Vivek Oberoi is an Indian film actor. He predominantly appears in Hindi films, he has won a number including two Filmfare Awards from five nominations. He is the son of Bollywood actor Suresh Oberoi, he made his Hindi film debut with Ram Gopal Varma's super-hit Company. His performance earned him several awards including the Filmfare Awards for Best Male Debut and Best Supporting Actor, he achieved wider success for his performances in the 2002 romantic drama Saathiya, the 2004 comedy Masti, the 2005 natural horror Kaal and the 2007 biographical action Shootout at Lokhandwala. Oberoi garnered critical appreciation for portraying a ghost in the 2003 anthology slasher horror fantasy Darna Mana Hai, a wealthy young man who unwillingly enters politics in the 2004 political thriller Yuva, a local village boy torn between Karma and Dharma in the 2005 musical Kisna: The Warrior Poet, a character based on William Shakespeare's Cassio in the 2006 crime film Omkara, a Muslim American war journalist in the 2009 romantic thriller Kurbaan and Paritala Ravindra in the 2010 biographical political action thriller Rakta Charitra.
His biggest commercial successes include the comedy Grand Masti and the superhero Krrish 3. In 2019, he made his Malayalam debut as Bobby, in Lucifer, he portrayed the role of India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi in PM Narendra Modi. In addition to his acting career, Oberoi is a philanthropist, he was awarded the Good Samaritan Award by Rotary International for his work with Project Hope and the Red and White Bravery Award in 2006 for helping re-build a village, damaged by a tsunami. Oberoi serves as the World Health Organization's anti-tobacco spokesperson, he has been involved in projects such as Project Devi, the Cancer Patients Aid Association and Banyan, which works towards rehabilitating mentally challenged homeless women. He has participated in stage shows, featured as a talent judge for three seasons of the reality show India's Best Dramebaaz, he has featured on PETA's annual list of Sexiest Vegetarians on several occasions and is the founder of KARRM Infrastructures. He is married to Priyanka Alva with whom he has a daughter.
Oberoi was born in Hyderabad, Telangana to Punjabi father, Suresh Oberoi, a veteran Bollywood character actor, Yashodhara Oberoi, who comes from a Punjabi family but settled in South India. Vivek attended Hyderabad Public School and went on to study at Mayo College and Mithibai College, Juhu. At an actors' workshop in London he was spotted by the director of New York University who took Vivek to New York, where he completed his master's degree in film acting. Vivek worked as a scriptwriter in India. Oberoi made his debut with Ram Gopal Varma's film Company, he received Filmfare Awards for Best Debut as well as Best Supporting Actor. He starred in the action films Road and Dum. In 2002 he starred in Saathiya, directed by Shaad Ali; the film was a success at the box office and earned him a Filmfare nomination in the Best Actor category. In 2004 he starred in the comedy political thriller. In 2005, he played the title character in Kisna: The Warrior Poet. In 2006, he appeared in Omkara, an adaptation of Shakespeare's play Othello, playing the character of Kesu, based on the character Michael Cassio in the original play.
After seeing Oberoi's performance, Gulzar congratulated him. In 2007, he played the gangster Maya Dolas in Shootout at Lokhandwala. In 2008, Oberoi starred in Mission Istanbul, produced by Ekta Kapoor, he performed to the song Apun Ke Saath, produced for the film by Vikas Kohli, at the 2008 International Indian Film Academy Awards. In 2009, Oberoi played a supporting role in the movie Kurbaan. In 2010, he appeared in Prince, which failed to receive a good response from the audience, despite initial box office success. In the same year, he appeared in Ram Gopal Varma's Rakht Charitra playing the role of the Telugu politician Paritala Ravi. Vivek Oberoi's film Kismat Love Paisa Dilli, which released in October 2012, failed to impress the audience and was a box office failure. Vivek produced a film named Watch Indian Circus in 2011; the film was featured in the 16th Busan Film festival, winning the Audience Choice Award for Best Film from 3000 films worldwide and amongst 380 films screened. In 16 years of the history of Busan, this is the First Indian Film.
