Jaynagar Mazilpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jaynagar
Jaynagar Majilpur
Kolkata Metropolitan Region
Jaynagar is located in West Bengal
Jaynagar
Jaynagar
Jaynagar is located in India
Jaynagar
Jaynagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157Coordinates: 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Established 01/04/1869
Government
 • Type Chairman-Council
 • Body Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality
Area
 • Total 5.85 km2 (2.26 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 25,922
 • Density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743337
Telephone code 03218
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Lok Sabha constituency Jaynagar (SC)
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jaynagar (SC)
Website s24pgs.gov.in

Jaynagar Majilpur, popularly known as Jaynagar, is a city and a municipality under Jaynagar police station in South 24 Parganas district in the Indian State of West Bengal. It is located in the southern suburbs of Kolkata, as an urban setup in the vicinity of the Kolkata, the city is within the area of Greater Kolkata. It is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). These were originally two towns, now identified together as Jaynagar and Majilpur, it is connected to Kolkata by Kolkata Suburban Railway, Sealdah-Namkhana Section line. This city is famous because of sweet Jaynagarer Moa.

Geography and History[edit]

The place of Majilpur, is an ancient settlement, the etymology of the name is an interesting one. Originally the Ganges would flow over where the place is, but slowly it started silting down, this silting is called "Moje Jaowa" (মজে যাওয়া) in Bengali, from which the place derived the name, "Mojapur" (মজাপুর). Over time it became "Mojpur", "Mojipur" and then "Mojilpur" or Majilpur (মজিলপুর).

This place carries the memory of a very significant incident in the history of the Bengal. When Raja Pratapaditya Roy, the last Independent Hindu king of Bengal at Jessore was defeated by the Mughal forces, the State Diwan's (Grand Vizier) family and the State Priest's family were forced to flee to avoid persecution and conversion, they settled down in Majilpur to form the estate of the Duttas, and the Brahmin priest, Sree Krishna Udgata, who came over, settled down in what is today the Bhattacharya Para (ভটচায্ পাড়া). All the Bhattacharyas in the place are his scions, with the current 13th generation being settled out of the place.

The place was also called "Half-Calcutta" owing to the development it had seen before Independence, with stalwarts like Sivanath Sastri emerging.

It was also a centre for active freedom fighting, with names like Kanailal Bhattacharya and Rajaram Bhattacharjee to name a few.

The place is famous for the ancient Dhanwantary Kali Temple, believed to be very benevolent, who listens to the prayers of her devotees promptly. An annual event is held, called the "Besher Mela" (বেশের মেলা), where the goddess Kali is dressed up as Radha Krishna and other goddesses, it attracts thousands of devotees, and is one of the most iconic yearly events in the place.

Also, by the express direction of the Dhanwantary Kali, every year, during Kali Puja , it is mandatory to host a Kali Puja in every Brahmin household of the place, it used to be a big annual festival, with hundreds of houses performing Kali Puja on the night of the Deepavali, and going out on the next day in a beautifully orchestrated procession, going around the place of Majilpur, before the immersion or the "Bisarjan" (বিসর্জন). However, over the past few years, the number of houses performing Kali Puja has fallen drastically, now performed in only twenty odd houses, this has been mainly due to the gradual outward immigration of people from the hamlet, the reluctancy of the younger generation, and their inability to get hold of funds considering the deteriorating economic condition of Bengal, the rise of public subscription or locally called "Barowari Puja" (বারোয়ারী) and also the rise of Muslim immigrants and converts, who have posed problems while the peaceful immersion procession was on its way.

The place has a largely haunted ancient crematorium, by the name of "Buro'r Ghaat" (বুড়োর ঘাট) or the Old man's Ghaat, which was connected to the Ganges at one point of time in history, but has silted up since.

Nearby is the quaint monasteries of Ramkrishna Ashram and Sarada Ashram in Nimpith, which houses the homely and re assuring idols of Ramkrishna Dev and Sarada Maa.

Jaynagar Majilpur is located at 22°10′09″N 88°24′57″E / 22.1691°N 88.4157°E / 22.1691; 88.4157

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India, Jaynagar Majilpur had a total population of 25,922, of which 13,234 (51%) were males and 12,688 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 2,277, the total number of literates in Jaynagar Majilpur was 20,898 (88.38% of the population over 6 years). [1]

As of 2001 Census of India, Jaynagar Majilpur had a population of 23,319. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jaynagar Majilpur has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 71%. In Jaynagar Majilpur, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Civic Administration[edit]

The Jaynagar Majilpur Municipality is divided into 14 wards.As of 2010,it is controlled by the INC-TMC-SUCI(C) alliance. In the 2010 municipal election,the municipality faced a hung verdict. Later, the Congress, with 6 councillors, formed the municipal board with the support of the Trinamool Congress and SUCI, who had 2 and 3 councillors respectively.

People[edit]

  • Sivanath Sastri was a native of Majilpur.[2]
  • Umesh Chandra Dutta belonged to Majilpur.[3]
  • Kanailal Bhattacharya, a Freedom Fighter, who shot the British Judge RR Galik, and laid down his life immediately after consuming a capsule of potassium cyanide, siapa to avoid capture by th police. The judge RR Galik had infamously delivered the death sentence for the Freedom Fighter Dinesh Gupta. Right after Bhattacharya died, the British found a note in his pocket which said Bimal DasGupta, who was another freedom fighter wrongfully detained by the British. Due to this act, dasgupta was released by the British, who mistook Kanailal Bhattacharya for Bimal Dasgupta, the braveheart Kanailal Bhattacharya was from the place of Majilpur.
  • Art director Ram Nivas Bhattacharya who worked in many exalted Bengali films, including Jhinder Bondi, Gana Shatru, Marjina Abdallah and Saheb, to name a few hailed from the place of Majilpur.
  • Freedom Fighter Rajaram Bhattacharya, who was an undercover agent for the INA (Azad Hind Fauz) in the British Indian Army during the Second World War. He also served as an army man after Independence in the Indian Army.
  • Famous singer Nirmala Mishra was a native of Majilpur.
  • Tanay Kundu aka MAMPA is a famous singer and musician belonging to Jaynagar Majilpur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 April 2016. 
  2. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), 1976/1998, Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, (in Bengali), pp. 522-3, ISBN 81-85626-65-0
  3. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), 1976/1998, Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, (in Bengali), pp. 70-1, ISBN 81-85626-65-0