Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was an 18th-century French painter. He is considered a master of still life, is noted for his genre paintings which depict kitchen maids and domestic activities. Balanced composition, soft diffusion of light, granular impasto characterize his work. Chardin was born in Paris, the son of a cabinetmaker, left the city, he lived on the Left Bank near Saint-Sulpice until 1757, when Louis XV granted him a studio and living quarters in the Louvre. Chardin entered into a marriage contract with Marguerite Saintard in 1723, whom he did not marry until 1731, he served apprenticeships with the history painters Pierre-Jacques Cazes and Noël-Nicolas Coypel, in 1724 became a master in the Académie de Saint-Luc. According to one nineteenth-century writer, at a time when it was hard for unknown painters to come to the attention of the Royal Academy, he first found notice by displaying a painting at the "small Corpus Christi" on the Place Dauphine. Van Loo, passing by in 1720, bought it and assisted the young painter.
Upon presentation of The Ray in 1728, he was admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture. The following year he ceded his position in the Académie de Saint-Luc, he made a modest living by "produc paintings in the various genres at whatever price his customers chose to pay him", by such work as the restoration of the frescoes at the Galerie François I at Fontainebleau in 1731. In November 1731 his son Jean-Pierre was baptized, a daughter, Marguerite-Agnès, was baptized in 1733. In 1735 his wife Marguerite died, within two years Marguerite-Agnès had died as well. Beginning in 1737 Chardin exhibited at the Salon, he would prove to be a "dedicated academician" attending meetings for fifty years, functioning successively as counsellor and secretary, overseeing in 1761 the installation of Salon exhibitions. Chardin's work gained popularity through reproductive engravings of his genre paintings, which brought Chardin income in the form of "what would now be called royalties". In 1744 he entered this time to Françoise-Marguerite Pouget.
The union brought a substantial improvement in Chardin's financial circumstances. In 1745 a daughter, Angélique-Françoise, was born, but she died in 1746. In 1752 Chardin was granted a pension of 500 livres by Louis XV. At the Salon of 1759 he exhibited nine paintings. Beginning in 1761, his responsibilities on behalf of the Salon arranging the exhibitions and acting as treasurer, resulted in a diminution of productivity in painting, the showing of'replicas' of previous works. In 1763 his services to the Académie were acknowledged with an extra 200 livres in pension. In 1765 he was unanimously elected associate member of the Académie des Sciences, Belles-Lettres et Arts of Rouen, but there is no evidence that he left Paris to accept the honor. By 1770 Chardin was the'Premier peintre du roi', his pension of 1,400 livres was the highest in the Academy. In 1772 Chardin's son a painter, drowned in Venice, a probable suicide; the artist's last known oil painting was dated 1776. Gravely ill by November of that year, he died in Paris on December 6, at the age of 80.
Chardin worked slowly and painted only more than 200 pictures in total. Chardin's work had little in common with the Rococo painting that dominated French art in the 18th century. At a time when history painting was considered the supreme classification for public art, Chardin's subjects of choice were viewed as minor categories, he favored simple yet beautifully textured still lifes, sensitively handled domestic interiors and genre paintings. Simple stark, paintings of common household items and an uncanny ability to portray children's innocence in an unsentimental manner found an appreciative audience in his time, account for his timeless appeal. Self-taught, Chardin was influenced by the realism and subject matter of the 17th-century Low Country masters. Despite his unconventional portrayal of the ascendant bourgeoisie, early support came from patrons in the French aristocracy, including Louis XV. Though his popularity rested on paintings of animals and fruit, by the 1730s he introduced kitchen utensils into his work.
Soon figures populated his scenes as well in response to a portrait painter who challenged him to take up the genre. Woman Sealing a Letter, which may have been his first attempt, was followed by half-length compositions of children saying grace, as in Le Bénédicité, kitchen maids in moments of reflection; these humble scenes deal with simple, everyday activities, yet they have functioned as a source of documentary information about a level of French society not hitherto considered a worthy subject for painting. The pictures are noteworthy for pictorial harmony. Chardin said about painting, "Who said one paints with colors? One employs colors, but one paints with feeling."A child playing was a favourite subject of Chardin. He depicted an adolescent building a house of cards on at least four occasions; the version at Waddesdon Manor is the most elaborate. Scenes such as these derived from 17th-century Netherlandish vanitas works, which bore messages about the
Amédé Ardoin was an American Louisiana Creole musician, known for his high singing voice and virtuosity on the Cajun accordion. He is credited by Louisiana music scholars with laying the groundwork for Creole music in the early 20th century, wrote several songs now regarded as zydeco standards. Ardoin was born near Basile in Evangeline Parish, Louisiana a descendant of both free and captive people. Amadee spoke only French and did not speak English, as did most people in this French speaking region. Developing his musical talents in preference to undertaking farm work, he played at dances for Cajun audiences, with fiddle players Alphonse LaFleur and Douglas Bellard, he moved around the area settling at one point near Chataignier where he met Cajun fiddle player Dennis McGee. They established a more regular musical partnership, playing at local house parties, sometimes attended by Ardoin's young cousin, Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin. Ardoin and McGee were among the first artists to record the music of the Acadiana region of Louisiana.
