Seagate Technology PLC is an American data storage company. It was incorporated as Shugart Technology. Since 2010, the company is incorporated in Dublin, with operational headquarters in Cupertino, United States. David Mosley is the current CEO with Stephen J. Luczo as chairman of the board of directors. In January 2009, Seagate's chairman, was appointed president and chief executive officer, returning him to the role he held at Seagate from 1998 to 2004. On October 2, 2017 COO David Mosley was appointed Luczo stepped down from that role. Seagate developed the first 5.25-inch hard disk drive, the 5-megabyte ST-506, in 1980. They were a major supplier in the microcomputer market during the 1980s after the introduction of the IBM XT in 1983. Today Seagate, along with its competitor Western Digital, dominates the HDD market. Much of their growth has come through their acquisition of competitors. In 1989, Seagate acquired Control Data Corporation's Imprimis division, the makers of CDC's HDD products.
Seagate acquired Conner Peripherals in 1996, Maxtor in 2006 and Samsung's HDD business in 2011. Seagate Technology was incorporated on November 1, 1978, commenced operations with co-founders Al Shugart, Tom Mitchell, Doug Mahon, Finis Conner and Syed Iftikar in October 1979; the company came into being when Conner approached Shugart with the idea of starting a new company to develop 5.25-inch HDDs which Conner predicted would be a coming economic boom in the disk drive market. The name was changed to Seagate Technology to avoid a lawsuit from Xerox's subsidiary Shugart Associates; the company's first product, the 5-megabyte ST-506, was released in 1980. It was the first hard disk to fit the 5.25-inch form factor of the Shugart "mini-floppy" drive. The hard disk, which used a Modified Frequency Modulation encoding, was a hit, was released in a 10-megabyte version, the ST-412. With this Seagate secured a contract as a major OEM supplier for the IBM XT, IBM's first personal computer to contain a hard disk.
The large volumes of units sold to IBM, the then-dominant supplier of PCs, fueled Seagate's early growth. In their first year, Seagate shipped $10 million of units to consumers. By 1983, the company shipped over 200,000 units for revenues of $110 million; the 20-megabyte version, the ST-225, the 30-megabyte version, the ST-238, were popular aftermarket additions for the IBM XT and AT and compatible microcomputers. These were made in SCSI versions. In 1983, Al Shugart was replaced as president by chief operating officer, Tom Mitchell, in order to move forward with corporate restructuring in the face of a changing market. Shugart continued to oversee corporate planning. By this point, the company had a 45% market share of the single-user hard drive market, with IBM purchasing 60% of the total business Seagate was doing at the time. In 1989, Seagate acquired Control Data's Imprimis Technology, CDC's disk storage division, resulting in a combined market share of 43 percent; the acquisition was synergistic with little overlap in markets.
In September 1991, Tom Mitchell resigned as president under pressure from the board of directors, with Al Shugart reassuming presidency of the company. Shugart refocused the company on its more lucrative markets and on mainframe drives instead of external drives, he pulled away from the practice of outsourcing the production of components overseas, which allowed Seagate to better keep up with demand as the demand for PCs increased rapidly in 1993 across the market. This included a domestic partnership with Corning Inc. which began using a new glass ceramic compound to manufacture disk substrates. In 1991, Seagate introduced the Barracuda HDD, the industry's first hard disk with a 7200-RPM spindle speed. In May 1993, Seagate became the first company to cumulatively ship 50 million HDDs over its firm's history; the following year Seagate Technology Inc moved from the Nasdaq exchange to the New York Stock Exchange, trading under the ticker symbol SEG. Upon leaving, the company was the 17th-largest company in terms of trading volume on the Nasdaq exchange.
In 1996, Seagate merged with Conner Peripherals to form the world's largest independent hard-drive manufacturer. Following the merger, the company began a system of consolidating the components and production methods within its production chain of factories in order to streamline how products were built between plants. In May 1995, Seagate Technology acquired Frye Computer Systems, a software company based in Boston, Massachusetts; that developed LAN monitoring software kit The Frye Utilities for Networks, which won PC Magazine's "Editor's Choice" award in 1995. In 1996, Seagate introduced the industry's first hard disk with a 10,000-RPM spindle speed, the Cheetah 4LP; the product increased to a speed of 15,000-RPM by 2000 with the release of the Cheetah 15X. In May 1997, the High Court of Justice in England awarded Amstrad PLC $93 million in a lawsuit over faulty disk drives Seagate sold to Amstrad, a British manufacturer and marketer of personal computers; that year Seagate introduced the first Fibre Channel interface hard drive.
