Takht Singh, GCSI was first the regent and the final Maharaja of Ahmednagar 1841–1843 as a result of an agreement with the British. Once he ceded Ahmednagar to Idar, he was recognized as Maharaja of Jodhpur, he was born in Ahmednagar, the second son of Karan Singh and grandson of Sagram Singh, the Maharaja of Ahmednagar from 1798 to 1835. He had little prospect of ascending the throne, yet after the death of his brother, Prithi Singh in 1839, he became the regent over the whole state and served as such until the birth of his brother's son, Balwant Singh, proclaimed ruler at his birth. Takht Singh became the new ruler's regent and served as such until the death of his nephew on 23 September 1841, when he became the Maharaja of Ahmednagar. However,two years into his reign in 1843, Man Singh, the Maharaja of Jodhpur died, he was persuaded by his widows to take the succession, however, he had to cede Ahmednagar back to the state of Idar to be recognized in Jodhpur by the British. So, on 29 October 1843, he ascended the gadi at the Sringar Chowki in Mehrangarh.
In his life, he served loyal service to British at the time of Indian Mutiny of 1857 and in 1862 he received a sanad of adoption. During his life he was a chronic womanizer.. He was cremated at Mandore, he was succeeded by his eldest son Jaswant Singh II in Jodhpur, while his third son, Pratap Singh would go on to become the Maharaja of Idar. His first-born daughter, Kumari Chand-Kanwar Bai-Lal, would be married to Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II, the Maharaja of Jaipur
Sumer Singh of Jodhpur
Maharaja Sir Sumer Singh was Maharaja of Jodhpur from 20 March 1911 to 3 October 1918, succeeding his father, Maharaja Sardar Singh. Sumer Singh was born on 14 January 1898 at Mehrangarh, the eldest son of Maharaja Sir Sardar Singh, GCSI by his first wife, the Maharani Shri Lakhsman Kanwarji Maji Sahiba. In March 1911 at the age of 13, he succeeded to the Jodhpur gadi upon the death of his father, served as a page of honour to George V at the Delhi Durbar that year. Educated at Mayo College and Wellington College in Berkshire, he reigned for five years under the regency of his great-uncle General Maharaja Sir Pratap Singh of Idar, who had abdicated his throne at Idar in order to oversee the Jodhpur regency. Upon the outbreak of the First World War, the young Maharaja volunteered to serve in combat and was commissioned as an honorary Lieutenant in the British Army in October 1914. On 26 February 1916, a month after he had come of age, Sumer Singh was granted full ruling powers by the Viceroy, Lord Hardinge, in person.
Shortly after, he left India for the battlefields of the Western Front, leading the Jodhpur Imperial Service Lancers in combat in France and Flanders. He was promoted to the rank of an honorary Major in the British Army in 1917. For his services, Sumer Singh was decorated and subsequently knighted as a Knight Commander in the Military Division of the Order of the British Empire in 1918. On 9 December 1915, Sumer Singh married Pratapha Kanwarji Maji Sahiba, the daughter of Kumar Jivansinhji Jhalamsinhji Sahib of Sarodar, a branch of the Nawanagar royal family, the sister of cricketer Ranjitsinhji, he married secondly, on 23 May 1918, Umrao Kanwarji Sahiba, the daughter of Thakur Shri Suraj Malji, of Sointra, under Jodhpur Marwar. By his first wife, Sumer Singh had one daughter: Maharajkumari Shri Kishor Kumariji Baijilal Sahiba who m. at Mehrangarh, Jodhpur, 24 April 1932, as his second wife, Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur, Maharaja of Jaipur The Maharaja returned to Jodhpur in early 1918, but died on 3 October from pneumonia at the Ratanada Palace.
