Martin Mystery is an animated television series based on the Italian comic book Martin Mystère by Alfredo Castelli. The show was produced by Marathon Media Group, Rai Fiction, Image Entertainment Corporation, it uses an art style similar to Japanese anime. The series re-imagines the comic books' main characters as 16-year-old step-siblings attending Torrington Academy, a high school in Sherbrooke, Quebec, they work for a covert organization known as "The Center," which covertly protects the people of Earth from supernatural threats. Their allies at The Center include Billy, one of Martin's best friends, Java, who works as a janitor at Torrington Academy. Martin's vast knowledge of the supernatural and his remarkable intuition make him a valued agent of The Center, compensate for his huge ego and poor personal hygiene. Diana resents these flaws at times, as Martin does not seem to understand the seriousness of his missions, but loves him like any sister. Martin Mystery Martin is a 16-year-old boy, with a passion for monsters and the paranormal, who works as a paranormal investigator for "The Center".
He is an underachiever at school, once getting 106 out of 902 on his pre-college aptitude test, but at the final of the series, he got an A+ on his history test. However, as an agent of The Center, he proved that he is clever and a quick thinker. Martin has a peculiar love for everything slimy and gooey - things that make Diana gag. Martin's favourite hobby is teasing Diana with practical jokes and creeping her out though she retaliates with physical abuse. Regardless of whether he is at school or on a mission, he remains an immature and hyperactive nerd bursting with energy, he thinks before leaping into danger helping those in peril whenever the team are on a mission. Martin has a tendency to jump to conclusions and come up with every unlikely theory he can think of from some movie he saw or from his subscription to "Paranormal Monthly"; as the leader of the trio, Martin is the only one who wears a U-Watch. Martin's first monster was Venoso, a female chameleon monster that has the power to shape-shift into any person it wants.
He is seen in a crossover episode of Totally Spies!. During the episode, he is smitten with Clover though she seems uninterested in him. Towards the end of the same episode, Clover showed interests in Martin and tries to get his attention, but Martin and Alex have hit it off due to a shared love of comics and video games. Throughout the episode, Martin continuously describes Sam as a "really lame buzz-kill" just like his sister, which causes her to lash out at him as Diana does. A running gag in the series is Martin's constant flirting with every beautiful girl he meets, who reject him with verbal or physical abuse. Martin is voiced by Corrado Conforti. Diana Lombard Diana is a 16-year-old girl seen with her two signature hair clips and her small purple shoulder bag, she is seen as the clean-freak, goody-goody and brainiac of the trio. Diana can be jumpy and squeamish at times, which leads to Martin calling her a "wimp". However, she shows great courage when called upon and her intelligence comes in handy on their missions.
Not sharing Martin's love of the paranormal, she tries to reason with logic instead of jumping to conclusions. Diana has a hard time keeping her cool with Martin and will slap, beat on, or scream at him quite often, their arguments tend to end in some sort of bet, which Diana loses. She seems to be the "bait" for the majority of their missions and is one of the earliest victims, including being cocooned by an acid-spewing insect queen, turned into a frog by a warlock Martin unleashed, being possessed by a vengeful spirit at a mountain lodge; when Martin is incapacitated by other monsters, Diana uses her own skills to save him and wears Martin's U-watch in a few episodes. Diana is voiced by Kelly Sheridan. Java the Caveman Java, the 200,000-year-old caveman, is friends with both Diana, he works at Torrington as a janitor. However, Java assists Diana in their investigations, serving as the team's tracker, his brute strength proves useful when breaking through barriers. Though he is a lover of lizards and spiders, Java fears cats and technology.