In 1997, Seagate experienced a downturn, along with the rest of the industry. In July 1998, Shugart resigned his positions with the company. Stephen J. "Steve" Luczo became the new chief executive officer joining the board of directors. Luczo had joined Seagate Technology in October 1993 as Senior V
University of Pennsylvania
The University of Pennsylvania is a private Ivy League research university located in the University City neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is one of the nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence and the first institution of higher learning in the United States to refer to itself as a university. Benjamin Franklin, Penn's founder and first president, advocated an educational program that trained leaders in commerce and public service, similar to a modern liberal arts curriculum; the university's coat of arms features a dolphin on its red chief, adopted from Benjamin Franklin's own coat of arms. University of Pennsylvania is home many professional and graduate schools including, the first school of medicine in North America, the first collegiate business school and the first "student union" building and organization were founded at Penn; the university has four undergraduate schools which provide a combined 99 undergraduate majors in the humanities, natural sciences and engineering, as well twelve graduate and professional schools.
It provides the option to pursue specialized dual degree programs. Undergraduate admissions is competitive, with an acceptance rate of 7.44% for the class of 2023, the school is ranked as the 8th best university in the United States by the U. S. News & World Report. In athletics, the Quakers field varsity teams in 33 sports as a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League conference and hold a total of 210 Ivy League championships as of 2017. In 2018, the university had an endowment of $13.8 billion, the seventh largest endowment of all colleges in the United States, as well as an academic research budget of $966 million. As of 2018, distinguished alumni include 14 heads of 64 billionaire alumni. S. House of Representatives. Other notable alumni include 27 Rhodes Scholars, 15 Marshall Scholarship recipients, 16 Pulitzer Prize winners, 48 Fulbright Scholars. In addition, some 35 Nobel laureates, 169 Guggenheim Fellows, 80 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, many Fortune 500 CEOs have been affiliated with the university.
University of Pennsylvania considers itself the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, though this is contested by Princeton and Columbia Universities. The university considers itself as the first university in the United States with both undergraduate and graduate studies. In 1740, a group of Philadelphians joined together to erect a great preaching hall for the traveling evangelist George Whitefield, who toured the American colonies delivering open air sermons; the building was designed and built by Edmund Woolley and was the largest building in the city at the time, drawing thousands of people the first time it was preached in. It was planned to serve as a charity school as well, but a lack of funds forced plans for the chapel and school to be suspended. According to Franklin's autobiography, it was in 1743 when he first had the idea to establish an academy, "thinking the Rev. Richard Peters a fit person to superintend such an institution". However, Peters declined a casual inquiry from Franklin and nothing further was done for another six years.
In the fall of 1749, now more eager to create a school to educate future generations, Benjamin Franklin circulated a pamphlet titled "Proposals Relating to the Education of Youth in Pensilvania", his vision for what he called a "Public Academy of Philadelphia". Unlike the other Colonial colleges that existed in 1749—Harvard, William & Mary and Princeton—Franklin's new school would not focus on education for the clergy, he advocated an innovative concept of higher education, one which would teach both the ornamental knowledge of the arts and the practical skills necessary for making a living and doing public service. The proposed program of study could have become the nation's first modern liberal arts curriculum, although it was never implemented because William Smith, an Anglican priest who became the first provost and other trustees preferred the traditional curriculum. Franklin assembled a board of trustees from among the leading citizens of Philadelphia, the first such non-sectarian board in America.
At the first meeting of the 24 members of the Board of Trustees, the issue of where to locate the school was a prime concern. Although a lot across Sixth Street from the old Pennsylvania State House, was offered without cost by James Logan, its owner, the Trustees realized that the building erected in 1740, still vacant, would be an better site; the original sponsors of the dormant building still owed considerable construction debts and asked Franklin's group to assume their debts and, their inactive trusts. On February 1, 1750, the new board took over the building and trusts of the old board. On August 13, 1751, the "Academy of Philadelphia", using the great hall at 4th and Arch Streets, took in its first secondary students. A charity school was chartered July 13, 1753 in accordance with the intentions of the original "New Building" donors, although it lasted only a few years. On June 16, 1755, the "College of Philadelphia" was chartered, paving the way for the addition of undergraduate instruction.
