Santiago de Cubas city hall, Santiago de Cuba was the hometown of poet José María Heredia. It is the birthplace of the world-famous Bacardi Brand, which was started by Facundo Bacardi Masso in 1862 and it now houses a museum that displays the extensive art collection of the Bacardí family. Santiago de Cuba is well known for its cultural life, some of Cubas most famous musicians, including Compay Segundo, Ibrahim Ferrer and Eliades Ochoa and trova composer Ñico Saquito were born in the city or in one of the villages surrounding it
Stede Bonnet was an early eighteenth-century Barbadian pirate, sometimes called The Gentleman Pirate because he was a moderately wealthy landowner before turning to a life of crime. Bonnet was born into a wealthy English family on the island of Barbados, in 1709, he married Mary Allamby, and engaged in some level of militia service. Because of marital problems, and despite his lack of sailing experience and he bought a sailing vessel, named it Revenge, and travelled with his paid crew along the Eastern Seaboard of what is now the United States, capturing other vessels and burning other Barbadian ships. Bonnet set sail for Nassau, Bahamas, to the haven for pirates known as the pirates republic, after arriving in Nassau, Bonnet met Edward Teach, the infamous pirate Blackbeard. Incapable of leading his crew, Bonnet temporarily ceded his ships command to Blackbeard, before separating in December 1717, Blackbeard and Bonnet plundered and captured merchant ships along the East Coast. After Bonnet failed to capture the Protestant Caesar, his crew abandoned him to join Blackbeard aboard the Queen Annes Revenge.
Bonnet was tempted to resume his piracy, but did not want to lose his pardon, so he adopted the alias Captain Thomas and he had returned to piracy by July 1718. In August 1718, Bonnet anchored the Royal James on an estuary of the Cape Fear River to careen, in late August and September, Colonel William Rhett, with the authorization of South Carolina governor Robert Johnson, led a naval expedition against pirates on the river. Rhett and Bonnets men fought each other for hours, but the outnumbered pirates ultimately surrendered, Rhett arrested the pirates and brought them to Charles Town in early October. Bonnet escaped on 24 October, but was recaptured on Sullivans Island, on 10 November, Bonnet was brought to trial and charged with two acts of piracy. Judge Nicholas Trott sentenced Bonnet to death, Bonnet wrote to Governor Johnson to ask for clemency, but Johnson endorsed the judges decision, and Bonnet was hanged in Charles Town on 10 December 1718. Bonnet is believed to have born in 1688, as he was christened at Christ Church parish on 29 July 1688.
His parents and Sarah Bonnet, owned an estate of over 400 acres southeast of Bridgetown and it is not known where Bonnet received his education, but many who knew him described him as bookish, and Judge Nicholas Trott alluded to Bonnets liberal education when sentencing him. Bonnet married Mary Allamby in Bridgetown on 21 November 1709 and they had three sons—Allamby and Stede—and a daughter, Mary. Allamby died before 1715, while the children survived to see their father abandon them for piracy. Edwards granddaughter, Anne Thomasine Clarke, was the wife of General Robert Haynes, in A General History of the Pyrates, Charles Johnson wrote that Bonnet was driven to piracy by Marys nagging and iscomforts he found in a married State. Details of Bonnets military service are unclear, but he held the rank of major in the Barbados militia, the rank was probably due to his land holdings, since deterring slave revolts was an important function of the militia. Bonnets militia service coincided with the War of the Spanish Succession, during the spring of 1717, Stede Bonnet decided to become a pirate, despite having no knowledge of shipboard life
Anne Bonny was an Irish pirate operating in the Caribbean, and one of several noted women in piracy. The little that is known of her life comes largely from Captain Charles Johnsons A General History of the Pyrates, Anne Bonny was born around 1700. Her birth name was Anne McCormac, and her birthplace was Cork and she was the daughter of servant woman Mary Brennan and Brennans employer, lawyer William McCormac. Official records and contemporary letters dealing with her life are scarce, annes father William McCormac first moved to London to get away from his wifes family and he began dressing his daughter as a boy and calling her Andy. When discovered, McCormac moved to the Carolinas, taking along his former serving girl, annes father dropped the Mc from their Irish name to more easily blend into the Charles Town citizenry. At first the family had a start in their new home. Annes mother died when Anne was 12 and her father attempted to establish himself as an attorney, but did not do well. Eventually, he joined the more profitable merchant business and accumulated a substantial fortune.
