Temiskaming Shores is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada. It was created by the amalgamation of the town of New Liskeard, the town of Haileybury, the township of Dymond in 2004; the city had a total population of 9,920 in the Canada 2016 Census. Temiskaming Shores is Ontario's second-smallest city, after Dryden. Haileybury is the seat of Timiskaming District. Prior to the amalgamation of Temiskaming Shores, the region was nicknamed The Tri-Towns, a designation that encompassed the neighbouring town of Cobalt. Cobalt was part of the original Temiskaming Shores amalgamation plan, but rejected the merger; the Tri-Towns designation may still be used on occasion, but has become less common since the municipal amalgamation. In the Canada 2001 Census, the last Canadian census before the amalgamated city came into effect, New Liskeard had a population of 4,906, Haileybury had a population of 4,543, Dymond had a population of 1,181. Temiskaming Shores is located along the southern edge of the Clay Belt area, near the Quebec border on the shores of Lake Timiskaming's Wabi Bay.
The separate township municipality of Harris separates the city from the Ontario-Quebec border. The nearest town on the Quebec side of the border is Notre-Dame-du-Nord; the city is located within a smaller branch of the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben. A large escarpment, known as Devil's Rock, is located near Haileybury; the city includes the communities of New Liskeard, Haileybury and North Cobalt. The Ottawa River, which drains into and out of Lake Timiskaming, has been a well-travelled route from the earliest times, served as the initial point of access to the Temiskaming area. Native peoples travelled this route since the earliest times. Fort Temiscamingue was established in 1695 by French explorers. In 1794 George Gladman of the Hudson's Bay Company established Abitibi House on Lake Abitibi, to the north. In 1886, Alexander H. Telfer led a survey trip up Lake Timiskaming and gave a report to the Temiskaming Settlers' Association. By this time, the Quebec side of Lake Timiskaming was being settled, steamboats, the primary mode of transportation in the area, were ferrying new settlers into the area.
Before more settlements could be established, The Quebec - Ontario boundary north of Lake Timiskaming had to be surveyed. Earlier surveys by Quebec and Ontario resulted in a boundary dispute, so the Canadian government sent a survey team to resolve the issue in 1890. William Ogilvie, who had distinguished himself by surveying the Canada - Alaska boundary, led the expedition. A benchmark near Mattawa was used to establish an accurate benchmark north of Lake Timiskaming, using astronomical methods. From the head of Lake Timiskaming, they proceeded north to James Bay, fixing accurate positions of the provincial boundary at regular intervals using geodesy data derived from star transits. Ogilvie's journal describe conditions in the early settlers he met, his report on this expedition describes the details of this expedition. William Murray and Irvin Heard were the first European settlers in the New Liskeard area, arriving in 1891; some years Crown Lands Agent John Armstrong was dispatched to the area to oversee formal land settlement.
The settlers founded a prosperous agricultural center, taking advantage of the rich soil in the Little Claybelt region. New Liskeard was founded soon after settlers began to arrive in Dymond, the two towns were soon incorporated, in 1903 and 1901, respectively. John Armstrong served as New Liskeard's first mayor, his descendants still live in the area today. New Liskeard was named after Liskeard in England. Haileybury was founded in 1889 by Charles Cobbold Farr, who named the newly founded town after the Haileybury and Imperial Service College, his former school in England. Haileybury was formally incorporated as a town in 1904. Farr encouraged settlement in the area, penning his own promotional pamphlet, entitled "The Lake Temiskamingue District", in an effort to attract new settlers to the region. Marketed to settlers as prime agricultural land, Haileybury had only a handful of residents until the arrival of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway in the early 1900s, the subsequent discovery of large silver deposits in neighboring Cobalt in 1903.
