Football in Norway
Football is the most popular sport in Norway in terms of active membership. The Football Association of Norway was founded in 1902 and the first international match was played in 1908. There are about 25,000 teams. There are 393,801 registered football players, which means that 8.5% of the population play organized football. The first football team in Norway was started by a buekorps in Bergen, Nygaards Bataljon, in 1883. In 1885 the first Norwegian club however, Idrætsforeningen Odd, was founded in Skien; the footballing interest was low, was put on ice after a few months. However, the club Odd Grenland started up with football again in 1894, are now Norway’s oldest football club; the Football Association of Norway, was founded in 1902, established a cup competition. After the NFF joined FIFA in 1908, Norway had its first international match, away against Sweden in Gothenburg. In 1911 Norway hosted its first international in Oslo, again against Sweden. In 1912 the Norwegian national football team attended the Olympic Games, were knocked out after losing to Denmark and Austria 7-0 and 1-0 respectively.
The NFF hosted the FIFA congress in Oslo in 1914, where a national league was established with six teams competed for the title Drafn, Kvik/Halden, Larvik Turn and Odd. Drafn from Drammen went on to be the first league winners; the Norwegian national men’s team won their only medal at an international championship in 1936 at the Germany Olympic Games. In the successful tournament Norway beat Turkey and hosts Germany 4-0 and 2-0 losing to Italy in the semi-final beating Poland 3-2 in the third-place play-off to take the bronze medal; the team is known in Norway as "Bronselaget" meaning the Bronze team. Norways football team won 2-1 to Brazil in 1998; the current national league system administered by the football association is organised as, from 2017 season, 1-1-2-6, where Eliteserien is the highest Norwegian level and OBOS-ligaen the second highest, followed by two third level and six fourth level. The national cup is the oldest football tournament in the country. Norwegian football began to have regular seasons from 1937, when Norgesserien startet with the inaguaral 1937–38 season.
Before that and leagues were played irregularly. In 1963, Norwegian football changed from autumn-spring to spring-autumn seasons; the league football was suspended during the World War II. The following teams have qualified for elimination rounds in the UEFA Champions League. Rosenborg BK Molde FK Rosenborg played in the Champions League on 10 further occasions. List of Norwegian football league champions List of football stadiums in Norway
Paul Michael Okon is a former Australian football player. He has Belgian citizenship, he captained the Australian National Team and has represented Australia Olympic Football Team at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona. Okon's career began at Marconi Stallions in the old NSL in Australia, he went on to play at many European clubs including S. S. Lazio and Fiorentina in Italy's Serie A, Vicenza Calcio in Serie B, Middlesbrough F. C. and Leeds United F. C. in the English Premiership, Club Brugge, K. V. Oostende in Belgium's Jupiler League and APOEL in the Cypriot First Division. Okon was inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame in 2009, for his services to football in Australia. During his time in Belgium, Okon acquired citizenship of the country. Okon grew up in a Sydney suburb of Bossley Park, he is of Italian descent. He represented his high school, Patrician Brothers' College, Fairfield during his time as a teenage schoolboy and featured prominently in all teams including the A Grade squad.
However, his abilities did not stop at the football pitch. He set the record for high jump at the College's annual Athletics Carnival in the under 16s age group, not broken until 2004. Okon left Marconi Stallions in 1991 for Club Brugge, due to a series of excellent performances at sweeper won the Belgian Golden Shoe, the Belgian Jupiler league and two Belgian Cups; these performances captured the attention of some of Europe's biggest clubs, in 1996 Dino Zoff – coach of Italian giants Lazio – flew out to Belgium to sign the Australian, stipulating in his contract that Okon would play sweeper and promising first team football. However, with the departure of Roberto Di Matteo to Chelsea – forcing him to play in midfield – and a succession of knee injuries resulted in game-time being limited. While he did return for the 1999 Scudetto decider that summer he departed the Roman club; this began a turbulent chapter of Okon's career, with spells at Fiorentina, Leeds United and Vicenza before returning to the country where he made his name with Oostende in 2004.
