Jean Cavalier, was the Huguenot chief of the Camisards. He was born at a small hamlet in the commune of Ribaute near Anduze, southern France, his father, an illiterate peasant, had been compelled by persecution to become a Roman Catholic along with his family, but his mother brought him up secretly in the Protestant faith. In his boyhood he became a shepherd, about his twentieth year he was apprenticed to a baker. Threatened with prosecution for his religious opinions he went to Geneva, where he spent the year 1701; some months he became their leader. He showed himself possessed of an extraordinary genius for war, Marshal Villars paid him the high compliment of saying that he was as courageous in attack as he was prudent in retreat, that by his extraordinary knowledge of the country he displayed in the management of his troops a skill as great as that of the ablest officers. Within a period of two years he was to hold in check Count Victor Maurice de Broglie and Marshal Montrevel, generals of Louis XIV, to carry on one of the most terrible partisan wars in French history.
He maintained the most severe discipline. As an orator he derived his inspiration from the prophets of Israel, raised the enthusiasm of his rude mountaineers to a pitch so high that they were ready to die with their young leader for the sake of liberty of conscience; each battle increased the terror of his name. On Christmas Day 1702 he dared to hold a religious assembly at the gates of Alais, put to flight the local militia which came forth to attack him. At Vagnas, on 10 February 1703, he routed the royal troops, defeated in his turn, he was compelled to find safety in flight, but he reappeared, was again defeated at Tour de Billot, again recovered himself, recruits flocking to him to fill up the places of the slain. By a long series of successes he raised his reputation to the highest pitch, gained the full confidence of the people, it was in vain. Cavalier boldly carried the war into the plain, made terrible reprisals, threatened Nîmes itself. On 16 April 1704 he encountered Marshal Montrevel himself at the bridge of Nages, with 1000 men against 5000, though defeated after a desperate conflict, he made a successful retreat with two-thirds of his men.
It was at this moment that Marshal Villars, wishing to put an end to the terrible struggle, opened negotiations, Cavalier was induced to attend a conference at Pont d'Avne near Alais on 11 May 1704, on 16 May he made submission at Nîmes. These negotiations, with the proudest monarch in Europe, he carried on, not as a rebel, but as the leader of an army which had waged an honourable war. Louis XIV gave him a commission as colonel, which Villars presented to him and a pension of 1200 livres. At the same time he authorised the formation of a Camisard regiment for service in Spain under his command. Before leaving the Cévennes for the last time he went to Alais and to Ribaute, followed by an immense concourse of people, but Cavalier had not been able to obtain liberty of conscience, his Camisards to a man broke forth in wrath against him, reproaching him for what they described as his treacherous desertion. On 21 June 1704, with a hundred Camisards who were still faithful to him, he departed from Nîmes and came to Neu-Brisach, where he was to be quartered.
From Dijon he went on to Paris, where Louis XIV gave him audience and heard his explanation of the revolt of the Cévennes. Returning to Dijon, fearing to be imprisoned in the fortress of Neu-Brisach, he escaped with his troop near Montbéliard and took refuge at Lausanne, but he was too much of a soldier to abandon the career of arms. He offered his services to the duke of Savoy, with his Camisards made war in the Val d'Aosta. After the peace he crossed to England, where he formed a regiment of refugees which took part in the Spanish expedition under the earl of Peterborough and Sir Cloudesley Shovell in May 1705. At the battle of Almansa the Camisards found themselves opposed to a French regiment, without firing the two bodies rushed one upon the other. Cavalier wrote later: "The only consolation that remains to me is that the regiment I had the honour to command never looked back, but sold its life dearly on the field of battle. I fought as long as a man stood beside me and until numbers overpowered me, losing an immense quantity of blood from a dozen wounds which I received."
