Flight Sergeant Frank Sumner was a British RAF air gunner during World War II and flew combat missions during the Battle of Britain. He is counted amongst those airmen known as "The Few", he was killed in action in November 1941 whilst on active service with RAF Bomber Command. Frank Sumner was born in South London on 12 October 1902, he joined the Royal Air Force aged 16 as a boy recruit in February 1919. In October 1922 Sumner went to the RAF Armament and Gunnery School at RAF Eastchurch on the Isle of Sheppey for ground and air instruction on the Lewis Gun. After completing the air gunner training he was awarded a brass'Winged Bullet', worn upon the right sleeve of his RAF tunic. Sumner joined his first unit, No. 64 Squadron RAF, part of RAF Fighter Command, at RAF Church Fenton on 6 September 1939 as a Leading Aircraftsman. He was selected to become an air gunner in the Bristol Blenheim aircraft using the Vickers K machine gun, he flew his first flight as an operational air gunner on 6 December 1939.
Sumner and 64 Squadron were detached to RAF Evanton in late 1939 to provide fighter protection to the Home Fleet of the Royal Navy. The squadron returned to RAF Church Fenton in mid-January 1940 and continued on daylight patrols and night sorties; the squadron converted to Spitfires. As a gunner Sumner was now posted to No. 23 Squadron RAF at RAF Wittering on 20 May 1940 to continue air gunner duties in Blenheims, but with a change to night-fighting. He flew operational missions with a variety of pilots during his time on the squadron. In November 1940, Sumner was offered to retrain as a radar operator, but he chose to remain in the trade of air gunner and joined RAF Bomber Command, he undertook training at No. 15 Operational Training Unit at RAF Harwell to be a tail gunner in the Wellington bombers using the M1919 Browning machine gun. Sumner was posted to No. 142 Squadron RAF at RAF Binbrook in December 1940 and joined the crew of Wing Commander William Sadler and second pilot Pilot Officer George Bull.
The first bombing sortie Sumner took part in was on 3 May 1941 for an attack on Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Sadler was posted to work at the Air Ministry, so Bull became Captain, the new'2nd Dickie' was Sgt James Pattison, the rest of the crew consisting of Sumner, observer Maurice Jacoby and the two wireless operator/air-gunners Thomas Harrower and John Parkin; the crew took part in raids deep inside Germany to major cities including Bremen, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Rostock, Stettin and Berlin. After these raids and on European ports and harbours, including Antwerp and Lorient, Sumner was close to completing his 30'ops'. Whilst he was in Bristol working with the contractor improving the gun turrets, Sumner's crew took part on a raid on Hamburg and did not return and were listed as missing killed in action. 142 Squadron moved to RAF Grimsby in November 1941 and Sumner joined a new crew consisting of non-commissioned airmen. The crew, consisting of Sgt Alexander Gilmour, Sgt John Lucking, Sgt William Lewis, Sgt John Saunders, Sgt Jesse Butterworth and Flt/Sgt Frank Sumner, flew together on their first raid on 30 November.
Two of the squadron's aircraft failed to return from this mission, one of, Sumner's. The Squadron Order of Battle states, "This aircraft failed to return. No W/T communication at all". News came, via the German authorities, that the crew of a Wellington, shot down by German Naval Artillery near Kiel had been recovered and buried at the local Garrison Cemetery, it was after the war had finished that Sumner and the crew's bodies were exhumed and identified and interred in the Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery at Kiel
Kipling Taquana Anderson known as Kip Anderson, was an American soul blues and R&B singer and songwriter. He is best known for his 1967 single, "A Knife and a Fork." He recorded for many record labels, worked as a radio DJ, maintained a career lasting from the late 1950s to the 1990s, despite serving a decade-long custodial sentence. At various times Anderson worked with the Drifters, Jerry Butler and Jackie Wilson, he was born Kipling Taquana Anderson in Anderson County, South Carolina. Anderson played the piano. After featuring in his high school band, Anderson met his future business partner, Charles Derrick, at radio station WOIC, in Columbia. In 1959, Anderson's debut single, was released by Vee-Jay Records. For his follow-up release, "Oh My Linda", he was accompanied by the guitarist Mickey Baker. Lack of commercial gains from recording led Anderson to find work as a disc jockey. Everlast Records released Anderson's third single, "I Will Cry", "Here I Am, Try Me," and "That's When the Crying Begins" followed.
His stock rose further with "I'll Get Along", "Woman How Do You Make Me Love You Like I Do", "Without a Woman". In 1967, Anderson released "a Fork" for Checker, recorded at FAME Studios in Alabama. "A Knife and a Fork" was a midtempo warning to his girlfriend about her consumption of food: "girl, you gonna let a knife and a fork dig your grave". The single entered the Billboard R&B chart. A follow-up release, "You'll Lose a Good Thing", issued by Excello Records made the Top 40 on the R&B chart. "I Went Off and Cried" may be his best-remembered recording, next to "A Knife and a Fork". A cover version of "A Knife and a Fork" was recorded by Rockpile for the 1980 album Seconds of Pleasure. A dependency on heroin started to affect his work by 1970, Excello cancelled his recording contract, he continued to record and perform in the 1970s, but a ten-year prison sentence in 1974 for possession of heroin halted his activities. He stated, "It saved my life." While in prison he formed a gospel group with other inmates, who performed under surveillance at local churches and community events.
Upon his release from prison, Anderson recorded a gospel album, before issuing more soul-based music for Ichiban Records. He revived his career as a DJ when he moved back to Anderson County, he hosted a gospel show on WRIX-FM and served as vice president of Electric City Record's gospel division. In 1996, Anderson duetted with Nappy Brown on the Best of Both Worlds joint album. Anderson died in Anderson, South Carolina, in August 2007, at the age of 69. A Dog Don't Wear No Shoes - Ichiban A Knife and a Fork - Ichiban "I Wanna Be the Only One" / "The Home Fires Are Brighter After All", Vee Jay "I Wanna Be the Only One" / Making Tracks", Derrick Records "Oh My Linda" / "'Til Your Love is Mine, Sharp Records "I Feel Good" / "I Will Cry", Everlast Records "That's When the Crying Begins" / "I Done You Wrong", ABC Records "I Can't" / "I'll Get Along", Tomorrow Records "Tell Her I Love Her" / "Woman How Do You Make Me Love You Like I Do", Checker Records "I Get Carried Away" / "Here I Am, Try Me", Tomorrow Records "If That Don't Make You Cry" / "Without a Woman", Checker "Take It Like a Man" / "A Knife and a Fork", Checker "Blue Moon" / "Unchained Melody", Concord "You'll Lose a Good Thing" / "I'm Out of Love", Excello Records "Letter From my Darling" / "Watch You Work it Out", Excello "That's All I Can Do" / "I Went Off and Cried", Excello "Frozen Heart" / "Abide in Me", Eydie "Jesus Sings with Me" / "Jesus Sings with Me", Lorna "I Could'a Been Sleepin'" / "He Never Left Me Alone", Lorna "Your Sweetness Is My Weakness" / "A Dog Don't Wear No Shoes", Ichiban List of soul-blues musicians Fan website