Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous municipality of the U. S. state of Utah. With an estimated population of 190,884 in 2014, the city is the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, which has a population of 1,153,340. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City–Ogden–Provo Combined Statistical Area, a corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a 120-mile segment of the Wasatch Front, comprising a population of 2,423,912, it is one of only two major urban areas in the Great Basin. The world headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City; the city was founded in 1847 by followers of the church, led by Brigham Young, who were seeking to escape persecution that they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneers, as they would come to be known, at first encountered an arid, inhospitable valley that they extensively irrigated and cultivated, thereby establishing the foundation to sustain the area's present population.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on the north-south east-west grid plan developed by early church leaders, with the Salt Lake Temple constructed at the grid's starting point. Due to its proximity to the Great Salt Lake, the city was named Great Salt Lake City. In 1868, the 17th Utah Territorial Legislature dropped the word "Great" from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the church, mining booms, the construction of the first transcontinental railroad brought economic growth, the city was nicknamed the Crossroads of the West, it was traversed by the Lincoln Highway, the first transcontinental highway, in 1913. Two major cross-country freeways, I-15 and I-80, now intersect in the city. Salt Lake City has developed a strong outdoor recreation tourist industry based on skiing, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympics, it is the industrial banking center of the United States. Before settlement by members of the LDS Church, the Shoshone and Paiute had dwelt in the Salt Lake Valley for thousands of years.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. One local Shoshone tribe, the Western Goshute tribe, referred to the Great Salt Lake as Pi'a-pa, meaning "big water", or Ti'tsa-pa, meaning "bad water"; the land was treated by the United States as public domain. The first American explorer in the Salt Lake area was Jim Bridger in 1825, although others had been in Utah earlier, some as far north as the nearby Utah Valley. US Army officer John C. Frémont surveyed the Great Salt Lake and the Salt Lake Valley in 1843 and 1845; the Donner Party, a group of ill-fated pioneers, had traveled through the Great Salt Lake Valley in August 1846. The valley's first permanent settlements date to the arrival of the Latter-day Saints in July 1847, they had traveled beyond the boundaries of the United States into Mexican Territory seeking a secluded area to safely practice their religion away from the violence and the persecution they experienced in the Eastern United States.
Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on." Brigham Young claimed to have seen the area in a vision prior to the wagon train's arrival. They found. Four days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young designated the building site for the Salt Lake Temple; the Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started in 1853, the temple was dedicated on April 6, 1893; the temple serves as its centerpiece. In fact, the southeast corner of Temple Square is the initial point of reference for the Salt Lake meridian, for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley; the pioneers organized a state called State of Deseret, petitioned for its recognition in 1849. The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in 1850 and established the Utah Territory, vastly reducing its size, designated Fillmore as its capital city. Great Salt Lake City replaced Fillmore as the territorial capital in 1856, the name was shortened to Salt Lake City.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. Explorer and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of 1860 to document life in Great Salt Lake City, he was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball. Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in 1857 when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War.
A division of the United States Army, comman
Ratliff Boon was the second Governor of Indiana from September 12 to December 5, 1822, taking office following the resignation of Governor Jonathan Jennings' after his election to Congress. A prominent politician in the state, Boon was instrumental the formation of the state Democratic Party, he supported President Andrew Jackson's policies during his six terms representing Indiana in the United States House of Representatives. Ratliff Boon was born January 18, 1781 in Franklin County, North Carolina, the son of Jesse and Kessiah Boon. At a young age he moved with his parents to Warren County, Kentucky where he attended a public grade school and apprenticed as a gunsmith in Danville, Kentucky. In 1801 he was married to Delilah Anderson, together the couple had seven children. In 1809 he moved to what is now Boon Township of Indiana. Boonville, the county seat, was named in his honor. At the outbreak of the War of 1812, Boon joined the Indiana Territorial militia and rose to the rank of colonel.