The Film has received rave reviews from international critics and reporters from Hollywood Reporter and Screen International. Oberoi has dubbed the voice of Electro in the Hindi-dubbed version of The Amazing Spider-Man 2, released in May 2014. Oberoi worked with Rhea Chakraborty and Riteish Deshmukh. Oberoi made his Malayalam Debut with Mohanlal in Prithviraj Sukumaran's directorial debut, Lucifer,in which his performance was well received by critics and audience. Oberoi's full first name, Vivekanand, is based on that of the Hindu monk Swami Vivekananda, he says he dropped Anand when he joined movies out of respect for Vivekananda, as he considered it would be embarrassing romancing and dancing on screen with the name of the monk. Oberoi dated his Kyun! Ho Gaya Na... co-star Aishwarya Rai. In 2003, Oberoi claimed that Rai's former boyfriend Salman Khan had threatened him and Rai broke up not long afterwards. On 29 October 2010, Oberoi married Priyanka Alva, daughter of Karnataka minister Jeevaraj Alva, in Bangalore.
The couple have a son. And a daughter, he credits Kareena Kapoor as his inspiration for adopting a vegetarian diet. Vivek Oberoi’s company KARRM Infrastructure has donated 25 flats in the Thane district
Raja Badhe was a Marathi poet from Maharashtra, India. He first made his name in Nagpur as a poet, he moved to Mumbai. He worked for All India Radio for some time. Badhe produced a film on Shivaji. Many of Badhe's songs were recorded; when "Prakash Pictures" approached V. D. Savarkar to write songs for their film "Ram-Rajya", he advised them to get them written by Badhe, he died in Delhi. He had never married. A prominent traffic intersection in Mumbai, "Raja Badhe Chowk", is named after him, he was well remembered for prominent contribution in translation of GATHA SAPTASHATI ( Collection of poems compiled by RAJA HAL SATVAHAN – ANCIENT RULER OF MAHARASHTRA.about 270 BC. The following are the titles of some songs written by Badhe: Jai Jai Maharashtra Maza, sung by Shahir Sable Hasates Ashi Ka Mani, sung by Lata Mangeshkar Chandane Shimpit Jashi, composed by Hridaynath Mangeshkar Sujan Ho Parisa Ram-katha, a song from film "Ram Rajya" Lyrics of two songs written by Badhe
Hindi, or Modern Standard Hindi is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the official languages of India, along with the English language, it is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. However, it is not the national language of India because no language was given such a status in the Indian constitution. Hindi is the lingua franca of the Hindi belt, to a lesser extent other parts of India. Outside India, several other languages are recognized as "Hindi" but do not refer to the Standard Hindi language described here and instead descend from other dialects of Hindustani, such as Awadhi and Bhojpuri; such languages include Fiji Hindi, official in Fiji, Caribbean Hindustani, a recognized language in Trinidad and Tobago and Suriname. Apart from specialized vocabulary, spoken Hindi is mutually intelligible with Urdu, another recognized register of Hindustani; as a linguistic variety, Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin and English.
Alongside Urdu as Hindustani, it is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English. The term Hindī was used to refer to inhabitants of the region east of the Indus, it was borrowed from Classical Persian Hindī, meaning "Indian", from the proper noun Hind "India". The name Hindavī was used by Amir Khusrow in his poetry. Like other Indo-Aryan languages, Hindi is a direct descendant of an early form of Vedic Sanskrit, through Sauraseni Prakrit and Śauraseni Apabhraṃśa, which emerged in the 7th century A. D. Modern Standard Hindi is based on the Khariboli dialect, the vernacular of Delhi and the surrounding region, which came to replace earlier prestige dialects such as Awadhi and Braj. Urdu – another form of Hindustani – acquired linguistic prestige in the Mughal period, underwent significant Persian influence. Modern Hindi and its literary tradition evolved towards the end of the 18th century. However, modern Hindi's earlier literary stages before standardization can be traced to the 16th century.
