Ingrid Lilian Thulin was a Swedish film actress. Thulin was born in Sollefteå, Ångermanland, northern Sweden, the daughter of Nanna and Adam Thulin, a fisherman, she took ballet lessons as a girl and was accepted by The Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm 1948. She was married to Harry Schein, the founder of the Swedish Film Institute, for more than 30 years until 1989, although they had lived separately for many years before the divorce, she bought an apartment in Paris, France in the early 1960s and some years a beach house in San Felice Circeo. In 1970 she became a resident of Sacrofano, where she lived for 34 years, she returned to Sweden for medical treatment and died from cancer in Stockholm, Sweden, 20 days shy of her 78th birthday. Her memories were published in 1992. For many years she worked with Ingmar Bergman. Thulin appeared in Bergman's Wild Strawberries, The Magician, Winter Light, The Silence, The Rite and Cries and Whispers, she shared the Best Actress award at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival and received a Guldbagge Award for Best Actress in 1964, the first year the award was given out, for her performance in The Silence.
Winner of the David di Donatello Awards 1974, Thulin was nominated for the BAFTA Award the same year. In 1980, she was the head of the jury at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival. Leva på'Hoppet'. Director: Göran Gentele Foreign Intrigue, with Robert Mitchum. Director: Sheldon Reynolds Smultronstället / Wild Strawberries, with Victor Sjöström. Director: Ingmar Bergman Ansiktet / The Magician. Director: Ingmar Bergman Domaren / The Judge. Director: Alf Sjöberg Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, with Glenn Ford. Director: Vincente Minnelli Nattvardsgästerna / Winter Light, with Gunnar Björnstrand, Max von Sydow and Gunnel Lindblom. Director: Ingmar Bergman Agostino. Director: Mauro Bolognini Tystnaden / The Silence, with Gunnel Lindblom. Director: Ingmar Bergman Return from the Ashes, with Maximilian Schell, Samantha Eggar. Director: J. Lee Thompson La guerre est finie / The War Is Over, with Yves Montand. Director: Alain Resnais Vargtimmen / Hour of the Wolf, with Max von Sydow. Director: Ingmar Bergman La caduta degli dei / The Damned, with Dirk Bogarde, Helmut Berger.
Director: Luchino Visconti Riten / The Rite, with Ingmar Bergman and Gunnar Björnstrand. Director: Ingmar Bergman Viskningar och Rop / Cries and Whispers, with Liv Ullmann, Harriet Andersson. Director: Ingmar Bergman La corta notte delle bambole di vetro / Short Night of Glass Dolls, with Jean Sorel, Mario Adorf, Barbara Bach. Director: Aldo Lado En handfull kärlek / A Handful of Love. Director: Vilgot Sjöman La Cage, with Lino Ventura. Director: Pierre Granier-Deferre Salon Kitty, with Helmut Berger. Director: Tinto Brass The Cassandra Crossing, with Sophia Loren, Richard Harris, Burt Lancaster. Director: George Pan Cosmatos Efter repetitionen / After the Rehearsal, with Erland Josephson. Director: Ingmar Bergman Il Giorno Prima / Contrôle, with Ben Gazzara, Burt Lancaster, Kate Nelligan. Director: Giuliano Montaldo Cowie, Peter: Sweden 1. An Illustrated Guide... to the Work of the Leading Directors, Players and other Key Figures in Swedish Cinema, with Credits and Plot outlines to more than seventy important Films, Index to 1,000 Titles, A. Zwemmer Ltd.