During the Cobalt Silver Rush, Haileybury became a'bedroom community' that served the needs of the many miners and, most famously, many mine owners and managers. These mine managers and owners were responsible for the construction of the row of stately homes, nicknamed'Millionaire's Row' that stretched along the waterfront on what is now Lakeshore Road, many of which still stand today. In 1909, the Haileybury Hockey Club played its first and only season in the NHA; the club was taken over and moved by Montreal's Club Antique-Canadien for the following season, became the Montreal Canadiens. By 1912, Haileybury had been named the judicial seat for the Temiskaming Region, a title it retains to this day; the town of Haileybury annexed the neighbouring community of North Cobalt in 1971. The region was affected by the Great Fire of 1922, considered one of the worst disasters to befall the area. Haileybury suffered the worst damage, ninety percent of the town was destroyed, leaving only Millionaire's Row and a few other neighborhoods intact.
The mass destruction is attributable to strong wind on the day of the fire. 3500 people were left homeless by the fire. The Toronto Transit Commission, with many retired street cars in its yards, sent many old car bodies to serve as houses during the reconstruction; some of these cars remained for years, one has been restored and is in the museum a
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Ministry of Transportation of Ontario
The Ministry of Transportation of Ontario is the provincial ministry of the Government of Ontario, responsible for transport infrastructure and related law in Ontario. The ministry traces its roots back over a century to the 1890s, when the province began training Provincial Road Building Instructors. In 1916, the Department of Public Highways of Ontario was formed and tasked with establishing a network of provincial highways; the first was designated in 1918, by the summer of 1925, sixteen highways were numbered. In the mid-1920s, a new Department of Northern Development was created to manage infrastructure improvements in northern Ontario. In 1971, the Department of Highways took on responsibility for Communications and in 1972 was reorganized as the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, which became the Ministry of Transportation in 1987; the MTO is in charge of various aspects of transportation in Ontario, including the establishment and maintenance of the provincial highway system, the registration of vehicles and licensing of drivers, the policing of provincial roads, enforced by the Ontario Provincial Police.
The MTO is responsible for: 10.4 million vehicle registrations 8.5 million driving licences 55 driver examination centres and 37 travel points 281 owned Driver and Vehicle Licence Issuing Offices across the province Metrolinx 16525 kilometres of provincial highway ServiceOntario kiosks The earliest Ontario government office responsible for roads and transportation was the position of the Provincial Instructor in Road-Making, first appointed in 1896 and attached to the Ontario Department of Agriculture. A. W. Campbell held the position of Provincial Instructor in Road-Making and Commissioner of Highways from 1896 until 1910, he was tasked with training Provincial Road Building Instructors. These instructors worked to establish specifications for the 90,000 kilometres of county- and township- maintained roads; the name of the office was changed to the Commissioner of Highways and transferred to the Ontario Department of Public Works in 1900. By 1910, the office was referred to as the Highways Branch.
In 1910, W. A. McLean, Provincial Engineer of Highways, succeeded A. W. Campbell as the director of the Highways Branch. Under considerable pressure from the Ontario Good Roads Association and the ever-increasing number of drivers, which the province itself licensed at that time, the Department of Public Highways was formed in 1916 with the goal of creating a provincial highway network; the department assumed all the functions of the Highways Branch. The department assumed its first highway, the Provincial Highway, on August 21, 1917. On February 20, 1920, the department assumed several hundred kilometres of new highways, formally establishing the provincial highway system. Although established as a separate department, the Department of Public Highways shared ministers with the Department of Public Works prior to 1931 and seems to have been in a quasi-subordinate relationship with this department. In 1916, the Motor Vehicles Branch was established within the Ontario Department of Public Highways.
Prior to this, responsibility for the registering and licensing of motor vehicles rested with the Provincial Secretary. Although there are references to motor vehicle licensing and registration between 1916 and 1918, there is no mention in the Annual Reports of what agency performed this function. In 1919, a Registrar of Motor Vehicles, as head of the Motor Vehicles Branch, is identified. In 1917, the Provincial Highway Act was passed, giving the department authority to maintain and construct leading roads throughout the province as provincial highways; the Department of Public Highways was renamed the Department of Highways in 1931 and was assigned its own minister, Leopold Macaulay, though Macaulay held both portfolios in 1934. In 1937, the Department of Northern Development responsible for highways in the northern parts of the province, was merged into the Department of Highways, thus bringing all highway work in the province under one administration. On July 1, 1957, legislation was passed which established a separate Department of Transport, the Motor Vehicles Branch was transferred to this new department.
