Espoo is the second largest city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the Finnish Capital Region, most of its population lives in the inner urban core of the Helsinki metropolitan area, along with the cities of Helsinki and Kauniainen. Espoo shares its eastern border with Vantaa, while enclosing Kauniainen; the city is located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, in the region of Uusimaa and has a population of 284,444. Other bordering municipalities of Espoo are Nurmijärvi and Vihti in the north, Kirkkonummi in the west; the national park of Nuuksio is situated in northwestern Espoo. Espoo encompasses 528 square kilometres. Espoo does not have a traditional city center, having instead several local regional centers. Espoo is thus divided into seven major areas: Vanha-Espoo, Suur-Espoonlahti, Pohjois-Espoo, Suur-Kauklahti, Suur-Leppävaara, Suur-Matinkylä, Suur-Tapiola. Aalto University is based in Otaniemi, along with a thriving science community that includes numerous startups and organizations such as VTT – the Technical Research Center of Finland.
Several major companies are based in Espoo, including Nokia, HMD Global, Tieto, KONE, Fortum, Orion Corporation, Outokumpu, as well as video game developers Rovio and Remedy Entertainment. The city of Espoo is bilingual; the majority of the population, 83.6%, speaks Finnish as their mother tongue, while a minority of 8.3% speaks Swedish. 8 % of Espoo's population has a first language other than Swedish. The name Espoo comes from the Swedish name for the River Espoo, Espå, which in turn comes from the old Swedish word äspe, meaning a border of aspen, the Swedish word for "river", å, thus "a river bordered by aspen"; the name was first mentioned in 1431. The banks of the River Espoo are today populated with aspen; the first inhabitants in the area arrived about 9,000 years ago. Physical evidence indicates agriculture from ca. 1000 AD. Up to the 13th century, the area was a borderland between the hunting grounds of Finnish Proper and Tavastian Finns, with a sparse population. Immigrants from Sweden established permanent agricultural settlements to the area from late 13th century onwards after the so-called Second Crusade to Finland.
Espoo was a subdivision of the Kirkkonummi congregation until 1486-7. The oldest known document referring to Kirkkonummi is from 1330; the construction of the Espoo Cathedral, the oldest preserved building in Espoo, marks the independence of Espoo. Administratively, Espoo was a part of Uusimaa; when the province was split to Eastern and Western provinces governed from the Porvoo and Raasepori castles the eastern border of the Raasepori province was in Espoo. The 13th century road connecting the most important cities in Finland at that time, the King's Road, passes through Espoo on its way from Stockholm via Turku and Porvoo to Viipuri. In 1557, King Gustaf Wasa decided to stabilize and develop the region by founding a royal mansion in Espoo; the government bought the villages of Espåby and Mankby and transferred the population elsewhere, built the royal mansion in Espåby. The royal mansion housed the king's local plenipotentiary, collected royal tax in kind paid by labor on the mansion's farm.
The administrative center Espoon keskus has grown around the church and the Espoo railway station, but the municipality has retained a network-like structure to the modern day. In 1920, Espoo was only a rural municipality of about 9,000 inhabitants, of whom 70% were Swedish speaking. Agriculture was the primary source of income, with 75% of the population making their living from farming. Kauniainen was separated from Espoo in 1920, it gained city rights the same year as Espoo, in 1972. Espoo started to grow in the 1940s and'50s, it developed from a rural municipality into a fully-fledged industrial city, gaining city rights in 1972. Due to its proximity to Helsinki, Espoo soon became popular amongst people working in the capital. In the fifty years from 1950 to 2000, the population of Espoo grew from 22,000 to 210,000. Since 1945, the majority of people in Espoo have been Finnish speaking. In 2006, the Swedish speaking inhabitants represented 9% of the total population; the population growth is still continuing, but at a slower rate.
