The Tone River is a river in the Kantō region of Japan. It has a drainage area of 16,840 square kilometers, it is nicknamed Bandō Tarō. It is regarded as one of the "Three Greatest Rivers" of Japan, the others being the Yoshino in Shikoku and the Chikugo in Kyūshū; the source of the Tone River is at Mount Ōminakami in the Echigo Mountains, which straddle the border between Gunma and Niigata Prefectures in Jōshin'etsu Kōgen National Park. The Tone gathers tributaries and pours into the Pacific Ocean at Cape Inubō, Choshi in Chiba Prefecture. Major tributaries of the Tone River include the Agatsuma, Kinu and the Kokai; the Edo River flows into Tokyo Bay. The Tone River was once known for its uncontrollable nature, its route changed whenever floods occurred, it is hard to trace its ancient route, but it flowed into Tokyo Bay along the route of the present-day Edo River, tributaries like the Watarase and Kinu had independent river systems. For the sake of water transportation and flood control, extensive construction began in the 17th century during the Tokugawa shogunate, when the Kantō region became the political center of Japan.
The course of the river was changed, the present route of the river was determined during the Meiji period, with the assistance of Dutch civil engineer Anthonie Rouwenhorst Mulder. Its vast watershed is thus artificial. Two ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy were named after the river, one of World War I vintage and another from World War II, the lead ship of its class; as a result of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster radioactive cesium concentrations of 110 becquerels per kilogram were found in silver crucian carp fish caught in the Tone River in April 2012. The river is 180 kilometres from the Fukushima Daiichi Plant. Six fishery cooperatives and 10 towns along the river were asked to stop all shipments of fish caught in the Tone; the Tone River was an indispensable inland water link between the capitol at Edo, Tokyo, to the Pacific Ocean. It carried not only local products like soy sauce from Choshi, but products from the Tōhoku region, in order to save time and to avoid risk in the open sea.
With the advent of the railway in the 19th century major shipping on the Tone declined, inland ports such as Noda, now part of Noda and Sawara, now part of Katori diminished in importance. Today the river has several dams that supply water for more than 30 million inhabitants of metropolitan Tokyo and large-scale industrial areas such as the Keiyō Industrial Zone; the Minakami onsen area in Gunma Prefecture is near the source for the Tone River and during the Spring snow melt period, April - June, the river provides consistent grade 4 rapids over a 12 kilometers stretch. The river provides some of the best white water kayaking in Japan; the snow melt swells the river to grade 4 in spring. The Momijikyo section has 7 grade 3-4 rapids for 1 kilometer and is 12 kilometers long in total
Japan National Route 16
National Route 16 is a national highway in Japan. A beltway around Tokyo, it links the major prefectural capital cities of Yokohama and Chiba as well as Hachiōji, it serves Yokosuka and Sagamihara and Kisarazu. The total length is 241 km. Along with the Ken-Ō Expressway, Route 16 connects the entire length of the Technology Advanced Metropolitan Area Network region - an inland industrial area covering an area of 3000 km2, covering 74 municipalities and home to over 10 million people of whom 4 million work in the TAMA Network firms. In 1998 goods shipped from TAMA had twice the shipment value of the Silicon Valley. Length: 241 km Origin and Terminus: Nishi-ku, Yokohama Major cities: Yokosuka, Hachioji, Saitama, Kashiwa and Kisarazu
Kuki is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 151,896, a population density of 1840 persons per km², its total area is 82.41 square kilometres. Kuki is located in northeastern Saitama Prefecture 50 kilometers from downtown Tokyo in the alluvial plains of the Tone River. Saitama Prefecture Kazo Satte Okegawa Kōnosu Hasuda Shiraoka Sugito Miyashiro Ibaraki Prefecture Koga Goka The modern town of Kuki was created within Minamisaitama District, Saitama with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. On July 1, 1954, Kuki merged with the neighboring villages of Ota and Kiyoku. Kuki was elevated to city status on October 1, 1971. On March 23, 2010, Kuki absorbed the town of Shōbu, the towns of Kurihashi and Washimiya. Kuki remains an agricultural area, with rice as the predominant crop; the city has three industrial parks. Kuki has 11 middle schools and five high schools. Tokyo University of Science has a campus at Kuki.