In the late 19th century, a movement to further develop Hindi as a standardised form of Hindustani separate from Urdu took form. In 1881, Bihar accepted Hindi as its sole official language, replacing Urdu, thus became the first state of India to adopt Hindi. Modern Standard Hindi is one of the youngest Indian languages in this regard. After independence, the government of India instituted the following conventions: standardisation of grammar: In 1954, the Government of India set up a committee to prepare a grammar of Hindi. Standardisation of the orthography, using the Devanagari script, by the Central Hindi Directorate of the Ministry of Education and Culture to bring about uniformity in writing, to improve the shape of some Devanagari characters, introducing diacritics to express sounds from other languages. On 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted Hindi written in the Devanagari script as the official language of the Republic of India replacing Urdu's previous usage in British India.
To this end, several stalwarts rallied and lobbied pan-India in favor of Hindi, most notably Beohar Rajendra Simha along with Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das who debated in Parliament on this issue. As such, on the 50th birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha on 14 September 1949, the efforts came to fruition following the adoption of Hindi as the official language. Now, it is celebrated as Hindi Day. In Northeast India a pidgin known as Haflong Hindi has developed as a lingua franca for various tribes in Assam that speak other languages natively. In Arunachal Pradesh, Hindi emerged as a lingua franca among locals who speak over 50 dialects natively. Part XVII of the Indian Constitution deals with the official language of the Indian Commonwealth. Under Article 343, the official languages of the Union has been prescribed, which includes Hindi in Devanagari script and English: The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script; the form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
Notwithstanding anything in clause, for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of this Constitution, the English language shall continue to be used for all the official purposes of the Union for which it was being used before such commencement: Provided that the President may, during the said period, by order authorize the use of the Hindi language in addition to the English language and of the Devanagari form of numerals in addition to the international form of Indian numerals for any of the official purposes of the Union. Article 351 of the Indian constitution states It shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language, to develop it so that it may serve as a medium of expression for all the elements of the composite culture of India and to secure its enrichment by assimilating without interfering with its genius, the forms and expressions used in Hindustani and in the other languages of India specified in the Eighth Schedule, by drawing, wherever necessary or desirable, for its vocabulary on Sanskrit and secondarily on other languages.
It was envisioned that Hindi would become the sole working language of the Union Government by 1965 (per directi
Bandra is a coastal suburb located on Salsette Island in Maharashtra, India. The suburb is located to the immediate north of the Mithi River, which separates Bandra from Mumbai City, it is the third-largest commercial hub in Maharashtra, after Mumbai and Pune aided by the Bandra-Kurla Complex. Additionally, many personalities who are active in Bollywood and politics reside in the city; the name "Bandra" originates from the Persian and Urdu word for port, or "bandar." It is described by Duncan Forbes's A Dictionary and English' as "a city. In Marathi, Bandra is known as Vandre, which means'port' and is derived from the same Urdu/Persian word; the area was under the rule of the Silhara dynasty in the 12th century. Bandra was a tiny fishing village inhabited by farmers, it was acquired by the British East India Company while the rest of Mumbai belonged to the Portuguese. In 1534, a sea captain, Diego da Silveira, entered Bandra's creek and burned the fishing town he found there. With that, Bandra came under the rule of the Portuguese crown.
This turmoil was the start of a long period of Christianization of Bandra. Father Manuel Gomes, a Catholic priest, was instrumental in increasing the Church's prominence in Bandra. In 1580, he baptized 2,000 fishermen. By the time he died 11 years Father Gomes' "invincible strength of soul", as one historian describes it, had helped convert close to 6,000 people in the area. Father Gomes established St. Andrew's Church. Bandra became a Portuguese possession when the Sultanate of Cambay ceded the region in the Treaty of St. Matthew, signed aboard the Portuguese brig Sao Mateus in Baçaim harbor in 1534 and aided by Governor-General Nuno da Cunha and Diego da Silveira; the Portuguese enfeoffed Bandra, Kurla and four other villages in 1548 to António Pessoa as a reward for his military services. This was confirmed by the Royal Chancellery on 2 February 1550; as these villages were given for a period of'two lives', they reverted to the Crown after the death of Isabel Botelha, Pessoa's widow. The Jesuits, who had applied for acquisition of these villages in anticipation of Isabel's death, obtained them from the viceroy in 1568 and received royal confirmation in 1570.