The new department assumed responsibilities for vehicle licensing, vehicle inspection, driver examination, driver licensing and improvement, traffic engineering, accident claims, highway safety. In addition, it was responsible for the Ontario Highway Transport Board. In May 1971, the Department of Transport and the Department of Highways were amalgamated to form the Department of Transportation and Communications; the new department was presided over by the Charles MacNaughton, both the Minister of Highways and the Minister of Transport prior to the amalgamation. The department was renamed the Ministry of Transportation and Communications in 1972 as part of a government wide reorganization. In September 1987, the responsibilities for communications were transferred to the Ministry of Culture and Communications, the ministry was renamed the Ministry of Transportation. Maintenance work is performed in two different ways: In Maintenance Outsource areas, where MTO staff monitor the road conditions and hire contractors on an as-need basis.
In Area Maintenance Contract areas, where one contractor is awarded a contract area and performs all maintenance work except for
Ministry of Northern Development and Mines
The Ministry of Northern Development and Mines is responsible for assisting economic development in the Northern Ontario region and for mining in the Canadian province of Ontario. The ministry's head office is located in Sudbury; the current Minister of Northern Development and Mines is Hon. Greg Rickford. MNDM's programs include the Northern Ontario Heritage Fund, the creation and funding of local services boards to provide essential services in remote Northern Ontario communities which are not served by incorporated municipal governments. 1842 - Geological Survey of Canada formed by the Province of Canada 1846 - Commissioner of Crown Lands assumed control for mines and mining. 1867 - Responsibility for mines and mining transferred to the Ontario Commissioner of Crown Lands. The Montreal-based Geological Survey of Canada became part of the new federal government and moved to Ottawa in 1881. 1890 - Royal Commission on Ontario's Mineral Resources 1891 - Ontario Bureau of Mines established with Alexander Blue as its first director.
1905 – The first cabinet minister from Northern Ontario, Sudbury's Frank Cochrane, is appointed. Cochrane serves as minister of the new Department of Lands and Mines until 1911. 1912 – The Department creates a Northern Development Branch to further support growth in the North. In 1926, this branch becomes the Department of Northern Development. 1930s – The Department of Northern Development merges with the Department of Highways. Its purpose: to build and maintain roads and bridges in Northern Ontario. 1970 – The government creates a new Department of Mines and Northern Affairs in response to northerners' concerns about the lack of access to provincial government information. Twenty-four Northern Affairs offices in the region bring the Ontario government to northerners; this department changes name and responsibilities throughout the 1970s and early 1980s due to government restructuring. 1985 – The government creates a new Ministry of Northern Affairs and Mines. That year, the name becomes the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines.
The change emphasizes the province's commitment to greater social and economic development in the north. 1990 – The ministry headquarters are re-located to two new buildings in Sudbury. 2009 – The realignment of forestry from the Ministry of Natural Resources to the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines is announced reflecting the importance of forestry to many northern and rural communities. The renamed Ministry of Northern Development and Forestry now leads the business and economic aspects of forestry, including industrial strategy, forest sector competitiveness programs, softwood lumber and wood allocation and licensing. 2011 – Forestry is once again allocated back to the Ministry of Natural Resources and the name shortened to its original'Ministry of Northern Development and Mines'. Honourable Minister Rick Bartolucci, former Minister of Community Safety and Correctional services, is appointed Minister of Northern Development and Mines on October 20. 2013 - Premier Kathleen Wynne appoints Michael Gravelle as Minister of Northern Development and Mines, on February 11.