JR East - Utsunomiya Line, Kuki – Higashi-Washinomiya – Kurihashi Tobu Railway - Tobu Isesaki Line Kuki – Washinomiya Tobu Railway - Tōbu Nikkō Line Kurihashi – Minami-Kurihashi Tōhoku Expressway – Kuki IC Ken-Ō Expressway Japan National Route 4 Japan National Route 122 Japan National Route 125 The city is famous as the setting of anime series Lucky Star and The Fruit of Grisaia, bringing thousands of anime tourists to see Washinomiya Shrine each year. - Roseburg, Oregon, USA Official Website
Morioka is the capital city of Iwate Prefecture located in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 October 2016, the city had an estimated population of 296,739, a population density of 335 persons per km2; the total area of the city is 886.47 square kilometres. Morioka is located in the Kitakami Basin in central Iwate Prefecture, at the confluence of three rivers, the Kitakami, the Shizukuishi and the Nakatsu; the Kitakami River is the second largest river on the Pacific side of Japan and the longest in the Tōhoku region. It runs through the city from north to south and has a number of dams within the city boundaries, including the Shijūshida Dam and Gandō Dam. An active volcano, Mount Iwate, dominates the view to the northwest of the city. Mount Himekami is to the north and Mount Hayachine can sometimes be seen to the southeast. Iwate Prefecture Hanamaki Hachimantai Takizawa Miyako Shizukuishi Kuzumaki Shiwa Yahaba Iwaizumi Per Japanese census data, the population of Morioka peaked at around the year 2000, but has declined since.
Morioka has a humid continental climate. The area of present-day Morioka has been continuously inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period. Numerous Jōmon and Kofun period tombs and remains have been found; the Emishi inhabited the area into the Heian period. During the Enryaku era of the Heian period, Sakanoue no Tamuramaro, was ordered north to Shiwa Castle in 803 AD, as a military center to extend the domination of the Yamato dynasty over Mutsu Province; the area was ruled by the Abe clan until their destruction during the Former Nine Years War at the hands of the Minamoto and Kiyohara clans. The Kiyohara were in turn defeated in the Gosannen War and the area came under the control of the Ōshū Fujiwara Clan based in Hiraizumi, to the south of Morioka. After the Ōshū Fujiwara were destroyed by Minamoto no Yoritomo at the start of the Kamakura period, the area was disputed by several samurai clans until the Nanbu clan, based in Sannohe to the north, expanded their territory during the Sengoku period and built Kozukata Castle in 1592.
Following the Battle of Sekigahara and the formal recognition of Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate, Kozukata Castle was renamed Morioka Castle. Its name was changed from 森岡 to 盛岡 During the Boshin War of the Meiji Restoration, Morioka Domain was a key member of the pro-Tokugawa Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei. After the start of the Meiji period, former Morioka Domain became Morioka Prefecture in 1870, part of Iwate Prefecture from 1872. With the establishment of the municipality system in 1889, the city of Morioka was established and made the capital of Iwate Prefecture; the city was connected by train to Tokyo in 1890. The city emerged from World War II with little damage, having been subject to only two minor air raids during the war. On January 10, 2006, the village of Tamayama was merged into Morioka. Morioka was proclaimed a core city in 2008, with increased local autonomy. During the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake, Morioka was hit by a 6.1 earthquake, numerous aftershocks, but with little damage other than extensive power outages.
Morioka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members. Iwate University Iwate Medical University Morioka has eight public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. Morioka First High School Morioka Second High School Morioka Third High School Morioka Fourth High School Morioka South High School Morioka Agricultural High School Morioka Industrial High School Morioka Commercial High SchoolThere is one public high school operated by the city government and ten private high schools East Japan Railway Company – Tōhoku Shinkansen Morioka Station East Japan Railway Company - Tōhoku Main Line Iwate-Iioka - Senbokuchō - Morioka East Japan Railway Company - Tazawako Line Morioka East Japan Railway Company - Yamada Line Morioka - Kamimorioka - Yamagishi - Kamiyonai - Ōshida - Asagishi East Japan Railway Company - Hanawa Line Morioka - Kōma Iwate Galaxy Railway Line Morioka – Aoyama – Kuriyagawa – Shibutami – Kōma Tōhoku Expressway – Morioka-Minami IC, Morioka IC National Route 4 National Route 46 National Route 106 National Route 281 National Route 282 National Route 396 National Route 455 National Route 456 The Iwate Museum of Art in Morioka displays works by three notable local artists, Tetsugoro Yorozu, Shunsuke Matsumoto and Yasutake Funakoshi, as well as holding exhibitions on national and international themes.