Marshal Berwick never spoke of this tragic event without visible emotion. On his return to England a small pension was given him and he settled at Dublin, where he published Memoirs of the Wars of the Cévennes under Col. Cavalier, written in French and translated into English with a dedication to Lord Carteret. Though Cavalier received, no doubt, assistance in the publication of the Memoirs, it is nonetheless true that he provided the materials, that his work is the most valuable source for the history of his life, he was made a general on 27 October 1735, on 25 May 1738 was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Jersey. Writing in the following year he says: "I am weary, he was promoted to the rank of major-general on 2 July 1739, died in the following year. In the parochial register of St Luke's, there is an entry: Burial A. D. 1740, 18 May, Brigadier John Cavalier. There is a story which
The Garcon Point Bridge is a 2-lane toll bridge in Santa Rosa County, in the Florida panhandle. The bridge runs north - south and connects U. S. Route 98 east of Gulf Breeze, Florida to Interstate 10 and U. S. Route 90 west of Milton, Florida; the road and bridge uses the TOLL 281 shield on signage from US 98 to I-10. North of I-10 the road is signed as State Road 281. Exit signs on I-10 display both TOLL 281 shields; the bridge crosses East Bay, a large section of Pensacola Bay and serves as an evacuation route during a hurricane watch. Due to the reputation of being a pet project of former Florida House Speaker Bolley "Bo" Johnson, D-Milton, who went to federal prison for tax evasion, the bridge project was nicknamed "Bo's Bridge", it was completed in 1999 and in 2000, the Santa Rosa Bay Bridge Authority asked for an $500,000 loan from the state despite having to delay paying back previous multimillion-dollar loans from the state. The loan was denied in 2001. In 1996, URS Greiner Woodward Clyde, a consulting firm, made traffic volume projections based on the assumption that the Garcon Point Bridge would have traffic similar to a nearby bridge to Destin, a popular beach resort instead of the subdivisions that it connects.
In 2000, the average daily traffic was only 3500 vehicles a day, far from the 7500 that URS projected. In 2000, Arthur Goldberg, the URS vice president who wrote the estimates for the Garcon Point Bridge, told the St. Petersburg Times, "We now know that. I don't think the Garcon Point Bridge will get back to the forecast we made for it in 1996."Odebrecht-Metric, the construction company who built the bridge, illegally dumped construction waste during the project, resulting in a $4 million fine for the company for violating the federal Clean Water Act. Three supervisors paid $1,000 in fines and served a probation. Newest Toll Update: March 1st, 2020, Garcon Point Bridge Toll went up to $5.00 per two-axle vehicles, one way for nonSunpass holders. Sunpass toll rate is $4.50 for two-axle vehicles and an additional $4.50 for each additional axle, one way. Two axle vehicles using a SunPass transponder will receive a %25 discount on their Garcon Point Bridge toll transactions in any month they have 30 or more Garcon Point Bridge transactions.
On 4 December 2019, A State judge ruled that the bridge bond holders, UMB Bank, could increase the toll from the current rate of $3.75 per vehicle to $5 per vehicle. Outdated information: There is one toll plaza at the north end of the bridge. Tolls may be paid with the SunPass electronic toll system; as of December 2018, the one-way cost for the toll for a 2-axle vehicle was $3.75. SunPass users who cross the bridge 30 times per month receive a credit for 50% of toll cost. In November, 2014, the trustees of the bridge project proposed raising the bridge toll to $5 each way and reducing the discount given to frequent users. Garcon Point, Florida Santa Rosa Bay Bridge Authority Florida @ SouthEastRoads - State Road 399 Garcon Point Bridge Site