It is recorded that Anne had red hair and was considered a good catch and she married a poor sailor and small-time pirate named James Bonny. James hoped to win possession of his father-in-laws estate, but Anne was disowned by her father, there is a story that Bonny set fire to her fathers plantation in retaliation, but no evidence exists in support. However, it is known that, some time between 1714 and 1718, she and James Bonny moved to Nassau, on New Providence Island, many inhabitants received a Kings Pardon or otherwise evaded the law. It is recorded that, after the arrival of Governor Woodes Rogers in the summer of 1718, while in the Bahamas, Bonny began mingling with pirates in the local taverns. She met John Calico Jack Rackham, captain of the pirate sloop Revenge, many different theories state that he was left with his family or simply abandoned. Bonny rejoined Rackham and continued the life, having divorced her husband. Bonny and Mary Read stole the ship William, at anchor in Nassau harbour and the two women recruited a new crew.
Their crew spent years in Jamaica and the surrounding area, over the next several months, they enjoyed success, capturing many, albeit smaller and bringing in abundant treasure. Bonny took part in alongside the men, and the accounts of her exploits present her as competent, effective in combat. Governor Rogers had named her in a Wanted Pirates circular published in the only newspaper
Madame Ching or Ching Shih, known as Cheng I Sao, was a prominent pirate in middle Qing China, who terrorized the China Sea in the early 19th century. She personally commanded over 300 junks manned by 20,000 to 40,000 pirates—men and she entered into conflict with the existing empires of the time, such as the British, the Portuguese and the Qing dynasty. She was one of the few captains to retire from piracy. She is considered to be the most successful female pirate and one of the worlds most powerful pirates in history, Ching Shih has been featured in numerous books, video games, and films in Asia. She was born Shi Xianggu in 1775 in Guangdong and she was a Cantonese prostitute who worked in a small brothel in Guangzhou, but was captured by pirates. In 1801, she married Cheng I, a notorious pirate, the name she is best remembered by simply means Chengs widow. Cheng I belonged to a family of pirates who traced their criminal origins back to the mid-seventeenth century. By 1804, this coalition was a force, and one of the most powerful pirate fleets in all of China.
On 16 November 1807, Cheng I died in Vietnam, Ching Shih immediately began maneuvering her way into his leadership position. She started to cultivate personal relationships to get rivals to recognize her status, in order to stop her rivals before open conflict erupted, she sought the support of the most powerful members of her husbands family, his nephew Cheng Pao-yang and his cousins son Cheng Chi. Then she drew on the coalition formed by her husband by building some of the fleet captains existing loyalties to her husband. She believed there was one man for the job, Cheung Po Tsai. Cheung Po Tsai was the son of a fisherman and had been impressed into piracy at age 15, Cheung rose rapidly through the ranks and was eventually adopted by Cheng I to give him the rights of a son and heir. As soon as Ching Shih chose Cheung, she acted quickly to solidify the partnership with intimacy, the two became lovers within weeks and eventually married. Ching Shih gave birth to Cheungs son sometime between the age of 32 and 35, Cheung Po Tsai died at 36 of unknown causes.
Once she held the leadership position, Ching Shih started the task of uniting the fleet by issuing a code of laws. The Neumann translation of The History of Pirates Who Infested the China Sea claims that it was Cheung Po Tsai that issued the code. Yuan Yung-lun says that Cheung issued his own code of three regulations, called san-tiao, for his own fleet, but these are not known to exist in a written form, the code was very strict and according to Richard Glasspoole, strictly enforced
William Dampier was an English explorer and navigator who became the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has described as Australias first natural historian, as well as one of the most important British explorers of the period between Sir Walter Raleigh and James Cook. On a voyage he rescued Alexander Selkirk, a former crewmate who may have inspired Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe, others influenced by Dampier include James Cook, Horatio Nelson, Charles Darwin, and Alfred Russel Wallace. William Dampier was born at Hymerford House in East Coker, Somerset and he was baptised on 5 September, but his precise date of birth is not recorded. He was educated at Kings School, Dampier sailed on two merchant voyages to Newfoundland and Java before joining the Royal Navy in 1673. He took part in the two Battles of Schooneveld in June of that year, Dampiers service was cut short by a catastrophic illness, and he returned to England for several months of recuperation.
