Gavin Turk is a British artist, is considered to be one of the Young British Artists. Turk's oeuvre deals with issues of authenticity and identity, engaged with modernist and avant-garde debates surrounding the'myth' of the artist and the'authorship' of a work of art. Turk studied at Chelsea School of Art from 1986 to 1989, at the Royal College of Art from 1989 to 1991. In 1991, tutors at the Royal College of Art refused to present Gavin Turk with his postgraduate degree, a decision based on his graduation exhibition. Titled Cave, it consisted of a whitewashed studio space, containing a blue heritage plaque commemorating his own presence as a sculptor, stating "Gavin Turk worked here, 1989–1991"; this bestowed some instant notoriety on Turk, whose work was collected by numerous collectors including Charles Saatchi, who exhibited Turk's work in the exhibition Sensation, which toured London and New York. Turk attended the private view of the Sensation exhibition at the Royal Academy, dressed as a down-and-out He has subsequently produced an extensive body of work, which purports to question the value and integrity of a hermetic artistic identity.
Turk's wide ranging practice incorporates iconic images of figures taken from popular culture and art historical sources. A series of detailed life-sized waxworks, incorporating the artists own appearance, features the artist assuming various poses as different characters, including Sid Vicious, Jean-Paul Marat and the Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara. Turk's most famous work in this series, Pop is a waxwork of Turk as Sid Vicious; the work appropriates the stance of Andy Warhol's screen print of Elvis Presley. In the work, the right hand is pointing a gun, a motif which recurs in other works in the series, such as Bum. Turk has appropriated recognisable elements from artists such as Jacques-Louis David, Yves Klein, Marcel Duchamp, Andy Warhol, René Magritte, Alighiero Boetti, Robert Morris and Jasper Johns. From 2005 Turk began producing a small number of silkscreen works on canvas, depicting himself as Elvis Presley, in a pose taken from the paintings by Andy Warhol of the same subject from the 1960s, such as Warhol's Triple Elvis.
Turk applied diamond dust to some of the Elvis works made from diamanté applied to silkscreened canvas in vibrant pop colours, which sparkles in direct light. Warhol was one of the first artists to use diamond dust in his artworks. Examples of Turk's Elvis series are Diamond Yellow Elvis, 2005 and Diamond Pink Elvis, 2005. A set of what appeared to be classic posters of Che Guevara in a beret, again revealed themselves on further scrutiny to be photos of Turk himself. Turk alleged that the management of London's Millennium Dome refused to display his Che Gavara sculpture, for fear of offending arms-manufacturing Dome sponsor BAe/Marconi. A series of three-dimensional Trompe-l'œil works includes objects cast into bronze, painted to give the appearance of the original object, his most revered works, these include bronze sculptures of plastic rubbish bags, see "Bag". Other sculptures include "Nomad", a bronze cast of a sleeping bag, Box, which resembles a cardboard box. Turk is the leading exponent of the painted bronze, has cast objects from spent matches to worn paving slabs to discarded vehicle exhaust pipes.
In December 2009, Turk took part in the "Bricks" exhibition at Area 10 in Peckham in Southeast London. However, the day before the exhibition was to start, organizers noticed that his piece entitled "Revolting Brick" had been stolen and replaced with a fake brick; the fake brick held the words "Thank You Have a Nice Day, Next" and was part of a set of 500, given away at the exhibition. "Revolting Brick" was number eight in a series of ten that Turk had signed. The artist stated that he "was upset but flattered" at what had happened and that the theft "raises questions about value and worth". In May 2011, Turk's first large-scale, 12-metre public sculpture was unveiled between the One New Change City mall, designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect Jean Nouvel, St Paul's Cathedral. Gavin Turk has exhibited internationally, his solo exhibitions include'L'Amour Fou', David Nolan Gallery, New York City,'Türk', Istanbul, Turkey,'Gavin & Turk', Ben Brown Gallery, London,'Jack Shit!', Brussels, Belgium,'Before The World Was Round', Galerie Krinzinger, Austria and'En Face', Galerie Almine Rech, France,'The Mirror Stage', Goodman Gallery, Cape Town, South Africa,'Burnt Out', Kunsthaus Baselland, Switzerland,'Piss Off', Galerie Krinzinger, Austria and'Negotiation of Purpose', GEM Museum for Contemporary Art, The Hague, Netherlands.