Espoo is located in southern Finland, along the shore of the Gulf of Finland, in the region of Uusimaa and the Helsinki sub-region. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Espoo was a part of the Southern Finland Province; the city borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the east. Other neighbouring municipalities are Vantaa to the east and northeast, Nurmijärvi to the north, Vihti to the northwest, Kirkkonummi to the west and southwest. Espoo is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, the inner core of the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area. Espoo is divided into seven major areas: Vanha-Espoo, Suur-Espoonlahti, Pohjois-Espoo, Suur-Kauklahti, Suur-Leppävaara, Suur-Matinkylä, Suur-Tapiola; these major areas are divided into a total of 56 districts. Although Espoo is highly populated, it has large amounts of natural wilderness in the city's western and northern portions; the city has a total of 71 lakes, the largest of which are Lake Bodom, Nuuksion
South Africa the Republic of South Africa, is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation, it is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status; the remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European and multiracial ancestry. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures and religions, its pluralistic makeup is reflected in the constitution's recognition of 11 official languages, the fourth highest number in the world. Two of these languages are of European origin: Afrikaans developed from Dutch and serves as the first language of most coloured and white South Africans.
The country is one of the few in Africa never to have had a coup d'état, regular elections have been held for a century. However, the vast majority of black South Africans were not enfranchised until 1994. During the 20th century, the black majority sought to recover its rights from the dominant white minority, with this struggle playing a large role in the country's recent history and politics; the National Party imposed apartheid in 1948. After a long and sometimes violent struggle by the African National Congress and other anti-apartheid activists both inside and outside the country, the repeal of discriminatory laws began in 1990. Since 1994, all ethnic and linguistic groups have held political representation in the country's liberal democracy, which comprises a parliamentary republic and nine provinces. South Africa is referred to as the "rainbow nation" to describe the country's multicultural diversity in the wake of apartheid; the World Bank classifies South Africa as an upper-middle-income economy, a newly industrialised country.
Its economy is the second-largest in Africa, the 34th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa; however and inequality remain widespread, with about a quarter of the population unemployed and living on less than US$1.25 a day. South Africa has been identified as a middle power in international affairs, maintains significant regional influence; the name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four separate British colonies. Since 1961, the long form name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa". In Dutch, the country was named Republiek van Zuid-Afrika, replaced in 1983 by the Afrikaans Republiek van Suid-Afrika. Since 1994, the Republic has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa, while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term "Azania".
South Africa contains human-fossil sites in the world. Archaeologists have recovered extensive fossil remains from a series of caves in Gauteng Province; the area, a UNESCO World Heritage site, has been branded "the Cradle of Humankind". The sites include one of the richest sites for hominin fossils in the world. Other sites include Gondolin Cave Kromdraai, Coopers Cave and Malapa. Raymond Dart identified the first hominin fossil discovered in Africa, the Taung Child in 1924. Further hominin remains have come from the sites of Makapansgat in Limpopo Province and Florisbad in the Free State Province, Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal Province, Klasies River Mouth in Eastern Cape Province and Pinnacle Point and Die Kelders Cave in Western Cape Province; these finds suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago, starting with Australopithecus africanus. There followed species including Australopithecus sediba, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo rhodesiensis, Homo helmei, Homo naledi and modern humans.
Modern humans have inhabited Southern Africa for at least 170,000 years. Various researchers have located pebble tools within the Vaal River valley. Settlements of Bantu-speaking peoples, who were iron-using agriculturists and herdsmen, were present south of the Limpopo River by the 4th or 5th century CE, they displaced and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers, the Khoikhoi and San peoples. The Bantu moved south; the earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around 1050. The southernmost group was the Xhosa people, whose language incorporates certain linguistic traits from the earlier Khoisan people; the Xhosa reached the Great Fish River, in today's Eastern Cape Province. As they migrated, these larger Iron Age populations
Strongman (strength athlete)
A strongman is a man who competes in strength athletics. In the 19th century, the term strongman referred to an exhibitor of strength or similar circus performers who displayed feats of strength; when strength sports were codified into their own categories such as weightlifting, etc, Strongman became its own specified category in strength sports. In the past, strongmen would perform various feats of strength such as the bent press, supporting large amounts of weight held overhead at arm's length, steel bending, chain breaking, etc. Large amounts of wrist and tendon strength were required for these feats, as well as prodigious oblique strength. In the late 20th century the term strongman evolved to describe one who competes in strength athletics – a more modern eclectic strength competition in which competitors display their raw functional strength through exercises such as lifting rocks, toting refrigerators, pulling trains, towing an eighteen wheel truck behind them, etc; the most famous competitions of this type are the World's Strongest Man, the Arnold Strongman Classic, the Strongman Champions League and the Giants Live tour, however many countries hold national-level competitions.