Warrick County was organized in 1813 and Boon was appointed by Governor Thomas Posey to the position of County Treasurer. In 1816 he was elected to the first state legislature. During his terms, his primary accomplishment was promoting legislation to divide Warrick County into three separate counties, he was elected to the state senate in December 1818 but resigned after winning the election to become the second Lieutenant Governor in December 1819. Christopher Harrison had resigned his position as lieutenant governor after a scandal, leaving no incumbent. Two other men competed against Boon for the position, but he defeated them in the general election, 7,397 votes to his closest competitors 3,882. In 1820 the legislature passed laws to lower the wolf population. Wolves had been creating havoc on the frontier, they offered a premium reward for wolf pelts, Boon capitalized on the new law and earned more than seven-hundred dollars by killing wolves. His success led to the rapid repeal of the law which became a drain on the state's limited resources.
In 1822 he was re-elected as lieutenant governor on a ticket with William Hendricks. When Governor Jonathan Jennings resigned to take a seat in Congress, Boon succeeded him and became the second governor of the state on September 12, 1822 and served until Hendricks's inauguration on December 5, 1822. Boon's only act of consequence during his short time as governor was to conduct a census of the area purchased by the Treaty of St. Mary's and make recommendations for the creation of counties in the region, his proposal was adopted by the General Assembly, which organized county governments and created three seats in the assembly to provide representation to the subjects of the census. Boon returned to the lieutenant governor's office and remained in that position until January 30, 1824, when he resigned after winning the election to the United States House of Representatives. Boon was elected as a Jacksonian and served in Congress from March 4, 1825 to March 3, 1827, he was unsuccessful in his re-election attempt in 1826, defeated by Thomas H. Blake who ran on an internal improvement platform which Boon's party was opposed to.
During the term he sat out of office, he was instrumental in establishing the Democratic Party in Indiana. Up until that time, there were no formal political parties in the state, all politicians loosely affiliated with the Democratic-Republican Party, he ran again for the office in 1828, won. He served in Congress again from March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1839. While in congress he was chairman of the Committee on Public Lands from 1835 until 1839, he made an unsuccessful run for re-election in 1839, was defeated by Oliver H. Smith; the same year of his defeat, Boon moved to Missouri. In Missouri he rose in prominence and became a fierce opponent of Thomas H. Benton and the pro-slavery faction of the state government. In 1844 he ran for Congress again, hoping to defeat the pro-slavery candidate, but he became ill and withdrew from the race. Boon died shortly after hearing of his party's victory in the election, he died there on November 20, 1844. He is interred in Riverview Cemetery of Louisiana, his son, Baily Hart Boon erected a monument over his grave.
Notes Bibliography Gugin, Linda C.. The Governors of Indiana. Indianapolis, Indiana: Indiana Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87195-196-7. Woollen, William Wesley. Biographical and Historical Sketches of Early Indiana. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 0-405-06896-4. Biography from Indiana State LibraryUnited States Congress. "Ratliff Boon". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Lamar Seeligson Smith is an American politician of the Republican Party who served in the United States House of Representatives for Texas's 21st congressional district for 16 terms. The district included most of the wealthier sections of San Antonio and Austin, as well as some of the Texas Hill Country, he sponsored the Stop Online Piracy Act, the Protecting Children From Internet Pornographers Act. He co-sponsored the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act; as the head of the House Science Committee, Smith has been criticized for his position on climate change and for receiving funding from oil and gas companies. He was a contributor to Breitbart News. In November 2017, Smith announced that he would retire from Congress at the end of his current term, not seek re-election in 2018. Smith attended a private high school called Texas Military Institute, now known as TMI — The Episcopal School of Texas, graduated in 1965, he earned a B. A. in American Studies from Yale University and a J. D. from Southern Methodist University.
