Santa Clara Valley
The Santa Clara Valley runs south-southeast from the southern end of San Francisco Bay in Northern California in the United States. The northern, urbanized end of the valley is part of a region locally known as the "South Bay" and part of the electronics and technology area known as Silicon Valley. Santa Clara Valley consists of most of Santa Clara County, including its county seat, San Jose, as well as a small portion of San Benito County; the valley, named after the Spanish Mission Santa Clara, was for a time known as the Valley of Heart's Delight for its high concentration of orchards, flowering trees, plants. Until the 1960s it was the largest fruit producing and packing region in the world with 39 canneries. Once agricultural because of its fertile soil, Santa Clara Valley is now urbanized, although its far southern reaches south of Gilroy remain agrarian; the most northern urban areas are considered part of Silicon Valley. As Silicon Valley is not an actual valley, parts of the San Francisco Peninsula farther north are included in the Silicon Valley region as well.
Locally, the urbanized areas of Santa Clara Valley are referred to as part of the South Bay. Few traces of its agricultural past can still be found, but the Santa Clara Valley American Viticultural Area remains a large wine-making region, it was one of the first commercial wine-producing regions in California, utilizing high-quality French varietal vines imported from France. The northern end of the Santa Clara Valley is at the southern tip of the San Francisco Bay, the southern end is in the vicinity of Hollister; the valley is bounded by the Santa Cruz Mountains on the southwest, which separate Santa Clara Valley from the Pacific Ocean, by the Diablo Range on the northeast. The valley is 30 miles long by 15 miles wide, its largest city, by an 86.7% margin, is San Jose. The population of the valley is 1.81 million people along with 865,700 wage and salary jobs. Santa Clara Valley has a Mediterranean semi-arid climate; the earliest inhabitants on the Santa Clara Valley are the Ohlone people, who had eight distinct languages and tribes in the coastal region.
Mission Santa Clara de Asís, which had control over a vast tract of land stretching from Palo Alto to Gilroy, was founded by Franciscans in 1777. San Jose was California's first town and was founded in 1777 by Spain as an agricultural pueblo. There were 66 original settlers. In Spanish and Mexican times the land was devoted to cattle. Following the Mexican–American War San Jose was the Capital of California; the influx of Americans resulted in relocation of many of the native Mexican and Indian people of San Jose to the mission at Santa Clara, under control of Jesuits from 1850. In 1860, as an American town, the population of San Jose was 4,579, with cattle ranching still the main agricultural activity. For a time wheat became the main crop, but in the 1870s fruit became the main crop and processing of fruit by drying or canning the predominant industry; the railroad reached San Jose in 1860. The valley with its scenic beauty, mild climate, thousands of acres of blooming fruit trees was known as "The Valley of Heart's Delight".
Various fruit cooperatives were formed in the area to deals with economic issues, including The California Fruit Union and the Santa Clara County Fruit Exchange. Prunes were a major crop, the valley was producing the majority of prunes in California by 1900 and they were shipped internationally. Water was supplied from an artesian aquifer and when the water table dropped, wells were pumped. Many orchards were small with fruit growing in a dispersed pattern. By the 1920s and 1930s, the agricultural and horticultural industries were doing well in the valley and included 18 canneries, 13 dried-fruit packing houses, 12 fresh-fruit and vegetable shipping firms, they were shipping internationally. Del Monte and Sunsweet are two brands; the need for workers exceeded the local population and in the nineteenth century and Japanese immigrants met that need. Toward the end of the nineteenth century many Italians and other immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe came to the valley and worked in the orchards and canneries.
During the 20th century there were Filipino immigrants and increasing numbers of immigrants from Mexico who during World War II became the dominant agricultural workforce. The town of San Jose was dominated by its business community, in part composed of Irish Catholics, who had a self-contained social life which did not include immigrant labor. There was marked prejudice against Asians Chinese, who left the valley. Deflation and overproduction hurt the orchards and packers of the Santa Clara Valley during the Great Depression. Bankrupt farmers from the Dust Bowl, the Okies, made the trek to California. Desperate to feed their families they joined a workforce, itself impacted by unemployment; the growers, with record low prices and surplus supply, could pay little. Labor organizers and goon squads battled in the labor camps. Woody Guthrie's songs were on the radio and he wrote a regular column in the San Francisco-based The Daily People's World. San Francisco had a strong labor union tradition. During the "March Inland" organizing drive the International Longshore and Warehouse Union backed the Cannery and Agricultural Workers' Industrial Union, a Communist-controlled union headquartered in San Jose, which had considerable success organizing farm and cannery workers in
Dennis Cooper is an American novelist, critic and performance artist. He is best known for the George Miles Cycle, a series of five semi-autobiographical novels published between 1989 and 2000 and described by Tony O'Neill "as intense a dissection of human relationships and obsession that modern literature has attempted." Cooper grew up the son of a wealthy businessman in California. His first forays into literature came early, focusing on imitations of Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine, Marquis de Sade, Charles Baudelaire; as he began his teenage years, he wrote poetry and stories on scandalous and extreme subjects. At the age of fifteen, he began to plan an ambitious novel cycle; this project, which took Cooper nearly twenty years to realize, became known as The George Miles Cycle. Cooper was an outsider and the leader of a group of poets, punks and writers. After high school he attended Pasadena City College and Pitzer College, where he had a poetry teacher, to inspire him to pursue his writing outside of institutions of higher learning.