All three schools shared the same Board of Trustees and were consider
Loïc Duval, born 12 June 1982 in Chartres, is a French professional racing driver racing for Audi Sport as a factory driver in DTM and driving for Dragon Racing in Formula E. He won the 2013 24 Hours of Le Mans with Allan McNish and Tom Kristensen driving the Audi R18 for Audi Sport. Born in Chartres, Duval began his career in karting and in 2002 was the Formula Campus France champion. In 2003 he was the Formula Renault 2000 France champion. In 2004 he placed eleventh with two podiums in the Formula 3 Euro Series and tested for Renault F1; the next year he won a pole at the Macau Grand Prix. He moved to Japan where he began racing in Formula Nippon and Super GT. In 2007 he continued in Formula Nippon and made two starts for A1 Team France in the A1 Grand Prix series in Australia and New Zealand, he won the 2009 Formula Nippon Championship with four wins driving for Nakajima Racing after finishing second in 2008. On 11 June 2014, the Le Mans Audi No. 1 driven by Duval was damaged, casting doubt whether it could be repaired for the race, or if Audi could build a new car in time, which would start from the back of the field.
Duval was in reasonable condition. Duval made his Formula E debut at the 2015 Miami ePrix in March 2015, having missed the first four races of the inaugural 2014-15 Formula E season, he replaced Oriol Servià and partnered Jérôme d'Ambrosio at Dragon Racing, an American and former Indy team. Despite a slow start to his career, Duval achieved his first podium finish of the season with 3rd place at the 2015 Berlin ePrix with teammate d'Ambrosio winning the race resulting in Dragon Racing first double podium finish. Duval made second appearance to the podium at round two of the London ePrix in the season finale. Duval finished the season in 9th position with 42 points having raced in seven of the eleven championship rounds. Duval's contributions helped Dragon Racing finish 2nd in the Championship having spent the majority of the season outside the top five. Duval started the 2015-16 season off having out qualified teammate d'Ambrosio in the opening two rounds. Duval finished fourth in the first time he has outraced teammate d'Ambrosio.
During the following round in Putrajaya, Duval crashed while fighting for a podium in the closing stages of the race. In Punta del Este, Duval qualified second on the front row alongside d'Ambrosio resulting in Dragon Racing's first front row lockout, he finished fourth, two tenths of a second behind his teammate in third. † Ineligible for championship points.‡ Team standings.* Season still in progress. † Driver was classified as he completed over 90 % of the race distance. * Season still in progress. † Driver did not finish the race, but was classified as he completed more than 90% of the race distance. † Driver was classified as he completed 75 % of the race distance. Official website Loïc Duval career summary at DriverDB.com
John Albert Elway Jr. is a former American football quarterback, general manager and president of football operations of the Denver Broncos of the National Football League. Elway played college football at Stanford and his entire 16-year professional career with the Denver Broncos. At the time of his retirement in early 1999, Elway had recorded the most victories by a starting quarterback and statistically was the second most prolific passer in NFL history, he was a prolific rusher of the ball, being one of only two players to score a rushing touchdown in four different Super Bowls and the only quarterback to do so. Elway set several career records for passing attempts and completions while at Stanford and received All-American honors, he was the first selection in the 1983 NFL Draft, famously known as the quarterback class of 1983, where he was taken by the Baltimore Colts before being traded to the Denver Broncos. In January 1987, Elway embarked on one of the most notable performances in sports and in NFL history, helping engineer a 98-yard, game-tying touchdown drive in the AFC Championship Game against the Cleveland Browns.