In 1661, when King Charles married Catherine of Portugal, the island of Mumbai was given to England as part of the dowry. However, Salsette Island, on which Bandra lay, was not part of this treaty and remained with the Portuguese; the Portuguese built additional churches in Bandra, one of the earliest being St. Andrew's Church in 1575, their Jesuit missionaries, who learned local languages and cultures, attracted many Indian converts to Catholicism among the villagers on the island. Their descendants continued to support the six Catholic parish churches—Mount Carmel, St. Peter's, St. Andrew's, St. Theresa's, St. Anne's and St. Francis d'Assisi—that lie within an area of four square kilometres. Bandra became part of English territory with the signing of the Treaty of Surat in 1775, but was retroceded to the Marathas in 1779 during the First Anglo-Maratha War. In 1802, Bajirao II signed the Treaty of Bassein with the English, surrendering sovereignty and again ceding Bandra, it remained under British control until 14 August 1947.
On 12 April 1867, the first railway service was inaugurated, with one train per day between Virar and Mumbai. Six years it was increased to 24 each day; as of 2018, 940 trains stop daily at Bandra. As late as the 1930s, Bandra had only one bus service from Pali Naka, Hill Road to the Railway station. Other people just walked to the nearest railway station. After World War II, the building boom began to accommodate immigrants. Bandra was raised to the status of a municipality in 1876 and was expanded. In 1950, following independence, it was merged into the Bombay Municipal Corporation to form the Municipal Corporation of Greater Bombay. Bandra consisted of many villages, among them Sherly, Rajan, Waroda, Boran and Chuim; these have been lost to urban development of the island. The Catholic chapel of Mount Mary was built around 1640 by the Portuguese; the chapel was destroyed in 1738 by the Marathas during their invasion. The statue of the Virgin was recovered from the sea by fishermen and temporarily installed in St. Andrew's Church, before being shifted to the rebuilt Mount Mary's Church in 1761.
2018 marked the beginning of the "Feast of Our Lady of the Mount" known as the "Monti Fest" or the "Bandra Feast". To this day, the statue is venerated and many miracles and major, are attributed to the Lady of the Mount; the architect of Mount Mary's Church was Bombay architect Shahpoorjee Chandabhoy. The basilica was built in 1904 at a cost of INR 1 lakh; the original church was built to serve the garrison posted at the Castella de Aguada at Land's End, Bandra. In 1879, Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy constructed a flight of steps to Mount Mary's Church. People of all faiths and communities visit the church; the Bandra Fair is held during the eight days of the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lady, beginning 8 September, when pilgrims throng the church. The first school founded in Bandra after Mumbai passed on to the English was St Andrew's Parish School, started by Fr. Francisco de Melo in 1780 to teach catechism to the children of the parish; this became St. Andrew's High School; the school is located in Bandra West.
St. Theresa's High School grew out of St. Andrew's Indian Christians' School, housed in a dilapidated building situated in Old Khar; this school was founded in 1918. It was t
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California. Three former PayPal employees—Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim—created the service in February 2005. Google bought the site in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion. YouTube allows users to upload, rate, add to playlists, comment on videos, subscribe to other users, it offers a wide variety of corporate media videos. Available content includes video clips, TV show clips, music videos and documentary films, audio recordings, movie trailers, live streams, other content such as video blogging, short original videos, educational videos. Most of the content on YouTube is uploaded by individuals, but media corporations including CBS, the BBC, Hulu offer some of their material via YouTube as part of the YouTube partnership program. Unregistered users can only watch videos on the site, while registered users are permitted to upload an unlimited number of videos and add comments to videos. Videos deemed inappropriate are available only to registered users affirming themselves to be at least 18 years old.
