Jarl Lage Kulle was a Swedish film and stage actor and director, father of Maria Kulle. Kulle was born in the village of Truedstorp, outside Ekeby and was the son of the merchant Nils Kulle and Mia Bergendahl. Kulle was one of the leading Swedish stage actors of his generation and appeared in TV productions, at the Royal Dramatic Theatre of Stockholm as well as in a number of films, several of these directed by Ingmar Bergman. Taking on many star parts of the classical and modern repertory, appearing in contemporary TV drama and musicals and armed with remarkable gifts for both comedy, romantic drama and declamatory but controlled pathos, he was one of Sweden's most loved modern actors. In 1965 he won the award for Best Actor for his role in Swedish Wedding Night at the 2nd Guldbagge Awards, he won his second Guldbagge Best Actor award for Fanny and Alexander at the 19th Guldbagge Awards in 1983. In 1960, Kulle married Louise Hermelin, daughter of cavalry captain, Baron Carl-Magnus Hermelin and Ann-Marie Sourander.
They divorced in 1968. In 1976, Kulle married the actress Anne Nord. Kulle died in Sweden in 1997 of bone cancer. Jarl Kulle on IMDb Jarl Kulle at the Swedish Film Database Jarl Kulle at the Internet Broadway Database Jarl Kulle at Find a Grave
Birger Jarl, or Birger Magnusson, was a Swedish statesman, Jarl of Sweden and a member of the House of Bjelbo, who played a pivotal role in the consolidation of Sweden. Birger led the Second Swedish Crusade, which established Swedish rule in Finland. Additionally, he is traditionally attributed to have founded the Swedish capital, Stockholm around 1250. Birger used the Latin title of Dux Sweorum which in English equals Duke of Sweden, the design of his coronet combined those used by continental European and English dukes, it is known that Birger grew up and spent his adolescence in Bjälbo, Östergötland but the exact date of his birth remains uncertain and available historical sources are contradictory. Examinations of his mortal remains indicate that he was about 50 upon his death in 1266 which would indicate a birth around 1216. However, his father Magnus Minnesköld is assumed to have died no than 1210, which would lead to an assumed birth a few years earlier. Under any circumstance, he was the son of Ingrid Ylva, who according to Olaus Petri was a daughter of Sune Sik and granddaughter of King Sverker I of Sweden, which would make Birger a matrilineal member of the House of Sverker.
His brothers or half-brothers — Eskil and Bengt — were all born long before 1200, it can therefore be assumed that they had another mother. He was a nephew of the jarl Birger Brosa from the House of Bjelbo; the combination of this background proved to be of vital importance. Birger, thus most born at the time for the Battle of Gestilren in 1210 and named after his uncle Birger Brosa, one of the most potent men of the era who died in 1202, started his career in the mid-1230s by marrying Ingeborg Eriksdotter, the sister of King Eric XI of Sweden according to the Eric Chronicles in fierce rivalry with other suitors. During the 15 years to follow, Birger consolidated his position and was one of the most influential men years before being formally given the title jarl in 1248 by King Eric XI. Birger was claimed to have been responsible for a military campaign against the Novgorod Republic that Russians claim ended in a defeat by Alexander Nevsky during a battle the Russians refer to as Neva Battle in 1240.
While Swedish, Finnish and other sources have no information on the battle at all, a 16th-century Russian legend tells that the Swedish "king" was wounded in the face while dueling against Prince Alexander Nevsky himself. Although Birger Jarl saw many battles, some have speculated that traces of a sword blow in Birger's cranium might have originated from this battle. However, the original 14th-century Russian version of the battle had no information on this at all; when the papal diplomat William of Modena visited present Sweden around 1248, he urged the Swedish kings to fulfill the rules of the Catholic Church, an exhortation which Birger seems to have taken as a chance to strengthen his position by taking the side of the church against other members of his family. This was a choice of historical importance as it was to make Birger a jarl powerful enough to wind up the office, thus making him the last Swedish jarl even called as the "first true king of Sweden" by historians; as this happened during an era when the inherited concept Folkung became more of a political party, it meant Swedish magnates lost most of their influence which paved the way for a consolidated Swedish kingdom supported by the Pope.
