Joël Bats is a retired goalkeeper and former French international footballer. He played his entire senior club career in his native France. From 1976 to 1992, he appeared in a total of 553 competitive club matches and 504 domestic league matches for three French clubs, he played 50 matches for the senior France team. Bats joined the youth academy of FC Sochaux-Montbéliard, he played for Sochaux's U19 youth team until the summer of 1974. He began his Sochaux professional career at the start of the 1974–75 season. Bats spent the 1974 -- 1975 -- 76 seasons playing only for the club's reserve team. After Bats was promoted to the club's first team in the summer of 1976, he had to compete with Albert Rust for playing time over the next four seasons, with the two of them being alternated in matches. Bats stayed at Sochaux until the end of the 1979–80 season. In the summer of 1980, Bats joined AJ Auxerre, which would made its Division 1 debut in the 1980–81 season after having earned promotion to Division 1 by winning the 1979–80 French Division 2 title.
He became the undisputed first-choice goalkeeper during each of his five seasons at Auxerre. In the summer of 1985, Bats joined Paris Saint-Germain. PSG won their first Division 1/Ligue 1 title in 1986. Bats was PSG's first-choice goalkeeper during each of his seven seasons there, he played 286 competitive matches for PSG until his retirement at the end of the 1991–92 season. On 7 September 1983, Bats made his debut for the senior France team in a 3–1 friendly away loss to Denmark. Bats was selected to represent France for the 1984 European Championship finals, which France hosted and won, he played. It was in the semi-finals that Bats shone, making a pair of superb saves in the 3–2 extra-time win over Portugal before France beat Spain 2–0 in the final to lift the Henri Delaunay Trophy and win their first major international title. By the end of that tournament, Bats was recognized as a authoritative presence in goal, he would remain as the first-choice goalkeeper for France until his international retirement in 1989.
Bats played all 8 of the 1986 World Cup qualifying matches and France finished at the top of its UEFA qualifying group. During the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals, he played every minute of France's three group stage matches, round of 16, quarter-final and semi-final matches. In that tournament, he famously saved a penalty from Zico in the second half of normal time and another penalty from Sócrates in the penalty shoot-out during the quarter-final against Brazil. However, he uncharacteristically let a free-kick from Andreas Brehme slip through his hands in the semi-final against West Germany, which France lost 2–0. Bats played 7 out of the 8 1988 European Championship qualifying matches and all 8 of the 1990 World Cup qualifying matches. France did not qualify for the finals of both of those tournaments. Bats became the first goalkeeper to made his 50th appearance for the senior France team when he was in the starting lineup of the 2–0 1990 World Cup qualifying home win over Cyprus on 18 November 1989.
Bats was a member of the Paris Saint-Germain coaching staff, first as Artur Jorge's goalkeeping coach and as Luis Fernández's assistant coach. Bats was appointed joint head coach of PSG with Ricardo Gomes in June 1996. PSG won the 1997–98 Coupe de France and the 1997–98 Coupe de la Ligue but a disappointing 1997–98 French Division 1 season and a series of boardroom changes saw Bats and Gomes replaced in June 1998 by Alain Giresse. Bats had a brief, undistinguished spell as head coach of Division 2 club L. B. Châteauroux. During his 15-month-long spell, Châteauroux won. In the summer of 2000, Bats was appointed goalkeeping coach at Olympique Lyonnais, a post that he held continuously until December 2017. During his 17 years at OL, he coached three goalkeepers who played for their countries at the senior level - Grégory Coupet, Hugo Lloris and Anthony Lopes. Bats had been under contract at OL until 2019 but the club allowed him to leave early so that he could join up with former OL head coach Rémi Garde at Major League Soccer club Montreal Impact.