Rock-Breaking Cherry Tree - designated a natural monument of Japan. Iwate Athletic Stadium Morioka Racecourse Grulla Morioka, football team Hoon-ji is a Sōtō Zen Buddhist temple, built at Sannohe by the 13th lord of the Nambu clan, Nambu Moriyuki, in 1394, brought to Morioka by the 27th lord, Nambu Toshinao, it was considered the head temple among the 280 operated by the Nambu clan. A notable feature is the Rakan-dō, built in 1735 and rebuilt in 1858, its central statue Rushana butsu is reported to be made by Kōbō-daishi. Within the Rakan-dō are statues of the 500 Rakan, which were made in Kyoto and brought to Morioka. Included are representations of Marco Polo, it is an active Zen training temple for monks. Mitsuishi is a Shinto shrine which has three large rocks on the grounds with shackles around them to represent the story of'Oni no tegata', a legend explaining the origin of the name of Iwate prefecture. According to the legend, there was once an Oni or demon who tormented and harassed the local people.
When the people prayed to the spirit of Mitsuishi for protection, the
Ninohe is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, Japan. As of 28 February 2017, the city had an estimated population of 27,947, a population density of 66.47 persons per km2 in 11,865 households. The total area of the city is 420.42 square kilometres. Ninohe is located in far north-center Iwate Prefecture, bordered by Aomori Prefecture to the north; the northern end of the Kitakami Mountains, the 852.2 meter Mount Oritsume is in Ninohe. 70% of the city area is mountainous and forested. The upper reaches of the Mabechi River flows through the city. A portion of the city is within the borders of the Oritsume Basenkyō Prefectural Natural Park. Aomori Prefecture Nanbu Sannohe Takko Iwate Prefecture Hachimantai Kunohe Karumai Ichinohe Ninohe has a humid continental climate characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall; the average annual temperature in Ninohe is 9.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1248 mm with September as the wettest month and February as the driest month; the temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.0 °C, lowest in January, at around -2.4 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Ninohe has declined over the past 40 years. The area of present-day Ninohe was part of ancient Mutsu Province, has been settled since at least the Jōmon period. Many Jōmon and Kofun period remains have been found. Inhabited by the Emishi tribes, the Nihon Shoki describes the penetration of the area by forces of the Yamato dynasty in the Nara period; the area was dominated by the Nanbu clan from the early Muromachi period, was named for one of the nine numbered stockades, or fortified ranches, that established to secure this frontier area. During the Edo period, the area was under the control of Morioka Domain. In the early Meiji period, the town of Fukuoka and the villages of Jōbōji, Gohenchi, Tomai and Nisattai were established within Ninohe District on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. Jōbōji was elevated to town status on December 25, 1940. Gohenchi, Tomai and Nisattai merged with Fukuoka on March 10, 1955; the modern city was founded on April 1, 1972, with the merger of the town of Fukuoka with the village of Kindaichi.
On January 1, 2006, the city of Ninohe annexed the town of Jōbōji. Ninohe has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members; the local economy of Ninohe is based on food processing. Local produce hops. Ninohe has eight public elementary schools and four middle schools operated by the city government, two public high schools operated by the Iwate Prefectural Board of Education. There is a prefectural vocational school, a special education school operated by the prefectural government. East Japan Railway Company – Tōhoku Shinkansen Ninohe Iwate Ginga Railway Line Ninohe - Tomai - Kintaichi-Onsen Hachinohe Expressway – Jōbōji IC Japan National Route 4 Japan National Route 395 Site of Kunohe Castle, a National Historic Site Kindaichi Onsen, a popular hot spring resort Tendai-ji temple, founded in the Nara period Tanakadate Aikitsu, scientist Media related to Ninohe, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons Official Website
Kōriyama is a city in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2018, the city has an estimated population of 333,108 people in 140,913 households, a population density of 435 persons per km²; the total area of the city is 757.20 square kilometres. Kōriyama is designated as functions as a commercial center for Fukushima Prefecture. Kōriyama is the second largest conurbation in the Tōhoku region. Kōriyama is located in the center of the Nakadōri region of Fukushima Prefecture in the Tōhoku region of Japan; the Adatara Mountains are to the north, Lake Inawashiro is to the west, the Abukuma highlands are to the east. The Abukuma River flows through downtown Kōriyama; the downtown area extends to the west of Kōriyama Station. Per Japanese census data, the population of Kōriyama has increased over the past 40 years. Kōriyama has a humid continental climate characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall; the average annual temperature in Kōriyama is 11.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1216 mm with September as the wettest month.