In recent years, interest in the sport at the grassroots level has skyrocketed, leading to the spontaneous formation of local clubs, loosely affiliated with provincial/state and national associations. Many sports-specific training facilities have begun to incorporate movements associated with strongman competitions into their general training schemes, albeit with lighter weights used, e.g. tyre flips, sled drags, object loading or carrying, log pressing, farmer's walks and so on. Training for strongman involves building overall strength in the gym and training with competition implements to gain familiarity. In the gym, it is necessary to train the entire body for strength with variants of the squat and overhead press. Important is explosive power, developed by weightlifting-style lifts, cardiovascular conditioning. Grip strength must be developed. Although you can do general strength training, at a typical gym, training with a strongman regimen requires equipment not found in a gym; some equipment used in a strongman competition would have to be found custom-made or at a strongman gym.
These equipment include Atlas Stone, Farmers Walk Bars, Keg, a vehicle. Another part of a strongman's training is its intense diet regime. A top athlete in strongman would need to ingest upwards of 10,000 calories a day. Though competitive strongman events are changing, there are a number of staples that appear on the international stage, including: Strongman is incorrectly used to describe a person who does weightlifting or bodybuilding. Due to the circus and entertainment background, nineteenth-century bodybuilders were expected to mingle with the crowd during intermission and perform strength feats like card tearing, nail bending, etc. to demonstrate strength as well as symmetry and size. Many strongmen sold photos of themselves nude or near-nude and posing. Although, what they considered the epitome of male beauty was different from modern ideals – the low emphasis on chest size, great emphasis on oblique size, symmetry as evidenced by photos of Eugen Sandow; the following competing strongmen have finished in the top three of World's Strongest Man, from 1977 to 2018: List of strongman competitions Grip strength Lifting stone Power training Strength training Strongwoman World Strongman Federation World Strongman Cup Federation Highland games United States All Round Weightlifting Association Oldtime Strongman Old-School Strongmen – slideshow by Life magazine Oldtime Strongmen List World Strongman Federation
Jón Páll Sigmarsson
Jón Páll Sigmarsson was an Icelandic strongman and bodybuilder, the first man to win the World's Strongest Man four times. He is regarded as one of the greatest strongmen of all time, is credited with developing Iceland's national identity, he was named Icelandic Sportsperson of the Year in 1981, was one of the best-known Icelandic athletes. In 2012, Jón Páll was inducted into the World's Strongest Man Hall of Fame. Jón Páll was born in Hafnarfjörður on 28 April 1960, weighing 4 kilograms and measuring 52 centimetres, he was the first child of Sigmar Jónsson. He was raised by foster father Sveinn Guðmundsson; the family moved to Stykkishólmur. He remained there until the age of nine. Growing up, he was active as a farmhand, he worked from dawn until dusk, carrying pails of water and assisting his foster father on seal hunts. He took up Glima, a traditional Icelandic form of wrestling, at the age of five and played football and handball, as well as competing in swimming, middle-distance running, karate.
Jón Páll was introduced to weight lifting in 1976, began training at Jakaból in 1978. In 1984 he won the Icelandic bodybuilding title in the +90 kg. class. His achievements in powerlifting include Icelandic records in the bench press and the squat, but his best performances were in the deadlift event, in which he set the European record many times and multiple world records in strongman competition deadlift variations, such as the rectangular handled wheel and one handed deadlift. Jón Páll was invited to the World's Strongest Man competition for the first time in 1983, in which he came in second only to Geoff Capes; the following year, at age 24, he secured the title. During the final armwrestling event, in which Jón Páll was up against him, Capes appeared to be winning, pulling Jón Páll's arm down convincingly, but sustained a muscle tear in his forearm as Jón Páll started to thrust his arm back. Right after winning the bout, Jón Páll shouted "The King has lost his crown!" and won his first World's Strongest Man title in 1984.