Below is a list of members of the 4th National Assembly of Namibia. They were selected by their parties based on the results of the 2004 parliamentary election; this National Assembly, like each of the previous National Assemblies, was led by the South West Africa People's Organization. Theo-Ben Gurirab Speaker of the National Assembly Doreen Sioka Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly Nahas Angula Prime Minister Libertine Amathila Ngarikutuke Tjiriange John Pandeni Jerry Ekandjo Richard Kamwi Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila Joel Kaapanda Marco Hausiku Albert Kawana Utoni Nujoma Loide Kasingo Immanuel Ngatjizeko Pendukeni Iivula-Ithana Petrus Iilonga Teopolina Mushelenga Alpheus ǃNaruseb Nangolo Mbumba Erkki Nghimtina Bernhardt Esau Lempy Lucas Victor Simunja Hansina Christiaan Pohamba Shifeta Angelika Muharukwa John Mutorwa Petrina Haingura Paulus Kapia Willem Konjore Lucia Basson Abraham Iyambo Ben Amathila Isak Katali Peya Mushelenga Leon Jooste Gabriel ShihepoNicky Nashandi Tjekero Tweya Hage Geingob Moses Amweelo Marlene Mungunda Royal ǀUiǀoǀoo Peter Tsheehama Kazenambo Kazenambo Hans Booys Raphael Dinyando Rosalia Nghidinwa Evelyn ǃNawases Tommy Nambahu Nickey Iyambo Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah Samuel Ankama Elia Kaiyamo Jeremia Nambinga Dickson Namoloh Rebecca Ndjoze-Ojo Paul Smit Ida Hoffmann Alexia Manombe-Ncube Reggie Diergaardt Ben Ulenga Nora Schimming-Chase Tsudao Gurirab Elma Dienda Kalla Gertze Katuutire Kaura Phillemon Moongo Johan De Waal McHenry Venaani Justus ǁGaroëb Gustaphine Tjombe Michael Goreseb Kuaima Riruako Arnold Tjihuiko Asser Mbai Mburumba Kerina Jurie Viljoen Henk Mudge
Tsuen Wan Transport Complex was a large transport hub in Tsuen Wan, Hong Kong. There was a bus terminus and taxi stand on the ground floor. Tsuen Wan Transport Complex was located at No. 98 Tai Ho Road, in South Tsuen Wan, near the shore. When it was completed in 1986, it was located next to the Tsuen Wan Town Hall and the Tsuen Wan Ferry Pier in an otherwise undeveloped zone of Tsuen Wan New Town; the surrounding area has since undergone development, the building sat next to Clague Garden Estate, Tsuen Wan West Station and Nina Towers. Construction of the Complex started in 1983; the multi-storey car park opened in April 1986. Starting from 1 May 1997, the multi-storey car park was managed by Wilson Parking, taking over from Metropark, a Wharf subsidiary. A driving school operated on the 9th and 10th floors of the building since 1999; as of 2009, the Complex was planned for demolition or partial demolition under the MTR Corporation's TW5 property development project. A case in 2010 about environment nuisances caused by street sleepers dwelling in the Complex, highlighted the fact that it had been unclear since 1986, which Government Department held management responsibility for the Complex.
As of February 2012, most of the bus routes using the Complex had relocated their termini elsewhere, most of the building had fallen into disuse. With 778 parking spaces for private cars, the multi-storey car park was, as at December 2011, the second largest Transport Department multi-storey car park after Rumsey Street Car Park; the building was of little use in recent years following the relocation of bus stops in the complex to the new bus terminus not long after the completion of Tsuen Wan West Station. As the building occupied the site of further planned residential development, it was due to be closed on 5 February 2013; the remaining minibus services moved out of the building to the nearby Nina Tower bus / minibus station on 27 January 2013. The multi-storey car park was closed with effect from 1 February 2013, the transport complex was subsequently demolished; the site will become host to a new private housing estate called "Cityside", developed by Chinachem Group. Murray Road Multi-storey Car Park Building Walker, Anthony.
The building of Hong Kong: constructing Hong Kong through the ages. Published for The Hong Kong Construction Association by Hong Kong University Press. P. 187. ISBN 978-962-209-276-1
Bibile is a town located in Monaragala District, Uva Province of Sri Lanka. Bibile's land is important to Sri Lankan agriculture, it was well known for oranges, though still oranges grown there the original variety'Bibile Sweet is no longer in existence. Bibile was known as'Sinhale' in Martin Wickremesinghe's novel "Gamperaliya"; the population is rural. There are 35208 people living in Bibile and the population density is about 74.4%. As per the official records majority of the population are Sinhalese; the population growth has reached to 2.5%. The literacy rate is about 84.5%. However, there are about 65.4 %. Employment rate is about 90.9%. The name of Bibile town is known to the world for many reasons. Name of Professor Senaka Bibile is one of them, his father was a native of Bibile. Dr. Wijya Jayathilake the Executive Director of Transparency International Sri Lanka is a native of Bibile area. Bibile Madya Maha Vidayalaya is one of the main schools in bibile; the first and only Fulbright Scholar from Bibile.