Bats was diagnosed with testicular cancer in the summer of 1982, but made a full recovery after surgery. As therapy during his convalescence, he took up writing poetry, had two volumes of it published. In 1986, Bats put his poetry to music. In the same year, he released three singles - a children's song named L'Escargot, a plaintive ballad named Soli Solitude and Même si je m’envole. Profile from PSG site International career
UEFA European Championship
The UEFA European Championship is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations, determining the continental champion of Europe. Held every four years since 1960, in the even-numbered year between World Cup tournaments, it was called the UEFA European Nations' Cup, changing to the current name in 1968. Starting with the 1996 tournament, specific championships are referred to in the form "UEFA Euro ". Prior to entering the tournament all teams other than the host nations compete in a qualifying process; the championship winners earn the opportunity to compete in the following FIFA Confederations Cup, but are not obliged to do so. The 15 European Championship tournaments have been won by ten national teams: Germany and Spain each have won three titles, France has two titles, Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, Denmark and Portugal have won one title each. To date, Spain is the only team in history to have won consecutive titles, doing so in 2008 and 2012.
It is the second most watched football tournament in the world after the FIFA World Cup. The Euro 2012 final was watched by a global audience of around 300 million; the most recent championship, hosted by France in 2016, was won by Portugal, who beat France 1–0 in the final at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis after extra time. The final attracted 284 million viewers, the second most viewed game in European tournament history; the idea for a pan-European football tournament was first proposed by the French Football Federation's secretary-general Henri Delaunay in 1927, but it was not until 1958 that the tournament was started, three years after Delaunay's death. In honour of Delaunay, the trophy awarded to the champions is named after him; the 1960 tournament, held in France, had four teams competing in the finals out of 17 that entered the competition. It was won by the Soviet Union. Spain withdrew from its quarter-final match against the USSR because of two political protests. Of the 17 teams that entered the qualifying tournament, notable absentees were England, the Netherlands, West Germany and Italy.
Spain held the next tournament in 1964, which saw an increase in entries to the qualification tournament, with 29 entering. The hosts beat the Soviet Union, 2 -- 1 at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid; the tournament format stayed the same for the 1968 tournament and won by Italy. For the first and only time a match was decided on a coin toss and the final went to a replay, after the match against Yugoslavia finished 1–1. Italy won the replay 2–0. More teams entered a testament to its burgeoning popularity. Belgium hosted the 1972 tournament, which West Germany won, beating the USSR 3–0 in the final, with goals coming from Gerd Müller and Herbert Wimmer at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels; this tournament would provide a taste of things to come, as the German side contained many of the key members of the 1974 FIFA World Cup Champions. The 1976 tournament in Yugoslavia was the last in which only four teams took part in the final tournament, the last in which the hosts had to qualify. Czechoslovakia beat West Germany in the newly introduced penalty shootout.
After seven successful conversions, Uli Hoeneß missed, leaving Czechoslovakian Antonín Panenka with the opportunity to score and win the tournament. An "audacious" chipped shot, described by UEFA as "perhaps the most famous spot kick of all time" secured the victory as Czechoslovakia won 5–3 on penalties; the competition was expanded to eight teams in the 1980 tournament, again hosted by Italy. It involved a group stage, with the winners of the groups going on to contest the final, the runners-up playing in the third place play-off. West Germany won their second European title by beating Belgium 2–1, with two goals scored by Horst Hrubesch at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome. Horst Hrubesch scored early in the first half before René Vandereycken equalised for Belgium with a penalty in the second half. With two minutes remaining, Hrubesch headed the winner for West Germany from a Karl-Heinz Rummenigge corner. France won their first major title at home in the 1984 tournament, with their captain Michel Platini scoring 9 goals in just 5 games, including the opening goal in the final, in which they beat Spain 2–0.