He was cremated at Mehrangarh. As he had only left a daughter at his death, he was succeeded by his younger brother Umaid Singh. 1898-1911: Yuvraj Shri Maharajkumar Sumer Singhji Sahib, Yuvraj of Jodhpur 1911-1914: His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Sumer Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur 1914-1916: Lieutenant His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Sumer Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur 1916-1918: Colonel His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Sumer Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur 1918: Colonel His Highness Raj Rajeshwar Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Hindustan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Shri Sir Sumer Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Jodhpur, KBE Delhi Durbar gold medal-1911 1914 Star -1918 British War Medal-1918 Victory Medal-1918 Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Military Division -1918 Grand Cordon of the Order of the Nile of Egypt-1918
Mehrangarh or Mehran Fort, located in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, is one of the largest forts in India. Built in around 1459 by Rao Jodha, the fort is situated 410 feet above the city and is enclosed by imposing thick walls. Inside its boundaries there are several palaces known for their intricate carvings and expansive courtyards. A winding road leads to and from the city below; the imprints of the impact of cannonballs fired by attacking armies of Jaipur can still be seen on the second gate. To the left of the fort is the chhatri of Kirat Singh Soda, a soldier who fell on the spot defending the Mehrangarh fort. There are seven gates, which include Jayapol, built by Maharaja Man Singh to commemorate his victories over Jaipur and Bikaner armies. Fattehpol (also meaning'victory' which includes the Maharaja Ajit Singhji defeated Mughals; the palm imprints. The museum in the Mehrangarh fort is one of the most well-stocked museums in Rajasthan. In one section of the fort museum there is a selection of old royal palanquins, including the elaborate domed gilt Mahadol palanquin, won in a battle from the Governor of Gujarat in 1730.
The museum exhibits the heritage of the Rathores in arms, costumes and decorated period. Rao Jodha, the chief of the Rathore clan, is credited with the origin of Jodhpur in India, he founded Jodhpur in 1459. He became the fifteenth Rathore ruler. One year after his accession to the throne, Jodha decided to move his capital to the safer location of Jodhpur, as the one thousand years old Mandore fort was no longer considered to provide sufficient security. With the trusted aid of Rao Nara, the Mewar forces were subdued at Mandore. With that, Rao Jodha gave Rao Nara the title of Diwan. With the help of Rao Nara, the foundation of the fort was decided on 12 May 1459 by Jodha on a rocky hill 9 kilometres to the south of Mandore; this hill was known as the mountain of birds. According to legend to build the fort he had to displace the hill's sole human occupant, a hermit called Cheeria Nathji, the lord of birds. Cheeria Nathji was a man with hence influential in the region; when requested to move he refused categorically.
This happened many times. Rao Jodha took extreme measures and sought help from another more powerful saint, the female warrior sage of Charan caste Shri Karni Mata of Deshnok. On request of the king she asked Cheeria Nathji to quit immediately. Seeing a superior power he left at once but cursed Rao Jodha with words "Jodha! May your citadel suffer a scarcity of water!". Rao Jodha managed to appease the hermit by building a temple in the fort. Seeing the influence of Karni Mata Rao Jodha invited her to lay down the foundation stone of the Mehrangarh Fort and the same was carried out by her. Today only the forts of Bikaner and Jodhpur remain in the hands of Rathors, both had their foundation stone laid by Shri Karni Mata. All other Rajput forts of Rajasthan were abandoned for some or the other reasons by the respective clans. Only the Rathors of Jodhpur and Bikaner have their forts with them till date; this fact is attributed to Shri Karni Mata. Rao Jodha granted villages of Mathania and Chopasni to the two Charan warlords who were sent by him to request Shri Karni Mata to come to Jodhpur.
To ensure that the new site proved propitious. "Raja Ram Meghwal" was promised. To this day his descendants still live in Raj Bagh, "Raja Ram Meghwal's" Garden. Mehrangarh. Though the fortress was started in 1459 by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur, most of the fort which stands today dates from the period of Jaswant Singh of Marwar; the fort is located at the centre of the city spreading over 5 kilometres on top of a high hill. Its walls, which are up to 36 metres high and 21 metres wide, protect some of the most beautiful and historic palaces in Rajasthan. Entry to the fort is gained though a series of seven gates; the most famous of the gates are: Jai Pol, built by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806 to celebrate his victory in a war with Jaipur and Bikaner. Fateh Pol, built to celebrate a victory over the Mughals in 1707. To the left are the handprints of the ranis who in 1843 immolated themselves on the funeral pyre of their husband, Maharaja Man Singh. Within the fort are several brilliantly crafted and decorated palaces.