His fear of technology is a running gag in the show. Java's English is simplistic, thus he does not contribute meaningfully to most conversations. Despite this shortcoming, Java has a knack for thinking "outside the box", which helps in the team's investigations. Java is a significant source of comedy in the show due to his reactions to various scenarios and his poor hygiene as a caveman. Java is sometimes the victim of the paranormal, including being transformed into a monster, such as when he inhaled the Chaos Beast in its gas form, or was brainwashed by a pirate-controlled Martin. Java is voiced by Dale Wilson. M. O. M; as the multi-tasking director of "The Center", M. O. M. Oversees the investigation of paranormal activities throughout the world. Martin's capabilities make him one of her favourite agents - if "favourite" is taken to mean "the agent that she would rather spend the most time with in th
Java, New York
Java is a town in Wyoming County, New York. The population was 2,057 at the 2010 census; the Town of Java is on the western border of Wyoming County. The Town of Java was founded in 1832 from part of the Town of Arcade, it was named after the island of Java. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 47.3 square miles, of which 47.1 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. The largest body of water in Java is Java Lake, the headwaters of Cattaraugus Creek; the west town line is the border of Erie County. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,222 people, 807 households, 590 families residing in the town; the population density was 47.2 people per square mile. There were 1,035 housing units at an average density of 22.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 99.14% White, 0.14% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population. There were 807 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families.
20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.21. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males. The median income for a household in the town was $43,708, the median income for a family was $47,120. Males had a median income of $35,703 versus $24,625 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,398. About 3.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. Cattaraugus Creek – A river, arising from Java Lake, that flows into Lake Erie. Curriers – A hamlet in the southwest corner of the town. Hick's Corners – A location east of Curriers.
Java Center – A hamlet at the intersection of Routes 77 and 78. Java Lake – A hamlet on Java Lake Road, west of a small lake. Java Lake – A small lake, the source of Cattaraugus Creek. Java – The hamlet of Java, in the northwest corner of the town; this community is on Route 78. The Java School No. 1 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. North Java – A location in the northeast part of the town; the Arcade and Attica Railroad was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Waldos Corners – A hamlet at the intersection of Routes 78 and 98. J. W. Eddy, builder of Angels Flight funicular railroad Ed Don George, professional wrestler, born in North Java in 1905
The Java class was a class of light cruisers of the Royal Netherlands Navy, named after the island of Java in the Dutch East Indies. Three ships were planned: Java and Celebes. Celebes was intended to be the flagship of the naval commander in the Dutch East Indies, therefore she was bigger than the other two ships. However, the contract was cancelled with 30 tons of material prepared; the class was constructed in the Netherlands. They were designed to counter the Japanese reconnaissance cruisers of the Chikuma class of 1912, by 1913 standards they were big and armed with 10 x 150 mm guns. However, these were not turret-mounted, by the time the cruisers were launched after all the delays caused by the upheaval of World War I, they had become outdated. Both Sumatra and Java were still active at the outbreak of World War II for colonial duties. Designed in 1913, built in the Schelde naval shipyards and launched on 9 August 1921, Java was outdated technologically by the time she was commissioned in 1925.
Java saw action as a convoy escort, during the Spanish Civil War and during the early stages of World War II. At the outbreak of war with Japan Java was in Indonesian waters where she formed part of the fleet of ABDA command under the command of rear-admiral Karel Doorman, she fought in the battle of Badung Strait in February 1942. During the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942, she was sunk at 23:32 together with De Ruyter by a Long Lance torpedo from the Japanese cruiser Nachi and sank with the loss of over 500 crew, leaving 19 survivors. Sumatra performed convoy duties during World War II and transported part of the Dutch Royal Family to safety in Canada, but due to problems with her propulsion she was unfit for combat duty. In the end Sumatra was scuttled off the coast of Normandy on 9 June 1944 at Ouistreham as part of a "gooseberry" pier to protect an artificial Mulberry Harbour built by the Allies as part of Operation Overlord. Sumatra's 150 mm guns were used to replace the guns of the Flores-class gunboat, which were worn out by extensive use.