In 1247, royal troops led by Birger at the Battle of Sparrsätra fought with Folkung forces led by pretender Holmger Knutsson, son of King Canute II. The Folkungs were unable to resist the central government and its taxes. Holmger Knutsson was captured there by Birger in the following year. Brought to trial, he was beheaded. In 1249, Birger succeeded in ending a decades-long period of hostilities with Norway; as a part of the Treaty of Lödöse, he managed to marry off his daughter Rikissa only 11 years old, to Haakon Haakonsson the Young, the eldest son of King Haakon IV of Norway. That year, Birger led an expedition to Finland dubbed as the Second Swedish Crusade, which permanently established the Swedish rule in Finland. On King Eric's death in 1250, Birger's son Valdemar was elected as the new king while Birger acted as regent, holding the true power in Sweden until his death. In 1252, a year after another victory over the folkungs at the Battle of Herrevadsbro, Birger wrote two dated letters, the first mention of Stockholm interpreted as the foundation of the city or at least some sort of special interest in the location.
Neither of the letters give a description of the location and while archaeological traces of older defensive structures have been found there, what did exist on the premises before the mid 13th century remains debated. It has been suggested Birger chose the location for several reasons: Partly to curb domestic magnates by isolating them with a "lock of Lake Mälaren", offering a defense to the lands around Mälaren from invading enemies in the process. While Birger's direct involvement in the foundation of the city remains speculative, it was no accident it was founded on the location at this time, as there were alternative passages into Mälaren during the preceding Viking Era.
Jarl André Storbæk
Jarl-André Storbæk is a retired Norwegian footballer who played as a defender, current football coach without job. Between 2005 and 2008, he was capped 17 times for the Norwegian national team. Storbæk has played for Tippeligaen clubs HamKam and Vålerenga, Panetolikos at the second tier in Greece, SønderjyskE in the Danish Superliga, his cousin, Håvard Storbæk, is a footballer and has played for Odd Grenland and FK Haugesund. Storbæk grew up in Ljørdalen, 50 km outside Trysil. After playing for Østre Trysil during his youth, Storbæk first club was the local Nybergsund. After playing for Raufoss in the First Division from 2000 to 2003, Storbæk joined the Tippeligaen side HamKam ahead of the 2004 season. Half-way through the 2005 season, Vålerenga was looking for a left back and made an 3 million kr offer for Storbæk. HamKam, who were struggling against relegation, rejected the offer, their coach, Ståle Solbakken, stated that 6 million kr would be a suitable price for Storbæk. Vålerenga instead signed Tommy Stenersen from Stabæk.
The two clubs agreed on a transfer for Storbæk after the season, he signed a four-year deal with Vålerenga on 14 November 2005. According to the newspaper Østlendingen, the transfer fee for Storbæk was around 5 million kr. Storbæk played; the next season, Storbæk scored the equalizing goal on a penalty kick in the 1–1 draw against his old club HamKam. He played for Vålerenga from 2006 to 2009, played a total of 99 matches and scored nine goals. Storbæk's contract with Vålerenga ended after the 2009-season, he didn't want to sign a new deal with the club as he wanted to try playing abroad. In February 2010, Storbæk signed a short-term contract with the Greek second tier club Panetolikos till the end of the 2009–10 season. Storbæk joined the Danish club SønderjyskE in June 2010, as a replacement for Sölvi Ottesen who had transferred to F. C. Copenhagen. Storbæk played 68 matches in the Danish Superliga before he moved back to Norway and joined Strømsgodset in August 2012. Strømsgodset's coach Ronny Deila praised Storbæk as a "long-term signing" and believed that the 33-year-old would help Godset both in the race for the 2012 Tippeligaen-title and in the next few seasons.
Storbæk made his debut for Strømsgodset in the 1–1 draw against Sogndal on 2 September 2012. Deila made Storbæk captain in his first match, due to the absence of Alexander Aas and Adam Larsen Kwarasey. From 2005 to 2008, Storbæk played. After retiring at the end of 2016, Storbæk became the head coach of the club he just left, Nybergsund IL; the club announced, that they didn't wanted to be a player-coach as he wanted, so he retired at this point. He had been a player-assistant at the club until he retired. In the 2018 season, Nybergsund was relegated to the 3rd Division and Storbæk got sacked. After the sacking, Storbæk sued the club due to lack of outstanding holiday pay; as of 5 October 2014 VålerengaNorwegian Football Cup: 2008StrømsgodsetTippeligaen: 2013 Jarl André Storbæk at National-Football-Teams.com "Jarl André Storbæk". Norsk & Internasjonal Fotballstatistikk. Bergensavisen. Retrieved 7 April 2009
Jarl-Thure Eriksson is Doctor of Science in Technology, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Rector of Tampere University of Technology in Finland between the years 1997–2008. During Eriksson's period as rector, the University expanded vigorously and its scientific publishing activity amplified. Due to his scientific merits, Eriksson has been a member of the Finnish Academy of Technology since 1989 and of the Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in Finland since 1997, his most significant position of trust outside the University is membership in the Governing Board of the Millennium Prize Foundation since 2003. He is Chancellor of Åbo Akademi University in Turku, Finland. Eriksson studied electrical engineering at Helsinki University of Technology. In the 1970s, he worked as researcher at TKK's Low Temperature Laboratory, led by Academy professor Olli Lounasmaa, his research area was superconductivity-based electromagnetic applications superconducting electric machines. Applications of this research include Finland's large ice-breakers in the 1970s.
