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Up in Rags/With Our Wallets Full

Up in Rags/With Our Wallets Full is a collection of early recordings by the American indie rock band Cold War Kids. After a surge of internet buzz and a heavy touring schedule in 2006, Cold War Kids packaged their previous two six-song EPs together as a full-length LP; the album consists of the same recordings With Our Wallets Full. The album was released on Monarchy Music as a promotional compilation LP of their rare first two EPs. "Hang Me Up to Dry" - 3:38 "Robbers" - 3:31 "We Used to Vacation" - 4:14 "Saint John" - 3:48 "Hospital Beds" - 4:46 "Pregnant" - 4:24 "Hair Down" - 3:41 "Red Wine, Success!" - 2:39 "Tell Me In The Morning" - 3:38 "Expensive Tastes" - 5:02 "Rubidoux" - 4:14 "Sermons vs The Gospel" - 3:41 Bass - Matt Maust Drums, Percussion - Matthew Aveiro Guitar, Vocals - Jonathan Bo Russell Vocals, Piano - Nathan Willett Producer - Matt Wignall and Jason Martin of Starflyer 59 fame

Axis & Allies (1998 video game)

Axis & Allies is a 1998 computer wargame based on the Axis and Allies: Classic board game. Players take control of one of five world powers at the start of 1942 in WW2, grouped into the opposing factions of the Allies and the Axis. Victory conditions are set at the start of the game: complete world domination, the capture of enemy capitals, or reaching a set level of economic power by the Axis; the game is turn-based, with the USSR turn first, the USA turn last. Each power's turn of the game is broken into several phases. First is the research phase, where IPCs can be gambled in an attempt to develop advanced technology, such as jet engines or rockets; the remaining IPCs are used to buy troops in the purchase phase. Troops are moved in the combat move phase, battles resolved in the combat phase. Non-combative moves are performed in the non-combat move phase, new units are placed at the powers' factories & IPCs for all territories the power now controls are collected in the place units/collect income phase and the powers' turn ends.

A second edition of the game was released in 1999 titled Axis & Allies: Iron Blitz. It added a function to allow the third edition rules of the game as well as new features such as allowing a submarine to submerge instead of withdrawal and having multiple AA guns occupy the same territory. In addition, it included many alternate scenarios, providing for events that ranged from a Western Allied-Soviet war after World War II, to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact being made into a formal alliance, which turns Japan into the Allies And, of course, there is the default scenario from the board game Each power has a turn of 5 steps during each round of play; each of the 5 powers will have a turn in a complete round of play. A full round of play consists of: USSR, United Kingdom and United States. If one power's armed forces are destroyed, that nation is removed from play and gameplay skips that power's turn. Example: United Kingdom destroys all of Germany's armed forces; the play now follows: USSR, United Kingdom, Japan and USA.

However, if Germany's ally Japan liberates Germany's capital and Germany can produce new units Germany's turn is now restored as it was at the start of the game. IPCs otherwise known as Industrial Production Certificates, is the only currency in the game. IPCs are used to buy land units, sea units or air units; each power collect IPCs at the end of their turn. IPCs are collected for every territory under the player's control that has an IPC value at the end of each turn. Allies: Historical victory of capturing both Axis capitals. Total victory means that both Japan and Germany are captured and none of the Allied capitals are captured by the Axis. Axis: One of 2 conditions are met. Total Victory: Axis capturing 2 of the 3 Allied capitals and none of the Axis capitals are captured by the Allies. IPC Victory: When the combined IPCs controlled by both Japan and Germany reach 84 at the end of a complete round of play. Axis & Allies was a commercial success, with sales of 300,000 copies by February 1999, after its release in September of the previous year.