Teitler, G.. De strijd. Dieren: De Bataafsche Leeuw. ISBN 978-9067070287. Anten, J.. Hr. Ms. Kruisers'Java' en'Sumatra'. Zierikzee: Asia Maior. ISBN 978-9074861182. Kimenai, Peter. "Lichte kruisers van de Java-klasse". Go2War2.nl. P. 1–8. Archived from the original on June 6, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2018. Media related to Java class cruiser at Wikimedia Commons Java-class cruisers
Java-eiland is a neighbourhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is located on a peninsula, surrounded on three sides by water and on the east by the KNSM Island neighbourhood; the peninsula was created by dredging water at the end of the 19th century and was used for shipping services. The Stoomvaart Maatschappij Nederland was located here. After the Second World War and the 1945 independence of Indonesia, trade nearly came to a standstill. In the 1980s, squatters and the homeless had taken over many of the buildings in the area; the name "Java Island" was given to the area. In the 1990s the area was transformed into residential units according to a master plan by Amsterdam architect Sjoerd Soeters. Except for one building owned by port authorities, all the old buildings were razed; as for transport, tram line 10 terminates on the eastern edge of Java-eiland. Notable architecture includes four small canals with post-modernist canal houses from various architects and pedestrian bridges by Guy Rombouts and Monica Droste, at the Azartplein two building by the Swiss architectural firm Diener & Diener
"Java" is an instrumental adaptation from a 1958 LP of piano compositions, The Wild Sounds of New Orleans, by Tousan known as New Orleans producer/songwriter Allen Toussaint. As was the case of the rest of Toussaint's LP, "Java" was composed at the studio by Toussaint; the first charting version was done by Floyd Cramer in 1962. His version fell just short of the U. S. Top 40. In 1963, trumpet player Al Hirt recorded the instrumental, the track was the first single from his album Honey in the Horn, it was Hirt's first and biggest hit on the US pop charts, reaching number four on the Billboard Hot 100 on March 7, 1964 and spending four weeks at number one on the easy listening chart in early 1964. The song was featured on his greatest hits album, The Best of Al Hirt. Hirt released a live version on Live at Carnegie Hall, he recorded the song with Arthur Fiedler and the Boston Pops for the RCA Red Seal album Pops Goes the Trumpet in 1964. Hirt's recording won the Grammy Award for Best Performance by an Orchestra or Instrumentalist with Orchestra in 1964.
Floyd CramerAl Hirt The same recording was used as the closing theme for Vision On, a British children's television programme, shown on BBC1 from 1964 to 1976. The Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut performed her gold medal-winning floor routine at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich to a live piano version condensed to about 1 minute 9 seconds; the Muppet Show featured "Java" at the beginning of episode 22, where it was danced to by two creatures. The bigger creature knocked the smaller away. At the end of the song, the small creature blasted the bigger one away; the Muppets performed "Java" on the November 1966 edition of The Ed Sullivan Show. The Angels released a vocal version in 1965 as the B-side to the song "Little Beatle Boy"; the Beautiful South covered it in 1994, releasing it as a B-side to "One Last Love Song". Despite being a band with three vocalists, this was an instrumental version, they performed the track live ending gigs with it, with the vocalists playing handheld percussion instruments or bouncing round the stage on giant space hoppers.
List of number-one adult contemporary singles of 1964 Listen to "Java" on YouTube
Coffee production in Indonesia
Indonesia was the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world in 2014. Coffee cultivation in Indonesia began in the late 1600s and early 1700s, in the early Dutch colonial period, has played an important part in the growth of the country. Indonesia is geographically and climatologically well-suited for coffee plantations, near the equator and with numerous interior mountainous regions on its main islands, creating well-suited microclimates for the growth and production of coffee. Indonesia produced an estimated 660,000 metric tons of coffee in 2017. Of this total, it is estimated that 154,800 tons were slated for domestic consumption in the 2013/2014 financial year. Of the exports, 25% are arabica beans. In general, Indonesia's arabica coffee varieties have low acidity and strong bodies, which make them ideal for blending with higher-acidity coffees from Central America and East Africa; the Dutch governor in Malabar sent arabica coffee seedlings from Yemen to the Dutch governor of Batavia in 1696.
