The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Pure Energy (Information Society album)
Pure Energy: the best of Information Society is a compilation album by the synthpop band Information Society. It is poorly regarded by band members. "What's on Your Mind" - 4:18 "Peace & Love, Inc." - 5:02 "Empty 3.0" - 8:34 "Closing In 2.0" - 8:13 "On The Outside 2.1" - 6:49 "Walking Away" - 5:01 "What's on Your Mind " - 5:42 "Are'Friends' Electric?" - 4:57 "Going, Gone" - 4:58 "Express Yourself" - 5:01 "Ozar Midrashim 1.1" - 6:54 "Seek 300 2.11" - 4:36 "The Ridge 1.1" - 9:41 This album contains tracks from the albums Don't Be Afraid and InSoc Recombinant, along with different mixes of "Are Friends Electric?" and "What's On Your Mind", a cover version of a Madonna song. The album was produced by Cleopatra Records from archived material without any involvement from the band. Despite being listed in the liner notes as the album's producer, singer Harland did not work on it, did not know of it before it was released. Paul Robb says this is "not an Information Society record" and "an insult to both the band and the fans".
He detested the cover art, calling it "dreadful". Despite refusing to "endorse or un-endorse" it, Harland expressed a strong dislike regarding the cover art, for being poorly done and for depicting him bearing a firearm; the band has referred to it in their MySpace blog as "that horrible Cleopatra abomination". Track-by-track review
A fishery is an entity engaged in raising or harvesting fish, determined by some authority to be a fishery. According to the FAO, a fishery is defined in terms of the "people involved, species or type of fish, area of water or seabed, method of fishing, class of boats, purpose of the activities or a combination of the foregoing features"; the definition includes a combination of fish and fishers in a region, the latter fishing for similar species with similar gear types. A fishery may involve the capture of wild fish or raising fish through fish aquaculture. Directly or indirectly, the livelihood of over 500 million people in developing countries depends on fisheries and aquaculture. Overfishing, including the taking of fish beyond sustainable levels, is reducing fish stocks and employment in many world regions. A report by Prince Charles' International Sustainability Unit, the New York-based Environmental Defence Fund and 50in10 published in July 2014 estimated global fisheries were adding $270 billion a year to global GDP, but by full implementation of sustainable fishing, that figure could rise by as much as $50 billion.
In biology – the term fish is most used to describe any animal with a backbone that has gills throughout life and has limbs, if any, in the shape of fins. Many types of aquatic animals referred to as fish are not fish in this strict sense. In earlier times biologists did not make a distinction—sixteenth century natural historians classified seals, amphibians, crocodiles hippopotamuses, as well as a host of marine invertebrates, as fish. In fisheries – the term fish is used as a collective term, includes mollusks and any aquatic animal, harvested. True fish – The strict biological definition of a fish, above, is sometimes called a true fish. True fish are referred to as finfish or fin fish to distinguish them from other aquatic life harvested in fisheries or aquaculture. Fisheries are harvested for their value, they can be freshwater, wild or farmed. Examples are the salmon fishery of Alaska, the cod fishery off the Lofoten islands, the tuna fishery of the Eastern Pacific, or the shrimp farm fisheries in China.
Capture fisheries can be broadly classified as industrial scale, small-scale or artisanal, recreational. Close to 90 % of the world's fishery catches come from seas, as opposed to inland waters; these marine catches have remained stable since the mid-nineties. Most marine fisheries are based near the coast; this is not only because harvesting from shallow waters is easier than in the open ocean, but because fish are much more abundant near the coastal shelf, due to the abundance of nutrients available there from coastal upwelling and land runoff. However, productive wild fisheries exist in open oceans by seamounts, inland in lakes and rivers. Most fisheries are wild fisheries. Farming can occur in coastal areas, such as with oyster farms, but more occur inland, in lakes, ponds and other enclosures. There are species fisheries worldwide for finfish, mollusks and echinoderms, by extension, aquatic plants such as kelp. However, a small number of species support the majority of the world's fisheries.