2018 - Premier Doug Ford appoints Greg Rickford as Minister of Northern Development and Mines, on June 29. The OBM Progress Medal was given out by the Ontario Bureau of Mines and the Ministry of Northern Development and Mines in 1991 to celebrate 100 years of progress. Featuring a Trillium grandiflorum laid over a Pickaxe, the Medal weighs 17 grams. Ministry of Northern Development and Mines website History of Ontario Mining - http://www.republicofmining.com/2010/07/23/brief-history-of-ontario-mining
The classical composer is Joseph Haydn. Paul Hayden Desser who records as Hayden, is a Canadian singer-songwriter from Ontario, his early works are a eclectic mix of genres from grunge to alternative country, as demonstrated by his first full album, Everything I Long For, released in 1995. Since his work has become progressively more refined. Desser's father is Sherwin Desser, a retired University of Toronto professor of parasitology and current visual artist. Desser received a B. A. A. in Radio and Television Arts from Ryerson Polytechnical Institute in 1993. Hayden entered his song "Take" in for CFNY-FM's annual New Music Search competition in 1993. Hayden enlisted two friends to sing vocals. Hayden continued to recruit vocalists until 1995. "Take" has never been released on any of Hayden's albums. Hayden released an independent cassette, In September, in 1994, followed with the album Everything I Long For in 1995. Released on his own Hardwood Records with distribution by Sonic Unyon, the album was a commercial success.
He subsequently found himself in a bidding war between record labels in the United States, with one early offer coming directly from Neil Young, whose manager Elliott Roberts had just launched Vapor Records. He signed to Geffen Records' subsidiary imprint Outpost Records, which gave him a contract worth over $1 million, along with complete creative control of his music, in what was reported as one of the most lucrative contracts given to a new artist in the alternative rock era. Outpost rereleased the album in the US the following year. In 1996, Hayden performed both nights of Neil Young's annual Bridge School Concert, contributed the title track to the soundtrack for Steve Buscemi's film Trees Lounge. For his second album, 1998's The Closer I Get, Hayden worked with several big name record producers, including Steve Fisk, John Hanlon and Scott Litt, he toured North America with a full band, including Josh Malinsky and Mitch Roth of Poledo and Damon Richardson of Change of Heart, to support that album.
However, Outpost was subsequently dissolved due to the commercial decline of alternative rock in the late 1990s, leaving Hayden without an international label. In 2001, Hayden distributed 100 hand-written and numbered copies of Skyscraper National Park to friends and independent record shops throughout Toronto; this was followed by an additional 1,500 hand-numbered copies, this time with professionally printed liner notes. These copies were sold at live shows; the critical success of these two limited-edition runs led to a full commercial release of the recording that same year. In 2004, Hayden released his follow up album, Elk Lake Serenade, toured North America with Oshawa's Cuff the Duke acting as his back-up band, he subsequently released In Field & Town in 2008, The Place Where We Lived in 2009. In 2010, he produced the debut album of his sister-in-law, it was his first time producing material for another artist. In November 2012, it was announced that Hayden would release his seventh studio album on Canadian indie label Arts & Crafts, would play five shows in Europe as a warm up to his performance at All Tomorrow's Parties Festival, curated by The National.
These were Hayden's first live performances since his two-song set at a benefit in Ontario over a year earlier. On February 5, 2013, Hayden released his seventh full-length studio album Us Alone on Arts & Crafts, his first release on a record label besides his own Hardwood Records; the album is biographical in nature, with tracks like "Almost Everything" noting how family now takes precedence over art in his life, "Instructions", which details what he wants done with his body when he dies. In June 2013, the album was longlisted for the 2013 Polaris Music Prize. Described in the press as somewhat reclusive and private, since the end of his international tour to support The Closer I Get Hayden has limited his active promotional appearances and undertaken only small-scale touring; as early as 2002, friends were jokingly referring to his concert dates to support Skyscraper National Park as "the Hayden's Not Dead Tour", there was at least one Usenet group devoted to tracking rumoured Hayden sightings.