The first seedlings failed due to flooding in Batavia. The second shipment of seedlings was sent in 1699 with Hendrik Zwaardecroon; the plants grew, in 1711 the first exports were sent from Java to Europe by the Dutch East India Company, known by its Dutch initials VOC, such that 2000 pounds were shipped in 1717. Indonesia was the first place, outside of Arabia and Ethiopia, where coffee was cultivated; the coffee was shipped to Europe from the port of Batavia. There has been a port at the mouth of Ciliwung River since 397 AD, when King Purnawarman established the city he called Sunda Kelapa. Today, in the Kota area of Jakarta, one can find echoes of the seagoing legacy. Sail driven ships still load cargo in the old port; the Bahari museum occupies a former warehouse of the VOC, used to store spices and coffee. Menara Syahbandar was built in 1839 to replace the flag pole that stood at the head of wharves, where the VOC ships docked to load their cargos. In the 18th century, coffee shipped from Batavia sold for 3 Guilders per kilogram in Amsterdam.
Since annual incomes in Holland in the 18th century were between 200 and 400 Guilders, this was equivalent of several hundred dollars per kilogram today. By the end of the 18th century, the price had dropped to 0.6 Guilders per kilogram and coffee drinking spread from the elite to the general population. The East Indies were the most important coffee supplier in the world during this period and it was only in the 1840s that their stranglehold on supply was eclipsed by Brazil The coffee trade was profitable for the VOC, for the Dutch East Indies government that replaced it in 1800, but was less so for the Indonesian farmers who were forced to grow it by the colonial government from 1830 to around 1870 under the Cultuurstelsel. Production of export crops were delivered to government warehouses instead of taxes. Coffee, along with sugar and indigo, was one of the main crops produced under this exploitative colonial system. Cultuurstelsel was applied to coffee in the Preanger region of West Java, as well as in West Sumatra, South Sulawesi and the Minahasa region of North Sulawesi.
This corrupt system, which diverted labor from rice production and caused great hardship for farmers, was immortalized through an influential novel by Eduard Douwes Dekker in 1860 titled Max Havelaar: Or the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company. This book helped to change Dutch public opinion about the "Cultivation System" and colonialism in general. More the name Max Havelaar was adopted by one of the first fair trade organizations. By the mid 1870s the Dutch East Indies expanded arabica coffee-growing areas in Sumatra, Bali and Timor. In Sulawesi the coffee was thought to have been planted around 1850. In North Sumatra highlands coffee was first grown near Lake Toba in 1888, followed in Gayo highland near Lake Laut Tawar in 1924. Coffee at the time was grown in East Indonesia- East Timor and Flores. Both of these islands were under Portuguese control and the coffee was C. arabica, but from different root stocks. The coffee in Eastern Indonesia was not affected to the same degree by rust, today, it is believed that some coffee in East Timor can be traced back to the 18th century.
In the late eighteen hundreds, Dutch colonialists established large coffee plantations on the Ijen Plateau in eastern Java. However, disaster struck in the 1876, when the coffee rust disease, Hemileia vastatrix, swept through Indonesia, wiping out most of the Arabica Typica cultivar. Robusta coffee was introduced to East Java in 1900 as a substitute at lower altitudes, where the rust was devastating. Robusta coffee was introduced to smallholders around Kerinci around 1915, spread across southern Sumatra during the 1920s, where production soon eclipsed Java; the region remains the most important producing region by volume today. Dutch-owned plantations on Java were nationalized in the 1950s, soon after independence, and are now managed as state-owned plantations under PTPN - Perusahaan Terbatas Perkebunan Nusantara, revitalized with new varieties of Coffea arabica in the 1950s. These varieties were adopted by smallholders through the government and various development programs. Today, more than 90% of Indonesia's coffee is grown by smallholders on farms averaging around one hectare.