Although Jón Páll was defeated by Capes at the 1985 World's Strongest Man, he managed to regain the title in 1986. During the deadlift event at the 1985 World's Strongest Man competition, someone in the audience called him an Eskimo. Jón Páll shouted back: "I am not an Eskimo. I am a Viking!" and lifted the 495 kg cart. In 1986, Jón Páll first wrestled English author and Guinness World Record Holder Brian Sterling-Vete in a demonstration match for the TV news and print media held at Finnur Karlsson’s gymnasium in Reykjavík, Iceland. Halfway through the match Jón and Sterling had plotted to surprise the audience with a supposed angry outburst leading to the two of them demonstrating their skills as martial artists; this showmanship became synonymous with Sterling. In 1987, Jón Páll clashed with his arguably greatest rival - 3 times World's Strongest Man winner Bill Kazmaier of Burlington, Wisconsin, USA, who had not been invited to compete at World's Strongest Man again after winning the competition 3 times in a row from 1980 to 1982.
Kazmaier boasted some of the heaviest powerlifting lifts of that time including world records in the bench press with 300 kg, deadlift with 402 kg and total 1100 kg and had made his reputation in the 80's as "the strongest man who lived" by breaking numerous strongman world records of the 20th century. At Pure Strength 1987, a competition held in place of the absent World's Strongest Man competition of that year on the grounds of Huntly Castle in Aberdeenshire, Geoff Capes, Bill Kazmaier and Jón Páll matched up to crown the strongest man on the planet. Jón Páll, being in the shape of his life, won the contest convincingly by winning 8 out of 10 events and managed to beat Kazmaier, making his comeback into the strongman sport after having worked and travelled as a professional wrestler. A famous quote, "There is no reason to be alive if you can't do deadlift." was shouted by Jón Páll when he won the deadlift event at this contest with a strongman world record lift of 523 kg off a rectangular handled bar from knee height.
At the 1988 World's Strongest Man the two rivals clashed again. As expected Kazmaier dominated the static events while Jón Páll, who had shed body-weight to cater for all the dynamic tests of strength of World's Strongest Man instead of the latter statically orientated events of Pure Strength 1987, was victorious in the more athletic, speed- and endurance-oriented events. Although Jón Páll was beaten by Kazmaier in the deadlift, log lift and sack race, he managed to win the "weight over the bar event" and the McGlashen Stones in the end to secure the overall victory and to become the World's Strongest Man for the third time equaling Kazmaier's record. After his victory Jón Páll said: "I may be the fastest strongman in the world, but I think Bill is the strongest on his feet." After a disappointing third place at the 1989 World's Strongest Man, Jón Páll was able to win the competition, while injured, for a record breaking fourth time in 1990. O. D. Wilson, leading the competition with a comfortable 5½ points before the last event - a 200 m race with a 100 kg weight on the back - was a heavy 400-pound man, who lacked the endurance and running speed to complete the course enough and ended up losing by half a point to the much lighter and faster Jón Páll Sigmarsson.
The 1990 World's Stro
Ted van der Parre
Ted van der Parre is a former strongman from the Netherlands who won the World's Strongest Man contest in 1992 and was 4th in 1991. He participated in 1994 when he finished 8th, having to drop out after the second event due to a calf injury. At 7 ft and 350 lb, Van der Parre is the tallest man to compete in the World's Strongest Man contest, has the lowest WSM BMI of 35, he won the Netherlands Strongest Man contest in 1991, 1992, 1994. 1st place Sterkste Man van Nederland 4th place World's Strongest Man 1st place Sterkste Man van Nederland 1st place World's Strongest Man 1st place Sterkste Man van Nederland 8th place World's Strongest Man
Finns or Finnish people are a Finnic ethnic group native to Finland. Finns are traditionally divided into smaller regional groups that span several countries adjacent to Finland, both those who are native to these countries as well as those who have resettled; some of these may be classified as separate ethnic groups, rather than subgroups of Finns. These include the Kvens and Forest Finns in Norway, the Tornedalians in Sweden, the Ingrian Finns in Russia. Finnish, the language spoken by most Finnic people, is related to other Finnic languages, e.g. Estonian and Karelian; the Finnic languages are a subgroup of the larger Uralic family of languages, which includes Hungarian. These languages are markedly different from most other languages spoken in Europe, which belong to the Indo-European family of languages. Native Finns can be divided according to dialect into subgroups sometimes called heimo, although such divisions have become less important due to internal migration. Today, there are 6–7 million ethnic Finns and their descendants worldwide, with majority of them living in their native Finland and the surrounding countries, namely Sweden and Norway.