These include, Phool Mahal, Sheesha Mahal, Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana. The museum houses a collection of palanquins, royal cradles, musical instruments and furniture; the ramparts of the fort house preserved old cannon, provided a breath-taking view of the city. The howdahs were a kind of two-compartment wooden seat, which were fastened onto the elephant's back; the front compartment, with more leg space and a raised protective metal sheet, was meant
Jodhpur is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan and the second metropolitan city of the state. It was the seat of a princely state of the same name. Jodhpur has been the capital of the kingdom known as Marwar, now part of Rajasthan. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar Desert, it is popularly known as Sun city among people of Rajasthan and all over India. The old city is bounded by a wall with several gates. However, the city has expanded outside the wall over the past several decades. Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of the Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. According to the Hindu epic Mahabharat, Ahirs were the inhabitants of Marwar and on the Rathore clan established the Marwar Kingdom. There may have been small settlements before Rathore rule; the Jodhpur city was founded in 1459 by a Rajput chief of the Rathore clan. Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a kingdom which came to be known as Marwar.
As Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town served as the capital of this state. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat; this enabled it to profit from a flourishing trade in opium, silk, sandalwood and other tradeable goods. After the death of Rao Chandrasen Rathore in 1581, the kingdom was annexed by the Mughal Emperor Akbar, Marwar thus became a Mughal vassal owing fealty to them while enjoying internal autonomy; the mother of Emperor Shah Jahan was a Princess of Jodhpur. During this period, the state furnished the Mughals with several notable generals such as Maharaja Jaswant Singh. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to the wider world as new styles of art and architecture made their appearance and opportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark across northern India. Aurangzeb sequestrated the state after the death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, but the prior ruler Maharaja Ajit Singh was restored to the throne by Veer Durgadas Rathore after Aurangzeb died in 1707 and a great struggle of 30 years.
The Mughal empire declined after 1707, but the Jodhpur court was beset by intrigue. This did not make for stability or peace, however- 50 years of wars and treaties dissipated the wealth of the state, which sought the help of the British and entered into a subsidiary alliance with them in 1818 and were British allies against rest of India in the Revolt of 1857. During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur had the largest land area of any in the Rajputana. Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stability, a hallmark of this era; the land area of the state was 90,554 km2 its population in 1901 was 44,73,759. It enjoyed an estimated revenue of £3,529,000, its merchants, the Marwaris and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade across India. In 1947, when India became independent, the state merged into the union of India and Jodhpur became the second largest city of Rajasthan. At the time of division, the ruler of Jodhpur, Hanwant Singh, did not want to join India, but due to the effective persuasion of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the Home Minister at the time, the state of Jodhpur was included in Indian Republic.
After the State Reorganisation Act, 1956 it was included within the state of Rajasthan. As per provisional reports of Census India, the population of Jodhpur is 1,033,918 in 2011, where males constitute 52.62 percent of the population and females constitute 47.38 percent. The average literacy rate of Jodhpur is 80.56 percent, with a male literacy rate of 88.42 percent and a female literacy rate of 73.93 percent. 12.24 percent of the population are under six years of age. Jodhpur city is governed by Municipal Corporation; the Jodhpur Urban/Metropolitan area include Jodhpur, Kuri Bhagtasani, Mandore Industrial Area, Pal Village and Sangariya. Its Urban/Metropolitan population is 1,137,815 of which 599,332 are males and 538,483 are females. According to www.citypopulation.de population of Jodhpur city on 01/01/2019 is 1,440,000. The climate of Jodhpur is hot and semi-arid during its nearly yearlong dry season, but contains a brief rainy season from late June to September. Although the average rainfall is around 362 millimetres, it fluctuates greatly.