The moment is known in National Football League lore as "The Drive." Following that game in Cleveland and the Broncos lost in Super Bowl XXI to the New York Giants. After two more Super Bowl losses, the Broncos entered a period of decline; the Broncos repeated as champions the following season in Super Bowl XXXIII by defeating the Atlanta Falcons 34–19. Elway was voted MVP of that Super Bowl, the last game of his career, in doing so Elway set a then-record five Super Bowl starts, broken in February 2015 when Tom Brady of the New England Patriots started Super Bowl XLIX; as Denver's quarterback, Elway led his teams to six AFC Championship Games and five Super Bowls, winning two. After his retirement as a player, he served as general manager and executive vice president of football operations of the Broncos, which won four division titles, two AFC Championships, Super Bowl 50 during his tenure. Elway has been a member of the Broncos organization for all three of their Super Bowl victories, two as a player and one as an executive.
Elway was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2004 in his first year of eligibility and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 2000. Elway and his twin sister were born in Port Angeles, Washington, to Janet and Jack Elway the head coach at Port Angeles High School on the Olympic Peninsula; the family of five included sister Lee Ann, a year older than the twins. They moved the following year to southwestern Washington, where Jack was the junior college head football coach at Grays Harbor Community College in Aberdeen for five seasons; as a youth, Elway lived in Missoula and Pullman, when his father was an assistant coach at Montana and Washington State, respectively. In February 1976, Jack joined the staff at Palouse neighbor Idaho, but a month became the head coach at Cal State-Northridge, a Division II program in Southern California; the family moved after John's freshman year at Pullman High School to the San Fernando Valley, where he played his final three years of football at Granada Hills High School in Granada Hills, under head coaches Jack Neumeier and Tom Richards.
Despite missing five games with a knee injury as a senior, he ended his high school career with 5,711 passing yards and 49 passing touchdowns, was named to the PARADE All America High School Football Team, along with future NFL stars, quarterback Dan Marino and running back Eric Dickerson. Known as a dual-threat quarterback, meaning he was accomplished at running and escaping pressure and had impressive passing ability, he was the number-one recruited high school player in the country, receiving over 60 scholarship offers. An accomplished baseball player, Elway was selected by the Kansas City Royals in the 18th round of the 1979 Major League Baseball draft. In 1979, he enrolled at Stanford University, where he played baseball. In his senior season in 1982, Stanford was 5-5 and needed to win its final game, the Big Game against California, to secure an invitation to the Hall of Fame Classic bowl game. With two minutes remaining in the game, Stanford was down 19-17 and had 4th-and-17 on their own 13-yard line.
Elway completed a 29-yard pass and drove the ball downfield to the 35-yard line, where Mark Harmon kicked what appeared to be the winning field goal. However, the clock had four seconds remaining, so Stanford had to kick off. What followed is now known as "The Play", in which Cal players lateraled the ball, rugby-style, five times – two of them controversial – and scored a touchdown to win the game, 25-20. Elway was bitter about the game afterward, stating that the officials "ruined my last game as a college football player." Stanford athletics director Andy Geiger said. Twenty years Elway came to terms with The Play, saying that "each year it gets a little funnier."Although Elway never led his team to a bowl game, he had an accomplished college career. In his four seasons at Stanford, he completed 774 passes for 77 touchdowns. Stanford had a 20–23 record during his tenure. Elway's 24 touchdown passes in 1982 led the nation, at the conclusion of his career, he held nearly every Pacific-10 record for passing and total o
Lacrosse is a team sport played with a lacrosse stick and a lacrosse ball. Players use the head of the lacrosse stick to carry, pass and shoot the ball into the goal; the sport has four versions that have different sticks, fields and equipment: field lacrosse, women's lacrosse, box lacrosse and intercrosse. The men's games, field lacrosse and box lacrosse, are contact sports and all players wear protective gear: helmet, shoulder pads, elbow pads; the women's game is played outdoors and does not allow body contact but does allow stick to stick contact. The only protective gear required for women players is eyegear, while goalies wear helmets and protective pads. Intercrosse is a mixed-gender non-contact sport played indoors that uses an all-plastic stick and a softer ball; the sport is governed by the Federation of International Lacrosse. Lacrosse is part of the cultural tradition of the Iroquois people, inhabiting what is now New York and Pennsylvania. Lacrosse may have been developed as early as 1100 AD among indigenous peoples in North America.