In 1969, Smith was hired as a management intern by the Small Business Administration in Washington, D. C, he was a business and financial writer for the Christian Science Monitor, was admitted to the Texas bar in 1975, went into private practice in San Antonio with the firm of Maebius and Duncan, Inc. In 1978, he was elected chairman of the Republican Party of Bexar County. In 1980, Smith was elected to the Texas House of Representatives representing Bexar County, the 57th District, he served on the Fire Ants Select Committee. In 1982, he was elected to the 3rd Precinct of the Bexar County Commissioners Court and served from 1983 to 1986. 1986In 1986, four-term incumbent Republican U. S. Congressman Tom Loeffler of Texas' 21st congressional district decided to retire to run for governor of Texas. Smith led a crowded six-way primary with 31% of the vote and defeated Van Archer in the run-off election 54%–46%, he won the general election with 61% of the vote. 1988–2002During this time period, he never won re-election with less than 72% of the vote.
2004Smith's district was altered in the 2003 Texas redistricting. While he lost most of the Hill Country to the 23rd District, he picked up a significant portion of Austin, including the area around the University of Texas, a traditional bastion of liberalism. Smith won re-election with 62% of the vote, Smith's lowest winning percentage since his initial run in 1986. 2006 In 2006, the Supreme Court of the United States threw out the 23rd District in League of United Latin American Citizens v. Perry on the grounds that it violated the rights of Latino voters; the 23rd is the largest district in the nation, stretching across 800 road miles from El Paso to San Antonio. Due to its size, nearly every district in the El Paso-San Antonio corridor had to be redrawn. Smith regained most of the Hill Country, but kept a large portion of his share of Austin, including the area around the University of Texas. In November 2006 the Texas Legislative Council found that nearly two-thirds of voters in District 21 cast ballots for statewide Republican candidates in 2004.
In the November 2006 open election, Smith faced six candidates. He defeated Democrats John Courage and Gene Kelly 60%–24%–9%; this was Smith's lowest winning percentage of his career. 2008 He only faced one candidate, Libertarian nominee James Arthur Strohm, defeated him with 80% of the vote. 2010 He faced two candidates, Democratic nominee Lainey Melnick and Libertarian nominee James Arthur Strohm, won with 69% of the vote. 2012 Smith faced five challengers in the 2012 general election on November 6, 2012: Candace Duval, John-Henry Liberty, Fidel Castillo, Bill Stout, Carlos Pena. He won the race with 63% of the vote. 2014 Smith won re-nomination to fifteenth House term in the Republican primary held on March 4, 2014. He received 40,262 votes, his runner-up was Matt McCall of San Antonio, with 22,596 votes. Michael J. Smith polled the remaining 3,772 votes. 2016 Smith won re-nomination to a sixteenth term in the House in the Republican primary held on March 1. He received 69,872 votes. Running against him once more was Matt McCall, who drew 33,597 votes.
McCall polled 11,000 more votes than he did in 2014, but his percent went down because of higher turnout. Two other candidates held the remaining 11 percent of the ballots cast. Smith faced the Democrat Tom Wakely of San Antonio in the November 8 general election. Smith won with 57.0%. Smith has supported restrictions on abortion. In 2009, Smith voted to prohibit federally funded abortions. In 2006, Smith voted for the Abortion Pain Bill, which would "ensure that women seeking an abortion are informed regarding the pain experienced by their unborn child", the Child Interstate Abortion Notification Act, which would "prohibit taking minors across State lines in circumvention of laws requiring the involvement of parents in abortion decisions". In 2008, the National Right to Life Committee, an anti-abortion-rights advocacy group, gave Representative Smith a rating of 100 on a point system in which points were assigned for actions in support of legislation they described as pro-life. On April 23, 2006 CNET reported that Smith was introducing a bill that "would expand the DMCA's restrictions on software that can bypass copy protections and grant federal police more wiretapping and enforcement powers".