Additionally, Turk has had solo exhibitions at Sean Kelly Gallery, New York, the New Art Centre Sculpture Park and Gallery, England, the New Art Gallery in Walsall, "The Stuff Show" at South London Gallery. Recent group exhibitions include'Street', New Art gallery Walsall,'Made in Britain: Contemporary Art from the British Council Collection', Sichuan,'Deja-vu? The Art of Copying from Dürer to You Tube', Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe, Germany,'Twenty', Aurel Scheibler, Germany,'The Art of Chess', Bendigo Gallery.
City and Guilds of London Art School
Founded in 1854 as the Lambeth School of Art, the City and Guilds of London Art School is a small specialist art college located in central London, England. Founded as a government art school, it is now an independent, not-for-profit charity, is one of the country's longest established art schools, it offers courses ranging from art and design Foundation, through to BA undergraduate degrees and MA postgraduate courses in fine art and conservation. In addition, it offers the only diploma and postgraduate diploma courses in Britain in historic stone and wood carving; the Art School is housed in a row of Georgian buildings in London's Kennington district, as well as in an adjoining converted warehouse building close to the south bank of the river Thames. The City and Guilds of London Art School was founded in 1854 by the Reverend Robert Gregory under the name Lambeth School of Art, it began as a night school in rooms occupied during the day by a National School in his south London parish of St Mary the Less.
With the support of Henry Cole Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum, who supplied Gregory with teachers, the school flourished and became a leader in the provision of instruction in applied art and design to working artisans, many of whom were employed by local manufacturing firms, including Doulton's and Farmer and Brindley. The rapid expansion of the school led to the need for new premises, in 1860 Albert, Prince of Wales laid the foundation stone for new premises in Millers Lane, built on the site of the Vauxhall Gardens as part of a redevelopment that included St Peter's church; the buildings are still standing. In 1857 John Charles Lewis Sparkes started soon becoming its Headmaster. Under Sparkes City and Guilds of London Art School was at the forefront of opposition to the monopoly claimed by the Royal Academy of Arts on the teaching of fine art practices drawing from the human figure. An attempt had been made to resolve this conflict in 1852, with the introduction by the British Government of the National Course on Instruction for art and design education, in effect a national curriculum for art training.
This allowed for some elements of drawing to be taught, but within a broader curriculum that stressed the teaching of techniques to aid workers in artisan manufacturing industries rather than the training of artists. In the case of City and Guilds of London Art School it was suggested at the time that Sparkes was ignoring the National Course on Instruction and teaching his students to be fine artists in 1865, when students from the art school won three medals at the annual awards handed out by the Royal Academy of Arts, again in 1867 when its students won three out of ten of the gold medals for art awarded by the Government, along with four silver medals awarded annually by the Royal Academy of Arts, a bronze medal at the International Exposition held that year in Paris. Sparkes and his colleagues at City and Guilds of London Art School ignored the general prohibition on life drawing being taught outside the Royal Academy of Arts, the success of Sparkes's students at City and Guilds of London Art School in fine art competitions can be traced to this willingness by Sparkes to ignore regulations he believed were wrong.
This radicalism in Sparkes can be seen in his concern for the art and design tutors working both at City and Guilds of London Art School and elsewhere in Britain. In the 1860s a block grant was give by the British Government to the South Kensington Government School of Design for teachers' pay and this was redistributed to other art schools across the country; as well as being considered an insufficient sum in the first place, the Government School of Design was accused by people such as Sparkes of holding on to too much of the money leading to the payment of what were called starvation wages at other art schools. Sparkes in particular was instrumental in campaigning for an increase in these wages, through both direct appeals to parliament and the establishment of the first national union of art teachers, the Association of Art Masters, in 1863. Recognising the limitations of government patronage of art schools, Sparkes cultivated a number of connections between the City and Guilds of London Art School and local manufacturing industries which would lead to City and Guilds of London Art School attaining the independent status it has today.