Some of these species are herring, anchovy, flounder, squid, salmon, lobster and scallops. All except these last four provided a worldwide catch of well over a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together providing a harvest of over 22 million metric tons in 1999. Many other species are harvested in smaller numbers. Cullis-Suzuki S and Pauly D "Failing the high seas: A global evaluation of regional fisheries management organizations" Marine Policy, 34 pp 1036–1042. FAO: Types of fisheries Hart PJB and Reynolds JD Handbook of fish biology and fisheries Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0-632-05412-1 Fisheries at Curlie FAO Fisheries Department and its SOFIA report The Fishery Resources Monitoring System The International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade Dynamic Changes in Marine Ecosystems: Fishing, Food Webs, Future Options, U. S. National Academy of Sciences UNEP/GEF South China Sea Project and its Fisheries Refugia Portal and National Reports on Fish Stocks and Habitats in the South China Sea World Fisheries Day: Seafood for Thought and World Fisheries from Sea to Table slideshow on the Smithsonian Ocean Portal Hawes, J. W..
"Fisheries". The American Cyclopædia. "Fisheries". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. Fisheries Wiki A detailed online encyclopaedia providing current and quantitative information on marine fisheries worldwide
Apocryphon: Electro Roots 1982–1985
Apocryphon: Electro Roots 1982–1985 is a 2-CD compilation album by the synthpop band Information Society. It includes their early 1980s independent releases, The InSoc EP and Creatures of Influence, in remastered form, as well as rare and live tracks, a 30-page color booklet with photographs of the band in their early days. Disc 1 "Bacchanale" "Fall In Line" "Growing Up With Shiva" "Get Up Away From That Thing" "Can You Live As Fast As Me" "You Are My Hiroshima" "Running" "Creatures of Influence" "Don't Lose Your Mind" "Fall In Line" "Signals" "The Swamp"Disc 2 "Hey Hey Hey" "Hooked On Pablum" "Nothing Sacred" "Nothing Sacred" "The Orthodox Pleasure Song" "XMAS At Our House" "Disco's Not Dead" "Wrongful Death" "Wrongful Death" "I Hate Music" "The INSOC Commercial" "New And Different" "Chant Your Way" "Say It, Say It" "Growing Up With Shiva Information Society web site
Hack is an album by the freestyle synthpop band Information Society. The album did not outsell the band's first album, it is the only major-label-distributed title. The menacing car on the cover is "Vector", Kurt Harland's customized 1973 Plymouth Satellite Sebring; the cassette tape for this album used an unusual naming convention for the sides. Instead of 1 and 2 or A and B, there was the Skipper Side. Riding on the success of its self-titled major-label debut, Harland decided to have the band experiment on this album with a more radical, harsher sound; the other members agreed somewhat, feeling that they should stay on level ground with the pop sensibilities. This is more pronounced on tracks like "Seek 200" and "Hard Currency"; this notion lead to Don't Be Afraid, Harland's solo album. Like the others, this album is thick with samples and loops, including Kraftwerk, James Brown, Nitzer Ebb and Beastie Boys. There are multiple references to the first Star Trek series on various tracks on the album.
On the track "Charlie X", the line "I could make you all go away, any time I want to" is a reference to the episode "Charlie X". On "Come with Me," the following lines are a reference to the episode The Changeling: "What is the meaning?" "Singing, What purpose is singing? I like to sing" "I felt like music" "Seek 200" — 3:06 "How Long" — 4:06 "Think" — 4:42 "Wenn Wellen Schwingen" — 0:24 "A Knife & a Fork" — 3:03 "R. I. P." — 0:20 "Now That I Have You" — 5:04 "Fire Tonight" — 5:39 "Can't Slow Down" — 4:44 "T. V. Addicts" — 0:31 "Hard Currency" — 2:34 "Move Out" — 3:58 "CP Drill KKL" — 0:37 "Mirrorshades" — 5:29 "We Don't Take" — 0:10 "Hack 1" — 3:23 "Charlie X" — 0:11 "If Only" — 4:06 "Come With Me" — 4:23 "Slipping Away" — 3:58 "Here Is Kazmeyer" — 0:15 "Chemistry" — 2:12Note The sub-listings under several main tracks are index 2, while each of the main tracks is index 1; these are listed as the decimal part of the track number on the back cover of the jewel case. For example, "Slipping Away" is 14.1, "Here Is Kazmeyer" is 14.2, though they will play or be ripped as a single track numbered 14.
