Joseph D. Taylor
Joseph Danner Taylor was a U. S. Representative from Ohio. Joseph D. Taylor was born in Goshen Township, in Belmont County, Ohio. Taylor attended public schools in Belmont County and attended Madison College at Antrim, obtaining a teaching degree. Taylor taught in Fairview High School from 1854 to 1856, became principal in 1857, he sought a new revenue for his talents and was accepted at Cincinnati Law School, now known as the University of Cincinnati College of Law, where he obtained his Juris Doctorate in 1860. He was admitted to the bar in 1859. Taylor was impressed by his time in Guernsey County that he bought property in Cambridge and lived in a simple wood-frame home on Wheeling Avenue, he would construct his elegant Queen Anne Style home in 1878 on Upland Drive and constructed the Berwick Hotel on the site of the house on Wheeling Avenue. In 1860 he in 1861 started the Guernsey Times Newspaper, he would remain owner until 1871. Taylor rose in prominence as he made a name for himself in the courts as well as his newspaper articles.
Leading up to the Civil War, Taylor ran articles denouncing slavery and called for negotiation to eliminate the practice. Joining the Union Army during the Civil War he entered as a captain in the 88th Ohio Infantry. Taylor became a judge advocate from 1863 until 1865. Taylor served as a prosecuting attorney for Guernsey County from 1863 to 1866. Taylor soon turned to the public welfare by entering politics, he served as delegate to the National Union Convention in 1866, joined the Cambridge School Board from 1870 to 1877, served as a delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1876 and 1880. Taylor was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Jonathan T. Updegraff. During his reelection he was voted into the Forty-eighth Congress and served until 1885, when he lost another reelection bid; this setback did not stop him as he campaigned and won his bid to the Fiftieth, Fifty-first, Fifty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1887 until March 3, 1893.
Taylor retired from politics but remained an influential force in the development and growth of Guernsey County and Cambridge in particular. He died in Cambridge, September 19, 1899 and was interred in the South Cemetery. United States Congress. "Joseph D. Taylor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-10-18 Media related to Joseph D. Taylor at Wikimedia Commons Joseph D. Taylor at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
David Adams Hollingsworth was a U. S. Representative from Ohio. Born in Belmont, Hollingsworth moved with his parents to Flushing, Ohio, he attended the public schools. He served in the Union Army in Company B, Twenty-fifth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry from 1861 to 1863, he studied law at Mount Union College, Ohio. He was admitted to the bar in St. Clairsville, Ohio, on September 17, 1867, commenced practice in Flushing, he served as mayor of Flushing in 1867. He continued the practice of law. Hollingsworth was elected prosecuting attorney of Harrison County in 1873 and reelected in 1875, he served as member of the State senate in 1879 and reelected in 1881. He was admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court in 1880, he served as chairman of the Republican State convention in 1882. On April 21, 1883, he resigned as Senator to accept appointment as Ohio Attorney General, he did not run for re-election and served until January 14, 1884. He resumed the practice of law in Cadiz, he was one of the organizers of the Ohio State Bar Association, serving as chairman in 1908.
Hollingsworth was elected as a Republican to the Sixty-first Congress. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1910 to the Sixty-second Congress, he resumed the practice of law in Cadiz. Hollingsworth was elected to the Sixty-fifth Congresses, he declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1918. He resumed the practice of law until his death in Cadiz, December 3, 1929, he was interred in Cadiz Cemetery. He was married April 1875 to Linda McBean of Cadiz, she had two sons and Donald, who died in early childhood. Hollingsworth was a Mason, Knight of Pythias and member of the Grand Army of the Republic. Media related to David Hollingsworth at Wikimedia Commons David Hollingsworth at Find a Grave United States Congress. "David Hollingsworth". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Burtoft, L. Ada Judkins. Biographical sketch of Hon. David A. Hollingsworth, Ohio; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Lowellville is a village in Mahoning County, United States, in the "Steel Valley" area of the northeast part of the state, southeast of Youngstown. The village is an older, predominantly Italian-American, working-class community built along the banks of the Mahoning River, centered on the once productive Sharon Steel works; the population was 1,155 at the 2010 census. It is part of the OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Lowellville is located at 41°2′23″N 80°32′25″W, sits on the Pennsylvania-Ohio border, just west of Mahoningtown and New Castle, Pennsylvania. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.44 square miles, of which 1.36 square miles is land and 0.08 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,155 people, 472 households, 302 families residing in the village; the population density was 849.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 536 housing units at an average density of 394.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.9% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.6% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population. There were 472 households of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.0% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14. The median age in the village was 41.6 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 45.7% male and 54.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,281 people, 520 households, 344 families residing in the village; the population density was 891.4 people per square mile. There were 553 housing units at an average density of 384.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 99.22% White, 0.08% African American, 0.08% Asian, 0.62% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.41% of the population. There were 520 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.15. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, 22.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males. The median income for a household in the village was $29,565, the median income for a family was $38,000. Males had a median income of $34,167 versus $22,188 for females; the per capita income for the village was $14,422. About 5.8% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