One of the most notable of these was with Henry Doulton whose pottery factory known as Royal Doulton, was located near to the City and Guilds of London Art School. In 1863 Doulton joined the school's board of management and the following year he gave the school its first commission, for a terracotta frieze for his factory's new extension. Following on from this Doulton was a strong supporter and promoter of the art school's activities, including exhibiting experimental works by students at the 1867 Paris Exhibition and at the 1871 London Exhibition. From about 1869, Doulton and his staff helped the art school to develop a curriculum that trained students for the pottery trade, to carry out design work for Doulton; this collaboration provided Doulton's with a supply of higher-quality artwork for its trade, gave students at Lambeth School of Art employment opportunities, many noted English modellers and sculptors of the late nineteenth century owe their careers to this partnership. The close connection between the art school and Doulton's meant that the ethos of City and Guilds of London School of Art was based, from early days, on a belief in a strong connection between the fine arts and design.
Its students and teachers became associated with the Arts and Crafts movement, to som
Sir Norman Rosenthal is a British independent curator and art historian. From 1970 to 1974 he was Exhibitions Officer at Art Gallery. In 1974 he became a curator at the Institute of Contemporary Arts, leaving in 1976; the following year, in 1977, he joined the Royal Academy in London as Exhibitions Secretary where he remained until his resignation in 2008. Rosenthal has been a trustee of numerous different national and international cultural organisations since the 1980s. In 2007, he was awarded a knighthood in the Queen's Birthday Honours List. Rosenthal is well known for his support of contemporary art, is associated with the German artists Joseph Beuys, Georg Baselitz, Anselm Kiefer and Julian Schnabel, the Italian painter Francesco Clemente, the generation of British artists that came to prominence in the early 1990s known as the YBAs. Norman Rosenthal was born in Cambridge on 8 November 1944, the son of Jewish refugees Paul Rosenthal and Käthe Zucker. Zucker emigrated to London first, in August 1939.
Paul Rosenthal came with the Free Czech Army two years in 1941. The couple moved from Cambridge to North West London after their first son, was born in 1944. Rosenthal's father, Paul Rosenthal, managed a Czech emigrants' club in Little Venice, it was his mother who nurtured his love of culture. When he was nine she took him to see The Marriage of Figaro at Covent Garden. Weekends were spent walking from their home in north-west London to visit the National Gallery and Kenwood House in Hampstead. Rosenthal was educated at London. From 1963 to 1966 he read History at the University of Leicester under Jack Simmons and W. G. Hoskins, author of The Making of the English Landscape. In 1965, at the age of 19, Rosenthal organised his first exhibition, "Artists in Cornwall", at the Leicester Museum and Art Gallery as part of the University of Leicester's University Arts Festival. After graduation he returned to London. Seeking employment, he walked into Agnew & Sons Ltd, art dealers and print publishers on Bond Street, enquired whether any positions were available.
He was given the job of librarian on the spot, beginning work immediately. Rosenthal remained with Agnew & Sons for three years, until 1968; the following year he won a German state studentship and left London to pursue a PhD at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies at the Free University of Berlin. His research subject was German peasant emancipation in the 18th century, but he soon changed his subject to art criticism of German Expressionism—for these subjects he was supervised by Francis Carsten and James Joll, he was, not to finish his thesis: in 1970 a vacancy came up in the UK for Exhibitions Officer at Brighton Museum and Art Gallery, which at the time was under the directorship of John Morley. Rosenthal learnt a great deal from Morley. In 1974, Rosenthal was appointed a Curator at the Institute of London. During his two-year period at the Institute he organised two key exhibitions and made lasting working relationships, in particular with the Berlin-based art critic Christos M. Joachimides and German artist Joseph Beuys.
Between 30 October and 24 November 1974 Rosenthal organised an exhibition with Joachimides of new radical German art called Art into Society. Art into Society took place as a part of a German Month of events that included lectures by critical theorists of the Frankfurt School of Philosophy. Artists included Joseph Beuys, Hans Haacke, Klaus Staeck, Albrecht D, KP Brehmer KP Brehmer, Dieter Hacker and Gustav Metzger, whose work was to urge artists to strike for three years to "bring down the art system". Apart from a brief visit to Ireland, Beuys remained present in the gallery for the majority of the exhibition: he engaged in conversations with the audience on how to achieve democracy, sketching out his ideas onto numerous chalkboards subsequently strewn across the floor; the following year, in 1975, Rosenthal again worked with Joachimides on the exhibition Eight Artists, Eight Attitudes, Eight Greeks between 5 November and 4 December. It coincided with a Greek Month to celebrate the fall of the Colonel's Dictatorship in Athens the previous year.