London Cowie: Sweden 2. A Comprehensive Assessment of the Themes and Directors in Swedish Cinema, A. Zwemmer Ltd. London Cowie: Film in Sweden. Stars and Players, Tantivy Press, London Ingrid Thulin on IMDb Ingrid Thulin at the Internet Broadway Database Ingrid Thulin Official Website Ingmar Bergman Face to Face on Ingrid Thulin Bergman's leading lady dies at 76 Bergmanorama on Ingrid Thulin Ingrid Thulin: Northern Light Ingrid Thulin at Find a Grave
Hanna Schygulla is a German actress and chanson singer. Long associated with the theater and film director Rainer Werner Fassbinder, for whom she first worked in 1965, she is considered the most prominent German actress of the New German Cinema, she won the 1979 Berlin Silver Bear for Best Actress for Fassbinder's The Marriage of Maria Braun, the 1983 Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for the Marco Ferreri film The Story of Piera. Schygulla was born in Königshütte to German parents Joseph Schygulla. Both the names Schygulla and Mzyk are of Polish/Silesian origin, indicating a mixed heritage and/or the process of teutonisation of Slavs as was common in Silesia in the 19th century, her father, a timber merchant by profession, was drafted as an infantryman in the German Army and was captured by American forces in Italy, subsequently being held as a prisoner of war until 1948. In 1945, Schygulla and her mother arrived as refugees in Munich, following the expulsion of the majority German-speaking population of Königshütte by Communist Poland.
Much in the 1960s, Schygulla studied Romance languages and German studies, while taking acting lessons in Munich during her spare time. Acting became her focus, she became known for her film work with Rainer Werner Fassbinder. During the making of Effi Briest, an adaptation of a German novel by Theodor Fontane and Schygulla fell out over divergent interpretations of the character. Another issue for Schygulla was low pay, she led a revolt against Fassbinder during the making of Effi Briest, shot in September 1972 some time before its commercial release, his response was blunt: "I can't stand the sight of your face any more. You bust my balls", they did not work together again for several years until The Marriage of Maria Braun in 1978. The film was entered into the 29th Berlin International Film Festival, where she won the Silver Bear for Best Actress for her performance. In 1980 she acted in Fassbinder's miniseries adaptation of Berlin Alexanderplatz. In 1981 Schygulla starred alongside Bruno Ganz in Volker Schlöndorff's Circle of Deceit, the following year with Isabelle Huppert in Jean-Luc Godard's Passion.
She was a member of the jury at the 15th Moscow International Film Festival in 1987. In the 1990s she became a well-known chanson singer. In Juliane Lorenz's documentary film Life and Celluloid, on Fassbinder and related topics, Schygulla performs several songs. Schygulla appeared in the 2000 Béla Tarr film Werckmeister Harmonies, in 2002 in VB51, a performance by the artist Vanessa Beecroft. Five years she appeared in the film The Edge of Heaven, directed by Fatih Akın, to wide acclaim. In 2007 she received the Honorary Award from the Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival and in 2010 she received the Honorary Golden Bear from the Berlin Film Festival. In 2011 she acted in the Alexander Sokurov film Faust. Schygulla lived in Paris from 1981 to 2014. In 2018 she appeared in the French drama film The Prayer by Cédric Kahn, it was screened in the main competition section at the 68th Berlin International Film Festival. Hanna Schygulla on IMDb
Isabelle Yasmina Adjani is a French film actress and singer. She is one of the most acclaimed French actresses of all time and is the only actress or actor in history to win five César Awards, she was made a Chevalier of the Legion of Honour in 2010, a Commander of the Order of Arts and Letters in 2014. Adjani's performance as Adèle Hugo in the 1975 film The Story of Adele H. earned her the first of two nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Her second nomination—for Camille Claudel—made her the first French actress to receive two nominations, both for foreign-language films, she won Best Actress at the 1981 Cannes Film Festival for her performances in Possession and Quartet, she won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 1989 Berlin Film Festival for Camille Claudel. Her other notable film performances include The Tenant, Nosferatu the Vampyre, Subway and French Women. Isabelle Yasmina Adjani was born on 27 June 1955 in the 17th arrondissement of Paris, to Mohammed Cherif Adjani, an Algerian Kabyle father from Constantine and Emma "Gusti" Augusta Schweinberger, a German Catholic mother from Bavaria."Gusti" met Adjani's father, Mohammed Adjani, near the end of World War II, when he was in the French Army.