For the next years he tried his hand at various careers, including plantation management in Jamaica and logging in Mexico. Returning to England, he married Judith around 1679, only to leave for the sea a few months later. This led to his first circumnavigation, during which he accompanied a raid across the Isthmus of Darién in Panama, the pirates raided Spanish settlements in Peru before returning to the Caribbean. Dampier made his way to Virginia, where in 1683 he was engaged by the privateer John Cooke, Cooke entered the Pacific via Cape Horn and spent a year raiding Spanish possessions in Peru, the Galápagos Islands, and Mexico. This expedition collected buccaneers and ships as it went along, at one time having a fleet of ten vessels, Cooke died in Mexico, and a new leader, Edward Davis, was elected captain by the crew. Dampier transferred to the privateer Charles Swans ship, and on 31 March 1686 they set out across the Pacific to raid the East Indies, calling at Guam, Spanish witnesses saw the predominantly English crew as not only pirates and heretics but cannibals.
Leaving Swan and 36 others behind on Mindanao, the rest of the privateers sailed on to Manila, Poulo Condor, the Spice Islands, and New Holland. On 5 January 1688, Cygnet anchored two miles from shore in 29 fathoms on the northwest coast of Australia, near King Sound. Dampier and his ship remained there until March 12, and while the ship was being careened Dampier made notes on the fauna and flora, among his fellows were a significant number of Spanish sailors, most notably Alonso Ramírez, a native of San Juan, Puerto Rico. Later that year, by agreement and two shipmates were marooned on one of the Nicobar Islands and they obtained a small canoe which they modified after first capsizing and then, after surviving a great storm at sea, called at Acheen in Sumatra. Dampier returned to England in 1691 via the Cape of Good Hope, penniless and he had as a source of income a slave known as Prince Jeoly, from Miangas, who became famous for his tattoos. Dampier exhibited Jeoly in London, thereby generating publicity for a book based on his diaries, the publication of the book, A New Voyage Round the World, in 1697 was a popular sensation, creating interest at the Admiralty
Edward Teach or Edward Thatch, better known as Blackbeard, was a notorious English pirate who operated around the West Indies and the eastern coast of Britains North American colonies. Although little is known about his life, he was probably born in Bristol. Recent genealogical research indicates his family moved to Jamaica where Edward Thatch, Hornigold placed him in command of a sloop he had captured, and the two engaged in numerous acts of piracy. Teach captured a French merchant vessel, renamed her Queen Annes Revenge and he became a renowned pirate, his cognomen derived from his thick black beard and fearsome appearance, he was reported to have tied lit fuses under his hat to frighten his enemies. He formed an alliance of pirates and blockaded the port of Charles Town, after successfully ransoming its inhabitants, he ran Queen Annes Revenge aground on a sandbar near Beaufort, North Carolina. He parted company with Bonnet and settled in Bath Town, where he accepted a royal pardon, but he was soon back at sea, where he attracted the attention of Alexander Spotswood, the Governor of Virginia.
Spotswood arranged for a party of soldiers and sailors to try to capture the pirate, during a ferocious battle and several of his crew were killed by a small force of sailors led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard. A shrewd and calculating leader, Teach spurned the use of force and he was romanticised after his death and became the inspiration for pirate-themed works of fiction across a range of genres. Little is known about Blackbeards early life and it is commonly believed that at the time of his death he was between 35 and 40 years old and thus born in about 1680. In contemporary records his name is most often given as Blackbeard, Edward Thatch or Edward Teach, several spellings of his surname exist—Thatch, Thache, Tack and Theach. One early source claims that his surname was Drummond, but the lack of any supporting documentation makes this unlikely. Pirates habitually used fictitious surnames while engaged in the business of piracy, so as not to tarnish the family name, the author Robert Lee speculated that Teach may therefore have been born into a respectable, wealthy family.
