Malayalam cinema is the Indian film industry based in the southern state of Kerala, dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Malayalam language. It is known by the sobriquet Mollywood in various print and online media. Malayalam film industry is the fourth biggest film industry in India; the films produced here are known for story-driven realistic plots. Works such as Marana Simhasanam and Vanaprastham were screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1999 Cannes Film Festival. Marana Simhasanam garnered the coveted Caméra d'Or for that year. In 1982, Elippathayam won the Sutherland Trophy at the London Film Festival, Most Original Imaginative Film of 1982 by the British Film Institute. Rajiv Anchal's Guru and Salim Ahamed's Adaminte Makan Abu were Malayalam films sent by India as its official entries for the Best Foreign Language Film category at the Academy Awards. Adoor Gopalakrishnan has won the International Film Critics Prize for his works such as Mukhamukham, Mathilukal, Vidheyan and Nizhalkkuthu.
Other films which achieved global acclaim include Chemmeen, which received a Certificate of Merit at the Chicago International Film Festival, a Gold Medal at the Cannes Film Festival for Best Cinematography. Piravi won at least 31 international honours, including the Caméra d'Or – Mention Spéciale at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, was screened at the Un Certain Regard. Swaham won the Bronze Rosa Camuna at the Bergamo Film Meeting in Italy; the first 3D film produced in India, My Dear Kuttichathan, was made in Malayalam. The first CinemaScope film produced in Malayalam was Thacholi Ambu. During the early 1920s the Malayalam film industry was based in Thiruvananthapuram, although the film industry started to develop and flourish only by the late 1940s; the industry shifted to Chennai, the capital of the South Indian film industry. By the late 1980s, the Malayalam film industry returned and established itself in Kerala with the majority of locations, studios and post-production facilities being located in Kochi and Thiruvananthapuram.
Several media sources describe Kochi as the hub of the film industry. Active Malayalam film production did not take place until the second half of the 20th century: there were only two silent films, three Malayalam-language films before 1947. With support from the Kerala state government production climbed from around 6 a year in the 1950s, to 30 a year in the 1960s, 40 a year in the 1970s, to 127 films in 1980; the first cinema hall in Kerala, with a manually operated film projector, was opened in Thrissur by Jose Kattookkaran in 1907. In 1913, the first permanent theatre in Kerala was established in Thrissur town by Kattookkaran and was called the Jose Electrical Bioscope, now Jos Theatre; the first film made in Malayalam was Vigathakumaran. Production started in 1928, it was released at the Capitol Theatre in Thiruvananthapuram on 23 October 1930, it was produced and directed by J. C. Daniel, a businessman with no prior film experience, credited as the father of Malayalam cinema. Daniel founded The Travancore National Pictures Limited, in Kerala.
A second film, Marthanda Varma, based on a novel by C. V. Raman Pillai, was produced by R. Sundar Raj in 1933. However, after only being shown for four days, the film prints were confiscated due to a legal battle over copyright; the first talkie in Malayalam was Balan, released in 1938. It was directed by songs written by Muthukulam Raghavan Pillai, it was produced by Modern Theatres at Salem in the neighbouring state of Tamil Nadu. Balan was followed by Gnanambika in 1940, directed by S. Notani. Came Prahlada in 1941, directed by K. Subramoniam of Madras and featuring Guru Gopinath and Thankamani Gopinath; until 1947 Malayalam films were made by Tamil producers. Artist P. J. Cherian was the first Malayali producer to venture into this field and the trend changed, he produced Nirmala in 1948 with Joseph Cherian and Baby Joseph his son and daughter-in-law in the lead roles as hero and heroine. He cast many other family members in other roles, breaking the taboo that noble family people do not take up acting.
Thus Nirmala became the first film produced by a Malayali, setting many firsts for introducing play-back singing, cinema with a social theme where the entire family could sit together and watch it. Artist P. J. Cherian was the first cinema producer to explore the possibility of music and songs in cinema, thus became the pioneer to introduce play-back singing in cinema; the lyrics of the film penned by the legendary Malayalam poet G. Sankara Kurup became so popular that song-dance sequences became essential ingredients of Malayalam cinema. Vellinakshatram was the first movie to be made in Kerala and it took shape at the Udaya Studios at Alleppey. Malayalam cinema has always taken its themes from relevant social issues and has been interwoven with material from literature and politics since its inception. One such film, Jeevitha Nouka, was a musical drama. In 1954, the film Neelakuyil captured national interest by winning the President's silver medal, it was scripted by the well-known Malayalam novelist Uroob, directed by P. Bhaskaran and Ramu Kariat.