In his licentiate thesis in 1976, Eriksson discussed the general design principles of superconducting electric motors and presented a solution to a key problem, namely the transfer of high electric currents between the stator and rotor, a tentative design for a superconducting motor. The design was implemented in a joint project by TKK and the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland between the years 1977-1979; the 100-kilowatt motor SUMO was fourth in the world. Due to its current transfer solution, the motor had a wide speed regulation range, a key aim in ice-breaker propulsion. In his doctoral dissertation, examined in 1982 at TKK, Eriksson discussed the current transfer system of the SUMO motor, whirl and instability phenomena in the turbulent flow of liquid metals. Eriksson worked as associate professor at TKK in 1979. A year he transferred to the same position to TUT. In 1987, he was appointed full professor at TUT by invitation. Eriksson continued superconductivity research in Tampere, with an aim of utilizing superconductivity in energy technology.
In the late 1980s, Eriksson established a development programme related to wind generators, which lead to the construction of a prototype generator based on permanent magnets. Wind power research has yielded several doctoral dissertations at TUT. Between the years 1985-86, Eriksson worked as visiting professor at KTH in Stockholm and launched a hybrid car project in cooperation with ASEA; the first step of the project was the development of a gas turbine operated high-speed generator by researchers Peter Chudi and Anders Malmquist under the direction of Eriksson. During a further stage of the project, the combination was installed in Volvo's ECC hybrid car, introduced in the early 1990s. Energy research directed Eriksson's attention to future studies. Prior to his election as rector, Eriksson's positions included chairmanship in the Finnish Society for Future Studies; as the subject matter required better understanding of extensive systems, Eriksson generated a series of lectures on complex and chaotic systems and the modelling of emergent growth systems.
His research focus shifted to the pragmatic interpretations of chaos theory and the utilization of neural network calculation in foresight tasks, such as the optimized control of a wind power plant based on wind forecast or the utilization of the brain's alpha wave in predicting epileptic attacks. In Eriksson's view, the understanding and modelling of complex systems required better understanding of the human mental functions. In his article “Impact of information compression on intellectual activities in the brain” in 1996 Eriksson presented an information theory based model for cognition. According to the model, humans perceive the real world through the representations of neural networks that are formed by cumulating experiences and learning processes; when brain functions are active, the cerebral cortex processes large volumes of information. Conscious thought is a result of a massive information compression process, which originates from external sensations, such as sight and hearing, or from internal thoughts or associations, is governed by the context and the emotional state.
The condensation of relevant information, which takes place in the subconscious, generates instructions for reactions as well as new cognitive input for the cortex. A conscious thought itself should be considered as the control feedback of what the subconscious has determined. A 50 kW homopolar motor with superconducting field windings, IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, MAG-17, Nr 1, 1981, pp. 900–903. Co-authors: A. Arkkio, P. Berglund, J. Luomi, M. Savelainen. Superconducting homopolar machinery: Liquid metal current collection and design principles. Acta Polytechnica Scandinavica, El. Eng. Series Nr 48, 1982, p. 184. Conditioning of the MHD generator electrical output. Proc. of the 8th Int. Conf. on MHD Electrical Power Generation, Moscow, 1983, pp. 238–243. Co-author P. J. Simola. Direct propulsion of blue water vessels. IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, MAG-23, Nr 2, 1987, pp. 2584–2586. Co-authors: L. Kettunen, A. Pohjavirta. Superconducting wiggler magnets. 2nd Nordic Symposium on Superconductivity, Röros 1991.
Published in Superconducting Technology. World Scientific Publishing Co. pp. 175–184. Co-author: R. Mikkonen. Intergrain flux creep in high-Tc superconductors. Physical Review B, Vol. 48, Nr 13, 1993. Pp. 9873–9876. Co-author: J. Paasi. Order versus disorder - philosophical implications on computability and modelling of complex systems. Proc. of the 1993 International Symposium on non-linear theory an
An earl is a member of the nobility. The title is Anglo-Saxon in origin, akin to the Scandinavian form jarl, meant "chieftain" a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it was replaced by duke. In medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count. However, earlier in Scandinavia, jarl could mean a sovereign prince. For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had the title of jarl and in many cases they had no less power than their neighbours who had the title of king. Alternative names for the rank equivalent to "earl/count" in the nobility structure are used in other countries, such as the hakushaku of the post-restoration Japanese Imperial era. In modern Britain, an earl is a member of the peerage, ranking below a marquess and above a viscount. A feminine form of earl never developed; the term earl has been compared to the name of the Heruli, to runic erilaz. Proto-Norse eril, or the Old Norse jarl, came to signify the rank of a leader.