The format changed, with the top two teams in each group going through to a semi-final stage, instead of the winners of each group going straight into the final. The third place play-off was abolished. West Germany hosted UEFA Euro 1988, but lost 2–1 to the Netherlands, their traditional rivals, in the semi-finals, which sparked vigorous celebrations in the Netherlands; the Netherlands went on to win the tournament in a rematch of their first game of the group stage, beating the USSR 2–0 at the Olympia Stadion in Munich, a match in which Marco van Basten scored one of the most memorable goals in football history, a spectacular volley over the keeper from the right wing. UEFA Euro 1992 was held in Sweden, was won by Denmark, who were only in the finals because UEFA did not allow Yugoslavia to participate as some of the states constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were at war with each other; the Danes beat holders the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-finals defeated world champion Germany 2–0.
This was the first tournament in which a unified Germany took part a
Alexandru "Elek" Schwartz was a Romanian footballer and coach of the Dutch national football team. With S. L. Benfica he won the national Championship and Cup trophies of 1965 and led the club into the final of the European Champion Clubs' Cup. Elek Schwartz started playing near his hometown Recaş, in Timişoara, he played professional football in the French Ligue 1 with FC Hyères, AS Cannes, Racing Strasbourg and Red Star Olympique. He started his coaching career in France with AS Cannes and from there continued to AS Monaco and Le Havre AC. In 1953 he was hired by SF Hamborn 07. In his second season with the club from the suburb of Duisburg he led the club to promotion to the western division of the five ways split first division of Germany, the Oberliga West. In 1955, he was appointed as manager by German champions, Rot-Weiss Essen coaching among others Helmut Rahn there. In the next couple of years he led the team to ranks 8 in the Oberliga West. After leaving Rot-Weiss Essen, Schwartz joined the Dutch football association, the KNVB and took on the reins of the Dutch national football team.
He guided the team through 49 matches. However, this was in an era when Dutch football had yet to achieve the standing it has held since the 1970s. Results varied and included 7–0 defeat to Germany in 1959 in Cologne, as well as back to back 1–0 wins against France and world champions Brazil in 1963, he held the position of national coach until 1964. In 1964–65, he coached Portuguese club S. L. Benfica with Eusébio. There he led them to their first third-consecutive league title. After this, Benfica overcame Real Madrid in the quarterfinals of the European Cup of Champions and even made it all the way to the final, where Benfica had to yield to the masters of the Catenaccio, the Helenio Herrera coached team of Inter Milan, who won 1–0, thus failing what would be Benfica's third European Cup title. From July 1965 to June 1968 Schwartz coached – as successor to Ivica Horvat – Eintracht Frankfurt in the German Bundesliga. There he introduced the 4–2–4 system. Place 4 was as good as it got in the league.
During the 1966 -- 67 season he won the Coppa delle Alpi. In the same year he led his side to the semifinals of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. In 1969–70, he coached FC Porto. Not only that the Dragons exited in the first round of the national cup competition and in the second round of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup – in the end Porto was only ninth in the league, the club's worst finishing ever. In the 1972–73 season, Schwartz coached TSV 1860 Munich, but he could not help them to fulfill their aspirations to return to the Bundesliga after three years of absence, he had more luck in 1976–77, when in the course of his last professional engagement he led Racing Strasbourg to promotion to the French Ligue 1. After this he guided the Alsatian amateur side SR Haguenau, today's FCSR Haguenau, through the 1978–79 season. Haguenau, he decided, was a nice place for him to spend the rest of his life. In 1996, he was invited by the Royal Dutch Football Association to the inauguration of the Amsterdam Arena. Data about Elek Schwartz racingstub.com Elek Schwartz at eintracht-archiv.de Elek Schwartz at WorldFootball.net
LOSC Lille is a French association football club based in Lille. The club was founded in 1944 as a result of a merger and play in Ligue 1, the first division of French football. Lille has played its home matches since 2012 at Stade Pierre-Mauroy in nearby Villeneuve d'Ascq, which replaced the club's previous home of Stade Lille-Metropole in the same community. Lille was founded as a result of a merger between SC Fives. Both clubs were founding members of the French Division 1 and Lillois was the league's inaugural champions. Under the Lille emblem, the club has won three league titles in 1946, 1954, 2011 and six Coupe de France titles, tied for fourth-best among clubs. Lille and Red Star F. C. are the only French clubs in the competition's history to win the Coupe de France in three consecutive seasons. Lille's most successful period was the decade from 1946 to 1956 when the team was led by managers George Berry and André Cheuva. Lille have a long-standing rivalry with its neighbours RC Lens; the two clubs contest the Derby du Nord.