Newspaper Boy contained elements of Italian neorealism. This film is notable as the product of a group of amateur college filmmakers, it told the story of his family being stricken with extreme poverty. The music took a turn away from the trend of copying Tamil and Hindi
Lal Jose is an Indian film director and producer who works in Malayalam film industry. Lal Jose started his film career as an assistant director to Kamal. Lal Jose worked on a slew of Kamal's films during the 1990s, his directional debut was the film Oru Maravathoor Kanavu. His popular films include Chandranudikkunna Dikhil, Meesa Madhavan, Classmates, Neelathaamara, Diamond Necklace, Ayalum Njanum Thammil and Vikramadithyan. Born in Valapad in Thrissur, Kerala to Jose and Lilly, Lal Jose did his schooling at NSS KPT School and NSS College Ottapalam, he is married to Leena. The couple have two daughters and Catherine. After completing his degree, he left with an aim of getting into movies, he got into the world of cinema by assisting noted director Kamal. He worked with Kamal from Pradheshika Varthakkal to Krishnagudiyil Oru Pranayakalathu, he worked as associate director to prominent filmmakers like Thampy Kannamthanam, Harikumar, Vinayan, K. K. Haridas, Nizar. In 1998, he made his debut as an independent director with Oru Maravathoor Kanavu, which starred Mammootty and was scripted by Sreenivasan.
Producer Siyad Koker asked Lal Jose to direct a film for him. The film Oru Maravathoor Kanavu was a success for him. In 2002 Lal Jose, teaming up with screenwriter Ranjan Pramod, who had earlier scripted Randaam Bhavam, came up with Meesa Madhavan, a milestone in his career along with that of Dileep. Meesa Madhavan was a established Dileep in the industry, but Lal Jose proved his critics wrong in the same year with Chanthupottu. The box-office success of Chanthupottu took Lal Jose's career to new heights. Dileep's performance in this film was appreciated. In 2006, Lal Jose directed Achanurangatha Veedu, a low-budget film, which failed to bring audiences to the movie halls, though it won critical appreciation. In 2006, Jose's film Classmates was released without much publicity, with no big stars, but became the highest-grossing film in Malayalam, until its record was broken by Twenty:20 two years later. In 2007, he did Arabikkatha, with Sreenivasan in a leading role. Arabikkatha was commercially a big hit.
His next movie was Mulla. In 2009, Lal Jose directed Neelathamara, written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair, a remake of the 30-year-old movie with the same name, it was accepted well by the masses. He directed a story with Mammootty as lead in Kerala Cafe in 2010, he directed the hit film Elsamma Enna Aankutty without multistars. In 2011, he became a judge on a reality show on Surya TV called Vivel Active Fair Big Break, where the winner would be the heroine in his next movie. Kerala state film awards2006: Best Popular Film – Classmates 2005: Kerala state film awards for Second Best Film – Achanurangatha Veedu 2012: Best Director- Ayalum Njanum Thammil 2012: Best Popular Film- Ayalum Njanum ThammilSouth Indian International Movie Awards2013: Best Director for Ayalum Njanum Thammil 2013: Nominated—Best Film for Diamond NecklaceAsianet Film Awards2007: Best Director Award for ArabikkathaRamu Karyat Awards2010: Best Director Award for Elsamma Enna AankuttyAsiavision Awards2013 – Asiavision Awards – Artistic Movie – Ayalum Njanum Thammil Meenathil Thalikettu Krishnagudiyil Oru Pranayakalathu Boothakannadi Manasam Azhakiya Ravanan Udyana Palakan Mazhayethum Munpe Maanthrikam Vadhu Doctoranu Bhoomi Geetham Champakulam Thachan Ennodishtam Koodamo Pookkalam Varavayi Ulladakkam Pradeshika Varthakal.