Artists, including Stephen Antonakos, Vlassis Caniaris Chryssa, Jannis Kounellis, Lucas Samaras and Costas Tsoclis, sought to "examine the facts of a spiritual as well as an actual immigration". As Director of Exhibitions Rosenthal famously was beaten up by Keith Allen and his anti-establishment friends. To this day flecks of blood remain preserved beneath plexiglass on the ICA office wall. Beneath it, a title reads: This is Norman’s Blood. In 1977, The Spectator published a short polemical article Rosenthal wrote called'The Future of the RA'. In it he criticised the organisation for its lack of driving philosophy, it lacked money and vision. As a result of this article Rosenthal was offered a job as Exhibitions Secretary by President Hugh Casson. Rosenthal's first exhibition at the Royal Academy in 1978, at the suggestion of Bryan Robertson, was on the American painter Robert Motherwell, it was followed by a major exhibition on Post-Impressionism in 1979–80, in 1981 A New Spirit in Painting, an exhibition of neo-Expressionist painting co-curated with Christos M Joachimides and Sir Nicholas Serota.
Considered to be one of Rosenthal's greatest achievements, this exhibition foregrounded the work of painters Georg Baselitz and Anselm Kiefer, set the agenda for a "return to painti
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Frieze Art Fair
Frieze Art Fair is an international contemporary art fair in London, New York, Los Angeles. It takes place every October in London's Regent's Park. In the US, the fair has been running on New York's Randall's Island since 2014, with its inaugural Los Angeles edition taking place February 2019; the fair is staged by Matthew Slotover, the publishers of frieze magazine. Frieze Art Fair features more than 170 contemporary art galleries, the fair includes specially commissioned artists’ projects, a talks programme and an artist-led education schedule. Although staged for the purpose of selling work, the fair has become a cultural entertainment event and out of its 68,000 visitors it has been suggested that 80% attend purely to spectate; the fair commissions artist projects and holds a programme of talks. Frieze Art Fair released sales figures following the first three fairs; however and Slotover came to regard such results to be misleading and inaccurate, as many sales are completed post-fair, many galleries choose to keep their sales figures private.
From 2006 the fair has not released sales figures. In 2008, Deutsche Bank was the main sponsor of Frieze Art Fair for the fifth consecutive year. In 2010, Matthew Slotover, co-founder of the fair, debated whether "art fairs are about money" with Louisa Buck, Matthew Collings, Jasper Joffe for the motion and against the motion Norman Rosenthal, Richard Wentworth, Matthew Slotover. Joffe claims that his criticisms of Frieze Art Fair led to his work being banned from the fair in 2010. In May 2011, Slotover and Sharp announced the launch of two new art fairs – Frieze New York, Frieze Masters. Since the mid-2000s, auction houses Christie's, Sotheby's and Phillips have expanded their mid-season contemporary sales that coincided with Frieze London. Space hire was £180 per meter; the fair's income was £990,000 from 5,500 square meters. Sales were £20 million. There were 124 galleries. There were 27,700 visitors. Non-profit programme Frieze Projects initiated with Polly Staple as curator. Space hire was £190 per meter.
The fair's income from galleries was £1.5 million from 8,000 square meters. Sales were £26 million. There were 150 galleries. There were 42,000 visitors. Public admission price was £12. There were over 1,000 gallery applications for places. Booths were 24–120 square meters; the fair was sponsored by Deutsche Bank AG. US galleries included Zach Feuer Gallery Matthew Marks and Barbara Gladstone. British galleries included Lisson Gallery and Victoria Miro Gallery. European galleries included Wirth. Galleries came from Beijing, Melbourne and Auckland. There were 160 galleries. 38 exhibitors were 35 British. Celebrities at the opening included David Bowie and Alexander McQueen. Tracey Emin launched her book Strangeland to coincide with the 2005 fair; the fair was 12–15 October 2006. There was a preview for invited guests on 11 October 2006. Mika Rottenberg wins the Cartier Award 2006 The fair was 11–14 October 2007. There was a preview for invited guests including Tracey Emin and Dinos Chapman and Sam Taylor-Wood.