It reached 350,000 in sales by June. At the time, Computer Gaming World's editors wrote that "Panzer General's record as the best-selling computer wargame is in jeopardy" thanks to the success of Axis & Allies. Axis & Allies was a runner-up for Computer Games Strategy Plus's 1998 "Wargame of the Year" award, which went to The Operational Art of War; the editors noted the game's "mass-market appeal". Axis & Allies: Classic board game by Milton Bradley Axis & Allies: RTS video game Official website Axis & Allies at MobyGames AAWC - Axis & Allies World Club

Quiet Days in Clichy (novel)

Quiet Days in Clichy is a novella written by Henry Miller. It is based on his experience as a Parisian expatriate in the early 1930s, when he and Alfred Perlès shared a small apartment in suburban Clichy as struggling writers, it takes place around the time. According to his photographer friend George Brassaï, Miller admitted the title is “completely misleading.” The plot follows an American expatriate in and around Place Clichy. The book is divided in two parts. In the first and his destitute roommate Carl search for food and navigate relationships with various women. Chiefly, Joey with Nys, a prostitute he meets at the Café Wepler near Montmartre, Carl with Colette, a fifteen-year-old runaway who moves in with them before being retrieved by her parents; the second half, “Mara-Marignon,” describes Carl’s volatile love affair with the married Eliane, Joey’s relationship with Mara, a prostitute he meets on the Champs-Élysées. Mara reminds Joey of the married Christine, whom he regrets not marrying himself.

This leads to a recollection of an evening he and Carl spent at their home with an acrobat named Corinne and a Danish woman named Christine. The four of them have a spontaneous orgy, which upsets Christine, laughed at by the other three; the thin volume was written in New York shortly after Miller’s return from Paris in 1940, revised in Big Sur in 1956, while he was working on Nexus. The book was first published in France by Olympia Press in 1956. Following Miller’s victory in the obscenity trial for Tropic of Cancer, Quiet Days in Clichy was published in the United States by Grove Press in 1965; the novella has twice been made into a feature film. The 1970 version was a Danish production and directed by Jens Jørgen Thorsen, featuring a soundtrack by Country Joe McDonald; the second film, Quiet Days in Clichy in English with some bits of French, was released in 1990. It starred Andrew McCarthy as Miller. McCarthy was 26 years old when he played Miller, in his early 40s in the book. Chabrol deemed the film a not-too-faithful rendering of the novella.

In an HBO anthology series based on American literature, Women & Men 2: In Love There Are No Rules, one of the shorts is “Mara,” based on the second half of Quiet Days in Clichy. The 30-minute film was directed by Mike Figgis, it stars Scott Glenn as Juliette Binoche as Mara. Quiet Days in Clichy Quiet Days in Clichy Henry & June The Diary of Anaïs Nin, Volume One: 1931-1934

Swedish nuclear weapons program

After World War II, Sweden considered building nuclear weapons to defend themselves against an offensive assault from the Soviet Union. From 1945 to 1972 the government ran a clandestine nuclear weapons program under the guise of civilian defense research at the Swedish National Defence Research Institute. By the late 1950s the work had reached the point. However, at this time the Riksdag prohibited research and development of nuclear weapons, pledging that research should be done only for the purpose of defense against nuclear attack, they reserved the right to continue development of offensive weapons in the future. The option to continue development of weapons was abandoned in 1966, Sweden's subsequent signing of the Non-Proliferation Treaty in 1968 began the wind-down of the program, which concluded in 1972. During the final phase of World War II, the Swedish Government saw value in the future of nuclear energy the Allied interest in Sweden’s uranium-bearing black shale deposits; this led to suggestions that Sweden should establish state control over its natural resources, including uranium.

Such controls would include export controls on uranium in collaboration with the American and British governments, exclusive Swedish controls over uranium ore, a ban on commercial mining of uranium. Through its advisors, including Manne Siegbahn among others, the government realized the link between its ore and nuclear weapons. After American Ambassador Herschel Johnson brought up that question in a conversation with Cabinet Secretary Stig Sahlin on July 27, 1945, the issue was raised at the government meeting on August 2. On September 11, Sweden committed itself to establish state control over mining and export of uranium. Sweden rejected the American suggestion of a right to purchase Swedish uranium as well as a right to veto proposed Swedish uranium exports; the opening of the Cold War and fears of an attack by the Soviet Union led to increasing interest in Sweden possessing its own nuclear arsenal. They were only interested in tactical nuclear weapons that would be used in a defensive role on Swedish territory or nearby seas.