Bhoothakkannadi Meenathil Thalikettu Diamond Necklace Vikramadhithyan Nee-Na Thattathin Marayathu Theevram Diamond Necklace Neram Pullipulikalum Aattinkuttiyum Thira Ezhu Sundara Rathrikal 1983 Homely meals Vikramadithyan KL.10 Pathu Action Hero Biju Jacobinte Swargarajyam Lens Aanandam Veeram Bhoomi Geetham as Journalist Azhakiya Ravanan as Assistant Director Rock & Roll as Himself Best Actor as Himself Ohm Shanthi Oshaana as Jacob Tharakan Oru Muthassi Gadha as Himself Sunday Holiday as David Paul Kammara Sambhavam as Himself Ente Mezhuthiri Athazhangal Ennalum SarathEnnalum Sarath Gypsy 2012:Vivel Big Break as Judge 2018: Nayika Nayakan as Judge 2018: Makkal as Himself 2019: Comedy Stars season 2 as Judge Music composer VidyaSagar has worked on 12 films out of Lal Jose's total 22 feature-length films. Sukumari had acted on 12 films, whereas Salim Kumar in 10 and Biju Menon in 8 and Indrajith, Jagathy Sreekumar and Suraj Venjaramoodu were appeared on 7 films. List of films directed by Lal Jose featuring Vidyasagar Lal Jose on IMDb
Lalu Alex, is an Indian film actor who works in Malayalam cinema. In a career spanning four decades, Lalu Alex has acted over 250 movies and is known for his character roles, comic roles and antagonistic roles in Malayalam movie industry. Lalu Alex started his acting career as a supporting actor in the movie Ee Ganam Marakkumo in 1978 and associated with notable movies in his earlier career including Idi Muzhakkam, Meen and Thrishna directed by IV Sasi, he has acted in three Tamil movies. He started his career in the movie Ee Gaanam Marakkumo in 1978, he was able to work in I. V. Sasi's significant films such as Thrishna and Ahimsa, his appeared in I. V. Sasi's Ee Nadu, playing the role of SP Alexander. After that he acted in villainous character roles in films like I. V. Sasi's Kanamarayath, Alkootathil Thaniye, John Jaffer Janardhanan, Balachandra Menon's Karyam Nissaram, Prasnam Gurutharam. Director Joshiy gave Lalu Alex roles in films like Aa Ratri, Alakadalin Akkare, Minimol Vathikanil, Muhurtham 11.30 and Nair Saab.
He has worked with directors such as K. Madhu in Chathuangam, he worked with Sathyan Anthikkad in Kalikkalam Oral Mathram and Kamal in Manjupole Oru Penkutty and Niram. In the 1990s, Lalu Alex turned to comic roles. Alex's use of comedy, dialogue and performance skill has rendered him as a notable figure in the industry. Lalu Alex and actor Kunchako Boban appear in films together. Lalu Alex was born as the second child among three children to Alex and Lisy at Piravom, Muvattupuzha Taluk, he has Samuel and a younger sister, Susan. Lalu Alex has been married to Betty since 1986, they have three children named Ben Lalu Alex, Sen Lalu Alex and Ciya Lalu Alex. Ben acted in the Malayalam movie Orkut Oru Ormakoot. Sandai Bheema Airport 2004 Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Actor - Manjupoloru Penkutti 2003 - Second best actor - Manjupole oru penkutty 2009 Best Actor in a Villain Role – Evidam Swargamanu 2009 Best Villain — Lalu Alex for Evidam Swargamanu 2010 Kala Ratnam Award of KALA Abu Dhabi 2014 Abhinaya Keerthi Puraskaram for his momentous contribution to the Malayalam film industry by Ernakulam District Pravasi Association Riyadh, Saudi Arabia as part of Metro Fest 2014 http://en.msidb.org/displayProfile.php?category=actors&artist=Lalu%20Alex&limit=182 Lalu Alex on IMDb
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
Aju Varghese is an Indian film actor who appears in Malayalam cinema. He made his debut in 2010 in Malarvadi Arts Club, directed by his mentor and Godfather in cinema Vineeth Sreenivasan, he has starred in more than 90 films. Aju Varghese was born to engineer couples Varghese P. K. and Celiene Susan in Thiruvalla, a major city in Pathanamthitta Dist, Kerala. He has a younger sister Anju. Aju married Augustina on 24 February 2014, they have twins: a girl named Juana and a boy named Evan born on 28 October 2014. They were blessed with another set of twins - Jake and Luke - on 30th Sep 2016. Aju attended Rajagiri High School and Bhavans Adarsha Vidhyalaya, Ernakulam, he did his Bachelor's in Electronics and Communication Engineering from KCG College of Technology, Chennai. He worked in HSBC in Chennai, it was during that time he was called by Vineeth Sreenivasan, his college friend, to play one of the lead roles in his directorial debut Malarvadi Arts Club, in Thattathin Marayathu. In the meantime, he was part of Sevenes by Mayamohini.
