Jan (comic book writer)
Jan is the pseudonym of Juan López Fernández, Spanish comic book writer and artist, most famous for his creation Superlópez. He was born in the province of León. Deaf from the age of six, his parents encouraged him to draw and in 1956, he began to work in a studio in order to learn animation, he emigrated to Cuba in 1959 where he worked in Televisión Cubana and the Instituto Cubano de Arte e Industria Cinematográficos. He collaborated on some periodicals for children at this time, on comic books and newspaper supplements. Jan returned to Spain in 1969, worked in the now defunct publishing house Editorial Bruguera until 1985 where he helped illustrate the work of other comic book artists. In 1973, Jan created Superlópez, a parodized version of Superman, it was a series that began as a single page and expanded into full albums, with adventures involving supervillains and criminal organizations. It dealt with issues affecting contemporary Spain, namely the illegal drug trade, the transition to democracy post General Franco, etc..
The stories had been written by Efepé, but Jan took over this duty as well. In 1982, Jan worked on the periodical Pulgarcito for Editorial Bruguera, stopped work on Superlópez in order to do so. However, he decided to abandon this in order to devote himself to his creation. Jan's eldest son ended up doing some work on Pulgarcito, but eventually abandoned this task. In 2014, some of the Pulgarcito books was released again in a new book format; when Editorial Bruguera was shut down in 1985, together with many other comic book writers, had to do work for other editorial companies. Jan published his first erotic comic'Laszivia' in Norma Editorial, created characters such as'Cab Halloloco' and'Los ultimos de Villapiñas' for the Jauja comic magazine; the character'Superioribus', drawn for the editorial Forum, is a superhero parody. In 1987, Ediciones B began publishing a Superlopez magazine. In this way Jan can continue working on this character till now, with a few other contributions from time to time to other magazines, such as the characters Pum Tarrota or Super Tron.
In May 2002, he received the Grand Prize of the Barcelona International Comics Convention that acknowledged his contributions. In 2013 he rejected it in coherence with his beliefs. Official Website Cachis la Mar
Electronic color code
An electronic color code is used to indicate the values or ratings of electronic components for resistors, but for capacitors, inductors and others. A separate code, the 25-pair color code, is used to identify wires in some telecommunications cables. Different codes are used for wire leads in building wiring; the electronic color code was developed in the early 1920s by the Radio Manufacturers Association the Radio Electronics Television Manufacturers' Association, now part of the Electronic Industries Alliance Therefore, the code was known as RMA, RTMA, RETMA or EIA color code. In 1952, it was standardized in IEC 62:1952 by the International Electrotechnical Commission and since 1963 published as EIA RS-279. Only meant to be used for fixed resistors, the color code was extended to cover capacitors with IEC 62:1968; the code was adopted by many national standards like DIN 40825, BS 1852 and IS 8186. The current international standard defining marking codes for resistors and capacitors is IEC 60062:2016 and EN 60062:2016.
In addition to the color code, these standards define a letter and digit code for resistors and capacitors. Color bands were used because they were and cheaply printed on tiny components. However, there were drawbacks for color blind people. Overheating of a component or dirt accumulation may make it impossible to distinguish brown from red or orange. Advances in printing technology have now made printed numbers more practical on small components; the values of components in surface mount packages are marked with printed alphanumeric codes instead of a color code. To distinguish left from right there is a gap between the D bands. In the above example, a resistor with bands of red, violet and brown has first digit 2, second digit 7, followed by 5 zeroes: 2700000 ohms. Gold signifies that the tolerance is ±5%. Resistors manufactured for military use may include a fifth band which indicates component failure rate. Tight tolerance resistors may have three bands for significant figures rather than two, or an additional band indicating temperature coefficient, in units of ppm/K.
All coded components have a multiplier. The standard color code per IEC 60062:2016 is as follows: Resistors use various E-series of preferred numbers for their specific values, which are determined by their tolerance; these values repeat for every decade of magnitude:... 0.68, 6.8, 68, 680... For resistors of 20% tolerance the E6 series, with six values: 10, 15, 22, 33, 47, 68 100, 150... is used. For 10% tolerance resistors the E12 series, with 12√10 as multiplier, is used; the separation between the values is related to the tolerance so that adjacent values at the extremes of tolerance just overlap. Zero ohm resistors, marked with a single black band, are lengths of wire wrapped in a resistor-like body which can be mounted on a printed-circuit board by automatic component-insertion equipment, they are used on PCBs as insulating "bridges" where two traces would otherwise cross, or as soldered-in jumper wires for setting configurations. The "body-end-dot" or "body-tip-spot" system was used for cylindrical composition resistors sometimes still found in old equipment.