For reasons not directly related to security, Sweden never considered strategic nuclear weapons that could reach the Soviet Union. British and U. S. ideas influenced the Swedish Armed Forces’ doctrinal thinking at that time. Physics-oriented defense research started in Sweden during World War II, drew many outstanding Swedish physicists to the Military Institute of Physics founded in 1941. Here the focus was on conventional weapons. In 1945, MFI merged with two other organizations to form the Swedish National Defence Research Institute in compliance with a 1944 proposal to reorganize the Swedish defense research. Research at the FOA was focused on such things as jet engines, rocket technology, shaped charge systems, radars. In August 1945, just a few days after the Hiroshima bombing, Sweden’s Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, Helge Jung, made a request via newly appointed research officer Torsten Schmidt that the founded FOA should find out what was known about those new weapons. FOA's first report to the Supreme Commander in late 1945 was based on the Smyth Report, the official US report on Manhattan project and physics behind it, was published on August 12.

As soon as nuclear bombs became known, both nuclear weapons and nuclear energy drew significant attention in many countries. After the Smyth Report came out, discussions around peaceful use of nuclear energy in the US began. Studies of military and civilian use of nuclear energy started in Sweden before the end of 1945. In November 1945, the Atomic Committee was founded. AC was an advisory committee of experts with the mission to work out a defense plan and outline the alternative pathways for the development of civilian nuclear program. In 1947, the government established the atomic energy company AB Atomenergi, 57 percent owned by the Government and the remaining 43 percent owned by a number of private companies active in the mining and manufacturing industries; the company's task was to develop civilian nuclear power. Though much of the military research was kept in secret, it seems that the connection between the military and civilian projects was was not controversial, necessary because of the lack of available resources and expertise.

AB Atomenergi had a close relationship with FOA from the start, signed a co-operation agreement in 1948. The FOA had established a research area south of Stockholm that became the epicentre for military research and development. Thus, the Swedish nuclear program emerged as a joint government-business venture quite distinct from other nuclear weapon programs - traditionally state-run; when the anti-nuclear weapons movement began to gain influence during the late 1950s and became stronger during the 1960s, the connection between military and civilian nuclear research become viewed with suspicion. In October 1945, FOA made a request for additional funding for studies of nuclear weapons; the funding was granted. Beginning in 1946, Sweden established a well-organized and well-funded nuclear weapons research program divided into five distinct areas: research, plutonium production, construction funding for reactors and enrichment facilities, acquisition of delivery systems, testing and assembly of nuclear weapons.

The Department of Nuclear Physics was founded in early 1946 within FOA's department of Physics, by mid-1946 there were about 20 FOA-researchers and similar number of external researchers engaged in research on nuclear weapons or nuclear energy

Animal Liberation (organisation)

Animal Liberation is a nonprofit animal rights organisation based in Sydney, founded by Christine Townend and led by current CEO Lynda Stoner. It was formed in 1976, one year after the release of Animal Liberation by Australian philosopher Peter Singer. Animal Liberation's primary campaigns are to advocate against the use of animals for food, research and entertainment, by promoting a vegan lifestyle. Animal Liberation's activities and campaigns include: Petitioning for political changes to prevent cruel practices against animals. Public protests for various issues including animal circuses, live animal export, rodeos. Direct street canvassing and distribution of organisation position materials. Investigating animal cruelty cases through calls received on an anonymous animal cruelty hotline. Festival stalls. Educational talks in schools and community groups. Investigation into cruel practices against animals for TV and print media exposés. Encouraging prosecution of perpetrators of animal abuse.