In the famine year of 1899, Jodhpur received only 24 millimetres, but in the flood year of 1917 it received as much as 1,178 millimetres. Temperatures are extreme from March to October, except when the monsoonal rain produces thick clouds to lower it slightly. In the months of April and June, high temperatures exceed 40 degrees Celsius. During the monsoon season, average temperatures decrease slightly. However, the city's low humidity rises, which adds to the perception of the heat; the highest temperature recorded in Jodhpur was on 18 May 2016 when it rose up to 53.2 degrees Celsius. The handicrafts industry has, in recent years, eclipsed all the other industries in the city; the items manufactured include textiles, metal utensils, bicycles and sporting goods. A flourishing cottage industry exists for the manu
Ghanta Ghar (Jodhpur)
Ghanta Ghar known as the clock tower of Rajasthan, is in the Indian city of Jodhpur. It was built by Maharaja Sardar Singh from. In fact, the tower dominates the entire scenario. Ghanta Ghar was constructed by the Late Shri Sardar Singh Ji of Jodhpur. Beside the tower, there is the Sadar Market, frequented by tourists on shopping spree. From this market, tourists can purchase Rajasthani textiles, clay figurines, miniature camels and elephants, marble inlay work and classic silver jewellery
Rajasthani cuisine was influenced by both the war-like lifestyles of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this arid region. Food that could last for several days and could be eaten without heating was preferred. Scarcity of water and fresh green vegetables have all had their effect on the cooking, it is known for its snacks like Bikaneri Bhujia, Mirchi Bada and Pyaaj Kachori. Other famous dishes include Bajre ki roti and Lashun ki chutney, Mawa Kachori from jodhpur, Alwar ka mawa, Malpauas from pushkar and Rassgollas from Bikaner, "paniya"and "gheriya" from Mewar. Originating for the Marwar region of the state is the concept Marwari Bhojnalaya, or vegetarian restaurants, today found in many part of India, which offer vegetarian food of the Marwari people. According to a 2014 survey released by the registrar general of India, Rajasthan has 74.9% vegetarians, which makes it the most vegetarian state in India. Rajasthani cuisine is influenced by the Rajputs, who are predominantly non-vegetarians.
Their diet consisted of game meat and dishes like laal maas, safed maas, khad khargosh and jungli maas. The natives of the Rajputi areas have a wide variety of chutneys made of turmeric, garlic and coriander. Sweet dishes are never referred to as'dessert' in Rajasthan, because unlike desserts which are served after the meal, Rajasthani sweets are served before and after the meal. Balushahi Besan Chakki ChurmaDilKhushaal sutar Feni Ghevar Gujia Seero Imarti Jhajariya Kadka Milk-Cake Makkhan-bada Palang Torh Mawa Kachori "Jalebi" "Ras malai" Panchkuta/Ker Sangri Kabuli- Veg layered Pulao Dal Baati Churma Pittod ki sabzi Besan Childa Sabzi Ker Dak sabzi Gatte matar khichadi Gatte ki sabzi Lacha Pakori Gulab Jamun ki Sabzi Govind Gatte Bajra Roti, Kadi Mogar ki sabzi Aloo matar ro saag Beans ro saag Besan Gatte/patod ro saag besan purala childa dahi mein aloo Dal Chawal Kutt danamethi, papad ro saag Gajar ro saag Govind Gatte or Shahi Gatte Guwar fali ro saag Haldi ro saag Jaipuri Kadahai Bajra ri raab Kakdi & Guwar fali ro saag Karela ro saag Ker-saangri ro saag Kicha ro saag Kikoda ro saag Lauki ra Koftey Makki ri ghaat Makki ri raab Makki ro saag Badi Masala Gatta Matar ro saag meethi danamethi Moranga ro saag Motha ro saag Papad, Badi ro saag Papad ro saag Pyaaz Paneer Raabdi rabori ro saag Sev Tamatar Dal Tadka Bajra ki roti Gutte ki Khichadi Bharma Tinda Aam ki kadhi Jaipuri mewa Pulao Kalmi vada Dal Banjari Media related to Cuisine of Rajasthan at Wikimedia Commons
Dayanand Saraswati pronunciation was an Indian social leader and founder of the Arya Samaj, a reform movement of the Vedic dharma. He was the first to give the call for Swaraj as "India for Indians" in 1876, a call taken up by Lokmanya Tilak. Denouncing the idolatry and ritualistic worship prevalent in India at the time, he worked towards reviving Vedic ideologies. Subsequently, the philosopher and President of India, S. Radhakrishnan called him one of the "makers of Modern India", as did Sri Aurobindo; those who were influenced by and followed Dayananda included Madam Cama, Pandit Lekh Ram, Swami Shraddhanand, Pandit Guru Dutt Vidyarthi, Shyamji Krishna Varma Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Lala Hardayal, Madan Lal Dhingra, Ram Prasad Bismil, Mahadev Govind Ranade, Ashfaq Ullah Khan, Mahatma Hansraj, Lala Lajpat Rai, others. One of his most influential works is the book Satyarth Prakash, which contributed to the Indian independence movement, he was a sanyasi from boyhood, a scholar. He believed in the infallible authority of the Vedas.
