James Foster (ironmaster)
James Foster was a prominent Worcestershire ironmaster and senior partner in the important iron company of John Bradley & Co, founded by his elder half-brother but enlarged under his direction. As well as the Stourbridge ironworks, the business owned a number of coal and ironstone mines, furnaces and other works in the Black Country and near Ironbridge; the business continued long after James Foster's death being incorporated as John Bradley Ltd in the early 20th century. In the late 19th century, the company was a member of the Marked Bar Association, whose members were the makers of the highest quality bar iron of the time. Foster was a partner in other companies including the engineering firm Foster and Company, which built the first steam locomotive to run on rails in the USA, he was a banker and landowner as well as being elected Member of Parliament and appointed as Improvement Commissioner for Stourbridge, High Sheriff of Worcestershire. James Foster was the son of Mary Foster, he was born on 9 May 1786 and baptised on 11 May 1786.
The family house, which still exists, was in the Digbeth area of Stourbridge, is now numbered 7 and 8 Lower High Street. Mary's first husband, Gabriel Bradley from Stourbridge, had left her his iron business on his death in 1771. John Bradley, Mary's son by her first husband, founded the company John Bradley & Co. in 1800 taking a lease on land near the canal at Stourbridge with the aim of developing an ironworks. The deed of partnership for the company was drawn up in 1802 which granted a share in the company to Bradley's six half-brothers and sisters. By 1813 only John Bradley and James Foster had shares in the company and on Bradley's death in 1816, James Foster took control of the enterprise, which included the Stourbridge Iron Works. In 1818, Foster leased mines at Wombridge, Shropshire with an agreement to build blast furnaces there within 18 months. Foster formed a subsidiary partnership with John Urpeth Rastrick in Stourbridge which traded as Foster and Company; the company was in existence from 1819 to 1831, at the leading edge of iron technology.
Of these'The Agenoria' worked on the Kingswinford Railway, near Stourbridge and is now in the National Railway Museum, York. The other three were ordered by the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company and exported to the United States. The'Stourbridge Lion' became the first steam locomotive to run on a commercial railway at Honesdale, Pennsylvania, it proved too heavy for the wooden track and after a few trial runs was removed. A few components remain in the Smithsonian Museum, Washington D. C. The'New Foundry' built in 1821, with a magnificent iron roof structure spanning 150 by 50 feet, produced components for the company and continued working as a foundry until early in the 21st century. For many years standing semi-derelict, the building has now been intelligently restored and is in use again as a medical centre for Stourbridge people. Foster formed a partnership with Thomas Jukes Collier, which carried out mining in the Hadley area from around 1820. On 20 February 1821, Foster obtained a patent for "certain improvements in the manufacture of wrought malleable iron".
In 1820s, Foster entered into a partnership with George Jones and John Barker, both of Wolverhampton, to construct the Chillington Ironworks. The three partners patented an improved method of producing malleable iron in 1832, they invented a method of conveying the molten iron produced in a blast furnace into the puddling furnace without the intermediate stage of producing solid pig iron. Foster's first entry into politics was in 1825 when he was appointed an Improvement Commissioner for the town of Stourbridge, he lobbied for a new Improvement Act, passed in 1825, which enabled the Commissioners to construct a market hall for the town. James Foster became a member of parliament, as a Whig, for Bridgnorth, although he took part in debates, High Sheriff of Worcestershire in 1840. In 1828, Foster acquired the Madeley Court estate. Here he commenced mining operations. Foster had blast furnaces constructed nearby. In 1833, Foster acquired a lease of Stourton Castle for £10,000, he subsequently modernised and added to the building, employing the architect Sir Robert Smirke to provide the designs.
In 1834 Foster met with a number of industrialists to found the Stourbridge and Kidderminster Banking Co. James Foster became the Chairman of the bank, an office he held until 1850; the first branch of the bank was sited at Park House just off Stourbridge High Street, Foster's previous home. IN 1844, James Foster was listed as being on the Committee of Management of the company that proposed to build the Oxford and Wolverhampton Railway. A brief profile of Foster in Griffiths' Guide to the Iron Trade of Great Britain, describes him as: "a most able and far seeing man, divested of consequential airs and assumed superiority, endowed in a remarkable degree with common sense, he was a decided Liberal in politics, a good, kind-hearted gentleman". After his death, aged 66, which occurred on 12 April 1853, it was reported that one thousand of his workers paraded after the funeral cortege, he was interred in the family vault at St Mary's, Ol
James Foster (economist)
James Eric Foster is Professor of Economics and International Affairs at the George Washington University, in the Elliott School of International Affairs, researching welfare economics and poverty measurement. He is known for developing the Alkire Foster Method, with fellow GW professor Sabina Alkire, he is a board member for the World Bank. He received his Ph. D. in Economics from Cornell University where he received the Selma Fine Goldsmith Award for his dissertation. He has taught at the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University, along with Vanderbilt University. James Foster and Sabina Alkire developed the Alkire Foster Method for Multidimensional Poverty Measurement, a measurement that allows for a more holistic approach to identifying poverty globally, taking into account dimensions like health or education, in a departure from traditional income methods. Today, dozens of countries have adopted the method in their approach to poverty alleviation and the index is famously used in Bhutan's Gross National Happiness Index.