By the seventeenth century, it was well-established and was documented by Jesuit missionary priests in the territory of present-day Canada. In the traditional aboriginal Canadian version, each team consisted of about 100 to 1,000 men on a field that stretched from about 500 m to 3 km long; these games lasted from sunup to sundown for two to three days straight and were played as part of ceremonial ritual, a kind of symbolic warfare, or to give thanks to the Creator or Master. Lacrosse played a significant role in the community and religious life of tribes across the continent for many years. Early lacrosse was characterized by deep spiritual involvement, befitting the spirit of combat in which it was undertaken; those who took part did so in the role of warriors, with the goal of bringing glory and honor to themselves and their tribes. The game was said to be played "for the Creator" or was referred to as "The Creator's Game." The French Jesuit missionary Jean de Brébeuf saw Huron tribesmen play the game during 1637 in present-day Ontario.
He called it la "the stick" in French. The name seems to be originated from the French term for field hockey, le jeu de la crosse. James Smith described in some detail a game being played in 1757 by Mohawk people "wherein now they used a wooden ball, about 7.6 cm in diameter, the instrument they moved it with was a strong staff about 1.5 m long, with a hoop net on the end of it, large enough to contain the ball."Anglophones from Montreal noticed the game being played by Mohawk people and started playing themselves in the 1830s. In 1856, William George Beers, a Canadian dentist, founded the Montreal Lacrosse Club. In 1860, Beers codified the game, shortening the length of each game and reducing the number of players to 12 per team; the first game played under Beers' rules was at Upper Canada College in 1867. The new sport proved to be popular and spread across the English-speaking world; the women's game was introduced by Louisa Lumsden in Scotland in 1890. The first women's club in the United States was started by Rosabelle Sinclair at Bryn Mawr School in 1926.
In the United States, lacrosse during the late 1800s and first half of the 1900s was a regional sport centered around the Mid-Atlantic states New York and Maryland. However, in the last half of the 20th century, the sport spread outside this region, can be found in most of the United States. According to a survey conducted by US Lacrosse in 2016, there are over 825,000 lacrosse participants nationwide and lacrosse is the fastest-growing team sport among NFHS member schools. Field lacrosse is the men's outdoor version of the sport. There are ten players on each team: three attackmen, three midfielders, three defensemen, one goalie; each player carries a lacrosse stick. A short stick is used by attackmen and midfielders. A maximum of four players on the field per team may carry a long stick, between 52 and 72 inches long and is used by the three defensemen and sometimes one defensive midfielder; the goalie uses a stick with a head as wide as 12 inches that can be between 72 inches long. The field of play is 110 by 60 yards.
The goals are 80 yd apart. Each goal sits inside a circular "crease", measuring 18 ft in diameter; the goalie has special privileges within the crease to avoid opponents' stick checks. Offensive players or their sticks may not enter into the crease at any time; the mid-field line separates the field into an defensive zone for each team. Each team must keep four players in its defensive zone and three players in its offensive zone at all times, it does not matter which positional players satisfy the requirement, although the three attackmen stay in the offensive zone, the three defensemen and the goalie stay in the defensive zone, the three middies play in both zones. A team that violates this rule is offsides and either loses possession of the ball if they have it or incurs a technical foul if they do not; the regulation playing time of a game is 60 minutes, divided into four periods of 15 minutes each. Play is started after each goal with a face-off. During a face-off, two players lay their sticks on the ground parallel to the mid-line, the two heads of their sticks on opposite sides of the ball.
At the whistle, the face-off-men scrap for the ball by "clamping" it under their stick and fl
Oriol Servià i Imbers is a Spanish racing driver who competes part-time in the IndyCar Series. He raced for Dragon Racing in the 2014–15 Formula E season, left the series prior to the 2015 Miami ePrix to become managing director for the technical and commercial partnerships of Dragon Racing. Servià holds a degree in mechanical engineering from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia. Born in Pals, Catalonia, Servià started his career in go-karts at a local kart track where he stayed until he was 19, before racing in several Formula Three championships. In 1998, he moved to the Dayton Indy Lights series in America. In 1999, Servià won the Indy Lights championship over closest rival Casey Mears, he had no wins that year but five runner-up finishes. In 2000, Servià joined the PPI Motorsports team in the Champ Car series, as teammate to Cristiano da Matta. Servià moved on to race for the Sigma Autosport, Patrick Racing, Dale Coyne Racing teams. Servià practiced for the 2002 Indianapolis 500 for Walker Racing and Conquest Racing although he failed to get a car into the field.