Since he has acted in notable films, such as Thattathin Marayathu, Oru Vadakkan Selfie, Kili Poyi, Zachariyayude Garbhinikal, Ohm Shanthi Oshaana, Punyalan Agarbattis, Ormayundo Ee Mukham, Kunjiramayanam, Su.. Su... Sudhi Vathmeekam, Two Countries, Adi Kapyare Kootamani Oppam and Kodathi Samaksham Balan Vakeel | 98|| MADURARAJA||vyshak || Suru |} Love Action Drama 2018:Kasthooriman as himself -EPISODES: 95-96 2019: Karikku as Advocate -Last episode Template:Aju Varghese Aju Varghese on IMDb
Johny Antony is an Indian film director known for his comedy films in Malayalam cinema. He is from Changanassery in Kerala, he worked for about a decade as an associate to directors Thulasidas, Taha and Jose Thomas. Antony made his directorial debut with the slapstick comedy C. I. D. Moosa in 2003. Inspector Garud, with Dileep and Kavya Madhavan in lead roles, followed next. In 2008, he directed Cycle, a movie starring Vineeth Sreenivasan, Vinu Mohan and Sandhya. In 2009, he directed Ee Pattanathil Bhootham, a movie starring Mammootty, Kavya Madhavan, Innocent. In 2012, he directed two films, one being Masters, a movie starring Prithviraj, Pia Bajpai, Ananya, the other being Thappana, a movie starring Mammootty, Murali Gopy, Charmy Kaur
Salim Kumar is an Indian film actor and writer in Malayalam cinema. He won the National Film Award for Best Actor in 2010 for his role in Adaminte Makan Abu, his directorial film Karutha Joothan won the 2017 Kerala State Film Award for Best Story. He has won the Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Actor for Achanurangatha Veedu and a Kerala State Television Award for Best Actor. Salim Kumar was born on 10 October 1969 in North Paravur, as the youngest son of Gangadharan and Kausalya, he once told an interviewer that his father was an atheist and a follower of the veteran social reformer Sahodaran Ayyappan, so named his son Salim Kumar to avoid religious associations. Kumar attended the Govt. Lower Primary School, Chittattukara North Paravur. Boys High School, North Paravur, he wanted to become a singer at a young age but took up mimicry. He graduated with a BA from Maharajas College, Ernakulam where he won the university's Mimicry title thrice, he started his stage career at Cochin Kalabhavan.
He was a performer in Comicola, a comedy program on Asianet. For about four years, he was associated with professional drama in Cochin. Kumar was chosen as host for a comedy programme on a private Malayalam television channel. In 1997, his breakthrough in cinema came with Ishtamanu Nooruvattam, a family drama directed by Sidhik Shameer, he received critical acclaim for his role in the Kamal movie Perumazhakkalam. Though comedic, the role was realistic, allowing him to display different acting skills, his role as the father in Achanurangatha Veedu, directed by Lal Jose, was a major break in his acting career, when he was able to shrug off the usual idiot-fool-illiterate comedic roles for which he seemed destined. The role won him the Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Actor, he was declared the winner of the National Award for Best Actor for his performance in Adaminte Makan Abu in 2010. Kumar appeared in a hip-hop number in the album "Coffee @ MG Road - Palavattam". Kumar ventured into direction, directing documentaries and feature-length dramas that were well received by critics.
His latest directorial effort is Daivame Kaithozham K. Kumarakanam. Kumar lives in North Paravur-Ernakulam District, in a house called "Laughing Villa", he and his wife Sunitha have two sons and Aromal. He is a member of Indian National Congress in Kerala, he has written a memoir called Ishwara Vazhakkillello. He conducts a mimicry troupe, Cochin Stallions, which introduced cine-serial actor Ramesh Pisharody and many other talents. Malayalam films Other languagesAppavin Meesai -Tamil Nedunchaalai -Tamil...... Maattu Sekar Maryan -Tamil... Thomayya Unga - Oriya Mayabazaar -BengaliAs Director2015- Compartment 2017 -Karutha Joothan 2018 -Daivame Kaithozham K. Kumar Akanam Utopiayile Rajavu-Voice for kakka Alamara-Voice for Alamara National Film Awards2010: Best Actor - Adaminte Makan AbuKerala State Film Awards2005: Second Best Actor - Achanurangatha Veedu 2010: Best Actor - Adaminte Makan Abu 2013: Best Comedian - Ayalum Njanum Thammil 2016: Best Story - Karutha JoothanKerala State Television Awards2013: Best Actor - Parethante ParibhavangalFilmfare Awards South2011: Best Actor – Malayalam - Adaminte Makan AbuSouth Indian International Movie Awards2012: Special Jury Award - Adaminte Makan AbuAsianet Film Awards2008: Best Comedy Actor - Annan Thambi 2011: Special Jury Award - Adaminte Makan AbuOther awards 2005: Sathyan Award - Achanurangatha Veedu 2005: Bharathan Award - Achanurangatha Veedu 2010: Jaihind TV Film Award for Best Actor - Adaminte Makan Abu 2010: Amrita-FEFKA Film Award's Special Jury Award - Adaminte Makan Abu 2010: Kerala Film Critics Association Award's Special Jury Award - Adaminte Makan Abu 2011: Prem Nazir Award 2012: Best Actor for Adaminte Makan Abu at Imagine India International Film Festival Salim Kumar on IMDb Salim Kumar Official Website Salim Kumar at MSI Palavattam Hip-Hop single featuring Salim Kumar