The move sparked a negative response among technology enth
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Utah House of Representatives
The Utah House of Representatives is the lower house of the Utah State Legislature, the state legislature of the U. S. state of Utah. The House is composed of 75 representatives elected from single member constituent districts; each district contains an average population of 35,000 people. Members of the House are elected to two-year terms without term limits; the House convenes at the Utah State Capitol in Salt Lake City. ↑Representative was appointed into office. Utah State Legislative districts Utah State Senate List of Utah State Legislatures Elections in Utah Utah Republican Party Utah Democratic Party Utah House of Representatives Utah Republican Party Utah Democratic Party Map of Utah House of Representative districts
United States House Committee on Natural Resources
The U. S. House Committee on Natural Resources or Natural Resources Committee is a Congressional committee of the United States House of Representatives. Called the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, the name was changed to the Committee on Natural Resources in 1991; the name was shortened to the Committee on Resources in 1995 by Don Young. Following the Democratic takeover of the House of Representatives in 2006, the name of the committee was changed back to its title used between 1991 and 1995. Fisheries and wildlife, including research, restoration and conservation. Forest reserves and national parks created from the public domain. Forfeiture of land grants and alien ownership, including alien ownership of mineral lands. Geological Survey. International fishing agreements. Interstate compacts relating to apportionment of waters for irrigation purposes. Irrigation and reclamation, including water supply for reclamation projects and easements of public lands for irrigation projects. Native Americans including the care and allotment of Native American lands and general and special measures relating to claims that are paid out of Native American funds.
Insular areas of the United States generally. Military parks and battlefields, national cemeteries administered by the Secretary of the Interior, parks within the District of Columbia, the erection of monuments to the memory of individuals. Mineral land laws and claims and entries thereunder. Mineral resources of public lands. Mining interests generally. Mining schools and experimental stations. Marine affairs, including coastal zone management. Oceanography. Petroleum conservation on public lands and conservation of the radium supply in the United States. Preservation of prehistoric ruins and objects of interest on the public domain. Public lands including entry and grazing thereon. Relations of the United States with Native Americans and Native American tribes. Trans-Alaska Oil Pipeline. Sources: H. Res. 24, H. Res. 25, H. Res. 73, H. Res. 74, H. Res. 125, H. Res. 148 In the 111th Congress, the number of subcommittees was reduced from 5 to 4. The Subcommittees on Insular Affairs and Fisheries and Oceans were merged into the Subcommittee on Insular Affairs and Wildlife.
In the 112th Congress, the number was again increased to 5, adding the Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs. During the committee's official reorganization for the 113th Congress, the Subcommittee on National Parks and Public Lands was renamed the Subcommittee on Public Lands and Environmental RegulationWhen former Chairman Doc Hastings of Washington retired from Congress, Rob Bishop of Utah took over as the committee's new chairman at the beginning of the 114th Congress. Congressman Bishop began the process of hiring new staff and reorganized the committee's structure as his predecessors had done; the chairman eliminated the Fisheries, Wildlife and Insular Affairs subcommittee and split its duties between the renamed Indian and Alaska Native Affairs and Water and Oceans subcommittees. The chairman created a new Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, keeping the total number of subcommittees at fiveThe chairman transferred jurisdiction over the National Environmental Policy Act and the Endangered Species Act from the former Public Lands and Environmental Regulation and established a renamed the Subcommittee on Federal Lands.
List of current United States House of Representatives committees Committee on Natural Resources, U. S. House of Representatives House Natural Resources Committee. Legislation activity and reports, Congress.gov. Historical information of the Committee on Resources and its predecessor committees 1807-2002 54MB
Utah State Legislature
The Utah State Legislature is the state legislature of the U. S. state of Utah. It is a bicameral body, comprising the Utah House of Representatives, with 75 state representatives, the Utah Senate, with 29 state senators. There are no term limits for either chamber; the Legislature convenes at the Utah State Capitol in the state capital of Salt Lake City on the fourth Monday of January for an annual 45-day session. The Utah State Legislature meets in the Utah State Capitol in Salt Lake City; the Republicans have super-majorities in both the House and Senate. They control the House by a margin of 63–12 and the Senate by 23-5-1; the current Senate President is Stuart Adams, the Speaker of the House is Brad Wilson. The state is divided into 29 Senate districts, each representing 77,000 people and the House is divided into 75 House districts, each representing 29,800 people. Senate districts overlap House districts allowing two legislators for each constituency in Utah. Senators are elected to a four-year term, Representatives to a two-year term.