After a brief spell with APOEL in Cyprus, Okon returned to Australia. He signed with A-League club Newcastle United Jets for the 2006–07 season. Okon fit into a well-constructed Jets side and helped make the play-offs in 2007. Due to injury concerns, Okon decided to retire from professional football in June 2007. Okon played for amateur team West Ryde Rovers' over-35 Division 1 team in the GHFA. On 24 June 2008, along with Alex Tobin, Alistair Edwards and Nicola Williams, Okon was a recipient of an inaugural three-year scholarship under the Elite Coaching Development Program led by the FFA; as part of the program, Okon spent time at Coverciano with the Italian U-23 side under Pierluigi Casiraghi in the lead up to the 2008 Olympic Games, spent a stint studying the youth setup of PSV Eindhoven. On 2 September 2008 Okon was appointed assistant coach to Miron Bleiberg at Gold Coast United for their inaugural season. Before taking up his new role he took up an interim coaching role at APIA Leichhardt for their 2009 NSW Premier League season.
On 30 October 2008 Okon was appointed to lead the Australian U-18 side at the Australian Youth Olympic Festival in the month of January, aimed as part of a long term view towards establishing the team for the 2012 Olympic Games. On 23 February 2010, Okon did not renew his contract with Gold Coast United, following the team's loss in the first round of the A-league finals. Since he has gone away on tour with the Australian Olympic under 23 squad for a tournament in Vietnam where he was assistant coach to Aurelio Vidmar. On 19 April 2012 it was announced he was appointed head coach of the Australia national under-20 football team and Assistant coach of the Australia Olympic football team. On 29 August 2016, Okon was appointed the new manager of the Central Coast Mariners, signing a two-year contact. Okon replaced Tony Walmsley, sacked following Central Coast's FFA Cup elimination at the hands of National Premier Leagues Victoria team Green Gully SC. In Okon's debut as Central Coast manager, the Mariners drew 3-3 with Perth Glory at Nib Stadium, after coming back from 3-0 down at half time.
Okon achieved his first win as Central Coast manager in his fifth game in charge: a 2-1 win over defending champions Adelaide United at Hindmarsh Stadium on 6 November 2016. On 20 March 2018 it was announced that Okon had resigned from his position as manager of the Central Coast Mariners; as of 6 May 2018 Club Brugge Belgian Supercup: 1991, 1992, 1994 Belgian Pro League: 1995–1996 Belgian Cup: 1994–1995, 1995–1996Lazio Coppa Italia: 1997–98 Supercoppa Italiana: 1998 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1998–99APOEL Cypriot Cup: 2005–06 Australia OFC U-20 Championship: 1990 OFC Nations Cup: 2000 NSL Papasavas Medal: 1989–1990, 1990–1991 Belgian Golden Shoe: 1995–1996 Oceania Footballer of the Year: 1996 Oz Football profile
Perth Glory FC
Perth Glory Football Club is an Australian professional soccer club based in Perth, Western Australia. It competes in the country's premier competition, the A-League, under licence from Football Federation Australia. Founded in 1995, Perth Glory is one of three A-League clubs to survive from the now defunct National Soccer League. Glory entered the A-League competition for the inaugural 2005–06 season, eight years after the club's formation in 1995. Perth won their first silverware in the A-League era; the club plays at Perth Oval known as HBF Park for sponsorship purposes, with a seated capacity of 20,500. A youth team competes in the Y-League, a women's team competes in the W-League. Both the youth and women's team play at various locations across Perth, most played at Dorrien Gardens. Perth first showed interest in joining the National Soccer League prior to its inaugural year in 1977. However, a series of logistical problems and financial concerns meant that the league was not keen to include a Western Australian side.
While the state representative side continued to perform well in national and international cup competitions, WA continued to be unrepresented at a senior club level until 1994. In 1994, a group of businessmen led by Joe Claudio formed the Perth Kangaroos IFC; the club competed in the 1994 Singapore Premier League along with the Darwin Cubs. At the time, there were visions of establishing an Asia-Pacific Super League which could become a sporting and financial empire in the east, it turned out to be something of a farce. The Kangaroos finished the league season undefeated and won the Singapore league title. However, with dwindling support and resources, the experiment proved to be a financial disaster and Perth Kangaroos IFC soon folded. In 1995, another consortium led by Nick Tana made a bid for entry into the National Soccer League. Perth Glory was subsequently licensed to join the 1996–97 NSL season and on 1 December 1995 the club was launched. From a unheralded start, the club would develop beyond all expectations and help commercially re-establish Association football in a state where Australian rules football dominates the media and Rugby league was commercially about to fail.