In 1976 Cooper went to England to become involved in the nascent punk scene. In the same year he began Little Caesar Magazine which included among other things an issue on and dedicated to Arthur Rimbaud. In 1978 with the success of the magazine, Cooper was able to found Little Caesar Press which featured the work of, among others, Brad Gooch, Amy Gerstler, Elaine Equi, Tim Dlugos, Joe Brainard, Eileen Myles. In 1979, Cooper published his first book of poetry and became the director of programming at an alternative poetry space, Beyond Baroque, in Venice, California, he held that position for three years. Cooper's second book of poetry, Tenderness of the Wolves, published in 1982, was nominated for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize. In 1983, Cooper moved to New York City, where he published his first book of fiction, a novella titled Safe, began writing the cycle of five interconnected novels he had been planning since his mid-teens. In 1985 he moved to Amsterdam where he finished writing the first novel in the George Miles Cycle, which won the first Ferro-Grumley Award for gay literature.
While in Amsterdam he wrote articles for different American magazines including Art in America, The Advocate, The Village Voice and others. He returned to New York in 1987 and began writing articles and reviews for Artforum becoming a contributing editor of the magazine, he began working on Frisk. In the next few years Cooper worked on several different art and performance projects including co-curating an exhibit at LACE with Richard Hawkins entitled AGAINST NATURE: A Group Show of Work by Homosexual Men. After moving to Los Angeles from New York in 1990, Cooper collaborated with a number of artists, including composer John Zorn, painter Lari Pittman, sculptors Jason Meadows and Nayland Blake, others. For several years, he was regular writer for the rock music magazine Spin. In 1994, he founded the "Little House on the Bowery" imprint for the independent publisher Akashic Books, which has published works by Travis Jeppesen, Richard Hell, James Greer, Trinie Dalton, Benjamin Weissman, Derek McCormack and others.
He completed his ten years of writing the George Miles Cycle with the novel Period in the year 2000. The cycle has now been translated into 17 foreign languages and is the subject of numerous academic studies, they include two volumes of critical essays devoted to the cycle: Enter at Your Own Risk, edited by Leora Lev, Dennis Cooper: Writing at the Edge, edited by Paul Hegarty and Danny Kennedy. Since he has written three novels: My Loose Thread, God Jr. and The Sluts. Since the summer of 2005, Cooper has spent most of his time in Paris. While there, he has worked on his blog, which Cooper considers his current major artistic project, has collaborated with French theater director Gisèle Vienne, composers Peter Rehberg and Stephen O'Malley, the performer Jonathan Capdevielle on six works for the theater, I Apologize, Un Belle Enfant Blonde, Kindertotenlieder, a stage adaption of his novella Jerk, This Is How You Will Disappear, Last Spring, a Prequel; these theater works have been acclaimed and continue to tour extensively in Europe, the UK, Asia.