On December 9, 1929, they recorded six songs for Columbia Records in New Orleans. They made further recordings together in New Orleans in 1930, in San Antonio, Texas in August 1934. Ardoin made solo recordings in New York City in December 1934; the recordings were issued on various labels, including Brunswick, Decca and Bluebird. In all, thirty-four recordings with Ardoin playing accordion are known to exist, his recordings and performances became popular throughout southern Louisiana. In the late 1930s, he played in Eunice, Louisiana with fiddle player Sady Courville, but the two did not record together. Ardoin's music combined "European song forms and African rhythmic approaches such as swing and syncopation... personified this cultural blend and enhanced its development through his deft technique and his ability to improvise. Ardoin was a inventive accordionist who could keep a crowd dancing while playing alone, he was a soulful singer whose emotional style made dramatic use of elongated, high-pitched notes."
The circumstances that led to Ardoin's death, the final cause of his death, are uncertain. Descendants of family members and musicians who knew Ardoin tell a story, now well-known, about a racially motivated attack on him in which he was beaten, in about 1939, while walking home after playing at a house dance near Eunice; the most common story says that some white men were angered when a white woman, daughter of the house, lent her handkerchief to Ardoin to wipe the sweat from his face. According to Canray Fontenot and Wade Fruge, in PBS's American Patchwork, Ardoin left the place and was run over by a Model A car which crushed his head and throat, damaging his vocal cords, he was found the next day. According to Fontenot, he "went plumb crazy" and "didn't know. Others had to feed him, he got weaker and weaker until he died." Others consider this story apocryphal. Other versions say that Ardoin was poisoned, not beaten by a jealous fellow musician. Contemporaries said that Ardoin suffered from impaired mental and musical capacities in his life.
Some recent studies have concluded. He ended up in an asylum in Pineville, where he was admitted in September 1942, he died at the hospital two months and was buried in the hospital's common grave. On March 11, 2018, a life-sized statue of Ardoin was unveiled at the St. Landry Parish Visitor Center; the project was headed by Louisiana's former Poet Laureate and professor Darrell Bourque, who wrote a book of poetry titled'If You Abandon Me: An Amédé Ardoin Songbook', the cover of which features artwork by Pierre Bourque. Amadé Ardoin – Louisiana Cajun Music Vol. 6: Amadé Ardoin – The First Black Zydeco Recording Artist Pioneers of Cajun Accordion 1926–1936 I'm Never Comin Back: Roots of Zydeco Amede Ardoin – Mama, I'll Be Long Gone: The Complete Recordings of Amede Ardoin 1929–1934 History of Cajun Music List of Notable People Related to Cajun Music Amédé Ardoin: From sad songs to home statue if you abandon me, comment je vas faire: An Amédé Ardoin Songbook if you abandon me, comment je vas faire: An Amédé Ardoin Songbook Amédé Ardoin & Dennis McGee: Blues du Basile Listen I'm Never Coming Back on Arhoolie records Amédé Ardoin in Encyclopedia of Cajun Culture at the Wayback Machine American Roots Music Louisiana Folklife Program select musician biographies The Death of Amedee Ardoin on YouTube
Ōmiya Bonsai Village is the nickname for the bonsai nursery precinct in Bonsai-chō, Kita-ku, Japan. Bonsai Village is located near Ōmiya-kōen Station on the Tobu Noda Line, it is closed on every Thursday. 1925: Settled by a group of professional bonsai gardeners who lived around Dangō-Zaka area in Tokyo and emigrated from there due to the crucial damages caused by the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, at Toro and Hongō settlements of Ōsato village. 1940 Ōsato village merged with other villages to form Ōmiya city. 1957 The official suburb name 盆栽町 was given to the precinct. 2001 Ōmiya city merges with other cities to form Saitama City. 1 April 2003 on the day of the government designation of Saitama City Bonsai-chō was classified in Kita-ku. The Bonsai Village consists of about ten owned bonsai gardens. From the early 1990s, Omiya Bonsai-cho has seen a slight contraction in the number of nurseries; as of 2007, the Bonsai Village contains hundreds of thousands of bonsai trees in a site of about 330,000 square meters.