The other end of the resistor was in silver, or gold for 20 %, 10 %, 5 % tolerance. Capacitors may be marked with dots; the colors encode the first and second most significant digits of the value in picofarads, the third color the decimal multiplier. Additional bands have meanings. Low-tolerance capacitors may begin with the first 3 digits of the value, it is but not always, possible to work out what scheme is used by the particular colors used. Cylindrical capacitors marked. Extra bands on ceramic capacitors identify the voltage rating class and temperature coefficient characteristics. A broad black band was applied to some tubular paper capacitors to indicate the end that had the outer electrode. Polyester film and "gum drop" tantalum electrolytic capacitors may be color-coded to give the value, working voltage and tolerance. Standards IEC 60062 / EN 60062 do not define a color code for inductors, but various manufacturers of physically small inductors utilize the resistor color code for this purpose encoding inductance in microhenries.
A white tolerance ring may indicate custom specifications. The part number for small JEDEC "1N"-coded diodes—in the form "1N4148"—is sometimes encoded as three or four rings in the standard color code, omitting the "1N" prefix; the 1N4148 would be coded as yellow, yellow, grey. Capacitors of the rectangular "postage stamp" form made for military use during World War II used American War Standard or Joint Army Navy coding in six dots stamped on the capacitor. An arrow on the top row of dots pointed to the right. From left to right the top dots were: either black, indicating JAN mica, or silver
Journal of Advanced Nursing
The Journal of Advanced Nursing is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of nursing. It is published by John Wiley & Sons and was established in 1976 with James P. Smith as founding editor-in-chief. Subsequent editors-in-chief were Alison J. Tierney; the current editor-in-chief is Roger Watson. The journal is abstracted and indexed in: According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2017 impact factor of 2.267. Official website
Al-Nusra Front or Jabhat al-Nusra, known as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham after July 2016, described as al-Qaeda in Syria or al-Qaeda in the Levant, was a Salafist jihadist organization fighting against Syrian government forces in the Syrian Civil War. Its aim was to establish an Islamic state in the country. Formed in 2012, in November of that year The Washington Post described al-Nusra as "the most aggressive and successful" of the rebel forces. In December 2012, the United States Department of State designated it a foreign terrorist organization, in November 2013, it became the official Syrian branch of al-Qaeda. In March 2015, the group joined with other jihadist groups to form the Army of Conquest. In July 2016, al-Nusra formally re-branded as Jabhat Fatah al-Sham. On 28 January 2017, following violent clashes with Ahrar al-Sham and other rebel groups, Jabhat Fatah al-Sham merged with four other groups to become Hayat Tahrir al-Sham. From 2012 to 2013, the al-Nusra Front's full name was the "Victory Front for the People of the Levant by the Mujahideen of the Levant on the Fields of Jihad".
The al-Nusra Front was made up of Syrian jihadists. Its goals were to overthrow Bashar al-Assad's government in Syria and to create an Islamic emirate under sharia law, with an emphasis from an early stage on focusing on the "near enemy" of the Syrian regime rather than on global jihad. Syrian members of the group claimed that they are fighting only the Assad regime and would not attack Western states. In early 2014, Sami al-Oraydi, a top sharia official in the group, acknowledged that it is influenced by the teachings of al-Qaeda member Abu Musab al-Suri; the strategies derived from Abu Musab's guidelines included providing services to people, avoiding being seen as extremists, maintaining strong relationships with local communities and other fighting groups, putting the focus on fighting the government. The tactics of al-Nusra Front differed markedly from those of rival jihadist group ISIL. Analysts have noted. In early 2015, al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri instructed al-Nusra Front leader Julani to pursue the following five goals: Better integrate his movement within the Syrian revolution and its people Coordinate more with all Islamic groups on the ground Contribute towards the establishment of a Syria-wide sharia judicial court system Use strategic areas of the country to build a sustainable al-Qaeda power base Cease any activity linked to attacking the WestBoth al-Qaeda and al-Nusra tried to take advantage of ISIL's rise by presenting themselves as "moderate" in comparison.