Former Adelaide City player and Perth Kangaroos coach Gary Marocchi was appointed coach for the first two seasons and won many fans with his bold, attacking style. Believed to be nothing more than a token participant, Perth surprised many by only just missing the cut for the finals; the exciting style of "you score three, we score four" drew fans – including many British expatriates. Players like NSL-title-winning sweeper Vinko Buljubašić, Perth-based striker Bobby Despotovski and young local star Vas Kalogeracos were brought into the team and achieved cult status. New Zealand international Gavin Wilkinson was signed while local midfielder Gareth Naven was appointed captain. In their first match in the NSL, Perth Glory lost to Sydney Olympic 4–1, with veteran Scot Alan MacKenzie scoring the first goal for Glory and Doug Ithier winning the first Man-of-the-Match award. Large crowds and good results soon followed with an exciting win over defending champions the Melbourne Knights thrilling a huge crowd.
Glory needed only a point in their final match of the season but were defeated by the Knights and fell just short of making the finals. Glory midfielder Paul Strudwick was sent off during the match in controversial circumstances while trouble in the crowd marred the match. In the 1997–98 season, despite again narrowly missing the top six and signing more high-profile players like Ernie Tapai, Danny Hay and Nigerians Samson Siasia and Peter Anosike it was a disappointing season for the Glory. Fan support was further consolidated in the era of Bernd Stange; the former East German national coach became a media star after replacing Gary Marocchi, sacked and took the team into the competition playoffs. The success of the team created record attendances along with record exposure in the local media. During Stange's reign, Glory competed in its first-ever NSL Grand Final in 1999–2000 after having won the League championship. In his first season, Stange had taken Glory to their first finals series the previous season and had fallen in the preliminary final against Sydney United.
With new signings John Markovski and Con Boutsianis fitting straight into the side, local player Jamie Harnwell started to develop into a key defender and made the step to replace the injured Vinko Buljubašić. A horror form slump at the height of summer denied the Glory a top two place but massive crowds still attended their two home finals at the WACA Ground against Adelaide City and Marconi Stallions; the following year, Glory recruited young players Ivan Ergić, Jason Petković and Olyroo Kasey Wehrmann. The 1999/2000 grand final is remembered. Earlier in the Championship Playoff series, Perth had narrowly beaten the Wollongong Wolves in a two-legged Major Semi Final – needing a dramatic 80th-minute penalty and goal in extra time to advance. In the grand final, Perth again faced the Wolves and led 3–0 at half time against a miserable Wolves outfit. Yet, the Wolves rallied superbly and Perth experienced a series of defensive blunders to be pegged back to 3–3 at full-time. Perth subsequently lost on penalties, but this defining moment galvanised the team and would be a motivating force for years to come.
James Afkos, a young defender and son of Glory co-owner Paul Afkos saw his penalty saved, which gav
Football Club Mika known as Mika, is a defunct Armenian football club from the capital Yerevan. It was owned by the Mika Corporation LLC headed by the Russia-based Armenian businessman Mikhail Baghdasarov; the club headquarters were located on Yerevan. The club was founded in 1999 as Mika-Kasakh Ashtarak in the town of Ashtarak by the owner of Mika Corporation LLC, Mikhail Baghdasarov. In 2000, they achieved their first domestic title. In 2007, Mika relocated from Ashtarak to Yerevan, they were based in their own newly-built stadium in Yerevan. However, by the end of the 2015–16 Armenian Premier League season, the club announced its retirement from professional football due to financial as well as non-financial difficulties. Mika participated, their best result was in 2007, when they advanced to the second qualifying round as defeating MTK Budapest, but did not advance further as they lost to the Slovak club Petržalka. As of 11 July 2014 Home results are noted in bold. Prior to its relocation from Ashtarak to Yerevan between 1999 and 2007, the Kasaghi Marzik Stadium was the home venue of the team between 2008 and 2016.