YouTube and its creators earn advertising revenue from Google AdSense, a program which targets ads according to site content and audience. The vast majority of its videos are free to view, but there are exceptions, including subscription-based premium channels, film rentals, as well as YouTube Music and YouTube Premium, subscription services offering premium and ad-free music streaming, ad-free access to all content, including exclusive content commissioned from notable personalities; as of February 2017, there were more than 400 hours of content uploaded to YouTube each minute, one billion hours of content being watched on YouTube every day. As of August 2018, the website is ranked as the second-most popular site in the world, according to Alexa Internet. YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations, including its handling of copyrighted content contained within uploaded videos, its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods, hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent and/or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters, videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections, fluctuating policies on the types of content, eligible to be monetized with advertising.
YouTube was founded by Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, Jawed Karim, who were all early employees of PayPal. Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. According to a story, repeated in the media and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos, shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen commented that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story, digestible". Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from Janet Jackson's role in the 2004 Super Bowl incident, when her breast was exposed during her performance, from the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Karim could not find video clips of either event online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.
Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, had been influenced by the website Hot or Not. Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video. YouTube began as a venture capital-funded technology startup from an $11.5 million investment by Sequoia Capital and an $8 million investment from Artis Capital Management between November 2005 and April 2006. YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California; the domain name www.youtube.com was activated on February 14, 2005, the website was developed over the subsequent months. The first YouTube video, titled Me at the zoo, shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo; the video was uploaded on April 23, 2005, can still be viewed on the site. YouTube offered the public a beta test of the site in May 2005; the first video to reach one million views was a Nike advertisement featuring Ronaldinho in November 2005.
Following a $3.5 million investment from Sequoia Capital in November, the site launched on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day. The site grew and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day. According to data published by market research company comScore, YouTube is the dominant provider of online video in the United States, with a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos in May 2010. In May 2011, 48 hours of new videos were uploaded to the site every minute, which increased to 60 hours every minute in January 2012, 100 hours every minute in May 2013, 300 hours every minute in November 2014, 400 hours every minute in February 2017; as of January 2012, the site had 800 million unique users a month. It is estimated that in 2007 YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000. According to third-party web analytics providers and SimilarWeb, YouTube is the second-most visited website in the world, as of December 2016.
Shiv Sena, is a Marathi regional and Hindu nationalist political organisation in India founded on 19 June 1966 by political cartoonist Bal Thackeray. The party emerged from a movement in Mumbai demanding preferential treatment for Maharashtrians over migrants to the city, it is headed by Thackeray's son, Uddhav Thackeray. Members of Shiv Sena are referred to as Shivsainiks. Although the party's primary base is still in Maharashtra, it has tried to expand to a pan-Indian base. In the 1970s, it moved from advocating a pro-Marathi ideology to one supporting a broader Hindu nationalist agenda, as it aligned itself with the Bharatiya Janata Party; the party started taking part in Mumbai Municipal elections since its inception. In 1989, it entered into an alliance with the BJP for Lok Sabha as well as Maharashtra assembly elections, the latter of, temporarily broken in October 2014 Assembly elections; the alliance was reformed and Shiv Sena became part of the BJP government in Maharashtra in December 2014.
It has been a coalition partner in the National Democratic Alliance since 1998, including the Vajpayee Government during 1998–2004 and the present Narendra Modi Government. The party has a powerful hold over the Bollywood film industry, it has been referred to as an "extremist", "chauvinist", as well as a "fascist party". Shiv Sena has been blamed for the 1970 communal violence in Bhiwandi, the 1984 Bhiwandi riot, violence in the 1992-1993 Bombay riots; the party draws it strength from the support of the Maratha community of Maharashtra. After the Independence of India in 1947, regional administrative divisions from the colonial era were changed and states following linguistic borders were created. Within the Bombay Presidency, a massive popular struggle was launched for the creation of a state for the Marathi-speaking people. In 1960, the presidency was divided into two linguistic states - Maharashtra. Moreover, Marathi-speaking areas of the erstwhile Hyderabad state were joined with Maharashtra.