Lille is owned and presided over by Gérard Lopez, an entrepreneur-investor and an active Luxembourgish-Spanish businessman who invests in the sports industry. Before the Second World War, the city of Lille had two clubs in Ligue 1. Weakened by the war, the two clubs decided to merge in the autumn of 1944, giving birth to Lille Olympique Sporting Club. Within its first decade of existence, the new club won two league titles and reached the second place for four consecutive seasons. In the Coupe de France the club accumulated five wins in seven finals, including five successive finals; the final of the Latin Cup was reached. Lille was relegated for the first time in 1956; the club became a mid-table side and in the late 1960s, after a long period of anonymity, weighed down by a lack of facilities and resources, Lille abandoned its professional status. It was feared. However, some young leaders, such as Max Pommerolle and gave new impetus to the club; the results remained erratic and the only titles that ignited the fans' passions were won in the Second Division.
In July 1980, Lille was the first French club to opt for the status of a Mixed Economy Company, of which the city of Lille became the majority shareholder. The team of presidents Amyot and Dewailly all struggled to compete with the top teams in the country. Jacques Amyot's resignation in 1990 led to three more difficult years for the club which compromised its existence, it took Bernard Lecomte's arrival in 1993 to set the club finances on the road to recovery. After a final relegation in 1997, the team trained by Bosnian coach Vahid Halilhodžić was soon promoted back to the elite, in the same year the French Football League was privatised. In just its first season back in the top flight 2000–01 French Division 1, Lille qualified for Europe for the first time in the club's history, booking its place in the 2000–01 Champions League. On the back of the club's new status, Lille entered into a decisive new era under the guidance of chairman and Chief executive officer Michel Seydoux and coach Claude Puel.
The club left the historical Stade Grimonprez-Jooris to join the Stadium Lille Métropole and became a regular on the European scene. Amongst its most emphatic results was the 1–0 victory over Manchester United at the Stade de France in 2005, the 2–0 triumph over Milan in San Siro in 2006 and the 1–0 home win over Liverpool in 2010. A steady development off the pitch, coupled with the sporting progression under the expert hand of coach Rudi Garcia, took Lille back to the summit of the French game with the League and Cup double in 2011. In 2012, LOSC confirmed its place at the top table of the domestic game with another qualification for Europe's most prestigious club competition, the Champions League in 2012–13. With the club finishing just outside the UCL places that season, Garcia left to join Roma, while former Montpellier coach René Girard was appointed the new Lille manager. After two years in charge of the club, Girard left his role as the head coach by mutual consent, he was joined by assistants Gerard Nicolas Girard in making the exit.
In May 2015, the Ivory Coast national team head coach Hervé Renard was appointed as the new manager. On 11 November 2015, Renard was replaced by Frederic Antonetti. On 23 November 2016 a year after being appointed, Lille terminated Antonetti's contract with the club lying second last in the table. In March 2017, Lille appointed Marcelo Bielsa as new manager of the club. In November 2017, Bielsa was suspended by Lille following an unauthorized trip to Chile with the club lying second from bottom on the table again and only managing 3 wins from the first 14 games of the season.. On December 23 2017, Bielsa was terminated by Lille and replaced with former Saint-Etienne manager Christophe Galtier. After a difficult 2017/2018 season, Lille managed to avoid relegation to Ligue 2 by defeating Toulouse 3-2 in the second last game of the campaign. Stade Pierre-Mauroy was inaugurated in 2012. Named the Centre Olympique de Lille Est, the club's sporting venue is spread over five hectares and features three natural grass football pitches and one synthetic pitch, as well as a number of buildings including a medical centre and gymnasium.