In August 2015, multidimensional poverty was written into the United Nations Agenda for its Sustainable Development Goals, ratified in September of the same year. His 1984 Econometrica paper, written jointly with Joel Greer and Erik Thorbecke, is one of the most cited papers on poverty; the paper established the Foster-Greer-Thornbecke Index, which has expanded into a family of poverty metrics. The paper was revisited in 2010 by Foster and Thornbecke. Throughout his career, he collaborated with Amartya Sen on economic inequality and Kaushik Basu on literacy. Foster is an affiliate faculty member of the Institute for International Economic Policy serving as Director, he is additionally a Research Fellow at the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative and an advisory board member of the World Bank Commission on Global Poverty. He has been a visiting professor at the London School of Economics, Essex, Oxford and the University of the Americas in Puebla, Mexico, he received the Unilever Fellowship and the Robert Wood Johnson Investigator Award in Health Policy, holds a Doctorate Honoris Causa from Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo.
James Foster is married to fellow economist Irene R. Foster, she is a professor at the George Washington University. Alkire Foster Method Amartya Sen Multidimensional Poverty Index Foster–Greer–Thorbecke indices
2016 Oregon gubernatorial special election
The 2016 Oregon special gubernatorial election took place on November 8, 2016, to elect the Governor of Oregon, concurrently with the 2016 U. S. presidential election, as well as elections for the U. S. Senate and U. S. House of Representatives, various state and local elections; the election determined who would fill the remaining two years of the term of Democratic governor John Kitzhaber, re-elected in 2014 and resigned in February 2015. Incumbent Democratic governor Kate Brown, who as Oregon Secretary of State succeeded to the governorship, ran for election to the office. In primary elections held on May 17, Brown captured the Democratic nomination, the Republicans picked Salem oncologist Bud Pierce. Brown won the election and became the first LGBT person elected to a term as governor in U. S. history. Julian Bell, critical care and pulmonary medicine specialist Kate Brown, incumbent governor Chet Chance, professional driver Kevin M. Forsythe, Walmart employee Steve Johnson, health worker Dave Stauffer, environmental engineer Brad Avakian, State Labor Commissioner Tina Kotek, Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives Ted Wheeler, state treasurer Allen Alley, former chairman of the Oregon Republican Party, nominee for Oregon State Treasurer in 2008 and candidate for governor in 2010 Bruce Cuff, real estate broker and candidate for governor in 2014 Bob Forthan, perennial candidate Bob Niemeyer, engineering company owner and candidate for OR-01 in 2014 Bud Pierce, physician Shane Bemis, Mayor of Gresham Knute Buehler, state representative and nominee for secretary of state in 2012 Sid Leiken, Lane County Commissioner, former mayor of Springfield and candidate for Oregon's 4th congressional district in 2010 Julie Parrish, state representative Dennis Richardson, former state representative and nominee for governor in 2014 Sherrie Sprenger, state representative Monica Wehby, pediatric neurosurgeon and nominee for the U.
S. Senate in 2014 The Independent Party of Oregon qualified as a major party on August 17, 2015. Patrick Barney Cliff Thomason, realtor Betsy Johnson, Democratic state senator Aaron Donald Auer, candidate for governor in 2014 James Foster, candidate for OR-01 in 2014 Complete video of debate, October 13, 2016 Complete video of debate, October 20, 2016 → Indicates an internal poll conducted on behalf of Bud Pierce. Nominees Aaron Donald Auer for Governor Kate Brown for Governor James Foster for Governor Bud Pierce for Governor Cliff Thomason for GovernorPrimary candidates Julian Bell for Governor Steve Johnson for Governor Chet Chance for Governor Allen Alley for Governor Bob Niemeyer for Governor Patrick Barney for Governor