While they had the same aim of establishing sharia and a caliphate, they intended to implement it in a more gradual manner. Al-Nusra criticized the way ISIL alienated people by precipitously instituting sharia, preferring the more gradual approach favored by al-Qaeda of preparing society through indoctrination and education before implementing the hudud aspects of sharia, they criticised ISIL's enthusiasm for punishments such as executing gay people, chopping limbs off, public stoning. However, Al-Qaeda agrees; the main criticism of defectors from ISIL is that the group is killing and fighting other Sunni Muslims, that they are unhappy that other Sunnis like Jabhat al-Nusra are being attacked by ISIL. A video called The Heirs of Glory was issued by al-Nusra in 2015, which included old audio by Osama bin Laden; the video glorified the Islamists Sayyid Qutb and Abdullah Azzam. Its magazine, Al Risalah, was first issued in July 2015. In 2015 Al-Qaeda leader al-Zawahiri urged ISIL fighters to unite with all other jihadists against their enemies and stop the infighting.
The Nusra Front praised the November 2015 Paris attacks, saying that though they view ISIL as "dogs of hellfire", they applaud when "infidels" get attacked by ISIL. In an Amnesty International report in July 2016, the al-Nusra Front was accused of torture, child abduction, summary execution. In December 2014, al-Nusra Front fighters shot dead a woman execution-style on accusations of adultery, they have stoned to death women accused of extramarital relations. Overall, they have "applied a strict interpretation of Shari'a and imposed punishments amounting to torture or other ill-treatment for perceived infractions." Members of the group were accused of attacking the religious beliefs of non-Sunnis in Syria, including the Alawis. New York Times journalist C. J. Chivers cites "some analysts and diplomats" as noting that al-Nusra Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant "can appear less focused on toppling" the Assad government than on "establishing a zone of influence spanning Iraq's Anbar Province and the desert eastern areas of Syria
Amos Yee Pang Sang is a Singaporean blogger, former YouTube personality and former child actor. In late March 2015, shortly after the death of the first Prime Minister of Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew, Yee uploaded a video on YouTube criticizing Lee. In the video, Yee compared Lee to Jesus, cast both in an unfavorable light. Yee uploaded to his blog an image depicting Lee and Margaret Thatcher engaged in anal sex. Yee was arrested in Singapore and charged with "intention of wounding the religious feelings of Christians", "threatening, abusive or insulting communication." Yee's trial drew significant public interest and the court found Yee guilty in May 2015, sentencing him to four weeks in jail. However, his sentencing was backdated to include 53 days served in remand, freeing Yee following the trial. Yee appealed against both sentence. Yee's imprisonment drew criticism from human rights organisations, including Amnesty International, which considered Yee to be a prisoner of conscience. In December 2016, Yee fled to Illinois in the United States to seek political asylum.
S. government appealed, causing Yee to be held in detention by Immigration and Customs Enforcement during the appeal process. Following an immigration appeals court's decision to uphold his bid for asylum, Yee was released in September 2017. Yee once again gained notoriety in November 2017 for his videos and blog posts expressing his support for pedophilia. In May 2018, Yee's channel was removed by YouTube for violating community guidelines and Twitter suspended his account. In July 2018, Yee's Patreon account was shut down; as of December 2018, Yee's WordPress blog, personal Facebook page, pro-pedophile Discord server entitled the "Ball Pit" were shut down. Amos Yee was born on 31 October 1998, in Singapore, the only child of Alphonsus Yee, a computer engineer, Mary Toh Ai Buay, a mathematics teacher. Yee was raised in Singapore as part of an ethnically Chinese family. Yee studied at Pei Chun Public School, where he took the Primary School Leaving Examination, obtained a score of 244, with A* for Mathematics and Science, A for English and Chinese.
He attended Zhonghua Secondary School, where he completed the O Levels and decided not to continue with post-secondary school education, despite "good results" as described by Today. In 2015, The Straits Times described him as "a school leaver who blogged that he intended to pursue a career in film and YouTube videos". Yee, raised Catholic, began attending Mass independent of his family in secondary one, considered himself a practicing Catholic until mid-2013. In 2013, Yee is reported to have been "kicked out" from service as an altar boy after swearing during a meeting. Yee describes having been asked to leave the Church after he told a priest about his reservations about Confirmation, although this account is disputed by the Catholic Church in Singapore. Yee questioned the implications of Confirmation and began researching Catholicism and Christianity in general by watching YouTube videos and reading blogs on atheism. Yee is a Grandmaster of taekwondo, has been using social media from the age of eight, identifies as an atheist and feminist.