Animal Liberation continues to oppose live export, with campaigns dating back over 30 years with original founder Christine Townend. In 1995, Mark Pearson and 32 others chained themselves to sow cages at Parkville piggery, part-owned by prime minister Paul Keating; the result of this action was a subsequent ban on the tethering of sows. Animal Liberation maintains an active campaign against pig-dogging since its legal status was declared in 2006. In 2010, Lynda Stoner went undercover to a two-day workshop on pig-dog hunting to gather information and footage of the practice. Stoner has remained outspoken against all forms of hunting. In May 2013, Stoner compared hunting photos to images of child pornography, snuff murders and torture; the organisation holds protests outside circuses with performing animals, such as lions and monkeys. One goal of this campaign is to encourage local councils to amend their policies to exclude animal circuses from public land, such as in 2013 when members of Gosford City Council put forward a motion for a ban in that area.

In July 2013, circus campaign spokesperson Phillip Hall drew media attention to the life of captivity awaiting newborn lion cubs born into Stardust Circus. The escape of a performing monkey from Lennon Bros Circus in July 2014 was heavily criticised by Animal Liberation. Animal Liberation has spoken out against the pet industry breeding animals for profit in puppy farms, resulting in tens of thousands of dogs and cats being euthanised per year. Animal Liberation has conducted multiple undercover investigations on the conditions of animals raised for food in Australia. In 2001 footage received by Animal Liberation from an unknown person contained images of the stunning and slaughter of possums at Lenah Game Meats in northern Tasmania; this was passed onto the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Lenah Game Meats took action against ABC, with the Supreme Court of Tasmania granting an injunction against the footage being broadcast again; this decision was overturned on appeal by the High Court in ABC v Lenah Game Meats Pty Ltd]].

The judgment confirmed that journalists can use material obtained illegally by others in the public interest. The case is cited as a landmark decision. In February 2012 Animal Liberation gained footage shot undercover over six days at Hawkesbury Valley Abattoir, depicting animals having their throats slit without being properly stunned, pigs pummelled in the head with an iron bar; the footage was passed onto authorities, resulting in the New South Wales Food Authority closing the abattoir. The same year in August an investigation conducted over three months at Wally's Piggery at Murrumbateman captured footage of illegal animal husbandry practices, back-room slaughter at a facility, not an authorised slaughterhouse. Animal cruelty charges were laid following a raid as a result of the footage, but all charges were subsequently dropped in 2014. In June 2012 Campaign Director Emma Hurst released footage from an investigation into duck farming sheds from so-called free range duck meat producers; the footage showed ducks confined indoors without access to ground water.

This investigation formed the basis of complaints to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission against two large duck producers. In December 2012, the Federal Court ordered Pepe's Ducks to pay $400,000 for false and deceptive conduct. Luv-a-Duck was ordered to pay $360,000 for misleading claims. In 2013 Animal Liberation received 140 hours of footage taken at an Inghams turkey processing plant in Tahmoor over a two-week period; the videos contained scenes of turkeys being bashed and stomped on. The footage sparked a renewed call from Animal Liberation for mandatory CCTV monitoring in all Australian abattoirs. Current chief executive officer Lynda Stoner was known for several roles on Australian television in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Stoner had leading regular roles in the soap opera The Young Doctors from 1977 to 1979 and followed this with the police drama Cop Shop. In 1985 she played the glamorous villain Eve Wilder in the cult soap opera Prisoner and her character was spectacularly lynched during the infamous episode 600 riot, screened in 1986.

This was followed by a guest role in the raunchy drama serial Chances in 1991 where she played a sex therapist. Stoner became a prominent spokesperson for animal rights issues in the early 1980s and subsequently left acting to focus on this area. Mark Pearson MLC served as Executive Director of Animal Liberation, his main focus was on farm animals factory farming. Pearson was involved in advocating for the abolition of mulesing in sheep and convincing the Russian