The Norman-derived equivalent count was not introduced following the Norman conquest of England though countess was and is used for the female title. Geoffrey Hughes writes, "It is a speculation that the Norman French title'Count' was abandoned in England in favour of the Germanic'Earl' because of the uncomfortable phonetic proximity to cunt". In the other languages of Britain and Ireland, the term is translated as: Welsh iarll and Scottish Gaelic iarla, Scots yarl or yerl, Cornish yurl. An earl has the title Earl of when the title originates from a placename, or Earl when the title comes from a surname. In either case, he is referred to as Lord, his wife as Lady. A countess who holds an earldom in her own right uses Lady, but her husband does not have a title; the eldest son of an earl, though not himself a peer, is entitled to use a courtesy title the highest of his father's lesser titles, for instance the eldest son of The Earl Of Wessex is styled as James, Viscount Severn. Younger sons are styled The Honourable, daughters, The Lady.
In the peerage of Scotland, when there are no courtesy titles involved, the heir to an earldom, indeed any level of peerage, is styled Master of, successive sons as younger of. In Anglo-Saxon England, earls had authority over their own regions and right of judgment in provincial courts, as delegated by the king, they collected fines and taxes and in return received a "third penny", one-third of the money they collected. In wartime they led the king's armies; some shires were grouped together into larger units known as earldoms, headed by an ealdorman or earl. Under Edward the Confessor earldoms like Wessex, East Anglia and Northumbria—names that represented earlier independent kingdoms—were much larger than any shire. Earls functioned as royal governors. Though the title of Earl was nominally equal to the continental duke, unlike them, earls were not de facto rulers in their own right. After the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror tried to rule England using the traditional system but modified it to his own liking.
Shires became the largest secular subdivision in England and earldoms disappeared. The Normans did create new earls like those of Herefordshire and Cheshire but they were associated with only a single shire at most, their power and regional jurisdiction was limited to that of the Norman counts. There was no longer any administrative layer larger than the shire, shires became "counties". Earls no longer aided in tax collection or made decisions in country courts and their numbers were small. King Stephen increased the number of earls to reward those loyal to him in his war with his cousin Empress Matilda, he gave some earls the right to hold royal castles or control the sheriff and soon other earls assumed these rights themselves. By the end of his reign, some earls held courts of their own and minted their own coins, against the wishes of the king, it fell to Stephen's successor Henry II to again curtail the power of earls. He took back the control of royal castles and demolished castles that earls had built for themselves.
He did not create new earldoms. No earl was allowed to remain independent of royal control; the English kings had found it dangerous to give additional power to an powerful aristocracy, so sheriffs assumed the governing role. The details of this transition remain obscure, since earls in more peripheral areas, such as the Scottish Marches and Welsh Marches and Cornwall, retained some viceregal powers long after other earls had lost them; the loosening of central authority during the Anarchy complicates any smooth description of the changeover. By the 13th century, earls had a social rank just below the king and princes, but were not more powerful or wealthier than other noblemen; the only way to become an earl was to inherit the title or marry into one—and the king reserved a right to prevent the transfer of the title. By the 14th century, creating an earl included a special public ceremony where the king tied a sword belt around the waist of the new earl, emphasizing the fact that the earl's rights came from him.
Earls still held influence and, as "companions of the king", were regarded as supporters of the king's power. They showed that power for the first time in 1327 when they deposed Edward II, they would do th
Sofia Jarl is a Swedish politician. She is a member of the Centre Party; this article was translated from the Swedish Wikipedia article
Stefan Jarl is a Swedish film director best known for his documentaries. He made the Mods Trilogy, three films which follow a group of alienated people in Stockholm from the 1960s to the 1990s, They Call Us Misfits, A Respectable Life and Det sociala arvet. A Respectable Life won the 1979 Guldbagge Awards for Best Director. Jarl wrote and directed Jag är din krigare, directed Terrorists: The Kids They Sentenced, The Girl From Auschwitz, Submission, a documentary about the "chemical burden" of synthetics and plastics carried by people born after World War II. At the 25th Guldbagge Awards in 1990 he won the Creative Achievement award, they Call Us Misfits A Respectable Life Det sociala arvet Jag är din krigare Terrorists: The Kids They Sentenced Submission Stefan Jarl on IMDb Stefan Jarl at the Swedish Film Database Stefan Jarl's homepage /