Mumbai, in many ways the economic capital of India, became the state capital of Maharashtra. On one hand, people belonging to the Gujarati community owned the majority of the industry and trade enterprises in the city. On the other hand, there was a steady flow of South Indian migrants to the city who came to take many white-collar jobs. In 1960 Bal Thackeray, a Mumbai-based cartoonist, began publishing the satirical cartoon weekly Marmik. Through this publication, he started disseminating anti-migrant sentiments. On 19 June 1966, Thackeray founded the Shiv Sena as a political organisation; the Shiv Sena attracted a large number of unemployed Marathi youth, who were attracted by Thackeray's charged anti-migrant oratory. Shiv Sena cadres became involved in various attacks against the South Indian communities, vandalizing South Indian restaurants and pressuring employers to hire Marathis; the Sena started placing more weight on the Hindutva ideology in the 1970s as the'sons of the soil' cause was weakening.
The party has been in coalition with the Bharatiya Janata Party for Lok Sabha as well as Maharashtra Assembly since 1989. The two formed a government in Maharashtra between 1995-1999; the Sena was the opposition party in the state along with the BJP from 1999 to 2014. However, 25 years old alliance of Sena and BJP was broken in 2014 Maharashtra Assembly elections over seat sharing issue and both contested elections independently. After the BJP became largest party in the 2014 Assembly elections, Sena declared that it would play the role of opposition but, after further negotiations, agreed to join the government in Maharashtra; the Shiv Sena-BJP combine governs the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Traditionally the main strongholds of Shiv Sena have been the Konkan coastal areas. However, in the 2004 Lok Sabha elections the result was reversed; the Shiv Sena made inroads while suffering losses in Mumbai. In January 2018, Shiv Sena cut ties with the BJP and their NDA coalition ahead of the 2019 Indian general election after nearly 30 years of campaigning alongside the BJP.
But in February 2019, BJP and Shiv Sena again announced alliance for the general elections as well as the 2019 Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election. In July 2005, Former Maharashtra Chief Minister and Sena leader Narayan Rane was expelled from the party, which sparked internal conflict in the party. In December the same year Bal Thackeray's nephew, left the party. Raj Thackeray founded a new party, Maharashtra Navnirman Sena. After the split, clashes have occurred between followers of the two Senas. Although the MNS is a break-away group from the Shiv Sena, the party is still based in Bhumiputra ideology; when unveiling the party in an assembly at Shivaji Park he said, everyone is anxious to see what will happen to Hindutva and, "I shall elaborate on the party's stance on issues like Hindutva, its agenda for development of Maharashtra and the significance of the party flag colours at the 19 March public meeting." Bal Thackeray's son Uddhav Thackeray became the party's leader in 2004, although Bal Thackeray continued to be an important figurehead.
After the death of Bal Thackeray on 17 November 2012, Uddhav became the leader of the party but refused to take the title "Shiv Sena Pramukh". As the Pramukh of the party, Bal Thackeray took all major decisions while the activists and members of the Shiv Sena Shiv Sainiks carried out most of the party's grassroots work. During his last days, the day-to-day activities of the party were handled by his youngest son Uddhav Thackeray. Aditya Thackeray, son of Uddhav Thackeray, became the leader of the Yuva Sena, the Youth
Summer of '69
"Summer of'69" is a song recorded by the Canadian musician Bryan Adams, from his fourth album, Reckless. The song was written by a long-time writing partner of Adams. "Summer of' 69" was produced by Bob Clearmountain. It was released in June 1985 under A&M Records as the fourth single from Reckless. "Summer of'69" is an up-tempo rock song. The song was released with two B-side tracks. "Summer of'69" received favourable reviews from music critics. The single had a strong effect on music charts internationally, with its highest peak being number four in the Netherlands, its least successful charting country being Germany; the track was promoted with a music video, filmed by Steve Barron. The video features Adams and his backing band in a variety of settings, including running from the police. After a tour supporting his album Cuts Like a Knife, he started the recording sessions for the new album, Reckless. "Summer of'69" was finished on January 25, 1984, co-written with Jim Vallance in his basement studio.