An overseas Finnish diaspora has long been established in the countries of the Americas and Oceania, with the population of immigrant background, namely Australia, New Zealand and the United States. The Population Register Centre maintains information on the birthplace and mother tongue of the people living in Finland, but does not categorize any as Finns by ethnicity; the majority of people living in the Republic of Finland consider Finnish to be their first language. According to Statistics Finland, of the country's total population of 5,503,297 at the end of 2016, 88.3% considered Finnish to be their native language. It is not known how many of the ethnic Finns living outside Finland speak Finnish as their first language. In addition to the Finnish-speaking inhabitants of Finland, the Kvens, the Tornedalians, the Karelians in the historic Finnish province of Karelia and Evangelical Lutheran Ingrian Finns, as well as Finnish expatriates in various countries, are Finnic people. Finns have been traditionally divided into sub-groups along regional, dialectical or ethnographical lines.
These subgroups include the people of Finland Proper, Tavastia, Savo and Ostrobothnia. These sub-groups express regional self-identity with significance. There are a number of distinct dialects of the Finnish language spoken in Finland, although the exclusive use of the standard Finnish —both in its formal written and more casual spoken form—in Finnish schools, in the media, in popular culture, along with internal migration and urbanization, have diminished the use of regional varieties since the middle of the 20th century. There were three dialects: the South-Western and Karelian; these and neighboring languages mixed with each other in various ways as the population spread out, evolved into the Southern Ostrobothnian, Central Ostrobothnian, Northern Ostrobothnian, Far-Northern and South-Eastern aka South Karelian dialects. The Sweden Finns have emigrated from Finland to Sweden. An estimated 450,000 first- or second-generation immigrants from Finland live in Sweden, of which half speak Finnish.
The majority moved from Finland to Sweden following the Second World War, taking advantage of the expanding Swedish economy. This emigration has been declining since. There is a native Finnish-speaking minority in Sweden, the Tornedalians in the border area in the extreme north of Sweden; the Finnish language has official status as one of five minority languages in Sweden, but only in the five northernmost municipalities in Sweden. The term Finns is used for other Finnic peoples, including Izhorians in Ingria, Karelians in Karelia and Veps in the former Veps National Volost, all in Russia. Among these groups, the Karelians is the most populous one, followed by the Ingrians. According to a 2002 census, it was found that Ingrians identify with Finnish ethnic identity, referring to themselves as Ingrian Finns; the Finnish term for Finns is suomalaiset. It is a matter of debate how best to designate the Finnish-speakers of Sweden, all of whom have migrated to Sweden from Finland. Terms used include Sweden Finns and Finnish Swedes, with a distinction always made between more recent Finnish immigrants, most of whom have arrived after World War II, Tornedalians, who have lived along what is now the Swedish-Finnish border since the 15th century.
The term "Finn" also has the meaning "a member of a people speaking Finnish or a Finnic language". Historical references to Northern Europe are scarce, the names given to its peoples and geographic regions are obscure; such names as Fenni, Phinnoi and Skrithfinni / Scridefinnum appear in a few written texts starting from about two millennia ago in association with peoples located in a northern part of Europe, but the real meaning of these terms is debatable. The ear
The deadlift is a weight training exercise in which a loaded barbell or bar is lifted off the ground to the level of the hips lowered to the ground. It is one of the three powerlifting exercises, along with the squat and bench press. Deadlift refers to the lifting such as weights lying on the ground, it is one of the few standard weight training exercises in which all repetitions begin with dead weight. There are several positions one can approach when performing the deadlift, which include the conventional deadlift and sumo-deadlift. In most other lifts there is an eccentric phase followed by the concentric phase. During these exercises, a small amount of energy is stored in the stretched muscles and tendons in the eccentric phase if the lifter is not flexible beyond the range of motion. Although this exercise uses the hips and legs as the primary movers, it can just as be considered a back exercise. Conventional deadlift: The deadlift can be broken down into three parts: The setup, the initial pull or drive, the lockout.