Lowellville is served by a local weekly newspaper. Village website Hometown Journal
Robert Walker Tayler
Robert Walker Tayler was a United States Representative from Ohio and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio. Born on November 20, 1852, in Youngstown, Mahoning County, Tayler attended the public schools, received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1872 from Western Reserve College and read law in 1877. Prior to practicing law, he taught in the high school in Lisbon and served as superintendent of schools from 1873 to 1875, he was editor of the Buckeye State in Lisbon from 1875 to 1876. He entered private practice in East Liverpool, Ohio from 1877 to 1880, he was prosecutor for Columbiana County, Ohio from 1880 to 1885. He resumed private practice in Lisbon, Ohio from 1885 to 1890, from 1892 to 1895, he was in private practice in New York City, New York from 1890 to 1892. Tayler was elected as a Republican from Ohio's 18th congressional district to the United States House of Representatives of the 54th United States Congress and to the three succeeding Congresses, serving from March 4, 1895 to March 3, 1903.
He was Chairman of the Committee on Elections No. 1 for the 55th through 57th United States Congresses. He declined to be a candidate in 1902 for renomination, he resumed private practice of law in Youngstown from 1903 to 1905. Tayler was nominated by President Theodore Roosevelt on January 6, 1905, to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio vacated by Judge Francis Joseph Wing, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on January 10, 1905, received his commission the same day. His service terminated on November 25, 1910, due to his death in Cleveland, where he had moved following his appointment to the federal bench, he was interred in Lisbon Cemetery in Lisbon. Tayler was the son of Mayor Robert Walker Tayler Sr. "Robert Walker Tayler". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Robert Walker Tayler at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
Addison S. McClure
Addison Smith McClure was a U. S. Representative from Ohio. Born in Wooster, Ohio, McClure pursued an academic course in Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, he studied law in the office of Martin Welker, was admitted to the bar in 1861, thereafter practicing in Wooster. He entered the Army as a private in April 1861, he was elected captain of Company H, Sixteenth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, in October of the same year. He was captured December 29, 1862, during the Vicksburg Campaign, held as a prisoner of war until he was exchanged in May 1863, he was discharged in August 1864. He served as recorder of Wayne County in 1867, he was appointed postmaster of Wooster in 1867, reappointed in both 1872 and 1876. He served as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1868 and 1876. McClure was elected as a Republican to the Forty-seventh Congress. While he was not reelected in 1882, he was elected to the Fifty-fourth Congress. Again failing to be reelected in 1896, McClure resumed the practice of law.
He died in Wooster, Ohio, on April 17, 1903. He was interred in Wooster Cemetery. McClure married Mary L. Brigham of Vienna Township, Michigan on September 26, 1866, they had one son. United States Congress. "Addison S. McClure". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-02-26 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which had expanded slavery into U. S. territories. The party subscribed to classical liberalism and took ideological stands that were anti-slavery and pro-economic reform. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president in the history of the United States; the Party was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System and Fourth Party System. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt formed the Progressive Party after being rejected by the GOP and ran unsuccessfully as a third-party presidential candidate calling for social reforms. After the 1912 election, many Roosevelt supporters left the Party, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right; the liberal Republican element in the GOP was overwhelmed by a conservative surge begun by Barry Goldwater in 1964 that continued during the Reagan Era in the 1980s. After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with the Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics and the Northeastern states becoming more reliably Democratic.
White voters identified with the Republican Party after the 1960s. Following the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party made opposition to abortion a key plank of its national party platform and grew its support among evangelicals. By 2000, the Republican Party was aligned with Christian conservatism; the Party's core support since the 1990s comes chiefly from the South, the Great Plains, the Mountain States and rural areas in the North. The 21st century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which contrasts with the Democrats' liberal platform and progressive wing; the GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, a strong national defense, gun rights and restrictions on labor unions. The GOP was committed to protectionism and tariffs from its founding until the 1930s when it was based in the industrial Northeast and Midwest, but has grown more supportive of free trade since 1952. In addition to advocating for conservative economic policies, the Republican Party is conservative.