They married and she returned with him to Paris, not speaking a word of French. She asked him to take Cherif as his first name as it sounded more "American". Isabelle grew up bilingual, speaking French and German fluently, in Gennevilliers, a northwestern suburb of Paris, where her father worked in a garage. After winning a school recitation contest, Adjani began acting by the age of 12 in amateur theater, she passed her baccalauréat and was auditing classes at the University of Vincennes in 1976. Adjani had a younger brother, Éric, a photographer, he died on 25 December 2010, aged 53. At the age of 14, Adjani starred in Le Petit Bougnat, she first gained fame as a classical actress at the Comédie-Française, which she joined in 1972. She was praised for her interpretation of Agnès, the main female role in Molière's L'École des femmes, she soon left the theatre to pursue a film career. After minor roles in several films, she enjoyed modest success in the 1974 film La Gifle, which François Truffaut saw.
He cast her in her first major role in his The Story of Adèle H. which he had finished writing five years prior. Critics praised her performance, with the American critic Pauline Kael describing her acting talents as "prodigious". Only 19 when she made the film, Adjani was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar, making her the youngest best actress nominee at the time, she received offers for roles in Hollywood films, such as Walter Hill's 1978 crime thriller The Driver. She had turned down the chance to star in films like The Other Side of Midnight, she said, "I'm not an American. I didn't grow up with that will to win an award." Truffaut on the other hand said, "France is too small for her. I think Isabelle is made for American cinema." She agreed to make The Driver. Adjani said: I think he is wonderful much in the tradition of Howard Hawks and spare; the story is contemporary but very stylized, the roles that Ryan and I play are like Bogart and Bacall. We are both gamblers in our souls and we do not show our emotions or say a lot.
For us, talk is cheap. I am quite a mysterious girl in this film, with no name and no background, and I must say. All I know is that I am a loser. I have; the film was seen more than 1.1 million times in Adjani's native France but did not do as well in the US. She played Lucy in the German director Werner Herzog's 1979 remake of Nosferatu, well-received critically and performed well at box offices in Europe. Roger Ebert loved the film, calling Herzog's casting of Adjani one of his "masterstrokes" in the film, he wrote that she "is used here not only for her facial perfection but for her curious quality of seeming to exist on an ethereal plane." The cast and the crew filmed both English- and German-language versions upon request of 20th Century Fox, the American distributor, as Kinski and Ganz could act more confidently in their native language. In 1981, she received a double Cannes Film Festival's Best Actress award for her roles in the Merchant Ivory film Quartet, based on the novel by Jean Rhys, in the horror film Possession.
The following year, she received her first César Award for Possession, in which she had portrayed a woman having a nervous breakdown. In 1983, she won her second César for her depiction of a vengeful woman in the French blockbuster One Deadly Summer; that same year, Adjani released the French pop album Pull marine and produced by Serge Gainsbourg. She starred in a music video for the hit title song, "Pull Marine", directed by Luc Besson. In 1988, she starred in a biopic of the sculptor Camille Claudel, she received her third César and second Oscar nomination for her role in the film, becoming the first French actress to receive two Oscar nominations. The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, she received her fourth César for the 1994 film Queen Margot, an ensemble epic directed by Patrice Chéreau. She received her fifth César for Skirt Day, the most that any actres
Cher is an American singer and actress. Referred to by the media as the Goddess of Pop, she has been described as embodying female autonomy in a male-dominated industry, she is known for her distinctive contralto singing voice and for having worked in numerous areas of entertainment, as well as adopting a variety of styles and appearances during her six-decade-long career. Cher gained popularity in 1965 as one-half of the folk rock husband-wife duo Sonny & Cher after their song "I Got You Babe" reached number one on the American and British charts. By the end of 1967, they had sold 40 million records worldwide and had become, according to Time magazine, rock's "it" couple, she began her solo career releasing in 1966 her first million-seller song, "Bang Bang". She became a television personality in the 1970s with her shows The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour, watched by over 30 million viewers weekly during its three-year run, Cher, she emerged as a fashion trendsetter by wearing elaborate outfits on her television shows.