Maharshi Dayananda advocated the doctrine of Reincarnation. He emphasized the Vedic ideals of brahmacharya, including devotion to God. Among Maharshi Dayananda's contributions are his promoting of the equal rights for women, such as the right to education and reading of Indian scriptures, his commentary on the Vedas from Vedic Sanskrit in Sanskrit as well as in Hindi. Dayananda Saraswati was born on the 10th day of waning moon in the month of Purnimanta Falguna on the tithi to a Brahmin Hindu family in Jeevapar Tankara, Kathiawad region His original name was Mul Shankar because he was born in Dhanu Rashi and Mul Nakshatra, his father was Karshanji Lalji Kapadi, his mother was Amrutbai. When he was eight years old, his Yajnopavita Sanskara ceremony was performed, marking his entry into formal education, his father taught him the ways to impress Shiva. He was taught the importance of keeping fasts. On the occasion of Shivratri, Dayananda sat awake the whole night in obedience to Shiva. On one of these fasts, he saw a mouse running over the idol's body.
After seeing this, he questioned that if Shiva could not defend himself against a mouse how could he be the savior of the massive world. The deaths of his younger sister and his uncle from cholera caused Dayananda to ponder the meaning of life and death, he began asking questions. He was engaged in his early teens, but he decided marriage was not for him and ran away from home in 1846. Dayananda Saraswati spent nearly twenty-five years, from 1845 to 1869, as a wandering ascetic, searching for religious truth, he gave up material goods and lived a life of self-denial, devoting himself to spiritual pursuits in forests, retreats in the Himalayan Mountains, pilgrimage sites in northern India. During these years he practiced various forms of yoga and became a disciple of a religious teacher named Virajanand Dandeesha. Virajanand believed that Hinduism had strayed from its historical roots and that many of its practices had become impure. Dayananda Sarasvati promised Virajanand that he would devote his life to restoring the rightful place of the Vedas in the Hindu faith.
Dayanand's mission was to ask humankind for universal brotherhood through nobility as stated in the Vedas. He believed that Hinduism had been corrupted by divergence from the founding principles of the Vedas and that Hindus had been misled by the priesthood for the priests' self-aggrandizement. For this mission, he founded the Arya Samaj, enunciating the Ten Universal Principles as a code for Universalism, called Krinvanto Vishwaryam. With these principles, he intended the whole world to be an abode for Nobles, his next step was to reform Hinduism with a new dedication to God. He traveled the country challenging religious scholars and priests to discussions, winning through the strength of his arguments and knowledge of Sanskrit and Vedas. Hindu priests discouraged the laity from reading Vedic scriptures, encouraged rituals, such as bathing in the Ganges River and feeding of priests on anniversaries, which Dayananda pronounced as superstitions or self-serving practices. By exhorting the nation to reject such superstitious notions, his aim was to educate the nation to return to the teachings of the Vedas, to follow the Vedic way of life.
He exhorted the Hindu nation to accept social reforms, including the importance of Cows for national prosperity as well as the adoption of Hindi as the national language for national integration. Through his daily life and practice of yoga and asanas, preaching and writings, he inspired the Hindu nation to aspire to Swarajya and spiritualism, he advocated the equal rights and respects to women and advocated for the education of all children, regardless of gender. Swami Dayanand made logical and critical analyses of faiths including Christianity & Islam, as well as of other Indian faiths like Jainism and Sikhism. In addition to discouraging idolatry in Hinduism, he was against what he considered to be the corruption of the true and pure faith in his own country. Unlike many other reform movements of his times within Hinduism, the Arya Samaj's appeal was addressed not only to the educated few in India, but to the world as a whole as evidenced in the sixth principle of the Arya Samaj; as a result, his teachings professed universalism for all the living beings and not for any particular sect