Riverside County, California
Riverside County, California is one of fifty-eight counties in the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,189,641, making it the 4th-most populous county in California, the name was derived from the city of Riverside, which is the county seat. Riverside County is included in the Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the county is included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area. There is a concentration of sprawling tract housing communities around Riverside and along the Interstate 10,15. Roughly rectangle-shaped, Riverside County covers 7,208 square miles in Southern California, the county is mostly desert in the central and eastern portions, but has a Mediterranean climate in the western portion. Most of Joshua Tree National Park is located in the county, the resort cities of Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Indian Wells, La Quinta, Rancho Mirage, and Desert Hot Springs are all located in the Coachella Valley region of Riverside County.
Large numbers of Los Angeles area workers have moved to the county in recent years to take advantage of affordable housing. Along with neighboring San Bernardino County, it was one of the fastest growing regions in the prior to the recent changes in the regional economy. In addition, but significant, numbers of people have been moving into Southwest Riverside County from the San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area, the cities of Temecula and Murrieta accounted for 20% of the increase in population of the county between 2000 and 2007. The indigenous peoples of what is now Riverside County are the Luiseño, Cupeño, the Luiseño lived in the Aguanga and Temecula Basins, Elsinore Trough and eastern Santa Ana Mountains and southward into San Diego County. The Cahullia lived to the east and north of the Luiseño in the valleys, Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains. The first European settlement in the county was a Mission San Luis Rey de Francia estancia or farm and grapes were grown here. In 1819, the Mission granted land to Leandro Serrano, mayordomo of San Antonio de Pala Asistencia for the Mission of San Luis Rey for Rancho Temescal, following Mexican independence and the 1833 confiscation of Mission lands, more ranchos were granted.
New Mexican colonists founded the town of La Placita on the east side of the Santa Ana River at the extremity of what is now the city of Riverside in 1843. When the initial 27 California counties were established in 1850 the area known as Riverside County was divided between Los Angeles County and San Diego County. In 1853 the eastern part of Los Angeles County was used to create San Bernardino County, between 1891 and 1893 several proposals, and legislative attempts, were put forth to form new counties in Southern California. These proposals included one for a Pomona County and one for a San Jacinto County, none of the proposals were adopted until a measure to create Riverside County was signed by Governor Henry H. Markham on March 11,1893. The new county was created from parts of San Bernardino County, on May 2,1893, seventy percent of voters approved the formation of Riverside County
Kings Canyon National Park
Kings Canyon National Park is a national park in the southern Sierra Nevada, east of Fresno, California. The park was established in 1940 and covers 461,901 acres and it incorporated General Grant National Park, established in 1890 to protect the General Grant Grove of giant sequoias. The park is north of and contiguous with Sequoia National Park and they were designated the UNESCO Sequoia-Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve in 1976. Humans have inhabited the area for thousands of years, the first Native Americans in the area were Paiute peoples, who moved into the region from their ancestral home east of Mono Lake. The Paiute Nation people used deer and other animals for food. They created trade routes that extended down the slope of the Sierra into the Owens Valley. Kings Canyon had been known to white settlers since the mid-19th century, United States Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes fought to create the Kings Canyon National Park. He hired Ansel Adams to photograph and document this among other parks, the bill combined the General Grant Grove with the backcountry beyond Zumwalt Meadow.
Kings Canyons future was in doubt for nearly fifty years, some wanted to build a dam at the western end of the valley, while others wanted to preserve it as a park. The debate was settled in 1965, when the valley, along with Tehipite Valley, was added to the park, Kings Canyon National Park consists of two sections. The parks Giant Sequoia forests are part of 202,430 acres of old-growth forests shared by Sequoia and this section of the park is mostly mixed conifer forest, and is readily accessible via paved highways. Both the South and Middle Forks of the Kings Rivers have extensive glacial canyons, one portion of the South Fork canyon, known as the Kings Canyon, gives the entire park its name. Kings Canyon, with a depth of 8,200 feet, is one of the deepest canyons in the United States. The canyon was carved by glaciers out of granite, the Kings Canyon, and its developed area, Cedar Grove, is the only portion of the main part of the park that is accessible by motor vehicle. Both the Kings Canyon and its Middle Fork twin, Tehipite Valley, are deeply incised, U-shaped glacial gorges with relatively flat floors and towering granite cliffs thousands of feet high.
In addition, the canyon has several systems, one of which is Boyden Cave. To the east of the canyons are the peaks of the Sierra Crest, which attain an elevation of 14,248 feet NAVD88 at the summit of North Palisade. This is classic high Sierra country, barren ridges and glacially scoured lake-filled basins
UC Riverside Highlanders baseball
The UC Riverside baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball team of the University of California, located in Riverside, United States. The program has been a member of the NCAA Division I Big West Conference since the start of the 2002 season, the programs home venue is the Riverside Sports Complex, located on the universitys campus. Alumnus and former major leaguer Troy Percival was named the head coach ahead of the 2015 season. The program has won two Division II national championships and it has appeared in four Division II College World Series and 12 NCAA Tournaments. It has won eight California Collegiate Athletic Association championships and one Big West Conference championship, as of the start of the 2013 Major League Baseball season,16 former Highlanders have appeared in Major League Baseball. Although the school traces its history to the early 20th century and it adopted the Highlanders nickname in a student election held that year. The varsity baseball program was founded shortly thereafter, beginning play in 1958, little record exists of the programs early years, though it competed as an Independent in the NCAA College Division through the end of the 1970 season.
Don Edwards, who had assisted in the development of the prior to its first season. From 1965–1968, future UC Irvine and UCLA head coach Gary Adams was an assistant coach under Edwards, on September 2,1970, John Lowenstein became the first program alumnus to appear in Major League Baseball, as he debuted for the Cleveland Indians. Lowenstein went on to have a 16-year major league career, while at UC Riverside, Lowenstein had become the first athlete in school history to be awarded an athletic scholarship. Prior to the start of the 1971 season, the joined the College Divisions California Collegiate Athletic Association. It finished well below.500 in its first three seasons in the league, in August 1973, the NCAA reorganized its divisions. Prior to then, the NCAA had competed in two divisions, a large-school University Division and a small-school College Division, following the reorganization, the University Division became Division I, while the College Division split into Division II and Division III.
UC Riverside became a Division II Independent, following the 1973 season, Emporia State coach Jack Smitheran was hired as the programs third head coach. The teams play improved soon after his hiring, in 1975, the Highlanders appeared in their first Division II NCAA Tournament. In the West Regional, the team defeated Chapman, 9-8, before being eliminated by Cal State Northridge, in 1977, the program returned to the NCAA Tournament and won the Division II National Championship. After winning the CCAA with a 15-9 conference record, the team earned a berth in the West Regional, after advancing through the West Regional with wins over Cal State Northridge and Cal State Hayward, the program played in the Division II College World Series. There, it went 5-1, defeating Eckerd 4-1 in the championship game, future major leaguers Steve Lubratich and Eric Show played on the championship team
University of California, Riverside academics
The University of California, Riverside, is organized into three academic colleges, two professional schools, and several interdisciplinary divisions. These units provide 81 majors and 52 minors,48 masters degree programs and it is the only UC campus to offer undergraduate degrees in Creative Writing and Public Policy, and one of only three UCs to offer an undergraduate degree in Business Administration. Additionally, UCRs doctoral program in the field of Dance theory. The most popular majors are Psychology and Business Administration, the Philosophical Gourmet Report ranked UCRs faculty in philosophy 38th in the nation and 40th in the English-speaking world, with the No.1 program in philosophy of action. College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, CNAS dates back to 1907 when the Citrus Experiment Station was founded at the base of Riversides Mt. Rubidoux, in 1958, the College of Agriculture was formed as the first research oriented, degree granting institution at UCR. The most popular majors are Biological Chemistry, Biology and an interdepartmental Biological Sciences program, the most popular majors are Mechanical Engineering, followed by Computer Science.
According to Academic Analytics, BCOE faculty ranked 5th in Environmental Health Engineering in 2006, division of Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Sciences is an interdisciplinary division at UCR which administers a joint medical degree program with UCLA, the Thomas Haider program. The first two years of instruction are given on the UCR campus. Third- and fourth-year clerkships are served at UCLA and its medical centers. Students completing the program receive a bachelor of degree in biomedical sciences from UCR. Up to 24 of each years applicants are chosen to attend school at UCR. A. Gary Anderson Graduate School of Management, The origin of the AGSM can be traced back to 1970 when UC Riverside established the Graduate School of Administration. In 1994, the A. Gary Anderson Foundation gave an endowment to the school. The AGSM currently enrolls 126 graduate students, entrepreneur Magazine and The Princeton Review recently ranked the AGSM 23rd among the top 25 programs in entrepreneurship. Graduate School of Education, UCRs Graduate School of Education enrolls over two hundred graduate students, UCR Extension, UCR Extension offers continuing education programs to approximately 30,000 students from San Bernardino, Riverside and Eastern Los Angeles Counties every year.
An additional 4,000 international students attend classes offered by UCR Extensions International Education Programs in Gangnam, South Korea, the centers are run in partnership with local authorities and offer the same English language training programs as the main campus in Riverside. Students can transfer credits to UCR and are encouraged to continue their studies in California
Redwood National and State Parks
The Redwood National and State Parks are old-growth temperate rainforests located in the United States, along the coast of northern California. Comprising Redwood National Park and Californias Del Norte Coast, Jedediah Smith, and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Parks, the combined RNSP contain 139,000 acres. Located entirely within Del Norte and Humboldt Counties, the four parks, protect 45% of all remaining coast redwood old-growth forests and these trees are the tallest and one of the most massive tree species on Earth. In addition to the forests, the parks preserve other indigenous flora, grassland prairie, cultural resources, portions of rivers and other streams. In 1850, old-growth redwood forest covered more than 2,000,000 acres of the California coast, the northern portion of that area, originally inhabited by Native Americans, attracted many lumbermen and others turned gold miners when a minor gold rush brought them to the region. Failing in efforts to strike it rich in gold, these men turned toward harvesting the giant trees for booming development in San Francisco, after many decades of unrestricted clear-cut logging, serious efforts toward conservation began.
Redwood National Park was created in 1968, by which time nearly 90% of the redwood trees had been logged. The ecosystem of the RNSP preserves a number of threatened species such as the tidewater goby, Chinook salmon, northern spotted owl. Modern day native groups such as the Yurok, Karok and Wiyot all have ties to the region. Archaeological study shows they arrived in the area as far back as 3,000 years ago, an 1852 census determined that the Yurok were the most numerous, with 55 villages and an estimated population of 2,500. They used the abundant redwood, which with its grain was easily split into planks, as a building material for boats, houses. For buildings, the planks would be erected side by side in a trench, with the upper portions bound with leather strapping. Redwood boards were used to form a sloping roof. Previous to Jedediah Smith in 1828, no other explorer of European descent is known to have investigated the inland region away from the immediate coast. The discovery of gold along the Trinity River in 1850 led to a secondary rush in California.
This brought miners into the area and many stayed on at the coast after failing to strike it rich and this quickly led to conflicts wherein native peoples were placed under great strain, if not forcibly removed or massacred. By 1895, only one third of the Yurok in one group of villages remained, by 1919, the miners logged redwoods for building, when this minor gold rush ended, some of them turned again to logging, cutting down the giant redwood trees. Representative John E. Raker, of California, became the first politician to introduce legislation for the creation of a national park
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
National Park Service
It was created on August 25,1916, by Congress through the National Park Service Organic Act and is an agency of the United States Department of the Interior. As of 2014, the NPS employs 21,651 employees who oversee 417 units, the National Park Service celebrated its centennial in 2016. National parks and national monuments in the United States were originally individually managed under the auspices of the Department of the Interior, the movement for an independent agency to oversee these federal lands was spearheaded by business magnate and conservationist Stephen Mather, as well as J. Horace McFarland. With the help of journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather ran a publicity campaign for the Department of the Interior and they wrote numerous articles that praised the scenic and historic qualities of the parks and their possibilities for educational and recreational benefits. This campaign resulted in the creation of a National Park Service, Mather became the first director of the newly formed NPS.
On March 3,1933, President Herbert Hoover signed the Reorganization Act of 1933, the act would allow the President to reorganize the executive branch of the United States government. It wasnt until that summer when the new President, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President Roosevelt agreed and issued two Executive orders to make it happen. In 1951, Conrad Wirth became director of the National Park Service, the demand for parks after the end of the World War II had left the parks overburdened with demands that could not be met. In 1952, with the support of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, he began Mission 66, New parks were added to preserve unique resources and existing park facilities were upgraded and expanded. In 1966, as the Park Service turned 50 years old, emphasis began to turn from just saving great and wonderful scenery, Director George Hartzog began the process with the creation of the National Lakeshores and National Recreation Areas. Since its inception in 1916, the National Park Service has managed each of the United States national parks, Yellowstone National Park was the first national park in the United States.
In 1872, there was no government to manage it. Yosemite National Park began as a park, the land for the park was donated by the federal government to the state of California in 1864 for perpetual conservation. Yosemite was returned to federal ownership, at first, each national park was managed independently, with varying degrees of success. In Yellowstone, the staff was replaced by the U. S. Army in 1886. Due to the irregularities in managing these national treasures, Stephen Mather petitioned the government to improve the situation. In response, Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane challenged him to lobby for creating a new agency, Mather was successful with the ratification of the National Park Service Organic Act in 1916. Later, the agency was given authority over other protected areas, the National Park System includes all properties managed by the National Park Service
University of California, Riverside campus
Nearly half of the total area is devoted to agricultural teaching and research fields, most of which are located west of the freeway. They were designed by Lester H. Hibbard of Los Angeles, built at a cost of $165,000, the architecture of the major buildings followed the Mission Revival style suggesting the Spanish colonial heritage of Southern California. The site eventually opened in 1917, a third building, the North Wing, now known as Chapman Hall, was attached to the CES in 1931. Further major construction ceased on the site until the groundbreaking for the new College of Letters. A group of five buildings in decidedly more Modern styles were completed by 1954 and these buildings were all constructed out of reinforced concrete and brick and designed by different architects paid for by state appropriation. The 38,871 ft library was designed by the firm of Latta & Denny, the 49,794 ft Webber hall was designed by Chambers & Hibbard and cost $1,135,960, partially paid by State Fair and Exposition funds.
The 43,794 ft Geology Building cost $857,800 and was designed by Bennett & Bennett, the 45,830 ft Physical Education building cost $983,000 and was designed by Arthur Froehlic. The 60,257 ft Social Sciences Building, renamed Watkins Hall, was designed by the firm of Clark & Frey and cost $1,051,000. In 1955, UCR purchased the 275 unit Canyon Crest housing complex, previously used by personnel stationed at nearby March Air Force Base, after five years of construction, UCRs first residence hall, the 18,000 ft Aberdeen-Inverness, was completed in 1959. It was designed by the firm of Allison and Rible at a cost of $3,839,000 paid for by Federal loan funds. After the Regents designation of UCR as general campus of UC system in 1958, many new buildings, the Carillon Tower, the only ornamental structure on campus, was built in this period. Past the freeway, over 500 acres of agricultural fields extended northwest to the intersection of Chicago Avenue and Le Conte Drive, boyce Hall, completed in 1974, was the only major addition in the period, although several greenhouses and agricultural support units continued to be built.
However, in the mid-80s, enrollment started to grow significantly and this growth justified considerable further campus expansion over the 1990s. Since 1999, to accommodate a wave of enrollment growth. The Campus Commons, Glen Mor Arroyo Student Housing Apartments, east Campus, comprising approximately 600.8 acres, provides the core cluster of academic buildings and services. Student housing and recreational facilities are provided in its northern and easternmost portion near the Box Spring Mountains, wide grassy pedestrian malls run throughout the campus. In the center of the campus stands the UCR Carillon Bell Tower. It was given as a gift by former UC regent Philip L. Boyd, the dedication of the carillon and tower took place on October 2,1966
The Eaton Collection of Science Fiction and Fantasy, formerly known as the J. It is housed in Special Collections & Archives of the UCR Libraries at the University of California, J. Lloyd Eaton was a pulmonologist specializing in the treatment of tuberculosis. While still in school he collected science fiction and fantasy pulp literature. By the 1940s he communicated with book dealers in London and New York to acquire books, expanding to the detective. Eaton had particular interest in stories of war or lost race from before the 1920s by authors such as John Polidori, Frank Aubrey. When Eatons family sought a home for his collection, science fiction was considered an inferior literary product—pleasant enough as a diversion, as even public libraries did not regularly acquire science fiction, there was no comprehensive collection available anywhere outside of private hands. During Slussers 25-year curatorship, the Eaton collection grew to more than 100,000 volumes, ranging from the 1517 edition of Thomas Mores Utopia to the most recently published titles.
The collection includes first editions of Bram Stokers Dracula, H. G. Wellss The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine, Mary Shelleys Frankenstein, Fantastic Four #1, and Action Comics #1. Foreign works of fiction have been added systematically, including works in Chinese, French, Hebrew, Polish, Romanian, Russian. The collection includes journals, comic books, and fanzines, primarily acquired as donations from collectors Terry Carr, Bruce Pelz, Fred Patten, and Rick Sneary. Some of the extensive texts maintained by the collection were used in the 1970s by Arno Press for reprints of Supernatural and Occult Fiction and Lost Race and Adult Fantasy Fiction. In recent years, videos, DVDs, scripts and storyboards from TV series including Alien Nation and The X-Files, from 1986-1991, one of Slussers students, author Daryl F. From 1988 to 1990, the Collection published three issues of J. Lloyd Eaton Collection Newsletter designed to alert scholars of new acquisitions, in 2014, George Slusser was asked how he assembled the worlds largest SF collection, By silence and cunning, he replied.
And I did have allies in the library, who found funds to buy books, librarians love books, and SF had a lot of them, with interesting covers and formats. As part of its mission, the Eaton Collection hosts the Eaton Science Fiction Conference. It was inaugurated in 1979 as the J. Lloyd Eaton Science Conference, annual for many years, Conference attendees have included writers such as Brian Aldiss, Ray Bradbury, David Brin, Samuel R. The Conference has produced more than twenty volumes of critical essays, after a three-year gap, the conference resumed at UCR with the theme Chronicling Mars, May 16–18,2008. The 2009 conference, Extraordinary Voyages, Jules Verne and Beyond was held April 30 – May 3,2009, the 2011 conference on Global Science Fiction was held February 11–13,2011 at Riversides historic Mission Inn Hotel & Spa