While in France, Cooper finished a new book of poetry, The Weaklings, published in a limited edition by Fanzine Press in March 2008, a collection of short fiction titled Ugly Man, Smothered in Hugs: Essays, Interviews and Obituaries. In 2011, Cooper completed The Marbled Swarm, he played a small role in Christophe Honore's feature film Homme au Bain. The year saw the publication of three books by Cooper: The Marbled Swarm, Jerk/Through Their Tears, a book/CD collaboration with Gisèle Vienne and Peter Rehberg, the reissue of his and the artist Keith Mayerson's 1997 graphic novel Horror Hospital Unplugged. Them, a performance art work Cooper created in 1984 with choreographer/director Ishmael Houston-Jones and composer/ musician Chris Cochrane, was restaged successfully in New York and Utrecht. Them won a 2011 Bessie Award for best performance of the year, it will be touring Europe and the United States in 2012. In 2012, Cooper and his frequent theater collaborator Gisèle Vienne co-curated a section of the annual Un Nouveau Festival at the Centre Pompidou in Paris entitled TEENAGE HALLUCINATION, featuring art exhibitions, lectures, live performances, concerts, an in
A Promise (Xiu Xiu album)
A Promise is the second studio album by American experimental band Xiu Xiu, released on February 18, 2003. The track "Sad Pony Guerrilla Girl" is a reworking of a song by Stewart's previous band Ten In The Swear Jar, called just "Sad Girl", which first appeared on their 1999 album My Very Private Map. "Pink City" has its roots in a two-part song from XITSJ's unreleased album Eat Death Orphans!, published in 2003's Accordion Solo! The album includes a stripped-down cover of Tracy Chapman's "Fast Car", of which Stewart said "That song very very directly shaped how I wanted to write lyrics or what I wanted songs to be about... I wanted them to turn out in so far as the song specifically narrates some particular horrible things that happen to somebody and there's no positive resolution in the end at all."Referring to the closing track, "Ian Curtis Wishlist", Stewart explained that "an Ian Curtis wish list is a list of things that you have convinced yourself that you want to have happen, but you know that are never going to happen."
The cover art shows "a nude man kneeling on a bed and holding an upside-down baby doll". The photograph was taken by Xiu Xiu frontman Jamie Stewart, he met the photo's subject, a sex worker, at a gay cruising spot in Hanoi and paid the man to take photos with the baby. The original release was printed with an orange rectangle covering the man's penis, as the distributor told the band that only a tenth of the stores would carry the album without the censor; the rectangle censor was based on Todd Solondz's Storytelling, Stewart was fine with it since "the point of the photo was him and not his dick". The vinyl reissue went uncensored, the label threatened to take their business elsewhere if the manufacturer did not want to print the cover. Brandon Stosuy of Pitchfork wrote. All tracks written by Jamie Stewart, except as noted
Greg Saunier is a musician and composer best known as the drummer of Deerhoof. Rolling Stone included Saunier alongside Brian Chippendale and Zach Hill as together composing "a generation of trailblazing 21st-century avant-rock percussionists". Saunier graduated from the Oberlin Conservatory of Music in 1991; the next year, he joined Nitre Pit, in San Francisco as its drummer. When the band's two guitarists left and Nitre Pit's bassist, Rob Fisk, reformed as an "elastic, hyper-expressive" band to fulfill Nitre Pit's extant scheduled shows, which became Deerhoof when Slim Moon of Kill Rock Stars signed the group in 1995. Saunier has said that he does not own many possessions; as a drummer, he says, things. Saunier uses a minimal drum kit, with a kick drum, snare drum, a cymbal, inspired in part by the kit and play style of Questlove. In 2008, Saunier said that he practices for lack of time; when he writes songs, he considers the drum part last and is more concerned about the components of rest of the song and its technical elements.
His interest and judgement in the latter came from his experience starting Deerhoof without producers, a record label, or much outside help. Outside of Deerhoof, Saunier's bands include Mystical Weapons and a collaboration with Brian Chippendale, about which a documentary, Checking in at 20, was produced, he formed Nervous Cop with drummer Zach Hill and harpist Joanna Newsom, bands with members of Erase Errata and Rainer Maria, soundtracked a film by Martha Colburn, collaborated with Xiu Xiu. Saunier has produced albums including Xiu Xiu's The Air Force and Always, Marc Ribot's Ceramic Dog's Your Turn, Sholi's self-titled album and People Get Ready's Physiques, remixed tracks for Shy Hunters and WOOM, appeared on albums including Zach Hill's Face Tat. In 2016, Saunier collaborated with American Brazilian composer Marcos Balter, in which they wrote songs for Deerhoof and Ensemble Dal Niente. Media related to Greg Saunier at Wikimedia Commons
Experimental rock is a subgenre of rock music which pushes the boundaries of common composition and performance technique or which experiments with the basic elements of the genre. Artists aim to liberate and innovate, with some of the genre's distinguishing characteristics being improvisational performances, avant-garde influences, odd instrumentation, opaque lyrics, unorthodox structures and rhythms, an underlying rejection of commercial aspirations. From its inception, rock music was experimental, but it was not until the late 1960s that rock artists began creating extended and complex compositions through advancements in multitrack recording. In 1967, the genre was as commercially viable as pop music, but by 1970, most of its leading players had incapacitated themselves in some form. In Germany, the krautrock subgenre merged elements of improvisation and psychedelic rock with avant-garde and contemporary classical pieces. In the 1970s, significant musical crossbreeding took place in tandem with the developments of punk and new wave, DIY experimentation, electronic music.