After starting the 2005 season for Coyne, Servià moved to the Newman/Haas Racing team after two races to replace injured Bruno Junqueira. On 28 August 2005, Servià picked up his first-ever Champ Car victory at the Molson Indy Montreal at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal; the win was controversial, as Timo Glock, gambling on fuel, was forced to pull over and allow Servià to take the lead on the final lap after cutting the final chicane while blocking Servià a second time. Glock had been warned about an earlier unfair attempt. Servià finished as championship runner-up behind team-mate Sébastien Bourdais. In 2006 he joined PKV Racing, alongside British rookie Katherine Legge, with team co-owner Jimmy Vasser scheduled to do a partial season. Servià ended the season 11th in the standings with a third at Cleveland. Without a ride at the beginning of the 2007 season, Servià replaced the injured Paul Tracy at Forsythe Championship Racing. Despite little time in the new Panoz DP01 chassis, Servià earned a runner-up finish in his debut with the team.
He finished 4th in his second replacement start, which earned him a seat for the rest of the season, as he replaced teammate Mario Domínguez at Forsythe. For the season, Servià scored two podiums and four top-five finishes in 11 starts with Forsythe Racing. At San Jose, Servià earned a third-place finish after leading a race high 42 laps, but on 12 September 2007 it was announced that Forsythe Championship Racing had named Mexican driver David Martinez to drive the No. 7 INDECK Cosworth/DP01/Bridgestone for the final two Champ Car World Series races of the season. Luckily for Servià in October he was named the new pilot of the No. 22 Pay By Touch PKV Racing Cosworth/DP01/Bridgestone entry replacing Tristan Gommendy for these two races, because Gommendy had some unresolved business situation. The veteran driver finished in the top ten in all but one start this season, despite missing the season opener, finished sixth in the Series standings. On 3 January 2008 PKV Racing announced that popular Spanish driver Servià, who had finished sixth in the 2007 Champ Car World Series, would return to the series for 2008 with PKV Racing.
However, following Champ Car's unification with the IndyCar Series, the team fields cars for Servià and Will Power in the unified IndyCar Series, under the KV Racing name following Dan Pettit's departure. Servià finished 11th at the Indianapolis 500, impressive due to his 25th place start, he stayed in the top 15 for most of the race. A week he had a remarkable run at Milwaukee. After falling back to 26th position and losing a lap early in the race due to contact with Enrique Bernoldi, he regained his lap on the restart and moved through the field to finish 6th. Following unsuccessful races in Iowa and Texas, Servià improved his best finish in an IRL-spec race by finishing 4th in the Detroit Indy Grand Prix; the final race of the season at the Chicagoland Speedway brought in CDW as a new sponsor. The season finished with Servià racking up seven top-10 finishes, five top-5 finishes, a 4th-place best finish. Servià was sidelined for the first three races of the IndyCar Series leading into the Indianapolis 500.
He signed a deal with Rahal Letterman Racing to compete in the Indianapolis 500. He qualified on the third day of qualifying at an average speed of 220.984, finished 26th in the race after dropping out with mechanical problems. He signed on with Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing for the Mid-Ohio race after serving as an advisor to Tony Kanaan at Andretti Green Racing. Due to sponsorship issues at Newman/Haas/Lanigan Racing, Servià sat out the 2010 IndyCar season. However, after picking up Telemundo and CDW as sponsors, Servià was able to make his return for the 2011 season, he had his best season since 2005, by finishing with three podiums, six top 5s, eleven top 10s on his way to finishing 4th in the points. Servià finished runner-up in the controversial race at 2011 MoveThatBlock.com Indy 225. With just 10 laps remaining, the green flag was displayed; as the race was red flagged, with Servià in front, race control decided to reverse the order and award Ryan Hunter-Reay as the winner. Newman/Haas Racing and Chip Ganassi Racing filed protests.