In March 2011, Yee won awards for Best Short Film and Best Actor at The New Paper's First Film Fest for his film Jan. The New Paper described Yee as having taken on four different acting roles in his "self-written, self-directed film", described as a "twisted dark comedy" in which a boy tries to persuade his three friends to help a cancer-stricken girl. Yee, thirteen at the time, was described as having made the film "in his bedroom"; the FFF awarded Yee a video video editing software. Following the success of Jan, FFF chief judge Jack Neo offered an internship to Yee, additionally invited Yee to audition for Neo's film, We Not Naughty, a film about juvenile delinquency. Neo cast Yee in a minor acting role after Yee improvised and improved the language in a script given to him. Yee played a "smart younger brother" to a lead actor's character, was allowed by Neo to write his own dialogue. Neo said that while Yee only had three scenes in the movie, they were "crucial," and praised Yee as a "natural comedian" with a passion for film-making.
Neo defended Yee against accusations of arrogance, saying "just because acts arrogant doesn't mean he is... He is an actor, he's playing a role" but suggested that Yee needed to learn humility. In January 2012, Yee was criticized by netizens for uploading a video to YouTube which – according to My Paper – "called the Chinese New Year a rip-off of the Western New Year's Day". Garnering over 150,000 views, Yee clarified that the video was satirical in nature; the New Paper described Yee as "mocking the origins of the zodiac and joking about how children should be given a one-month holiday for Chinese New Year" in the video. Within the video, Yee had said that it was his "fake representation" of Chinese New Year. According to The New York Times, prior to his 2015 Lee Kuan Yew video, Yee had uploaded "more than a dozen comedic riffs... on subjects including Singapore's legal ban on homosexuality, The Hunger Games, Valentine's Day and the decision to drop out of school'to pursue my "career" as a 17-year-old boy ranting in front of a video camera'."
Nathan Heller of The New Yorker noted in 2015 that Yee had been publishing homemade videos which were "directed toward the Singaporean youth and a more international, American-style audience". On 23 March 2015, Lee Kuan Yew, the first Prime Minister of Singapore, died of severe pneumonia in hospital
Jackson–Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport
Jackson–Medgar Wiley Evers International Airport is a city-owned civil-military airport in Jackson, six miles east of Jackson, across the Pearl River. It serves commercial and military aviation, it is named after Medgar Evers, the former Mississippi Field Secretary for the NAACP, is administered by the Jackson Municipal Airport Authority, which oversees aviation activity at Hawkins Field in northwest Jackson. In March 2011, the Jackson–Evers International Airport was ranked the 8th-best airport in a worldwide consumer survey conducted by Airports Council International, it was the only airport in the United States to be ranked in the top ten. What is now Jackson–Evers International Airport opened in 1963, a new airport to replace Hawkins Field, Jackson's airport since 1928. Delta Air Lines's first flight, from Dallas Love Field, landed at Hawkins Field in 1929; the new airport was named Allen C. Thompson Field, which remains the name for the land on which the airport is built; the airport was "Jackson Municipal Airport".
Following a decision by the Jackson City Council in December 2004, the airport name was changed to Jackson–Evers International Airport on January 22, 2005. The first jets scheduled to Jackson were Delta 880s in late 1963, Newark-Birmingham-Jackson-Shreveport-Dallas and back. In 1973 Delta Boeing 727s flew nonstop to Atlanta, Dallas/Ft. Worth, Montgomery, Meridian, New Orleans, Shreveport, which continued for some time afterward. In the mid-1980s, Delta 727s and McDonnell Douglas DC-9s flew nonstop to Atlanta, Dallas/Ft Worth, Mobile and Shreveport. In October 1991 Delta had nonstop 727s, DC-9s and McDonnell Douglas MD-88s to its hubs in Atlanta and Dallas/Ft Worth, in addition to Baton Rouge, Birmingham and Shreveport. Delta reduced its flights in the 2000s. In the 1960s Southern Airways Martin 404s connected Jackson with Natchez, Greenwood, Columbus and New Orleans, but in the next decade Southern replaced these with DC-9s. In the 1970s Southern flew to Memphis, Greenville and Mobile, but after it merged with North Central Airlines in 1979 to form Republic Airlines it flew only to Memphis and left by 1984.