Funk, jazz-rock, fusion rhythms became integrated into experimental rock music. The first wave of 1980s experimental rock groups had few direct precedents for their sound. In the decade, avant-rock pursued a psychedelic aesthetic that differed from the self-consciousness and vigilance of earlier post-punk. During the 1990s, a loose movement known as post-rock became the dominant form of experimental rock; as of the 2010s, the term "experimental rock" has fallen to indiscriminate use, with many modern rock bands being categorized under prefixes such as "post-", "kraut-", "psych-", "noise-". Although experimentation had always existed in rock music, it was not until the late 1960s that new openings were created from the aesthetic intersecting with the social. In 1966, the boundaries between pop music and the avant-garde began to blur as rock albums were conceived and executed as distinct, extended statements. Self-taught rock musicians in the middle and late 1960s drew from the work of composers such as John Cage, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luciano Berio.
Academic Bill Martin writes: "in the case of imitative painters, what came out was always derivative, whereas in the case of rock music, the result could be quite original, because assimilation and imitation are integral parts of the language of rock." Martin says that the advancing technology of multitrack recording and mixing boards were more influential to experimental rock than electronic instruments such as the synthesizer, allowing the Beatles and the Beach Boys to become the first crop of non-classically trained musicians to create extended and complex compositions. Drawing from the influence of George Martin, the Beatles' producer, the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson, music producers after the mid 1960s began to view the recording studio as an instrument used to aid the process of composition; when the Beach Boys' Pet Sounds was released to a four-month chart stay in the British top 10, many British groups responded to the album by making more experimental use of recording studio techniques.
In the late 1960s, groups such as the Mothers of Invention, the Velvet Underground, the Fugs, the Beatles, the Jimi Hendrix Experience began incorporating elements such as avant-garde music, sound collage, poetry in their work. Historian David Simonelli writes that, further to the Beatles' "Tomorrow Never Knows", the band's February 1967 double A-side single, pairing "Strawberry Fields Forever" with "Penny Lane", "establish the Beatles as the most avant-garde composers of the postwar era". Aside from the Beatles, author Doyle Greene identifies Frank Zappa, the Velvet Underground, Plastic Ono Band, Captain Beefheart, Pink Floyd, the Soft Machine and Nico as "pioneers of avant-rock". In addition, The Quietus' Ben Graham described duos the Silver Apples and Suicide as antecedents of avant-rock. In the opinion of Stuart Rosenberg, the first "noteworthy" experimental rock group was the Mothers of Invention led by composer Frank Zappa, who professor Kelly Fisher Lowe claims "set the tone" for experimental rock with the way he incorporated "countertextural aspects... calling attention to the recordedness of the album."
This would be reflected in other contemporary experimental rock LPs, such as the Beach Boys' Pet Sounds and Smile, the Who's The Who Sell Out and Tommy, the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band; the Velvet Underground were a "groundbreaking group in experimental rock", according to Rosenberg, "even further out of step with popular culture than the early recordings of the Mothers of Invention." The band were playing experimental rock in 1965 before other significant countercultural rock scenes had developed, pioneering avant-rock through their integration of minimalist rock and avant-garde ideas. The Beatles' album Sgt. Pepper's inspired a new consideration for experimental rock as commercially viable music. Once the group released their December 1967 film Magical Mystery Tour, author Barry Faulk writes, "pop music and experimental rock were synonymous, the Beatles stood at the apex of a progressive movement in musical capitalism"; as progressive rock developed, experimental rock acquired notoriety alongside art rock.
By 1970, most of the musicians, at the forefront of experimental rock had incapacitated themselves. From on, the ideas and work of British artist and former Roxy Music member Brian Eno—which suggested that ideas from the art world, including those of experimental music and the avant-garde, should be deployed in the context of experimental rock—were a key innovation throughout the decade. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Germany's "krautrock"
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
"Fast Car" is a song written and recorded by American singer Tracy Chapman. It was released on April 1988 as the lead single from her 1988 self-titled debut studio album, her appearance on the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute was the catalyst for the song's becoming a top-ten hit in the United States, peaking at number six on the Billboard Hot 100. In the United Kingdom, it peaked at number four on the UK Singles Chart. "Fast Car" received two Grammy nominations for Record of the Year and Song of the Year, as well as a MTV Video Music Award nomination for Best Female Video in 1989. According to Metro Weekly critic Chris Gerard, "Fast Car" tells a grittily realistic story of a working poor woman trying to escape the cycle of poverty, set to folk rock music; the song's arrangement was described by Orlando Sentinel writer Thom Duffy as "subtle folk-rock", while Billboard magazine's Gary Trust deemed the record a "folk/pop" song. Dave Marsh said it was an "optimistic folk-rock narrative", whose characters are in a homeless shelter.
