Frank Rice (politician)
Frank Rice was an American lawyer and politician. He was born on January 1845, in Seneca, Ontario County, New York, he attended Dr. Taylor's private school at Geneva, New York, Geneva Classical and Union School, Canandaigua Academy, he graduated from Hamilton College in 1868. The following year he began studying law at the firm of Comstock and Bennett in Canandaigua, New York, was admitted to the bar and became a clerk in the surrogate's office in 1870, he was District Attorney of Ontario County from 1875 to 1881. He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1883 and 1884. From 1885 to 1889, he was Judge of the Ontario County Court, he was Secretary of State of New York from 1890 to 1893, elected at the New York state election, 1889 and the New York state election, 1891. He was a delegate to 1892 and 1912 Democratic National Conventions, he died on December 1914, in Canandaigua, New York. Prognosis of election result mentioning earlier defeat of Raines by Rice, in NYT on October 27, 1895 Bios from History of Ontario County, History of Ontario Co.
NY & Its People, at usgennet Sketches of the Democratic candidates, in NYT on October 2, 1889 Obit in NYT on December 6, 1914
Homer Augustus Nelson
Homer Augustus Nelson was an American politician and soldier from the state of New York. He was an officer in the Union Army during the first part of the Civil War and a United States congressman during the latter half of the war. Nelson was born in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he was raised and educated, he was admitted to the bar, commencing practice in Poughkeepsie. He was a judge of Dutchess County, New York from 1855 to 1862. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he became colonel of the 159th New York Volunteer Infantry, he left in 1863 when he took his seat in the 38th United States Congress, but was unsuccessful for reelection in 1864. Following the war, he was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention in 1867 and the same year was elected Secretary of State of New York serving until 1871, he was a member of the New York State Senate in 1882 and 1883. He was interred in Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery. United States Congress. "Homer Augustus Nelson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Homer Augustus Nelson at Find a Grave
Bachelor of Laws
The Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate degree in law originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictions—except the United States and Canada—as the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer. It served this purpose in the U. S. as well, but was phased out in the mid-1960s in favor of the Juris Doctor degree, Canada followed suit. In Canada, Bachelor of Laws was the name of the first degree in common law, but is the name of the first degree in Quebec civil law awarded by a number of Quebec universities. Canadian common-law LL. B. programmes were, in practice, second-entry professional degrees, meaning that the vast majority of those admitted to an LL. B. programme were holders of one or more degrees, or, at a minimum, have completed two years of study in a first-entry, undergraduate degree in another discipline. Bachelor of Laws is the name of the first degree in Scots law and South African law awarded by a number of universities in Scotland and South Africa, respectively.
The first academic degrees were all law degrees in medieval universities, the first law degrees were doctorates. The foundations of the first universities were the glossators of the 11th century, which were schools of law; the first university, that of Bologna, was founded as a school of law by four famous legal scholars in the 12th century who were students of the glossator school in that city. The University of Bologna served as the model for other law schools of the medieval age. While it was common for students of law to visit and study at schools in other countries, such was not the case with England because of the English rejection of Roman law, although the University of Oxford and University of Cambridge did teach canon law until the English Reformation, its importance was always superior to civil law in those institutions. "LL. B." Stands for Legum Baccalaureus in Latin. The "LL." of the abreviation for the degree is from the genitive plural legum. Creating an abbreviation for a plural from Latin, is done by doubling the first letter, It is sometimes erroneously called "Bachelor of Legal Letters" to account for the double "L".
The bachelor's degree originated at the University of Paris, whose system was implemented at Oxford and Cambridge. The "arts" designation of the degree traditionally signifies that the student has undertaken a certain amount of study of the classics. In continental Europe the bachelor's degree was phased out in the 18th or early 19th century but it continued at Oxford and Cambridge; the teaching of law at Oxford University was for philosophical or scholarly purposes and not meant to prepare one to practise law. Professional training for practising common law in England was undertaken at the Inns of Court, but over time the training functions of the Inns lessened and apprenticeships with individual practitioners arose as the prominent medium of preparation. However, because of the lack of standardization of study and of objective standards for appraisal of these apprenticeships, the role of universities became subsequently of importance for the education of lawyers in the English speaking world.
In England in 1292 when Edward I first requested that lawyers be trained, students sat in the courts and observed, but over time the students would hire professionals to lecture them in their residences, which led to the institution of the Inns of Court system. The original method of education at the Inns of Court was a mix of moot court-like practice and lecture, as well as court proceedings observation. By the seventeenth century, the Inns obtained a status as a kind of university akin to the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge, though specialized in purpose. With the frequent absence of parties to suits during the Crusades, the importance of the lawyer role grew tremendously, the demand for lawyers grew. Traditionally Oxford and Cambridge did not see common law as worthy of study, included coursework in law only in the context of canon and civil law and for the purpose of the study of philosophy or history only; the apprenticeship programme for solicitors thus emerged and governed by the same rules as the apprenticeship programmes for the trades.
The training of solicitors by apprenticeship was formally established by an act of parliament in 1729. William Blackstone became the first lecturer in English common law at the University of Oxford in 1753, but the university did not establish the programme for the purpose of professional study, the lectures were philosophical and theoretical in nature. Blackstone insisted that the study of law should be university based, where concentration on foundational principles can be had, instead of concentration on detail and procedure had through apprenticeship and the Inns of Court; the Inns of Court continued but became less effective and admission to the bar still did not require any significant educational activity or examination, therefore in 1846 the Parliament examined the education and training of prospective barristers and found the system to be inferior to the legal education provided in the United States. Therefore, formal schools of law were called for, but not established until in the century, then the bar did not consider a university degree in admission decisions.