The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.0 °C, lowest in January, at around 0.1 °C. Kōriyama originated as a regional governmental center in the Nara period, when the area was on the frontier of Yamato settlement of the Tōhoku region; the surrounding area developed into shōen controlled by various samurai clans in the Heian and Kamakura periods. Nearby centers, such as Nihonmatsu developed into castle towns, Kōriyama remained as a commercial center and thrived as a post town because of its importance as a traffic focal point into the Edo period and was part of the territory of Nihonmatsu Domain. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the town of Kōriyama was established within Asaka District. In the early Meiji period, many dispossessed samurai were assigned undeveloped lands in the area to reclaim and as a result, the population grew and region developed into an agricultural center; the relative abundance of hydroelectric power helped with the development of local industry.
Kōriyama was raised from town to city status on September 1, 1924 with the annexation of neighboring Odawara Village. Kuwano Village was annexed on June 1, 1925. During the 1930s, Kōriyama was noted a center for military equipment production, it was thus a target for American bombers during World War II, the city was subject to three large-scale air raids during the war. From 1954-1955, Kōriyama expanded by annexing the town of Otsuki and portions of the villages of Tomita and Iwae, in 1965 annexed the villages of Nishida and Nakata. In 1997, the city received core city designation, giving it increased autonomy from national and prefectural governments. On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake caused damage, but Kōriyama is located outside of the mandatory evacuation zone set by the Japanese government after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Many people from the evacuation zone relocated to Kōriyama. Kōriyama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 38 members.
The city contributes nine members to the Fukushima Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, Kōriyama is part of the Fukushima 2nd Electoral District, which includes neighbouring Nihonmatsu and Adachi District. Sources: Kōriyama city is called the "commercial capital in Fukushima" and the economic bloc is the biggest in Fukushima Prefecture. There are many department shops in the area around Kōriyama Station. Principal companies headquartered in KoriyamaXEBIO. Kōriyama Station is the central station for the city. However, Kōriyama does not have an airport. JR East - Tōhoku Shinkansen Kōriyama JR East - Tōhoku Main Line Asaka-Nagamori - Kōriyama - Hiwada JR East - East Ban'etsu Line Kōriyama - Mōgi JR East - West Ban'etsu Line Kōriyama - Kōriyamatomita - Kikuta - Akogashima] - Bandai-Atami - Nakayamajuku JR East - Suigun Line Kōriyama - Asaka-Nagamori - Yatagawa - Iwaki-Moriyama Tōhoku Expressway - Asaka PA - Kōriyama-minami IC - Kōriyama IC - Kōriyama JCT Ban-etsu Expressway - Kōriyama-higashi IC - Kōriyama JCT - Gohyakugawa PA - Bandai-Atami IC National Route 4 National Route 49 National Route 228 National Route 294 Fukushima Central Television Fukushima Broadcasting CATY Information Network Kōriyama FM Fukushima Fukushima Mimpō Fukushima Minyū Kahoku Shinpō Nihon University, Faculty of Engineering Ohu University Kōriyama Women's University & Colleges Kōriyama Women's University Junior College Open University of Japan, Fukushima Learning Center Kōriyama has ten public high schools operated by the Fukushima Prefectural Board of Education and six private high schools Public Asaka High School Asaka Mitate Branch High School Asaka Reimei High School Kōriyama High School Kōriyama Higashi High School Kōriyama Shōgyō High School Kōriyama Kita Kōgyō High School Asaka Kaisei High School Konan High School Kōriyama Hōsei High SchoolPrivateTohoku High School of Nihon University Shōshi Gakuen Shōshi High School Teikyō Asaka High School High School affiliated with Kōriyama Women's Colleges Fukushima Korean School - North Korean international school Takeshi Honda - Figure skater Toru Iwaya - Mezzotint engraver, painter Miki Nagasawa -