Adapted from AllMusic Janette Beckman – photography Paul Berry – assistant, assistant engineer James Cassidy – vocals Kim Champagne – art direction Debi Cornish – assistant engineer Kurt Harland – programming, vocals India – backing vocals Information Society – MIDI, programming Kevin Laffey – executive producer, producer Fred Maher – engineer, producer, programming Nocera – backing vocals Lloyd Puckitt – engineer, mixing Paul Robb – mixing, programming Bob Rosa – engineer, mixing Think Tank – MIDI Dana Vlcek – assistant, assistant engineer Kurt Harland comments on Hack
Christopher Anton, alternately styled christopher ANTON, is an American singer-songwriter. Anton is known for being the vocalist of the synthpop band Information Society, as well as the synth rock band Pseudocipher. In 2010, Anton gained popularity as a solo artist with the release of his cover version of the dance single "Fade to Grey". After the success of "Fade to Grey", Anton released his debut album Destination: X. Christopher Anton founded the alternative synth-rock band Pseudocipher in 1998; the band began by recording a collage of electronic synthpop and rock inspired pieces. This origin led the band to having two releases, Pseudocipher in 1998, Fragments of Empathy in 2003. Fragments of Empathy was produced by the French Brothers in Burbank, CA and was released on Gem Tree Records. On FOE, Anton was joined by Natasha Cox of Mankind Is Obsolete; the success of Fragments of Empathy saw the band sharing the stage with acts such as Berlin, Real Life, Daniel Ash and Anything Box. In March 2003, Anton auditioned for and was chosen as lead singer and frontman for Adolfo Valencia's Depeche Mode cover band, 101.
Valencia and Anton were joined by Anton's Pseudocipher bandmate, Siren. In January 2006, Anton auditioned for and was selected as the new lead singer for the synthpop band Information Society. Anton began recording with Paul Robb and James Cassidy in January 2006 with Anton co-writing several tracks alongside Robb; the sessions lasted until the results were twofold. An EP entitled Oscillator and its counterpart, the full-length release Synthesizer were both released in late 2007; the two releases marked the first new music from Information Society in 10 years. Synthesizer is a nod to the band's electro-dance origins with tracks "Burning Bridges", "Back in the Day" and "Baby Just Wants" and reached the top 5 on Germany's DAC album chart. During 2006–2007, Anton performed as frontman for Information Society, which included shows for crowds in numbers up to 20,000 in Oregon, New York, New Jersey, Brazil. In late 2007, Anton recorded and released the international dance track "I’m Lost in You", written and produced by electroclash pioneer Isaac Junkie from Mexico City.
In October 2007, Anton joined Isaac Junkie in a sold out performance at the Club Ultravioleta in Mexico City. In November 2008, Anton released Your Perfect Tragedy. To create the EP, Anton teamed up with producer Nick James, began performing live with Nick James and Donna Jean. In 2010, Anton released, a cover of the 1980 Visage song. Anton's full-length album entitled Destination:X was released on July 20, 2010 through U. S. Synthpop label A Different Drum as a Limited Edition C. D. A remix contest for the track "Lovefix" soon followed. In 2012, Anton announced his newest release Spaceships and Dreamers, an EP jointly produced by Nick James and John von Ahlen of Parralox, it features Donna Jean on vocals, a guest appearance by Houston hip hop artist Drastic Vango. On March 1, 2013 an EP featuring new remixes of the track "In Silence" from Spaceships and Dreamers plus additional B-sides was released. PseudoCipher Pseudocipher Fragments of Empathy Information Society Oscillator Synthesizer Modulator Christopher Anton Your Perfect Tragedy Fade to Grey Destination: X Spaceships And Dreamers In Silence Official website Christopher Anton discography at Discogs
Corvallis is a city in central western Oregon, United States. It is the county seat of Benton County and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County; as of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 54,462. Its population was estimated by the Portland Research Center to be 55,298 in 2013. Corvallis is the location of Oregon State University, a large Hewlett-Packard research campus, Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center. At a longitude of 123° 17' west, the city is the westernmost city in the contiguous 48 states with a population larger than 50,000. In October 1845, Joseph C. Avery arrived in Oregon from the east. Avery took out a land claim at the mouth of Marys River, where it flows into the Willamette River, in June 1846 took up residence there in a log cabin hastily constructed to hold what seemed a lucrative claim. Avery's primitive 1846 dwelling was the first home within the boundaries of today's Corvallis and his land claim included the southern section of the contemporary city.