The area contains the Omiya Bonsai Art Museum, opened in 2010. The museum has indoor exhibits of bonsai history and art, as well as an outdoor area with a number of bonsai specimens; some of the museum's materials were drawn from the Takagi Bonsai Museum of Art in Tokyo. Each year, Bonsai Village holds the "Great Bonsai Festival" from 3-5 May. During the festival the area is packed with many bonsai devotees from all over Japan. Bonsai - Japanese tradition of growing miniature trees in containers Bonsai in Japan Omiya More about Omiya Bonsai Village with pictures
Landen is a railway station in the town of Landen, Flemish Brabant, Belgium. The station opened on 2 April 1838 and is located on lines 21 and 36; the train services are operated by National Railway Company of Belgium. Landen used to be located on 127 and 147. On February 19 2016, a train ran away from a platform at Landen railway station after the driver left the cabin to inspect the train's mechanics; the train started moving in the direction of Tienen railway station and was stopped 30 minutes and 12 km by a driver who jumped in the train's cab. No passengers were on the train during the incident; the station is served by the following services: Intercity services Blankenberge - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Hasselt - Genk Intercity services Quiévrain - Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Leuven - Liege Intercity services De Panne - Ghent - Aalst - Brussels - Brussels Airport - Leuven - Landen Local services Landen - Waremme - Liege Media related to Landen train station at Wikimedia Commons
Sara Louise Reeser is a former infielder who played in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League between the 1946 and 1950 seasons. Listed at 5 ft 4 in, 130 lb, she threw left-handed. Noted for his defensive skills at first base, Sara Reeser recorded the best fielding average at her position in 1947. Her.990 average is the second best in league history for a single season, being only surpassed by the legendary Dorothy Kamenshek in 1949. A.218 career hitter, Reeser excelled at slap bunting for base hits. In addition, she possessed a near perfect eye for the strike zone and struck out, as evidenced by her.305 career on-base percentage and her 1.54 walk-to-strikeout ratio. Born in Columbus, Reeser was a latecomer and did not start playing until age 16 in a Columbus industrial softball league. Reeser was 21 years old and married. In her rookie season, Reeser collected a.207 batting average and stole a career 45 bases in 110 games, while fielding for a solid.977 average, finishing in fourth place behind Grand Rapids Chicks' Betty Whiting, Rockford Peaches' Kamenshek, Racine Belles' Margaret Danhauser.
Her most productive season came in 1947, when she posted career numbers in batting average and hits, while committing only 27 errors in fielding chances to lead all first-sackers with her aforementioned.990 mark. She set an all-time single season record for the most sacrifice bunts and stole a second career best 36 bases. Late in the season, her teammate Doris Sams hurled a 2–0 perfect game against Dorothy Wiltse and the Fort Wayne Daisies. A RBI-single by Alva Jo Fischer in the fifth inning and a RBI-double by Reeser in the eight represented the only runs of the game, in what otherwise was a strong pitching duel. Reeser batted.223 in 1948, while matching her career 110 games played, finished second in fielding average exceeded by Grand Rapids' Inez Voyce. Out in 1949, she returned with her team when it became the Kalamazoo Lassies in 1950, playing for them in just ten games. Sara Reeser, along with her former teammates and opponents, received their long overdue recognition when the Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum dedicated a permanent display to the All American Girls Professional Baseball League in 1988.
Batting Fielding All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Official Website 1946 Muskegon Lassies
Events from the year 1867 in Germany. King of Bavaria – Ludwig II of Bavaria King of Prussia – William I King of Saxony – John February 12 - North German federal election, 1867 August 31 - North German federal election, August 1867 Date unknown - Volume I of Das Kapital by Karl Marx was published in Hamburg by Verlag Otto Meisner Date unknown - Germanischer Lloyd was founded. January 10 - Gerhard Anschütz. German lawyer January 17 - Carl Laemmle, German-American film executive January 21 - Ludwig Thoma, German writer May 14 - Kurt Eisner, German journalist and theatre critic July 8 - Käthe Kollwitz, German artist July 10 - Prince Maximilian of Baden, German nobleman and chancellor of Germany September 7 - Albert Bassermann, German actor September 9 - Ernst Oppler, German painter September 29 - Walther Rathenau, German statesman and politician October 20 - Ludwig Fahrenkrog, German writer and playwright January 12 - Georg Merz, German optician January 15 - Adolf Lohse, German architect February 3 - Prince Maximilian of Wied-Neuwied, German nobleman, explorer and naturalist February 27 - Christian Ernst Bernhard Morgenstern, German painter March 6 - Peter von Cornelius, German painter March 13 - Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel, German noblewoman March 25 - Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist April 12 - Johann Christian Friedrich Tuch, German Orientalist and theologian April 14 - Ferdinand August Maria Franz von Ritgen, German obstetrician and naturalist b May 25 - Johann Christian Bauer, German type designer and punchcutter June 11 - Karl Otto Weber, German surgeon June 16 - Paulus Modestus Schücking, German lawyer June 26 - Maximilian Anton, Hereditary Prince of Thurn and Taxis, German nobleman June 28 - Friedrich Günther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German nobleman July 26 - Otto of Greece, German king in Greece August 28 - Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier, German jurist September 5 - Prince William of Hesse-Kassel, German nobleman October 23 - Franz Bopp, German linguist December 9 - Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, German firearms inventor and manufacture Dece,ber 17 - Carl Heinrich'Bipontinus' Schultz, German physician and botanist December 21 - Karl Friedrich Schimper, German botanist and naturalist