He undertook no promotional efforts for his 2009 album The Place Where We Lived. In 2010, an erroneous rumour that he had died was propagated in several online venues, including Wikipedia. Upon the release of his follow-up album Us Alone in 2013, he joked that "I think I realized that you need to let people know you have a record out," and acknowledged that the death rumour was a key influence on his decision to sign with Arts & Crafts, rather than continuing to handle his promotional efforts on his own. In recent years, Hayden has organized and performed at Dream Serenade, an annual charity concert in Toronto to benefit children with special needs. In Canada all of Hayden's albums have been issued by Hardwood Records, a small music label he owns. Hardwood's distribution was handled by Sonic Unyon for Everything I Long For, by Universal Music Canada thereafter. From its inception in 1994 until 2005, Hayden's own albums were all that the Hardwood label carried, but since the label has released albums by Cuff the Duke, Basia Bulat and Lou Canon.
His 2013 album Us Alone was his first album to be released on Crafts. Everything I Long For (1995, Hardwood/S
Elk-Lake Serenade is the fourth album by Canadian singer-songwriter Hayden. It was released on 18 May 2004 in Canada and in the U. S.. It was released two months in the UK on Loose Music, in Australia and New Zealand on Spunk Records. Elk Lake is a community in Northern Ontario. All songs written by Paul Hayden Desser. "Wide Eyes" – 2:12 "Home by Saturday" – 3:19 "Woody" – 1:53 "This Summer" – 2:56 "Hollywood Ending" – 2:55 "Robbed Blind" – 2:17 "Killbear" – 3:34 "Through the Rads" – 1:19 "Starting Over" – 2:31 "Don't Get Down" – 3:19 "Roll Down That Wave" – 1:38 "My Wife" – 3:02 "1939" – 4:45 "Elk-Lake Serenade" – 1:01 "Looking Back to Me" – 5:21 hidden track – 4:19
The term township means the district or area associated with a town. However, in some systems, no town needs to be involved; the specific use of the term to describe political subdivisions has varied by country to describe a local rural or semi-rural government within the country itself. In eastern Canada a township is one form of the subdivision of a county. In Canadian French, it is called a canton; the a historic colony of Nova Scotia used the term township as a subdivision of counties. In Prince Edward Island's case, the colonial survey of 1764 established 67 townships, known as lots, 3 royalties, which were grouped into parishes, hence into counties. In New Brunswick, parishes have taken over as the present-day subdivision of counties, whereas present-day Nova Scotia uses districts where appropriate. In Ontario, there are both geographic townships and township municipalities. Geographic townships are the original historical administrative subdivisions surveyed and established in the 1800s.
These are used for geographic purposes, such as land surveying, natural resource exploration and tracking of phenomena such as forest fires or tornados. Township municipalities called "political townships", are areas that have been incorporated and are a lower-tier municipality or single-tier municipality. A township municipality may consist of a portion of one or more geographic townships united as a single entity with a single municipal administration, they consist of one or more communities that are not incorporated for various reasons. Rural counties are subdivided into townships. In some places if the township is in a county rather than in a regional municipality, the head of a political township is called a reeve, not a mayor. However, this distinction is changing as many rural townships are replacing the title Reeve with the mayor to reduce confusion. A few townships keep both titles and designate mayor as the head of the municipal council and use the title Reeve to denote the representative to the upper tier council.
The term "geographic township" is used in reference to former political townships which were abolished or superseded as part of municipal government restructuring. In Quebec, townships are called cantons in French and can be political and geographic, similar to Ontario, although the geographic use is now limited or not used at all, they were introduced after the British conquest as a surveying unit. They were designated and cover most of the unattributed territory in Eastern Quebec and what is now known as the Eastern Townships, used in surveying the Outaouais and Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean regions. Townships served as the territorial basis for new municipalities, but township municipalities are no different from other types such as parish or village municipalities. In the Prairie provinces and parts of British Columbia, a township is a division of the Dominion Land Survey. Townships are 6-by-6-mile squares – about 36 square miles in area; these townships are not political units, but exist only to define parcels of land in a simple way.
Townships are divided into 36 equal 1-by-1-mile square parcels known as sections. In Saskatchewan, a political unit called a rural municipality in general is 3 townships by 3 townships in size, or 18 miles squared – about 324 square miles. Three municipalities in British Columbia, Langley and Spallumcheen, have "township" in their official names, but hold the status of district municipalities. List of townships in Ontario List of townships in Prince Edward Island List of townships in Quebec