Mario Garcia Torres Wins the Cartier Award 2007 Neville Wakefield becomes curator of Frieze Projects The fair was 16–19 October 2008. Ticket prices for public entry cost between £15 and £25; the fair featured talks by speakers including Carsten Holler, Yoko Ono, Cosey Fanni Tutti The winner of the Cartier Award 2008 was Wilfredo Prieto. The fair was 15–18 October 2009 Over 1000 artists showcased, 60,000 visitors, 165 galleries from 30 countries Curators: Daniel Baumann and Sarah McCrory; the fair was 14–17 October 2010 Frieze Projects was curated by Sarah McCrory with work by Annika Ström, Nick Relph, Shahryar Neshat, Jeffrey Vallance, Spartacus Chetwynd amongst others. The sculpture park included work by Jeppe Hein and Tatars, Franz West, Hans-Peter Feldmann The winner of the Cartier Award 2010 was Simon Fujiwara; the fair was 13–16 October 2011 The P. V was on 12 October 2011 Frieze Projects is curated by Sarah McCrory with work by Bik Van Der Pol, Pierre Huyghe, Christian Jankowski, LuckyPDF, Laure Prouvost, Cara Tolmie The winner of the Emdash Award 2011 was Anahita Razmi.
The fair was 11–14 October 2012 Also the first year for the Frieze Masters and Frieze New York editions. Featured 175 leading international contemporary galleries and over 1,000 artists Frieze Projects is curated by Sarah McCrory with work by Thomas Bayrle, Aslı Çavuşoğlu, DIS, Grizedale Arts / Yangjiang Group, Joanna Rajkowska; the winner of the Emdash Award 2012 was Cécile B. Evans. Held from 17 to 20 October. Featuring 152 galleries from 30 countries. 70,000 people attended the fair. Pilvi Takala received the Emdash Award 2013 Nicola Lees becomes Frieze Projects curator Held 15–18 October. 47,000 visitors 162 participating galleries from 25 countries Mélanie Matranga won the inaugural Frieze Artist Award 2014 The fair was on 14 to 17 October. 164 galleries from 27 different countries participated. 55,000 was the number of visitors this year. Rachel Rose won the Frieze Artist Award 2015 In 2016, David Horvitz hired a pickpocket to place sculptures in the pockets of attendees of the annual Frieze Art Fair.
This was part of "Frieze Projects". Said Horvitz, “Imagine how much money is concentrated there, among collectors and galleries—and there’s this person walking around who’s a trained thief,” Held 5–8 October Held 4-7 October Camden Arts Centre Emerging Artist Prize a
Bob and Roberta Smith
Patrick Brill, better known by his pseudonym Bob and Roberta Smith, is a British contemporary artist, author, art education advocate and keynote speaker. He is known for his "slogan" art, is an associate professor at Sir John Cass Department of Art at London Metropolitan University and has been curator of public art projects, like Art U Need, he was curator for the 2006 Peace Camp and created the 2013 Art Party to promote contemporary art and advocacy. His works are in collections in Europe and the United States. Brill co-founded hosts the Make Your Own Damn Music radio show, his father is the landscape painter Frederick Brill, head of the Chelsea School of Art from 1965 to 1979. His wife is lecturer, Jessica Voorsanger. Patrick Brill is the son of Frederick Brill, the Chelsea Art School head, he has a sister, a psychiatric nurse, Roberta. He graduated from University of Reading and received a scholarship during that time to The British School at Rome, he obtained his Master of Arts at Goldsmiths College, London.