FC Mika played their home games at the Mika Stadium opened in 2008 and located in the Shengavit District of Yerevan. The stadium has a capacity of 7,250. Armenian Cup: 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2011 Armenian Supercup: 2005, 2012
2004 Summer Olympics
The 2004 Summer Olympic Games known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad and known as Athens 2004, was a premier international multi-sport event held in Athens, from 13 to 29 August 2004 with the motto Welcome Home. The Games saw 10,625 athletes compete, some 600 more than expected, accompanied by 5,501 team officials from 201 countries. There were 301 medal events in 28 different sports. Athens 2004 marked the first time since the 1996 Summer Olympics that all countries with a National Olympic Committee were in attendance. 2004 marked the return of the Olympic Games to the city where they began. Having hosted the Olympics in 1896, Athens became one of only four cities to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games on two separate occasions. A new medal obverse was introduced at these Games, replacing the design by Giuseppe Cassioli, used since the 1928 Games; this rectified the long lasting mistake of using a depiction of the Roman Colosseum rather than a Greek venue. The new design features the Panathenaic Stadium.
The 2004 Summer Games were hailed as "unforgettable, dream games" by IOC President Jacques Rogge, left Athens with a improved infrastructure, including a new airport, ring road, subway system. There have been arguments regarding the cost of the 2004 Athens Summer Games and their possible contribution to the Greek government-debt crisis, there is little or no evidence for such a correlation; the 2004 Olympics were deemed to be a success, with the rising standard of competition amongst nations across the world. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and Russia with the host Greece at 15th place. Several World and Olympic records were broken during these Games. Athens was chosen as the host city during the 106th IOC Session held in Lausanne on 5 September 1997. Athens had lost its bid to organize the 1996 Summer Olympics to Atlanta nearly seven years before on 18 September 1990, during the 96th IOC Session in Tokyo. Under the direction of Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Athens pursued another bid, this time for the right to host the Summer Olympics in 2004.
The success of Athens in securing the 2004 Games was based on Athens' appeal to Olympic history and the emphasis that it placed on the pivotal role that Greece and Athens could play in promoting Olympism and the Olympic Movement. Furthermore, unlike their bid for the 1996 Games, criticized for its overall disorganization and arrogance—wherein the bid lacked specifics and relied upon sentiment and the notion that it was Athens' right to organize the Centennial Games—the bid for the 2004 Games was lauded for its humility and earnestness, its focused message, its detailed bid concept; the 2004 bid addressed concerns and criticisms raised in its unsuccessful 1996 bid – Athens' infrastructural readiness, its air pollution, its budget, politicization of Games preparations. Athens' successful organization of the 1997 World Championships in Athletics the month before the host city election was crucial in allaying lingering fears and concerns among the sporting community and some IOC members about its ability to host international sporting events.
Another factor which contributed to Athens' selection was a growing sentiment among some IOC members to restore the values of the Olympics to the Games, a component which they felt was lost during the criticized over-commercialization of Atlanta 1996 Games. Subsequently, the selection of Athens was motivated by a lingering sense of disappointment among IOC members regarding the numerous organizational and logistical setbacks experienced during the 1996 Games. After leading all voting rounds, Athens defeated Rome in the 5th and final vote. Cape Town and Buenos Aires, the three other cities that made the IOC shortlist, were eliminated in prior rounds of voting. Six other cities submitted applications, but their bids were dropped by the IOC in 1996; these cities were Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, San Juan, Saint Petersburg and Cali. The 2004 Summer Olympic Games cost the Government of Greece €8.954 billion to stage. According to the cost-benefit evaluation of the impact of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games presented to the Greek Parliament in January 2013 by the Minister of Finance Mr. Giannis Stournaras, the overall net economic benefit for Greece was positive.
The Athens 2004 Organizing Committee, responsible for the preparation and organisation of the Games, concluded its operations as a company in 2005 with a surplus of €130.6 million. ATHOC contributed €123.6 million of the surplus to the Greek State to cover other related expenditures of the Greek State in organizing the Games. As a result, ATHOC reported in its official published accounts a net profit of €7 million; the State's contribution to the total ATHOC budget was 8% of its expenditure against an anticipated 14%. The overall revenue of ATHOC, including income from tickets, broadcasting rights, merchandise sales etc. totalled €2,098.4 million. The largest percentage of that income came from broadcasting rights; the overall expenditure of ATHOC was €1,967.8 million. Analysts refer to the "Cost of the Olympic Games" by taking into account not only the Organizing Committee's budget directly related to the Olympic Games, but the cost incurred by the hosting country during preparation, i.e. the large projects required for the upgrade of the country's infrastructure, including sports infrastructure, airports, power grid etc.