He may have arrived in the Caribbean in the last years of the 17th century, at what point during the war Teach joined the fighting is, in keeping with the record of most of his life before he became a pirate, unknown. With its history of colonialism and piracy, the West Indies was the setting for many 17th, New Providences harbour could easily accommodate hundreds of ships, and was too shallow for the Royal Navys larger vessels to navigate. In New Providence, pirates found a welcome respite from the law, Teach was one of those who came to enjoy the islands benefits. Probably shortly after the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht, he moved there from Jamaica, possibly about 1716, he joined the crew of Captain Benjamin Hornigold, a renowned pirate who operated from New Providences safe waters. In 1716 Hornigold placed Teach in charge of a sloop he had taken as a prize, in early 1717, Hornigold and Teach, each captaining a sloop, set out for the mainland. They captured a boat carrying 120 barrels of flour out of Havana, a few days they stopped a vessel sailing from Madeira to Charles Town, South Carolina
The New World is one of the names used for the Earths Western Hemisphere, specifically the Americas. The term was coined by Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci, the Americas were referred to as the fourth part of the world. New World are meaningful in historical context and for the purpose of distinguishing the worlds major ecozones, and to classify plant and animal species that originated therein. One can speak of the New World in a context, e. g. when discussing the voyages of Christopher Columbus. For lack of alternatives, the term is still useful to those discussing issues that concern the Americas. The term New World is used in a context, when one speaks of Old World. Biological taxonomists often attach the New World label to groups of species that are exclusively in the Americas, to distinguish them from their counterparts in the Old World. New World monkeys, New World vultures, New World warblers, the label is often used in agriculture. Common Old World crops, and domesticated animals did not exist in the Americas until they were introduced by contact in the 1490s.
Other famous New World crops include the cashew, rubber, sunflower and vanilla, there are rare instances of overlap, e. g. In wine terminology, New World has a different definition, Vespucci was finally convinced when he proceeded on his mapping expedition through 1501-02, covering the huge stretch of coast of eastern Brazil. But this opinion is false, and entirely opposed to the truth, Vespuccis letter was a publishing sensation in Europe, immediately reprinted in several other countries. The Venetian explorer Alvise Cadamosto had used the term un altro mundo to refer to sub-Saharan Africa, this was merely a literary flourish, not a suggestion of a new fourth part of the world. Cadamosto was quite aware sub-Saharan Africa was firmly part of the African continent, the Italian-born Spanish chronicler Peter Martyr dAnghiera often shares credit with Vespucci for designating the Americas as a new world. Peter Martyr used the term Orbe Novo in the title of his history of the discovery of the Americas as a whole, a year later, Peter Martyr again refers to the marvels of the New Globe and the Western hemisphere.
Christopher Columbus touched the continent of South America in his 1498 third voyage, in another letter, Columbus refers to having reached a new heavens and world and that he had placed another world under the dominion of the Kings of Spain. The Vespucci passage above applied the New World label to merely the continental landmass of South America, although the proceedings of the Toro-Burgos conferences are missing, it is almost certain that Vespucci articulated his recent New World thesis to his fellow navigators there. In English usage the term New World was problematic and only accepted relatively late, while it became generally accepted after Vespucci that Columbuss discoveries were not Asia but a New World, the geographic relationship between the two continents was still unclear
Laurens de Graaf
Laurens Cornelis Boudewijn de Graaf was a Dutch pirate and naval officer in the service of the French colony of Saint-Domingue during the late 17th and early 18th century. He was known as Laurencillo or Lorencillo or simply El Griffe, Sieur de Baldran or simply de Graff, Henry Morgan, the governor of Jamaica, characterized him as a great and mischievous pirate. De Graaf was described as tall, blond and handsome, some Spanish thought he was the Devil in person. Many accounts of Laurens de Graaf are highly romanticized, some historians speculate that he may have been a mulatto. He was reportedly enslaved by Spanish slave traders when captured in what is now the Netherlands and transported to the Canary Islands to work on a plantation, prior to 1674. The Spanish governor of St. Augustine, Florida attested to his marriage in a letter written to the King of Spain in 1682, by referring to de Graaf as a stranger who was married in the Canaries. There are some records of his involvement, in March 1672, in a raid on Campeche by a band of pirates who attacked and torched a partially built frigate.