Brill is married to Jessica Voorsanger. Brill was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2017 New Year Honours for services to the arts. Brill is known as Bob and Roberta Smith in his artistic career; the pseudonym has been retained from the short lived period. Smith paints slogans in a brightly coloured lettering style on banners and discarded boards of wood and exhibits them in galleries of contemporary art across the world; the slogans are humorous musing on art, popular culture and the world in general and they support his activist campaigns, such as his 2002 amnesty on bad art at Pierogi Gallery, New York. Noted for sign painting, Smith makes sculpture using cement, as in his 2005 Cement Soup Kitchen at Beaconsfield Gallery, London. A sculpture he proposed was shortlisted for the fourth plinth in London. Grew attracted to postures of failure, his more recent work has suggested an interest in the utopian impulse of art as an agent for social change, although this seems hedged with doubt or irony In March 2005 he was commissioned to act as curator on a series of five public art projects in the Thames Gateway housing estates of Essex.
The projects were collectively named Art U Need and were documented in a diary-format book by Smith in 2007. Writing of a "glittering Notting Hill Gate" event to introduce the project, Lynn Barber said of Smith: "It was a startlingly unsuitable subject for such a glossy audience, but he held them spellbound. I see him as a sort of Ian Dury of the art world, someone who keeps on trucking, doing his own thing, making no concessions to fashion or marketability, but giving pleasure to everyone who comes across him."A feature documentary about the work of Bob and Roberta Smith, Make Your Own Damn Art: the world of Bob and Roberta Smith, directed by John Rogers, premiered at the East End Film Festival in 2012. In 2013, he was on the UK Museum of the Year selection panel, he is on the Tate board as an artist member. He has spoken as an advocate for art education and the arts and has been a keynote speaker at symposia and conferences. A recent example of his gift for merging art and politics was illustrated in the 2006 exhibition, "Peace Camp."
Smith took part in and curated the show held at The Brick Lane Gallery that explored artists perceptions on Peace. Gavin Turk, Wolfgang Tillmans, more than 100 other artists were featured, he created a project, the Art Party, in 2013 to make contemporary art more accessible, demonstrate its ability to influence meaningful conversation and political thought. It was launched at the Hales Gallery. An Arts Council sponsored a two-day conference at Crescent Arts in North Yorkshire that year, it brought more than 2000 people who attended discussions of art education in schools and lectures, listened to music and attended performances. Brill writes for The Guardian. Brill is an associate professor at the Sir John Cass Department of Art and Design at London Metropolitan University, teaching bachelor and graduate students, he is a course leader for the Master of Fine Arts program, researcher and co-lead with Oriana Fox of the Public Acts studio and tutors in fine art. Brill performs music with a group he co-founded, The Ken Ardley Playboys, who had their first 45 released by Billy Childish on his label Hangman Records.
Brill hosts The Bob & Roberta Smith Radio Show called Make Your Own Damn Music on Resonance FM. 2002 – Bunch of Cowards, Collective Gallery, Edinburgh 2002 – It's not easy being a famous Artist, Galerie Praz Delavallade, Paris 2002 – The Art Amnesty, Deptford X, London 2002 – The New York Art Amnesty, Pierogi 2000, New York 2002 – Useless men and Stupid Women, Anthony Wilkinson Gallery, London 2003 – The Mobile Reality Creator, Compton Verney 2004 – Help Build The Ruins of Democracy, The Baltic 2005/06 – Make Your Own Damn Art, Stanley Picker Gallery, Kingston, UK 2005/06 – Should I Stay Or Should I Go?, Margate High Street, Turner Contemporary 2005/06 – The Beautiful Poetry of Bob and Roberta Smith, Hales Gallery, London 2007 – Peace Camp, The Brick Lane Gallery, London 2008 – Fourth Plinth, The National Gallery, London 2008 – Tate Christmas Tree, Tate Britain, London 2009 – Altermodern, Tate Triennial exhibition, Tate Britain, London 2014/15 - Art Amnesty, MoMA PS1, Long Island City, NY 2017 – Folkestone Is An Art School, Folkestone Triennial, Kent 2018 - La Panacée-MoCo, Montpellier Arts Council Collection, London British Council, London Goss Michael Foundat
BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4 is a radio station owned and operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation that broadcasts a wide variety of spoken-word programmes including news, comedy and history. It replaced the BBC Home Service in 1967; the station controller is Gwyneth Williams, the station is part of BBC Radio and the BBC Radio department. The station is broadcast from the BBC's headquarters at London. On 21 January 2019 Williams announced. There are no details of when, it is the second most popular domestic radio station in the UK, broadcast throughout the UK, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands on FM, LW and DAB, can be received in eastern and south eastern counties of Ireland, the north of France and Northern Europe. It is available through Freeview, Virgin Media and on the Internet, its sister station, BBC Radio 4 Extra, complements the main channel by broadcasting repeats from the Radio 4 archive, extended versions of Radio 4 programmes and supplements to series such as The Archers and Desert Island Discs.