These attributes had seen the club house part of the LOSC Youth Academy here, before all the club's operations were moved to the Domaine de Luchin in Camphin-e
Defender (association football)
In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield player whose primary role is to prevent the opposing team from scoring goals. There are four types of defenders: centre-back, full-back, wing-back; the centre-back and full-back positions are essential in most modern formations. The sweeper and wing-back roles are more specialised for certain formations. A centre-back defends in the area directly in front of the goal, tries to prevent opposing players centre-forwards, from scoring. Centre-backs accomplish this by blocking shots, intercepting passes, contesting headers and marking forwards to discourage the opposing team from passing to them. With the ball, centre-backs are expected to make long and pinpoint passes to their teammates, or to kick unaimed long balls down the field. For example, a clearance is a long unaimed kick intended to move the ball as far as possible from the defender's goal. Due to the many skills centre-backs are required to possess in the modern game, many successful contemporary central-defensive partnerships have involved pairing a more physical defender with a defender, quicker, more comfortable in possession and capable of playing the ball out from the back.
During normal play, centre-backs are unlikely to score goals. However, when their team takes a corner kick or other set pieces, centre-backs may move forward to the opponents' penalty area. In this case, other defenders or midfielders will temporarily move into the centre-back positions; some centre-backs have been known for their direct free kicks and powerful shots from distance. Brazilian defenders David Luiz and Naldo have been known for using the cannonball free kick method, which relies more on power than placement. In the modern game, most teams employ three centre-backs in front of the goalkeeper; the 4–2–3–1, 4–3–3, 4–4–2 formations all use two centre-backs. There are two main defensive strategies used by centre-backs: the zonal defence, where each centre-back covers a specific area of the pitch; the sweeper is a more versatile centre-back who "sweeps up" the ball if an opponent manages to breach the defensive line. This position is rather more fluid than that of other defenders who man-mark their designated opponents.
Because of this, it is sometimes referred to as libero. Though sweepers may be expected to build counter-attacking moves, as such require better ball control and passing ability than typical centre-backs, their talents are confined to the defensive realm. For example, the catenaccio system of play, used in Italian football in the 1960s, employed a purely defensive sweeper who only "roamed" around the back line; the more modern libero possesses the defensive qualities of the typical libero while being able to expose the opposition during counterattacks. The Fundell-libero has become more popular in recent time with the sweeper transitioning to the most advanced forward in an attack; this variation on the position requires great fitness. While seen in professional football, the position has been extensively used in lower leagues. Modern libero sit behind centre-backs as a sweeper before charging through the team to join in the attack; some sweepers move forward and distribute the ball up-field, while others intercept passes and get the ball off the opposition without needing to hurl themselves into tackles.
If the sweeper does move up the field to distribute the ball, they will need to make a speedy recovery and run back into their position. In modern football, its usage has been restricted, with few clubs in the biggest leagues using the position; the position is most believed to have been pioneered by Franz Beckenbauer, Gaetano Scirea, Elías Figueroa, although they were not the first players to play this position. Earlier proponents included Alexandru Apolzan, Ivano Blason, Velibor Vasović, Ján Popluhár. Other defenders who have been described as sweepers include Bobby Moore, Franco Baresi, Ronald Koeman, Fernando Hierro, Matthias Sammer, Aldair, due to their ball skills and long passing ability. Though it is used in modern football, it remains a respected and demanding position. A recent and successful use of the sweeper was made by Otto Rehhagel, Greece's manager, during UEFA Euro 2004. Rehhagel utilized Traianos Dellas as Greece's sweeper to great success, as Greece became European champions.