In the 1970s Jackson had direct Convair 600s to Houston–Intercontinental on Texas International Airlines. In 1979 Frontier Airlines flew Boeing 737s direct to Little Rock, with connections to Denver and the rest of the airline's network. Royale Airlines flew Gulfstream turboprops to New Orleans. Between 1984 and 1986, Eastern Airlines had nonstop 727s to New Orleans. A Continental Airlines affiliate began turboprop flights to Houston–Intercontinental, which continued through June 2013. In 1981 American Airlines began direct flights to Dallas/Ft. Worth and Nashville, using MD-83s and Boeing 727s. In the early 1990s the airport's name became "Jackson International Airport" since it has facilities for international flights, it has an office for U. S. has established a Foreign Trade Zone. The airport saw US Airways as a new carrier during this time, gaining nonstop service to Charlotte and for a time, to New Orleans. Trans World Airlines began Trans World Express service to St. Louis in 1995. TWA had DC-9 DC-9-10, service to STL in 1996.
Low-cost Valujet began DC-9 flights from Jackson to Atlanta in 1994, lasting for two years before it filed for bankruptcy and became AirTran Airways in 1997. The mid-1990s saw a tightening in the airline industry of the hub-and-spoke system, many destinations from Jackson were eliminated. American downgraded service in 1995 from Jackson to American Eagle service only to Dallas/Ft. Worth and Nashville, only to Dallas, by 2004 Delta provided service only to Atlanta and Cincinnati, the latter only through subsidiary Comair. In 1997 Southwest Airlines began service to Jackson from Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Houston–Hobby and Orlando. In 2013 the airport saw 7,520 commercial aircraft and 53,096 aircraft overall. In 2006 the airport authority received a federal grant to recruit non-stop flight service to Newark, in the New York City area. Continental Airlines flights from Jackson to Newark began on September 25, 2007. American Airlines non-stop service between Chicago–O'Hare and Jackson–Evers ended, though the route has been resumed by United Airlines.
In late 2018 Frontier Airlines started non-stop service to Orlando International Airport and Denver International Airport. They are the only airline to schedule the Airbus A320 Family to Jackson; the 172d Airlift Wing of the Mississippi Air National Guard has maintained an Air National Guard base on the airport since 1963, whin it moved from Hawkins Field. The 172 AW operated the C-119 Flying Boxcar, C-124 Globemaster, C-130 Hercules, C-141 Starlifter and now flies the C-17 Globemaster III; the airport has an L-shaped terminal, with the ramp extending north. The west concourse, with gates 15–19, extends nearly straight from the central part of the terminal with ticket counters, while the east concourse ext
Union Station (Jackson, Mississippi)
Union Station is an intermodal transit station in Jackson, United States. It is operated by the Jackson Transit System and serves Amtrak's City of New Orleans rail line, Greyhound Lines intercity buses, is Jackson's main city bus station. Train service first came to Jackson, Mississippi in 1840, when the Clinton and Vicksburg Railway established a connection; the city became a more prominent rail hub after the American Civil War as a stop for what became the Illinois Central Railroad. The modern Georgian Revival station was built in 1927 by Illinois Central when the rail lines were rebuilt through downtown; this Illinois Central operated trains to these endpoints through the station: Chicago and New Orleans Chicago and Gulfport, Mississippi Shreveport and Meridian, Mississippi After years of disuse, in 2003 the City of Jackson purchased the building from the Canadian National Railway, the successor to Illinois Central, with the intention of turning it into a multimodal hub named Union Station.
The city undertook a $20 million renovation funded by the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act and the Jackson Redevelopment Authority. The city converted the building into the Jackson Transit System's primary bus station and added facilities for Greyhound Lines; the former freighthouse was converted for use by Amtrak, other areas of the building were redesigned for commercial use. Dale and Associates received a 2005 Mississippi AIA Merit Award for the completed project, it is listed as a Mississippi Landmark. Media related to Jackson, Mississippi at Wikimedia Commons Jackson, MS – Amtrak Jackson Amtrak Station Jackson, MS