This cost, however, is not directly attributable to the act
Sunnybank is a suburb in the City of Brisbane, Australia. In the 2016 census, Sunnybank had a population of 8697 people. Sunnybank is known for its high level of Asian population and the Asian shops and restaurants in the area; the Jagera Indigenous people were the first to inhabit the area well over 20,000 years ago. Early settlers noticed that the Sunnybank district had good rainfall and a beautiful loamy soil, somewhat sandy in character, that produced beautiful displays of natural wild flowers. From the mid-19th century it developed into a farming area with prosperous fruit and poultry farms and gardens of every kind; the Town of Sunnybank in the 19th century was part of a much larger area known as the Parish of Yeerongpilly, but a distinct town outside of the area known as Brisbane. In 1885, the railway line was extended from Yeerongpilly, names had to be given to the railway stations along the line. Sunnybank got its name from a local farm, owned by the Gillespies, when 2 acres of land were taken over for the railway.
Brae is Scottish for the English word bank, so the area was given boundaries and named Sunnybank. The present suburb much reduced in size from the previous suburb of Sunnybank; the separate town of Sunnybank was absorbed into the City of Brisbane in 1925. This older Sunnybank area is still known locally as Sunnybank. Rolling hills and the headwaters for both Stable Swamp Creek and Bulimba Creek have drawn people and wildlife to the Sunnybank area. By the first part of the 20th century, farmland gave way to suburbia. General Motors Holden established a car manufacturing plant on Bradman Street at Acacia Ridge, creating a major source of employment for the entire city of Brisbane. Opening in 1938, The Oasis, with lush gardens, swimming pools and a mini zoo became Brisbane's most popular tourist attraction; the Oasis was located at Sunnybank. With the 1982 Commonwealth Games being held at the Queen Elizabeth II sporting complex, now known as the Queensland Sport and Athletics Centre, Expo 88 years Brisbane and its suburbs like Sunnybank were shown to the world.
With new land releases rare in the region, developers have turned to building higher density residential and commercial projects. In the late 1980s, an increasing number of Asian immigrants began to settle in Sunnybank and neighbouring suburbs; the influx of Asian immigrants caused the look of the area to change in the primary business district of Sunnybank at the intersection of Mains Road and McCullough Street, where Asian restaurants and businesses are numerous. Sunnybank is today a thriving multicultural suburb, with strong Asian influences in design and culture. Many of the suburb's shops and businesses are owned and run by people of Asian descent who call Australia home, with many bilingual business signs written in Chinese and English. In the 2011 census, the population of Sunnybank was 8,091, 49.7 % male. The median age of the Sunnybank population was 3 years below the Australian median. 44.1% of people living in Sunnybank were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%.
48% of people spoke only English at home. Sunnybank is a busy area, there have been ever-growing traffic problems in the area. Mains Road can become gridlocked around peak-hour, packed with cars and buses, as commuters make the slow ride home, although construction has widened and improved the Mains Road bridge which crosses the train line at Altandi. Sunnybank plaza has a large bus station, which serves as one of the major stops on most bus routes in the area. Banoon railway station, Sunnybank railway station and Altandi railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Beenleigh. Sunnybank neighbourhood has many spiritual sites, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Assemblies of God, Catholic, Chinese Methodists and Missionary Alliance, Churches of Christ, Presbyterian, Runcorn Christian, Southside International Church, The Great Commission and Uniting churches, Chung Tian Temple, Masjid Al Farooq, The Brisbane Synagogue.
Sunnybank State School is a government primary school for girls at 50 Eddington Street. It includes a Special Education Program. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 340 students with 27 teachers and 19 non-teaching staff. Despite its name, Runcorn State School is a government primary school for boys and girls at 646 Beenleigh Road in Sunnybank, it includes a Special Education Unit. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 437 students with 33 teachers and 19 non-teaching staff. Sunnybank State High School is a government secondary school for girls at Boorman Street, it includes the Sunnybank Special Education Unit. In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 664 students with 42 non-teaching staff. Sunnybank Special School is a special primary and secondary school for boys and girls at 79 Troughton Road, it includes an Early Childhood Development Program. In 2017, the scho