Setup: When performing a deadlift, a lifter will set up in a position that eccentrically loads the gluteus maximus, biceps femoris and semimembranosus while the muscles of the lumbar contract isometrically in an effort to stabilize the spine. Set up behind the bar with it touching or nearly touching the legs. Begin by hinging at the hips and knees, setting one's weight predominantly in the heels while maintaining flat feet. Spine stays long and straight as hips hinge back, taking care not to allow knees to track forward over one’s toes. Gripping the bar outside of the legs, a lifter will depress their shoulders away from their ears in an effort to load the lats and generate force throughout their erectors. Drive: The next section of the deadlift produces the highest amount of force. By pushing down through their heels while pushing up and forward with their hips and maintaining depressed scapula and a long tense spine an individual can remain safe during this motion; this is considered the most difficult part of the entire movement due to the amount of work required to drive the bar off the ground initially.
Keep the muscles of the back contracted in order to maintain a safe posture throughout the motion. Drive up and forward with the hips and legs to stand erect and lift the bar. Take a deep diaphragmatic breath and hold it in during the movement, thus creating an outward pressure on the core to further stabilize the lumbopelvic hip complex and core throughout the motion. Lockout: The finish is the most critical aspect of the motion; this requires being erect with a neutral spine and forceful hip extension to engage the muscles of the lumbar spine and abdomen in unison with the glutes. Finish by driving the hips into the bar and getting as tall as possible. Contract the glutes while shortening the rectus abdominis to finish the movement with the pelvis in a neutral position. Contracting the glutes as well as the abdominal muscles is critical for low back health and safety. Lowering the weight: Finishing a deadlift is performing these same steps in reverse order; as the muscles of the back and core must remain tight throughout the motion, one should hinge at the hips and knees to bring the weight down.
Lowering their chest towards their knees while keeping the bar close is the safest way to complete the motion. There are a few common errors during the performance of the deadlift. Back is rounded or arched: during the deadlift, the back should be flat with the spine neutral. If a lifter arches the back, either rounded or arched, the load shifts and can place too much stress or pressure on the back, which may lead to injury; the head should not be arched or rounded either. Shoulders are protracted: allowing the shoulders to come forward disengages the back muscles which stabilize the spine. Jerking the bar: the slack should be taken from the bar by squeezing the back muscles first and straightening the arms; the bar should be lifted in a smooth motion without jerking. Squatting: the objective of a deadlift is to hinge the hips, knees will be bent in the setup phase, but should not bend so as to be a squat. Too far from the bar: if the load is too far forward, the lifter may compensate by rounding the back or shifting the weight to the front of the foot.
Both could cause injury. Poor lowering of the weight: bending the knees too soon when lowering the weight can put pressure on the lower back. While there should be a slight bend in the knees on the way down, bend the knees more once the bar has passed them on the way down. Deadlifts can be performed using dumbbells, barbells, or kettlebells with one hand or two hands & with one leg or two legs. Other variations are the side deadlift or suitcase deadlift, rack pulls, deadlift lockouts, deficit deadlift or deadlift from a box; each of these variations is called for to address specific weaknesses in a lifter's overall deadlift. For instance if the athlete has difficulty breaking contact at max. weight, deficit deadlifts are performed to strengthen the gluteus maximus and hamstrings due to the greater range of motion required by standing on the low platform or low box. On the other hand, if the lifter has no problem with breaking contact with the floor but has difficulty locking out, they should perform rack pulls to strengthen their upper back, posterior deltoids, trapezius muscles while de-emphasizing the gluteus and hamstrings.
The archaic "dead weight lift", or "dead weight l