It is notable for its news bulletins and programmes such as Today and The World at One, heralded on air by the Greenwich Time Signal "pips" or the chimes of Big Ben. Radio 4 broadcasts the Shipping Forecast, which reached 150 years old in August 2017; the pips are only accurate on FM, LW, MW as there is a delay on DAB and digital radio of 3 to 5 seconds longer online. BBC Radio 4 is the second most popular British domestic radio station by total hours, after Radio 2 – and the most popular in London and the South of England, it recorded its highest audience, of 11 million listeners, in May 2011 and was "UK Radio Station of the Year" at the 2003, 2004 and 2008 Sony Radio Academy Awards. It won a Peabody Award in 2002 for File On 4: Export Controls. Costing £71.4 million, it is the BBC's most expensive national radio network and is considered by many to be its flagship. There is no comparable British commercial network: Channel 4 abandoned plans to launch its own speech-based digital radio station in October 2008 as part of a £100m cost cutting review.
In 2010 Gwyneth Williams replaced Mark Damazer as Radio 4 controller. Damazer became Master of Oxford. Music and sport are the only fields that fall outside the station's remit, it broadcasts occasional concerts, documentaries related to various forms of both popular and classical music, the long-running music-based Desert Island Discs. Prior to the creation of BBC Radio 5 it broadcast sports-based features, notably Sport on Four, since the creation of BBC Radio 5 Live has become the home of ball-by-ball commentaries of most Test cricket matches played by England, broadcast on long wave; as a result, for around 70 days a year listeners have to rely on FM broadcasts or DAB for mainstream Radio 4 broadcasts – the number relying on long wave is now a small minority. The cricket broadcasts take precedence over on-the-hour news bulletins, but not the Shipping Forecast, carried since its move to long wave in 1978 because that can be received at sea; the station is the UK's national broadcaster in times of national emergency such as war, due to the wide coverage of the Droitwich signal: if all other radio stations were forced to close, it would carry on broadcasting.
It has been claimed that the commanders of nuclear-armed submarines believing that Britain had suffered nuclear attack were required to check if they could still receive Radio 4 on 198 long wave, if they could not they would open sealed orders that might authorise a retaliatory strike. As well as news and drama, the station has a strong reputation for comedy, including experimental and alternative comedy, many successful comedians and comedy shows first appearing on the station. Following the six o'clock news from Monday to Friday, the station broadcasts a thirty-minute comedy programme; the station is available on FM in parts of Ireland and the north of France. Freesat and Virgin have a separate channel which broadcasts the Radio 4 LW output in mono, in addition to the FM output; the BBC Home Service was the predecessor of Radio 4 and broadcast between 1939 and 1967. It had regional variations and was broadcast on medium wave with a network of VHF FM transmitters being added from 1955. Radio 4 replaced it on 30 September 1967, when the BBC renamed many of its domestic radio stations, in response to the challenge of offshore radio.
It moved to long wave in November 1978, taking over the 200 kHz frequency held by Radio 2, moved to 198 kHz as a result of international agreements aimed at avoiding interference and to mark the station becoming a national service for the first time the station became known as Radio 4 UK, a title that remained until mid 1984. For a time during the 1970s Radio 4 carried regional news bulletins Monday to Saturday; these were broadcast twice at breakfast, at lunchtime and an evening bulletin was aired at 5.55pm. There were programme variations for the parts of England not served by BBC Local Radio stations; these included Roundabout East Anglia, a VHF opt-out of the Today programme broadcast from BBC East's studios in Norwich each weekday from 6.45 am to 8.45 am. Roundabout East Anglia came to an end in mid-1980, when local radio services were introduced to East Anglia with the launch of BBC Radio Norfolk. All regional news bulletins broadcast