While working on television, Cher established herself as a solo artist with the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping singles "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves", "Half-Breed", "Dark Lady". After her divorce from Sonny Bono in 1975, she launched a comeback in 1979 with the disco album Take Me Home and earned $300,000 a week for her 1980–1982 concert residency in Las Vegas. In 1982, Cher made her Broadway debut in the play Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean and starred in its film adaptation, she subsequently received critical acclaim for her performances in films such as Silkwood, The Witches of Eastwick and Moonstruck, with the latter having earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress. She revived her musical career by recording the rock-inflected albums Cher, Heart of Stone and Love Hurts, all of which yielded successful singles such as "I Found Someone", "If I Could Turn Back Time" and "Love and Understanding". Cher reached a new commercial peak in 1998 with the dance-pop album Believe, whose title track became the biggest-selling single of all time by a female artist in the UK.
It features the pioneering use of Auto-Tune known as the "Cher effect". Her 2002–2005 Living Proof: The Farewell Tour became one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time, earning $250 million. In 2008, she signed a $180 million deal to headline the Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for three years. In 2018, Cher returned to film for her first on-screen role since 2010's Burlesque, starring in the musical romantic comedy film Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again. Inspired by the film, the album Dancing Queen debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, tying with 2013's Closer to the Truth for Cher's highest-charting solo album in the U. S. Cher has won a Grammy Award, an Emmy Award, an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an award from the Kennedy Center Honors and the Council of Fashion Designers of America, among several other honors, she has sold 100 million records worldwide to date, becoming one of the best-selling music artists in history. She is the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in six consecutive decades, from the 1960s to the 2010s.
Outside of her music and acting, she is noted for her political views, philanthropic endeavors, social activism, including LGBT rights and HIV/AIDS prevention. Cher was born Cherilyn Sarkisian in El Centro, California, on May 20, 1946, her father, John Sarkisian, was an Armenian-American truck driver with gambling problems. Cher's father was home when she was an infant, her parents divorced when Cher was ten months old, her mother married actor John Southall, with whom she had another daughter, Cher's half-sister. Now living in Los Angeles, Cher's mother began acting, she played minor roles in films and on television. Holt secured acting parts for her daughters as extras on television shows like The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, her mother's relationship with Southall ended when Cher was nine years old, but she considers him her father and remembers him as a "good-natured man who turned belligerent when he drank too much". Holt remarried and divorced several more times, she moved her family around the country.
They had little money, Cher recounted having had to use rubber bands to hold her shoes together. At one point, her mother left Cher at an orphanage for several weeks. Although they met every day, both found the experience traumatic; when Cher was in fifth grade, she produced a performance of the musical Oklahoma! for her teacher and class. She organized a group of girls and choreographing their dance routines. Unable to convince boys to participate, she sang their songs. By age nine, she had developed an unusually low voice. Fascinated by film stars, Cher's role model was Audrey Hepburn due to her role in the 1961 film Breakfast at Tiffany's. Cher began to take after behavior of Hepburn's character, she was disappointed by the absence of dark-haired Hollywood actresses. She had wanted to be famous since childhood but felt unattractive and untalented commenting, "I couldn't think of anything that I could do... I didn't think I'd be a dancer. I just thought, well; that was my goal."In 1961, Holt married bank manager Gilbert LaPiere, who adopte
Order of Polonia Restituta
The Order of Polonia Restituta is a Polish state order established 4 February 1921. It is conferred on both military and civilians as well as on foreigners for outstanding achievements in the fields of education, sport, art, national defense, social work, civil service, or for furthering good relations between countries; the Order of Polonia Restituta is sometimes regarded as Poland's successor to the Order of the Knights of Saint Stanislaus and Martyr, known as the Order of Saint Stanislaus, established in 1765 by Stanisław August Poniatowski, the last King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, to honor supporters of the Polish crown. When Poland regained its independence from the German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Russian Empire in 1918, the new Polish government abolished the activities of the Order of Saint Stanislaus in the country, due to the claimed abuses of its initial rules by the Russians, who awarded their version to those who - according to the dominant view in newly independent Poland - had been responsible for the destruction of Poland and Polish culture.