A pest identified as Tristrasa is destroying orange cultivations in Bibile much to the anxiety of the residents of the area who depend on this main traditional crop, their main source of income for centuries. They said several other pests caused by viruses and fungus affected the orange cultivation after the heavy rains experienced in the area. Statistically more than 3000 acres of orange cultivation in the Moneragala district had been affected by pests; the farmers are alarmed that the orange cultivation in the district would be wiped out if the pest was not brought under control immediately. The cultivators who reap a bumper harvest in April and May every year are perturbed that the poor yield this year would result in heavy losses. Orange cultivation in Bibile and several other areas in the Moneragala district were affected by fungus and pests after the monsoonal rains. Bibile Sweet, is the most popular variety unique to the area. However, it is a matter of concern that black spots caused by a fungus affected the fruits on the verge of harvest.
Thousands of rotten oranges are found under the trees. The trees should be exposed to the sun to prevent the spread of the pest. Trees in shady gardens are more susceptible to the pest; the affected trees should be pruned and the rotten fruits destroyed. Pesticides should be applied when the trees are flowering to minimize the effect of the fungus,” Manager of the District Agrarian Training Centre, noted. List of towns in Uva Department of Census and Statistics -Sri Lanka
The Vìrtual Internàtional Phìlharmonic is a Virtual Hall registered from Lugano, Switzerland. It was founded in 2011 by the known St. Petersburg's composer, scientist-physicist, philosopher-agnostic, the writer and philanthropist Vladimir Anisimoff with his son Dmitry Anisimov, a mathematician at the USI; the Virtual International Philharmonic has residence at Seminar of Amateur composers Hall, St. Petersburg, Russia. All concerts in the Virtual International Philharmonic are free of charge. Russian physicist and composer, philanthropist Vladimir Anisimoff back in the 1990s established in St. Petersburg educational musical evenings; these musical concerts were held on Ostrovsky square, in the heart of the city, in Hall of Saint-Petersburg state theatre library. The main attention was paid to modern living composers from St. Petersburg. From 1993 to 1997 there were regular concerts and performances of all the leading composers of St. Petersburg. There was music of Georgy Firtich, Andrey Petrov, Michail Zhuravlev, Felix Shevtsov, Alexander Sledin, Vladislav Uspensky, Abram Ysfin and many other authors.
Since 2000 Vladimir Anisimoff supported materially and financially new directions of development of musical art. First of all he organized with the assistance of the composer Mikhail Zhuravlev a class of electronic music at the M. I. Glinka School of musical arts in St. Petersburg. Secondly, he had quite long supported the Horn orchestra of Russia and he funded on behalf of the JSC NCI corp. Concerts in Oak Hall of the St. Petersburg's House of Composers. At the beginning of 2010, the son Dmitry Anisimov of Vladimir Anisimoff moved to live and work in Lugano, Switzerland. Dmitry Anisimov became a mathematician in USI and together with Vladimir Anisimoff develop an international project to expand and promote musical works of contemporary composers. Vladimir Anisimoff believes that music is like the air and should be available to all people All kinds of musical creativity including ballet, symphony, sacred music and so on. All genres including song and new youth music. In autumn 2017, the website was redesigned to better support the goal of the project.
You may now buy a few allied products connecting with presented musical events. There is a book, a sheet music, a video commemorative sketchbook about various living composers. In the Virtual International Philharmonic Hall there is the music of the following living composers: Maria Kalaniemi, Kaija Saariaho, Esa-Pekka Salonen, Elena Samarina, Aleksander Gonobolin, Vladimir Anisimoff, Anatoly Zarubko, Vasily Kabalin, Oleg Negrutsa, Sandro Gorli, Andrea Talmelli, Nicola Sani, Ludovico Einaudi, Anders Hillborg, Michel van der Aa, Nicolas Bacri, Anthony Girard, Pierre Henry, Ismo Lappalainen, Raymond Ebanks, group Bomfunk MC's Composer Vladimir Anisimoff - listen, download in mp3 Composer Vladimir Anisimoff on Canadian Musiccentre Composer Vladimir Anisimoff as member of Russian Tradition Association