All state House districts and half of all state Senate districts are up for election every two years. To be eligible for the office of a state senator or representative, a person must be a citizen of the United States, be at least 25 years of age, be a qualified voter in the district from which elected, must be a resident of the State of Utah for three years and a resident of the district from which elected for six months. There are no term limitations for either the Utah Senate; the annual General Session is held for 45 calendar days. The General Session must conclude by midnight on the 45th day according to the Utah State Constitution; the Governor may by proclamation convene the Legislature in Special Session, to transact legislative business, but no legislative business can be conducted except that, expressed in the proclamation or other legislative business that the Governor shall call attention to. These special sessions, except in the cases of impeachment, cannot exceed 30 calendar days.
The House may convene for the purpose of impeachment if two-thirds of the members are in favor of convening for that purpose. The Speaker of the House shall determine by poll whether there is a sufficient number of members to convene for an Impeachment Session outside the General Session. If the House impeaches an official, the Senate is required to convene to try that impeachment; the Utah Territory was established by an act of Congress on Monday, September 9, 1850 which provided for a territorial government made up of a territorial governor chosen every four years, a territorial Assembly with a 13-member council chosen every second year and a 26-member House of Representatives chosen annually, a territorial Judiciary made up of a Supreme Court, District Courts, Probate Courts, justices of the peace. The creation of the Territory of Utah was part of the Compromise of 1850 seeking to preserve the political balance of power between the slave and free states. Following the organization of the territory, Brigham Young was inaugurated as its first governor on Sunday, February 9, 1851 and the first territorial assembly met Monday, September 22, 1851.
The legislative body of the Utah Territory continued to act until 1896 with the successful passage of the Utah Constitution and Utah achieving statehood. The first President of the Utah Territorial Senate was Willard Richards and the first Territorial Speaker of the House was William Wines Phelps. In 1870, the length of a Representative's term was extended to two years, in 1896 the Utah Territorial Council became the Utah Senate with a four-year term. Utah first petitioned for statehood starting in 1849, a constitutional convention was called to draft a State Constitution for a proposed State of Deseret on March 8, 1849 to be held in Salt Lake City; the U. S. House of Representatives and Senate rejected the proposed state and followed up the rejection by creating the Territory of Utah, it wasn't for another six years before the Fifth Territorial Legislature passed an act on December 10, 1855 establishing a constitutional convention to make a second attempt at Statehood. This second constitutional convention was held on March 17, 1856 in Salt Lake City and a proposed constitution was created, subsequently rejected by the U.
S. Congress. A third constitutional convention was held on January 20, 1862 in Salt Lake City and a proposed constitution was drafted and subsequently submitted to the U. S. Congress which rejected the petition for statehood; the Twentieth Territorial Legislature on January 31, 1872 would call for a fourth constitutional convention and again petitioned Congress for statehood yet this effort failed and it was not until April and May 1882 that a fifth and final attempt at statehood was made prior to Congress passing the Utah Enabling Act in 1894. The Utah Territory proceeded to hold a constitutional convention on March 4, 1895 which ended on March 6, 1895 and the proposed Constitution was ratified by the voters Tuesday, November 5, 1895; the first election was held on this day and state officials were elected. The First Utah State Legislature convened on January 13, 1896 and proceeded to conduct the business of organizing the state; the current party composition of the Utah Senate is: The current party composition of the Utah House is: The Utah Legislature is a bicameral, partisan body composed of a lower chamber, the Utah House of Representatives with 75 members, upper chamber, the Utah Senate, with 29 members.
State senators serve four-year terms with half the seats in the Utah Senate being up for election every two years and state representatives serve two-year terms with all the seats in the Utah Hou