When law degrees were required by the English bar and bar associations in other common law countries, the LL. B. became the uniform degree for l
Christopher Morgan (politician)
Christopher Morgan was a U. S. Representative from New York. Born in Aurora, New York, Morgan pursued classical studies and was graduated from Yale College in 1830, he began to study law with an attorney in Aurora, completed his studies with Elijah Miller and William H. Seward in Auburn. Morgan was admitted to the bar, commenced practice in Aurora. Morgan was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congresses, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1842 to the Twenty-eighth Congress. He moved to Auburn in 1843 and practiced law with Seward and Samuel Blatchford as Morgan, Blatchford & Seward from 1844-1847, he was Secretary of State of New York from 1847–1851, Superintendent of the New York public schools from 1848-1852, returned to private practice from 1852-1854. He became a Republican at the party's organization in the mid-1850s, he served as mayor of Auburn in 1860 and 1862, was a Trustee of the State lunatic asylum in Utica, New York. He died in Auburn on April 3, 1877, was interred in Fort Hill Cemetery.
Morgan was nephew of Noyes Barber. United States Congress. "Christopher Morgan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Christopher Morgan at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
John J. Lyons
John J. Lyons was the Secretary of State of the State of New York, he was the Republican district leader in Harlem. He was an alternate delegate to the 1916 Republican National Convention, a delegate to the 1920 Republican National Convention, he was Secretary of State of New York from 1921 to 1922, elected in 1920. He died at the United States Veterans Hospital in the Bronx. Political Graveyard The theft from the Broadway Savings Institution, in NYT on July 14, 1918 List of delegates to RNC, in NYT on March 8, 1920
Manhattan referred to locally as the City, is the most densely populated of the five boroughs of New York City and its economic and administrative center, cultural identifier, historical birthplace. The borough is coextensive with New York County, one of the original counties of the U. S. state of New York. The borough consists of Manhattan Island, bounded by the Hudson and Harlem rivers. S. mainland, physically connected to the Bronx and separated from the rest of Manhattan by the Harlem River. Manhattan Island is divided into three informally bounded components, each aligned with the borough's long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Manhattan has been described as the cultural, financial and entertainment capital of the world, the borough hosts the United Nations Headquarters. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, Manhattan is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization: the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.
Many multinational media conglomerates are based in Manhattan, the borough has been the setting for numerous books and television shows. Manhattan real estate has since become among the most expensive in the world, with the value of Manhattan Island, including real estate, estimated to exceed US$3 trillion in 2013. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan. Manhattan is documented to have been purchased by Dutch colonists from Native Americans in 1626 for 60 guilders, which equals $1038 in current terms; the territory and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York, based in present-day Manhattan, served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790; the Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the Americas by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is a world symbol of the United States and its ideals of liberty and peace.
Manhattan became a borough during the consolidation of New York City in 1898. New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area, is the most densely populated U. S. county. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world, with a census-estimated 2017 population of 1,664,727 living in a land area of 22.83 square miles, or 72,918 residents per square mile, higher than the density of any individual U. S. city. On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile. Manhattan has the third-largest population of New York City's five boroughs, after Brooklyn and Queens, is the smallest borough in terms of land area. Manhattan Island is informally divided into three areas, each aligned with its long axis: Lower and Upper Manhattan. Many districts and landmarks in Manhattan are well known, as New York City received a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017, Manhattan hosts three of the world's 10 most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Grand Central Terminal.
The borough hosts many prominent bridges, such as the Brooklyn Bridge. Chinatown incorporates the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western Hemisphere, the Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, part of the Stonewall National Monument, is considered the birthplace of the modern gay rights movement; the City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government. Numerous colleges and universities are located in Manhattan, including Columbia University, New York University, Cornell Tech, Weill Cornell Medical College, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world; the name Manhattan derives from the Munsee dialect of the Lenape language'manaháhtaan'. The Lenape word has been translated as "the place where we get bows" or "place for gathering the bows". According to a Munsee tradition recorded in the 19th century, the island was named so for a grove of hickory trees at the lower end, considered ideal for the making of bows.
It was first recorded in writing as Manna-hata, in the 1609 logbook of Robert Juet, an officer on Henry Hudson's yacht Halve Maen. A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River. Alternative folk etymologies include "island of many hills", "the island where we all became intoxicated" and "island", as well as a phrase descriptive of the whirlpool at Hell Gate; the area, now Manhattan was long inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – became the first documented European to visit the area that would become New York City, he entered the tidal strait now known as The Narrows and named the land around Upper New York
Allen C. Beach
Allen Carpenter Beach was an American lawyer and politician from New York. He was born on October 9, 1825, in Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York, the son of Rev. Allen R. Beach and Amy Brown Beach, he graduated from Union College in 1848, was admitted to the bar in 1852. His first wife Abby A. Woodruff died in 1856. In 1862, he married Olivia H. Pickering, they had one daughter, Amy. Active in politics as a Democrat, Beach served as chairman of the Jefferson County Democratic Committee, was a delegate to numerous county and state party conventions. Jefferson County was a Republican stronghold, Beach ran unsuccessfully for several offices, including county judge, he was a delegate to the 1876 Democratic National Conventions. As a Democrat, he was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1869 to 1872, elected in 1868 and 1870, he was Secretary of State of New York from 1878 to 1879, elected in 1877 and defeated for re-election in 1879. He died on October 1918, in Rochester, New York. Life Sketches of Executive Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York by H. H. Boone & Theodore P. Cook