The song went through a number of changes because neither Adams nor Vallance was convinced it was a strong enough song to be featured on the album. In their first draft, the lyric "summer of'69" appeared only once. At that time the two were planning to title it "Best Days of My Life" instead. While the lyric "Best days of my life" appeared seven times in the first draft, on the final draft it had been replaced by "summer of'69" and appeared only two times throughout the song; when writing the lyrics "Jimmy quit, Jody got married", Vallance suggested using "Woody quit and Gordy got married", referring to members of his high school band, but Adams liked his version better. Adams mentioned once in an interview. "Jody" is a reference to Adams' sound manager, Jody Perpick, who got married during the album's recording session. On the song's first demo, it started with a 12-string riff, just like the breakdown section in the middle of the song, but they replaced it with a chunky 6-string intro on the second demo.
The song was recorded three to four times, in different ways, with both Adams and Vallance still not convinced that it was finished. When Adams appeared on The Early Show in 2008, he was asked about "Summer of'69" and its lyrical meaning. Adams said. "69" is a reference to the sexual position, 69. Vallance however has gone for the more conventional interpretation of the title being a reference to a year, as he was 17 years old during the actual time, Adams only nine, he notes Jackson Browne's "Running on Empty", which contains references to 1965 and 1969, as his own influence, recalls Adams citing the film Summer of'42 as his. "That song is 25 years old now. A lot of songs, like that one, hit big in America but not anywhere else, it didn't chart anywhere in Europe until at least 10 years. I think songs can have a life of their own regardless of the promotion." In 1985 the song won the BMI Citation of Achievement for US radio airplay, the following year 1986 – Procan Award for Canadian radio airplay and in 2000 it won a Socan Classics Award for more than 100,000 Canadian radio performances.
In a poll conducted by Decima Research in 2006, "Summer of'69" was voted the best driving song among Canadians who sing in their cars. The song topped the survey with both sexes, with French and English-speaking Canadians. In 2010, the song was voted the "hottest summer song" in Germany. In another poll, this time by Canadian magazine Chart, "Summer of'69" was voted the fourth best song of all-time in 2000; the song was ranked #17 on CBC Radio's 50 Tracks: The Canadian Version. In 2008, the song was voted the 87th best-song of all-time by radio listeners in Norway, becoming the second highest Adams song ranked, the highest being " I Do It for You" from 1991, it was voted the fourth best-song on Radio 2, a Belgian radio station, in 2008."Summer of'69" remains popular to this day in many countries around the world. Adams sang "Summer of'69" during the 2011 Cricket World Cup opening ceremony in Bangladesh. In its 2005 list "The 500 Greatest Songs Since You Were Born", Blender ranked the song 70th and commented that the song "made people who hadn't yet had either a first love or a first band nostalgic for the experience.""Summer of'69" has found itself in several "best of" lists compiled by various music publications and critics, including the following: Upon the release of the album Reckless in November 1984, "Summer of'69" received some airplay on album-oriented rock radio stations but was overshadowed by the tracks "Run to You" and "It's Only Love", only managing to reach number 40 on Billboard's Top Rock Tracks chart.
After it was released as a single in June 1985, "Summer of'69" climbed to number 5 on the Billboard Hot 100 and helped push Reckless to the number one position on the Billboard 200 album chart in August 1985. Like the previous single released from Reckless, "Heaven", "Summer of'69" was a commercial success worldwide. On the UK Singles Chart, "Summer of'69" debuted at number fifty-nine, managed to climb up the chart, two weeks reached its peak position of 42, on August 24, 1985; the single remained on the country's chart for four consecutive weeks from August to September 1985, before falling out of the top 100. The track debuted at number twenty-two on September 22, peaked at number seven in t