The next day, the pirates captured a merchant ship loaded with over 120,000 pesos in silver and cargo. During the late 1670s, de Graaf is reported to have captured a number of vessels, starting with a small vessel he would capture a larger one, use that vessel to capture a larger one again. Finally, in the autumn of 1679, de Graaf attacked the Spanish Armada de Barlovento and captured a frigate of 24-28 guns, after 1682, records of de Graafs activities are far more substantial. De Graaf had become so successful that Henry Morgan, governor of Jamaica, sent the frigate Norwich, under command of Peter Haywood, pirate-hunting with de Graaf as its primary quarry. At the same time, the Spanish saw their chance to get revenge for the loss of their frigate, during a brief stop in Cuba, de Graaf was made aware of the plan to seek him out. Rather than waiting for the Armada, de Graaf sailed immediately in search of it, after a running gun battle that lasted several hours, the Princesa struck her colors, having lost 50 men to de Graafs eight or nine.
In an act of kindness, de Graaf put the wounded captain of the Princesa ashore with his own surgeon. The Princesa itself carried the payroll for Puerto Rico and Santo Domingo, after sharing out the prize, the buccaneers retired to Petit-Goâve to celebrate and refit. De Graaf made the Princesa his new flagship, renaming it the Francesca, De Graafs next foray was a trip to Cartagena with privateer Michiel Andrieszoon. Finding few potential targets, they departed for the Gulf of Honduras, there they found two empty galleons and de Graaf decided to wait for them to be loaded with cargo. The buccaneers retired to Bonaco Island to careen, but de Graaf and Andrieszoon had their plans ruined when Nicholas van Hoorn attacked the ships and captured them empty
Captain Samuel Bellamy, known as Black Sam Bellamy, was an English pirate who operated in the early 18th century. This reputation earned him another nickname, the Prince of Pirates and he likened himself to Robin Hood, with his crew calling themselves Robin Hoods Men. Bellamy was the youngest of six children born to Stephen and Elizabeth Bellamy in the parish of Hittisleigh in Devonshire, England. Elizabeth died soon after, and was buried on February 23,1689, the future pirate became a sailor at a young age, in his late teens, he joined the Royal Navy and fought in several battles. Though it has been speculated that he may have had a wife and child, Bellamy traveled to Cape Cod around 1715, allegedly to seek some of his relatives there. According to an abundance of local lore on the subject, it is believed that he took up an affair with a local beauty, Goody Hallett — the Witch of Wellfleet. Professor Elizabeth Reynard, in her 1934 book, The Narrow Land, gave her the name Maria, other modern authors have called her Mariah and Mary.
Her age and marital status remains a subject of much debate, some stories depict her as a young lady between 16 and 25, while others depict her as a very old woman. For whatever reason, he left Cape Cod in early 1716 with a group of men to seek the vast treasures on the Florida coast from the Spanish wreck of the 1715 Treasure Fleet. Wealthy jeweler Palgraves Williams, son of Rhode Island Attorney General John Williams, joined Bellamy, after Bellamy left the Cape, Hallett was found to be pregnant by Bellamy. It is said that she gave birth to a son and hid the child in a barn for warmth while she foraged for food, and when she returned she found that the child had choked to death on the straw. Some legends say that it was the barn of the notable Knowles family, in either case, she was arrested for the childs murder and imprisoned in Barnstable Gaol. Her sentence was relatively short, but she was exiled from the town, even after that, she still waited for him in Eastham. In the summer of 1716, the crew became irritated by Hornigolds unwillingness to attack ships of England, by a majority vote of the crew, Hornigold was deposed as captain of the Mary Anne and left the vessel with his loyal followers, including Teach.