Avery was joined by other settlers along the banks of the Willamette River, including a 640-acre claim directly to his north taken in September 1846 by William F. Dixon; the discovery of gold in California in 1848 temporarily stalled development of a township, with Avery leaving his Oregon claim to try his hand at mining in the fall of that year. His stay proved to be brief, in January 1849, Avery returned to Oregon with a small stock of provisions with a view to opening a store. During 1849, Avery opened his store at the site, platted the land, surveyed a town site on his land claim, naming the community Marysville; the city was named after early settler Mary Lloyd, but now the name is thought to be derived from French fur trappers' naming of Marys Peak after the Virgin Mary. In the summer of 1851, Joseph Avery and William Dixon each granted back-to-back 40-acre land parcels from their land holdings for the establishment of a county seat. Avery's holding lay to the south and Dixon's to the north, with the Benton County Courthouse marking the approximate line of demarcation between these two land parcels.
In December 1853 the 5th Oregon Territorial Legislature met in Salem, where a petition was presented seeking to change the name of that city to either "Thurston" or "Valena". At the same time, another petition was presented seeking to change the name of Salem to "Corvallis", from the Latin meaning "heart of the valley", while a third resolution was presented to the upper house seeking to change the name of Marysville to Corvallis. A heated debate followed, with the name awarded to Corvallis in an act passed on December 20 of that same year. By way of rationale, the name "Marysville" was argued to duplicate the moniker of a town in California, located on the same stagecoach route and that a name change was thus necessary to avoid confusion. A faction within the divided legislature sought to make Corvallis the capital of the Oregon Territory, in December 1855 the 6th Territorial Legislature convened there before returning to Salem that month — the town which would be selected as the permanent seat of state government.
Corvallis was incorporated as a city on January 29, 1857. Corvallis had a three-year boom beginning in 1889, which began with the establishment of a owned electrical plant by L. L. Hurd. A flurry of publicity and public and private investment followed, including construction of a grand county courthouse and first construction of a new street railway, construction of a new flour mill along the river between Monroe and Jackson Avenues, construction of the Hotel Corvallis, today known as the Julian Hotel. In addition, a carriage factory was launched in the city and the town's streets were improved, while the size of the city was twice enlarged through annexation. Bonds were issued for a city-owned water works, a sewer system, for public ownership of the electric plant. A publicity campaign was launched to attempt to expand the tax base through new construction for new arrivals; this effort proved unsuccessful, in 1892, normalcy returned, with the city saddled with about $150,000 in bonded debt. Corvallis is at an elevation of 235 feet above sea level.
Situated midway in the Willamette Valley, Corvallis is about 46 miles east of Newport and the Oregon Coast, 85 miles south of Portland, 30 miles south of the state capital, Salem, 10 miles southwest of Albany, about 10 miles west of Interstate 5 at its closest point, 48 miles north of Eugene/Springfield. Oregon Route 99W, a secondary north–south route runs through Corvallis. U. S. Route 20 and Oregon Route 34 both secondary East-West routes run through Corvallis from the Oregon Coast. Corvallis is at river mile 131–32 of the Willamette River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.30 square miles, of which 14.13 square miles are land and 0.17 square miles is covered by water. Like the rest of the Willamette Valley, Corvallis falls within the dry-summer temperate climate zone referred to as cool-summer Mediterranean. Temperatures are mild year round, with warm, sunny summers and mild, wet winters with persistently overcast skies. Spring and fall are moist seasons with varied cloudiness, light rain falling for extended periods.
Winter snow is rare, but does fall, amounts can range between a dusting and a few inches that do not persist on the ground for more than a day. The northwest hills will experience more snow. During the midwinter months after ext