Although this position has become obsolete in modern football formations, due to the use of zonal marking and the offside trap, certain players such as Daniele De Rossi:, Leonardo Bonucci, Javi Martínez and David Luiz have played a similar role as a ball-playing central defender in a 3–5–2 or 3–4–3 formation. Some goalkeepers, who are comfortable leaving their goalmouth to intercept and clear through balls, who participate more in play, such as René Higuita, Manuel Neuer, Edwin van der Sar, Fabien Barthez, Hugo Lloris, among others, have been referred to as sweep
UEFA Euro 1984
The 1984 UEFA European Football Championship final tournament was held in France from 12 to 27 June 1984. It was the seventh European Football Championship, a competition held every four years and endorsed by UEFA. At the time, only eight countries took part in the final stage of the tournament, seven of which had to come through the qualifying stage. France qualified automatically as hosts of the event; the hosting of the event was contested by bids from West Germany. The French bid was unanimously selected by the UEFA Executive Committee at a meeting on 10 December 1981; the opening game of tournament featured Denmark. The sides played out a close encounter until Michel Platini's goal on 78 minutes gave the hosts a 1–0 victory; the opening game saw a premature end to the tournament for Danish midfielder Allan Simonsen, who suffered a broken leg. Platini scored hat-tricks against both Belgium and Yugoslavia as the French recorded maximum points in Group 1. Denmark took second place in the group with victories over Belgium and Yugoslavia, while Belgium finished third with two points.
Yugoslavia, despite going out with no points, gave the hosts a fright in their last group game when they took a 1–0 lead into half-time and reduced France's 3–1 lead to one goal six minutes from time. The games in Group 1 were unusually high-scoring, featured 23 goals over the six matches. Group 2 provided fewer goals, but produced a huge surprise as West Germany failed to qualify for the semi-finals after a 1–0 defeat in their last match to Spain with a late goal by Antonio Maceda, a late Portugal win against Romania that sent the holders out; the first semi-final between France and Portugal is considered one of the best matches in the history of the European Championship. Jean-François Domergue opened the scoring for France but Portugal equalised through Rui Jordão on 74 minutes; the game went to extra time and Jordão scored again in the 98th minute to give the Portuguese a shock lead, but the French rallied and Domergue equalised with six minutes left. In the dying moments of the match and with a penalty shoot-out looming, Platini scored his eighth goal of the championship to give France a memorable 3–2 victory.
The other semi-final between Spain and Denmark saw two evenly matched sides draw 1–1 after extra time, as Søren Lerby's goal after only seven minutes was cancelled out by Maceda’s strike an hour later. The match went to a penalty shoot-out, Spain converted all five of their penalties to win 5–4 and reach the final for the first time since 1964; the final was played to a capacity crowd at the Parc des Princes in Paris. Just before the hour mark, Platini scored from a free-kick to put France ahead following a mistake by Spanish goalkeeper Luis Arconada. France were reduced to ten players when Yvon Le Roux was sent off, but Spain were unable to equalise, Bruno Bellone's goal in injury time made the final score 2–0. France had won their first major championship in world football. After trying out several formats, UEFA developed for the 1984 tournament the format that would serve for all subsequent eight-team European Championships; the eight qualified teams were split into two groups of four. The top two teams of each group advanced to semi-finals and the winners advanced to the final.
The third place play-off perceived as an unnecessary chore, was dropped. As usual at the time, a win was credited with two points only, teams on equal points were ranked by goal difference instead of head-to-head results, the sudden-death rule in extra time did not apply. Fixtures were scheduled according to an innovative rotation schedule in which each team played its three first-round matches in three different stadia. Host France, for instance, played in Paris and Saint-Étienne; this formula had the advantage of exposing residents of a given city to more teams but implied multiple and sometimes costly trips from town to town for fans who wanted to follow their side. In subsequent championships, the organisers reverted to conventional schedules in which teams played in one or two cities only. Few hooligan-related incidents were recorded throughout the tournament. Only one minor instance of fan trouble was recorded, in Strasbourg around the West Germany vs. Portugal match; the small group of German hooligans responsible for the incidents was arrested and deported back to West Germany on the same day using a new law specially passed by the French Parliament ahead of the Euro.