Founded in the Northern states in 1854 by abolitionists, modernizers, ex-Whigs and ex-Free Soilers, the Republican Party became the principal opposition to the dominant Democratic Party and the popular Know Nothing Party. The party grew out of opposition to the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and opened Kansas Territory and Nebraska Territory to slavery and future admission as slave states; the Northern Republicans saw the expansion of slavery as a great evil. The first public meeting of the general anti-Nebraska movement, at which the name Republican was suggested for a new anti-slavery party, was held on March 20, 1854 in a schoolhouse in Ripon, Wisconsin; the name was chosen to pay homage to Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party. The first official party convention was held on July 1854 in Jackson, Michigan. At the 1856 Republican National Convention, the party adopted a national platform emphasizing opposition to the expansion of slavery into U. S. territories. While Republican candidate John C.
Frémont lost the 1856 United States presidential election to James Buchanan, he did win 11 of the 16 northern states. The Republican Party first came to power in the elections of 1860 when it won control of both houses of Congress and its candidate, former congressman Abraham Lincoln, was elected President. In the election of 1864, it united with War Democrats to nominate Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket. Under Republican congressional leadership, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution—which banned slavery in the United States—passed the Senate in 1864 and the House in 1865; the party's success created factionalism within the party in the 1870s. Those who felt that Reconstruction had been accomplished, was continued to promote the large-scale corruption tolerated by President Ulysses S. Grant, ran Horace Greeley for the presidency; the Stalwart faction defended Grant and the spoils system, whereas the Half-Breeds pushed for reform of the civil service. The Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in 1883.
The Republican Party supported hard money, high tariffs to promote economic growth, high wages and high profits, generous pensions for Union veterans, the annexation of Hawaii. The Republicans had strong support from pietistic Protestants, but they resisted demands for Prohibition; as the Northern postwar economy boomed with heavy and light industry, mines, fast-growing cities, prosperous agriculture, the Republicans took credit and promoted policies to sustain the fast growth. The GOP was dominant over the Democrats during the Third Party System. However, by 1890 the Republicans had agreed to the Sherman Antitrust Act and the Interstate Commerce Commission in response to complaints from owners of small businesses and farmers; the high McKinley Tariff of 1890 hurt the party and the Democrats swept to a landslide in the off-year elections defeating McKinley himself. The Democrats elected Grover Cleveland in 1884 and 1892; the election of William McKinley in 1896 was marked by a resurgence of Republican dominance that lasted until 1932.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Pa
Samuel Lahm was a lawyer, U. S. Representative from Ohio, he was the father of Frank Samuel Lahm, a noted expatriate and pioneer balloonist, the grandfather of Brigadier General Frank Purdy Lahm, aerial pioneer, student of the Wright brothers, the first military officer to fly an airplane. He was related by marriage to Daniel Webster; the couple had five children: Marshall, Frank Samuel, Charles Henry, Helen Rebecca. The two eldest sons served in the 115th Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War and died in service within three weeks of each other, by sickness. In 1855 Almira Lahm died and Lahm remarried, to Henrietta Faber of Pittsburgh. Lahm and Henrietta had three daughters. Born in Leitersburg, Maryland, he was of his parents having emigrated from Germany. Lahm completed preparatory studies and taught school, he attended Washington College (now Washington & Jefferson College in Washington, Pennsylvania. He studied law with Oliver H. Smith in Indiana. Lahm was moved to Canton, Ohio to open a practice.
He intended to return to Leitersburg, but stopped in Canton and was pleased with the place. He partnered with Andrew W. Loomis until Loomis left the state in 1841, he served as the master of chancery from 1837 to 1841 and prosecuting attorney of Stark County from 1837 to 1845. He served two terms as a member of the Ohio Senate in 1842, he was selected as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1844 in Maryland. Lahm was appointed as a brigadier general in the state's antebellum militia, commanded the 2nd Brigade, 6th Division of Ohio during the Mexican War, he was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1844 to the Twenty-ninth Congress. However, he was elected as a Democrat to the Thirtieth Congress and served from March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849, he lost election to Ohio's 18th congressional district in 1856. Lahm served as a delegate to the 1860 Democratic National ConventionRetiring from politics, he engaged in agricultural pursuits and sheep raising, he died in Canton on June 16, 1876, was interred in West Lawn Cemetery.
United States Congress. "Samuel Lahm". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Samuel Lahm at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov