James Thompson Bixby

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James Thompson Bixby
Born (1843-07-30)July 30, 1843
Barre, Massachusetts
Died December 26, 1921(1921-12-26) (aged 78)

James Thompson Bixby (July 30, 1843 – December 26, 1921[1]) was a United States Unitarian minister and writer.


He was born at Barre, Massachusetts, and graduated from Harvard College (1864) and Harvard Divinity School (B.D., 1870).[1] He entered the ministry, and served as a minister for Unitarian churches in Watertown, Massachusetts (1870–74), Belfast, Maine (1875-79), and Meadville, Pennsylvania (1879–83).[2] In Meadville, he was also professor of the philosophy of religion in the Meadville Theological School from 1879 to 1883.[3]

In 1883, he went abroad for study and travel, receiving the degree of Ph.D. at the University of Leipzig in 1885,[3] having also attended the universities at Jena and Heidelberg. He served as a minister in Yonkers, New York (1887-1903).[2] He retired in 1903, and spent his last years in Yonkers.[1]

He lectured on the philosophy of religious at the Lowell Institute, Boston, in 1876 and 1883. He was a member of the Authors' Club and Authors' League of America.[2] He was interested in founding theology on a scientific basis, and his studies of comparative religion also found expression in his writings. In his later life, he wrote on immortality for Bibliotheca Sacra and Biblical World.[1]


  • Similarities of Physical and Religious Knowledge (1876; 2nd ed. under the title Religion and Science as Allies, 1889)
  • James T. Bixby (December 1897). "Babism and the Bab". The New World; A quarterly review of religion, ethics, and theology. 6 (24): 722–750. 
  • The Crisis in Morals; Examination of Rational Ethics in the Light of Modern Science (1891; 2nd ed. under the title, The Ethics of Evolution, 1900)
  • The New World and the New Thought (1902)
  • The Open Secret (1912)
  • What is Bahaism? (1912)


  1. ^ a b c d Francis Albert Christie (1936). "Bixby, James Thompson". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Bixby, James Thompson". Encyclopedia Americana. 
  3. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Bixby, James Thompson". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.