Some of this production is organic and many farmers’ cooperatives and exporters are internationally certified to market organic coffee. There are more than 20 varieties of Coffea arabica being grown commercially in Indonesia, they fall into six main ca
Java virtual machine
A Java virtual machine is a virtual machine that enables a computer to run Java programs as well as programs written in other languages that are compiled to Java bytecode. The JVM is detailed by a specification that formally describes what is required of a JVM implementation. Having a specification ensures interoperability of Java programs across different implementations so that program authors using the Java Development Kit need not worry about idiosyncrasies of the underlying hardware platform; the JVM reference implementation is developed by the OpenJDK project as open source code and includes a JIT compiler called HotSpot. The commercially supported Java releases available from Oracle Corporation are based on the OpenJDK runtime. Eclipse OpenJ9 is another open source JVM for OpenJDK; the Java virtual machine is an abstract computer defined by a specification. The garbage-collection algorithm used and any internal optimization of the Java virtual machine instructions are not specified; the main reason for this omission is to not unnecessarily constrain implementers.
Any Java application can be run only inside some concrete implementation of the abstract specification of the Java virtual machine. Starting with Java Platform, Standard Edition 5.0, changes to the JVM specification have been developed under the Java Community Process as JSR 924. As of 2006, changes to specification to support changes proposed to the class file format are being done as a maintenance release of JSR 924; the specification for the JVM was published as the blue book, The preface states: We intend that this specification should sufficiently document the Java Virtual Machine to make possible compatible clean-room implementations. Oracle provides tests that verify the proper operation of implementations of the Java Virtual Machine. One of Oracle's JVMs is named the other, inherited from BEA Systems is JRockit. Clean-room Java implementations include Kaffe, IBM J9 and Skelmir's CEE-J. Oracle owns the Java trademark and may allow its use to certify implementation suites as compatible with Oracle's specification.
One of the organizational units of JVM byte code is a class. A class loader implementation must be able to recognize and load anything that conforms to the Java class file format. Any implementation is free to recognize other binary forms besides class files, but it must recognize class files; the class loader performs three basic activities in this strict order: Loading: finds and imports the binary data for a type Linking: performs verification and resolution Verification: ensures the correctness of the imported type Preparation: allocates memory for class variables and initializing the memory to default values Resolution: transforms symbolic references from the type into direct references. Initialization: invokes Java code that initializes class variables to their proper starting values. In general, there are two types of class loader: bootstrap class loader and user defined class loader; every Java virtual machine implementation must have a bootstrap class loader, capable of loading trusted classes.
The Java virtual machine specification doesn't specify. The JVM operates on primitive references; the JVM is fundamentally a 32-bit machine. Long and double types, which are 64-bits, are supported natively, but consume two units of storage in a frame's local variables or operand stack, since each unit is 32 bits. Boolean, byte and char types are all sign-extended and operated on as 32-bit integers, the same as int types; the smaller types only have a few type-specific instructions for loading and type conversion. Boolean is operated on with 0 representing false and 1 representing true; the JVM has a garbage-collected heap for storing arrays. Code and other class data are stored in the "method area"; the method area is logically part of the heap, but implementations may treat the method area separately from the heap, for example might not garbage collect it. Each JVM thread has its own call stack, which stores frames. A new frame is created each time a method is called, the frame is destroyed when that method exits.
Each frame provides an "operand stack" and an array of "local variables". The operand stack is used for operands to computations and for receiving the return value of a called method, while local variables serve the same purpose as registers and are used to pass method arguments. Thus, the JVM is both a register machine; the JVM has instructions for the following groups of tasks: The aim is binary compatibility. Each particular host operating system needs its own implementation of the runtime; these JVMs interpret the bytecode semantically the same way, but the actual implementation may be different. More complex than just emulating bytecode is compatibly and efficiently im