The remaining 90-man crew elected Bellamy as captain, upon capturing a second ship, the Sultana, it was made into a galley, and with approval of the crew, Bellamy assigned his friend Palsgrave Williams as its commander. However, Bellamys greatest capture was to come in the spring of 1717, Bellamy chased the Whydah for three days before getting close enough to fire. After a single shot, Captain Lawrence Prince surrendered the Whydah by lowering its flag, true to his reputation for generosity, Bellamy rewarded Princes lack of resistance by trading the Sultana for the Whydah. Removing the captains quarters and upgrading the ship to 28 guns, Bellamy turned his new flagship northwards along the eastern coast of the Carolinas and on to New England
Cheung Po Tsai
Cheung Po Tsai was a 19th-century Chinese pirate. He was known as Cheung Po/Chang Pao/Zhang Bao, several places in Hong Kong are linked to Cheung Po Tsai, Cheung Po Tsai Cave, on Cheung Chau island. It is a cave, said to be the place where he stored his prizes. Cheung Po Tsai built several temples dedicated to the goddess Tin Hau and seafaring activities on Ma Wan, Cheung Chau, and Stanley. A famous pirate in Hong Kong, he was a son of a Tanka fisherman who lived in Xinhui of Jiangmen but was kidnapped by the pirate Cheng I and he was adopted by the kidnappers as their son. Cheung Po took over the business from his adoptive parents. Cheung Po Tsai was active along the Guangdong coastal area during the Qing Dynasty and his followers are said to have reached 50, 000+ and his fleet said to have possessed 600 ships. His piracy mate was Cai Qian and the two worked together until Cai Qian was destroyed by the Qing government, making Cheung decide to surrender. Cheung Po capitulated to the Chinese government in 1810 and became a captain in the Qing imperial navy, receiving the rank of navy colonel and he spent the rest of his life helping the government fight other pirates.
The 1973 Hong Kong action film The Pirate has Cheung Po Tsai as its lead character, the 1983 Hong Kong action film Project A depicts a character based on Cheung Po Tsai. The lead villain, San Po is a pirate with similar characteristics, Project As time period is a composite of several in Hong Kongs history. The 1994 Hong Kong action film Once Upon a Time in China V has Cheung Po Tsai as one of the main villains opposing the protagonist Wong Fei-Hung. As the movie takes place shortly after the Boxer Rebellion, however. The movie Pirates of the Caribbean, At Worlds End depicts a pirate named Sao Feng as a member of the Brethren Court and this character is based on Cheung Po Tsai, although the film is set many years before he lived. The Amazing Race 17 visited the cave during Leg 10 Episode 10 in Hong Kong, in the anime One Piece, one of the characters, Scratchman Apoo, is influenced by Cheung Po Tsai. The Aqua Luna junk ship is named after Cheung Po Tsai, Pirates of the South China Coast Murray, Dian H.
Pirates of the South China Coast, 1790-1810, Cheung Po Tsai Cave at discoverhongkong. com Pictures of the cave
Cayo Coco is an island in central Cuba, known for its all-inclusive resorts. It lies within the Ciego de Ávila Province and is part of a chain of islands called Jardines del Rey, the cay is administered by the Morón municipality, has a surface area of 370 km2, and is named after the white ibis, locally called coco birds. The island is known for its beaches and many resort hotels. A causeway connecting the island to the Cuban mainland opened on 26 July 1988, the first resort, Guitart Cayo Coco, opened in 1993. The Cuban exile group Alpha 66 attacked the resort with machine guns in 1994 and 1995, Cayo Coco and the neighboring Cayo Guillermo provided settings for Ernest Hemingways Islands in the Stream and The Old Man and the Sea. The causeway linking Cayo Coco to the mainland is 27 kilometres long and it took 16 months to build and required 3 million cubic metres of stone. The causeway caused concern among environmentalists because it disturbed the flow, thus changing the salinity. A number of gaps were created in the causeway to restore some water flow, wild flamingos still live in the shallow waters of the bay and can often be seen from the causeway, albeit less frequently.
Two short causeways link Cayo Coco to Cayo Guillermo and Cayo Romano, beaches are attractive for tourists and the massive coral reef off the north coast attracts divers from around the world. Since 2005, tourists can fly directly in to the airport on Cayo Coco, an earlier airport, the Cayo Coco Airport has been reclaimed as a small natural park called Parque Natural El Baga. Prior to the construction of the Jardines del Rey Airport, tourist flights for area resorts landed at the Máximo Gómez Airport near Morón on the Cuban mainland, all about Cayo Coco, Cuba www. cayocococuba. net Tryp Cayo Coco