Instead, the Order of Polonia Restituta was established on 4 February 1921 with Marshal Józef Piłsudski as first Grand Master, with the proclaimed aim of once again rewarding the noble values that it original stood for. The Marshal awarded the first recipients on 13 July 1921; the order became Poland's main honour bestowed on foreigners, awarded by the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After World War II both the Polish government-in-exile and the Communist People's Republic of Poland, aligned with the Warsaw Pact, awarded the order, though the versions differed slightly. Despite communist control, the order's prestige remained safe and it was given to many people who were hardly model communists; the order was saved from abuse as it was passed over in favor of more traditional communist awards. During this time, the Order of Merit of Poland became the favored award for foreigners. On 22 December 1990 the Polish government-in-exile returned the rights to its version of the order to the new Polish state.
Invalid awards have been revoked and today the remaining communist versions of the order hold the same status as any other issues. Founded by the Polish Republic on 4 February 1921 as a secondary award to the Order of the White Eagle, the Order of Polonia Restituta, or the Order of the Restored Poland, has been alleged as an intended Polish successor to the Polish Order of Saint Stanislaus; the new Polonia Restituta order use the same ribbon as the old Saint Stanislaus order and their decorations are similar. The goal was to preserve the tradition of the Order of Saint Stanislaus and its association with Polish history while changing the name which had become associated with Poland's oppression under the Russian Tsars. Among Polish civilian awards, the Order is second only to the awarded Order of the White Eagle; the order entitled its recipient to a state pension. As such nominees for the award are evaluated by a special committee responsible for upholding the honor of the order; the Chapter of Polonia Restituta is composed of a Grand Master and eight members appointed by him, who serve five year terms.
Upon becoming elected the President of Poland, the office-holder is automatically awarded the order and becomes the Grand Master of the Order Chapter. The names of new recipients are published in the Monitor Polski, a publication required to provide announcements of legal decisions to the public. Order of Polonia Restituta has five classes, categorized according to the Constitution of Poland, Article 138, as follows: Order of Polonia Restituta First Class, Krzyż Wielki, the Grand Cross, referred to as the Grand Cordon. Order of Polonia Restituta Second Class, Krzyż Komandorski z Gwiazdą, the Commander's Cross with Star. Order of Polonia Restituta Third Class, Krzyż Komandorski, the Commander's Cross. Order of Polonia Restituta Fourth Class, Krzyż Oficerski, the Officer's Cross. Order of Polonia Restituta Fifth Class, Krzyż Kawalerski, the Knight's Cross; the badge of the order is a gold Maltese cross enamelled in white. The obverse central disc bears a white eagle on red background, the Coat of Arms of Poland, surrounded by a blue ring bearing the words "Polonia Restituta".
The reverse central disc bears the year 1918. It is worn on a ribbon, red with a white stripe near the edges, as a sash on the right shoulder for Grand Cross, around the neck for Commander with Star and Commander, on the left chest with rosette for Officer, on the left chest without rosette for Knight; the star of the order is an eight-pointed silver star with straight rays. The central disc is in white enamel, bearing the monogram "RP" and surrounded by a blue ring bearing the Latin words "Polonia Restituta". Order of Saint Stanislaus