After a hearing on 22 August, the race was awarded to Andretti Autosport's Ryan Hunter-Reay. Three weeks Servià would score his second runner-up of the season in the Baltimore Grand Prix. The
Cranbrook Schools is a private, PK–12 preparatory school located on a 319-acre campus in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. The schools comprise a co-educational elementary school, a middle school with separate schools for boys and girls, a co-educational high school with boarding facilities. Cranbrook Schools is part of the Cranbrook Educational Community, which includes the Cranbrook Institute of Science, the Cranbrook Academy of Art, Cranbrook House and Gardens; the Cranbrook community was established by publishing mogul George Booth, who bought the site of today's Cranbrook community in 1904. Cranbrook was designated a National Historic Landmark on June 29, 1989 for its significant architecture and design, it attracts tourists from around the world. 40 acres of Cranbrook Schools' campus are gardens. As of 2015, Cranbrook Schools had an endowment of $233 million, among the fifteen largest held by America's boarding schools. In addition, the Cranbrook Educational Community, of which the Schools is a member, has an endowment in excess of $300 million.
In 1915, George and Ellen Booth opened a portion of their property to the general public with the construction of a small Greek Theatre. In 1918, the Booths built the Meeting House, which became the Bloomfield Hills School, opening for local children in 1922. Subsequently, the Booths decided to build a college preparatory school. Cranbrook School for Boys, which began operations in 1927, was designed by world-renowned Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. Completed in 1928, it was Saarinen's first executed architectural work in the United States; the name "Cranbrook" was chosen since Cranbrook, England was the birthplace of George Booth's father. Kingswood School Cranbrook designed by Saarinen, opened in 1931. Cranbrook and Kingswood enrolled students from grades 7–12; the Bloomfield Hills School became an elementary school and was renamed Brookside School Cranbrook in 1930. Unlike the Cranbrook School for Boys, which has several buildings, the Kingswood School has only one building, which includes supporting facilities.
It houses dormitories, a dining hall, an auditorium, lounge/common areas, a bowling alley, a ballroom. The education at Kingswood School Cranbrook was primarily viewed as a "finishing school". For the Booths and Saarinen, the conception and design of the Cranbrook and Kingswood schools were influenced by the Arts and Crafts Movement, which began in 19th-century England. In 1923, Booth founded an Episcopal church to serve the nascent Cranbrook community, as well as surrounding communities, he chose the firm of Goodhue Associates to design the church. Groundbreaking took place in 1925, Christ Church Cranbrook was consecrated on September 29, 1928. Cranbrook and Kingswood schools were affiliated with the Episcopal Church, but they have since secularized. However, special occasions are still celebrated at Christ Church Cranbrook. Cranbrook School, Kingswood School, Brookside School operated separately until 1970, when it was decided to govern them together; this was followed by the creation of the Cranbrook Educational Community.
In 1985, Cranbrook and Kingswood schools were merged to create a co-educational upper school institution. The middle school did not become co-educational; the Community acquired Vaughan School to house the boys' middle school. The basement of Kingswood was at one point the girls' middle school. A new Middle School building opened in 2010. For boys and girls of grades 6–8, all classes are separate; the exceptions are those for the performing arts. English and history classes are taught separately to boys and girls through the 10th grade. Architecture critic Paul Goldberger of The New York Times called the Cranbrook campus "one of the greatest campuses created anywhere". In 1985, Cranbrook School and Kingswood School were merged to create a coeducational upper school, the Cranbrook Kingswood Upper School. While the majority of the classes are coeducational, Conceptual Physics and 9th and 10th grade English and History classes are taught separately to gender for educational purposes. Classes are taught on both Kingswood campuses.
The school is referred to as "CK" by its students and alumni. Cranbrook Kingswood now lays claim to 70 athletic teams, which have won state championships in hockey, lacrosse and swimming; as of 2011, there were 795 students 1/3 of which are boarding students who live in single-sex residence halls. Cranbrook Kingswood accepts fewer than half of all applicants, placing it in the most selective 25% of preparatory schools in the United States. Several programs offered at Cranbrook have won awards and recognition; the student newspaper The Crane-Clarion has been recognized by the Columbia Scholastic Press Association and the National Scholastic Press Association. In 2009, the Upper School's student literary arts magazine, received a Gold Crown award from the Columbia Scholastic Press Association; the robotics and forensics team have won several state and national awards. Their Model United Nations team has been placed in the top 75 in North America as of Spring 2012. Total enrollment at Cranbrook during 2007–08 was 1626, with 780 enrolled in the upper school, 333 in the middle schools, 513 at the lower school Brookside.
11% of Cranbrook Kingswood's students are inte