Overall, the organisation was flawless, a feat that established France's credentials as a host nation and helped it win the right to stage the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The entire competition was marked by exceptionally fine weather which, along with the high quality of play throughout the tournament and the absence of hooligans, contributed to a positive and enjoyable experience for teams and fans alike; the official mascot of this European Championship was Peno, a rooster, representing the emblem of the host nation, France. It has the number 84 on the left side of its chest and its outfit is the same as the French national team, blue shirt, white shorts and red socks. France's winning bid to host the Euro was based on seven stadia; the 48,000-seat Parc des Princes in Paris was the venue for the final. Built in 1972, it was still needed minor improvements only. Marseille's Stade Vélodrome was expanded to 55,000 seats to host one semi-final and some group matches, becoming France's largest stadium on
Amadou Jean Tigana is a former French international footballer, having played in midfield and managed professional football extensively throughout France, including 52 appearances and one goal for the France national football team during the 1980s. He most coached Chinese Super League outfit Shanghai Shenhua. In his prime, he was a tireless central midfielder, renowned as one of the best midfielders in the world during the 1980s. Tigana started his professional career as a player at Toulon, having been spotted late playing part-time while employed in a spaghetti factory and as a postman, he moved to Lyon in 1978 and to Bordeaux in a $4 million transfer. He was part of the French national football team that won the European Championship in 1984, defeating Spain in the final. In Bordeaux's midfield for eight years, Tigana helped them to three league titles and three French cups, as well as taking them close to European glory on two occasions, losing in the semi-final of the European Cup and Cup Winners' Cup in 1985 and 1987 respectively.
He moved in 1989 to Olympique Marseille, ended his career there following the 1990–91 season. Tigana was born in Bamako, French Sudan to a French mother, he represented France, as an international Tigana joined Michel Platini, Luis Fernandez and Alain Giresse in what was termed "the Magic Square" – one of the great midfield foursomes of all time. Tigana's single international goal came against Hungary in the 1986 FIFA World Cup finals, in which France managed a third-place finish. Tigana was a world-class box-to box midfielder noted for his great movement, teamwork and tireless stamina. Although Tigana was responsible for his team's defensive duties, he often ventured forward to create scoring opportunities for his teammates. For his first managerial role, Tigana returned to Lyon, coaching them from 1993–1995, before moving on to AS Monaco, where he remained until 1999, they were French league champions in 1997 and Champions League semi-finalists a year beating Manchester United in the quarter-finals.
He took over as manager of English club Fulham in April 2000 and helped them to promotion from the Division One to the FA Premier League as champions in his first full season. They finished 13th in their first top flight season for more than 30 years and qualified for the UEFA Cup, but was sacked in April 2003 though Fulham weren't in danger of going down at this stage; the club took him to court, claiming he had wrongly overpaid for certain players such as Steve Marlet, but the charges were dropped. Tigana took Fulham to court for wrongful dismissal and won, winning a payout of over £2 million. In October 2005, after more than two years out of the game, he signed a two and a half year contract with Turkish side Beşiktaş. During that same season, Beşiktaş won their first Turkish Cup in eight years. After winning the 2007 Turkish Cup, Tigana announced that he was to leave Beşiktaş at the end of the season, he left Beşiktaş with two games to play, after a contract termination agreement with club board.
On 25 May 2010, Tigana returned to coaching joining Ligue 1 club Bordeaux. On 7 May 2011, after a severe defeat against Sochaux and a verbal aggression from Bordeaux team fans against his daughter, in the stadium, he announced that he was to leave the Girondins de Bordeaux. On 18 December 2011, it was announced. On 15 April 2012, Tigana resigned as manager of Shanghai Shenhua after a run of poor form leaving the Chinese club in the bottom five of its domestic league; as of match played 7 April 2012 Bordeaux Division 1: 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87 Coupe de France: 1985–86, 1986–87Marseille Division 1: 1989–90, 1990–91 France UEFA European Championship: 1984 FIFA World Cup third place: 1986.