Rolling Stone ranked the song number 167 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. It is Chapman's only song on the list. Pitchfork placed the song at number 86 on their list of the 200 Best Songs of the 1980s. In April 2011 the track hit the UK top ten at number 4 after Michael Collings performed it on Britain's Got Talent; the single was certified Platinum in the United Kingdom by the British Phonographic Industry in 2014, based on digital downloads and streaming. The song has sold 661,500 copies in the United Kingdom, as of January 2016. In 2015, a tropical house cover of "Fast Car" was released by British record producer Jonas Blue, it features the vocals from British singer Dakota. It is the lead single of Blue’s debut album Blue; the Club Mix was included on Blue's compilation, Jonas Blue: Electronic Nature – The Mix 2017. In an interview with iHeartRadio, Blue stated, "When I was growing up, it was just a varied type of music. My dad schooled me on soul, disco, things like that.
It was varied. And my mum was kind of more pop, ABBA, things like that, Tracy Chapman. So it was a varied sound growing up, lots of different big acts, great songwriters, and influenced me into what I'm doing today." Regarding "Fast Car", Chapman's original 1988 hit is a favorite of Blue's mother's, who would play it in the car. "It was a good song in London that time when I was growing up, so it was always on the radio," he went on to say. "And it just kind of stuck with me. It was that song on the long journeys, I loved it."Regarding Dakota, who provides vocals on the song, Blue said, "I met Dakota with my manager. I had finished the instrumental of'Fast Car', we were looking for a singer, but on this particular night, we went out, we weren't looking for the singer. We just went to this pub for a beer, this pub is kind of renowned for its new acts and unsigned artists and things like that. So, we're upstairs having a beer and all of a sudden we hear this voice from the basement downstairs of this pub, I said,'We've got to go down and check whoever, up.'
We went downstairs and Dakota was there, we never met her before. At the end of the show, went up to her and said,'I've done this cover of'Fast Car' and I think you'd be great on it.' And she,'Oh, I've never done dance music before or anything like that so, I'm not kind of sure.' And I was like,'Listen, you'd be great.' And she came the next day to record it, what you hear on the radio is her coming in the next day after her show to record it." Blue admitted that he wanted to create a Swedish-esque sound on the record: "I think with things like the synth lead lines in it, giving it that second hook, I was kind of going for a kind of Swedish-y kind of sound. That's kind of the influence behind that kind of lead synth line, and, something which I don't think people have picked up on yet, but they just like the song because of what it is." The Jonas Blue version peaked at number two on the UK Singles Chart, behind Zayn Malik's "Pillowtalk". Its UK peak meant it charted higher than Chapman's original, which peaked at number five on the chart in May 1988 and a position higher upon a re-release in April 2011.
Outside the United Kingdom, the Jonas Blue version reached number one in Australia. And Hungary, whilst peaking within the top ten in Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand and Sweden. In the United States, the Jonas Blue version went to number one on the Dance Club Songs chart. In 2016, another tropical house version was released by Swedish record producer Tobtok, featuring the vocals from British singer River. Tobtok released an accompanying music video; the Tobtok version charted in a number of charts, notably Australia, where it received significant airplay and reached number 19 on the charts. The Tobtok version charted in the Norwegian VG-lista, Irish IRMA and Danish Tracklisten official charts. Track listing "Fast Car" – 3:27 "Fast Car" – 2:57 The song has been covered many times including by The Flying Pickets, Hundred Reasons, Xiu Xiu, Vertical Horizon, Darwin's Waiting Room, Amazing Transparent Man, MYMP, Mutya Buena, Kristian Leontiou, Wayne Wonder, David Usher, Linda Pritchard, Boyce Avenue, Christian Kane, Mark Wilkinson, Elizabeth Gillies, Hitomi Yaida, Ryan Montbleau and Jess Moskaluke.
In 2010, Kelly Clarkson and Daughtry performed a duet of the song in concert. It was sampled by the rap group Nice & Smooth in their hit song "Sometimes I Rhyme Slow", making it a hit within the hip-ho